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The Rrethrein At Work. 

'■'■ Declare 

Ye Anwng the Naiiona, and Pahlifih, and set up a Ulandard; Publish, and Conceal Notrs^v. 

Vol. V. 

Lanark, III., January 6, 1880. 

No. 1. 



B T. Biwimun, moklcli, Olila. 
BnocU Ehy, L.iu, III 
D.aGlUon. N.Kt..^l^ Mo. 
e.9.Mnhl«. Com.lkHu. 


FinSTPAOK-.Stoin :iri-l tt;iy Uiib;»tB; Peiicp-mak 
era— Allen Oliorlin. 

Seoond PAOE-Spirit Prnmptiiifrs.— Tin. V. Heck- 
lor; Skcplicism.-Prof. Su ford. No H. How 
togfltMi'cii'3.— S. T. Do.'iaurmiiu; Cull ! I dene e.— 
Jobn Forney. No. II. 

TniiiD Paob— Tlie Hackslitlfln'.— M. P. Liclity; 
Tlie UiiilB Coullrmed by Oriuiitjil Reseiucli. 

FoiTRni Paoe— Editokials— PTtialily; Inter- 
nal oniil Siiiwlay-scliool Lessoua; Olironicles; 

Fifth 1'aoe— EmroRiALg. — TI 11— Inijersoll 
C'lnvertH i ; Cltitliing; Iiitrodudiou; Duiiish 
Mission; Sly New Molto 

SiXTn Paok— lieimliful Snow; D.illy Religion; 
Try it; Mrtke it KiKli'.— Wealthy A. Clarke; Palestine; From Dillsl'urg. I'a.- II. Refl: 
miin; Kroni Moore'9 Stfirn. Vii.— Diuii-I Hava; 
"WincliPsUr, Ind.— .Incob Kinimid; Lriport ■ Co., 
Iiid.— Thurston Slilliir; A Micister, Wimted,— 
Wlio iVillGoV— Joliti Jorney, Sen. From A . t' 

Sevkntii Paok— Very OoodTnrleeii.— T'. P. Loehr. 
From Brownsville, Mo.— D. L. Williaue; The. 
Minor Climcli Pii,— .lospph Holsopple Powt-li, 
Mi hi|,'an.— Geo. Long; From Flor*. Ind.— 
CUrhtUn Leah; From Eiuekn, Cftlifoniia. i. 
W.Crowlev; Elrawood. Nebniskit.- Xiithaniel. 
Wilson; Annua! Meeti g— Il.iward Miller- 
Fr.m Ft. Dt-fian o. Va.— J, W. Click; From 
Jesse Calv<-rt; Diwid lirower; Iteidy to lesse 
Y. Heckler,— B. F. Moonww; Mi;Orides. Mii-h.- 
M, l(. Register; Patience in Alllction,— Thorn iis 
G. Snyder. 

EioHTU Page— Annual Meeting Exponae-ii Old 
People; Preach and \rgue; 1 Would iiotUurt; 

Scenery Hill, Pa.— .Tolin Wise; Pawnee City, 
Neb.~U'm. Pnlleu; Duiieanaville, Pa.— E. Stiller, 


Prop. 2<i. Baptist churchea possess the Bi- 
ble diaracteristics wbicli entitle them to be 
regarded as churclies of Jesus CbriBt. 
D. B. Ray, Affirms. 
J. W. Stein, Denies. 
J, W. Stein's fouhth neoative. 

AS the larger part of my frieud'a 4th aflirma 
tive is a rehash of issnea heretofore met, 
1 refer the reader to them. It is his misrepre- 
sentations of my position, and his own indis. 
criminate application of ambig:uous expression 
and words whose originals are not interchange- 
able, that ia "mixed" "hung" "confused" ''lays 
loose about," &c. Hie methods are the same by 
wliich infidels and skeptics generally claim to 
prove that the Scriptures contradict themselves. 
As he seems curious about what is not written 
perhaps he will inform us. — 1. If water is "the 
mother" of those "born of water?" (Johu 3: 
5.) 2. If any human eTer went to heaven 
without the new birth ? 3. If t^^- b3 endowed 
by the Spirit of God with the gifts of tongues, 
prophecy, &c,, is the essential prerogative of 
God's children? Will he? If so he will un- 
fold the mysteries of his curiosity. How can a 
dislinctiou between liegettingand birth "where 
there is only one parent" be more "absurd" and 
"nonsensical" than the terras themselves? 
Will he explain? Christ did not require bap- 
tisu of the thief that we know of. He dees of 
us. Mark 16: 16; Acta 2 : 3S. Baptism like 
faith and repentance, are means of submitting 
to Christ's salvation only when required. 'M/e- 
laiiirleiti," translated "repenlance" certainly 
precfiii-s baptism; but Jolm baptized into re- 
pentance or reformation, (eis metanoian'). Matt. 
3: IL Mr. R. admits that ei$ weans in order I 

lorn Mutt. 2(i:2S. Why deny it in Aot.-2: 38? 
Ue admits that Christ's blood was t-hed in his 
ihnih and in order to remi.-siou of sina. I ask, 
1. Was it efKjHcious in remitting sins except 
ascoinifcfed with his death? 2. D.ies it lose 
that effiii'icy when we are "bapliz-d into hia 
death" "for the remission of sins?" Acti 2: 38 
We believe tbatsalvatinu is by grace, through 
faith, but we haveshnwn that "laith without 
works is dead" {Jas. 2: 20) and "how tlmt by 
works a man i^ justified, and not by faith only." 
Jhs 2: 2i. I ask him to defiue his p isition in 
Stb Arg, more clearly? Does he apply "with- 
out works" to lb'' law or to the g-isp-l? Pic.iae 
answer. He denounces my statem nt 
"liaptiatb" rfo SHf/i tliini/n'^ as "hatrrd" "mri- 
'ince'^ "wrafh" and "alri/i''' when^jver tliey en- 
gage in carnal warfare," a-i "Jtendish,'" "vile and 
slanderous" and myself iis "a deUherate and wil- 
tul slanderer," I thank G'mI that I can bear to 
be falsely accu.scd and maligned for ihe trutli's 
Enke. I HNk him ifauch is the spirit of Christ? 
[ did not charge Baptists with any thing in 
liiil. 5: 19-21, but that suerified above, of ihe 
trmh of which liis forced uonleasion or fatal al- 
ienee ahull be the witnet's. (I) I a-^k my friend 
again if Baptists can engage m war nn any ai- 
Ciuut without encouraging, developing and do- 
itg those lusts of the flesh, vix.. "hatred, vari- 
ance wrath, striff?" Come to the point my 
riend. Aussver me. IK it places yon in a fa- 
tal dilemma aud you must die, die like a man. 
(2) Do Baptist cliurclies not justify, pray fur 
t'le success of, and fellowship those member>4 
who go to war and fight and kill people? (3) 
.Are B ptist churches free from what they jun- 
tity and fellowship in their members? (4) I urge 
again my plain questions in 3d Neg. from 1 to 
15 inclusive. They are pertinent. Read again 
aud mark the reply, give "yea or nay." It is 
not true tliat I concede Mr, R's point by stat- 
ing that Christiana should be "subjfct to" "the 
powers that be." He aims to dodge the issue 
bynssuniing as settled the very point to be con- 
tested. I ask him again. 1. If the powers 
that be" iudnde all polUical and civil authori- 
tiss? 2. If to "be subject to" them requires 
Christians to do every iking thetj may ask'^ 
Please answer. 

Cth Neg. Arg. Continued. Notwithstanding 
my friend tries to evade this (violates our rules 
of debate and Matt. 7. 1) by falsely imptigning 
my motive. I do beliei'e with all mij heart that 
the Baptist succession scheme is false, and that 
no church which suspends its Christianity up- 
on such a prtb-nsion can be a church of Christ. 
Dr. Graves says; "They (the Baptists) claim that 
they can trace the history of communities, es- 
aeutially like themselves, back through the wil- 
derness into which they were driven by the 
dragon and the beast that succeeded to hi: 
and the image of the beast, by a trail of blood, 
lighted up by a thousand stake-fires, uotii that 
blood miuglea with the blood of the apostles. 
and of the Son of God, and of John the Baptist." 
See Trelemma. pp.lU>, 120. Speaking of oth- 
er than Baptist ministers, he says; "If tbey 
preached the faith, in all respects that was once 
delivered to the eaints, we could not treat them 
as men qualified to preach as Christ's niinigten*." 
Idem pp. 77, 78. Mr. Ray says: 'if it (the 
proposition that 'ihe Baptist church possesses 
the only,visible,scriptiiral organization on earth') 
then in this event the irorld is still left lo 
grope in the impenetrable darkness of injidelitij 
and confusion" Ray—Dilzler Debate. See Bap- 
tist Battle Flag, vol. 2, No. 29. I ask my friend 
again for the name of just one denomination 
during A. D. 1—1500 just like the Baptists? ll 
he fails to find such a people his ciainn are lost 
My 7th iVp*?. .drj. is founded upon the con 
sideration that the Baplbt churches are d^li 
tute of Christian baptism. The single dip whiclj 
they call baplism instead of being the oi.c 
baptism of the gospel appears to be a liereticol 
id papal tradition. 
1. The correctness of my argument appears 

in that I ht'ir arguments in support of the single bunt, 
dip virtually deny ilie tri p^r-onalily of tin 
God-head. They tell us they can "baptize into 
the name of the Rither. and ot the Son, and of 
the Holy Sjiirit" by one dip because "these three 
are ime." They aen the "one" but overlook the 
"three."" Tli y are one in the sense that ' th>ee 
art- one " This is n^t true of the Btptisfa sin- 
gle dip. The djviu' Unit.v i<* the Unity of Trin- 
ity. A Siag/e dip ha^ ao riuilyaud hence can- 
not n-preseut its unilij. It will upjiear under 
the furl her development of ihe NubJ^tt that the 
single dip wiw really invented to oppose the tri- 
pi-r^onality of the God-heiid 

2 TliH correct of my iirgumcnt appears 
in that U^ptials cannot traii.-.|.it^ Paul's {in bap- 
titna)",\m \m^U^m" \}y one dip. C.mM it be 
tfiUHlited by some worl bearing the .saimt r«- 
lati.jii to "ii(/)/o"that "i«/((/siH«."doe3 to baptizo 
the Baptists would have an argument fur tliHir 
single dip. ' Baptizma " corrnaponds with "bnpl.i- 
zo."tpeqnentative Greek verb Bullion suj.-: Fre- 
qu^n'a'ires express repealed act ion,'' ■A\ao "Fre- ' 
giienlatives are those which siijnil'g repcal-d ac- I 
lim' These commonly end in Z'i, Gr. Gram § ' 
72, 103. 8. § 115, 314 2. To this claw of verbs 
belongs btiptizn. to ba(.tize. Andrew and Stod- 
dard say, "I'V. qu-utarives express a repetition or 
i«tvf«.seof the action expressed by the primi- 
tive. Lat Gram. § 187. n; 1. a, b Prof. Stuart 
afier showing from T.-rti'tllian and Jerome that 
iw^j/Zco, Wiis early irauslaled by mergito; suys, 
"It would appear, tliat a feeling existed among 
some of the Latin Fathers when ihey rendered 
biihtizo by mergito, that bajUizo is. in its appro- 
priate sense, what the grammarians and lexico- 
graphers call a •■frfquntative verb'— i. e., one 
wliich denotes repetition of the action which it 
indicate.*. Nor are (hey alone in this; some of 
the best Greek scholars of the present and past 
ages liave expressed the same opinions in a more 
definite shape. Buttman lays it down us a 
princ'ipleo/tlie Greek language, that a class of 
verbs ending imo,/onnf/ from other verbs Jiave 
the signification iffrequentulives. (Grammar sec. 
119; 1. 5, 2 ). Host lays down the same principle, 
(Grrtm, sec. 94, 2, b.) In accordance with this, 
StfphenSAnd Tos.s-fKs have given their opinion 
and the highest authorities of recent dale in lex- 
icography have decided in the .-^ante iray." (My 
italics), "Possow, Bretzchneider, audDonnegan, 
all affirm that baptize origimtllg and properly 
mean^ to dip or plunge often or rcjmiledly." 
Quinter and McConnei Deb. p. 11. We next 
appeal to lexicographers of acknowledged schol- 
arship and ability. Liddell & Scott defiue bap- 
tiso "to dip repeatedly" &c. Donnegan says. 
To immerse repeatedly into a liquid" &c. Pa?- 
aow aaya, "To immerse olten and repeatedly" 
Bretschneider says, "Properly often to dip" 
&c. Kouma says. "To immerse, to dip repeat- 
edly into a liquid" &c. Rost and Palm say, 
"To dip in or under often and repeatedly" &c. 
Gaza says, "To dip repeatedly" &c. Richard- 
son's large English Dictionary defines baptize 
as anglicised in King James' version from bap- 
tizo. "To dip or merge frequently" &c. Our 
position is still strengthened when we rem' 
ber that while those prominent lesicographL-ra 
define baptizo to dip repcaltdly, &c,, not one, 
far aa we have been able to examine, denies that 
it is frequentative. I think I will not go amiss 
lilsay allkxicographersh^ve grant*-d all we 
claim in the tropical meaninga of baptizo, when 
they define it, (o dye; to wash; to cleanse; to pii- 
ify; to perform abulition" &c. Robinson in his 
lexicon of the New Testament gives aa the first 
New Testament meaning ai baptizo, "to wash, 
to perform ablution, cleanse" kc\ (and baptism 
expressly referred to in the New Testament 
a3a«-(i,vA(Hj(Heb. 10:22). Here I appeal to 
the candid, serious mind to decide for itself 
hether these fffects are accomplished by nio 
dip? or by repeated dips? When one setM col 
ehen you wash your hands, or clothe-, 
or perform any other ablution, is it dona hy rmr 

■er used iu .sacred or cla>aic Greek 

ItTTr;,?"''''''*^- tSeeRayWth 
reply.) The following exampl.a which! take 
from he Septuayint (which is classic as well as 
J^oW) exjiibit the relative use ot bapio and bap. 
\'7. „"«'''f^';^(^*'A-)hla fingerin th. blood " 
W.9:9. "Shall dip (i„^„„),te,.,„„d the liv- 
'"g bird m the hlood of the .lain bird." Lev H- 
6 Thus when a thingis to be dipped, one bap- 
to iHU,ed. which simply weans to dip without 
any Idea of repetition. "Naaman dij.ped {ebaj^ 
l'^<"o), himself seven times in Jordan." a 
Kings o: U. We see here when the uction waa 
'■cpeated,bapliz.,,y^,,^,^_ ^„^,^ ,,^j 

^.U compound, occurs only .ix times in the 
New Testament Greek and never ol baptism. 
^Ihelullowing are the examples: Mutt. 20; 23, 
"has been dipping (embfipsas) his luuid." Mark 
14: 20, "dipping m (embapt.mienoo) w\th me." 
Lnke 16: 24, "that he may dip (Impsc)" his 
fai-ger. John 13: 26. 'Shall dip (bapaas)" .md 
havingdipped(m6«/»s<ij<)thesop." (Rev. 19- 
13 ) "garment dipped [bebammenon) in blood.'" 
Here we see the a 

imes, and whurti- 
ism is referred to, it, 


pplication of bapto, while bap- 
tizo IS said to occur eighty tii 
ever the ordiimuce of 
withits cognate, 
is employed. 

Administrators of baptism in the church of 
Christ are "b.tptislai." John the harbinger of 
Chnst was a -b.ptistes;'' bat what is known a3 
'the Baptist church" are simply "baptaL" Mr. 
Ray IS simplya "hapten" not a "baptistes," like 


DY AI,r,KN EiaiN. 

B3ERVE the beauteous expression of the 

-ubject is inspired. It is robed with all the gor- 
geous splendor of hU-rature, and illuminated bj 
the breathings of the Holy Spirit. How many 
of us, brethren aud sisters, are constantly watch- 
ing to det-'ct the enemy, who is ever busy sow- 
ing the seeds of discord, and assist in dispelling 
the deadly, thua enabling his victims to ex- 
tricate themselves from his firm grasp? How 
many of us who have enlisted under the blood- 
staJHed banner of King Emmanuel, are having 
that peace-making principle stand ont as a prom- 
inent feature in our every-day walk, which will 
characterize us as Christiana, at home and 
abroad. When an opportunity of making a 
practical application presents itself, how gladly 
should we embrace it. Inaqmuchas Jai 
"he that converteth a sinnei 

from the error of 
hia way, shall save a soul from death, and shall 
hide a multitude of sins." 

We will notice next, that among the blessings 
enumerated in Christ'a sermon on the mount 
that of peace-making stands second to none. 
Not forgetting that this is but one of the 
many parts which make np life's earnest work, 
may we, too, not omit any other, that our exit 
may he with that sweet consciousness of havirsg 
finished the great work, and occupy a mansion 
in that celestial city above, with Christ in in- 
describable gir.rv and happiness, where the im- 
mortal seraphim's flameahont thecentral throne, 
and be united with them i 

lasting song of hia redeeming love. 

Dging the ever- 

We have seen women professing to be Chrii- 
tiana, who would feel more mortified if their 
diesses were not fashionably arranged, than 
they would be caught telling a lie, or 
defaming the character of a neighbor. We ha»e 
seen them charge their dressmaker in regard to 
getting a dress done for Sunday, as though the 
destiny of a world hune upon their coming ont 

a new dress and we have seen toose who 
lid apparently sell out all their hope in 

or by rqiealed applications? Mr. R. denies that Christ for a new silk dress. 




iiy .IA3. Y. ITErKLER. 

THl'l Rnck of ray suUiUion stHnils, 
Ah firmly ft9 the tlironi; of Gml. 
My Savior calls with ont^hretchcd handa, 

To wnsh the ainner in bis blood. 
And mimy bfitir the Bridp prochnm, 

(Jhd Uiliii^H ol .-alviilioii fn>e: 

Sofnc HTU biiptized in Jesus' iiamP, 

Aud liiDi th'-y lollow faithlully. 

Hut Ui< re are sonic who go astray. 

Who alHO liiid been called of God; 
Who follow not the narrow way, 

The aaintH in every age have tr<;d. 
Uorrui-t (loBireM and soifi-th aims, 

And .viL'ldint,' to tomiilation'a Bnare— 
Ut'iiartiug ftoui the gosju^l claims, 

Are drifting fcheui into despair. cbiirchea to corruption gn, 

Wh.'ii pastors lead the Hocks astray: 
l!y pridi- nnd form auJ outward show, 

Depaiting from the narrow way. 
Soiuo failbfnl wilneB^es prott-at 

Against departures from tho faith, 
but Ihi^y are sik-nced by the rest 

W'lio walk not in the narrow palh. 

Grt'iit God, where are we drifting to, 

Hy !^low departures from tlie way? 
Wiiat ilo those great commitlfei doV 

Where iw our blessed church to-daj ? 
lii-re in the East the vintagp fails; 

And there are lepprs htre and there; 
Storm alter storm the church assails, 

.\ud elands are hovering everywhere. 
Ill pinnies and flounces fiist arrayed, 

In cockney bats which clowns adiiiirp, 
Where iss the path Irom whence ye slrayed? 

Where ia the Uhiistiau's plaio attire? 
WhatleiichcTs, having ilching ears, 

Will preach ti> please the motley crowd? 
What heavy toil of saints for years. 

Will coinpensiite the hireling prond? 

Gr>.at God, look down in mercy now, 

And hear our zealons, plaintive cry: 
Ki-meniber all thy enmhs who how, 

lielore thy iniijesty on high. 
Su.'itain (iiucere and honest yoiils; 

Help them to llglit the fight of taiUii 
And whom ihf love of God cunlroh, 

Help him to keep the narrow patli. 


nimukr II. 
rpUE third diviaiou of slcepticisiu that 
JL \\rt; shall mention is the kind which 
1.:lsl'3 itst^lf upon authority. This is, 
in-rbiim, tht* ino.^t common form of skep- 
ticism at tht! pieseht tlay, and on this 
aci-:ount deserves a tjrenter share of om' 
atr«uliou than the other kinds. 

It is po£siV>le to deny the capabUily 
itftbf human mind to aotiuire kuowl 
(.'dgi> for itself, without denying that 
.such knowledge is actually in its posses- 
siou. Foriustaaco, if we supposed truth 
to lie infusetl into us miraculously, we 
niielic avoid the conclusion that there is 
no such thing as truth cognizable to the 
seuse-!, without admitting that the mind 
itself is competent to aciiuire positive 
knowledge. This kind of unbelief has 
lieen divided into two classes, called re 
liijious skepticism, and philosophical 
skepticism. The former, basing itself 
upon the authority of our intuitive 
knowledge and rejison, denies the testi 
mouy of revelation ; and the latter, stand 
ini; ou the platform of revelation, scouts 
ilir wry notion of philosophy. 

ii is not difficult to see wherein lies 
the weakness of both these tendencies. 
The first bases itself entirely upon sub- 
jective testimony. Our senses, it is claim 
ed.frequently deceive us. tes 
tiiuouy, we have learued by experience, 
must be taken with a great deal of al 
lowance. The authority of revelation 
is tased entirely upon the evidence of 
onr senses aud on human testimony, and 
conseqviently but little reliance can be 
placed in it. 

It is a sufficient answer to this tenden- 
cy to doubt the teatimony of our senses, 
(o know that the ones who doubt them 
iu this iiifttti^r practically depend upon 
their evidence in all other matters. This 
m'H;h is certain: If our senses do habit- 
ually deceive us, we have no way of de 
lecliug that deception ; and if ail human 
te.stimony.nlast be set aside as um'fclia 
ble, we have but fe\v data upon which 
our reasoning powers can work. The 
skepticism of philosophy, on the other 
hand, basing itself entirely upon ol)jec- 
tivf evidence, accepts the revealed will 
ot God as the only basis of positive 
knowledge. The opinions of those who 
take this position have been summed up 
after the following manner: "Man, what- 
ever he might have been in his first cre- 
ation, is now naturally blind and fool- 
ish; his reason is perverted; his moral 
nature overturned; and he is thus ren- 
dered unfit for the great oiKce of acquir- 
ing knowledge with an}'' degree of cer- 
tainty. Upon this state of helpless dark- the light of revelation dawned, the 
shadows of ignorance gradually disperse; 
and a source ia opened from which we 
may at length gam fixed and eternal 
truth — an acrpiisition otherwise impos- 
lible." Bishop Huet founded a school 
of jthilosophieal skepticism in the seven 
teenth century, and his doctrines were 
afterward adopted by a large portion of 
theliomish church. Jle held thatthough 
there may be, aud probably is such a 
thing as objective reality, yet the human 
reason is too feeble aud has to encounter 
too many obstacles in the acquisition of 
knowledge ever to be absolutely certain 
whether our ideas correspond with that 
reality or not; aud that the only princi 
pie by which we can attain to certainty 
id faith, a principle which lies entirely 
beyond the reach of skepticism, being 
an immediate operation of the divine 

The advocates of this theory, not on- 
ly object to intellectu-il philosophy as 
being entirely unrfliable in its results, 
but claim tliat it is still further worth- 
less from the fact that it is superseded 
and rendered unnecessary by revelation. 
They seem to think that the objects of 
speculative philosophy and of revelation 
are identical,aud that to philosophize on 
these subjects is to go back to the state 
of nature in which the world existed pri- 
or to revelation. 

the rivt'j-, sent for the writer, post haste, 
to pray for him. Upon entering his 
room, "Oil, how glad I am to see you, I 
want you to pray for me. I eau't stand 
it long, and to think of passing over the 
river without a change of heart is more 
than I can bear." What a solenm hour 
of prayer! What wrestling with God 
in behalf of tliH sick! Oh, the neglect 
of duty! Why not ask in time? Why 
not serve God in health? In prayer 
what shallwe ask for? Needed blessings 
am! notliiug more. God cannot be de- 
ceived. If not asked aright we ask amiss. 
How shall we ask for blessings! Ask 
in such away that it will not be out of 
the order of (Tod's natural laws to an 
swer them. Do you ask for strength 
then overwork the body aud mind? Ask 
foi- health, then ])ay no attention to di 
etetics, but eat all kinds of food, and at 
all hours, however, detrimental to health 
aud if sickness follow, then claim it is a 
visitation of Providence, when it is but 
a natural result following the violatioi 
of God's natural law. Ask for food then 
neither plant nor sow, and then dislie- 
lieve the Scriptures be<;ause God does 
not give unto you your daily breavl! 
Ask for a clean heart and then go on iu 
sin!. Oh, reader, remember, God helps 
those who help themselves. God has 
given unto us both a natural and di- 
vine law by which we can govern both 
body aud spirit. And in proportion to 
our obedience to his laws, we secure 
blessings both spiritual and temporal. If 
we violate them it follow-s as a natural 
consequence that we suffer. 

The promise is, "it shall be given 
you." But as there is danger of asking 
amiss we must ask according to divine 
and natural law, then ^ve will receive 
the thing asked for, or something wliich 
is far better. Oh, the goodness of God ! 
How bountifully doth he provide! Only 
ask in faith believing, and thou shalt re- 
ceive. Oh, doubling Christian, cast not 
aw;iy thy confidence, but ask, doubting 
nothing, and the needed blessings will 
be bestowed. iSinner, thousrh trembling 
with tby guilt, come to Christ, ".ask, aud 
it shall be given you." Comply with thi 
conditions of pardon and thou shalt be 





"Ask aud it shall be given you." Matt. 7: 7. 
TNASMUCII as we daily need the mer- 
■*- cies of God, we should be thankful 
that we can have the privilege to ask for 
thenv. I am glad that we have a prec 
edent in the gospel of Christ to ask for 
blessings andfavors of God. Our bless 
ed Jesus says when ye pray, say, "Our 
Father which art in heaven." Then we 
should not only regard it as a chtti/ to 
pray to God, but as a holy privilege 
that we can have in approaching God iu 
this holy hour — the holy hour of prayer, 
where we can enter into the holy of 
holies, not but once a year, but when- 
ever the soul feels the need of this holy 
communion with God. The command 
is to ask. Whom are we to ask? God, 
the Father of all. "I cannot pray." 
Why can you not pray ? "I have lived 
too long iu sin and now I am near the 
closing scene of life; 1 am too feeble, 
my mind is disturbed, I cannot pray.'" 
Oh, the neglect of this com 
maud, "Ask and it shall be given yoo." 
A short time ago, in our village, a 
gentleman who was .about to pa^ over 

ed i 


E should have implicit confidence 
in all and then we become unit- 
love and fellowship, and will be 
as Paul said, '-married to him (Chrisit) 
who is raised from the dead, that we 
should bring forth fruit untoGod." And 
when married to him we can truly say, 
"The Lord is our confidence." Again, 
"The fear of t]ie Lord is strong confi 
dence and his children shall have a safe 
refuge." This confidence was so pi 
manently established iu the apostles of 
the Lord Jesus Christ, by the evidence 
of love and fellowship and his protect- 
ing car .^ which they experienced in his 
«i0ciety, while traveling ^vith him l>y 
land and by sea. They always found 
him a safe refuge. When the wind and 
sea became boisterous, th--y knew their 
refuge was asleep in the hinder part 
of the ship, and that he was able to save 
them if he iviU. But they did not know 
if It was his will, and this made them 
tear when the waves began to cover the 
ship ; but they awoke 1 i u .saying, "Lord, 
>,ive us or we perish."' Upon thi.s short 
prayer he saved them, and all was calm 
around them. 

Peter received the sure testimony in 

aii^w.-r III his prayer when he walked 
I'll the water and began to sink, he cried, 
"Lord, > nie." Je-sus immediately 
saved him. But they not only h.-id tlie 
testimony in their own case, that he is 
able to save when called upon iu failli, 
but they saw him save so many from ,h11 
manner of diseases, and from the power 
of the devil, and even to call the dead to 
life again. 'I'hey had so much evidence 
ihat the very devils confessed his Son- 
ship and authority. But the apostles 
had not ouly confidence in tlu-ir Lord 
and Master; but they had also a frater- 
nal confidence in each other, even before 
they had the Holy Spirit, so much so 
that in all their associatious in fheii' trjiv- 
els they would respect each other's rights 
aud brotherly feelings. If any thing 
was disputed they would not decide the 
cfise without a decision from the Lord. 
Mark 0: :^:i-34. They had a dispute by 
the way who should l)e the greatest. 
Matt IS; 1. They asked Jesus who is 
the greatest in the kingdom of heaven? 
Peter could not say, "That is a clear ca^e, 
I am the man, for I am the first one call- 
ed to follow Jesus," Matt. 4: l.'i,aud"my 
name is first on record," Matt. 10: 2, for 
the apostleship; neither did John say, "I 
am the man: for I am the one whom Je- 
sus loveth," but they thoughtsurely oae 
should be the greatest, and if one did 
covet it above the other they regarded 
each other's feelings too much to tell, 
but would let the Master decide the dis- 

We will look at another example to 
learn the apostles' fraternal confidence. 
Matt. 2H: 21-2:1. The Lord told them 
"one of you shall betray me." No one 
would mistrust the other, but would 
take it home to inmself, though all of 
them except Judas knew that no such 
thought had ever entered their hearts, 
yet "they all became exceeding sorrow 
ful and began to say every one of them, 
Lord, is it I? And Jesus told them, it is 
he to whom I give a sop ivhen I have 
di|)pedit and he gave it to Judas, and 
told liim that thou doest do quickly;" 
still their brotherly confidence forbade 
them to think that their brother Judas 
went out to betray his Lord, as the 3Sth 
verse clearly shows, but they thought 
he went on a good errand to buy for the 

The Christian must also have self- 
confidence to fulfill the duties he oweth 
to his God and his bretbreu ; but not con 
fidence in his flesh. Philip 3: 3. Paul 
says,"we have no confidence in the flesh," 
"but bj- the spirit of power and of love 
and of a sound mind, that we may not 
feel ashamed of the testimony of our 
Lord that Christ is magnified in our 
bodies whether l.>y life or by death." 
"And having this confidence I know that 
I shall abide with you all for your fur- 
therance and joy of faith." This self- 
confidence made Paul bold. "That 
which 1 speak, I speak it not after the 
Lord, but as it were foolishly iu this 
confidence of boasting, seeing that many 
glory after the flesh, I will glory also." 
Here Paul calls it foolishness for a man 
in this self confidence to boast of him- 
self, or to have confidence in the flesh. 
But 1 said before, the Christian must 
b.xve self confidence, ^'ou call a man to 
tbe ministry who has no confidence in 
himself, he will never do hisduty^lJke 
the man who will not sow — h^ conjec- 
tures all kinds of hinderances and dif- 
ticnlties in the way that make him 
shrink from duty. So the roan who 
heara the gospel preached, and is c< n- 
victed and convinced, but lacks confi- 
dence in himself, in God and in his word, 
will make a failure the same as the 

January tJ 

a'iiji: T3JrijETiiKEi>j^ ^VT -wohk:. 

above ininiater. Another nueia convinc- 
ed of. his duty, but tLiuka be will be 
laughed at by the world and has no 
confidence in himself that be is able to 
withstand. He is CiigbteDtd from duty 
and makes a failure. I might give e.'t- 
aniple after example. In abort, the Lord 
said, 'He that putahis hand to the [ilow 
and looks back IS not fit fur the kingdom 
of God." 

But some have too much self-confi- 
dence, and this begets conceit in man so 
that he begins to think he is better than 
othei-fl and trusts in the liesh like the 
Pharisee. Luke 17: 9-11 When such 
get into the church they seek for a po 
sition in the church and see much in 
themselves that they think is go^jil, and 
noble, and like Simon, (Act S: 11, will 
give out that they are some great ones.fliid 
ought to be looked up to fur counsel and 
advice. He thinks his plans should be 
adopted whether right or wiong, and if 
he can not gaiu his point by lawiiil 
means he will resort to unlawful ones. 
If it should require eleciioueerine, and 
bis own vote for himself, he would ra'h- 
ei" do it than to trust to the labors aud 
rulings of the chureh, to bis brethren 
and to the guidance of the Huly Spirit, 
This conceit makes him feel as thput^h 
he was able to "lord it over God's her- 
itage." Such have great confidence in 
the flesh. But Paul says, Phil. 3: :i, 
"We have no confidence in the flesh." 
All the good and noble hearted men nnd 
women who are filled with the Spirit of 
holy confidence in God, in the church, 
and in one another, can say with Paul, 
"I rejoice therefore that I have confi 
dence in you, in all things." Tbey will 
not look upon themselves as the only 
ones qualified to fill some ofiice in the 
church, but will esteem others better 
than themselves to fill dift'erent stauons 
in the bouse of God, over whieb Christ 
is set as a Son. Heb. 3: 0. Whose house 
are we if we bold fast the confidence and 
the rejoicing of the hojje, firm unto the 
end. "For we are made partakers of 
Christ if we bold the beginning of our 
confidence steadfast unto the end." This 
we can do if we continue to walk in the 
light, and do the ti-uth; then our heart 
will not condemn us. 1 John -i: 21. 
"Beloved, if our heart condemn us not, 
then have we confidence toward God, 
and whatsoever we ask we receive of 
him because we keep his commandments 
aud do those things that are pleasing in 
hissight." 1 John .J: 14. *'And this is 
the confidence that we have in him, that 
if we ask any thing according to his will 
he lieareth us:" 1 John '2: 2^, and that, 
"when he sh-iU appear, we may have 
confidence, and not be ashamed before 
him at bis coming." 


I1V M. 1". UL'HTY. 

THERE IS no class of persons to be 
pitied more than the backsliders 
of the church; espeeiallj' those who re- 
possess their better semes, and who be- 
gin again to apprehend and realize in 
their better enlightened minds the awful 
condition into which tley Lave suUered 
themselves to be plated. Thi\v begin 
again to see aud feel tie dj'eadful con- 
sequences which are sui'e to follow such 
a state of earthly existence. 

None, but those who have been in 
such a strait, know of die painfal stings 
of remorse which wilj 'pierce and oft- 
times penetrate the very quick of the 
soul, causing it to wither and droop, 
leaving it thus in the mast critical con 
dition, and throwing the whol/ trio be- 
ing into a perturbed state; scarcely, if 

ever, rescued from its melancholy condi- 
tiun; only awaiting to be swallowed up 
by the extinguishing flames of fier) 
dr-alh. Oh, hark! what strange sounds 
all'right our ear-s! Whence come those 
pitiful strains of deep dislress? Oh, ii 
i.s the bitter wailing of some poor back 
sliildeu brolht-rrt and sisters! Listen to 
their cries aud lamentations! "Woe is 
me! Woe is mi-l i\[y God, I have dei,ert- 
ed thee aud thy church; and wilt thou 
foi'sake nie in luj- most sorrowful time 
of bitter troubled Oh, I am afraid I 
am doomed to die the death of all the 

^ es, dear readers, you who have nev- 
er been in such a sorrowful condition, 
you can be thankful, and [iray God nev- 
er to suffer you to l)e led into temptations, 
but deliver you from all evil. But the 
iiuestlon must be asked, is there no hope 
of redemption for the poor backslider? 
Cau he no more return to his earliest and 
firstl'jve? Is there no more balm in 
Gilhead to heal bis sin-bruised soul? 
Oh God is there no remedy for cleans- 
ing and healing his blackened, deathly 
wounds? or hast tliou given him over 
tu the enemy and to reprobacy of mind ? 
Ob, poor, benighted, sin engulfed mor 
til', stop and think; just reflect for a mo- 
ment, where are you, and what are you 
going to do under tne circumstances! 
Let US once more reason together, and 
ex-amine the nature of your deplorable 
situation and condition. You say that 
you have no hopes of ever being rescued 
again from your perilous place? Let 
me ask you; Have you a desiix- to be 
again freed from such a bondage i Would 
you not like to come back again into 
the church, and make an effort once 
luure in a heavenly direction? Have you 
not une spark of hope which might be 
kindled into aflame by the fan of Christ's 
unbounded love'i Don't you think Christ 
loves you stilH and that It is you who 
does not love the dear Savior? 

"Vou mustchange from your ill-directed 
course, ana set your face ^louwal■d, and 
learn to gaze upon that form which is 
altogether lovely, and sweeter than the 
essence of all earthly sweetness, who is 
willing and able to save you, although 
you may be ever so much environed by 
foul despair. No, don't despair any 
longer, dear fellow mortal, for verily 
there yet is hope; else what means the 
Savior's entreating language ; "Come un- 
to nie all ye heavy laden." Now who 
is more heavily burdened with sin than 
the backslider. And again he says, 
"Whosoevev will, let him come and take 
of the water of life freely." Thank God 
for that word, "whosoever." Dues it 
not include alU Yes, only repent and 
come; though your sins seem like moun 
tains; tbey cau be removed. Though sin 
has made your soul dark as hell, or doub- 
ly scarlet, it can be made white as snow. 

Look at that neighbor of yours who 
once was just as bad as you now are, 
and if any thing a little worse, who had 
broken his vows time and again; who 
had gone back and wallowed in his 
former mirey hole; and who returned fre- 
quently to his old vomit again. Yes, we 
might point to many in the church, who 
had once for a time, fallen from a state 
of grace, but who have been restored 
again, and who seem to be happier now 
than ever before. You ask them, and ! 
they will tell you that they entertain the 
brightest hopes of their soul's salvation, ; 
that they possess again perfect ease of 
conscience. Indeed they now seem tu 
be of the warmest and most enthusijistie , 
membeis in the church,serviug the J^ord i 
with double diligence, whose bitterness , 
(jf soul has changed into heavenly sweet i 
ness; and whose great sorrow has turn- 1 

-■d into Hublimest joy. Now don't you 
think you could become such like again f 
Oh, do form once more a firm resolution, 
and come with new courage and strong- 
er fortitude, and makt; one more mighty 
eft'ort to break the shackles of sin, to lie 
once more reinstated in the church of 
Christ, helping to share the work of tlie 
church aud bp<-i.(ne ---qual partaker of its 
joy and sorrow, finally to be blessed for 
the worth of your labor with life ever- 
Listing. You once run well; you wiu a 
kind hearted member in the church, and 
God Inves your soul as dearly as any 
other. No duubt if you come repenting- 
ly he will allow this to pass as a scoui-ge 
in order to make yon wiser unto salva- 
tion, and to make you have a better ap- 
preciation of his divine goodness, love 
and mercy. Olil Satan has somehow ta- 
ken advantage of your better nature, aud 
has placed you in the same rueful pre- 
dicament in which he had once placed 
old mother Eve. Oh. what a pity to be 
thus deluded. How miserable it makes 
one feel. It is hell enough of itself. No 
doubt you feel as though God, Christ, 
the church aud all former friends had 
forsaken you. No sympathy seems to 
greet you, nor does it seem as if any- 
where to he found. But my dear fellow- 
being.-', do not harbor such gloomy 
thoughts. Remember that same sympa 
tbiiiing Jesus that plead your cause once 
is still interceding for you. Oh, hear 
him say, "Father, forgive them; for they 
know not what they do." What more 
sympathy do you want, Solomon says, 
Though a just man fall seven times, yet 
shall he rise up again." And Jesus says, 
"I will forgive seventy times seven." 
Whether this means so often during one 
day, month, year, or lifetime still the 
language implies often. If you please, 
read the history of the rebellious and 
backsliding Israelites. How often did 
they sin i and still the Father with out- 
stretched arms of love and mercy would 
kindly aud gently call them to return. 
Hear what he sfiid to them: "Go and 
proclaim these words, and say, return, 
thou backsliding Israel, and I will not 
cause mine anger to fall upon you, for 
I am merciful and will not keep angry 
forever. Return, and I will heal your 
backslid ings. 

Was there ever a grander proclama 
tion made? What consolation and what 
joy it must have given them! No won- 
der that they gladly exclaimed, "Behold 
We come unto thee, for thou art the Lord 
our God." Then how much less will the 
Father forgive us who are engrafted on 
the true vine, when we striiy away from 
home, aud return again. 

It is, however, true that several pas 
sages of Scripture seem to indicate the 
case of backsliders as quite hopeless. 
But when we le^d the very beautiful 
and touching parable of the prodigal 
son, we are inclined to think otherwise. 
This seems to fit the backslider's case 
exactly. "Behold what love the Father 
doth bestow." 

And again, we read in Rev. "2: 4, r>. 
"Nevertheless, I have somewhat against 
thee, because thou hast left tl y first love. 
Remember, therefore, from whence thou 
art fallen, and repent, and do the first 
works; or else I will come unto thee 
quickly, ani will remove thy candle- 
stick out of his place, except thou re- 

This, however, seems to have refer^ 
ence to the once backslidden Ephesiana — 
the church at Fphesns; and if it is ap 
plicable to the church there and then, it 
is eipially applicable to the present church 
and its individual members here. 

With these few quotations and ■.ita- 

tious I will leave the subjreC for further 
developiuent; hoping ami trusting that 
you will give tile matter a thorough In- 
vestigation; and that you will speedily 
repent, and houestly aud iieiseveringly 
strive once more to become again recon- 
ciled to your God before it will be eter- 
nally too late. 
Water/no, Iowa. 


ABSERVE bow utterly fearless it i^^! 
^ It puts its incidental historical 
narratives by the side of ancient rec- 
ords, wherever these are found, on brick 
cylinders, graven in rocks, traced in 
parchments, carved upon obelisks, built 
info imperial structures,— anil it chal- 
lenges comparison. No matter how oth- 
er records have come to us, the Scripture 
puts ItH record beside theni, asserts tliis 
true, and walta for centuries for its viu- 
dication. Theancient historians tell us, 
for example, that the king of Babylon, 
when that city was taken and destroyed 
by the Persians, was not Bidshazzar, but 
Nidtondadius, or Labynctus, as tlie 
names are given differently in ditl'erent 
languages; that he was not captured in 
the city, or killed, but that he escaped 
from it; that he fought a battle, aft<.'r 
the capture, outside of the city; that he 
was defeated, and then taken prisoner; 
that he was made a satrap under the 
conqueror; that he lived for years after- 
wards unmolested, lived in abundance, 
and died in peace. Berosus Abydenus 
agree in most of this; andliistory laughs 
at the story as told in the book of Dan- 
iel. It is an unhistorical legend, idle, 
worthless, because contrary to the facts. 
The Ijookof Daniel puts forward its rec- 
ord, and patiently waits. 

Twenty years ago there were dug up 
the cylinders from the remains of the 
ancient Ur of the Cbaldees, from the 
mounds which mark the almost forgot- 
ten site of that renowned city of the 
East, which explain at a glance the seem- 
ing inconsistency. Tbey show that Bel- 
shazzar was the son of Nabonadius, and 
the regent under him; that Daniel's rec- 
ord is, therefore, as was that probably 
Herodotus or Berosus. Tbey were sim- 
ply writing of different persons. 

So the Scripture fearlessly challenges 
historiiius, and puts its record alongside 
of theirs — a characteristic which belongs 
to it only among the sacred books of 
the world. There is no other which 
ti-eats so fearlessly the events of the pa-st, 
and which faces such imminent contin- 
ual risk of being demonstrated as untrue, 
if that is possible. It tells its story, 
amid whatever din of contradictions, 
and waits to be accepted with a divine 
courage imperturbable as God — Dr. R. 
S. Storrs. 

When you open the Bible, never for- 
get that it is the Word of God. That h.- 
is as really speaking to you there, as he 
spoke with Moses on the mount. As you 
read, let Scripture explain Scripture; 
and u-se the more easy portions to shed 
light upon the more deep and diflficult. 
Never be satisfied with merely skim- 
ming the surface of the Bible. You are 
to search the Scriptures. "Plough into 
the Bible," was the saying of a wise and 
good man. 

Many will cultivate '[Uantities of iow- 
ei-3, but never think to give them to the 
sick and poor; and many will dance all 
night, or attend a fair on a stormy night, 
that don't feel able to sit np viith the 
iick, or attend prayer- meeting. 

TiiK KKKTiiKKiV J^'V WOKii. 

Jannnrv 6 


M. M. FSirh;LMAN. 1 
S. .1. ItAltlUSON, 
J. W. STEIN. 1 

1. TllBEiiitora will !»■ i 
general tone of tlie paixr, i 
uticlu does not im|Jly tbiit they e 
blmentof tliG writer. 

personalities and iincourteoua laiiRinii 

sent llioir viBWH '■ wiDi khk^p si'iiannPii wimaaii. 

3. Kort lOboni'nt "f ■■•,r r-i'U---- ".■:<\ U- s'--<l i-t 

thocuime, w*isoUm( ■ ■ '■ ■ ■ Mrtu of 

tlie JlrotliHrlioirt -. . , u .on- 

gregatiim to kfp|' II'. ■ ,■ ■ i i • ■■ . ■ ; -; way, 
gire us ALL tlio I'.x-' <. .'■■1 "■'■ ■■■■'A h'li ^'.i-ni in 
proper sliape. Ahviiyn write witli liliii k ink. on 
narrow paper. 

■1. TiiK Hrktiiubn AT WoiiK wIll he aent to 
anyndtlrenH ill tlie United Stjitea or C»ua<la for 
91.30 per iinnuni. For the leading cliaracltristirs 
of ttie paper, as well as ternia to agents aee eighth 
[lage. AudresH all cummunicatlnna, 


Lanark, CarrolK'o., III. 



W. B. Sell li,Lsehaiit;ed liisa.i.ireBs Irom Ettie- 
ville, Mo., to Darliiigrnii Siimp Stale. 

Biio, JooK Barinqeei hiia changed liis ad' 
dress from Bristol, lud., to Panora, Quthrie 

Co., Iowa. 

Hekk and therH amoe one who Ims mur* 
-'pHi;t I'ur hii* 'Velf iiuport«nire" than lor tlie lore 
of the truth, will atuud up and nrnf people to be 
htipti/.-d ''into the name otthf Lord J>^aus" only 
Tliev koow not what they d^i M- n who haw 
respect for their Bcholarship and the word will 
nut do ao. Ir is ftrange Ihut^ucb will not see 
that whe wf are haptiiied inio the uanienf the 
Son (Mutt 28:1!^) we are most ct-rtniuly bap- 
tiZ' d "into the nuinf of the Lord Jeniis." 

Piogrfss speiikine of the 
tlie Pennanent Exhibilii 

The P/iiltidelp/ii 
niovemeot to clo^e 

"You are very well aware, gfintlemnn, that 
the poor man caiiui>t Bf!'''rd to hny expeni^ivi 
pewc, and does not like to nIiow hi- poverty by 
b^ine driven into a couspiciious dinplay of it. 
And though your great templts of i-lnirclii-s are 
more than half empty Sunday afier Sunday, you 
have not accoiumndat ions for the working cUsh- 
69 if you could get them to join you. Und- r 
neath allthia agitation lies one MLiniKcant lad. 
A >i'ar or no ago, while this same qnesliou was 
in discuiaiou.a prpneli'T. iiion- honest and hold- 
er than hia bretnren, dfclar-d from the pulpit 
that tbti Gfanr.:h inii^t«d upon the closing of all 
pliices of amiHement on Siiiida\' liecauae the 
church could not stand th" rivalry." 

We print no extra uumfjara, hence 
ncriptiona must b*-gin at the time I 
received. No back numbers on hand. 

SELV-praiae ii always^ in market, 
your commendation for its triah. 

We never grumbie at carrying oilier men' 
pains, neither do ws rejoice in their auccesa. — 
Selfishness eats a hrde m the Christiana bank 

G.VT uuderatandiug, and be like Je'us you; 
Savior. Fools prefer to walk in darkueaa, for 
things of the same kind love to associate. 

We regret that we can fill no orders for No. 
51), or the lust number of 1879. Quite a num- 
ber of new auhscrihera were received, more than 
we anticipated, hence the issue of Dec. loth la 

Wf have now ready, a Catalogue of religious 
and standard books h hich will be sent on appli- 
cation to any part of the world. Send for one, 
ao that when you wish to order a book you will 
know whore to send fur it. 

All orders for hooks and pamphlets are fiUed 
the day of their arrival, for we do not wish the 
sun to go down on unfinished work. '"Pioaipt- 
ne3s"is our motto in business. Try us and be 


Brothku Geofoe W. Ginsos, Solicitor for 
Board of Mission in Pleasant llill church, Ma- 
couiiin Co., Ill, writes; "The solicitations for 
missionary funds are much more responded to 
this year Ihao last. Received twelve dollars dur- 
ing November" 

MB.Mooi)v,in one ol his recntaermnns, said: 
"I have a great admiration for the colored wo 
man who said that, if the Lord told lier to jump 
through a f tone wall, it was her buisine^a to 
jump, and th" getting through was God's hu^i 
ness." We agree with Mr. Moody in adnm-iiig 
the theology of this colored woman. Inasliarp 
debate before a Presbyterian General As-enibly 
upon au important qiieation, Dr. N. W. Taylor, 
a delegate from Connecticut, said that the posi- 
tion he took was sustained and enforced by a 
fundamental principle of moral truth, to which 
he would adiiere at all ha/.irds. Dr. Lyman 
Betcher responded by a.sking him whetlier he 
would follow the principle if it carried him over 
Niagara Falls. "Ves, ..r 1 would abandon llie 
principle," was the prompt reply of Dr. Taylor 
This is the colored woman's doctrine, put in a 
little more scholarly form, Let the proposition 
be given that God comm.inda a thing to be done, 
and all discrelion as to doing it ba^ed on conse- 
quences or dillicultie.s is at an end. Obedience, 
unhe-'itaiing and uiKpiestiouing, if then the 
supreme duty, no matrer what may be the ap- 
parent consequences. God himself is fully com 
petent to take care of the results arising from 
what lie requires, and it is never wise or safe to 
reason from these results against the require 
ment. That which ia essentially right is alwuy 
expedient, though Bomeiim'S the revei"se may 
1 to be the fact. 

Ah, wlnit a spectacle the earih would present 

Tne sun w.-uld scorch the life out of every 
plant ou one man's premises, while just across 
an im.iginary line, refreshing abowers and 
gentle dewa would be moistening the earth and 
a most luxuriant vegetation would be spring- 
ing forth. Narrow, contracted, deceit lul aa 
the human heart ia. anxious and ambitious aa 
man is to ec ipse his fellows in brilliancy, he 
ataiids horror stricken, terrified before such a 
scene. Oh. how devoutly to be wished that 
man possessed the divine nature. How differ- 
ent he is! 

Witness the extravagance to pamper the van- 
ity of General Grant. All classes of all ages of 
all aexes of all colors of all stations are swept 
as with a storm of mighty madness to get where 
they t au bow down to the great Goliath of hu- 
man blood. The thought seem^ to heave with- 
in their bosoma, "Ah, if I can but touch the 
hem of hia garment!" 

An Omaha minister when Grant was present 
was so profuse in his praise words for the latter 
that the Chknga Times says the minister prais- 
ed God and Grant in turns. Grant has too much 
sense not to loathe such domonstrutiona. Ia he 
a tool that he does not see the hypocrisy or idi- 
ocy of his flattering worshipers? Sensible peo- 
ple alwajs sicken of such silly luawki-ihuess. 

We read, "And upon a set day Herod, array- 
ed in royal apparel, sat upon his throne, and 
made an oration unto tliem, and the people gave 
a shout, saying, it is the voice of a god und not 
of a man, and immediately the angel of thi 
Lord smote him because he gave not God the 
;j:lor>: and he was eaten of worms and gave np 
the ghost." Acts 12: 20-23. Is not Grant wor- 
shiped while he remains lu the cities and in tlie 
towns in which he .-tups more thau God? Let 
US see, R gular preacliing. prayer meL-ting and 
devotional exercises of every description were 
postponed to wnrship— Grant! And what is 
Grant? Who is he? Is he a machine? A fos- 
sil or a mineral, a plan f. or tree? Of what 
f coniposc'l? Maw is he or^^aaiz^d? doe; he 
t through his nos" and breathe through his 
eyes, and smell With his ears? Ia it any won- 
der the Lurd should smite Herod and he be eat 
en of worms? God has endowed man with com- 
mon sense and curses him if he don't use it. 

B, J, H. 

If health perniitled.ouresteemed Brother John 
Metzger inteudtd to commence meeting in 
Palmer, Christiau Co,, III.. Dec. 23rd. May 
grace be abuudantiv bestowed upon his labors. 

Buo. ri. C. MoOMAW" Bendaus the following: 
"There is a marked and gratifying improvement 
in all our papers. It betokens the rapid advau- 
tcs we have made, numerically, intellectually 
and spiritually within the last two decades. 
With God's grace we will soon make our prin- 
ciples a power among the moral forces that are 
shaping the world's destiny". 

Quite a number of persons have sent money 
to the office for renewal of japer, and for the 
purchase of books and pamphlets without giving 
their names or addresses. After wondering for a 
month or two why the Brethren .\t Wouk does 
uol "tend to their bu>.ines8" they will write and 
tell tlieni to send the money back if they don't 
wftut to send what was ordered. Of course they 
will never think the fault is their own. 

As previously uotic-d th- B-^rgstre^ser— B^h- 
or debate will be published in pamphlet form. 
The price has not yet been announced. Per- 
sons who wish thedebatfi will notify us by card 
so thut we may know how many to order. We 
bespeak for it an extensive circulation, as those 
present say that Bro, Basher presented many 
new thoughts in an interesting manner. Orders 
Tlt the debate rt'ceived it this office. It is 
pre-umed that the price will not be over fifty 

It is ao good we cannot keep it; we must tell 
it in Gath. A certain comTiuuity was " 
ed" with two orders of people — one culling them- 
selves "Advents," the other "Christians." Prop- 
ositions were made io unite in one body, hence 
a meeting was called, and each agreed to con- 
cede some points. The "Advents" were called 
upon to yield their name, and at once complied. 
The "Christians" were urged to give up the 
formiilaof baptism as given in Matt. 28: 19, 
and agree to baptize "into the name of the Lord 
Jesus" only. This the "Christians" refused to 
do, maintaining, that the commission ahoutdev 
er be complied with. Their efforts were closed, 
and the two bodies are still apart. But now 
comes the finale. Some time afier this effort 
at Union two Brethren went into the "Chris 
tian's" house and for a week held forth thi 
word, and of course the apostolic commisaioi 
(Matt. 28:19) came up. No sooner had the 
Brethren concluded their plea in behalf of thi 
primitive mode of baptism than a miui-t-rol 
'Christian" church arose and announced 
that at Seven P. M he would reply. In his re 
ply he took the poaition that it waa quite sufH 
cient to be baptized "into the name of the Lord 
Jesus;" and not according to Matt. 28: 19. The 
Advents" iimiled,and wondered irhy that min- 
ister changed so suddenly. In trying to evade 
truth, men will sometimes make themaelves 
ook absurd. 


i'/^ OD is no respecter of persons."— 
VX 3i; "H m;iketb his aun to rise 

Acts 10 
on the 

evil und on the good, and sendeth rain on the 
just and on the unjust." God is not partial. 
His giKjdness reaches all classes. None are ex- 
cluded from his blessings. If Qod were as ael- 
tish as many ot the human family, — yes eveu 
ny of those who profess the guidance of 
the Holy Spirit, what a time there would be,— 
what sea.sons we would have! The sun would 
?hiDe ou one man's field, but not a ray of light 
would fall across the fence into hLi neighbor'a. 


THE system of hssons | repared by a select 
party have had an extensive circulation 
among Sunday-school workera. To some, it 
may seem useless to attack this Goliah; but we 
are confident when the truth comes to the sur- 
face it will find a reaponse in many hearts. We 
are not out seeking the applause of men; if we 
were we would laud the "International Lesson" 
and secure to ourselves the happy smiles of the 
vast multitude. But we have a plain duty to 
perform, and shall not shrink. Nothing seems 
80 hurtful to truth as for its advocates to keep 
on hand a large telescope through which to look 
to see which way the multitude will run, and 
then cut the field to take a position at the 
head of the column as a "leader," Some people 
:all this way of doing, "shrewdness," or "smart- 
ness." Well, some people call him who cheats, 
Stuart; but it ia a misuse of the term. 

We do not know which way the majority of 
the Brethren intend to go on the "International 
Lesfou" question. What course they shall pi 
sue, or th it the leaders will advocate, ia unknov 
to us; and more, we urt not out inqitiriny where 
they iiish to go, or will go, but we are before 
you to tell you our convictions in the light of 
eternal truth. We are not interested in the 
publication of any Sunday-school Lesson; nor 
are we endeavoring to break down anything 
that will make us all more pious, devoted, peace- 
ful, joyful and hopeful in our holy religion; but 
the truth must out whether it burns or freez-js. 
The Committee which prepares the "Inter 
national Lesson" coasista of men chosen from 
among the "leading denominations," or rather 
the most influential bodies of "Christians." The 
SI. E. chorch.being a large body, is represented 
■ <a that Committee; the Baptist church the 
same, and so with others. But the church of 
the Brethren being a sm dl bodv — a cla.'^s not 
distinguiahed by great church edifices, Doctors 
if Divinity, and "men of renown," it can have 
no representation on that Committee. Like a 

what is thrown out to them— that is, if the 
Brethren conclude to use their Lessons.- Are 
we under obligations to accept their division of 
the Scriptures? Paul fells the fiithful minister 
of Christ to "study," "rightly dividing the 
word." not that he should goto those who de- 
ny a portion of the word and get (/i,-hi to divide 
it for him. 

Have we none among us who are able to pre- 
pare leasona for our children, that we must go 
t i Babyio-i? Tlie Committee chums to arrange 

the Lessons so as to complete a course in seven 
years. Let us examine this. There are 31,180 
verses in the Bible. On an average there are 
about twenty verses in a Ies.son. This would 
give us 960 verses in the Bible during the year, 
allowing four Sunday's for review. In seven 
years they give us 0720 veraea or about one fifth 
of the whole. Now in order to complete a course 
in this way it would require thirty two and a 
half years, half of which would be spent in the 
Old Testament. We do not wish to dissuade 
any one from studying the Old Testament; but 
in view of the fact that a knowledge of. and 
obedience, lo, the New Teatameut teachings, is 
the course for a Christian to. purine, is it wise 
tospendaomuchofthetimein the Old? Aa 
a body, can we afford to accept the divisions of 
the Scriptnres as dealt out by those who are 
not of us? Wliy.hould we go out to those 
whom we regard as unwilling to do as our Mas- 
ter did on the night of fii. betrayal, and accept 
their divisions of the Bible fur our children? 
Why should they say how much or how liLtle 
may coustitute a lesson for our youth? We 
see no good reason for so doing, for certainly 
there are those among us who are able to pre- 
pare lessons for our children. In fact, our first 
choice is to leave the arrangemeut as made by 
the Holy Spirit. This is a good one; and we 
believe no committee can improve it. If we oa 
teachers of the youth, have not autficient wis- 
dom to do the work well, let us seek that wis- 
dom which is /roit, alm-f which is pure. 

Theopponenis of Sraday-schols predicted 
that soon the church would he flooded with les- 
sons prepared by tlio.e "not of ua," and we hope 
that the teachersof our youth will not unthink- 
ingly fulfill this prediction, and thus cause the 
work of teaching our children to receive sncb 
a check aa will greatly injure the cause. We 
siiall say more next week, «. u e 



ND it came to pass as the disciples contin- 
ued to preach the things concerning the 
kingdom.ihat "there arose no small stir about 
that way." For a certain man named Denton, 
a minister by occupation, feared lest the people 
might forsake him; and he sought opportunity 
to plead his cause before the multitude. To 
this the disciples made no objection, saying that 
on the morrow at eleven A. M., and seven P, M-. 
they would preach the word of the Lord in a 
house hard by. Then lu-ose Denton, and beck- 
oned unto the people, declaring that Grid's ser- 
vants might preach in that house wherein they 
stood on the morrow at eleven, and he would 
give answer at seven of the same day. To this 
the disciples gave heed, and when the morrow 
was come, they resorted to the C— ite house and 
opened the book at Matt. 28, and read the lust 
five verses. When this was read, Daniel, (*u r- 
named Miller, straightway reasoned how that 
the Lord Jesus commanded hia disciples to 
"Go into all the world and preach the Gospel 
to every creature; he that believeth and is bap- 
tized shall be saved." He declared that the 
Lord Jeeua not only commanded us what to do, 
but how to do it. He "mightily convinced" 
some, "showing by the Scriptures" that Jeaos 
commanded believers to be baptized "into the 
name of the Father, jnd of the Son, and of the 
Holy Ghoat." And when he had sat down, that 
other disciple who had companied him, arose 
and urged the peeple to "seek the Lord, if hap- 
ly they might feel after him, and find him, 
though he be not far from every one of us." 
When they had don*, the one who "opposed" 
himself, straightway announced that at seven 
P. M. be would go up on the "judgment seat" 
a id persuade the people that these disciplea 
were teaching "contrary to the law." And 
rthen the evening was come the people gathered 
ogether to bear what the "deputy" should say 
u reply to the disciples. He vehemently al- 

servant before the haughty king, they must take ' 1-ged that Alexander Campbell made declara- 

Jaiiuoi^' *J 

TJbdK liliETHKiLM j^T AVOKKl. 

tiuiiH thut not eveo a hint ul' Irme iramer; 
coud be ruiinil ill thi! liil>le. He trnnblinnly 
OS^Herted tlmt to be ItiiptlzeJ into tliu uniue ol' 
Jasiia wua tuoiigli, aiirf tl'fit tiie' Tunkera" only 
biipLiz^ the head, and out llie budy. Thtse and 
many ullierliurd tliiiigB hji^ike lie for u liltli 
time, mid tlien gave iioticu t)mt un the morrow 
nigbt he would delivuran or-tlioQ oa the name. 

Now when tliediruiplej kiiew that they could 
no longer preach in that bouoe they made proc- 
lamuliou ihut Ihey would preauti in the house 
culled McLaiues on the morrow night. 

And it oiine to pttwg that as the discipleB con- 
tinued to declare all the counsel ot Qud that 
word WHS Bent to one Stewart ttayiiig, "These 
that turned Ihe world upside d'Wn are eoiu'- 
' hither also." And he made uU hasle and came 
into that place, and having cume into the house 
of Normiin, he began to dispute wilh the evun 
geliHts, asserting I h .it they were iu error and 
muat needs be corrected. But the diacipl-^s, 
nothing daiint*d, all day earnestly declared that 
what Jesus had spoken by the mouth of holy 
men, and the Spirit of God, must be believi^d 
and obeyed. And when theevening came their 
opponent gladly ceased, and he declared that 
he hud learned much thut day. And when the 
linur was come the disciples went up to Ihe 
houj-e, and tor the Iwst time spake the word ot 
the Lord to that people. Thus was "the word 
of the Lord published throughout all that re 
gi<in." And the ditciples wre filled with jny, 
because they were considered worthy ot re- 
proach. Neverthei^^ss the Loid las a ptople 
there and iu due season will call them forth. 

Kuw on tje tenth day of the twelfth mouth 
when they hud p;is3ed through St. Paul and 
Milwaukee, they came into a place calltd West 
ern Union, where they met au infidel whoblaa- 
pliemed the nam.e of Jesus. And Daniel being 
7,"iilou3 for th-; law of God, rebuked the unbe- 
liever, and wliowed him that by his own mouth 
he was condemued; for he persistently declared 
that he believed only that which he could see. 
Then Daniel questioned him the more, saying. 
Did you ever tee wind ? Have you seen steam ? 
Can law enact itselt? And many other like 
questious, which when the unbeliever discover- 
ed he could not answer, became ^xceedJllg!y 
mad iusomwch that he vehemently kicked 
astainst the goads, gnashed his teeth and then 
fiid Irom the disciples, Now all the good acts 
concerning these disciples, are they not written 
iu the "book of remembrance? 'L. E. Arner. 


I INGER30LL assumes that Christ gave no 
att-ention to the laws which God had pre- 
viously ei^en the Jews. Why does he do this? 
Does he not know that Christ said, "I came not 
to destroy the law and the prophet, but to ful- 
fill?" and that he told the Jews to "search the 
Scriptures"— the law and the prophets— for * * 
' "they testify of me?" If he does know this 
how can he lay any claim to honesty of heart? 
If he does not know it, he does not know what 
is in the Bible, and why does he persist in say- 
iii" what is in it is false? Is he not 
therefore guilty either of a wilful miarepresen- 
taliou of truth or of narrow hearted bigotry? 
When the falsity of hia assumption that Christ 
did not lieed the law and the prophets is expos- 
ed, does not his question as to whether when 
"God took upon himself flesh, and came among 
the Jews, and taught a ditlereut religion, and 
these Jews, in accordance with the laws which 
this same God gave them, crucified him, djd he 
not reap what he had sown?— We ask, then^ 
does not this question lose all its pertinency? 

Next we find the plan of salvation ridiculed. 
because the innocent suftVred for the guilty. He 
don't seem to know that none but the guilty 
need any one to sufler for them? He would 
have us believe that somebody ought to sutfcr 
-for the innocent! Man loves a being iu pro- 
portion as it mnkea sacrifice for his welfare. 
We know another's affection lot us only as we 
tuow what they would sacrifice for us. It i^ 
not so much what people do, but what sacrifice.'^ 
they will make that caus-s us to be grateful to 
them. When a man worth millions gives us a 
loaf ot bread we do not feel so grateful to him 
as we do towards another who gives us only 
hilf a loaf when that half is all he had and no 
money with which to buy more. The man who 
gave the whole loaf could do so without any sac 
rifico whatever. For him to do so would not 

indicate any love for the one whom he helped. 
But the man who gave his hLst half lo^f was re- 
quired to make a sacrifice which showed a lot e 
lor his poor friend. We know when a person 
makes a sacrifice for a cause thut it is really the 
cause he loves, aud what he does lie does from 
purest love. Men are sometimes heard to say, 
when Qsk>^d to contribute to some charitabli 
purpose, "I guess I can give so and so mui! 
without missing it." A man who never gives 
what he can use himself or what he will feel is 
a lojs to hira, hsa no promise of reward. It 
is the sacrificing spirit God wants man to come 
in pos^i'Bsion of. So far as God'aneedof unythinn 
from us is concerned, he needs nothing. All 
we have IB his anyway. So far as his ueediuK 
is cnncerncd, he could create vastly more 
means in a moment than could be used in a 
century. A man who never makes any sacri- 
fice lor an object has no way of proving he has 
any regard or concern for it. While we may 
enjoy a gilt equally well from the rich and the 
poor, we cannot leel equally grateful to each 
for it. 

The greatest sacrifice we can imagine any one 
can make for us is that of his life. Christ saya, 
"Greater love hath no man than this that he 
lay doivn his life for his enemies." This is a 
self-evident truth. It would be a great sacri- 
fice to lay down our life for our friends; but to 
lay down oui life for our enemies is absolutely 
the greatest sacrifice which man can make. 

This Grid did. Now what is there inconsist- 
ent in this? If God desired to awaken emotions 
of love within the human breast what better 
thing could he have done to accomplish his pur- 
pose? If we love a being as that being makes 
or is willing to make sacrifices for us, what 
thing could God have doue that would liave 
been more absolutely certain to win our att'ec- 
tiun than what he did do? 

To get a more aatisfu'^tory aud complete un- 
demtaudiug of the "plan of salvation" we refer 
you to J. B. Walker's "Pliilosophy of the Plan 
of Salvation." This book, we think, if carefully 
read, will convince any honest mind that the 
plan of salvation is not only void of all incon- 
sistencies, but is founded on the laws of the 
niiud and in harmony ivith all true philosophy. 
S, J. H. 

Hisforu of flic (flint^cli. 


SAYS the Bible anything about clothing? 
Certainly. The Lord says, "Beware of the 
-cribes which love to go in long clothing." — 
Mark, 2: 38. Here clothing is not only men- 
tioned, but loii^ clothing. It was the chief 
fashion then, and under this loiit/ cJolhing were 
hearts that loved salutations in market-places, 
chief seats in synagogues, uppermost rooms at 
feu-,t5; for a pretense make long prayers, and 
for ^ain devoured widows houses. 

"Ye have respect to him that weareth gay 
clothing." — James 2:3, It is eipreasly stated 
that some wear gay clothing, and on this ac- 
couut the sexton tells them to sit in "a good 
place," while the poor are told to staixl or sit 
under the footstool, the pulpit. Such a sexton 
ought to be discharged at once, and the church 
that tolerates such work is in common with its 
sexton, and must bear a portion of the judg- 

"Beware of false prophets, which come to 
you in sheep's clothing, but inwardly they are 
ravening wolvea."^Matt. 7: 15. "Sheep's cloth- 
ing?" "So the sheep have clothing?" Yes they 
have clothing, and the wolifg like to get into it 
too. Well, but how does the wolf hiow that it 
is sheep'.^ clothing? la not sheep's clothing likf 
the clothing of a goat? Seems to me, it is use- 
less to have a particular clothing for sheep, and 
another for oxen, another for birds, Yes, but 
God so arranged the clothing business, and he 
says "beware" of those who put on the Christian 
garment, and are inicardhj ravening wolves, 
ready to devour you. "The good Shepherd giv- 
eth his life for the sheep." I lay down my life 
for the sheep, and then wolves come in my 
cheeps clothing to devour them. Beware ol 
those who come in your garments," The sheep 
have the clothing peculiar to them, and raven- 
ing wolves will put on this clothing to devour. 
We reiterate the warning of Jesus. Look oui 
for those who come in the Christian garb, yei 
inwardly are chuckling how they will torment 
you. Great Master, save us from such people! 
u. u. E. 

Report of Brethren's Tract Society will be 
in next issue. 


FEW, indeed, are able to provide themselves 
with bonks minutely setting forth the 
acti of the Church Irom the close of the Script- 
ure record down to the present; hence we have 
thought "good" to write in order the tnings 
which have been, for the edification aud in- 
struction of our readers. We shall endeavor to 
given faithful aud an impartial account of the 
Church as gleaned from the bedt authorities. 
And we here wish to prepare the minds of our 
readers, by stating that in the course of our 
researches we may indite methods pursued by 
the primitive church, that would ssem to be at 
variance with our usages But the reader will 
remember that there is only a diff-rence in the 
ap]iIication of the principles themselvcB. There 
is a law in this State Betting f ,rth the duty of 
th-- people to instruct the youth under their care. 
Now while the law sets forth the principles 
that are to be taught, yet each teacher is left 
to pursue bis own course in the ajiplication of 
the principles. So with the church. The cus- 
toms of the people in the api stoiic age difi'.-red 
very much Irom our cuatoms. The early or 
first Chrislians had their method of teaching, 
and we have ours; but both have the same 

The church is a society go\rrned by certuin 
laws aud iuslitutioua, which laws and institu- 
tions were presented and founded by the Lord, 
Christ. This society has both an internal and 
an external history. The external history com- 
prehends i's discipline and doctrine. In this 
part,;iF»-,voHs who have ruled, are more or hrss 
brought to view; and as these persons conduc- 
ted themselves so the church conducted itself. 
The_/b)'m of government, the laics that con- 
trolled the body, the dovlrine urged upon the 
people, are important feiitures in the internal 
history of the church. And as we advance step 
by st«p, in the internal history of the church 
the reader will observe that in the beginning, 
the government of the church waa adminis- 
tered by the ministers and people. But in the 
course of time, the pastors or ministers aflected 
superior wisdom or pre-eminence,trampled upon 
the rights of the people, aud assumed to them- 
selves supreme authority. 

In oilr "jottings" we shall study to keep 
apart those laws which are diriuv, aud those 
which are human. When the pastors and peo- 
ple administered the government of the church 
the f/(('i')i^ law was their sole guide; but when 
the pastors assumed to govern the people in 
their own way. then human laws were enacted, 
which finally took the place of the divine. A-t 
the pastors gradually usurped power over the 
people, so the divine laws in government de- 
creased, and the human increased. In other 
words, as the power of the clergy increased so 
the authority of human laws increased, and the 
diviue law diminished. This sad picture pre- 
aent,s itself to our view as we scan the pages ol 
the faithful historian. Amidst this corruption 
it is difficult to present a faithful history of (/it- 
church in all ages of the world; for as the rule 
of the priests or pastors increased, persecutions 
became more common and severe, and as we 
come down through the different ages of the 
world, we behold the faithful servants of God 
cast into dungeons, racked and tortured, and 
persecuted to such an extent that it is difficult 
to give a minute account of the internal his- 
tory of the church. However, we shall venture, 
trusting that the "perilous times" in which we 
live, the "admiration" of persons, nor the opin- 
; of others will prevent us from faithfully 
recording the truth as drawn from the most 
authentic sources. Truth iu all of its simplicity, 
ihould render ns zealous in its defense. "Fear 
hath torment;" and miserable must he be who 
through /Var will noi follow the truth. 

In the first epistle ofPanl to Timothy, th^ 
rue character of the church is portrayed; and 
n the second, mention ia made concerning 
what it had become through the carelessness o' 
hose into whose bdnds it bad been committed. 
Compare 1 Tim. 3: 14, 15. and 2 Tim. 2:20, am; 
3: 1-13. In plac« of "Ihe house of God," there 
s "a great house." Instead of "the pillar and 
around of truth," aa expressed in the first letter, 
they were "hcers of theirownselves, covetous, 

proud, boasters, bli^phemem," And this in the 
th rty-lhird year ufp-r Chn-t'-s a-c-nsion. Tlnii 
eirly great evils made their iipp^arrtuce; and 
why should we uiarVrl if tho.-e evils, nnd 
greater ones, continue with ua at this renintQ 
di-tauce from the primitive church? S>iuie 
Ecclesiastical bistoriuna divide the events into 
lour period:!, viz; 1 From the commencement 
of the church to the time of Coustantiue the 
great. A. D , 325 2 Knuu Constanlius to 
Charlemagne, A. D. 8 W, 3. From Charle- 
magne to Martin Luther, A. D. 1620. 4. From 
Martin Luther to the present time. Now in- 
stead of pursuing this order, we prefer lo give 
the events of eai.h cenlury, believing tlmt this 
method will be the better one for the render. 


THE committee on Dauish Mission had a 
meeting in Nov'-mber last, aud ajjreed to 
hend brother Hope §2lX» by January 1st, 1880 
and we were au£horiz.d to invite the churcliea 
to contribute as liberally as possible ao that 
there might be a sufficiency; but we wereialha 
midst ot considerable labor at the time, and im- 
mediately after the meeting lelt for Wi-conaiii, 
hence forgot the work assigned ns. We ref^ret 
it very much, aud now call the attention of tli« 
Brotherhood to the necessity of keeping enough 
in the hands of the treasurer to meet the t-x- 
penses of the mission. Some churches hava 
not contributed, hence those whose syiupathiea 
are open will please remember that it will he 
neces-ary to send more than the quota assigned 
by Ii-t General Conference. Wo wish to keep 
Brolher Hope well aunpl ed; and in order to do 
tins, the donations should be prompt aud liber- 
al. A report will be presented by next A. M., 
so that all may know where their contributions 
luive gone. Ple^s*- sfnd all money fur Dani=h 
Mission to C. P. Rowland. Lanark, lil. 

H, M. E. 


r COME with a new motto this new year. I 
1 shall declare among nations the Jiaiiic of 
ihe Lord who la all-powerful, I shall publish, 
or make known the will of the Lord as reveakd 
in the Bible, the only true standard in all mat- 
ters of religion. My purpose is to iiiibliiik, not 
to amceul. The Bible, our true standard, pro- 
claims that "nothing is secret that shall not be 
made manifest; neither anything hid that shall 
not be made known and come abroad." — Luke 
8:17. Hence if you want your ains made known 
invite me to your home. If you want your 
corruption exposed call me iu ns I shall use the 
eword that cuts aud the fire that bums. 

Brother John Barnhart of Champaign coun- 
ty Illiuoia reports that they have had success- 
ful meetings, and that eight have been received 

into the church. "Rejoice with those who re- 

Olr esteemed brother, S. C Keim. writes 
that after Dec. 18th he will be at home again, 
and that communications should be addressed 
to him at Elk Lick, Pa. He says that he has 
been greatly benefitted at the Mt. Park Home, 
and isUssared that ni6ney and time were judi- 
ciously -pent in trying to regain health by the 
means there employed. 

Bhother W. Arnold intends, the Lord wil- 
ling, to start to North Manchester, Ind., Jan. 
loth. He requests us to say that those along 
the B. and 0., and the P. Ft. W. and C. Rail- 
ways desiring him to stop with them, will 
please address him, Somerset, Perry Co., Ohio. 

Brother A, S- Leer, of Morrisonville, "11]., 
is quite afflicted. At the Southern III. District 
Meeting his eyes were quite sore, and since 
then they have grown worse so that he can no 
lunger read printed matter. We hope that he 
may soon recover, for it is hard to be deprived 
of these glorious windows of the body which 
*he Lord has given us. We extend to our broth- 
er our heart-felt sympathies. 

We learned thit the circulation of the Gospel 
Preacher a lew weeks ago. waa between three 
,ind lour thousand. The B. at W. closed ita 
■■■mtract for 1879 with a circulation between 
sxand seven thousand; and the Children at 
Work about two thousand five hundr>-d. 
The Home Mirror claims thirty thousand. We 
lo not know the extent of the circulation of 
lie other papers published ly the Brethren but 
i>resnme it i.s not leas than twelve thousand. — 
rni.-i would make a total circulation of aboat' 
it':y-four thousand. All things considered, 
this is a good showing. 



ijgoim* anil i^'amilu. 

Hii;tl.,iiiilH. love Vfnir wivea. Wives, submit your- 
aelvvi liiih' your own IiubIjiumI^. Cliil'ln-n, obey 
your riunTila. Fatlmnt. pnivokeiiotyiiur children co 
wmtli, liiit briiiK tli'-'in up in Lhe nurture and iid- 
monlti.itMir tlip l.tirrl. -*erviuiT9. be obedient X^ 
tbeui Unit iif" your iniwlcra.— I'aul. 


Ob ! lb'< snow, tbn b.'iiiairul xiiow ! 
FlllliJR Ifie sky aiid tlie eiirth below, 
lOvoi' tlio liou30-tri|»a, over tlie Blreet, 
Over Uit' Iieiuls of tbe iienple you meet, 


Skiiuming along. 
Uoimtifiil snow 1 it Clin ilo nolliiriE wrong. 
Flying U) kiaa n fair bi ly's clieek. 
Clinging to liiia in a froHc.tome fienk ; 
Seiiiilirul snow Trom tlie lienvm^ above. 
Pure ii!< an angol, and liokle an love! 
■Ohithpsno V, lliu lioaiitiful snow! 
■How the Hakes c'ltlur iirtd InuKb sis tliey K«. 
.WIiirliiK about in their mu'ldd'ing fun. 
Xi phiye iu Itj glee with overy one— 
Clinaing, ' 


It lights on the Tufe and sparkU's the eye. 
■And even the dog < with a bark and a linnnd, 
.Sniipa at Iho crystals that eddy around I 
jThe town is dive, and ila beartin si glow 
To wi'kome the coming of beautiful snow. 
,How L JB wild world goes s wnyiiig Jilong, 
HailiUK c.icli otlirr with humor and song! 
Bow the g.L> sk'ilges, like meteors Hash by. 
Bflglil for a ninuiiMit, the ii lost lo llie eye ! 

j Danhing tboyco, 

.Over tho crest o( Itie benuliful snow: 
Snow so iinre when it falls from the sky. 
'To be tnimpli^il in mud by th,-^ crowd rushing by 
To bo irauiided and tracked by the thouEiinds of 
• ' fuet, 

■Till it, blonds with the Illth of the horrible 
I atn'el, 

Once 1 \vi\3 pure aa the snow, but I fell- 
Full like a snow-llake, from, lieaven to ball ; 
Fell to be trampled a- lilth in the street; 
Fell to be scu(Ie<l, tu be spiton iiud beat ; 


Dreading to die; 
Selling my'Soul to who6V"r would buy; 
'Dealing in shame for a morsel of bread; 
'Hitting tlie living, and fearing the dead. 
Merciful God! have I falifu so low? 
I And yet I was once like this beautiful anuw. 
Once I,wa9 fair us the beautiful enow. 
With an eye like ils crystals, a Ueait likeils 

Once I WHS loved for my innocent grace. 
Plattored andsouglit for the charm of my face, 
, Fallier. 


Sisters all. 
, God and niyself I have losi by my falll 
The vefifSt wretch that goes shivering by 
Will make ii wide sweep lest I wander too iiigli, 
■por uti tfiiit i ■ on or about nie, I know 
Tbeie's nothing pure but the beautiful anow. 
How strange it should be that this beautiful 


Should fall on :l sinner with nowhere toga! 
.How strange it should bs when lugbt comes 

If the snow and the ice'struck my desi'date brain! 


Dying alone, 
Too wicked fur prayer, too weak for my moan 
'To be heard iTi tlie crash of thecrav.y town 
'Gone mad in its joy at the snow's couung down. 
To lie Mnd to die in my terrible woe, 
WllU a bed and a shroud of the benutiful snow. 
"Helpless and foul as the trampled snow, 
Siiiner, despair not! Christ stoopeth low 
To rescue the soul that is loit in its sin. 
And raise ii to life and enjoyment agai i. 


Dying for thee, 
The cruciQi;!! bung on the aceur-ed tree, 
His accents of men.'y fell soft on thine ear. 
la there mercy formeV Will bo heed niyprayer'r 
God! in the stream that for sinnei-s did Ihnv 
Wash me aLid I shall be whiter than snow. 


Sl'URGEON. the great liuglish preacher, 
aiiid on one occasion; "I have ao fuith in 
that woTuau who talks grace and glory abroad 
and uses no soap at home. L«t the buttons be 
OD the sliirt, let theeliildren's aocks be mended, 
let the roast beef be done io a turn, let the 
house he lis clean as a new pin, let the home be 
as happy as can be, and there will be room for 
those little deeds of love and fuith which, in my 
Master's name, I seek for you who love Hii 
appearing, S-rve God by doing common ac- 
tion iu n heavenly spirit, and then if your daily 
calling only leaver you cracks Rod crevices of 
time, (ill the^e up with holy service. To use the 
aposile's words: '.\s we have an opportunity 
let us it good unto all men." " 


IF you speak ILe right word at the right mo- 
ment; if you are careful to leave people 
with a good impression; if you do not tres[)ass 
ou the righta of others; if you always Ihiiik of 
oi hers as well as yourself; if you do not put 
yourself unduly forward; if you do not forget 
the courtesies whicli beloug to your position, 
you are euie (o accomplish more in life, which 
others, with equal abilities, fail to do. This is 
where the race is not to tlie swift, uor the bat- 
tle to the strong. Ifcis where you make people 
feel that you are unselfish and honorable, truth- 
ful and sincere. This is what society is looking 
for in men, and it is a^touif>hing how much meu 
are able to win lor self-respect and usefulness 
who possess these qualities of good breeding. — 
It is aboat the turning point of succcas iu prac- 
tical life.— ^IHOH. 


^pUERE BrL- few persons who are not con- 
■ X scious of having wronged their fellow meu. 
They may dispute it, question it, or deny it, ,but 
they know that it is true nevertheless. The 
question then arises, whut should be done? 
There are many who know the wrong but will 
not udniit it; there are others stilt who both 
know and admit the wrong doing, but who take 
no 9t«ps toward repairing the mischief they 
have wrought, or undoing the wrong which 
they have doue. 

Strictly speaking, the wrong act done cau 
never be uuduue; the wrong word said can not 
be unsaid; but no man who has been guilty of 
wrong should r^st :<atisfied until he has done his to make suitable reparation. If he has 
wronged his neighbor pecuniarily, let bim make 
restitution, not iu scrimped and scanty measure, 
but lihfirally and heartily aud ungrudgingly. 
Let himrestora fourfold. If he has said wrong 
things, let hint promptly and opealy recall 
them. Let hia apologies be as distinct and 
hearty as his accusations have been. Let him 
in u mauly aud Christiau way, so far as in him 
lies, remove alt occasion of grief or grievance. 
Let him see to it that the false impressions that 
he has given be corrected, that the slanders 
which he has uttered be recalled. Thus, and 
thus only can he win back the love he has for- 
feited, and hope to receive the blessing of the 
Lord whom he has offended. — The Christian. 

The above contains a truth that applies to 
us all. It is a lesson that we can all profit by. 
There are many times in our lives that we say 
or do something that may wound the feelings ot 
others, and wht^u we are conscious of it, we 
should be honest and humble enough to go to 
the offended party aud ask to bef'orgi?eu aud 
do liU in our power to make everything right, 
if we try to conceal our wrongs will they re- 
main bidden'!* and iu so doing will we be hap- 
py':* Nay; our inongs will be revealed, and we 
shall lie unhappy too. Is it maaly, aud does it 
exhibit moral courage to refuse to make the 
wrong right':" It is a grand characteristic of a 
Christi'au when he endeavors to settle all griev- 
ances and goes kindly to the offended ones aud 
asks pardon. Christians are Christ-like. If we 
wish to be obedient children wilt we not do as 
He baa bidden? If we do this, oh how mauy a 
beart-ache we will save ourselves and others. 
There is no time to hate in this world- Let us 
love I'Ue another in deed and in truth. 

Wealthy A. Clabke. 

Lomirh, III. 



From Tiberias to Tyre, 

ON Monday, Jnue 9th, we broke up our camp 
at Tiberiiw, and started in the i i 'ection of 
the Midiierranean sea. Our first objective point 
was Mt. Tabor, which is about twelve miies 
south-west from Tiberias; but when we had 
gone abuut tour miles we turned a little to the 
right , in order to ascend the hill called the 
Mount of Beatitudes, or the scene of the sermon 
the Mount. It rises about two huudred feet 
above the plain to the south and south-east of 
it, and it is quite a conspicuous object in the 
vicinity; but it is too steep and rogged to have 
vered well for the scene with which it is 
associated, while there are hundreds of others 
which would have answered better. It was se- 
lected without reason in the period of the crn- 


We approached Mt. Tabor ou its north-east- 
ern side, where the ascent takes place, we rode 
through the finest grove ofo&k (rets in all I 
Palestine. It covers an trea of several square 
miles at the base of the mountain, and an infe- 

rior growth of the same wood covers the moun- 
tain on that side to its summit, while ils others 
are bare or nearly so. The trees have too low 
u growth to be s'ery valuable fur timber, and 
they would furnish an inimeuHe amount of val- 
uable firewood. The grove belongs to a rich 
merchaut in Beirur, who has had the good 
sense to preserve it from destruction. 

We climbed to the top of Mt. Tabor by a 
7.iz-zag pathway so steep iu many places as to 
try thestreugthandagility of our horses. From 
the plains below, aud Irom surrouudiug bights, 
the mountain's sides aud top have a rouudbd 
appearance like a section of a sphere; but when 
you reach the top, you find an almost level 
area about half a mile iu extent in every direc- 
tion. Tradition, at an early period, fixed on 
this as the mount of transfiguration, and con- 
sequently the Greeks aud the Latius have each 
a monastery here, aud each building covers the 
sacred spot where the transfiguration took place! 
Thecouuluaiou reached by all scholars of the 
present day, that thia grand event occurred, uot 
on Mt. Tabor, but ou Mt. Hermon, disturbs 
not iu the least the tranquility of the:4e stupid 
monks, nor the faith of the superstitious pil- 
grims who go to these convents to pray. 

The view from the summit ofMt. Tabor, 
201S feetabove the sea level, is one of the finest 
I bat we enjoyed in Palestine. It includes many 
of the places made famdiar by the Gospel nar- 
rative?!, and as we gazed upon them from our 
perch on a ruined tower of the ancient wait, 
which once inclosed the mountain's top, mem- 
ory was busy with the scenes of the Savior's 
toilsome life. It added something to the iin- 
pressiveuess of the scene to remember that the 
wall on which we stood was erecttd by the his- 
torian Josepbus, iu preparation for that fiuul 
struggle against the Uoajaus which led, as Je- 
sus had predicted, to the downfall of the Jewish 
nation. The names .Jesus aud .losephus, lunat 
ever he intimately connected iu the Christian 
mind, from the fact that the latter, though uu 
unbeliever, recorded with fidelity so many 
events which were plainly predicted by the for- 

Sonth of Mt. Tabor, across a beautiful valley 

about four mil^s wide, rises a mountain called 
by the Arabs, Jebel Duhy, aud by the Chris- 
tians, little Herra'ju. Looking toward it from 
Mt. Tabor, you see at its fuot on your leff, the 
village of Eudor, where lived the witch con 
suited by tiau!; and on your right, the village 
of Nain, in which Jesus raised from the dead 
the widow's son. How different in character 
these two events, to have occurred in two adja- 
cent villages 1 Thus the good aud the evil are 
crowded together, the world over. Wo visited 
tbo'te two villages, iu oVder to look around aud 
meditate upon the events they commemorate. 
Endor never was, perhaps, much more than it 
is now, a village of huts inhabited by the poorest 
of people; but Nain, in the time of Jesus, was 
a walled town, aud there are ruins in it, as well 
as some interesting rock h^wn sepulchers just 
west of it, which prove it to have been once a 
place of some importance. It was probably to- 
ward the sepulcbers just mentioned that the 
widow's son w^ beiug borne, when Jesus, com- 
ing into the town by the western gate, met 
the procession, and gave life to the widow's 
heart by giving life to her only son. Sue Luke 
vii. 11-lT. 

From Naiu we rode directly to Naaareth, 
distant about seven miles iu i\ northwesterly 
direction. The first five miles led across a more 
western part of the same plam we had crossed 
iming from Mt. Tabor to Eanor, a section 
of the plain of Esdraelon. From the edge of 
this plain our path led up a hill fifteen huudred 
feet high, and so steep that it took us twenty- 
five minutes to climb it. In a half hour more 
we reached the city wherein Jesus spent much 
the-greater part of his short life. 

Nazareth is built idong the south eastern 
slope of a ridge which is not less than 300 feet 
high. It is a long aud narrow town, stretching 
from north-east to south-west along the foot of 
the ridge, and rising about half way to its sum- 
mit. Its population numbers about six thous- 
and, atl Christians: that is, they are Greek aud 
Latin Catholics, with a very few Protestants. 
At the north-eastern end of tlie town the 
Greeks have a convent in which they show the 
very place where the au^el Gabriel appeared to 
Mary to annoiiuce the birth of Jesus. She bad 
gone to the spring to get some water, aud the 
spring is under the stone floor of the convent. 
They prove this to you by letting down a littl e 
silver bucket through a round opening, aud 
drawing for you a drink of cajl water. At the 
opposite end of the town the Latins have their 
convent, and iu it they too show the very spot 
lere Gabriel appeared to Mary. It was iu the 
kitchen where she did her cooking. You can 
see tiie place where she built the tire, and the I 
pla:e where the smoke escaped through the j 
ceiling; aud of course you ought to believe what 

is told you, Titay also show you Jo^nph's car- 
penter shop: aud if yon will c'lve enough -iit'lk-- 
shish I think they will db-tw you nuy pluca you 
ciui cull for connected with the lifa of Jesus. 
J W. McGauvev. 


- rom Dillsburg, Pa. 

Di(ir Biethnu:— 

BROTHER C, U. Lint of Meyeradale, Pa., has 
been with us for two weeks, and intends 
remaining for several days yet. His appoint- 
ments were principally at Shepherdstown, but . 
he preached iu nearly all our meeting-houses, 
aud had large aud attentive congregations. He 
certainty has preached the word faithfully. 
H. Beelmajs". 

From Moore's Store, Va. 

Ik-ar Brt-fhre,,.— 

IN No. 47 B. at W., I notice an article, "The 
Way to be Happy," which I wrote over ten 
years ago, aud was then published in the Gos/iel 
Visitor oyer the initials, D. H. It now appears 
with another name as the author! When will 
plagiarism cease? Why cannot writers who 
copy the writings of others give proper credit, 
or state it was selected? Let others take warn- 
ing, fraternally yours, 

Daniel Hays. 

From Winchester, Ind. 


BROTHER E Brasou, of Delaware county, 
and brother 0. F. Yount of Miami county 
Ohio, closed a series of meeting.^ here this morn- 
ing. Ten were added by baptism and one by 
letter, and others almost persuaded. There are 
but few members here aud this wai the first 
meeting of the kind ever betd here. We would 
be glad to have more brethren come and preach 
as we believe much good could be done. May 
the good seed sown be as bread cast upon the 
waters, and may God bless the brethren for 
their labor among ns. Jacob Kdijiel. 

From Laporte Co , Ind. 

ON Suuday, the last day of November, Bro. 
Jesse Calvert reached us and commenced 
a series of meirtings, and closed last night, hav- 
ing preached thirteen eerinons. Seven were 
added by baptism and two restored. On Satur- 
day night,previous to the commencement of our 
meeting » sister came and was bapti/.ed that 
uight. Seven of the above mentioned, were 
bapti/.ed aft-er Si-rvices last night, witnessed 
by the light of numerous lanterns and torches 
by the entire audience, which followed us to the 
water. Almost breathless silence pervaded the 
large audience, while one by on<^ they were 
buried to walk in newness of life. Howsolemn 
and yet how beautiful the scene! I was made to 
thiuk of the jailer and his household. 

Thuhston Milleb. 
Dec. Slh. 

A Minister Wanted,— Who Will Go? 

THE member! living near the Blue Hitis, 
Mitchell Co., Kansas, desire that some 
good, humble minister move among them. 
There are now thirteen members and good pros- 
pects for more soon. They now belong to the 
South Osborne church. H. W. Landis and John 
Fuller are miuister^i, but are twenty-five miles 
awav from this little flock. Brother M Preun- 
inger will give a brother a good chance in 160 
acres of land close to school-house for S500, 
100 ill hand, 150 by July nent, 250 in four 
years aud six months at ten per cent interest. 
If one wants to buy there are other'lands too. 
.Jobs Forney, Sex". 

From Bro. A. F. Deetcr, 

THE little Limestone congregation, Kansaa 
met in council on the I3th inat. Three 
tions by letter. Christian Shular, wife and 
daughtt^r from Logan county, Ohio, also Bro. 
Jacob Shular was with us. These brethren 
have come to the frontier (o help us. We be- 
lii=ve they are good soldier*. Pray for us who 
are out on the frontier. I am glad the frontier 
missioji work is not forgotten, I hear brother 
SwitMr has gone to Iowa, thence to Mo., to 
work up an intereit in this direction. Brother 
J, L. let us hear from yon throogh the B. at 
W. When do you expect to be at home ? 

Jan. 6 

aT-XE ]3B;ETHK3h:jS" .vt avokic 

Very Good, Indeed. 

AKGW practiail hiut^ in No. i7, volmrie 4. 
1>V W. E. Ltckard, ought to be sterco- 
tyijiil iiiiii priutod \>y tlio iiiillinns, or coiji^d 
by evt^ry iJiiper in tliR lami. HI could hiiintlt' 
tUe piu ui foraierly. I wuuld like to cumineut 
OD it., ii-i it cdiituiiiM a viist (tiuoiiut ot vKluablcfl 
timt oii^lib Dut to be lost. It id tlii^ itiipru|ier 
ine iiiiideoiediiciitiun, or ratbtr the abuse ol'it 
tliut I1U.S caused NO niauy to be opposed to it; but 
I RDi it-;riuiided to look lor better tbitigs, 


From Brownsville, Mo. 

ICOMMEN'CED ni^p-iug near Cumbri-lg.', 
on the Missouri nvcr bottom \v\vti- tbo 
Urethrt-u had novi^r prrfuuhed. Quite a uiw'yn- 
ity of the people kuew vory little iibout n~. I 
preacJieti three di^coiirsiv-i and ua acuonut i>t llie 
incleuieiit weather uud diirk ni-rbts I uloded tliu 
meeting with a prumisti to go brick iw ooou us 
pfisaible and bold a series of meelinga. There 
were three applications lor baptisni. Vt'e think 
there is a lair prospect for starting a cliurcb 
there. A brother and sinter have been living 
there for some years. The principal opposition 
to meet i** fr-)iu tli; old auhuol Baptists, and as 
I wa9 rai^td under tlie inllueiice of that pprmia- 
wion and posU-d in tbeir doctrine, T am some- 
what prepared to munai!'- tliem, I leit a. miin- 
ber of book^, pamphlets and trai-ts witli the 
people to read until I sliall rt-turu. 

D. L. \\'lLI,IA.M8. 

From the Manor Church. Pa. 

TS/'E met in quarterly council on the KUb of 
1 1 December, ami much love and liarniouy 
seemed to prevail. It bfcniuo the duty of the 
meeting tn yrant letters of rer-pninieudalion to 
two of oar deacon bretliren and their wives 
who expect to leave us. This ia always piinful, 
for when those who are leaving have endt-ared 
themselves by a I'aitbfiil discliarge of their 
Christian duties, we I'eel ii3 it their aid could 
not well be dispensed with, and if the contrary 
should bH the case the sorrow would be of a 
divper liind, Oue of the families will go to 
reinforce the army buttling against the storms 
in Kansiis, while the others will cast tiieir lot 
with the brethren in Illinois. lu losing a num- 
ber of members there is oiie cause for rejoicing, 
andjtbat ia, they are not all lost to the good 
cause, and we feel that tiiey will labor to build 
up the Master's cause in other places. 

Joseph Holsoitle. 

From Lowell, Michigan. 

I LEFT home on the 7th of Novemhur, to 
attend a council meeting with the church 
in Gratoit county. On the Sth, metiu council, 
where we had expected that either elder Mdler 
of Woodland, or Fryfogle of Suufit^td, would 
meet with us to hold a choice for more officers 
in the New Haven church, hut failing to have 
iuaihfcance wd had to postpone the work. One 
brother was restored to the fold again. All 
aged sister requested the anointing which was 
attended to with much comfort to her. Then 
we went over to Ut. Cjlm Co., preached twice 
ill the Baptist Church. Here tve led W. H 
Roose into the flawing stream and baptized 
him. Some of our Baptist friends said, that if 
they could be more fully convinced of the tri- 
une form in baptism they otherwiie are fully 
agreed with us. Many gave us a hearty good- 
bye nud asked us to return again. From here 
we went fifteen miles north-west to Mc.Brides, 
where three members live, and had three meet- 
ings with good order and attention. Usached 
home Nov. 17th. Geo. Long. 

From Flora, Ind. 

SIXTEEN were Jsaplized and oue restored 
at our meeting, and since, sis more have 
concluded to leave the sinful pieasuros of this 
world and travel with us to the celestial city. 
One of the last named, a youth of sixteeu, was 
taken very sick, and the physician said his ca!e 
was very doubtful. He became very much 
concerned about his soul's salvation. He wan- 
ted to be buptt/,:d, and in the evening I was 
sent for to hapti/.i; him. \Vhen I arrived, be 
said, "I want to be baptized, I must soon die 
and I want to go to my Uttlo sisters. Will you 
baptize me?" ^Ve then made ready, placed him 
ill a ■'ood bed in a spriug-wagon and started to 
the water, a distance of two and a half miles, 
and in the stillness of the night, I baptized 
him. Ue stood it well and is now getting bet- 
ter aud rejoices in the thougbtof being prepared 
for death. 

Young people, take warning, and come to 
Jesus now. Jesus invites yon to come; the 

brethren and sifters would be glad to see you 
come, and the arjgels in heaven will rejoice. 
Chuisti\n Lesh- 

From Eureka, Calif'irnia. 

IDEEUitmy duty to write to you of the 
inogress of the Brelliren in this part of 
California. Owing to diverse inHuencea that 1 
experienced I deemed it my duly to go to work 
in my Ma'^ter's cause. The fourth Sunday in 
July last I delivered a lecture and continued up 
to the 26th of October, when Eld. Jonathan 
Myers arrived, hj' my rerjuest. When he deliv- 
ered his first, sermon great interest was nianites- 
ted. He preached nine discourses and haptixed 
ebrveii (lersoiir'. Three of my own family were 
anjoiig the number, which constituted a union 
ofluve to God in our homo. Brother Myers 
(irginizcd u» into a body. There were fourteen 
nifnihers. Oor org.ini'AiLtion consisted of three 
deacons aud two minislcis. Wo bad a Love- 
fea-t at my bouse, and the love of God was shed 
abroad in the hearts of all which gave us great 
strength. Brother and sister Myers left here 
the 27th of Nov, for their home in Oakland. 
J. W. Crowi.ey. 

From Elmwood, Nebraska. 

iMir Brethren:— 
'pHE bundle of Tracts you sent me wereglad- 

X ly received and distributed with pleasure 
and I ihink with jiroKt. In September as Bro. 
.Je-su Y. Heckler wa* on his way to a Love-feast 
iu D^d-;e county, be stopped with a Swedish 

li.<pli>t, -.iiul had some conversation with bim 
on the ordinance^, which was new to him. We 
afterward sent hira Tracts, aud 1 called with 
him aud gave him some more Danish Tracts, 
which are so near their own language that the 
Swedes have considerable satisfaction with 
them, A Baptist friend of his called with him 
and read the Tracts and got brother Heckler's and came forty miles to hear more of 
the way aud was bapti/.'-d before lie went home. 
I gave him more Tracts fi,>r himself and breth- 
ren, and be soon wrote for Jesse to come and 
preach for them. He, brother "Wax.. Price of 
Beatrice, and myself went up and held two meet- 
ings with them, and found tbem -/.eaionsly in- 
quiring after the truth, but say they understand 
the Tracts better thau our speaking, so we sei" 
some of the fruit and the need of more, if yon 
have tbein to distribute free among the people. 
I have not many to spare myself. Now if you 
can send me some Tracts I will try to do good 
with tbeiu. Nathanikl Wilson. 

Annual Meeting. 

Till'! understanding between (be committee 
of arranyementa and myself that I attend 
to all the railroad business east of Chicago is 
hereby made public. I will make all the neces- 
sary arniugements iu ample time, and as noth- 
ing is more annoying than two or three telling 
the same thing in a. dillnreut way, it is respect- 
fully submitted that uo unauthori/sed person 
make any proposition, or set afoot any excursion 
busine.^s for the occasion on any line east of the 
city. By total supervision aud bargaining I 
can do better than if hampered by various bid- 
ders. I want to have the excursion so arranged 
that the East can visit the West for weeks pre- 
vious to A. M., and leave a liber.1l time atler 
with stop otF's and a return, at no increased 
cost. Via. Niagara Falls when it is so desired. 

Whde I want to do all the actual business, 
taikiug with the heads of the ticket depart- 
ments, I want suggestions and advice from 
everybody interested right along, and in order 
to malic myself clear,tbo following explanations 
will help the ".ntelligent reader: The excursion 
tickets will be printed for the occasion and 
sent only to those stations where * nyera are 
sure, aud as this question will be asked it will 
greatly facilitate despatch if the members east 
of Chicago will drop me a line telling if they 
expect to attend A. M, and what station on 
what railroad they will start from. Last A. M. 
but one solitary ticket was sold from Pittsburg 
while iu one day fifteen hundred were sold from 
Harrisonburg- What I want to know ahead 
is, what places along the various lines will the 
business likely be from. It is cheaper to write 
than to pay a couple of dollars local fare from 
your nearest station to where tickets will be 
sold, as uy writing, tickets can be sent to your 

stlltion. HOWAHD MlLt.£It, 

From Ft, Defiance, Va. 

OX the morning of the 27th of November, in 
company with brother D. Yount, we 
started for Highland county, about sixty miles 
distant. After two days driving across the 

mountains aud valleys we arrived at place of 

We found the people sociable and willing to 
do all iu their pjwer to make strangers com- 
fortdble and happy. There are no brethren 
living in this immediate vicinity. We had six 
meetings in a small school-bouse, during which 
two were luadH willing to enter the fold. An 
aged iU^ithoJiit brother remarked on leaviug 
the water, while tears triulded down ovtr Ins 
furrowed cheeks, 'That reminds me of a bury- 
ing." Others said, "That is what we call bap- 
tism." There were a good many spjetators 
present, and only one or two h;id ever seen 
our modo of baptism admiuistereJ- The doc- 
trine Oi the brethren was nevf to most all as 
they had never prcdchtd iu this locality belore. 
although the majority of persons, after becom- 
ing acquainted , with the doctrine, favor the 
Brethren. We liud here a large scope of terri- 
ory, extending westward, where the Jirethreu, 
are very little known. Truly we can say, ''The 
harvest is great, hut the laborers are few." 

Fraternally, J. W. Click. 

From Jesse Calvert. 

(PHE HKeting at Laporte closed hist night, 
1 December Sth. The members are scat- 
tered aud it was inconvenient for the most of 
them to attend the meeting, and wo did not 
have large audiences duriug the day. Tlie peo- 
ple around the church are much divided in 
religious Sf-ntiment; but little hopes of building 
up much of a church here. We did the best m^ 
could aud tried to do some good. Siweu were 
baptized aud two reclaimed. I hope rbe minis- 
ters will visit and preach for tbem. Eld Isaac 
Miller did not attend the meeting at all on ac- 
count of age, and allliction of the family he had 
with him. Eld. Tliurston Miller is feeble aud 
notable to do much preaching, but is willing. 
The two other uiiniHteriug brethren, Shreeves 
and R'^dniug, are very zealous laborers, but 
would much desire the brethren to come aud 
help them. 

From Bro. David Brower. 

])r,tr Brrlhrcn:— 

LEFT homo Oct. 25th, and have been trav- 
eling aud preaching in Washington and 
Idaho Territories. I am how holding a serie? 
of meeting nine miles south of Walla ^Valla 
city, W. T. My health is very good and has 
been since I left home. I have obtained thirty- 
three subscribers for the B. at W, You may 
think I am making alow progress but we have 
not th*^ same opportunity on the Pacific coast 
tliat our brethren have in the Atlantic States, 
from the fact that we a3 a [leople are not well 

Reply to Jesse Y. Heckler. 

Dear Brnth-r:— 
\/"0U talk of the "people who lately lied from 
X the land of bondage and oppression." Visit 
the country of which yon speak, go into the 
legislative halls and Senate chambers, court 
rooms and election precincts, and you will 
learn that these people are as free before the 
law, aud their rights, civil and religious, as well 
protected as yours, or any others in any part 
of this nation. They are no more oppressed 
than their eiiuals of other races in this or other 
parts of the United States. The facts are that 
if there is one class more highly favored than 
another it is the colored race, for while they are 
an indolent and improvident people, paying 
scarcely any taxes, loafing around public pla- 
ces, working comparittvely little, their children 
are growing up in idleness, and are educated 
with the means drawn from their more prov- 
ident neighbors. In a word I will affirm that 
the people with whom they have been brought 
up, and among whom they live, "in this land 
of bondage'' are t'leir best friends and will exer- 
cise patience with them, Fred Douglass was 
right when he said that "the exodus of his peo- 
ple from the South was unwise and fraught 
with unhappy consequences." 

But as they are now there the best thing you 
can do for them is to have them as much as 
possible distributed among the white population. 
Try to keep them at work, pay them iiberalh, 
aud keep theu fr^m loafing if you can, other- 
wise if they are left to congregate together and 
thrown upon their own mauagement, and do 
uot dwindle into poverty, ruin and disgrace, 
they will have to rise above experiments of a 
similar kind madeheretofore;examples of which 
might, if necessary, be given What I say u 
the result of a life-long observation upon th: 
history of that race throughout the nations of 
the earth, beginning with their nalive countr}-, 
and following them throughout the world 
wherever found. Their origin is a mystery, 

their history interesting, aud, like the uative 
American, tlieir destiny is a problem that re- 
3iaiu3 to be solved. B. F. Moouaw. 

From McBridcs, Michigan. 

AS I have been a constant reader of the B. 
AT W. for some time I hnve become veiry 
much attached to it as it has been the cause of 
me changing my manner of life I can see that 
wj ara looked down iipju on all aides hut 
we do not expect anything else m wy (wife 
and I) are surrounded on all sides by al- 
most heathens and disbelievers or pretend to 
be, but we will, by the help of God, work out 
way through and eeek uot the ways of the un- 
righteous but go unto the Lord Jesus for our 
comfort aud happiness, for be ia I he way of our 
salvation, and there is none other source in 
which we can put our trust. We hope that 
we can get away from this place of idolatry 
and covetousness. We had one or two meet- 
ings here on the 16ch of this month and waa 
well pleased with the sermons that were deliv- 
ered by brother Long of Lowel. We feel that 
we ought to have more of the Uuspel preached 
here. We hear of so many buviiii; such good 
meetings and here we are in Hm pine woodfl ao 
far from any church. Our nearest church ia 
eighteen miles .'iway, and it we want to hear 
the word preached wo have to pay at least two 
dollars for a conveyance, hut rather than not 
go 1 will hire a conveyance, fur wu must go to 
meeliug. Wc hope that some brother will 
wend his way here and stay awhile for we have 
a di-ar father and mother that, have uot found 
the way to the Lord. \\'<' ask the prayers of 
all the dear brethren and sisters, fur only those 
who have been placed in the same position, 
know anything about how lonely it is to be 
away from the brethren, We hear of so many 
going so far to preach and where there are min- 
isters, to.>. Did Christ dwell among the saints 
for fear ot persecution ? Pray for us that we may 
hold out faithful. M. B, Reoisteh, 

Patience in Affliction, 

THE apostle James holds forth patience aa a 
very necessary qualification for the Chris- 
tian to possess under all circumstances. Job 
possessed Ibis beautiful grace iu a very remar- 
kable degree. The Lord is very pitiful and of 
teuder mercy. The seed in the good ground 
are they which iu an honest and good heart, 
having heard the word keep it, aud bring forth 
fruit with patience. James nays the trying of 
our faith worketh patience. "Be patient in 
tribulation." — Romans I'i; 12. Wicked and 
unreasonable men abound in the world, and 
perhaps also in the Church, and our path of 
duty is ofteu beset with present dilhcultiea and 
dangers, yet let no one recede from present do- 
ty nor yield to despair. We may be tempted to ■ 
flee, like the prophet Jonah, from our proper 
work. "For this is thank worthy if a man for 
conscience towards God endure grief, suffering 
wrongfully. For v/hat glory ia it when ye be 
bullettt^d for your faults ye shall take it patient- 
ly? But if when ye do well and sulfer for it ye 
take it patiently this is acceptable with God." — 
1 Peter, 'J; 19-^0 No man can, iu any condi- 
tion in life, pass his days with comfort without 

Dear brethren and sisters, we ought all. to 
try to possess more ot this great aud gloriotw 
Christian grace. "Let none of us be slothful, 
but followers of them who through faith and 
pali^nce inherit the promises." "Be patient 
towards all men. See that none render evil for 
tvil unto auy man; but ever follow that which 
is good, both among yourselves and to all men." 
I do believe if we possessed more patience all 
schism and side issues would soon disappear. — 
We sometimes see what a vast amonut of 
tronbte one man can make for others and still 
more for himself, all for the want of patience, 
"My brethren, count it all joy when ye fall iuto 
divers temptation.s; knowing this that the try- 
ing of your faith worketh patience. But let 
pitience have her perfect work that ye may be 
perfect and entire, wanting nothing. Be pa- 
tient unto the coming of our Lord Jeans." 

Thomas G. SsyDBE, 

What is miuistering? It is handing over the 
morning paper to another for first penisiil. It 
IS vacating a pleasant seat by the fire for one 
who conies in chilled. It is g^iug op the moat 
restful arm-chair or sola corner lor one who }s 
weary. It is "moving up" in the pew to Jet 
the new comer sit down by the entrance. It ia 
rising from your pla^ to darken the bliud 
wtien the sun's ray streams in too brightly 
upon some face in the circle. It is giving your 
own comfort and convenience every time for 
the comfort and convenience of anothe'r. ThJB 
is at once true courtesy and real Glinatianity, 


d^orijiirl ^ucccriii. 

Amu tlicy timt he wisu .iJiiUI Bliine as tli> 
brigiitufaHul till- tlrmiiuit^uti and iJiey Dial turn 
■iau> lu inflilAtoUBUuaa. ua thu slurs fi>rever uiiU 

LaDark, 111. — Uae precious soui was added lu 
the cljurcb by baptism on iSunday, 2lst ol Dec. 

Clear Creek Church, HI.— Biotlier Mfiiiiu 
9tuutli;r pr<;u(.'h(^d Mtru t-ermcns here, and one 
tuok up tlie cross to fulluw the Lord Jesus. 

Shlppensburg, Pa— At the Btono meelinc- 
boune UKur LIilh plate teu voluuteered to put ol 
the aruiorol the liord. Bro. J M, MuLler a.**- 
BisttJ the brellireo in the miuintry. 

Riohland, 111. — Our f« in November was a 
Tery plei«aut one. Br.'threii bym and G<-p!iart 
Were with us, BrO Lyon remained Hudlahorrd 
for ui*. Three soula were bapii^d and two 
recluiuied. Two deacons were eleiiicd. 

S. M. FoKNEX. 
Orbana, ill,— Closed mtftinga wilh six bap- 
tized Bud two added by letter. Ooiug to Ml.- 
MorriH to remain a tew days. Tiventy-wx 
ailditiims iu Cliampnign county during our 
meetiiigB. After Jatiuiirv Ut, niy address ivill 
bu Cf rru G-jrdo. 111. D. B. Gibson. 

Burr Oak, Furd Co., 111.— M by is there bo 
miiuli preimlijiig where ihere are clnirchej', uiui 
Dot more iuis.-(iouury work done? The word in 
ila purity Una not been preuclitrd here, yet the 
Lord bus not lorgotteu u-, lor he draws the sons 
and daughters to hinij-elt'. Twu young persons 
bud to go lu Indiana lo be baptized. Tliere an- 
Otliers who lire reiidy to unite with the church 
if a minister we e here to preach. 

Jacoii Furry. 

Miiford. Ind— Attend-d a council meeting 
in lue Yellow River ehurcb. Brother John 
Zellera was ordained. A weries ot meetings wnS 
held. Six were biiptized und one applicant. A 
bright little girl ot"t"eWe summers was among 
the number, miil I aever led an applicant into 
the water that had more zeal thun Hbe mani- 
fested. May the Lord bless the tender lambs 
andeuHblethe old fathers to ieed ihem with 
the sincere milk of the word. 

J. U. Miller. 

Dunkirk, Ohio.— Yesterday I closed a ahort 
series ol meetings at Beech Grove, five miles 
Bontli ot Dunkirk, being the extreme southern 
preaubmg point of Eagle Creek congregation. 
, Preached niue sermons in all. Two worthy 
citiztrns were baptized, and others promised 
soon to follow. The order of the cliurch was 
presented to the applicants publicly, which I 
feel to recouimeud, as iu many places like this, 
the people have not heard or seen it done, and 
therelore doubt that our peculiar tenets of faith 
are based upon the words of Jesua. Bat in 
this way the Scripture can be referred to and 
on explanation made of the same by which all 
can See that we only teach and preach Jesus. — 
On the i27th, we commence a series of meetings 
at Pleasant Hidge, Hancock Co. May God bleas 
the meeting in prospect and bia Zion every- 
where. S. T. BoSSEkUAN. 

Dec. 23ml. 

From Scenery Hill. Pa. 

WE are .still well and enjoying ourselve?. 
Hare visited a number of families since 
we came to this county, and attended a number 
of merting.^, One added to the fold by baptism. 
We will soon leave here for Green Co., remain 
about one week, and then go to Ohio. 

John Wise. 

From Pawnee City, Neb. 

BROTHER James Swilz^r came to us on the 
6th of Dei^ember; preached six sermon> 
and baptized one. On tlie morning of the 10th, 
he and myself left ior Brown county Kansas 
Brother James is soliciting aid for to send 
the Gospel to the members on the frontier of 
Nebraska and Kansas. We think this a good 
work and all ought to lend a helping hand. — 
This \s what is called Turkey Creek Church. 
with a part iu Kansas and a part in Nebraska 
We now number between forty five and fifty 
members Wm. Pdllen. 

■vf.ul.l come Hi.d lal.i>r amont; us. We hope lb 
si'irit of tlieXord may be poured out upnn lln? 
< ongregation, and that many sinners may b" 
iiwakeiied to a sense of their duty, while the 
brethren and sistfn* may be built up iu thai 
most holy faith. May God hapten the day. 
Emily R. Stipi.efi. 



GROWING old! Yes, we are all growing old, 
though we may not have reached our 
niHJnrity. But, is it not honorable to grow 
old ? We should not be asbaniM of our age, un- 
less it be that we have grown old without 
growing wisfi. Age ought to indicate wisdom, 
a ripeness, a preparation for tlie great change 
at the end of this pilgrimage. It does not al- 
ways hearaiich golden fruit. Old age comes on 
many just as comes to some who are not 
pr- pared for its storms and teinpesta. Oid age 
IS honorable if life has been widely spent. The 
golden sunbeams of life have been nicked up by 
thuae wlio, though the eye has become dim o! 
sight, and the ears dull of hearing, have young 
heart.s, and who make pleasant days for those 
arouud them. Growing old! It means that 
heaven is getting nearer; that the crown and 
the final home are only a step away, just be- 
yond the veil in the unseen. Ripe for the eter- 
nal harvest, prepared for the angel reapers and 
tlie garner of the Lord. 

From Duncansville, Pa. 

TO-DAY, (Dec 3Ut..) weajiain met for divine 
worship. Sermon by brother David Sell, 
from 1 Cor. 15: aS. Theme, The resurrection 
of the dead. 

We read of the many happy seasons ofre- 
^shiu'i from tlie Lord in many congregations, 
but a-s yet this Winter the waters have not been 
troubled in this part of the vineyard. We feel 
thiit uuch good might be done if some brother 


AS a rule, it is better to preach the Gospel 
than to argue about it. Tu arouse one'« 
cuuibativeiiess is often the surest way to close 
the avenues to his mind. It is well to pull 
down en or, but it is better to build up truth. 
We trust too much in our ability to argue enor 
out of the minds of men and too little in the 
power ol' the simple word of God to do its work. 
"riie word of Qod is quick and powerful," and 
is not dependent for its success up^n logical 
presentation As much as ever is needed today 
the apostolic injunction, "Preach the Word," 


IP I had another life to live and two thous- 
and letters to write again, with God's help, I 
would not hurt the teelinga of the humblest ot 
all God's creatures honestly trying to do good. 
He might be as big as Daniel Lambert, and 1 
would not call him fut and uuctous; he mignt 
be aa lean as Calvin Edson, and I would not 
call bim a bag of bones. I would count each 
day lost on which I had not made some hearU 
gladder than they were in the morning; on 
which I had not plucked up some thorns, or 
planted some flowers on the path of human life 
No man can so live without enjoying life. Dogs 
will anarl at him, but ivngela are around bim. 
He may never have riches or fame, but belter 
thiin both are friends und God.— iV. 1'. Obser 

Annual Meeting Expenses. 

The following is the report of the Treasurer 

of the fiaance committee of the Annual Meet- 
ing of lS7y, held in Liuville Creek Church, near 
Broadway, Rockingham Co., Va: 

Amount rececived ot district No. 2, Va., §1500- 
00; amount of sale after meeting, §592 38; from 
lot rents, S-1800; from a brother, §100; Received 
of district No. 1, Vj., §<3 413, including $57 OS 
collected at the A. M , §3055 51. 


Bread, 10062 ib-^296.Sli; Lumber, 40,205 feet, 
45820; Brown cotton, 10&2 yards, S640;Cornl 
75 bushels, 37.50; Hardware, 61.S5; Dishes, 
lOJ.US; Grasa, 143.31; Freight, 1029; Chairs 
2 do7.,21.tJ0; Labor. 49 25; Bacon, 953 pounds, 
7S 47; Ice, 11 50; Brick, 2160 and hauling, 2S.- 
20; Hay. 2 ton. 16 00: Printing. 250; Baskets, 
7 50: Crying and clerking sale, 7 50; Dish-wash- 
ar, 25.00; Commissary department, 62.95;' Bag- 
gHge department, 14 50; Timber and firewood, 
27,00; Hauling, 62 31; Mason work, 4.50; Cook, 
>.S7; Police, 67.50; Committee of arrange- 
ment, 125.00; R, R. fare, 2 95; Use of part of 
Kline's farm, 5000; Apple butter, 1214gallous, 
63.25; Butt«r, 1115 pounds, 157.37; Pick/e*, 
396dozin. 39.60; Tinware, 76 95; Beef, 21190 
pounds, SS9 20. 

Total §3.129,95. 

John Zioler, 

We now make full report of expenses of A. 
M. and would have done so sooner, but were 
waiting for District No. 1 to pay her quota of 
expenses. No. 1 district is still back 564.44, 

tlMnuarv G 

'\hich we hope will soon be p.od us the Script. 
or.' Bays, "0,ve IM mail auylhii.g but to hivi 
one another." Brethren's paper*, please copy. 
S. II. Myer8. 

From Bro, Gish, 


RE TURNED home yesterday from a viiil 
to the churches of Liviugj^ton Co, 111.. 
.tccompanied bv G. W. Gish aud J Y. Suavely ■ 
Met the churchss iu council, where matte s 
were carefully investigated aud all things ttet 
tied to the satisfaction of nearly all concerned, 
and we believe with the proper care, the trouli- 
les passed through will no more disturb the 
prosperity of our blesaed cause. 

Danisti Mission Report. 

A sister, Iowa, 5i< 

A hister, " 25 

A sister, by D. H. lud 2 Oti 

Uouticello church, Ind, .... 200 

Indian Creek, Pa 2 0U 

A iirother, Jones Mill-i, Pa,, 5 On 

Btfaver Run church, W. Va 30- 

l"ludson Church, III, a 12 

Piptou. Iowa 1 im 

Sarah Bowman, Ind,. 1 Oil 

D. H. Umer, lOi- 

C. Broiikeos, Oaio, 45 

Mosco^v church, Va 200 

Summit Church, Pa, '■IW 

New Pi.iladelpbia, Ohio, 3 00 

Green M^unt Cliurch. Va 200 

Okaw Church, III 2u0 

Lewis Kimiuel, Ri, 1 00 

Kairview Church, Iowa, 2UU 

Henry Whisler, l.OO 

Mingo Church,*. 5U0 

Sarah Bowman, Ind, 1 00 

Anthony Miller, Ohio, 50 

r. A. Robinson, III .50 

S.M. Diiubar, ind, 1.00 

M. V. Moomaw, Children's Fund, .10 

Emma E. Filburn, 50 

Ella Haines 2n 

d. D. B., 50 

C. P. Rowland, Treasurer. 
Lanark, ni., Nov. 30th. mi). 
(P. C, please eoinj.) 

Dauisb Poor Fund. 

Stephen Butterbaugh, III, 50 

J.K.O 500 

D. H Miner and wife 100 

Emma E. Bjwmau, 25 

Marv E. Bowman, for Bro. Hope's fatuity,. . . 59 
Indian Creek, Pa. 2 OO 

C. P Rowland, Treasurer. 
Lanark, 111. Nov. HOth, itf7y. 
/'. C. Flense Copy. 

Southern Kansas Mission Report. 

Cuna Church, §J.10 

Osage Church, 4 UO 

Neoaha Church, 5 UO 

In last report you gave the Predonia Church 

credit for §34.25; it should have been §4 25. 


Giinietf, Kaiifriif. 

hlin. He left ii wile 11 
Services 4)y the breihr 

f^aUen ^sT^^p. 

OLIVER.— In Macon county, Illinois. August 
13th, '79, sister Eleanor, wife of brother A. 
Oliver, aged 50 years, 3 months and 16 days. 
She was confined to her bed and chair with 
Rheumatism for about 10 yeara. She bore 
her sniffings wTth patience and Christian 
fortitude. Jacob Negley. 

B0WER3.~In Dunkirk. Ohio, Dec. llth, 
'79, Henry A., son of brother A.M. and sister 
C. Bowers, aged 3 years, 9 months and 16 
days. Funeral discouraa by brother E. Bos- 
serman. S. T. Bossermas. 

SAUNDERS.— In Lincoln county, Nrb . Nov. 
25th, '79, Mary A. Saunders, aged 62 years. 
9 months. Funeral discourse preached by 
John Forney, Sen. She was a member of the 
New Light Church, or Bible Christiana. 

HARTER.— In Neosha Co.. Kansas, of con 
gestive chills, Phebe Ella, daughter of broth- 
er Henry and sister Mary Harter, aged 11 
years, and 14 days. Elira Toomires. 

SMITH— In the Salimony Church, Hunting- 
ton county, Ind., Dec. 9th, '79, Alexander 
Smith, aged 29 years and 26 days. Brother 
Smith was a consistent member of the 
church, and was respected by all who knew 

child. Funer.kl 


(PrimHire n,u{ Pmtrker. pl^asM copy ) 
PLANK -0,1 Pretty Praine, LaJrHuge Co,. 
Ind , Deteiiiber Ulh, '79, aged SI jeiirs, 8 
months and 14 dnys. Sue ^ow the m..llierof 
twelve children, ninety grand children and 
one hundred unit three grent graudchildrriii 
The oldest of h^r children is sixty-two, the 
youngest forty. Funeral services by the 
bnthren. fj j-j 3^,^^ 

::^NIDER— Sister Catharine Sn-der wrts h^.ru 
iuB<-dford Co,, I'll., in the jeur I80I «nd 
came to U.niui Co.. «heii a child. She 
was a daughter of David Sludnbaher. and 
grand dinight-ir of Eld. Samuel Ulery of Bed- 
ford county, Pa. She wa- m.rried to Ji.M-ph 
Snider in 1821 and moved to Delaware Co., 
Indiana in 1S35. She and her husband uni- 
ted with the church in Ohio mid lived in iil,d 
three years withtmt hearing the Bretliren 
preach. In the F..11 of 1838 two of the ol- 
dest elders iu the Miami valli^y came to them 
and there were tli.>n al.out tea or twelve 
members (hah had moved in. and lie advised 
tl.^m to hold s.icml me.-tinga, which tl ey 
did fur two year« and six ninths, when 
brother John Younce moved into their mid.-^t 
and organized a church. 

ARTZ.— In tbeGrundv eonnhv Church Towa 

0.t.I3.H, 79, Ba r Lvdia, v?,fe of Ir ther 

Smith Arta. ag^d 55 years, 6 moutha and 29 


Sister Artz was one that was dearly loved by 
the family and all who knfiw ber. We vi-it.d 
her «everiil times during her afll ction and were 
strengthened in the taitb. VVlien the time of 
her dt-partiire drew near h<-r buabund with the 
children and friends gathered around her, and 
she f-aid ''NowJeFus ii- roniing; 1 am grin 
home, so do not weep for in«," Brethn-n and 
sisters, let its try to hoid out fait'tiil. 

J. M .Snvukic. 

Stadant'o Now Testamont Hlstety. 

uut'iun, ^uiir.eciiun ibu lliuiorir of u.o ufu aim M>it 
Tesiftoiflnl. Edue.l l>y IVm. .Smiili. LI.. D Wiih miip) 
nod noo I culH, V2mo. Clolh, fi.W 

Union Biblg Slotlonary.— A Bible Diolionnrj fiving no 
(iccuraiE Bcoouni and .iefloripiion of every plafle, u 

....,.>.....■; ,ivuuuin, «[m licBoripiion 01 evi 
wtll M a liisiory of all pursonB and pla( 
JDIbpItiMc. $1.10. 

HovTunaandHymnSeak.— Half Le^<ihi?r, smgla, po^i 
ptid, $l,:;ji. Cer doiuii, by aipreifl, |l i.m. M ,rn -co, 
BinBlttcopy.poal paid, $1.50. Per Joiun, by oxpr.iaa, 
$14.76. ' f I ■ 

The Perf-:et Plan of Salvation.— Bjj. ll. Moore. : ,:.)p7 

lOceub,; lUcipiM tl.Oti, 
Trnch Trlnnpliailt. —In xix numbers of four pngc? onoh 

I'riii', 1 . .^Ni cauh or SO ccnm per hundred 
Wli7lloEtth«BftptiEt01ilircli— UyJ. w. Sieln. A irMl 

of 16 pages. Jeopie*. lOaia; 41) copies. fl.lW. 
Sabbatlem. — By M. M. K^hcloiaa. Trcals Ibo antibiilli 

que-iiioQ brioflvaod poinieJIy. 16 pages. 10 cuiiia; 

M copied, il.OO. 

One Baptism.— A dialogue ghowlog tbat Irine immerfiJoQ 
19 the oulygroun-1 of union, in bapliani Ihal c*n be con- 
BcieniiouBly occupied by Ibe leading deuominalioiiH of 

Clirialeadom. flyJ.U. Moore, 10 ceola ; Vi copies, il.tW. 

The Throne of SoTid, - from Ihc conKCcraiiaD of (he 
Shepherd of ncihlebem lo (he Rebellion of Prince Ab- 
aa\<tat. By Ihc Hct. J. fl, iDgrilham. LLD. Wilb Gva 
ipendid illunirulioQ. 12roo. Cloih, r^.W. 

Tlie Pillar of Plro ; or Inrael in Boiidagc.— being an lu:- 
louni of ihe Wooderful Scenes in Uib Life of ihe Soa 
<i I'haroaoli'B Uaughler (.Moaes). Together with Pie- 
lureiquedkciehea of Iho HcbreWB under Iheir Tiwk- 
miBttrd. ity Rci. J. JJ. Ingrnhim, LLD, V2mo. ii,W, 

True SvangeliealObodleDae, ila nature and nccesaiiy, aa 
uiughi uiid pnicliced among Ihc Brethren or Ocrinan 
IlaptiatH. By J. W, Slcia, bviam one of bis twenly rea- 
aons for a ehango in eburofi relationa. Price, 15 cent*; 
10 copies SI, OtI. 

PonffiUy'B Guide to Chrlfltlan Baptlio. — Prico 60 

Addi-ess. BRETHItE.V 4T WORK, 

Lniiurk, farroH Ci>., Illlnrtj 

tMl€ff©tt a^ Wattes. 

— — 

A nuTLi prinlnl, 111iulnt«il strklT fm IhfirbililirD, EdlL/^ ut 
iLlLbfl ty J.n. llMro. 

lauao. ^AilnZ.'""^ '' "^P • <*M ■"" « on •» 

J. II. Hoore, Lanark, Carroll Co., HI. 


Tnlulwiv Uaub, Ssmlin «»pt^ ■> (i>ll''n 
D»7 Eiprwi £MP. M. 

D*TEipna IKUP.K. 

MghlEipr™ SM&.U. 

AccumoiwUHoo &uap. U. 

Passengers for Chicago should leave Lanark at 
12:13 F-M.:run lo the We:item Union Junction; 
tiere they need wait but five minutes for the Chi- 
cago, Milwaukee and St. I'aul passenger tritiu, and 
thus reaoh Chicago at 7:45 the same evening. To 
re.-ich Lanark from Chicago; go to FL Wayne de- 
pot, take the Chicago, Xlilwaukee and at. Paul 
trainat five in the evening; run North to the W. 
U. Junetion, change cara for Lanark, and arriv 
here at 1 ;57 in the xaoming. 

The Brethren At Work. 

^^Declm'6 Ye Amoitg the J^^alwns, and Puhlhh, and set up a Standard; Fubh'yh, and Conceal -LV»(."_JFRFMt\u jO 

Vol. V. 

Lanark, III., January 13, 1880. 

No. 2 





D. B.OIUcD, Nuilnrnt, Uo. 
J.,hn Will-, Mollxnr Orj>», H 
J, W. Puulbwood 

iklik, OWt.. D. B- Mri""t. W«J■nc^lm, P» 

Dmlfl V»nlin»B, V1iJ"n. Ill 

I*, Uo. J. S. HoiT, Lollg^non^ Col^j 

nil. III. John Mpligoi, C»mi OunJo, IH 


FniaT I'AOE— Stein and Kay Debate; The Jews; 

Mlnlstflrial Popularity. ' 

Second J'AOE— When I waa Young.— JaB.Y.lIock- 
iBr; Skeptioism, No. 3.— rrof. Smiford ; Matcrial- 
lamof tlie Age. Alex. W.Reese. 

TnittD Taoe— Our Jmirnej Ueaveiiwar^.— Liz- 
zie H. Meyers; De:iLIi in Uiu Pot.-C. F- 1>h • 
welter; AnonymouB Missives. C. n Balabaueh; 
Tdiiai'co in A me ri en .—George StucUmaii ; Scraps. 
D. 0. Uoouiaw. 

FouiiTn Page— Editohials— InternationHl Run- 
dny-3chool Lesaona ; Hell.— IiigersoU Converted. 

FiKTii Page. —EDiToniALS. — History of tlio 
(. .Ill I . 

SiXTnPAOB—Tlie March of Life; Wbatcaii Enh 
it Out; A. Word to Young Liwliea; Angels do 
not (hew; Happiness at Hoine.-.T. G. Snyder 
CliristianSalutation.— S. T, Bo?serman. Six Bi- 
ble Niimes; Salted With Fire.— M. M. B. 

Seventh PAaE-Coniell, m.-N- S. Dale; Rob- 
inson. Knnsas.-W. A. .Taquea; Huntingdon, Ind. 
Samuel Murray; A Silent Worker.'— Mary C. 
Norman; Too Thick to Thrive.-S. Click; Fel- 
lowship Withdrawn. Woostev Church, Ohio.— 
C. Hoover. IhintinKtlom. Pn. Ella J. Brum- 
baugh; Flora l.andon West; From Upton, Pa. 
B. F. Foreman ; The Western Home Missionary 

EionTn Paok— Notice to the Church of the 
Southern Piatrict of llli'iKis O.K. Cish; ' 
Himself.— Michael F. Suavely; Leason Leaves. 
J. F. Eiiersole; J. ittlngs.- Wealthy \. Olavk- 


Prop. 2d. Baptist churches posseas the Bi- 
ble characteriatica which entitle them to be 
regarded a.? churches of Jesus Christ. 

D. B. Ray, Affirms. 

J. W. Steik, Denies. 

D. B. Rav'S FItTH AEflltUATIVE. 

BY failing to answer our question concern- 
iug tlie new birth. Mr. Slein has surren- 
dered this point. He is utterly contused. He 
makes baptism essential to the new birth, hut 
some accountable ainnera may get to heii**i( 
without it! He has baptism as a condition o 
salvation, yet accountable sinners may be saved 
without II ! ! 

1. Without the new birth no accountable 
persons can either see or enter into the kingdom 
of heaven. 

2. The baptism of the Holy Spirit was nev 
er bestowed upon any except the children ot 
Gol. Acts 10: 43-tS. 

3. Our position ou salvation "without works" 
isdi-Sned in the language of Paul. 

i. rt is "without works" "of rigbteousuesf 
which we have done," whether under the law 
or go'ipel. 

Ml". St-iiu complains that we call ou him tu 
prove his "vile and slanderous" charges against 
Baptist i^iurches, or himself stand as "a delib- 
erate and willful slauder>-r." Poor fellow, he 
claims that he is persecuted "for the trulhV 
sakt-! ' Stop, Mr.Stcin, and see what you have 
blindly doue. Wiihout the pretense of proul, 
you have made the following outrageous charg 
es which are known to be as far from t.e Irulb 
as the '"fatht-r of lit^s" could wish: 

1. In your IstNeg you charged thai: "Bap 
ti-it churches" have "Ugal license" to perform 
"Ihe works of the flesh." Gdl 5: 20. What 
did you do that for? 

3. In your 2d Neg. you charged that ; "Bap- 
tist churches are not churches of Christ, because 

they hold that we may do evil, Geht and kill, 
aud^take oaths, that good may come!" Yuu 
know that this is not true. 

3. Also, in your 2d Neg. you deliberately 
charged that: "Baptists by taking oaths" are 
guilty of the "crime of petjury." 

4. And iu your 3d Neg. you charge by in- 
sinuation that 6a|)li3t o. urchea "freely justify 
and fellowship and apologize for" "unbridled 
carnal lusts and passions" — "passions" "rapa- 
cious, ^cruel, and fiendish." 

What did you make such foul charges for? 
We again repeat: you must prme, icilhdraw or 
slam! (IS II vHk and willful slanderer of the 
cliiirrhes of Christ. Do jou suppose that you 
can induce any one of common sense to believe 
these charges? Was Mr. Stein while a pretend- 
ed Baptist guilty of all these crimes? If so, we 
need not be surprised that he now makes his 
throat an "open sepulchre." We "ask him if 
such is the spirit of Christ?" 

We again answer alt his war questions at 
once, by sayinfi;, that Bntpist churches have 
nothing to do with war, with carnal tcmpons. 
We are not to disobey Christ in order to submit 
to the powera that be. Butascitizens we must 
aubmit to the ordinance of God that requires 
the pnnisbuient of evil doers. 

We repeat that Mr. Stein does not believe 
that a want of "orgauic succession" would in- 
validate Baptist church claims. No Baptist 
church "snspfnds its christiauity" upou its 
ability to trace such succession by uninspired 
history. We (rill attend to the historical argu - 
m>-nt when we reach that point. 

Our 9th Argument for spiritual regeneration 
prior to, and independent of baptism and 
church memberahip, is based upon the fact, that 
it barmoni^es the scriptures upon the onlyjilan 
of salvati'iu which is perfectly adapted to every 
case of human necessity. Oar heirship with 
Abraham is not of law: 

"Therefore it is of faith, that it might he by 
grace; to the end the promise might be sure t" 
all the seed, uot to that oulj which is of the 
law, but to that also which is of the faith of 
Abraham who '8 the father of us all." Rom. 
4: 16. 

"Know ye therefore thaVthey which are of 
faith the same are the children of Abraham. 
Gal. 3:7. 

This hbme glorious plan of aalvation that 
saved Abraham, secures the salvation of all be- 
lievers — the spiritual seed of Abraham. If it 
was made to depend upon church membership. 
as Duukurds hold, then some penitent believers 
ivould be lost for want of the opportunity to 
join the church. The promise which is 'eternal 
ife" to all believers would fail to tho-ie who 
:ould not unite with the church. If salvation 
depeudid on baptism, then the promise would 
for the same causes, fail to all the penitent uu 
baptized believers. God was not so unwise a- 
to suspend his "power ou earth to forgive sins," 
upon the physical act of some other siun-jr, 
ho might, or might not, consent to permit 
the Lord to pardon the transgressor. Tliis 
plan ol salvation reachtd the case of Abraham, 
with the patriarchs and prophets; it extended 
to the womi.n that crouched at the feet of the 
Sdvior and the dying thitf on the cross; the 
e "(iieat salvation" saved the apcstles and 
New Testament saints; and the same glorious 
plan of salvation by grace through faith, mu&t 
and will save every accountable sinner that es- 
capes the pollutions of sin and walks th'; sun- 
bright climes of eternal day. Among Ihe lead- 
ing deuomiuations of earth, the Baptists stand 
alone as the unwavering advocates of this Bible 
plan of salvation. 

We may now salely aay I bat this Jirst h ad 
g and Inndameufal Baptiit characteristic, 
uhichd-muiidsspiritnal r generation — llie'new 
birth — and spiritual life a^^ csdeutiti to baptUm 
and church membersh'p is established as a Bi- 
ble characteristic, by overwhelming testimony. 

Our leading proofs remain untouched, whil-? 
the euemy has been thrown into u'ter confusion, 
and forced to surrender hia sand "works of 
righteousness" for salvation. We introduce 

Characteristic II: Baptist churches possess 
the •'one baptisiii" demanded in the Neio Testa- 

Paul says: 

"There is one body, and one spirit, even aa ye 
are called in oue hope of your calling: One 
Lord, one faith, one baptism, one God and Fath- 
er of all, who is above all, and through all, and 
in you all." Eph. 4: 4, 5. 

No one of these seven unities in this pia^ape 
can possibly be three. If we must have three 
baptisms to make "oue baptism," we muat have 
three faiths to make "one faith." The "one 
immersion" of Baptists is generally recognized 
as valid. But Mr. StPin denies. He saya that 
ti^/ZsiiKr, the "baptism" of the above passage, 
"corresponds with Ixiptizo, a frequentative 
Gretk verb. Does he mean that haptisma is a 
frequentative Greek noun? We grant that a 
certain class of Greek scholars, whose church 
rituals demanded three immersions, havo held 
Ixiptizo to be frequentative. They obtained 
this notion from their churches, rather than 
from the use of the Greek language. Liddell 
& Scott have given up this absurd idea, as may 
he seen in the late edition of their lexicon. Dr. 
Ell. RobitiBOn regard.s bnptizo as a frequentative 
in form, but not in fact. The overwhelmiug 
weight of Greek lexicography is now against the 
view that haptiso is frequentative. Even it' the 
verb was a frequentative, the en hap'isma would 
confine us to "one immersion." The Bible says, 
"o/ie immersion," but Mr. Stein has three im- 
mersions/ Shall we obey God, or maui' But 
thj_B frtquentative will prove rather too mnch 
for Mr. Stein.1|He"conlends that "baptizing'" 
must be understood, in the commia,sion, before 
Sou and Holy Spirit. Therefore, he must have 
the commission to read: 

"Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, bap- 
tizing them frequently in the name of the Fath- 
er, and baptizing them frequeatly in the name 
of the Sou, and baptizing them frequently in 
the name ot the Holy Ghost". | 

And as frequently, with him, must mean at 
least three, our friend is compelled to have at 
least nine immersions for his "one [frequently] 
bapti-*m". This will harmonize all the better 
with his washing argument. Are not nine dips 
better for washing out scarlet and crimson sins 
than three? 

But this has Naaman to overdo the matter. 
According to Mr. S., "Naaman dipped him- 
:^eU/rcqueiillij acven times in Jordan" — twenty- 
■^ne limes or more. According to his wrsn- 
ment, our friend is still an unbaptized alien. 
He must have a few more dips; five may do, as 
he has had four already. 

Onr friend aa>8: "A singtedip haa no trinity 
and hence cannot ^-eprtSfnt its unity." He 
ought to know that the design of baptism is 
not to represent eilher the trinitj', or the unity 
of the trinity. The "onehaplism" of the New 
Testament is designed to be a monument of tLe 
resurrection of Christ. At the conclusion if 
hi-sm s erlyarftumentforthe resuirection Paul 
asked: , , i 

"Else what shall they do which are baptized 
for the dead, if the dead rise not at all? Whj 
^re I hey then baptized for the dead?" 1 Cor. 
15: 29. 

Baptism declares the resurrection of Christ, 
.ind is a pledge of the resurrection of all thi- 
s;iiuts. Aa Christ was raised but once, there 
can le but "one immersion" — one baptism. 
Again, Paul says: 

'Therefore we are buried with him by bap 
lism into death: that like as Christ: w&sr;iis>>i 
lip from the dead by the glory of the Fatbei-. 
evfu so we aliosliould w.ilk in newness of lif* 
'or if we have b^eu planted together in tli- 
bene'is of his dsa'^h, we shall be also in thi- 
lik-;nes5 of his resurrection," 

BajHism is the -hkene^s of Ins ttea.h. ' Chiiat 
died but ouce. Therefore one immr^ion only 
isdemanded. B.ipti.m also contains "the like- 
ness of his resurrection'." Christ was raised 
from the duad but once. Therefore, one immer- 
sion-burial "with him iubaptiBm"-is the Bi- 
ble baptism. Surely Baptists possess the 
"one baptism" of the Bible. 


AMONG the cursed bl^-ssinss that are confer 
red on preachers, is that popularity which 
makes them for the time the centre of al traction 
and the topic of general conversation. Out of 
a thounand or ten thousand ministers not more 
than two or thrre at any time are likelv to be 
famous, and it will be a mercy if those do not 
speedily come to be infamous. 

Most famous men are over-estimated, and 
their popularity causes unpleasant comparisons, 
breeds envy and distrust, lends to criticism, 
slander and fault finding; cauaes every error to 
be magnified, and every fault to be proclaimed; 
and if in some unsuspect+'d hour the praised and 
flattered pet society shows himself to have like 
passions, inficmitiea and sins, with others, how 
soon every foul bird of prey will peckat his gay 
plumage, and turn his glory into shame. Many 
a popular preacher has finished hia counjein 
shame, in sorrow, or in crime. Young man, 
do uot fret becaus^e your kite does not Hy quite 
Bohigh as your neighbor's. Hold on tothestrinR 
and you may keep it out of the ditch. It may 
be very pleasant to see your name in print, bnt 
that depends largely upon what is printed under 
it. Keep low. Betore honor ia humility. 

Be true to God and man, aud if you miss 
tame you may algo escape shame; if you do not 
hear hosannas shouted to-day, you may not hear 
the cry,' Crucify him!" to-morrow; and if you 
causerveyour generation in tliia life, and get 
quietly into your grave without bringing re- 
proach upon yourself, your friends and your 
Lord, yon will have a fine opportunity for fame 
aud ajipreciationin the day when the righteoos 
shall ,, shine forth like the sun in the kingdom 
of their Father." Wait and see if it ia not ao. 
— Tlie Armory, 


WE have spoken of the proposed railroads 
from Jerusalem to Joppa. The follow- 
ing paragraph relating to it is from the Cincin- 
nati Enquirer: 

"General T. D. Lovette, of this city, former- 
ly chief engineer of the Southern Road, haR 
just completed a contract for the building of a 
uarrow-guage railroad from the city of Jerusa- 
lem to the port of Jaffa, in the Holy Land, aud 
has written to Major John, also of thia city, 
the champion narrow-guage railroader of Ohio, 
to join him iu the enterprise. The road will 
be some forty miles in length, the air-'ine 
distance between the two points being .some- 
thing over thirty miles. Joppa is a amall 
inaratime town of P.ilestine, on a tongue of 
land extending into the Mediterranean, and 
liesin a northwesterly direction from Jerusa- 
lem. It was formerly the port of Jeru.salem, 
and was the landing place of the cedar and 

Oi.e* of wMch Ihe T mple 'f that oily 
was built. It has a con^derable trade in cot- 
ton, corn, and fruit, as has also tne ccuntry 
lying back toward Jerusalem, through which 
the road will run. A lar^^e factor iu the busi- 
ness of the road, however, will be the usual 
visits of thepiUrims at the Easter season, and 
travelers at al! seasons. Th^ proposed fi.^ ■'« 
nndertaken by a party of French cnpi'il'-t», 
jiid is tu be pushed forward t*> aa early com- 
plflion. Mr Lovette is now in Paris, prepar- 
ing for the work." 

Au'Ui(:i', inciimmenting un this item, 
riiiiiles Nabnni 2: 3: ■'Th^'cliiriDt shall be with 
tinning lorche" 111 til.- rtav 0' his preparation?, 

lid th« fir trees shi^il be ttr-ibly shaken. The 

hariot.s shall josllu oiip against another in the 
l.rondways; thev sha'l seem like torches, they 
^liall run like tiie li;^htniog3." — Messenger vf 

TtlE 13RETH;REj>J" ^t "vvokk:. 

Jnn- 13 



Tell me of childhood, of friendship and truth, 
When I was youDg. when I was yonng. 

Tell me of tinya which I flpent in my youth, 
Whfn I was young. I was young. 

Tell rae of friend* that have gone to the grave. 

Tell me of chiloren, obedient and brave; 

Tell me of .leaua who suffered to save 

All that were young, that were young. 

Where are the frienda that were dearest to me 
When I was young, when I was yonng? 

Others whose faces I often did see 

When I wa.s young, J waa yonng. 

Where are my youthfurcompaniona to-day? 

Schoolmates and cousins, how happy were they! 

Where are the children with whom I did play 
When I was young, I was yonng? 

Friends and rchitions are passing away, 

Wliooncoweroyoung,who once were young: 
Som.' I but scarceljr rememberto-day, 

Who once were young, once were young. 
I, too, ain wending my way to the grave. 
Trusting in Christ who is able to save 
When I must move over Jordan's cold wave, 
There to be young, to be young. 



THOSE persons who hold revelation 
to he the only source of certain 
knowledge to man would, no doubt, 
start at being ranked under the title of 
skeptics, and yet this principle contains 
the germ of a skepticism under which 
both religion and philosophy would 
soon die out. Let us examine the ques- 
tion closely for a moment. The human 
faculties, it is urged, are perverted. 
There ia no confidence to be placed in 
them. What means, then, have we for 
determining that the revelation which 
we have received is a true one? Its ve- 
racity, so far as we are concerned, must 
rest on a process of reasoning, and this 
reasoning can only be carried on by the 
very faculties which we have pronounc- 
ed fallacious. 

The argument becomes still stronger 
when we pass fi'om the subject of reve- 
lation to thatof the beingof God. With- 
out a knowledge of God, inspiration 
would be a word without a meaning, 
and how is this knowledge of God to be 
obtained, but through the inferences of 
our reason? It has been said the Script- 
ures carry with them their own evidence, 
the evidence of miracles; but, it has 
been asked, "What mind ia there that 
would be convinced of the being of a 
God from the witnessing of some tempo- 
rary change in the laws of nature, when 
it bad totally failed of gaining such 
conviction from the perpetual and stand- 
ing wonder of creation itself." To un- 
dermine the authority of reason, there 
fore, is to undermine that of revelation 
also. Once destroy the validity of the 
subjective world within, and there can 
be no longer a certainty left of any ob- 
jective reality. 

As regards the tendencies of the two 
phases of skepticism that we have just 
described, the religious and the philo- 
sophical, we believe one to be equally 
injurious with the other. Distrust in 
one kind of testimony may easily lead 
to distrust in another kind; so that eith- 
er phase may prove a stepping stone to 
that universal unbelief that involves all 
human knowledge in doubt and confu- 

Both have their foundation to a great- 
er or less degree in ignorance. The re- 
ligious skeptic is generally ignorant of 
the vast amount of evidence that can be 
produced on the side of revelation, or 
else denies the testimony of the external 
senses altogether, while he uses at the 

same time in arriving at his conclusion 
the very faculties whose evidence he 
condemns. The philosophical skeptic, 
on the other hand, having been trained 
from childhood in the faith to which he 
holds, has no idea of the amount of evi 
dence that would be required to estab 
lish that faith in the mind of one who 
has not been thus educated. 

Furthermore, we find that those who 
are most ignorant in respect to the 
real nature of their own belief are most 
ntolerant of the belief of others, it 
has been said, "The mind always seizes 
with a kind of convulsive grasp those 
truths for which it can give no very sat- 
isfactory account, as though the tenacity 
with which they are held would goto 
makeup the deficiency in their evideuce; 
and on this ground it is that those who 
most ignorant, to prevent the ap- 
pearance of absurdity, commonly find 
it necessary to be moat dogmatical." 

But skepticism, like all philosophical 
tendencies, has its uses. Its proper office 
is to act as a check upon the too rapid 
progress of all authoritative systems. 
Morell says, "Skeptical philosophy may 
be invaluable as an instrument which 
helps us on the road to truth by dissi- 
pating fond delusions." In this way it 
has been eminently useful in every age, 
and has formed an indispensable aid in 
the advancement of speculative science. 
It cannot be denied, however, that like 
other systems of belief it has been car- 
ried to extremes, and has proved to be a 
hindrance to the advancement of truth 
quite as often as it has aided in its de- 



SOMETIME since an infidel— a recent 
iiimportation fi'om "the Hub of the 
Universe," (Boston) delivered a lecture 
in the Empire Hall, in this town, 
"The Assujn/ifions of Christian^ 
Quite "a hornet's nest" was stirred up 
by this event, and a good deal of acri- 
monious discussion among our good cit- 
izens followed, as a result of this "high- 
ly intellectual treat." 

A few days thereafter, a leading at- 
torney of the place, meeting me on the 
street, asked me if I had heard the lect- 
ure. I replied in the negative. 

"You ought to have been there," he 
remarked, and heard the hard hiUi he 
gave to you religious folks." 

"O," said 1, "this is not vuj fi^j^tt I 
thank God that it does not devolve up- 
on me to defend the inconsistencies of 
pyu^ar Chrixtlan'-ty" He laughed at 
me and said,"0 that'sit, is it?" 

"Yes, that's it!" was the reply. 

A Chinaman — a recent graduate of 
Yale College — a highlyintellectual and 
cultivated man — somewhat recently de- 
livered a lecture in the Olympic Thea- 
tre, in St. Louis, on a certain Sunday, to 
a large audience, on "the comparative 
civilization of China and America."— I 
read this lecture as repoited for the (St. 
Louis) (jrlohe Denwcrat. 

It was a stinging satire on popular 
Christianity, and contained what my 
legal friend called "hard hits" indeed. 
He drew a graphic picture of the Na- 
tional religion aa i-^mpared with that of 
Confucius — 

He ridiculea uu» boasted "civilization" 
— and said: 'You s^eak of us as a set of 
benighted heathen, and propose to send 
Missionaries (?) to China in the interests 
of moral ( ?) reform ! Why the common 
est virtues are more regarded in China 
than here. In China old age is respected 
— filial att'ection enjoined and practiced. 

"I should be sorry." he continued, "if 
the boys in my country were as rude as 
they are in Boston— the Athens of Amer- 
ica! The 19th century has given to 

America, the religion of Christ, anl 

Mother Winslow's Soothing Syrup!!" 
These are the utterances of a learned 
skeptic — the impressions of a "Heathen 
Chinee" — but they afford room for 
serious thought! 

What a field for meditation is the do- 
mriin of popular Christianity! 

Cut into hundreds of fragments — 
each claiming to be the true church — 
each urging its distinctive dogmas 
upon the world — each claiming to be 
founded upon the immutable word — 
each striving for popular recognition — 
each with its respective organization and 
its respective temple of worship— each 
with its distinctive and diverse creed — 
each sending its teachers aud mission- 
aries into foreign lands to proclaim, in 
the midst of heathen darkness, "the 
glad tidings of salvation," and all jost- 
ling, crowding, and fighting each other. 

What a spectacle is this! 
No wonder that the heathen is per- 
plexed and bewildered; and thoughtful 
men, in our own land, are led to doubt 
the reality of religion itself! 

The whole of this trouble grows out 
of the difference of men, and cannot be 
assigned to any defect in the Word it- 
self. These diverse, and often opposing, 
theories are not due to discrepancies, 
ambiguities, or obscurities in the reveal- 
ed will of God. They are solely due 
to the various oplni'yns of men about 
the Word. "We are so constituted," 
said a neighbor recently," that we can- 
not see alike." Hence he regarded tlie 
various denominations and sects as a 
necessity iriiVe great work of human 
redemption. But this opinion is neither 
according to logic or fact. It is a soph- 

As to the existence of a plain truth 
all men ca7i and do see alike. They 
cannot see otherwise. That men do not 
always accept the truth — giving it vital 
force and expression in their lives, we 
all know. Truth is immutable. Itcan^ 
not — charaeleon-like — change and fluct- 
uate with the fluctuating and changing 
fashions of the ever changing times. 

The religion of the New Testament 
is the same to day — amid the full blaze 
and glory of the IV'th century,that it was 
when i to Divine Author trod the streets 
of Jerusalem in human form more 
than eighteen hundred years ago. Men 
of a skeptical turn of mind quibble over 
the Gospel because it does violence to 
human reason. 

This objection is acommon one with 
this class! In fact, they regard it as a 
"Knock down" argument. 

But, subjected to a critical analysis 
it is, by no means, as formidable as it 
appears. No one will deny that revel- 
ation — so far as it goes — is the mind of 
God— the expression of divine reason — 
which is infinite in its extent. No one 
will deny ,on the other hand, that human 
Tiason is infinite — limited in its extent. 

If then the finite could reach all the 
operations of the infinite mind the dis- 
tinction would be destroyed: man could 
be equal to God himself. 

God, therefore, does not always, in 
his revealed word, appeal to man's reas- 
on. God sometimes speaks with author- 
ity. As the Creator of man he has the 
moral right thus tospeak. Asthelledeem- 
er of man^ — in the person of his Son — 
he has the right to prescribe the term-^ 
of man's redemption from sin and death. 

Some portions, then, of God's revealed 
word, appeal to man's reason, while 

again, some are mer>^ matters of faith. 

We accept them becau-ie God declares 
them God does not appeal to our reas- 
on when he declares the truth of the 
immaculate conception — the trinity — or 
the infiuite attributes of his own person; 
for these are utterly beyond the scopo of 
human reason, or human conception. 
Neither can human re.ison grapple with 
the idea of eternity — the resurrection of 
the body — the immortality of the soul — ^ 

or the incarnation of Christ. These 
are matters we only know from the 
■ward of God. 

Hence it follows that human reason, 
being unable to grasp these sublime and 
stupendous truths, can not be defiled at 
the expense %{ revelation. Truth is 
not always reached through the opera- 
tions of human reason Much of hu- 
man knowledge is emjiirical in its char- 
acter — it is the result of repeated exper- 
iment — -of accident. 

Fi'anklin reached his conclusions as 
much through observation aud experi- 
ment, when he promulgated his theories 
of electricity, as he did through the ab- 
stract forces of unaided reason — yea 

The simple circumstance of a falling 
apple — K)b3ervation — led Sir Isaac New- 
ton to reason out^atter much an,d re- 
peated experiment — the law of gravita- 

The boiling of a tea kettle and the 
violent agitation of its lid first attracted 
the attention of Robert Fulton to the 
motive power of steam. Not reason, 
then, but observation and experiment 
are the prime factors of human knowl- 
edge. Reason must utilize the results 
of observation and experiment, but 
reason alone is unable to cope with 
even the simplest phenomena of nature. 

What reasoning of man could reach 
the conclusion, a priori, that Ipecac 
would puhe and Jalap purge when in- 
troduced into the human system i What 
reasoning, in advance of the known 
fact, would lead us to know that we 
cannot make gun-powder and fire lie 
down in peace together ? 

Who could say, as the result of un- 
aided reason, that he might not live 
under wat^r, as well as on dry land? 

We might suggest endless examples 
to prove the truth of the proposition 
laid do\vn, but these may safely be left 
to the operations of individual mindp. 

Why, then, shall we reject the infall- 
ible word of God because we can not 
make it comport with the fallible rea- 
son of fallible man! Surely this would 
be, not to ftonor, but to degrade human 
reason itself ! It is a matter of surprise 
that men, who defy reason and ignore 
revelation, do not see how they degrade 
human reason by such a course! ,, 

The very phenomena of nature— man's 
great store of knowledge — are 
mute, but mighty witneesers of the 
truth of God's revealed Word. What 
are they but the voice of God himself, 
rebuking the cold, materialistic, soulless 
philosophy of men! Like the fingers 
of that mysterious, but awful hand that 
traced the mystic words upon the wall 
at Belshazzar's feast, God has Written 
his immutable truth upon the heaving 
bosom of the mighty ocean — He has 
traced it in 

"the lightning's red glare 
Painting hell on the sky." 
He has stamped it upon the glorious 
bow in the cloud. Its awful echo is 
heard in the thunder's dread peal, and 

in the earthquake's shock! 

The majesty of God's truth walks - 
upon the winds, and speaks in the temp- 
est's vn-ath. It breathes in the low, soft 

Jan- • 13 

'X.H.JW l3J:^KTtlKIi.>^ ^T "W<.yKl^. 

musicof the summer leaves! It glowa 
in the fiilent Iteauty of the forest, and 
glitttrsin the flashing glory of thestream ! 
It 18 Keen imprinted upon the mountain 
peak — lifting its proud head above the 
Btorniy clouds, and blutthes in the moc'est 
violet of the vale — 

"The Himcicius firmamtint on high. 
With all the blu<!, ethereal skj, 
Ami Hpangled heaveiib^a Bhiniiig frame 
Their great urigin all proclaim! 
(• ■ . - , , 

What though id solemn silence all 
Move round thin great tereatrial ball! 
What though no real voice or t.ound, 
Amidt)t their radiant orb be found! 
In rtdsun's ear they alt lejoice, 
And utter with u gturioua voice, 
Forever t-ingiog aa they ehine, 
The hiind lluif iiuide lu h Dininr." 
Warrenxfiurii, Mo. 



WHILE at the depot in Chicago, re 
cently,a remark by the Passenger 
Agent made an impresaion on my mind. 
He had given the necessary information 
to a passenger, who, not satistied with 
that, inquired of others until he became 
confused, then went back to the agent, 
who told him to go in and sit down 
till his tram comes, that if he believes 
what every one tells him he would nev- 
er get to Iowa. While this applies to 
all traveling by railroad, it can also be 
applied to our journey heavenward. 
We have a true schedule where all the 
conditions of the road are given, with 
directions where to start from, how to 
be equipped for the journey, and a 
glowing description of the ^station at 
the end of the road, and so^long as we 
strictly observe rules and regula- 
tions given in our schedule there is no 
'> danger of going astray, — we travel on 
smoothly and nicely. But let one con- 
sult self to some extent, conclude, there 
18 no use being so particular if we are a 
little behind time, no difference, or ask 
the opinion of others till we become 
confused and excited, then like the man 
in Chicago, we are in danger of never 
getting to the place we started for. 
There is no necessity for this if we 
faithfully follow the direction in our 
guide-book. Our conductor (Christ) is 
responsible and haa promised to land us 
there on time. His words are firm and 
true, authorized by the President, (God) 
whose controlling power we dare not 
doubt, consequently if we fail to have a 
prosperous journey the fault lies with 


UY £. i. DRT1\'EILER. 

I AM confident that I am not alone in 
the belief that our church litera- 
ture is not as free of objectionable mat- 
ter as it ought to be our aim to make it, 
especially of such as seems to show a 
want of that wisdom which "is first pure, 
then peaceable, gentle and easy to be 
entreated, full of mercy and good fruits," 
or of that love and meekness which 
helps --us to bear patiently the little 
wrongs which fall on us on our way, 
and prevent us from returning evil for 
evil, or in any way speaking evil of oth- 
ei-s, especially our brethren. 

AVhile we have reason to believe that 
all of our editoi^ and our writers, in 
\ general, are trying to work up to the 
standard, I still think we sometimes 
fall a little too far below, and it seems 
to me that a few thoughts on this sub- 
ject would be in season once in a while, 
to bring to our minds some of the firt^t 

princ'pUs t\iB.t s\\on\iX govern us in all 
of our writings for the press. Of thi 
first and chiefest of all these, it would 
seem that I should judge as Paul did 
in his epistle to the church at Thessa 
lonica: "As touching brotherly love ye 
need not that I writ^ unto you, for ye 
yourselves are taught of God lo love 
one another." Of all virtues taught in 
God'e Word, no other is so abundantly 
taught, no other holds a place so promi- 
nent in Christian character as h)ve; and 
yet it seems we will forget and fail of 
the kindness, and forbearance, and love 
by which all men shall know that we 
are Christ's disciples. I think we some- 
times aim to do justice to our brethren 
and foij^et mercy. To aim at simple 
justice to a dear brother or sister in 
what we write about them would in 
many instances be aiming away below 
the mark. 

I might write many things about 
brethren and sisters that would set them 
in an unpleasant light before the world, 
and yet not nmrej.)resent them, but 
whether I ought to do so or not depends 
on other considerations besides truth 
and justice. If a man struck me on my 
right cheek, and I would do the same to 
him, I would do him nothinglbut justice. 
In like manner I must resent every per- 
sonal injury on the principle of eye 
for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, 
foot for fuot, wound for wound, and so 
on through the catalogue of personal 
a.ssaults, and not go a hair's breadth bt- 
yond that which God who can not err 
has laid down asjmtire; but the kind- 
ness, forbearance, and charity, incum- 
bent on those who would be partakers 
of the merci/ which "rejoiccth ^ayamst 
Judg?nent" demands of us a higher aim 
in all we do to an enemy or a friend, a 
brother or sister, or say about them eith - 
er than simple justice. 

Ju^tick! what a meager plea] that 
would be upon which to obtain an in- 
heritance in the better land, "a crown 
of glory, that fadeth not away!" 

If thejiiatice of God had appeared 
to all men, instead of the '■'■rp-ace that 
briugeth salvation," what a dark world 
this would be ; how gloomy our prospects 
for the next! But all the spiritual light 
t\^».'■■ is in the world is that which is 
shed al)road in the hearts of the children 
of God "by the Holy Ghost which is 
given unto us." 

Ye are the light ot the world. ^'He 
THAT i.ovE'rn nis ijrotuer abideth in 
the light, and tbeije is koni-; occasion 


This is the light which makes our 
way clear in poverty as well as in 
wealth, through evil report as well as 
through good report. It helps us to 
keep our own feet in the narrow path, 
and to restore those whose "feet had al- 
most slipped." Yes, and when they are 
restored it helps to bury their troubles. 
AVithout in the least impugning the 
motives of any of our dear brethren, I 
am constrained to say according to the 
weak judgment as God has given to me, 
(aiid I think I have the spirit of Christ 
in so judging) that it is not good to pub- 
lish, concerning the failings of brethren 
or sisters, that which has been duly ad- 
justed, and buried in the grave of broth- 
erly love. It' would seem little (if you 
allow me the crude figure,) to throw 
upon the grave another great shovel full 
of charity, and bury the troubles if it 
were possible still deeper. 

Deal gently with the erring-- know 

"They may have toiled in vain; 

Perhaps unbiudess made them ao; 

Ob win them tack again." 
And then when we say, "Our Father 
who art in heaven" * * * "forgive us 

our debts as we forgive our debtors." 
"As we cover up the faults of our dear 
brethren and sisters, so cover up our sins 
and remember them no more," we will 
have the assurance inour hearts that we 
will receive the things which we ask. 

May itengage our prayers, our talents, 
our experience and every virtue that we 
can bring into requisition to adorn our 
papers, our tracts, our sermons, and our 
daily walk and conversation with the 
true light of the gospel of the grace of 


IIY V. H. halsbauou. 

T LIKE them, if they are full of Christ. 
-*■ Those whose life is most deeply sat- 
urated with the Spirit of the Cross are 
inclined by their new disposition to sow 
the seed of the kingdom in silence, and 
cast their bread upon the waters when 
God and His angels are alone cognizant 
of their hidden ministry. A few days 
ago I was cheered with two specially 
Heaven seen ted messages, one from Da- 
kotah, and the other from Nebraska. I 
am hungering day and night for com 
munion with souls who are warmed and 
magnetic with long repose on the bosom 
of Ii^mmanuel. I receive many lettere 
from saints who have hardly learning 
enough to put their burning thoughts 
and feelings into words; but the love of 
Jesus throbs in their crude utterances, 
and the very light of Heaven runs along 
the lines of their all but illegible scrawl, 
so that while I feast my soul with their 
Holy Ghost-seasoned fragments I am 
"sitting in Heavenly places in Christ Je- 
sus." I like to read fine writing about 
Jesus; but when Jesus Himself is in the 
missive I like it better. The two notes 
above referred to speak volumes of Chris- 
tian life in what they do not even inti- 
mate. This is significant and well wor- 
thy of consideration by ua all. We spoil 
our best deeds by reference to thera. 
We mar and smirch our best literary ef- 
forts by infusing ourselves. Ego is the 
Beelzebub which heads the host of mi- 
nor aevils in the inner hell. John 14: 
27, and Philpp. 4: 7, can never be real- 
ized so long as our ears are itching for 
our own praise. Thousands inthechurcb, 
and ministers not excepted, are commit- 
ting slow spiritual suicide by furtively 
imbibing the poison of self-seeking and 
self- exaltation from the golden goblet in 
the leprous hand of the mother of har- 
lots. Nothingso penetrates and invests the 
soul with the grandeur and moral power 
of the Godman, as to claim and exercise 
no individuality apart from Jesus. "/ 
tjelnotl. hut Christ Uveth in ■me,'''' is 
the philosophy of salvation, the concen- 
tration of all wisdom without the polish 
of the Academy. I am an enthusiastic 
advocate of education, but only in the 
Lord and for the Lord. Mathematics 
belong to Him, in all their heights and 
depths, no less than the numbers Three, 
Seven, and Twelve. If we would but 
know it. Heaven and Hell and all the 
univerae are included in the Alphabet 
and the ten numerals. What the wisest 
know isasnothing compared with what is 
contained in the simple elements and 
characters known to the unlettered. To 
know Jesus is to possess the key that 
unlocks the very heart of God, and all 
the marvels of Eternity. "In Him are 
hid all the treasures of wisdom and 
knowledge." Col. 2: 'i. 

We are more likely to lose our com- 
forts from want of love and gratitude, 
than we are from want of gifts or wis- 




ISTORY informs ua that tobacco derivea 
its name from Nicoto French embassit- 

It was discovered by white men on the Is- 
land ol" Tobtigo, anil used by the natives to a 
limited txteiit. It was iutro.luced in Kurope in 
150O About sixty years after tnat, it became 
80 popular in America, aiid its cultivation so ex- 
tensive that it beoame the staple article of com- 
merce, and was frequently used as money, aa 
change, etc. 

There is one fact connected with the biatory 
of tobacco in our own country, with which 
many of you are acquaiuted, which I will not 
pass in silence. 

In the year 1620 when the colony of James- 
town, ill Virginia, had been establiahed about 
tliirteen years, a great want was felt for female 
aid; not only to soften the asperity of manners 
in society, (composed wholly of males), but to 
give stability and serenity to the colony, by en- 
couraging the domestic or Family institution. 

Ninety females of respectable character, but 
of humble fortune, were imported from Kng- 
iaud, and sold to the planters at Jamestown, 
for wives at the rate of 120 pounds of tobacco, 
valued at fifty cents a pound, for each individual 
80 purchased. 

During the next year, IfiSl. sixtyjor seventy 
more were sent over and sold for the same com- 
modity, but the price liad been advanced by the 
London Company to 150 pounds a head. The 
first slavery, therefore, in Virginia, was the 
slavery of whites; iif the wile to lier husband; 
and the first expiirtation of tobacco was for 
this singular purpose of purchasing compan- 
ions for lite. 

Tobacco was first taken to Europe in the 
sixteenth century. It was recommended for 
its medical virtue, which was greatly exagger- 
ated by medical quacks, who declared it to be 
a profound remedy for many diseases, and 
would keep away all contagious diseases. It 
was falsely represented until it became an arti- 
cle of luxury in the Old World, though not 
without much opposition. Several Popes, Ur- 
ban VII and Amuret IV among them, forced 
against it the thunders of the Roman Church, 
and the Priests and Sultans of Turkey denounc- 
ed the use of tobacco as a crime; and Amuret 
even going so far as to decree its punishment 
by the most frightful forms of death. Later in 
the same century it was decreed and became a 
law that the pipe stems of smokers were thrust 
through their noses, and many other similar 
penalties were instituted; after all death penal- 
ties had been abolished only on manufacturers 
of tobacco. 

All this condemnation and all these penal- 
ties were unavailing. The use of tobocco steadi- 
ly increased and has increased ever since. 

The Turks and Persians exceed all other 
nations in smoking. In India and in China all 
classes smoke. The practice is universal. Girls 
have a peculiar appendage to their dress that 
contains a pocket, especially for pipe and tobac- 
co. Chewing and snulF-taking is gr.idnally 
diminished, but smoking is on the increase; and 
tbcy associate smoking with their religion and 
all transactions of business. Smoking togeth- 
er with them has a greater significance than 
eating together has with civilized nations, 

Gruvellon, hul. 



One shower of rain v/ill increase the grain 
product of the brethren 100,000 bushel, that 
is worth §100-000. It will increase the grazing 
capacity of our pastures §50.000. Now what 
does he bestow such royal gifts for; to enrich us? 
Yes, that we may be able to send once and 
Hj^ain to the necessities ctf his missionaries 

Li»t us see that tho.<e blessings do not eat our 
souls as a canker but that freely having re- 
ceived we will freely give. 

Only ten more years to prepare for eternity. 
If these should pass by as rapidly as the lost ten 
h[ive, it is near, nowat the door. Oh! let as 
watch and be sober lest it come as a thief. 

Some preachers teach the people that it is 
not essential to salvation to keep God's command- 
ments. So Satan taught Eve. So Korah 
Oathan and Abiram taught the Hebrews.. 
brethren do any of you teach such doctnnesP 

THiL: KHETtiliEiSr ^T "wokk:. 



glip grcjhren at ^ork 


M.M. ESnELM.S^, ] 
a. .1. lIARIttSON, 
J. W.HTELN. ' 


kI the ii 

1. TiiE Kililfire will be i 
leneral tnncif tlie paiipr, i; 

uticli' (liifi fit Imply that tlipy enrlorao every sen- 
timeiit of ttio writer. 

2. CoNTnintiTons In order to secure prompt io- 
aertioii of tlieir articlt^ii, will iilciise iint imUilBe in 
peraoriniiUps and uncoiirteoua InngiiiiKe, imt pre- 
aenttlieir views '■ with grace seiisunetl with salt. 

;i, V'nr tno ii.'iwril iif "ur rt'iulers and the cond of 

■S flil 

;\Jway3 write with Lluck ink, on 

proper- Hliiijie 
nai'iow pjiiier. 

1. Tin; iJnBTiiREN at Woilk will be sent to 
any!nl(lr.'wa in the IJiiiled Slates oi' Caiia<la for 
81^0 per lumuiii. For the ItiudinK charact oris ties 
of thi' jiaiwr, as well !i9 terms lu ageiita see eigLlli 
Aadreaa nil comraunlciitions. 



Lanark, CurroU Co., 111. 

L&>'ARK, ILL., 

JASUAKY la. I8S0. 


llir M, 1! KnimiiM.) 

THEKE (s a difl'erence betwueu a d ciionary 
wliich (Icjiiii's woms, and the ^ilection of a 
lessou Tor our childreu. The leauher selects the 
lesaou fur his pupils, but the lexicographer de- 
fines woitls in hHrmony with linguiistic sc.\< nee. 
The definition of terms are given as foumled on 
an unvarying law; hut the assignment of :t les- 
son is simply according to tlie judgment of the 
asaigner. We state these things so t 
readers may be prepared to meet any arguments 
brought up iu thia direction. 

Is there sysleiii in the Le!»sona as assigned by 
that select Couimitteo? Is that a good system 
which on December 7tb takes Revelation vi-14 
for n lesson; then qu December lith takes liwv- 
ela'ion XXI; 21-27, and Mark III: 7-25 for De 
cember 2lsti' Is siicli a plan bethy tliau the 
"Topic Method?" The pitacher who wishes to 
succeed confines his digcourse to od« sn'rject. 
What for? So that ha can, more readily instruct 
his hearers. Why did Peter couliue his remarks 
to a subject— Cliriat — on the day of Pi;nteco3t? 
Wlieu the lame man was healed, and the peo- 
ple were amazed, why did Peter confirie his re- 
marks to Christ's death and resurrection? Why 
did be Hot talk aboat twenty subjects in his one 
lesson? Evitleutlv because so many Hiibj-cts at 
once only c jnfusss the mind. Do Hit-- advocates 
of tbe."lulfrnatiunalIje3sou" practice what tliey 
preiicli? When they preach, why do tliey con- 
fine themselves to one su'iject, and Lhi>u in the 
Sunday-school present a le-son thai a ntaius 
HKoiy subji'cls? M''hat is the reason that we 
cannot have a lesson on Paith, then oiih on Rs- 
peutiiuce, one on Baptism, one on FeBl-1-..iihing, 
vVi?,, aud bring all the Scriptures logetln-i* which 
relate to the siil.jrct? Would you i of. do so- 
if that were Ihe course of the mult . .le? If 
the Ciimuiittee woul I g" that way, v I'd you 
nil go that way tooV 

It is urged that if we the "Jul< ni^Lional 
L^s^ou," there will be uniformity. Vi ■.;!, if we 
simply take the Bible will there not be iinifoyin- 
ilij? If the Brotherhood should adopt the 
"Ti.'pic Plan" would there not be uniformity? 
Duos (lie " [n Vernal ion al Lesson" con t, an norne- 
thiiie nol in the liible? If so, should we intro- 
duce it to our childreu? If it contains precise- 
ly whjt is j*( the Bible, why not take the BihliY 
"Well,' siys a friend, it' we use the "Interna- 
ti'jua! Le-sou," aud i wish to go to a Presbyte- 
rliu school, I will have the same lesson," iliiK 
the i'resbyb^rian lesson somethiug ho/ found in 
the Bible? ''No; the lesson was lak*^n from the 
Bihli)." Then if you take your Biblo and go to 
the Preshyterian school, will you not have the 
same leasoji? Does the lesson become better 
becmse it is priawd on a slip of paper opart 
froai the Book? '0 but it is the conimeuta I 
■wnnt," he replies. Th-'U it is not so much what 
ii ill the Bible that you are after ns somebody's 
c(jiii)iiei>ts.' The comments on the lesson by a 
Brother would perhaps differ very much from 
the commenti of a Presbylcrian; so instead of 
coi-tiuing your re^arches toyiirf*', you fly off, 
into {•i>i>iloii9. Nine-t«nths of the comments i 
in our present system of teaching, is, "I think," I 
"my opinion is, S;c. How rare we hear, either . 
fr>ua pupils or teachers, what they know; hut 
all through the hour we hear 'I think it means, ' 

&c." Sad, sad the conditi'm whi^n so much re- 
liance is placed on each others thuugbl^t 

Do the authors ofthe ''International Lesson" 
follow some particular line? "They do." ex- 
claims one. Then hy that particular line of State, 
thought they may give you John 13: 1-17 in 
the eleventh month of the six 'h year; hence f>et- 
waahing for »ix years and eleven months dare 
not be brought np in the M.-hoolt'. If Ihrir line 
of thought should not include J. dm 13: 1-17 
then iinur line must not, for your line is theirs, 
and th-?irn yours Should tht-ir line not include 
Rom. 16:16, 1 Peter 5: 14 at all, will y.ur line 
contain it? If, in their jn^Ignieut the Holy Ki-s 
shall not come up until the tenth year, will it 
be taught iu your school before the tenth year? 
Renjember the Committee is as-tigning lessons 
for you, and you must take the teacher 
givfs. It is not a question of seholirship. hut 
of judgment; and now the whole Urutlierhoud ' 
is asked to give up its judgment to that ot thf 
select party who brings out the 'iritemalioual 
Lesson." Why vhould any one go ' to "Home" 
for forms and patterns? "''' .'* ' 

It U truethftt if weshould ptihlish tlie "Inter- 
national Lesson" iu the Bal W we might, per- 
haps, increase its circulation; but would' we be 
justifiable in such a course, when it is tvident 
\M&i princijjle would besacrificvd? Should lh.i 
'pocket book" triumph over jirinciple? Itoifci 
en does in the world, but God I'jrlji^^t it iu his 
family. Will the "Internatiouul Li;sson" 5ervi? 
to maintain our peculiar charncteri-tics aa a peo- 
ple? "" '" 
We maintain that each child should have a 
Bible. By having a book of ils owij, i; will 
learn to revere the work, will learn to turn to 
al most' rtny Verse it wi.-hes to find. Other book' 
may aid a teacher in making illustrations, but 
the pupils rarelj' ever read them. , Is it not bet- 
ter to have the, child to become , familiar with 
the Bible? Why bhould we not plead for the 
Bible? Why not do all we can to have oui 
childreu read it, to study it? We believe that 
every candid mind,— all who will divest them- 
selves of selfishness, can see that we need to 
cling closer to thafone b'es'fBobk— the Bible. 
We raise our voice for it; we wield our pen in 
its behalf; we mnsthcurken to it, follow it, obey 
it. Whowillsay weKhallufJt?' Hold fast the 
good old Book: ke'^p it among the children, 
and never trade it forisomethiiig far inferior. 

ShaU our ears now be "gretttd" with arrows 
labled, "uucharitiible,"i "'jealousy," "bigoted," 
"unlenrutd," "narrow- hearted," for plainly writ- 
ing our convictions? We did nut set ont to tcai' 
anv oHf's "iiesh wilhUiorus of the wilderness 
and with bii^rs," {Judge 8:7). but to warn, to 
sound the trumpet in due time so that the 
watchmen may jirepare theoiseivea for the b:it- 
tle. Have we given an uncertain sound? Do 
you not now know where we stand on this ques- 
tion? Wo, in conclusion call attention to the 
manner in which the Jewish church was cor- 
rupted- May we lenru to avoiJ the same fatal 
steps. We (|Uote from Mosheim. 

"If any part of the Jewish religion was leas 
disfigured and corrupted than the rest, it w.l-> 
ceitainly the form of txlernal worship, which 
was established by the law of Moses. And yei 
many learned men have observed that a great 
variety of rites were introduced iuto the service 
of the temple, of which no traces are to be found 
in the sncred writings. The^e additional cere- 
monies manifestly proceeded from those changes 
and revolutions which rendered the Jews more 
ciiiivtrsant with the neighbfriug nations than 
thuy had formerly been, for when they saw the 
sacred rites of the Greeks and Romans, they 
were pleased with several of the ceremonies 
that were used in the woi-ship of the heathen 
dt'ities, and did not lie&itate to adopt them into 
the service of the trne God, and add them as 
(irnauii-nt'i to tiic rites which they had received 
by divine appointments, 


The address of Brother K. H c-kinnu 
changed from Cornell, Illinois, to Odell. same 

The address of J. W. Snuthwood has been 
changed froii Lincolnville, Indiana to Dora, 
same State. 

BliETHBEH Buck and Gordon, of Kokom 
Iniiiana, have been preaching in North Ma: 
che.-ter Church. Indiana. Two baptized. 

On the 22ud of D*fc«mber last, Brother 
Ephriam Sroner began a series of meeting; 
Uppi-r Cunewago, Maryland. We hope to hear 
that many loved ones have turned to thi 

BitoTHmF. P. Loihr expects to attend the 
next Annual Meeting if liealth will permit. 
H')w we Would rej.nue to grasp the hand of 
our dear old brother once more! God bless 

nNDEKdateof2udiust., Brother John Metz 
gtr writes that he was not very well Tlieii 
u'cttiilg on the, first was an enjoynble one, and 
union and love scrmed .to prevail in the old 
fu'other's congregation. 

A Lon»o brothrr writes: "Would like t. 
meet you at Dwight, if I could leave home 
There is quite a desire foi' Brethren to conn 
thfre. when can all the calls be filled? Ou: 
■Father's' children are hungry. for more la- 


Ot;Restef!medBroth.r, Andrew iHutchison, 
of' Ceuterview, Mi-souri, is at present 
ing in Lf.n^iniont.Ci.lorudo, for health 
A letb'r from him dated December 23th i-tated 
that he was improving some. He has our heart 
felt, sympathies. , , , ; , 

Zion's Wntrhmiii, piiblished at Albany, N. 
Y., by John Leulley, whusome years ago estab' 
iishtd tlieGoWi'JiCV/iser, RoL-kford, Illinois, is 
,on'e of the live religious papeM that ie deter- 
mined to stand withuut advertizing patronage. 
We welcome the paper to our exchaugt; list, 
and hrtpeitmay accunpli.^h much gogd iu di 
feuse of pftrity and goodne.s. 

We visited the Mt, Morris College ou Ih. 
2flth oF Drct'niber and were pleased to see thi 
earnest labors of students and li-nchers. Then 
are about one hundred and ciglily names en 
rolled, and "atill they come." The proprietors 
are talking of erecting additional buildings, as 
the present buildinss, though quite large, are 
very much crowded. We were 'glad to learn 
that Brother Steiu hiutheesteem aud good will 
of all Ihe students. Where love prevails, the 
unruly aud disobedient must eventually yield 

Os the first day of the present year the 
church in Lanark met in council. There was a 
Inrgfl attendance, and coiisidera'jle interest in 
the labors. Brethren M.irl.iu Meyer aud 
!• i Fry were present by invitation to assist the 
iiij^ch. By couDiel of the church Brother J, 
H. Moore was ordnined, and another minister 
rt.|uired to do additional work in the ministry. 
On the next dity;i;iiiu met to eouliune church 
work. T'vo Brethren were chosen to serve as 
•i';iicoRS)mdoue to preich the Word. Those 
clio^en deacons are W, H, Herrington and Ly- F. Eliy. May graw; be given tl.! to do the 
work of ihe Lord iu tn acceptable miLner. 

That evangelist. Brother D. B. Gibson. 
spent several d^iys in Lanark the last weed in 
December. He preached to us several di-eours- 
(■S-. and did liis part towards furthering the peo- 
pi'i OU their journey heavenward. Brother 
Giji-^i'n has been from home nearly fourmonths, 
prmched about one liundred times and btlifid 
npwaidi of fifty unite with the church. He 
may well return to his Brettireu aud tell them 
what tlie Lord did by his hand. Acts 14:27. 
Come ai,ain, Brolher Daniel. 

BnoinER Harper, of Missouri, preached in 
"Limark December aG'.h and 30th- His last dis- 
course was based on the second chapter of Dan- 
i.;l. and was listened to hyafuU house. Broth- 
i-r H. is about seventy years old, and handles 
the word with ability. A man who has seen 
luii'^h of this worjd, hiving bi^en a seaman and 
a soMier, he dra ^ssm'h illu:^tratiolls that even 
tliedulle.-t mindciini.oin|.rc;hcnd. The universal 
legret is that he left so soon. It is the "s luud 
doutriue" which strengthens the soul, and we 
hope Brother H. may live to come th: 
and refresh us again. 




Brothei} D. M. Miller is d -termined that the 
..'iiemies of Christ shall not prevail. He eom- 
nienced meetiog in Valtou, Wi? , Dec. 24th, 
and it soon became aiiparent that the Lord has 
a people there and would call them out bv ihe 
iutrid of Brother Miller. The manifestation of 
liiviue power ar.msid theenemies of Christ, and 
the dooi^s of the houses were closed so that 
public meetings were about to cease, when the 
i lea occured to Brother M. that he would pnr- 
cria.'fi a bouse, and thus out-general the ene- 
lu'us. This he it:d, aud now he is nightly 
pre.cbing to ^row.ird Inm.-i's, with a fnir pros- 
(i-nt "f building up a church there. )or t«n 
tlinrii'rind such wfiTkets! WoulH to God we 
coul ( ii'> with him! TnitLirJ ble^s aud 8us- 
tniu him. I 


(»( a. J, iriiruju.) 

R. Inser^oll says, "It stiikts m- that what 
they call thi> atonement m a kind of mor- 
al bankruptcy. Under its piovisions iimn is al- 
lowed the pririlege of sinning on credit. " ' • 
Doesn't the credit system breed extravagance 
in sin? • • ' Who's afraid of punishment 
which IS so far aw«y? LW« would thiul* Irom 
the way Mr. I tries to argue it away that he is 
one that is afraid of it] Wliom does the doc- 
trine of hell stop? The great, the rich, tlie 
powerful? No: the poor, the weak, the d^spis- 
ed, the mean. Did yon ever hear of a man go- 
ing to bell who died in Now York worth a mill- 
ion dollars, or with an income of twonty-five 
thousand a year? Did you? Did you ever hear 
of a man going to hell who lodo in a carriage? 
Never. They are the gentleman who talk about, 
their assetls, and who say, 'Hell is not for mej 
it is for the poor.' " 

No wonder a man would oppose Christianity, 
orbedisgusted withit, ifhe has seen it only 
m the light Mr. L here presents it. Talk about 
hell being the place for the poor and heaven tho 
place fertile ricli! Wo read about a certain 
richman who waaarrayid in pi-rple and fine 
linen and fared sumptuously every day. And 

then we reitd of a cerlain poor man— a heggir 

who laid at the rich man's gate while dogs^lick- 
ed his sores. Now hear what tho Muster says: 
"And it baine to pass that the beggar died, and 
was carried by the angels iuto Abraham's bo- 
som. Tho rich man a so died and was buried: 
and in hell he lilted up his eyes, being iu tor- 
ment. You seethe rich inan,in one case at lea4, 
did not talk about his assetts. Y-m now leani o^ 
at least one rich man who went to hell and one 
poor man who did not. Whether people in 
New York ever hear of this or not, the fact re- 
mains the same, that "it is as hard for a rich 
man to enter the kingdom of luaven as it is for 
a camel to pass throngh the eye of a needle. 

We have no more sympathy for u sidlish, av- 
aricious mutkery of piety under the title of holy 
Christianity than have the infidels. No, it is 
someLhing we are deeply sorry for, regret too 
seriously, to pitss by with simply ridicule and 
jesting. We believe it ought to be denounced 
iu the Btroiigest terms of onr language, and 
made pale-laced iu the sight of many pure and 
noble examples of meek, humble, honest, aud 
charitable profe^sorB of tlie religion of Jeaus 

Sometimes we think we have not much to 
fear from infidelity because much of its work is 
to expose a false theory of Christianity, and its 
hypocritical adherents. Ingersoll cannot cry 
against popery, priestcraft, human slavery, and 
war too much. We can unite with him in gen- 
,1 thanksgiving wlien we see the \\u\h of iu- 
qnisitions fail, when we see cruelty and injus- 
tice banished and 'the instruments of torture 
and death destrojed, 

Mr. Ingersoll next denies that God lias the 
right to dispose of man in any way he may 
please because man is the property of Gud. He 
says, ".suppose I fake this book and change it 
idiutely into a servient being. Would I 
have the right to torture it because I made it?" 
Let us look at thia supposition. Are the cir- 
tances of Ingersoll changimj a book, and *m(f;»y man similar? In the formation 
of niair, God used what was liia own by creationi 
Imt Mr. L fiually reaches a point where he bor- 
ruws from nature the elements out of which he 
f'jrms his servient being. The two cases are 
not at all analogous; their dissimilarity may be 
'llu^trllted in this way: A owns a building and 
B borrows — rents — it. Now who would say 
that A aud B have the same or equal right to 
rhing'^or disposeof tills building? Ho with the 
book. The book in reality did not belong to In- 
gersoll — lie only had it borruwel; and just as 
little right as B, the borrower, has to change 
or dispose of A's, the owner's property, so little 
right has Mr. I. to change or di.spose of the 
book .'[.■' he pb'a^es. 

In the second place Mr. I- makes a wrong jm- 
pres.ition when he aik', "would I have a right 
111 torture it because I made it." He insinuates 
IiaC God made man simply to "torture" bim, 
ind that there is no way for man to escape this 
"I'ture. Here ht forgets all about the Htone- 
ii-tit which a few moments ago he was ridicul- 
j: '"God* * "^ will haven 1 men to he suved 
lid come unto the knowledge of the truth." 

a-HIi; iJKETHKEiSr J^rV \VOKJi. 

Jan- 13 

"In I his was iDi)Dire»t''d t.lie love of Ood to war! 
us, bicuaiie that (iud xentiiidonly l>-g<(tt«D Son 
inUi t)it' world, tliat we might live tbrouxh him' 
' ■ ■ God ' • • Bent Ilia Son to be the propi- 
atioii tor our ain't " 

We Di-xt rend from Mr. Iiig(>rBol] as foUowH: 
"Do yoo know iiohofly would have bail, an 
idtu orhfll ill thiri world ilit hadn't been fur 
the volcanoea? Tb^y were looked upon 
an chininies of h<;]l. The idea of hell 
would nover liuv>; polluted tlii; ioiag- 
inaliou but for Ih-in" li thin ime ? Have 
cliiidrfii 110 id'-a of HhU until they t-tudy geog 
ru|ihy and learu that lu certain pl.icr.t on the 
glube there are mouatains out of which issue 
buruiug Invtii' la it true, dear reader, that the 
fir^t tliou^ht you hud of tlm piiui'ihment of the 
wicked in hell yon got finni what you b'arned 
ill gefigraphy about volcauopn? We are con- 
tent to let tbix quetitibii difi^ide wjietlier [n^cr- 
soll's aisertiou about the origin of thii idea of 
hell is correct or not. 

Mr. I. Dexl denounces llie idea of hell because 
bo Mfres uo good to be derived from it, and thou 
bo gi.eH on in a straiu olhartiusm as follows: 

'"Yjnoua rea-^OHS are j^iveu lor pnuitiliing tlie 
wicked; lirst, tliat God will vindicate hiainjured 
tniiji'sty. Well, I am gliid of that! Second, He 
will glorify bia justice — think of that. Thiid, 
Llo will show and glorify his grace. Every 
time the saved hIiuII look iipuQ the damned iu 
hell it will cauHe in them a lively und ndniiriiig 
sense of the grace of God. Every look upon tbi< 
dainued will double tbeardor and the joy of the 
saints in heaven. Can the believiug husband 
in ln'uvnn look down upon the torments of the 
unbeliL'ving wile iu hell und then feel aLhrill of 
joyi" Thab'a the old doctrine — notof our days; 
are toocivilized for that. Ohl but it is the old 
doctriuo that if you saw your wife in bell — the 
wilt) you love, who, in your last sickness, nurs- 
ed you, that, perliaps supported you by her 
needle when you were ill; the wife who watched 
by your couch night and day, and held your 
corpse in her loving arma wbeu you were dead — 
the sight would give you gr^at joy. That doc- 
trine is not preached to-day; They do not 
pr'.'UL'b that the higlit would give you joy; but 
they do preach that it will not diminish your 
happiness. That is tho doctrine of every or- 
tiiudos niiuisterin New York, and I repeat that 
I huve no recpect for men who preach such doc- 
trines. The sighta of the tornienis of the 
daniued iu hell will increase the ecstasy of tb*- 
sail) 1 3 forever! On thia principle a man never 
enjoys a good dinner so much as when a fellow- 
creature U dying of famine before his eyes or 
he never onjoys the ciieerful warmth of his own 
tirobidc so greatly as when a poor and abandon- 
ed wretch is dying on his doorstep. Tho saints 
enjiiy the ecsta'-y and the groans of the tor 
meuted are music to them." 

What are IngorsoU'a reasons against God 
puniibiug to vindicate his majesty? It is, 
"Weil I am glad of that." And what are his 
reaions for believing that it la not done to glo- 
rify his justice? Simply, "Thinkof that." 

All the talk about the husband looking 
down upon \m wifeiu bell — the wile who had 
nursed him iu sickness, who bad watched by 
him night and day and held his corpse in her 
loving embrace, is dono foreflVct. But when 
we reflect for a moment imd cont-ider that no 
wife who had sncU a devotion to her husband, 
as that lUL'utiou'Ml — who5c whole soul was love, 
who kuMiv nothing but mevcy, when we reflect 
upon such a character, we remember upon such 
a blessing is pronounced. "Blessed art the 
merciful, fortliey shall obtain m'/rey." 

We are still receiving call.-* for pamphlets for 
free distribution, and as the fund for that pur- 
pose has been exhausted w>^ cannot supply the 
demand. for the thousands of pennies spent 
for carnal gratifications! What a vast amount 
of good might be done if the wasted pennies 
wi-re gathered to sow the go id seed where 
preachers cannot go! We eball continue to 
pray God to move the heurts of his people to th'-ir Ijlessed piiviligtH to induce sinners to 
forsdke error and accept truth. 


We have received imother supply of "Our 
Aliiiiuiac" from Bio. Kurtz. Price, ten cents, or 
$1.00 per dozen. 

"Salvation By Grace" — A new Tract, just 
out. Price 50 cents a hundred. This is the 
time of the year to scatter Tracts. 

Souk are still calling; for credit. To such 
we again :~ay our terms are cash. Agents have 
sixty dayi in which to collect, and remit. We 
wish to impress our readere with the fact that 
we kept 'Poor Trust" iu our ofHce for over 
three years, and he took so many liberties that 
we Were obliged to turn him ont. We lost 
hundreds of dollars by him. He is a poor fiuan- 
citT, and if kept very long in any businei^s es- 
tubiishment, will edC up it^ very life. Theie- 
fore do not ask us to take him in again, for we 
icilluof The paper-makers and printers have 
not yet agreed to work tor 'us gratuitously. 
VViieii tbev do, wc will again consider tho pro- 
[iriety of doing something for "Poor Trust." 
We believe, however, that tho sooner he begins 
to "piy as he goes" the better for him and all 
the pi^ople. 

WirAT is a man, who has been made free in 
Christ, to declare? Dare he declare the Uihle, 
and the Bible only, as his creed? He dare. 
Dure beatimdout boldly as a lover of what is 
in ihc Biblv? Certainly! ' Can he contend on- 
ly tor the ordinances of Christ Jesus, and re- 
fuse all otliers? Hocau; but he may sometimes 
feel the need of company: he will get lonesome 
at times, for few will endure sound doctrine. 

Sui'i'nsK a man tells a lie about me, and then 
R'tk.i-Wliy do you contradict it?" What have 
/ to do with it? Take care of your own ofl- 
apring! whistle otF your own dogs! "But m-n 
will bi-lieveit." Quite likely; they that love 
lies will believe lies; but the judgment day 
will settle all such matters, and it mav not be 
long to wait. Meauwhi e, those who hatch or 
di-semiuate untruths are bound to take care of 
tbeiv own livo btoek; tbey are responsible for 
all damages, and the longer they defer the set- 
tlement the heavier the bill will be.— Sc/. 

Brothek Joiiu Wise is General Agent for 
the Brethren At Work and Tract Society, 
and will attend to busiiie^'i for us wherever he 


CoHUEsroxHEScEfor the "Goipel Success" 
II column mint b^ brief, stating only the facts in 
the cise. Ijetters put into thi^ mail on Mon- 
day or Tuesday will reach us iu time lor pub- 
licati'ju the same week. We txcend thanks to 
to those who take an interest io this column, 
and invite maoy others tou^^sist in the work, 
lleftd Lube 1: 1-1 and Ibeu Acts 2: 41. 

Pebsoss acfiuainted with one of the editors 
and not with the others, frequently send arti- 
cles for the paper, orders for book^, or subscrip- 
tion lists to the editor they know, and not to 
the BitETHUEN AT AA'oRK. In this way our 
business is ilotained and a respou-e unavoidably 
delayed, beeaute it van 'if^^^^ hiippens that 
the editor to whom the letter was addressed is 
away from the oiSo! at the time the letter is 
received. We wish to he prompt— "diligent in 
bu-sineis" — and allow nothing to drag, hence 
urge all to heed regulation. 

jisforu of flic ^liurcli. 

PvEV. C. MoxJEAU is chaplain of the Topeka 
Capital Guards and pastor of the First Baptist 
Church at Topeka, so to combine his military 
and clerical dull as, on next Sundy morning the 
Gu^nds will meet at the armory and will march, 
fully uniformed and equipped, to the Baptist 
church, led by their band in full uniform and 
playing suitable airs. At the church the band 
will furnLsh the mu&ie for the services, and the 
chaplain will preach to the guards and the con- 
aregatiou. This is an innovation on our time 
honored style of church services, 

NuyiSER one of the Prmilive Christian is be- 
fore us iu its new form. It presents a neat and 
attractive appRarance, manifesting thrift and 
enterprise, and this we are gl^d to see. It con- 
tains a "Western Department" which is edited 
by Bro R. H. Miller. Bro. Miller is a good writ- 
er, and we shall be pleased toolip fromtbeP.C. 
such of his aiticles as may be calculated to in- 
struct, edify and unify the general brotherhood- 
In his "Inaugural" he says: 

"Our object will be to awaken a more united 
effort, to sustain aud carry out every truth and 
principle of the Gospel; to get more harmony, 
life and power to work in the church for its 
peace and prosperity, and to get a more general 
kuowledgeof the principles lUiLintained by our 
bnttherhoDd. For this purpose we will give 
some iirtiel-s we have prepired iu defense of 
our principle5,our order of church government, 
non-ci.ulorii!Lty,>i Gospel mi3siouar>- work 
tind as tliereare many young persons belonging 
to tbi; church, we shall liive some articles for 
tlieir special heuefit. We also expect to give 
the jiriucipWn and teaching of the Scripture on 
I ti>[ijc- of g -riera! interest come up in the 
irLitherboLiiljb-cause we believe it to be thu duty 
if our p.ippr to bpft teacher and guardian of tlie 
interests of both brethri^u and sisters on every 
lulj-iit. and ill every department of their call- 
Mir. wliicb pertriiusto tbeirchrisliin character 
and general welfare. 


[Hi M. M E>bcuxi.] 

The civil s(a(e of the world at Vhrial's appear- 
'IIHE greater part of the world was subject to 
1 the Roniau empire when the bibe ot Beth- 
lehem niiide its appearance. The people had 
been "reduced to a state of servile submis<ion 
to Augustus CiPsar, who by artifice, perfidy and 
blood shed," bad acquired gn^at power over the 
people. Tho Roman Senate was under the 
dictum of the emperor; and while a shadow of 
liberty remained, the will of the monarch was 
the law. Notwithstanding the monarohial 
form of government, letters and philosophy 
liourished. and iu many parts of the world the 
darkest itfuorauca was dispelled by the benign 
influence of correct principles. There was but 
little warand tumult at the. time of Clirist's 
birth. The temple of Jauus, the goil ot war, 
was closed, and the time of .leiins' adv*-nt into 
the worltl may well be styl-d Thf Piicljic Ayr. 

.The religions state of the world at Christ's 

All nations except the Jews had respect to a 
number of governing powers, These they 
called gods, to whom they bowed and worship- 
pi?da3 their inclinaiions directed. 

The Grecian gods difl'ered very much from 
those of Egypt. Tlit-se dift'i-reiiees. however, 
rarfly produced war and dissension. Each 
nation and tribe permitted its neighbors to fol- 
low their own gods. They looked upon the 
world as a vast empire, divided into states, 
over which a certain kind of divinities presided, 
and that, thi-rt'tore, no one could regard 
the otlier's gods wiib contempt. This is not 
strange when we consider the sourec of all 
their gods. 

''Tiie deities of almost all nations were either 
ancient heroes, renowned for noble exploits 
and beneficent deeds, or kings and generala 
who had founded empires, or women rendered 
illustrious by remarkable actions or useful in- 
ventions. The merit of these di>tinguished 
and eminent per.Kon!>, contemplattd by their 
posterity with an enthusiastic gratttude, was 
the reason of tlieir being exilt>-d to celestial 
honors. The uaural world furnished another 
kind oi deilies, who were a'lded to these by 
some nations; and as the sun, moon, and stars, 
shine forth with lustre superior to that of all 
other material beings, so it is certain that they 
particularly attracted the attention of mankind, 
and received leiigioua homage from almost all 

From these beings which seemed nobler than 
others, idolatry descended, and inferior powers 
mnlfcipiied fjuite rapidly; so that in no t a few 
countries, trees, mountains, the sea, tho earth, 
the winds, and even virtues and vices, bad tlieir 
altars, around which gathered zealous and de- 
vout workers. Sacrifices were offered to these 
gods; and ceremonies were not uufrequently ab- 
surd, cruel, and obscene. 

In connection with this general worship, the 
Greeks and some of the eastern nations had 
what was called mysteries. This was a sort of 
secrefcism, and only a few were permitted to 
enter these mysteries, and that only after 
passing through various trials and ceremonies 
of the most disagreeable kind. "These sacrets 
were kept iu the strictest manner,as the initiated 
could noi reveal anything that passed on those 
occasions, without exposing their lives to the 
most imminent danger." This accounts for 
the reason that so little is known of those hid- 
den rites. • 

From these considerations it is not strange 
that vice and immortality prevailed so gener- 
ally. There were, however, exceptions to the 
rule; and here and tliere a Grecian philosopher 
would loom up and present some beautiful 
things concerning the nature of the true God, 
uud the duties of men. But they were not 
abi« to reveal the truth, because their beautiful 
things were mixed with the chimerical and the 

Tivo kinds of philosophy prevailed when 
Christ apDBitred, the Grecian and the Oriental. 
The former was known by the simple title, 
"philosophy," the latter as "science' or "knowl- 
edge." Paul condemns b th: the first in CoL 
2: 8 and the latter in l Tim. G: 20. Among 

The committeof Arrmig^nients will nipot in 
Mt Morris. Illiuoi^ the 2«th inst.. to make 
further preparatiou.4 for next Annual Me.'tiag. 

A lot of intenwtiue cnrreMpondence U crowd- 
ed out of thpB is-ue. Many thauks.dear brethren 
and sisters; but please mako jour ailicies aa 
ibort as you can. 

It is perhaps nearer the truth to say thatyou 

n not find thoughts for.ioilr words tbau to 

say you cannot find words to expre.-s your 


the Grvcians was a sect called EpicuiVHUs. who 
maintained that the world came by chauoo. 
Pl-^asure was regarded as the "uitimate end of 
man," and that virtue wa* not worthy of aa- 
teem. Paul met some of this class at Athens. 

From this brief view of the religious condi- 
tion of mankind, the realer may undersUud 
the wretched state of the Gentile world when 
Christ came to Ue earth. Go back there and 
see what infidtlty has doiio, and as you vi«ff 
the misery of that people, and th^u turu aad 
behold what Christiauiity has don.* for us, yoa 
will love your God more and perhaps serve him 

Principles arediscoverd and npplied by men, 
not created. 

The ancient Persions taught their children 
Mily three tliiugs, viz: "To liiaimge u horse, to 
Khootdextrously with the bow, and to speak 

the truth." 

This is iPap year, and Washington's Birth- 
day, D-coration Day, and July 4lh come on 
Sunday. February begins and ends with Sun- 
day, and has five Lord's Days. 

FoREiG.v dispatches state that Russia is mak- 
ing extensive preparations for war. AmonR 
the Russian soldiers tber<' is a feeling of an im- 
pending conflict with Austria and Germany. 

QuiiEanumber of our subscribers renewed 
/oo /rt/e to get first number ofthisyenr. These 
we kuow, will be disapp >inted. But how can 
it be helped and who will be to blame? Wa 
printed several hundred extra copies but they are 

An old brother recently B.iidtons: "luaed 

tobacco for forty years and spent for thiit weed 
about S420O. I do not now use it, and mn much 
more healthy than when I used it." Wo give 
this especially for the consideration of the young. 
Do not waste your money, but put it where 
you can honor and glorify the Lord. 

The prospL'cta of securing the Cassel Library 
for Mt. Morns are very good. Thecoulroctie 
marie aad alt that is needtd is for Brethren and 
frieiidd iu Northern Illinois and the Weat to 
raise the money. It is expected to raiao the 
n quired amoiiut by donalioni). Full particulars 
will he givdu soon. 

Should not tboje who have been biiptized 
into truth and purity, make greater eff.jrts in 
true living? Should not more attention be 
given the quality and quantity of food we use 
so that the "'temple of tho Holy Ghost" may 
not be defiled? Are not the "goodies" on our 
tables sapping the foundation of true enjoy- 

We call special attention to Brother Laudon 
West's communicition. We lielieve that if this 
matter he left to children and young people, 
that enough to build a house for the Bretliren 
in Denmark will soon be foith-coniinet. We 
•vill consult tho Lord about this mattrr, and 
then say more about it in another issue. 

Will our agents please accept our heartfelt 
thanks for their labor, in behalf of the Breth- 
RE.V AT Work. You have been diligent in 
husiues?, and earnest in performing what your 
hands found to do. "God id not unrighteous to 
forget yonr work and labors of love." — Heb, 6: 
10. Will yon still CLintinue to do what yon 
can to extend the circulation of the paper? 

The BaplistiFlag thiuks it is "astonishing" 
bow Bible critics overlook thf; "fact" that Je- 
sus washed his disciples" fjet at the house of 
Simon iu Bethany. Just as if that, if it were 
a ftct, wjnid bi a gooi reason to refuse to obey 
the Lord Jesus. Honest Bible critics leave 
(eit-WAshingjui-t where the Holy Spirit and 
Christ p'acid it, viz.: jin the upjier room in Je- 
rusalem, and all the twisHng of the disobedient 
c mnot get out. Chrbt pat it in the public as- 
^j.iib!y, and no lain can take it out. 

THE iJKKa ilJrJilN -c^r \VOiiK_ 


lomi! anil ^amtlg. 

Huflbtuula, love yi>tir wives. Wives. Bulimit yoiir- 
BelVM uiilo your own husliandd, CliUdren, obey 
yonr parnDta. Fathers, pruvolie nut your cLiItlren to 
wratU, Imt briiijf Ihem -ip in tbe nurture and ad- 
monition of tbe Liird. aervania, be obedient to 
them tliat ure your murtt era,— Paul. 


I am raatingfor « moment 

"In tlie bivoiiiic of lite," 
For my lieuit la getting iveary 

Wltli tlie clamur nad tUe strife; 
Looking backward tlirougli tba tungled 

Ma/ea thitt my feet have come, 
Looking forward for tbe glimmer 

or the golden lighla at home; 

Tliroiigb a green and pleasant valley. 

I'p a Bleep and rugged tiill ; 
Through a hot and iirid deaert. 

By II sweet nud silver rill ; 
Scrambling over thorny Jiedgea 

Stretch iag over llowery plains, 
With a touch of blinding sunlight 

And a dash of cooling rains; 

Xliough the sloughs of deep despondence, 

ThrongU the swelUiig tide of grief. 
With ii little whispered comfort. 

And a little kind relief; 
In a calm and in a tempest, 

Now a joy and now a c.ire, 
And a little tearful tugging 

At the golden toar of prayer; 

Wilb ii getting, and a giving. 

And a taste of transient bliss, 
Aud the soul's incessant yearning 

For a something more than this ; 
So we pilgrima thread the journey 

With a weak and wise intent. 
While God's angels keepthe record 

Of each day's nccomplish'nient. 

— Waif WowUam/ 


U Til Y son," said liis mother, to a Haxen- 
llX haired hoy, five years old, who was try- 
ing to rub out some pencil-marks he had made 
on paper, "My son, do you not know that God 
writes down all you do in a book? He writes 
every iinughty word, every disobedient act, 
every time you indulge in temper, aud shake 
your shoulder, or pout your lips; and, my hoy, 
you can never rub it out." 

The Httle boy's face grew very red, and i» a 
momeut t«ara ran down his cheeks. His moth- 
er looked enraestly at him, but she said nothing 
more. At length be came softly to her side, 
threw bis arms around her neck, aud whisper- 
ed, "Can the blood ol" Jesus rub it out?" 

Dear children, Christ's blood can rub out the 
record of your sins, for it is written in God's 
lioly Word, "The blood of Jesus Christ, bis 
Son, cleanseth us from all sin!" 


WE wish to say a word to you, youny ladie.f, 
about your influence over young men. 
Did you ever realize that you could hiive any 
iMlluence over them? We believe that a young 
lady, by her constant, consistent. Christian 
example, may exert an untold power. You do 
not know the respect, and almost worship, 
which young men, no matter how wicked tbey 
may be themselves, pay to a consistent Christian 
lady, be she young or old, A gentleman ouce 
said of a lady who boarded ill the same house 
with him, that ber life was a constant proof of 
the truth of tbe Christian religion. Often the 
simple rrqupst of alady will keep a young man 
from doing wrong. We have known tliis to be 
tbe case very frequently; and young men have 
bpen kept from breaki g the Sabbath, from 
drinking, from cbewing, jnst because a lady 
whom tbey respectud, aud for whom they bad 
an affection, requested it. A tract given, an 
invitation to go to church, a request that your 
friend would read tbe Bible daily, will often be 
regarded w-hen more powerful appeals from 
other sources would fall unheeded from his 

jther." no angel would come down here with a 
big <jaid of toliocco in his mouth." 

Slie !.hut the door in his fac-. leaving tbe 
good man to the mercy of the rain and to his 

own reflections. 


A METHODIST minister, tbe Rev. Mr. H— , 
wafl a good mau, but rough in his ways, 
and very fond of chewing tobacco. 

Oue day he wa.s caught in a shower ia lUi- 
uaia, and going to a rude cabin near by, he 
knocked at tbe door. A abarp-looking old 
dame answered bis summons. He asked for 

"I don'f know y. u," slie replied suspiciously. 

'•Remember the Scriptures," said the dominie. 

"Be not lorgetful to entertan strangers, for 
thereby some have entertained angels una- 

■You needn't say that," quickly returned the 


SAY them over agind many times, until you 
can remember them, and the order in 
which they are given: Adam, Enoch, Abraham, 
Solomon, Christ, John. Repeat them again, 
and then learn the following bit of Bible chro- 

1 From the time Adam was created until 
the time Enoch was translated was a thousand 

2. From the time Enoch was translated un 
tit the time Abraham wa? born was a thousand 

From the time Abraham was born unlit 
the time Solomon dedicated tbe temple was a 
thouHand years. 

4. From the time Solomon dedicated the 
temple until the time Christ was borii was a 
thousand years. 

5. From tbe time Christ was burn until the 
time John died was a hundred yeiint. 

Thus is the Biblebistopy of forty-one hundred 
years divided. — Kitul ii'orc/s. 


IN order that happineas may reign supreme 
in our home circles, each member compris- 
ing that circle mu^t have a benevolent spirit, 
or have a disposition to make others happy. If 
one be heedless of tbe wishes of others, but 
tenacious of his own gratifications, be acts on 
a selfish priucip!e,wbich can sunder all humani- 
ties. A benevolent spirit will lead to frequent 
self-denials for good, and it is tbe corner- 
itoue on which tbe happiness of home must 
rest. Everything which wilt be likely to dis- 
please, if unueces.'iary, should be avoided. The 
happiness of a day may be destroyed by a sin- 
3 word or action, and its repetition may keep 
family in constant turmoil. Small things 
may embitter life. He who would knowingly 
give unnecessary pain is wanting in human feel' 
ings, No one that knows himself imagines 
that he is perfect, even as a social being. He 
needs the forbearance of others, and he must 
be willing to extend it to them- To ask per 
fiiCtioD in others when one has only imperfec- 
tions to give in return, is not a fair exchange. 
There will often be difference of opinion, but 
there need be no alienation of feeling. Let thy 
judgment lean to tbe side of charity, and what 
charity cannot cover, let forbearance excuse. 
Be ready to ask forgiveness. Many are too lit- 
tle to do this, hut nothing can so stamp one's 
character with the seal of true greatness, as a 
free, open, penitent acknowledgement of a 
wrong. When such spirit.^ are together, 
harmony cannot be broken tliough tlie house 
be siuait. Avoid a spirit of reserve. If charac- 
teristic of a family in their relations to each 
other,! '^ stops tbe spontaneous outflowing of 
teeling and thought; it desolates sympathy, 
chills affection, and thus breaks tbe sweetest 
charms of home. Au open expression of thought 
and feeling leads to a wider comparison of 
views, to more intv;lligent judgments, aud to a 
knowledge of one another, which removes dis- 
trust, aud forms tlie only true basis of mutual 
confidence and sympathy. 

Cultivate a relish for useful kuowledgo. Some 
of the family, at least, have leisure. Let them 
so use it as to increase the common stock of 
knowledge. If a family dwell only on the rou- 
tine ot daily affairs, or on events ot mere 
local importance, their minds will waut vigor 
anil scope. The hour of leisure will drag heav- 
ily; life will pass in a dull monotony, and home 
will be wanting in attractiveness. But enlarge 
and elevate the thoughts of the home circle, 
aud it will give vigor to the intellect and fresh- 
ness to the feelings. It will awaken tbe spirit 
of inquiry, prompt to diligent reading and 
study, and pour into the daily converaation^ 
vivacity, variety, and elevated tentiment. Let 
yo JU;^ minds expand, surrounded by a spirit of 
intelligeoce, which reads, which investigates; 
not mere news of the day, but that which is nf 
substantial importance — the very kernt:! of 
truth. It is dangerous to the happiness of a 
fa^uily, if its leading members sink into mental 
sluggishness. Many a young mind has sought 
low and vicious excitement abroad, for want of 
[in'iper mental employment at home. 

Lastly, cultivate tbe social affections. Noth- 
ing cau supply their waat. They give to do- 
mestic life its bloom aud fragrance; under theii 
tiittuence every burden is light, every employ- 
lu-int cheerful, tvery call met. Without them 

all mutual service is a kind of task work, and 
life itself told and cbeerl«-s. Absence of duty, 
however strong, is not suflicii'nt. A determin- 
ation to dn just what oue is obliged to do in tbe 
thousand little cares of domestic life overta-ks 
the conscience, and leaves little room for the 
culture ol the affections. They may he cher- 
ishi-d directly by little attentions and kindnesses 
which feed them; indirectly, by avoiding what- 
ever drinks up their life, viz.: seeking pleasure 
abroad, apart Irom the family; self-indulgence; 
too absorbing pursuit of wealth or honor; any- 
thing aud everj'thing which baa a tendency to 

Dtcaliii; Ahlin.iia. 


•■Lovst tliou Me?"— John 21;15. 


'pHERE are various ways in which we can 
.1 manifest our affection towards one another. 
A peaceful disposition towards our fellow-man is 
an attribute to happiness. Social interviews 
with freinds are means of promoting our love. 
Not a few make a "dinner" or a "supper" and 
in their manner of feasting is fhe way only, in 
which tbey can manifest their love and Christian 
cnurtesy. Although a "feast" is not forbidden 
yet when kindred hearts meet togetheriu agen- 
eral or a private assembly, there is a means sus- 
ce|»tible of promoting love, happiness and chris- 
tian courtesy while the body may be made to 
fcHSt, that of drinking deep in the cup ofblissful 
obedience to the commands of Jesus aud of liv- 
ing in close proximity to the Golden Rule, do un- 
to others as you would have them do uutu you. 
While the foregoing suggestions are prolific 
sources of promoting Christian affection, thera 
is a command given, unto the Christian for his 
olnervance, by tbe voice of inspiration that if 
engaged in with motives as pure as the Givers 
will be a true exhibit of our love, bringing our 
h .irts toijether that nouglit but death can break. 
That command is tlie salutation of the holy kian, 
2nd Cor. 13: 12. Euemies cannot engage in fra- 
ternal greeiing ot any kind. Engaging in the 
salutation with feelings of envy, hatred or other 
impure motives is not a fwlij kiss, hence a couv 
mandof Jesus is violated andholy trust betray 
ed, Tbe child of God reali/mg that no blessing 
will follow the observance of any command when 
engaged in from impure motives, on hopefully 
rely that kindred spirits obeying God exhibit 
Inie motive in obaerviug this holy command. 
Then can we exhibit true love and Christian af 
lection. Then need we not ask our brother "lov 
est thou me?" for the act is accepted for the ex- 
pression "I do". "Simon, son of Jonas, Invest 
thou me?'' calls forth from the christian. Si 
manifeiitation of his love as much to-day as it did 
in the days of Christ's Incaruation. If you love 
me Simon, give me some exhibition of your love. 
"Feed my sheep," and "Feed my iambs." Do 
something that all may see that you love Christ 
aud his children. "Inasmuch as ye have dom 
it uuto one of the least of these my brethren, ye 
have done it unto me." While we may do mani/ 
things towards our brethren as an exhibition ot 
our love, where is there a greater than that of 
tbe salutation of the holy kiss? It is au ex- 
pression of love. It is that token of love the 
fond moth'^r gives her sweet innoceut as it lies 
upon her breast, Wheu the gentry meet each 
other in public or private assembly they ex- 
change the salutatioQ as au espression of their 
tender regard. When friends separate ont 
from another for distant lands, the thought he 
fore them that perhaps never more they shall 
meet upon earth, how affecting the parting 
scene! Hearts yearning with affection, the 
falling tear, the pressure of tbe hand and the 
iiuule — a salutation of the kiss. If the saluta- 
tiou is thus practiced among friends and the 
gentry, why not among the children of God? 
Is it nnt more reasonable they should love one 
another with pure hearts aud exhibit to each 
other a manifestation of that which dwelleth 
ill the heart? luasmucbas the salutation of 
the holy kiss is repeatedly commanded in the 
Bible, should the children of God treat this 
commandment with less reipect than that of 
other commands? Not at all. 

God has instituted all the means of grace 
for the acceptance an 1 observance of the Chris- 
tian that be might have all done and be able to 
stand when all the solemn realities of the julg- 
meut are before liim. 

The ancients also observed the salutation not 
only as a common greeting but upon religions 
occasions. Tfrtulliao, Vol. l,p. 6<!, in reference 
to the kiss, says, "It. was the custom of women to 
kiss their relatives" and domestically speaking, 
"where is that happiness of married life, ever so 
desirable, which diah"ngniih-d our earlier man- 

leni, and as the result of which for about 600 
(■ears there was not among us a single divorce?" 
Also on page 1113. Vol. 1. Itebgiously he 
mentions the kiss of peace after prayer, "Such 
as are fasting withhold the kiss of peaca, which 
is the seal of prayer, after prayer made with 
brethren." "So, too, on the day ul the pasi- 
over, when the religious observance of a fa-st it) 
general, aud as it were public, we justly forego 
the kiss, caring nothing to conceal anything 
which we do iu common to all." It was a pub- 
tic manifestation of their love on their relig- 
ious occasions, biuding them together in Chris- 
tian fellowship. Thus we see the "holy kiss," 
"kiss of peace," and "kiss of charity," was ob- 
served as a command of God in the public as- 
sembly of the saints by the early Christians, 
and was perpetuated by them, and to-day 
among the children of God this same token, 
"lovest thou me" is given in the observance ol 
the salutation. Let ua then, my dear followers 
of Jesus, continue to observe this command 
among the "all things," and tbe "lo I am with 
you always even unto the end" will bo our 
guide through life and ultimately laud ua safely 
to that home ofglory in thebrigbtand glorious 

0n«t gjBIit pms. 

' Tht Worth of Truth no Tongue Can Tell." 

This (lepartmeul la designed for asking and an- 
iweringquestlona. drawn from the Bible. In or- 
jer to promote the Trutli, all questions should be 
orlef, and clothed In simple language. We shall 
dttHign questions to our contributors to answer, 
oat ihia does not exclude any others writing upon 
the same topic. 

Will someone please explain John IJ: lav It 
reads as follows: "Verily verily I say unto you. 
He that belleveth on me, the works that I do shall 
he do also; and greater works than these shall he 
do ; because I go uuto oiy Father." 

RiLEi- Stump. 

WE have heard no lass than four explana- 
tions offered as the meaning of this 
verse. The fourth and last was given in the 
BiiETHRBN AT WoiiK. No. 47, hy S. C. Miller, 
and we now give the others: 

1st. By some it is said to mean that the 
disciples would, alter the Master had gone to 
the Father in heaven, have a longer time to 
work than he had hod, and for that reason they 
could do more and greater works than he had 
done. He filled the mission as the Great Teach- 
er withiQ three years or a title more, whilst 
quite all have much more time to work. 

2i. Others take the view that he meant just 
what he said, and that after he had ascended to 
fhe Father and the Holy Spirit had come they 
(the disciples) did actually perform as great and 
greater miracles than the Lord had done while 
yetwith them. 3eeAct35:16; 19:12;20:7. 
1^; 28; 3, 6. See also Acts 10: 44, 45; 19: 18, 
19; 24: 25; 26: 27, 28. 

3d. There are still others who take the view 
that the act of going uuto the Father, spoken 
of iu the last of the verse, was a greater work 
than any which he had yet done, aud as he had 
promised to come and take them to heaven, 
they would also accomplish the same great act 
and that would be more and greater to them 
and for them than any thing ho had yet done. 

4, Our own view is that he meant all these 
combined; that the disciples would have longer 
time aud do greater work; would do many 
things he had not done, and that they, too, 
would he taken to heaven where their names 
were written; (Luke 10: 20) and this last would 
be the greatest of all- See Phil. 3: U. 

Landon Whst. 


Will some brother or sister pleitse give an expla- 
nation on Mark I): 40? It reads aa follows: "For 
every one shall be salted with lire, and every aacri- 
flce shall be salted with salt." 


TH13 issomewhatdifficult to answer. Salt, 
we know, preserves from corruption. 
That we are salted with the everla'iting flame 
of God's love is no doubt true, hence our ability 
to walk iu truth. The spirit burns up those 
impurities that are in us, hence it is likened 
unto fire. Taken in a literal sense, it is awful 
indeed. The wicked sufl'er, not being able to 
die; burned without being consumed; salted 
with the fire »f hell. If taken literally this is 
it" meaning. But the Savior seems to allude 
to E/ekiel, 43:24, where reference is made to 
the sin-offering. "Every sacrifice shall be salt- 
ed with salt." Thi- had reference to tbe Chris- 
tian's sacrifice. Where there i-s a sacrifice, 
something becter must result, and that better 
thing must b^ preserved, and the thing which 
preserves, Christ calls "salt," He himself pre- 
serves, hence may well he regarded as the Chris- 
tian's salt. "God id a consuming fire," aud fire 
purifies. Now, since God consumes all dross, 
do not we, when we yield ourselves as templc.« 
for Lis indwelling, place ourstlves in the cruci- 
ble to be salted with fire? As God is inconanni- 
able, so wilt all such be who are saitt-d wilh 
fire. M. H. B. 

Jan- 13 



TtiuM \hlnp *r)I' w* 1 


From Cornell, III. 

J/mr Brrthrrn.— 

^Nthe 13th of November Brethren J. R. 
and G. W. GUh, of Woodford County 
andJoliii Y. Snavely, of McLean Couiif,y, came 
to assist ua \u our church jomicil. I can truth- 
fully flay thftt iha brethren labored lacthfiiHy 
to make things right iii the house of the Lorri. 
Brethren and siaters, pray for ua that we may 
do better in days to come than we have lu daya 
that are past. The time won't be long uniil 
we have to leave this world, and, lot ua try to 
moke our peace and calling aud election sure 
before it ia too Inte. N. S. Dale, 


Fellowship Withdrawn. 

lirethmi Editors: — 

the Brethren oFYellow River District 
Iiid., met in church council Dec 13i,li. 
There were present on the occajiun three or- 
dained elders. J. H. Swihart appeared and 
stated before the church that he was di-salii-lied 
with the Dunkard Ohurch, that he had united 
with theorgauiziitiou known as ' TlieCripeitea" 
or "Congregational Brethren," and that he 
would withdraw from the church. He bade us 
go id-bye and left us in council. The church 
lias now disowned him and holds no fellowship 

church, commencing December 13th, and cl s- ' with him. We send this as a warning to the 

ing Dectmber 22nd. Notwithstanding the ir- ' general Brotherhood. 

clemency of the weather, there was a good at- Georoe W. Armantrout. 

tendance. Though there were no accesaions to Joseph Pery. 


Prom Robinson, Kansas. 

Dear Brethren: — 

KOTH KH W. H. U. SB\vyer held a series of 
nieetiuga in this arm of the Pony Creek 

great deal more use than where Iroiu t<.'ii \" 
twenty niiuiaters a^denible at one nieeticg 
Hi-r^ the lalis are more than we can fill; and 
there urf plenty of localities here in Southwest 
Missouri or Southern KaDsa.'i where hundreds 
of familieii could settle clu^e together, build up 
a church and have all the ci nveniences of an 
old country in a very short time. Good mills. 
good .'itores, and good Hociety, and cheap hind 
for all. And they will be welcomed by an order 
loving people SClics, 

openiiig of the term 
tions, we will have a 

From pres'nt indici- 
fuli school the coining 
Ella J. BBiruBAUOH. 


our number, we were much streugthourd in the 
cause, aud afriendiy feeling was created amorg 
outsiders. W. A. Jaqi^es. 


IN a communication from our arm of the 
church in volume i, No. 50, 8th page, 

there is a niiatake in the heading. It should 
rend South Solomon Valley Church. Our dis- 
trict hua been divided, and what was k-nown aa 
the Solomon Valley Church is no more. There 
ia now the Sooth nnd the North Solomon Val- 
ley churches. The brethren here have reques- 
ted me to tvrite to you aud have you make the 
correction as aoon as possible. 

JoHK Fuller 
Fotlervillc, Kan. 

David Wolf. 
Darlin S. Hale. 


Bourbon, Ind. 

(Primilive Christian, please copy.) 

From Huntington, Ind. 

PREACHED in the M. E. church in New 
Waverly Dee. 18. Solicited to return. 
Next at Mexico, where I spent . several days 
among brethren and their children, and held 
five meetings. Church prosperous; Geo. Brower, 
David Keiffer, Jacob Baruhart and It-aiic Fisher 
are the bishops, aud Daniel Balsbaugh, Samuel 
Myelin and 7J. Fisher are the ministers. Thanks 
to all for their kindness. This is December 31itt, 
the close of another year. When we commenced 
it, we resolved to do all we 'could iu the Mas- 
ter's field, but when we look back we see a num- 
ber of niistakea. May the Lord give us grace 
to commence this year with neal aud resolu- 
tions to do better. We have naught to boast 
of. Traveled 5,201 milea and preached 173 dis- 
courses — all by the grace of God. 

Sahi'el Murhay. 

A Silent Worker. 

BROTHER R. H, Miller's work, The Doc- 
trine of the Brethren Defended, has done, 
and ia still doing, a great -work in this place. It 
has convinced some, and goes on convincing 
others, that the doctrine taught and practiced 
by the Brethren is iu perfect harmony with 
Christ and the apostles. It makes people "read 
the Scriptures;" and the more they become ac- 
quainted with the word of God, the more they 
are convinced that the Brethren occupy safe 
ground. Many say they have been long in 
darkness, but light has now appeared unto 
them, and they are now ready to imitate Jesus, 
walk iu his steps. May the God of grace bless 
themwitlius in our endeavor to understand 
and enjoy the benefits of hia glorious gospel. 
Mary C. Norman, 
Sharon, MintJ. 

Too Thick To Thrive. 

WE notice in number 50, volnme 4, a short 
article from the pen of Brother I J Ros- 
enberger, giving alittleof hisesperience, among 
some of the large churchea iu the Miami Val 
ley, how they were crowded at their Love-feasts; 
and soi^gest,', as a remedy, that several churches, 
by mutual consent, have their feasts on the same 
day. Now we think we can suggest a plan that 
would tend more to the glory of God and the 
building up of the Savior's kingdom. Our prop- 
osition is that some of the stauuch old pillars 
in those large churches form a colony of young 
brethren and sisters aud emigrate to some of 
our Western States where they would have am- 
ple room to spread the doctrine and be of a 

From Wooster Church, Ohio. 

Dear Brethren: — 

WE shall commence a series of meetings as 
soon as convenient after our neighbor- 
ing churches are through with theirs. The 
Chippewa Church has one in progress now. 

The Paradise Sunday-school closed its third 
term last Sunday. It was under the supervision 
of Brother S, J. King, and Brother Henry 
Hunsherger, assistant, The school, since its 
organization, haa been attended with considera- 
ble interest. Average attendance of scholars, 
57, besides viaitors; Number of Children at 
Work distributed weekly, 75. A re-orgauiza- 
tion was effected last Sunday by the election of 
Brother Isacc Steel Superintendent, and Broth- 
Aaron Hestand, Assistant; other officers were 
retained. Now, that the Winter season ia up- 
on us, and the weather not ao favorable for the 
little folks to attend, the question has been 
asked. Shall we chauge it to a Bible Class or a 
Social Meeting? But a number of the little 
folks say if they are permitted a voice in the 
matter, they will vote for a continuation of the 
school, and we think they should be heard. 
The school being close to the line of the Orr- 
ville Church, some of its membera attended 
and did good service. Also Brother Lytle, from 
the same district preached for us an acceptable 
sermon a few days ago. C. Hoover, 

From Landon West. 

Dear BrelJiren: — 

^"f r loug hiuce we saw a word from Brother 
Hope of Dfumark, in which n conjectui* 
wusexpreHsed, whether the urciiin-u aodSisters 
of America would or would not aid in building 
a church lor (he little boiiy beyond the ocean. 
X have seen no more notice of the matter, and 
know not whether anything is being done to se- 
cure this wish of the mtmhera there, or not. 
But I think it can be done. 

On last night I stated tne facts to my little 
girl. when she at once said "I will give one dollar 
for it." In ashort time my little boy (of S years) 
came iu when I repeated the same to him, and 
he, withoutkuowiug what had been talked a- 
bout before hia coming in, said: "I can give a 
dollar or more." 

I wish to call the attention of you,brethren, to 
this raatter;and if you think it advisable toopea 
a fuud for the purpose of aiding the Danes 
in erecting a meeting house, we can promise v ou 
three dollars, and perhaps more, trom tte little 
folks of thi- part, and they give it free as air. 
Should you wish to make it the fruit of our chil- 
dren's gift, (and they alone) to the cause of our 
Master, you can do so, for 1 feel thpy will 
most rendily do it. Besides, if we want the suc- 
ceeding generation to be liberal, to aid in any 
good work, that spirit must be cultivated while 
young. Who would not feel to thank God for 
the Gospel, when he would think tliat the first 
aud only house of worship, he had in hia nation 
was the gift of the little ones far away, who had 
all been taught to love Jesus ond who all felt 
that they,too. should do something to the honor 
of hia name and for the happiness of his people? 

I have not yet began my miasion work forthe 
winter but am to3tart on the Mth for a winter 
term, I go first to Clermout Co., 0., and after 
that into districts on the Miami. Pray for ua 
and the good work. 

sire 1 oUcr ii won! of tender eucounieement. You 
have b.ddeu.h.,. t . ti.- v ,u,.i-s ..LUaahiona 
ot thit vain world, you haveespoaaed the cause 
of a crucified Redeemer Now go there into the 
gatd.-n of G-th'-eman,', ia the spirit, behold the 
Lamb ol God, wn.uh,„i.'. ag.M,i/.ing, ..-d bfeed- 
irig. And,.i.terK..tie I iuvite you to stoop 
rtown and wipe away that bleeding pe spir.ilton 
while your 3i3t«r Annie, tender and aflectionntA 
caresses that troubled brow; and you, too. dear 
uncle in that raomeut of deeiiest sympathy, otfer 
a sup of cool water for tbat "cup is bitter, in- 
deed." Now follow that same Jesus, see his 
arrest, listen to his mock trial, behold him as 
he plods along the hill.side. 0, how submissive! 
What a lesson of humility, even submitting to 
a penal death upon the cross! This is the cost 
of oHC redemption. Truly, it has beeu dearly 
bought. But again I remark, we are glad to 
see you come. Angels have been made to re- 
joice! Oh what a glorious time that must 
have been when your angel brother Sammie 
heralded thejoyful news to the angelic hosta 
of heaven that papa hiacomeiyea sister Annie 
and Katie have come. too. Methinka I cim 
hear hislisping accents, when he notifies the 
choristers in thut fir away home to ring the 
helia of heaven. How vitally important it is 
that we should all give heed to the doctnne, 
when even the hosts of hoiiveu such a 
great, concern about us. Dearly beloved in the 
Lord, let us all watch and pray that we may 
not be lound wanting , when the summon 

Enclosed I send you a few sobscribers for 
your much esteemed paper. I am receiving al- 
most all the Brethren's periodicals, but I can- 
not think of stopping my Brethren- at Woitk. 
Yours in the bon^ts of peace, 

B. F. Foreman. 

From Huntingdon, Pa. 

TO DAY we met in the chapel at 9 o'clock 
for Sabbath-school, as usual. The school 
was not as large this moruiug as it was on 
Thursday morning when we met to distribute 
the little Christmas-gifts which we had for 
the children, yet, considering the cold weath- 
er and the thiu clothing worn by some, there 
were quite a number out. that some parents 
did appreciate more fully their duty to their 
children! After consuming the usual time 
(about an hour and a cjuarter) with the children, 
they were dismissed, aud we were seated, ready 
for the services of the day. Brother Quiuter 
preached an interesting discourse from the lat- 
ter part of the 14th chapter of Matthew, "Je- 
sus walking on the sea." He told us that things 
that might be considered impossible, Christ 
has made possible. Not only was it possible 
for Christ to walk on the water, but also for 

This evening we again went to the place of 
worship. Brother H. B. B. spoke from the 
words, "Bring forth ttie best robe and put it on 
him," These worda ore found in the 22nd 
verse of the loth chapter of Luke. He to!d us 
that the bat robe was the robe of righteous- 
ness; that it is the best one because of its cost, 
its durability, and its adaptation to all times 
and circumstances, and advisel all to doo it. 

Br.ither W. J. Swigart, our other mlni>ter, 
wtnt down to Maitland, in the Dry Valley Con- 
gregiitiou to visit his atHicted lather, who is 
some better now. 

The most of our students are at their homes, 
enjoying, we hope, their vacatiou. We shall 
gladly welc;;me them back, for their peseuce 
cheers and encourages ua. Some new students 
have been here for several days awaiting the 

From Upton, Pennsylvania. 

Dmr Brethren :— 

ABSENT, though not forgotten. Ho- 
memory clings to the many incidents,which 
triinapired in and arouud the dear old town of 
Lanark during my sojourn among you! Per- 
hapi it would Jiot be appropriate to use the term 
"old" when writing about your town, but you 
know there is always something endearing to 
that expression, when applied to things we love 
and cherish. I would be doing injustice to my 
own convictions if I were to speak in any otiier 
terms, but those of love and joy and peace. Oh! 
what a consolation that I can say with Jiaas — 
just shortly belore he took his final departure 
from his disciples, — "Peace I leave with you; my 
peace I give unto you," — John li;27 

Though absent in body my spirit ia often with 
you, and while my right armembrace.s Brother 
Matthew my left encircles Brother John, while 
at the same time the one hand presses softly 
the kind baud of Brother Stephen, the other 
points upward and onward toward the far away 
city of God,— constling thought, indeed I But 
oh! when ahali we meet again, meet ne'er to 
sever? I would love to dwell upon this beauti- 
theme of Heaveu, but I fear my article will be- 
come too lengthy. I intended to tellyouofthe 
glorious results of a aeries of meetings just clceed 
in our district at the LTpton and Brandt's meet- 
ing houses, conducted by Bro, Silas Hoover. 
On tne evening of the 13th of Dec. he opened 
the meeting, preaching morning and evening, 
until yesterday (Christmas) noon, the everlast- 
ing truths of Jesus, cutting to the right aud to 
the left, sparinf; none, but with a heart full of 
love for the cause he has espoused, aud. cling- 
ing close to the cross of a bleeding and crucifi- 
ed Redeemer, he went forth with the gospel 
sickle in hand, aud oh blessed happy thought! 
soon repentant sinners began to fail, nntil 
twelve new names were enrolled among 
the redeemed and sanctified. Among this num- 
ber are some who stood for many years, wan- 
dering and doubting, apparently unable to 
shake off the shacklea of sin and Satan, yet 
their desires and sympathies were with the 
church, aud no sooner had they made the con- 
fession and performed their part, than they 
manifested a regret that they had deferred this 
all important matter until such a late period 
in life. 

To you all, dear brethren and sister?, we bid 
you a hearty welcome— prompting you to tlie 
cross, and to Jesus our elder Brother, Savior, 
aud Mediator, who is continually pleading 
with the great I Am, in our Whalf for our 
many imperfections and short comings. To Fear God, and keep his commandments, for 
my dear uncle and_two cousins 1 especially de- 1 thjs is the whole duty of man. 

The VVestern Home Missionary Socctly. 

BROTHERJ.P. Moomaw on page 4, No. 
46 of B. AT W , aft-r referring to the city 
and other uiissiona of the Brethren, anJ stating 
the urgent calls made in the far West for breth- 
ren to come and preach, asks, "Will not some 
brother give a plan for the frontier miaBionai*" 
The numerous culls made upon ua in the 
far West press heavily upon us ao that it 
seems something must be dozie or aome plan 
must be adopted by which these calls may be 
more fully met. Therefore, we, the brethren 
of the White Rnck Congregation have adopted 
the following plan: 

1st. A committee of six brethren have beeu 
appointed to control the business of the Soci- 
ety—one to act a.<i treasurer, one as clerk, one 
as soliciting agent, and three others to act in 
connection as directors in appropriating the 
funds raised for the purposes of the Society. 
The object of the Society is to fill the calls' 
in isolated places and among scattered members 
in the far West. 

The plan of the Society is subject to such 
changes or amendments from time to time aa 
may be necessary to adapt it more fully to ac- 
complish the very important object to be at- 
tained. James L. Switzek. 

[The following certificates have been sent to 
us for publication, so that brethren may know 
that the work is being done by churches ■- 

pony creek certificate, 
"We, the Brethren of Pony Creek District, 
Brown County, Kansas, in council aasembled, 
hereby certify that we heartily approve of the 
misaionary work in which the "Western Home 
Missionary Society" ia engaged, and we do not 
hesitate to say it is a work that ia necessary 
and comLsendable. and we believe will be the 
means of doing much good in building up the 
church in the far West. We, therefore, hert^ 
by cheerfully recommend Brother Switzer and 
the mission to the favorable consideration of 
the brethren every where." 

Signed, Jonathan J. LicuTv, Daniel A. 
LicHTv. E. Berkley, W. H. Mlsseh, Wm. M. 
LiCHTY, and a number of others representing 
the meeting. 

western home Ml;^SICNAHy SOCIETY. 
"We, the brethren of the Wtiite Rock Con- 
gregation, .lewell County, Kansas, hereby certi- 
fy that Elder James Swit?*r has been duly ap- 
pointed by the Western Home Missionary 
Society to act as their sohciting agent through- 
out the Brotherhood, ai>d we recommend him 
an-l V'is mission to their prayerful considera- 
Geohoe Detrick, j 
La^vhknce Garman, \ Committee. 
Hekby Wyland, ) 

Wave Giiubb, Treaa. 
George Deteii^, Clerk. 

Jnn- 13 

Till!: liRKTHKl!.:^ ^T "VVOKlv. 

(fjosiiet ^ufccrts. 

ANit lliey that be wise ahiill sMne as the 
brlpMnrPBi-f th(!llni)anipnt:and th^y that turn 
nuny In rJRlit^'iuBntiiis, oa the ataiB forever and 
e»pr.— IliiD. Vi: 3. 

Qreatjy Creek, Va. — Two more have been 
recftivi'd into f>.>]lotvsbip io our congregation, 
and others "almost persuaded." C. D. H, 

Middle River Church, Va— We report from 
here two ynung sisters baptized on Tuesday the 
80th ot Dec. Lbti Qarber. 

Nevada, Mo — At the Love-faast here four 
precimia aouls made the good cnnfeasion and 
were buried in the clear waters of Cedar Creek. 
S. Click. 

Panther Creek, Iowa,— Our church is in a 
prospi-rou^ condition. Four cnme out to serve 
the Lord in November. We have cold weather 
at preHpnt. Health good. I. Myers. 

From Bro. Hoover.— Since my last report I 
conductt^d u series of meetinga in Franklin Co , 
Pa,, which resulted in twelve additions to the 
church One of them was a deacon in the Ger- 
man Rttformed Church for some jeiira,. 

Ryerson's StatioD, Ohio. — Held mf'eMng here 
one week. Five additions by baptism — all young 
persons. Am now in Qreen Springs, and will 
remain one week. John Wise. 

Clifton MUls, W. Va— Our church met in 
council on the 20lh. One wa.s reclaimed. The 
ffifetiug passed ciff pleasantly and union of feel- 
ing seemed to prevail. J. M. Ridkn i r. 

Berlin, Pa —We have a series of meetinga in 
progrewH at the Kimmel church- Brethren H. 
R. Holsiuger and Beer preached the woril in 
ita primitive purity. Five precious souls were 
maHe willing to turn to the Lord and were bu- 
ried with Christ in baptism. B. M. 

Salem, 111 —Our church is in a prosperous 
comiition. Rf'ceutly our home ministers have 
conducted a series of meetinus, and as a 
four precious souls were addfd to the church by 
baptism, and the members were much edified. 
To God may all the praise be given. 

J. F. Neher. 

Norton Co., Kan — We are having very cold 
weather — tight degrees below zero hut no snow. 
The members all seem to he cheerful and alive 
in the Master's cause. Bro. E. J. Strayer is 
very low with consumption. We expect to 
hold a with him. N. C. Workman. 

Rossville, Ind— Brother Lewis Kinsey and 
I left home Nov. 3rd, on a mission ami re- 
turned Dec. 18th, having been from home over 
six weeks. During this time we held sixty- 
three meetings, preached where the Brethren's 
doctrine was unknown, baptized four, restored 
one, held two commnnion meetings, the first 
one near Shoals, the second in Pike county. By 
the grace of God we tried to sow the good seed. 
which we hope will eventually grow to harvest. 
Isaac Cripe. 

From Jesse ChI vert.— Arrived at South Bend. 
Indiana, December 8tb, and commenced meet- 
ing*; continued until the 22nd- Thirty were 
added by baptism, and one restored. Had a 
communion, and it was a feast iudefd. At 
feet-wasbing, the one that washed also wiped, 
and duriug this exercise the supper, bread and 
wine were on the table. Good order, and all 
seemed to enjoy the meeting. Two brethrt-n 
were recently chosen to the ministry in this 
ohurcb, and it is in a prosperous condition. 

Bringhurst, Ind— Love and union prevails 
here as t;ir a^ I know. Occasionally one leaves 
the camp of sin, and joins in with the people of 
God. Brother Branson came to us Dec. 17tb, 
and is holding forth the word with bumble 
boldness to large congregations. He will per- 
haps continue about a week. What the result 
will be, the Lord only knows. Hope that many 
may not almost, but altogether be persuaded to 
be Christians. Henry Lasdis. 

Lesson Leaves. 

YES, brother E., vote them out. Of what 
benefit can they be to the Sunday-school ? 
We have all along been opposed to that stTre^ 
otyped form of interpretation. There is a gol- 
den t.?xt and central thought in every verse in 
the Bible. The foimer;is found in John 13:lo. 
in the words, "For I have given you an exum- 
pie that ye should do as I have done to you." 
The latter to be willing to do it, not to blacken 
somebody's boots in lieu thereof. It is about 
time tl>at Christians stand up for the letter of 
the law having (be spirit of Ctiiist; Rom. S: 9 
wh<cliisob.d.enco,(Phi). 2: S,) regardless ot 
wha. learned men may say, who gather ideas 
out of the scale of public opinion, lest they fall 
into coudenmation. Remember that it is the 

"little foxca that spoil the vines." Our period- 
icals are the medium for the dissemination of 
these graud ideas that undr-rlie ttie Christian 
economy, to wit that God manifests himself in 
simplicity. J, F. Ebersole. 

Shot Himself. 

ON the last day of December B young man 
near Hudson, Illinois shot and killed him- 
flelf. He went to town, and on his way home 
called at a friend's house to get his gnn, and 
while there seemed to be engaged in reflection. 
He started for home, hut soon returned and bade 
them farewell and said he felt strangely, and if 
he did not soon feel better he would be com- 
pelled to do something. He set his gun against 
the fence, mounted his horse, and then drew 
his gun up. and as he did so the contents were 
discharged, entering bis left side. The report 
of the gun caused the horse to move forward a 
little; and then the young man fell to the 
ground. He arose and ran a few st^pa, then 
fell. He arose the second time, ran a short dis- 
tance and again fell. By this time friends came 
to his assistance, and carried him to the house. 
He rpquested them to send for his parents, hut 
in twenty minutes from the time he was shot 
he was dead. His last words were; "Tell moth- 
er I am dying." He was buried Jan. 1st., and 
truly this was a sad New Year day to some. 
May this be a warning to others. 

Michael F. SnaVely. 


BRETHREN Harper and Gibson of Missouri, 
called with us and preached sevi-ral ser- 
mons. On the evening of the 30th of Dec, Bro- 
Harper delivered a discourse from Daniel 2:44. 
Subject, "The Kingdom." The congregation 
was very large and a marked interest was man- 
ifested during the entire services. 

On New Year's morning the church assem- 
bled in council audcontiouod until noon of the 
2nd. During this time Bro. J. H. Moore was 
ordained, one was advanced, one called to the 
ministry and two eleetf d to the office of deacon. 
The church at this place is surrounded by many 
advantages, and by the hearty co-operation and 
united efibit of all, may wield a powerful influ- 
ence and accomplish avast amount ol good. — 
The success of a church does not depend 
ripi^h'the numbtr of members, but the number 
of -Wrtrkers and the character of the work per- 
formed. We munt work for good— labor to 
build up the waste places, go oul and gather 
in those who are'lost and couviuce them that 
we are interested in their welfare. To do this 
often rtquires sacrifices but they should be 
made, and the heart that is prompted to action 
through love to God and man will realize pleas- 
ure in doing so. May we all, during the y.-ar 
jiift entered upou, labor more diligently in the 
Master's cause, so that when we have fini.shed 
the work assigned us, we may hear I he welcome 
applaudit from the Father, "Well done, enter 
into the joya of thy Lord." 

Wealthy A. Clarke. 

Lamrk, III 

Notice to the Churches of the Southern 
District of Illinois. 

HAVING received a note from brother Enoch 
Eby wishing to know liow many church- 
es there are in the Southern District of Illinois 
that are not willing to pay two dollars or more 
to help the Danish Mission as advised by last A. 
M., and as there is still a heavy burden resting 
upon the Northern District, they not knowing 
what to do, or how to proportion the burden 
among their churches, they ask this as a favor; 
for if they must bear the burden they will know 
how to divide it. Many churches in the Broth- 
erhood have paid no atrention to the request of 
A. M. Perhaps it was because the amount 
asked was so small that they thought that their 
little would not be needed; hence the lack on 
our part only increases their burden. I think 
the brethren of Southern Illinois will do their 
part, and in order to ascertain what to do, I 
suggest that each church inform me by card or 
letter, 1st, what it has sent, and 2od, what it is 
willing to send, and then. I shall notify them 
how the matter stands in Southern Illinois 
District. Pl-ase attend to thLs at once; raise 
what you can and send it to C. P. Rjwlaud, 
Lanark, III. If some one will go to v.-ork and 
gather up the "mites" our part will soon be 
contributed; for I am persuaded that there are 
many brethren and sifters who t.,el an interest 
m this good work, and will gladly give to its 
support. What you intend to do, let it be done 
promptly. Too olten what is everybody's bus- 
iness is not attended to; hence I otF..r this addi- 
tional suggestion: Let the delegates of List A. 
M. look after this matter in their respattive 

Districts as they m.iy think bt-nt, and r-ixTt to 
brother Eooeh El>y a^ aonn as pi»s*iblp. or at 
least some time before next A. M 

J. R. GisH. 

An Explanation, 

Dear Brethrejif— 

I FEEL it is in justice to myself to state why 
I appealed for aid for our brother Stick"-!- 
man. I nish frankly and humbly to acknowl- 
edge our ignorance in the matter, not knowing 
that such a course was in opposition to the 
rnlesofthe Church, until, by the request of 
brother Stickelman I made the second appeal; 
then I received a friendly letter from brother 
Eihelman stating that he would no more pub- 
lish personal or private appeals for aid, as it was 
not in keeping with the rules of the general 
Church, as the Church had been imposed upon 
in this way, and to avoid such hereafter the 
Church thought best net to aufl'er private or 
personal appeals for aid to be made in this way. 
I well knew that the churches here in Mis- 
souri hud not yet recovered from the grasshop- 
per scourge, and it certainly would be unri"*- 
sonnble in me to call on them for aid. It is 
true that we have brethren here in Mi^isouri 
who are in very fair circumstances; yet they all 
have those around them that need all the aid 
that they can well afi'urd to give. The grass- 
hopper year was a great drawback and it will 
take some time for all parties to get entirely 
over it. Out of the small sum of^S40 that 
prother S. received, 82 of that amount was 
given by two sisters in Johnson Co., Mo. Now 
I feel confident that if I were to pursue as An- 
nual Meeting has stated, thai I would not nor 
conid not, meet with much succcs as the 
churches are much scattered hero, so much so 
that it will not p;iy us to do so. Brother S. 
thinks that he can get aid from the outside 
public, but preferred to call on his brethren. 
Now I want to assure the Brotherhond that I 
have positively no interest in this at all, more 
than I desire the welfare of the needy, and will 
not work for thosethatimpose upon the Cluirch, 
but firstmustknowlhat they are actually reedy, 
as I positively do know in this case. Please 
pardon me in that wherein I hnve done wrong, 
D- L. Williams. 

f aTr«!n iaTi;.rp. 

Obitntkries ehoutd be brief, irrilUn od but one side of 
paper, and sopornle tVom all otiior bnsinua. 

POLLOCK.— Near Casey, A^air Co., Iowa. 
Nora, iaiant dauu;hter of brother Marion and 
sif^terEllei IMlick. ' D. " 

RARICK.— In the Upper Still Water Church. 
Ohio, Nov. Is>th, 70, brother Jacob Rarick, 
aged 68 years. 8 months, funeral discourse 
from Job 27: 1 to a targe audience. 

E. Hoover. 

SHELLHARE, - Near Lena, III.. Dec. 16, '79. 
brother George Shellhare, aged 67 years, 5 
months. Funeral services by the brethren. 

GLOCK.— Also December 20th, '79, George, 
only child ot brother John and sister It-b^cca 
Gl"ck, aged ;i years, 4 months and 18 days. 
Funeral services from Matt. 19: 13-15. 

SHIVELY.— Near Winslow, Ilk. Dec. oBth. 
'7D, brother Jacob Shively, aged 73 yeart', 3 
months and 13 days. Funeral services from 
Heb. 4: 9-11. Allen Boyer. 

BOWERS.- In the Rome Church, Ohio, Ad- 
am, son ot friends Henry and Lydia Bowers, 
agi-d 2 years, 4 months. Discourse by Eld. 
John Krabill and L. H. Dickey from 2 Kings, 
■1: 26. D. W. LiNiiowEfi. 

TINKEY.— In South Bend District, Indiana, 
Dec 21, '79. sister Rebecca Tinkey. Funeral 
discourse by the writer. Jesse C.\lvert 

MILLER.— In Cedar Creek District, Ind., Ida 
Miiy, daughter of friends Henry and Anna 
Miller, aged 1 year, S mouths and 4 diys. 

CERN- — Also in the same place, Oct. 21st., 
Daniel, son of friend Henry and Emma Om, 
aged 5 months. IS days. Serriceg by the 
writerfroin Matt. 18: 3. Hekiu- Sukev. 

LONGANECKER —In the Lost Creek chnrch, 
Juniata Co., Pa„ Dec. 24th, '79, sister Lydia 
Longenacker, aged 86 years, and 24 days. 
Services by brethren Ezra Smith and Eliaa 
Landis from 2 Timothy, 4: 6, 7, 8. 

JoHH" Hart. 

V00RHEE3.— In Franklin Co , KHOsas. D^c, 
28, 187JI, J. H. Voorhees. aged ,'!4 years. He 
was thrown from his borte wbii-h was the 
caii-e of his unexpected death. He made no 
religious protWsh.n. but was a very success- 
ful doctor, B(id liis moral p-inciples were 
worthy of imitation. FuiieraUervic^s byihe 
brethr9n from Sam. 39: 45. J. Babkhart. 

HILDEBlUND-I.,t.,HPm« Cr«.k C uitr«. 
gallon, Sppt. 14. '7D. Auni^ wife of .)..|ni 3. 
Hildehmud. and ..f brother Henry 
and M-ter Rowland, ag^d 19 jear-, 9 moutha 
ar.d 12 d«vs. H^r remains were fdlowd to 
the Krav^ by a of people. Dl*- 
couive by br^thr.'U John M. Moore and El- 
mond Forney. D. B. Gias .f. 

PETTY.- In the Jonathan's Creek Church, 
P-rry Co., Ohio, July 5th, '79, friend Joaiah 
Petty, aged 45 years. 11 monrhs. 

MILLER -In the Cshoctou Chunh. Ohio, 
Sept 20th, 1879, si.t«r Elizabeth, wile of 
brother Saul Miller, aged 60 years, 4 ni-nths, 

BOUSER,— In the Jonathan's Creek Church, 
Oliio, Sept. 25th, 79, Infmit daughter of 
brother Edward and sister M.irv B outer. 
W. Arnold. 

BILLHIMER.-rn fh6 Middle Fork Church 
Clmton Co., Ind,. Jan, Ist, 1880, sifter Saloma 
C, wite of Elder Isaac Billhimcr, aged 38 
years, 5 months, and 27 days. Her diseiise 
was c.|ng.-(.tion of the stomach. She was 
sick only 1)111.. days. She autlVred much hut 
bnre all wuh Chrisfimi fortitude. She leaves 
akind hu-band audsix children. Thefuneral 
sermon was preach d by Eld. Geo. W. Ctipe 
andSanfordH. Sajlor from 2 Cor. 5: 1, in 
connection with Rev, 23:14, to n Inrg.- con- 
course of people. JoiinEMee;ioeb, 

Annual Meeting Expenses. 

The following is the report of the Treasurer 
of the finance committee of the Annual Meet- 
ing of 1879, held in LiuviUo Creek Church, near 
Broadway, Rockingham Co., Va: 

Amount received of District No, 2, Va....Sifi(KCoo 

■' of sale after meeting,. (i»2 38 

from Idt rents 38.00 

" from a brother |_qq 

■' from bistdct No. i, Va,. Inoludingr,? ija 
collected at tbe Annual Meeting . 0:14(3 

Total g^J^Isi 


Bread, loOOl lt,3 - 2(10.81 

Lumber. -lo, 01 feet, !.!!^r)8,20 

Urown cotton, 1032 yds ' ' .gul^p 

Corn, 7-1 bushels — y^gp 

Hardware, q, gg 

^'shes '.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.' (ii.Q^ 

Groceries , i.i;tai 

f'rt^'B'it :..',.!!!!"!"!'.!. 1029 

Chairs, 2 doK, ai_(j(, 

Labor ^^^l 

B icon, ooy lbs, If* J7 

•ce '...'.'.'.'.'.'.'.u.m 

Urick, aio, a.dliaullng, ^nw 

Hay, 2 tons, jg.oQ 


Baskets, 10,. 


Crying and clerkingsale, 7.50 

Disliwashers 25.00 

Commissary Department, 1.95 

Bagg.ige Department .,..mbo 

Timber and firewood 27_qq 

Hauling ^ \fy^^ 

Mason work, , ^j^ 

Cooks, ^,j^ 

Po"'*;^ .....'..".',87,50 

Commiitee of arrangement, ras.oo 

Itailroad fare, 2 95 

Use of part of Kline's farm qcoo 

Apple-butter, vm\ gals 03.25 

Butter, 1115 11,3 157^^7 

Pickles, 301 dozen jjB.OO 

Tinware ^^^ 

Beef, 211110 lbs. gross, &si).2n 

Lc-avinga debt of SIM,4l. " ' '' 

John Zkiler, TREAfii-iiEK. 
We now maKe fuil report of expenH-- of Annual 
Meeting, and have been ready to do so for auine 
conaid6rat»le time, but were waiting for District 
No. 1, wliich is bacit yet 3(M.J1, which we hop? will 
soon be paid, ns the Scripture says, "Owe no man 
anything but to love one anotliar." 

a. H. Myers. 
Cork ■ sroxoiNU SErRETARV. 

All tbe Brethren's papers, ple.ise coj.y. 

— o 

A KCATLr prinlnl, IlliulralwJ wMkly fut Uic cbltdrpo Kiljiivl.nd 
puMl.h«] I.J J. II. m™™. 

O""??'"",'''"'. ■ I .SO. 

b\x (oplMdUlb loigMO ujo. 

Agrni.™i«lln oveijlocaliij. S»aipls Mpj unl ftM od up 
pUcBtiua, Adctmt, 

J. 11. Moore, Lanark, Carroll Cii., 111. 


stghi'^T^ -- 

>'■■■■ I .vc iniiu oalj fMMtngM Iriloi »ako clis» 

I -i —u-':- f-r Chicaso .should leave Lanjirli at 
!:;;|., r, i!.;iuiL 1., tlie UV.stern (injoii .Junction; 
heretlievm-ea^.iui.iii [Iv. i„ir,m.-sfor tbe Chi- 
cago. Milwuukee atul -: i'„i)i ,,,Ls^,.iiger train, and 
tlinsreacb Chicajjii .0 7:ir, ihi- ,;i[iie evening. To 
reacii Lanark fniti] riii.;i^,,; I.,, to FL Wayne de-. 
pot. take the Chitae-., .Milwaukee anrl .St. Paul 
train at live in tlie evening; run Norlli li> tlieff, . 
C. Juncliun, ciiangec«rs for Lanark, and jirriv 
here at 1 JA in the morning. 

The Brethren At Work. 

''Declare Ye Amon'j the Natiom, and Publish, and set up a Staiulard; Publhh, and Conceal iVoi."— Jeremiah 50. 2. 

Vol. V. 

Lanark, III., January 20, 1880. 

No. 3 


FiaaT l'AOB-St€lii .ind Hay Debate: Hub tlie 
Church of Clirlat any Power for Good or Evil i 

SmiOKD Paob— BringiiiK in tlie Slieavea: Tlio 
MiDiaLer'fl Solicitudi.-.— Sliittie A. Lear; Tlie Bi- 
ble va. PenltPntlJiriea-— J. F. Eberaole; Destnic- 
lioii oCtLe IiKiuisitlon. 

rniBiJ Page— llesponBlhilitiea,— Flora E. Teaguc: 
A Monstrous livil.— G. B, lleplogle. 

FouBiTi Page — Editohials — Hel'.— IngersoU 
Converted; Drcas Uniformity. 

SIXTH Page— From Palestine.— J. W. MGarvey; 
NotcB and Oliaorvatlona.— J. C. Lelimmi; Hoaio 
Mission Work.— C. C. Root; From Salem, Orc- 

guii.— Uaviil Browor. 

SBVENxn Page— From Brother J. C Moomaw; 
From J. ir. Miller; From Dunkirk. Oliio.-S. T. 
HossermHn: From tlie Antiocli Cluiri;li, Iik1.~ 
J. W. Southwood; HomeMiaslon of North Wea- 
teruOhio.— .7. R.Spiicht; A. Visit to ttie Suuth. 
T.D.Lyon; From Scandia, Kansas,— Sarah A. 
Diicget; From Lewistown. Minnos3ola,-C. F. 
Wirt; From Wiir.iaw, Irnl-l-Mwiii Keeler; A 
Mi3iini!ei.-']iii>liriL.' T II. .Mill.'v 


Prop. 2d. Baptist cUurcIiea possess the Bi- 
ble characteristics which entitle them to be 
regarded as churches of Jesus Christ. 

D. B. Ray, Affirms. 

J. W. Stein, Denies. 

J. W. Stein's fii'TH negative. 

I ASK Mr. Ray: (1) Are all "nccountnbie siu- 
iier>i" fjunllij accountable? (2) "Was the 
Spirit of God not upon Baalam and Saul and 
his messenger.^, imparting the gifts of prophecy ? 
Num. 24: 2, 5-0, 17-10; 1 Sam. 10: 20-24; 28: 
G; 15; 16, 18; 2 Peter 2; 15; Jmle 11; Rsv. 2; 
14, Were they "cbiloreu of God"? (3) Can 
one who disregards Christ's sayings and com- 
mands be justified? 

By refusing to answer my repeated, pointed, 
and pertinent (juestions on the war suliject, Mr- 
R. is forced virtually to admit two things: (1) 
That war is utterly incompatible with Chris- 
tianity. (2) That he caunot answer thorn with- 
out condemninn his church, I ask if be is not 
afrniil that his personal indignities and persist- 
ent violation of our rules of debate, instead of 
attempting to meet my questions, will not in- 
duce somebody to tliiuk that Jm is "eoulbund- 

I am not au enemy to any Baptist in the 
world, and would rejoice to hnoiv that Bapti-t-; 
and their churches were free from the guilt 'oj' 
war. But iUr. Rs (bit denial that they are gull 
ty of war ami carnal weapons doe3 not make it 
5o. If he can prove by fair iuvei-tigation and 
discussion that their relation to war does not 
involve its guilt, 1 will gladly retract what I 
said as too severe. Is ihat fair? He will then 
cerlninly not refuse t>' answera lew plain ques- 
tions. (1) Do Baptists not bear carnal weapons 
and engage in war in tliu different nations in 
which they live? (2) Can Baptists engage in 
war on any account without encouraging,^ de- 
veloping, and rtoi'Hi/ those lusts of th« flesh, vi/., 
"hatred, variance, wralh and strile"? Gal, 5: 
20. (3) Do Baptist churches not justify, pray 
for (he success of, and fellowship those mem- 
burs who go to war and fight and kill people? 
(4) Are '-Bupfist chiirrlies" free from what they 
justify and fellowship in their members? Will 
lie answer? 

"The ordinance of God that required the pun- 
ishment of evil doers" is given not to the eaiuts 
who h'ive been "chosen out of the world," but 
to the nations of this world, who are to be judg- 
ed by Christ and his chosen. 

Mr Ray admits that Christians are not to 
"disobey Christ in order to submit to tlie pow- 
ers that be." He grants then that the com- 
mands of God and those of worldly governments 
may sometimes conflict. I as.k him if the Chris 
tiau Scriptures do not strictly condemn wai' a.s 
I an et-il and a.oofthe devil? 

My belief that the want of organic succession 
does not invalidate the claims of any church 
has nothing to do with the false claims of Mr, 
Ray's church, upon which I based my argument. 
Will the author of "Baptist Succession" name 
Ofic denomoatiou just like the Bapli-^t.^ that ex- 

tfted during tb*.' first fifieen C'.'nturiei of Chris 

Notwithstanding, salvation in all ages has 
been thegift of grace and the purchase of Christ's 
blood. Mr. R. loses the force of his 9th argu- 
ment from the consideration that he is hound 
to admit that infants are not made its p.irtici- 
pants, on the condition of the same, voluntary, 
personal esercisea that adults are, and that the 
accountability and duty of adults vary accord- 
ing to their abilities, opportunities and the con- 
sequent requirements of God at their bands. At 
this point Mr. R. makes another attack upon 
■'the Dunkards," which is no part of hi.s subject 
or argument. The Brethren hold that church 
membership alone will save no one, but that 
the conditions of salvation are the conditions of 
church membership. This much on the other 
side of the debate, as Mr. R. is still on the neg- 

Mr. R. fails to support what he dills bis 2nd 
cliaraclerislic. As he tries to draw me to the 
defense of (r)HC immersion, which is not under 
consideration, I siinplj refer the reader to my 
aflirmative line. It remains that ho cannot 
translate "in hnplismn" (Eph. 4:4) one dijr 
which is his church practice. I have not con 
tended that "baptizhiff" must he understood be- 
fore '"Son" and "Holy Spirit" in the commis- 
iion. He thiuks ir6n^Jf/20 is frequentative we 
must have the commission to read, "baptizing 
them frequently in the name of the Father, and 
baptizing them frequently in the name of the 
S m.andlaptizing them frequ-ntly in 'he nam 
.f tie Holy Ghost." 

Am. This criticism is both impertinent and 
unworthy of his schobir-'liip. , 

1, Because "bapliziiiy" already admits the 
idea of mci'mse or rejietilion of action, which 
idea is limited only by the tbref qualifying ad- 
juncts of the t^xt. The idea of repetition is in 
heiynt in a frequentative verb, i. e., a part of its 
very nature, and therefore though its sign may 
be add-^d to a simple primitive verb, as bapto, to 
make it frequentative, it Ciuinot be added t.i (ni>- 
already so. Such a criticism, therefore, is about 
.TS unscholarly as adding double comparalives 
and superlatives together, or as adding the su- 
perlative termination e-il to the adjective j.erf'ecl. 

2- Because no verli, i[i any laugiuige, can 
couvey more than one itc i m at a time, hut a 
given suffix or ending can denote repelitioii. in- 
crease or continifution of tlie action indicated by 
the root. 

3. Because no obj-^clion can he urged against 
the frequentative force of bfipttzo that caunot 
be urged with tqual propriety against the whole 
cluas (several ihousajd) of Greek verbs ending 
in zo, because the authorities testify as pointed- 
ly to the frequent II live lorce of this, as of other 
verbs of this kind; therefore before Mr. R. can 
invalidate this argument and show that any 
number of rep-ated dips (it connected in one 
administration) are ctntr.iry to "en baplisma," 
he nuistprovd this entire class of verbs to be of 
no such use in Greek, for a-i long as the princi- 
ple remains, that verbs in :o are frequentative, 
and it is possible for any other frequentative 
verb to admit of repetition of action, haplizo 
may do the same. But he tries to bee the ques 
tion by intimating that repetition don't mean 
three. What has that to do with the question? 
That au action repeated once, twice, thrice, or 
athousaud times, is repetition, and that a nin- 
;//e (fi/j frtjiiio/ be is apparent to every one who 
ihinks. The reader will note the true issue. 
While trine immersion does involve repetition 
of action, a single dip cannot, and hence does 
not suit the nature of this verb. 

"One" (cm) in Eph. 4; 5, is an adjective de- 
scribing "baptisiiia" which comprehends in it- 
self the results of ail that is compressed in the 
frequentative ii;)(/;o. "Into the fame of the 
Father,'" and "of the Son,"" and '^of the Hohj 
spirit" Matt. 2.S: 10, are adverbial elements 
aualilying "hapiizjji;," and "seeen times," 3 
Kings 5; 14 is i'lso adverbial, qualifying the 
verb "ebaptisalo" Thu3 a unity can be made 

up of three or seren or any number of paHs, 
and still be "one" if the parts are connected. 
Just as "the seeen spirits of God" are "one 
Spirit," or the "churches" of Christ arc orif 
\hurch," or the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost 
"ore one." 

Mr. R. thinks the lexicographers quoted 
were members of trine immersion churchi 
and defiued buptizo to suit their practice. I ask 
of what trine immersion church were they mem- 
bers ? As scholars, rather than ecrl€si(istics,they 
sought, according to their own profession "(/(7- 
iysnlly to encourage an accurate study of c/ass- 
'iV Gj'«A:,"and some have labored hard "to make 
each article a history of the tvord re/erred to {giv- 
ing classic references for their use oibaplizo as 
well as other words, in order to which they have 
not only carefully noticed the peculiarities of 
the most distinguished authors, but have drawn 
information from hundreds of classic writers. 
Mr. R. says: "The overwhelming weight of 
Greek lexicography is now against the view that 
ii7;)/i>o is afre.juentative." / call for the tes- 
tiinony of lexicons. But Dr. Ed. Robinson re- 
gards haptizo aa frequentative in form, but not 
in tact." This is not stninge, since his church 
practices the single action, yet his scholarship 
compels him to concede to it the frequentative 
form. But Mr. II. reminds us that the late ed- 
itions of Liddell & Scott iiuve left out "repeat- 
edhj'^ alter "dip," and "givec up" the frequenta- 
tive me'aiing. 

Ans. This is only in keeping with the prac- 
tice and degeneracy of the "perilous times" of 
"tiie lust days." which have not only given up 
"repealed!!/" after "dip," but have given up the 
"dip" also. Isa. 24: 5. Does Mr. R. believe 
that right? But he thinks the single dip is 
like Christ's burial, ^^c. Iti the sepulchres abou' 
Jerusalem the places for depositing the dead 
were simply niches cut in the perpendicular 
faces of the rocks. These were "horizontal, the 
bodies being slid into them, not let doirny See 
Sacred Geography and Antiquities, p. 06. Rob. 
Rob. Bi*". Rjs. Ip. 353. In a tomb hewn out thus 
in a rock, the badyof Jesus was laid, Matt. 27; 
(JO, where it remained till the third day. Doeg 
Mr. R. baptizfi people uffer this manner? Does 
he slide them horizontally into the water, and 
k ep them there till the third day? If not, the 
two operations are not alike. 

My third reason why the Baptist churches 
ire destitute of Christian baptism, is founded 
upon tliB consideration that the early church 
•eriters attribute the origin <•/ single immersion 
to Eunomiiis and his co-icorkers of the 4th cen- 

(a) Socmen, the Gre^fk biilorian, says: 'Som-' 
say that this Eunomius was thejirsi who dared 
to bring forward the notion, that the divine 
baptism ought to be administered by a single 
immei-aion." Chrjstal's Hist, of the modes of 
Bap., p- 78. 

(b) f beodoret says: "He (Eunomius) aubvert- 
<^il the law of holy baptism, which had been 
liJinded down from the beginning from the Lord 
imd the apostles, and made a contrary law, as 
serting that it is not necessary to immerse the 
candidate lor baptism thrice, nor to mention 
the names of the Trinity, but to immerse once 
only,"*:^ Binghaufs Antiquities, vol, 1. B. 
13, ch. 5, sec. T. Chrystal, p. 7S. 

(i') Gregory Nyssen says: "He (Eunomius) 
pei verted the laic of Christ, the law or tradition, 
I'f the divine institution (my italics), and taught 
tiiat baptism was not to be given in the name 
of the Father, Son, aud Holy Spirit, as Christ 
commanded his disciples." Idem. vol. 1, B. 11 
eh. 3, sec. lU. 

I have now aiiduced several early Greeks who 
testir'y to the posr-apostolic onglu oi sinyle im 
mersion. If Mr. Rav will adduce the testimo- 
ny of one early Greek to the contrary, I wiii 
give up my three for his one. Well did Dr. D.t 

■■He (Mr. Ray) cann -t fiud an autboii'y on 
this earth where baptism is named as o:i>^ tin 
k-le dip, or one single immersion wnere ihe im- 
meriiou was baptism, he cannot nnd a record 

where baptism was accomplished by a single 
dip or a single immersion until the fourth cen- 
tury. There is no such record. I called on Dr. 
Gravei to produce such a record, aud he failed 
to do it. He passed it by as if he did not no- 
tice it. because he dare not grap ile with it " 
Baptist Battle Flag, ivl. 2, No, :i7, p. inn. 




THIS isa question of grave importance, Hs ujw 
ou it depends, in a measure, the purity of 
the church; hence, upon calm consideration, 
viewing the actions of the church in all ages of 
the world. I am forced, by facts and Scripture, 
to take the athrmative. When we view tho 
church in the wilderness, under the leadership 
of Moses using the power that God bad vested 
in it, to cleanse itself from sin and disobedience, 
I must come to the conclusion that there was 
some power iu the church back there. And if 
it wcie necessary that the church, under Moses, 
should be cleansed from sin and rebellion by 
punishment, and that b^ the death of the trans- 
gressor, how important it is that the church of 
Christ now on earth should use the mild pow- 
er that God has given it, to withdraw from ev- 
ery brother that walks disorderly— editors not 
excepted. But if-au editor is not a brother, then 
he is free from all church authority; yea, just as 
free as Bob. IngersoU, and no church of good 
Htanding can or would claim a right to stopliim 
from his preaching, or prevent liim from run- 
ning a press that would be in every way "inde- 
pendent" and free. But I do not si'pposo that 
there is a respectable denomination, claiming to 
be followers of Cliri^t, in America or any where 
else, that would hold him in fellowship. But 
if the church has no power, as advocated by 
some, no power to judge and act in any case, 
then verily it would he brother Bob,, still. And 
he could run a free press under the name of 
whatever denomination he might stand united 
with, aud call upon the members time and again 
lor money to help him tear down the sacred 
principles of the gospel, and the doctrines of his 
church, yet no power in the church to expell 
him; no power to withdraw from him. ILs 
press, of course, would he 'free" as long as oth- 
ers would furnish the money to run it. No one 
would think of stopping free thought or free 
press; and he would be a free member, in a free 
church, and be brother Bob., still. But I am 
glad to know that the church is a power for 
good, while she stands united on the gospel and 
its principles, and is endeavoring to abstain from 
"evil and all its apnearances. But when aiipear- 
auces of evil come : as they always have and al- 
ways will, who is to judge and decide whether 
the coming evil is dangerous to t.e well-being 
of the cause of Christ and the eimpl'city of the 
gospel? "Here is the rub." The advocates of 
no church power, and those that do evil and 
love its appearances, say, "let us alone; we are 
free; we will do as we please, and if you meddle 
with na. we will dash in your faces, "tradition of 
th^ elders;" "popery." "decisions of A. M., 
"Standing Committee," ''usurpers of power" 
&c &c., and all such like things. 

When God tells us in his word that the 
"younger ones should be subject to the elder 
ones," and that we should all be ''subject to one 
another," "That don't suit us," saj' they, we are 
free. We don't propose that the church aiaem- 
bled at A. M., even shall take into consideration 
the propriety or impropriety of our course or 
conduct. We deny all church authority; tcF are 
fiee. We demand Scripture; we demand "Thus 
saith the Lord." 

Should any reasonable man expect tliat eveiy 
evil, and every evil appearing in tbi-sever-chang- 
ing world would be denounced in the Scriptures?' 
Certainly not, It would make a book that the 
"world itself could not contain," and thechurch 
derived of the privilege of judging in these mat- 
u 3 according to the te.:ching of the gospel 
would soon be no better than the world itself, 
would be "free dancing." "free whisky-drink- 
ing," "free horse-racing," "free dre.-iing" ic ,ill 
ihe extravagance of the world. And last, but 
not least, a free opposition of bad periodicals 
misrepresenting the Brethren to a "free 
world." Now brethren if tlie church has the 
authority or power to "withdraw from every 
brother that walk-* disorderly," lo put from 
among you that wicked person, ir when tb-y 
will not hear the church, "let them be unto thee 
^13 a heathen man and a publican," then the 
■ hiirch surely has the power to attend to trans- 
uressors- Let the elders then do their duty as 
tar as they can.andif tb'rre are cases that cannot 
otherwise be reached, then the duty of A. M. is 
:o assist and see that tn>nsgre330rs will be 
reached aud dealt nith ;>r<>jierly according to 
their transgressions, nnle^i^ they reform. 

J. R. Qua. 



'he §riiihTim at ^ork. 


1. The Editors will be responsible only for the 
jencnil tone of tlie PHpt*r. and the insertion of an 
article iloea not imply that tbey eodorse every sen- 
tlmtint of the writer. 

2. CoNTiiinuTona in order to secure prompt in- 
sertion of their articles, will please not indulge in 
personalities and nncourtcous language, hut pn' 
sent their views '■ with grace seasoned wiUi suit.' 

a. For tSe henetlt of our readers and tue good of 
the cause, we solicit chnrch news from all parts ot 
the Urotherliood. We want some one in each con- 
gregiition to keep us supjilied. In the briefest way. 
give lis AM. the facts, and we will put them in 
pnipnr ahiii)e. Always write with black ink, on 
mirn>w paper. 

■I, TiiK HiiETiniEN AT WoRK wiU be sent to 
any address in the United States or Canada for 
31.r>o per annum. Fortiie leading clmract«ri sties 
of the piiper, jis well as terms to agenta see eighth 
page. Address all communications, 


Lanark, Carroll Co., III. 


.lAM'ARV -^O. 1S80, 


(Bv M.M. KirtiLMts.) 

AN Infidel comics aluiig, posts up his bills, 
rents a liall, gfXn u lull liouse, raves against 
the Bible, th.^ Lurd J.-.-..S, .mn'sters, and Chri 
tianity, and tew an- stiriv.l up; uot one preachi 
[■i called out to let thit Gosii.d iigbt iu upon I he 
Infidel's Bophi-TtTy, Next comes tlie Spiritual- 
ist who also pojts Ilia bills, meets the people 
ridicules the ministers, God and Christ., the 
church, the apostles, but the clergy ulffj- nul n 
iron! in defence. The Universalist storms and 
rants, tells the people there is no hell, no devil, 
uor second death, nothing to bo saved from, yet 
the preachers ait at ease on their lounges and 
easy chaiis. They believe that "ivlintevrra i 
thinks ii right, is right tohim; ' so theyare not 
alarmed. The Mormon cornea, then the .Shaker, 
the Sivedeuborgian, and the Ronifin Catholic, 
but .still the ministers are not aroused. 

But along comes a man with a Bible under 
his arm, gets up before a congregation, plead! 
for the whole truth, the infallible word; for 
compliance to all the conditions of the Lord 
Jesus; urges what the apostles taught; urges 
implicit confidence in the Gospel, and straight- 
way the whole community is alarmed, all .is 
excitemeui,! The clergy are aroused; heads 
are laid together; plans are formed, and the 
forces are put in battle array. "This man," 
say they, "does not teach that ' iVhattver a man 
fliiiiks is rie/ht, Ihal is riyht to Ajhi,-'" he tells 
too much Bible. "The Infidel thinks there is no 
God, no Christ; the Uuiversalist thinhs there 
is no hell, no devil, no second death, therefore 
to them this is right; but this man with the 
Bible, he thinks llie Bible is right; (but Christ 
is right; the Holy Spirit is right; tiir condi- 
tions are right; he is a dangerous via"."' Thus 
it is: the Mormon, the Infidel, the S|iiritualist, 
the Shaker causes no disturbance by Miinking, 
'Whatever a mau thinks is right, is right to 
him," but if a believer in Christ h.ippens to 
come around and thinks the Bible is light, the 
iHoly Spirit is right, Christ is right, obeilience 
s right, a long and bitter howl goes up from 
the clergy, the people'ssympathies are aroused, 
right or wrong, and the Bible man is thrust 
out! Are such "miserable comforters" safe 
■connsellors? A'^erily Isaiah 56: 10,11 finds its 
subjects in all ages of the world. Such have 
their reward. 

"Ye different sects who all declare, 

Lo! Christ is iiEitK, and Christ ia there, 

Vour stronger proofs divinely give, 

.\ud >nrjii' me wueke the ChrisEians live." 


Brother D. F.Eby, of this place, left the 
I'itb inst. for his former home iu Stark County, 

BBuTilER John Wise preached a number of 
discourses iu the Rome Church, Ohio. He left 
for home on the evening of the r2th inst. 

Crotuer Allen Boyer, of Waddam's Grove 
Church, III , preached iu the Lanark Cjiurch 
Thursday evening, the 15th inst. Subject. 
'"The n^surrectiim." 

Brother Enoch Eby recently heFd some 
meetings in Bureau Co. III., and was made 
jcv loi by si^eing two precious "souls coming into 
ih dnirch. 

Bkotheb Bashor expects to visit the Breth- 
ren in Oregon and Washington Territory after 
the next Annual Meeting. 

The Beecb Grove Chnrch. Ohio, recently 
received eighteen members by baptism. Bro. 
D. N. Workman assisted the brethren in the 

Amonq onr rorrespondence the reader will 
find an extract of a letter from James Chryslal 
to Bro. Hope which shows the inside. Our 
readers can draw their own conclusions. 

Bwjibkr J. W. Metf'.ger visited the members 

at West Lebanon, Indiana, at the close of last 
year, and held several meeting''; also a Love- 
feast, and tiuite an enjoyable time was had by 

Who is that L. E. Arner (learner) that 
writes chronicles for the Brethren at Work, 
anyhow? — Gospel Preacher. 

Good brother, he is a disciple of one Jesus 
Christ, Son of the living God. 

Bld. D. p. Saylor preached in our church, at 
Welty's, on the last Sunday of the old year 
Our aged brother has wielded the gospel sword 
for many years. May his last days in the 
good cause, be his best. — Brethren s Adrorale. 

We have on band a lot of manuscript from 
Bro. Stein treating on the design and form of 

baptism, which we shall begin to publish si en. 
These articles have been prepared with grei.t 
care, and designed for book form after they 
have run through the paper. 



[Bl 8. J. HlBHIMN.] 

MU. I. next tells us what a number of noted 
theologians have said about hell. Before 
we quote from Mr. I. on this point we wish to 
ask a few questions. 

1. What does the belief of these men have to 
do with bell? 

2. If there be a hell and noted men believe 
it, will that destroy it? 

3. Or, if there be no hell and noted men be- 
lieve there is, will that make one? 

4. If there be a hell which is a place of tor- 
ment equal to a perpetual burning, and learned 
men picture its horrors as dreadful as it is in 
the power of mind to imagine, does that quench 
the fires of hell? 

Nothing can be more certain than that if the 
Bible teaches there is a God and a heaven, it al- 
so teaches there is a Devil and a hell. If it 
teaches one being is infinitely merciful, it t«ach 
ea the other is equally unmerciful. If it teach- 
es the glory of the home of the saints is grand 
beyond the power of man to conceive, it also 
teaches the infinite gloom and despair of the re- 
gions of "outer darkness where there is weepin, 
and wailing and gnashing of teeth." 

As to "hether there exists an evil influence or 
it, is'not every mau's own consciousness a suf- 
ficient proof? Is it not every man's experienui- 
in life that he fails to practice his best and no- 
blest resolutions, his most determined purpose.- 
to do £0od? Would it not do any man a gross 

njuatice to say he is as good as he wishes to be ? 
Now if there ba uoevil influence, why does man 
have this experience? If there be such an in- 
fluence, what is its source? If not from the 
Devil from whence does it emanate? 

We now quote the conclusion of Mr, I's lec- 
ture on Hell. 

An old saint believed that hell was in the in 
terior of the earth, and that the rotation of the 
earth was caused by the souls trying to get 
away from the fire," The old church at Strat- 
ford- ou-Afon, Shakespeare's home, is adorned 
with pictures of holl and the like. One of the 
pictures represents resurrection morning. Peo 
pie are getting out of their graves, and devils 
are catching hold of tlitir heels. In one place 
there is a huge brass monster, and devils are 
driving scores of lost souls into his mouth. Over 
hot fires hang caldrons with fifty or sixty peo- 
ple in each, and devils are poking the fires 
['eople are hung up on hooks by their tongues, 
and devils are lashing them. Up iu the right 

and corner are some of the saved, with griuf 
on their faces stretching from ear to ear. Thty 
seem to say: 'Aha, what did I (ell you?' " 
This sounds ridiculous and so it is, but re 

lember we dou'fcread anything in the Bible 

ke it. This irreverence is a fair specimen of 
the good sense tie infidel geniuses are almost 
dying to impart to the sons of men! 

'■The doctrine of orthodox Christianity is that 
the damned shall suffer torment forever and 
forever. And if yon were a wanderer, footsore, 
weary, with parched tongue, dying for a drop 
of water, and you met une who divided his poor 
portion with you, and died as he saw you re- 
viving— if he was au unbi-liever and you ft be- 
liever, and you died end went to heaven, and he 
called to you from hell for a draught of water, 
it would be your duty to iau;,'h at him." 

We|deuy that theabuve is orthodox Christian- 
ity. The parable of the good Samaritan con- 
tradiots it. The teaching of Chrit* on the mount 
contradicts it. Christ teaches that the lea'*t 
kindne.-is shall not he forgotten. Even a "sup 
of water" shall not lose its reward. He teaches 
that a kindness done our fellow-man is a kind- 
ness done him. He teaches that if we only do 
good to those who can return the favor, that 
we show no love that will give us credit with 
God. Nay, he teaches that if we salute only 
our brethren — friends — we are no better than 
the wickedest, for they do that. We mo-it em- 
phatically deny that Mr. I. has here told the 

"Rev. Mr. Spurgeon says that everywhere in 
hell will be written the words "forever.'' They 
will be branded on every wave of flame,they will 
be forged in every link of every chain, they will 
be seen in every lurid flash of brimstone — every- 
where will be those words "for ever." Every- 
body will be yelling and screaming them. Just 
think of that picture of the mercy and justice 
of the eternal Father of us all. If these words 
are necessary why are they not written now ev- 
erywhere in the world, on every tree, and every 
field, and on every blade of grass? I say I am 
entitled to have it so. I say thatit is God's duty 
to furnish me with the evidence." 

We bring forward a passage which we find 
just a little further on. It is. Ibis. "The idea 
of eternal life was not born of any book. That 
wave of hope and joy ebh.s and flows, and will 
continue to ebb and flow as long as love kisses 
tlie lips of deatii." Here Mr. I. not only con. 
fesscs but boldly declares I hat eternity is in "ev- 
ery wave of hope and joy." Hence God lias sup 
plied him with just what he demands. 

"I care nothing about the" infidel "doctrines 
or religions or creeds of the past. Let us come 
to the bar of" philosophy "and judge mutter by 
what we know, by what we think, by what we 
love. "But thev say to us, 'if you throw away' 
infidelity 'what are we to depend on then?'" 
"But no two persons in the world agreed as to 
what" infidelity '"is, what they are to believe, 
or what they are not to believe. It is like a 
guide-post that has been thrown down iu some 
timeofdisater, and has been put up the wrong 
way. Nobody can accept its guidance, for no- 
body knows where it would direct him. I say, 
"Tear down the useless guide-post," but they 
iiiiswer, "Oh do not do that or we will have 
nothing to go by." "I would say," infidelity 
you take that road and I will take this. Anoth- 
er" infidel "has said that " atheism '"is the great 
town-clock, at which we all may set our watch- 
es. But I have said to a friend of that" infidel: 
"Suppose we all should set our watches by that 
town-clock, there would be many persons to tell 
you that in old times the long hand was the 
hour-hand, and besides the clock hasn't been 
wound up for a long time." "I say let us wait 
till" we can read God's word "and set our 
watches by" that. "For my part, I am willing 
to give up" infidelity "to get rid of hell. I had 
rather there should be no" infidelity "than that 
any solitary soul should be condemned to sull'er 
forever and ever. The Bible is the good hook. 
Now, in" infidelity "there is no reference to an- 
other life. Is there a burial service mentioned 
iu it iu which a word of hope is spoken at the 
grave of the dead? The idea of eternal life was 
not born of" infidelity. "That wave of hope 
and joy ebbs and flows, and will continue to ebb 
and flow as loug as love kisses the lips of death. 
Let me tell you a tale of the" Christian "re- 
ligion — of a man who, having done good lor 
long years of his life, presented himself at the 
gates of Paradise, but the gates remained closed 
against him. He went back and followed up 
bis.good works forseven years longer, and the 
gates of Paradise slillrrmained shut against him, 
he toiled iu works of charitv until at laat they 
were opened unto him. There ia no religion 
but goodness, but justice, but charity. Ileligion 
is not theory; it is life. It is not intellectual 
conviction; it is divine humanity. Compare that 
religion with the" practice of the "orthodox 

of the city of New York. There is a pmyer 
which every" Oliristian "pniys, in which b.. x'e 
dares that he will never enter into a final sUt« 
of bliss but that everywhere ii.- .. iji «iriv«» 
for uuiverMi redemption, that never will he 
leave the world of sin and sorrow, but rrmtiiu 
suliering and striving and aorrowint; ulVr uni- 
versal salvation. CompHrw that witli the" char- 
ities of infidelity "undwad" for l.igersoll to lec- 

"The doctrine of" infidelity "is infamous be- 
yond all power to express. I wish there were 
words mean enough to e.vprL>8,s my feelings of 
loathing on this subj-ot. What harm has it 
not done ? What waste places h>i3 it not made? 
It hai planted misery and wretchedness in this 
world : it peoples the future with selfish joys and 
lurid abysses of eternal flimie. But wo are get- 
ting more sense every day. Wo begin to despise 
those mon.>troufl doctrines. Ifyou want butter 
men and women, change their comlitions here. 
Don't promise them something aomowhere else. 
One biscuit will do" the hungry "more good 
than all the tracts that were ever peddled in the 
world. Give them more whito-wdsh, more light' 
more air. You have to change men physically 
before you change them intellectually. I be- 
lieve the time will come when every criminal 
will be treated as we now treat the diseased and 
sick, when every penitentiary will become n re- 
formatory; and that if criminals go to them 
with hatred in their bosoms, they will leave 
them without feelings of revenge " 


"Gospel Facts"— a tract offour [ 
cents a hundred. 

SriLsrHUTioNs must begin when received at 
this ollice, since we cannot supply hack num- 

We are out of Brethren's Enveloes now. 
Please do not send orders for them until 
notice is given iu the B. at W. thiit we are again 
supplied with them. 

Bkino crowded with work we have been - 

obliged to defer giving a report of "Brethren's 
Tract Society" the first of this month as it was 
our plan and purpose to do, 

Some brethren have written to ub to know 
what has become of the City Mission. We know 
not. Perhaps the Board of Mafcagers, of which 
Bro S.T. Bossermaii Dunkirk Ohio isSecretary, ^ 

can teU us. 

We have just received a new lot of the pic- 
tures entitled "The La'^t Supper." These have 
cost us considerably more than our former lot 
so that we can not afford to sell them at less 
than .'"> cents a piece or 82.00 perdozen. 

Wshave had anumber of letters from agents, 
inquiriug whether the names they had 
sent were received all right, and whether the 
paper was going to them all right or not. We 
can not answer these questions until we get 
all subscription lists filled in aliihabetical order, 
unless those who make the imjuiry rewrite 
their orders — give us the names and every 
thing complete as they sent it at first. 


JN Vol. 4, No. -.'A, Brother S. S. Mohler gave 
uB, under the title, "Line upon Line — The 
Dress Question Reviewed," some of the most 
substantial arguments that we have read on 
this subject. Being much pressed with other 
matters at the time, we did not refer to Ilia ar- 
ticle but laid it aside for future thought. 
We now take up his line of thought, urge it 
upon all who have adesire to walk in wisdom's 
ways and become stronger in the work of the 
Lorrl. And wliile we are looking at this ques- 
tion, will you please keep the abuse of humili- 
ty and dress from Ijefore your eyes, ho that you 
can clearly see what we havu to say. We shall 
attend to the abuse part in another chapter. 

First. It is a principle in nature that the 
germs of branches, leaves, flowers and fruit 
which are to come oat next year, are covered 
with air- ti("ht substances to protect them from 
cold. The germ lies there dormant; bat when 
tlie heat of s|)ring-time comes upon the bud, 
the germ will take upon itself « form. 

Serond. A cloud ia made up of minute vesi- 
cles or bubbles containing air. The air within 
these bubbles is lighter than the air without, 

Jan. CO 


becRiiao it is w.iriiier. A cold current of air 
[ia>(Beh tliroDgh the clnaH. the little hiibbli?^ are 
broken up, rmh together by the law of attrac- 
tion and then descend to the enrth in the form 
of dro[i3. which we Oill rain. Here we have 
air and vapor, which, by certain principle.^, 
unite auA/orni rain. 

I'Viim theiie, and m(.ny other fxamples in 
nature we learu that the development of prin- 
ciple ifl by well-defiutd acta or atepg. Right 
principIeB are addressed to our ujulerstanding 
by things tangible. The principle of growth 
in cipreawd by appfopriat* form. The germ 
in the bud of the apple-tree was made to as- 
game fof-ni by the principles of heat, light, nnd 
air; hence form is a consequent of principle as 
certainly as pain is the result of an infraction 
of law. 

What teacher would assume to implant Ihe 
principle of mathematics in a child's mind 
without appropriate form? Sometimee we 
prepare ourselves much more readily to lenrn 
in the school of science than iu the school of 
Christ. Our obtusity bars out many precious 

What is n jiriuciple? Primarily, jjr(Mt'j)/(; 
means beginning, a source of origin. Webster 
further defines it as ''A settled rule of action. 
a governing law of conduct." Principles are 
to be imbibed ; doctrinc,belived ; precepts, obey- 
ed. Princijile, therefore, ia first or primary. 
Doctrine is composed of principles, and pre- 
cept rests upon them. '^Ductrine retniir-'." a 
' teacher; jjivv;i';)( reimires a superior with aii- 
thgrity; principle requires only an illustrator." 
We now take up the principle of humility 
and shall observe whether it tieeils «ir illiisfra- 
ior. "When Ai(i«i7(V(/ and iiiorffs/y show them- 
scItcs in the outward conduct, the former bowE 
itself down, the latter shrinks." The Christian 
must possess both, the former as expressive 
of his own comparative littleness, the latter a) 
indicating the esteem in which he holds him- 

Humility is the opposite of pride, arro- 
gance, and t^elf esteem. T/ienc assume iorm; 
flifit no les so, and for the simple reason that it 
' is in harmony with divine law. Holiness waters 

humility. Without holiness, humility withers, 
— is but a leafless branch. 

Humility, libe other principles of revealed 
truth, must be taught by e-xampU. Unless 
it be, by some visible means, addressed 
to the constitution of the raind, we 
could have no idea of what it is. And we 
know that man learna by example better than 
by precept. The theory of farming, however 
much it may be taught in an Agricultural Col- 
lege, never makes a practical farmer. He must, 
with tools in hand, pracUrc what he lias learn- 
ed. Tne iheonj of humility and submission do 
not pass men as being humble; they must 
prucUre these principles, and then it can truly 
be said, "They are httiiible." 

There ia the principle of non-conformity to 
the world, as well as neatness to be considered. 
There is, for instance, one form of dress which 
embraces the principles of modesty, humility, 
and neatness. So farthgtform is right; not be- 
cause the church or individuals say it is right; 
but because the principles of humility and 
modesty are iu that form, and these principles 
are of God. But there is a principle wanting 
in that form. The principle of non-conformity 
to the world is not there. The Christian's 
garb must be expressive of the principle of 
modesty, humility, non-conformity and 0tness 
or neatness. Now if we can find a form of 
dress embracing these principles, then we have 
something that is in harmony with the will of 
our heavenly Father. 

Some insist that a form of dress expressive 
cf Ihe principle of plainness is sufficient — 
that which the morni man regards as suitable, 
is quite enough. Others urge that the form of 
dress expressive of humility, modesty, neatness, 
ayd uou-conformity should be the Christian's 
garb. The parties dispute about this, so they 
agree to leave the matter to the Qenenil Broth- 
erhood in council assembled. The Brother- 
hood decides that the form which is expressive 
k of humility, modesty, neatness and non-con- 

fonnity is in harmony with the great law of 
uniformity, and there the matter should end, 
but unfortunately it does not, and will nut so 
long as Satan ia not bound. 

Put a thousand acorus into the ground, and 
the life-principle iueach one will express itself 
in duocourea of time in the form of an oak 

tr-'e. All these trees will be alike — will have a 
general resemblance, and can be readily dis- 
tinguished fnim beech, maple, hickory and all 
ntlier variet ie* i>f wood. All the trees in each 
variety, in accordance with immutable law, 
resemble ojch nthpr. Every plant of its kind, 
every animal after its species have a general 
resi-mblance to all others of it-s kind. 

Go into the study of natural history, take 
up the order, Tiaplwes, and you will find a gen- 
eral resemblance. Falcoua, hawks, and eagles, 
in many respects, resemble each other, yet the 
differejree bf*w9fin each family is siifflcient to 
enable one to di.stinguish between ttem. But : 
take the falcon family, and one falcon looks 
more like another falcon than like an eagle. 
Again, any number of hawks resemble each 
other more than they resemble falcons. Each 
species, by an unchangeable law of Gcd, has its 
peculiarities, and each member of that species 
looks iike every other member. All quadru- 
peds have a general resemblance, yet there is 
sufficient difference between a buffalo and 
musk-ox to distinguish one from the other. 
But take the family, bu£fato, and all of its 
members resemble each other more than 
musk-ox resembles them. Thus it is all through 
God's creation. The hawk wears the same 
kind of covering all through its life and we 
chide it not because it will not lay oft'ita feath- 
ers and don wool. The o.v wears his coat of 
hair, and we grumlile not because, for fashion's 
sake, h<- will not put away his hairy coat and 
put on feathers. The sheep is content with 
his wool, and we never think of complaining 
because he will not sometimes wear bristles, 
The oak tree, year by year wears its rough 
bark, and puta forth its green l-'aves, yet we do 
not fret and worry because it wilt not appear 
seal skin and ostrich feathers. The potato 
continues to grow and mature on the roots of 
the plant, and we never wonder why it does 
not sometimes grow on the vine. All through 
nature we quickly learn that principles mani- 
fest themselves in form, and that each member 
of that species resembles every other member 
of its family. We see general uniformity 
among all the membenj of each species and 
kind, and never become agitated over it; but 
as soon as the Christian pleads for principles in 
harmony with the immutable laws of God in 
nature, he is regarded as unsound. Why 
should a believer in Christ, who is the life, a.ik 
for revelation in things that Ani.'!,' been revealed ? 
Does faith ask for additional testimony when 
it is already abundant? Never! But infidel- 
ity, semi-infidelity, doubt and fear, continue to for a "thussaith the Lord," and that, too, 
when the Lord has spoken in every species of 
the animal, vegetable, and mineial kingdoms. 
The acorn is commanded to produce a tree 
which shall be non-conformed to the maple, 
but instead of going to work lo produce it, siu- 
ner-like it stops to ask its Creator how to be 
Don-conformed. Is not this an insult to the 
Creator? Does he not put that very principle 
iu the acorn? The thing put in the acorn is 
not precisely like that put in the maple seed: if 
it were, they would be precisely alike, and 
there would be no necessity to coll the one oak 
and the other maple. He who creates and 
commands has power to givs/orm and erjires- 
slon to all created things; and while the law of 
similarity is maintained, the law of diversity is 
not excluded. These laws are in harmony with 
everj' other law of the universe, Where di- 
vei'sity ends similarity begins. 

The moral man has his uniform too. He 
may be singled out from the great, busy mass 
of mankind by his simple apparel. In harmo- 
ny with the law of God he will not apparel 
himself iu foolish and extravagant dress. — 
Nature teaches him that his apparel should be 
plain, and not after the ever-changing custom 
of the goddess of fashion. In this he acts in 
harmony with law already revealed. 

The devotees of fashion resemble each other. 
When you behold a room 611ed with fashiona- 
ble ptople you say they nrs fashionable. Why? 
Because there ia something about them — yeaojj 
lh>:)n, which enables you to place them in the 
class, Fn:ionr. Place Jesus with his seamless 
coat in a room with forty persons dressed in the 
f,ishion of to day, and then what would every 
enlightened mind say? Would not the con- 
clu^onot every one be that one of the num'oer 
in the room is an humble man, and the forty 
fashionable? What enables you to come to 
that conclusion? Do you not arrive at your 
conclusion by the same means as you did with 

respect to the oak tree and maple? Do not all 
fashionable people resemble each other? Satan 
can do nothing but imitate in part. He knows 
that there is a general resemblance between 
things of the same species iu nature, and that 
Christians will resemble each other, hence the 
better way for bim to lead human beings to 
destruction ia to get them to resemble each oth- 
iT, but in all extravagance and folly. He imi- 
tates the good in part, and theaaadds hia own, 
and in this way has an army of servants. Nor 
is this all: if he can get but one of his children 
to adorn himself in th» Ghrijitinn's garb, it 
pleases him well. By doing this, he hopes to 
drive the good thing away from well-disposed 
people. "If I can only ahiise that simple, 
plain, non-conformed apparel of the Christian, 
thousands will say it is of me, the devil, and 
away they will go into fashion." This is his 
plea, and mauy are lashed into his service that 

Before we close we call attention to the tes- 
timony of Cyprian, Clement of Alexandria and 
Tertullian, who had the same great principles 
to contend for as the Christians now have: 

"If you dress your hair sumptously and 
walk so as to draw attention, and attract the 
eyes of youth upon you, and draw the sighs of 
young men, nourish the lusts of concupiscence, 
and inflame the fuel of sighs, so that although 
you yourself perish not, yet you cause others 
to perish and offer, as it were, a sword or a 
poison to the spectators; you cannot be excus- 
ed on the pretence that you are chaste and 
modest iu mind; yourshameful dress and im- 
modest ornament accuse you." Cyprian Book 
1, page 340, 

"To drag one's clothes, letting them down to 
the soles of the feet, is apiece of consummate 
foppery, impeding activity in walking, the 
garment sweeping the surface-dirt of the 
ground like a broom." Cyprian, Book 2, page 

"The use of colors is not beneficial, for they 
are of no service, except the opprobrium atone. 
And the agreeableuessof color afflicts greedy 
eyes, inflaming them to senseless blindness. 
But for those who are white and unstained 
within, it is most suitable to use white and 
simple garments. Dau. 7: 0; Rev. 6: 0, 10. 
And our life ought to be an . ■thing rather than 
ji pageant. Therefore the dye of Sardis, and 
another of olive, and another of green, a rose- 
colored, and scarlet, and ten thousand other 
dyes, have been invented with much trouble 
for mischievous voluptuousness. Such clothing 
ia ior looking at} not for covering. Garments 
too variegated with gold, and those that are 
purple, and that piece of lu.'cury which has its 
name from beasts and that saffron-colored oint- 
ment-dipped robe * * we are to bid farewell to 
with the art itself." Clement of Alexandria, 
Book 2, page 25S, 259. 

"To Christian modesty it is not enough to be 
so, but to seem so too. For so great ought its 
plenfcitude to be, that it may flow out from the 
mind to the garb, and burst out from the con- 
seince to the outward appearance; so that even 
from the outside it may gn/e, as it were, upon 
its own furniture, such as to be suited to re- 
tain faith as its inmate perpetually, * * * 
Wherefore, blessed sisters, let us abandon lux- 
uries, and we shall not regret them, * * * Let 
us cast away earthly ornaments if we desire 
heavenly. Love not gold. * * Clothe your- 
selves with the silk of uprightness, the fine 
1 of holiness, the purple of modesty. Thus 
painted, you will have God as your Lover." 
Tertullian Vol. 1, page32S. 

In this he urges that Christian modesty in 
its completeness should '7^o(pom//j'OWi the mind 
to ihe garb, and burst out from the conscience 
to ihe ouiicard appearance.''' This he declares 
should be so that Christian modesty might 
gaze upon "iVs own furniture^ But before 
Tertullian could urge believers in Chri.sit to let 
their modesty gaze upon its own furniture, 
there must have been modest furniture, or 
Christian garment. 

Cyprian devotes thirteen pages to dress in 
s first volume, and ten pages against public 
shows, Clement of Alexandria devotes eight 
pages to the dress question, and Tertullian, on 
page after page handles the question with great 
ability. One can not read the able defense of 
the Fathers in behalf of simplicity in dress 
without concluding that the conflict in the 
nineteenth century over this question is simply 
a repetition of that away back yonder in the 

beginning of Christianity, Then it was a eon- 
llict between the m(iH//c and the ^oirn; nau: it 


roiifiision, between 

the yJrcMrrn'a style of dress, and stylea ho/ of 
the Brethren. 

We now unhesitatingly declare our firm 
convictions that, our present manner of dress, 
as taught by the General Brotherhood, ia 
the outgrowth oi the great law of uniformity, 
and that no difference how much designiog 
men and women may attempt to dwarf the 
principles upon which it is founded, these 
principles ejuinot ho overtltfown. The devel- 
opment of the idea of uniformity is subject to 
the law of uniformity, therefore the law of 
uniformity 13 absoulutely necessary to uniform- 
ity. There is but ohc, and there could, by no 
possibility, be more than one /«w of uniformity. 
Every law in the universe "must be in perfect 
harmony with every other law" of the universe, 
hence he who opposes the late of uniformity — 
breaks the harmony which law is designed to 

There is another law, equality, which is iu 
harmony with the law of uniformity. There 
can be no equality where there is uot uniform- 
ity. Infract the law of uniformity, and the 
law of equality is infracted. Maintain the law 
of uniformity, and the law of equality ia main- 
tained. We therefore pleail for uniformity, not 
because Annual Meeting urges it, not because 
old brethren insist upon it, but because it ia a 
fundamental priim2ilc in both nature and re- 
ligion. Annual Meeting does not plead for it 
because it is of men, but because it is op God, 
and what tJod has set up, cannot be torn down. 

Brethren and sisters, are you ready to sar- 
renderthe principles of eternal truth? Are 
you ready to deliver up to Satan the great 
principles of equality, uniformity, and brother- 
ly love? Are you ready to abandon the funda- 
mental truths which were established by the 
Son of God, our Savior? Are you prepared to 
stave in the sides of the good old ship on 
which you are sailing, for the mere fun of 
seeing the waters rush iu and overwhelm you? 
Are you preparedjto pull down the sails, tear up 
the rigging of the vessel just to gratify your 
adveraaiy, the devil? Me thinks I hear a uni- 
versal chorus of voices, saying, "No, never! 
Giie us the good old ship, and fall liberty to 
oh-g Oad and maintain right principles, and tee 
will move ouwtird lo virtorij throngh Christ Je- 
susour Lord! I" 

The first term of school at Ashland College 

closed December 2i, 1S7(1. Number of teach- 
ers employed six, number of studfnla in atten- 
dance during the term, one hundred and twelve. 
Second terra opened with thirty-six new stu- 
dents and nearly all the old ones returned. 

The Brethren of the Sanle Fe congregation, 
Ind., have requested the churches of Middle 
Indiana to consider the propriety of erecting a 
home for orphans and infirm persons. This 
question has been before them at diflerent 
times, but as yet has not been carried into ac- 
tion. We hope they will at least make an 
effort, and if it then fails, the willing hearts 
will have been relieved of eome responsibility. 

On another page of this issue Bro, Gish 
speaks out plainly, forcibly and truthfully. The 
time now Is that men of firmness and sound- 
ness must come to the front, aud speak in tones 
that will win. We are not ignorant of the 
fact that the cry of freedom may he raised by 
tyrants aud despots for the same purposes that 
the thief cries out, "Stop thief!"' Brother Gish 
expresses a plain truth when he says that an 
Ingersoliian press would indeed be 'free" so 
long as the people, whom it was designed to 
destroy, would furnish the money to run it. 
That ia not freedom which seeks to mutilate 
and destroy itself. The man who has promised 
to support the constitution of the United 
States, aud then turns round and tries to de- 
itrcy the very thing he promised to help main- 
tain, is known by the name traitor. 1 Tim. 4: 
1, 2 This is the characXer pictured more than 
eighteen hundred years ago. We have reached 
a period of the world's age in which, under the 
plea of iWedom, designing and corrupt men 
hesitate not to "speak evil of dignities," nor to 
denounce in bitter language all who earnestly 
contend for the simplicity that was in Christ. 
Kvery attempt to maintain the principles of 
.<t^1f-(leQial aiti humility isopposed fsid ridiculed 
iu Ingeriiollian style. Beloved brethren and 
listers, grow not weary, but may the Lord find 
v on all very often upon your knees, praying for 
ihose who oppose themselves. 

TliE liiiEa iiKKISr ^VT "wokk:. 





From Tiberias to Tyre. 


{TiDin UiB "Chrtitlu SUndanl" bj tfetit 

THERE 18 OQly one object at Niixareth 
whicli I wa3 especiiilly auiious to seo, and 
that was the precipice dovu which theNazurenes 
attempted to cast Jeans. The trndilioa mongers, 
with their nauni disregard of scripture state- 
ments, have located this incident near the steep 
hill mention«'(i nhove, which we climlied in 
coming to Nazareth; but this is more than 
two milea from the town, while the scnpture 
states that "they led him to the hrow of the 
hill on which their city was buiit, that they 
might cait him down headlong"' (Luke 4: 20.) 
"The hill on which the city is built," then, is 
the one on which wp must look for the place 
in question; and if it can not be found there, 
honesty must compel us to admit that it cbu 
not be found at all. Some writers have come 
ao near nmkiiig this adniiaaiou that I felt quite 
aolicitonw on the sribject, and I searched tlie 
hill from top to bottom, from aide to side, and 
from end to end. I did so, not because ail this 
was necessary to find a place suited to the event, 
but because I desired to know all the places 
where it could have occurred, and to speak on 
the subject. with full assurance. I found only 
two such plac(.'9. One ia near the northeastern 
6nd of the town, and about one-third the way 
up the hill! ttia a perpendicular precipice six- 
ty feet high, made by the falling in of the roof 
of 'a deep cavern which once extended along 
the face of the hill at this point, and part'of 
which still exists close by the precipice. X 
think, however, from the appearance of the 
rock, that this preoipice has been formed in 
cpmparfltively recent times; and for this reaaou 
I do not suppose that the attempt at precipita- 
tion pccurred here. Put near the opposite , eat! 
of the town, and at about the same elevation 
up the, hill, the same ledge of rock forma a 
natural precipice, which has every appearance 
of having existed froji time immemorial. Its 
perpendicular height ia now about 40 feet, 
abundantly sufficient to kill a man if dashed 
headlong from its top. It is hi'gh enough up 
the hill to justify the acripture atatement that 
it was on "the brow of the hill:" It was most 
probably outjide the ancient city, Lieut. Con- 
der thinks, from the appearance of ruins higher 
up, that the ancient city was situated, like most 
of the towns of Palestine, near the top of the 

If this supposition is correct, then the Naz- 
areues, in taking Jesus out of the town, took 
him do^vn liiil to the precipice below the town, 
and this precipice constituted the brow of the 
hill as seen from tho valley below. I am en- 
tirely satisfied that here is where the awful 
attempt was made; but I know not how to real- 
ize the feelings of Jesus, when his own neigh- 
bors, former frienda and lifelong companioua, 
thus attempted to take his life. 

There are tw5 missioniuy enterprises located 
at Nazareth with which I was very favorably 
impressed. One is a Medical Mission, supported 
hy a society in Edinburgh. It is furnished with 
a dispensary, where medicine is given without 
charge to those who are unable to pay for it, 
and with an inlirmary, capable of accommo- 
dating a limited number of sick pei'sous who 
are without homes or away from home. Dr. 
Vardon, the Superintendent, is both a preacher 
and a physician, and white ministering to the 
bodies of his patients, he invariably imparts to 
them religious instruction. I think this the 
most direct method of access to the adult 
minds of this benighted population, and the 
supply of medical treatment for them is a moA- 
benevolent thing in itself. They sicken, and 
suffer and die, from all the maladies that flesh 
is heir to, without the use of any remedies 
whatever, unless it ba some that are worse thau 
the disease. My heart bled for them on more 
than one occasiou. Unce there was brought to 
me a woman who was afflicted with a deep 
cough, aud who was evidently a victim of con- 
sumption. They said that the doctor of the 
village had cauterized her, but that she had 
grown worse instead ol better. On inquiry I 
learned that the cauteriziug consbted iu apply- 
ing a red hot iron to her back, aud the terrible 
wound which it caused was not yet healed up. 
She will carry it to her grave, and the time will 
not be long. 

The other enterprise at Naziroth, is a Female 
Orphan School. On a bench of the hill, perched 

high above the city, is a large and handsome 
stone building, two stories high, the most con- 
spicuous and the finest house in the place. It 
was erected by a Miss Discon, of Kogland, as 
an orphan girl's home. It accommodates 
about forty girls as boarders, who receive an 
elementary education, and are taught all the 
domestic arts of civilized life, such as cooking, 
washing, sewing, etc. It is impossible to im- 
agine a people more in need of all this instruc- 
tion, than the native women of this country. 
Their usual mode of washing is to sit down by 
a smooth rock near a pool of water, dip the 
garment to he washed in the water, lay it on 
the rock, and then beat it with another reck, 
or with a heavy wooden paddte. As a conse- 
quencoofthe method, their clothes are never 
clean except when they are new. Of the art of 
cooking they know nothing, except to boil 
mutton and rice together, and to make a kind 
of bread whicli a wliite man cannot eat. Tliey 
can seldom atford to eat mutton or rice, aud 
their standing diet ia cold bread and sour goat's 
milk. To these they add cucumbers, tomatoes 
and melona in their aeaion, eating the two for- 
mer as the last, without salt or vinegar, or any 
mode of preparation. It seems to me impossi- 
ble to make good Christians out of a. people 
thus benighted, until you teach them some- 
thing in tie line of domestic economy. 

While our camp was in Nazareth, we rode 
over to Kefr Kenun (village ol Kenna), the 
Cana of the Now Testament, It is a little over 
three milea northeast of Nazareth, a convenient 
diatauce for Mary and her family to attend the 
wedding. Here the Greeks have a very odd 
buildtng'consisting of a single room in which, 
they say the water was turned into winn. They 
have turned the room into a chapel, aud in oue 
side of it atiand two large stone mortars, about 
two and one-half feet high and twenty inches 
across, uo^7 use4 for immersiug infaiit^. .Our 
local guide, iu explaining their utie to us, said: 
"Df^ Greeks put de babies under; not sprinkle 
em, like de Latins and de Protest ^ntsl" The 
priest told us that these two mortars were two 
of the sis stone water pots which held the wa- 
ter that was turned into wine. The simple- 
mmded old man waa' not aware that thesis 
water pots held each itwo or three firkins apiece 
— about 20 giUons— whereas his mortars held 
only about six gallons. If he had known this 
he migl^t have chisled hi^. mortars out a little 
deeper. When we came out of the room, I saw 
near by a twenty gallon oil jar, and I said to 
tho priest, '"You ought to take that, aud paint 
it to imitate stone, aud then put it in the place 
of your two jars: it would look more like the 
thing." His only answer was, "That is made 
to hold oil." I don't think he saw the point. 

From Nazareth we went across southern Gal- 
ilee to Acria, now called Akkas but called Ptoie- 
mais iu the New Teatameut, It is more prom- 
inent iu the military history of the cruaades 
and ot the Turkish Empire, thau in sacred his- 
tory. It is tht best fortified city on the Syrian 
coast, and is a thoroughly Turkish towu. 

Oue day's ride along the se.t-coast brought us 
from Acre to Tyre. It would require the space 
of au entire letter to ?ay briefly all that I would 
like to say of this famous city; and yet, in de- 
scribing its ruins, I woiild have to repeat much 
of what I have said concerning Askelon and 
Cifsarea. Suffice it to say, that while the mod- 
ern town of Tyre is au average Syrian town, 
the site of the ancient city ia well described iu 
the sublime strains of the prophet Ezekiel, in 
which he predicted the ruin which the traveler 
now beholds. Read the 26th aud 57th chaptei-s 
of Ezekiel. aud consider them the conclusion 
of this letter. 

J. W. McGauvey. 

Notes and Observations. 


ON the 11th of December I left home for the 
purpose of business aud a release from 
home C3re, aud landed in Huntingdon, Pa., ou 
the evening of the 12th. The uext morning 
called atBio. A. B. Brumbaugh's office. Next 
proceeded up toivn and called with brother 
Quinter, who is always re.idy to welcome the 
brethren, and the Primitive family, and also the 
Brethren's Normal School, Was introduced to 
the teachers and many students; found them 
to be agreeable and pleasant. Visited the class 
rooms and heard numerous recitations aud es- 
amiuations which were thorough andsearching, 
not ouiy being taught from text books, but of 
general and practical application, when applied 
to the business wants of after life. This school, 
although it* name indicates a course more 
particularly adapted to the fitting of teachers 
for their calling, embraces foil instruction in 
I'll brajiches, common and higher, comprising a 
two aud four year course, and under its foster- 

ing care much good boa been done, asisatttsttd 
by the numerous additions to the church, of its 
students, which, brethren, we consider of no 
small importance. As I mingled with them I 
found them kind and sociable, and much inter- 
est manifested by the young members in the 
cause of truth. It was my privilege to worship 
with them and preach the word; excellent in- 
terest and close attention on the part of all. I 
felt that it was good to be there. Also atten- 
ded Sabbath-aehool; found a commendable zeal, 
the young brethren and sisters instructing the 
youth, and gathering from the streets, and 
clothing those not sutHciently clad to come, 
so that they may be taught out of the word of 

From small beginnings the school has grown, 
making it necessary for more commodious buil- 
dings which they have erected at the north of 
town on a beautiful hillside, which commands 
a fine view of the mountains and shaggy peaks 
aud the varied .scenery which surrounds the 
place. About half a mile east of the building, 
on another hillside, ia the cemetery belonging 
to the town. There lie the remains of Brother 
J.M. Zuck, the founder of the Institution, aud 
whose loss is deeply felt by the school aud 
church, and all who were tnrown within the 
circle of his influence. My association with the 
brethren of Huntingdon was both agreeable 
and instruct ive, and can truly say I was well 
pleased with all whom I met. The only thought 
of sadness is, when shall it be again? Perhans 
never in thi.s life, but if not, brethren, let us all 
be prepared to meet iu the family above. 

On the morning of the 17th, I left Hunting- 
don for Ashland, Ohio, aud as the sun shone 
brightly it afforded me a tine view of Nature's 
hand-work as I glided along on the Pa. Central. 
A light snow having fallen the night previous 
covered the mouu tain- tops, and hung lightly 
upon the ever-green houghs far up the moun- 
tain side, the scenery being grand and beauti- 

Arrived at Ashland the next morning and 
soon found my way to Bro, S. H. Bashor's, 
where I was kindly cared for; remained over 
Sunday, visiting the College, which was just 
closing the first term. Buildings are finely 
located on an elevation, over-looking the city 
and country, with a large commodious main 
building having two front entrances with cen- 
tral stairway leading to all parts of the bnit- 
diug. a diuiug department to the right of main 
building for females, and iu contemplation a 
little building to the left formates; altogether 
wheu completed with its fine grounds of 27 
acres forming a nice home for students. Sev- 
eral of the students are members of the Church. 
Recently a short series of' meetings were held 
by Bro, Bashor, wheu several were added to the 
family above. At 2:30 i'. ji., aud by requeat, a 
sermon was preached ou feet-washing as a 
command to be observed in the Church, with 
good attendance and interest. In the evening 
the writer talked to the people as best he 
could, and then took the train for Mansfield. 
Tlie associations formed there werr pleasant. 

Stopped with Bro S. T. J3ossernian, treasurer 
of City Mission Fuuds; found him busy with 
his secular business, but he is one that finds 
time to work for the soul, and his labors crowned 
with success usually. He had just closed a se- 
ries of meetings in the outskirts of the church, 
.with //oorf^fli/, two additions aud promise of 
more soon. J, C. Leiuian. 

Franklin Grorr, III. 

Home Mission Work, 

Dear Brethrar— 

THE term of evangelism of North Missouri 
District lor lS7y was completed at Ban- 
croft, Davies-s County, on the evening of the 
20th of December, where there were a 
scattered members found by the evangelists in 
the earlier part of the term. But the "Con; 
gational Brethren" had previously found them, 
and their Elder Dauiel Hendricks, of South- 
west Missouri had been there and organized 
them in the name of that sect; but upon being 
visited by the brethren of their first choice, 
they soon became dissatisfied with the r organ ■ 
ization under Hendricks. So when Elder Win. 
B. Sell, of Gentry County, Missouri, aud Wm. 
K. Lierle, of Adams County, Illinois, were 
called to our assistance, aud met us there on 
the 26th of December, and the membership 
called together, there was but one dissenting 
voice against them being disbanded and or- 
ganized in the name and order of the Breth 

The numb?r of yeas was eleven, and five of 
the members were not pre-'ieat, of whom lo 
count four yea3. We have a membership <-i 
fifteen, organized and under the care of an or' 
dained elder, as a result, at least o! the mi s^ion 
t«rmof 1S79. Iu our owu coogregation thia 

mission, by the grace of God. brought about 
the most important event that occured here 
for years in the conversion of souls. But 
much of the success at Bancroll must be at- 
tributed to the labors of Brother Lierle.of Illi- 
nois, as he is really the founder of that con- 
gregation, having come there three or four 
times, and preached and baptized the most of 
the members that are there, and being one of 
our faithful, zealous, cross-bearing veterans of 
the cross. He is heartily invited to continue 
his visits, as also are all the brethren who 
bring the true doctrine; but he not astonished 
if the brethren there require credentials of a 
stranger, having been sorely imposed upon. 

Would -say to Brethren traveling ou tho 
Rock Island and S. Western R. R., they would 
do well to stop off at Jamesport and go ont to 
Bancroft aud see the brethren, nu'd their 
very e.xcellent country. For conveyance out, 
address John Gooding or James Boren, Ban- 
croft, Davis County, Missouri, 

Perhaps the next most important result ot 
this term of our Home Misaion is that in Hon- 
ey Creek Congregation. Such a season of re- 
joicing at the return of prodigals to their Fath- 
er's house! and such a gathering iu of lambs 
into the fold as was witii.>33ed there ou the 
morning of our departure from them, is not 
fouud in the previous annals of this district. 

Our memories of the members at Honey 
Creek, and our enjoymenta with them nre 
swetjt and lasting, and their sincere requests 
are remembered in many prayers, as also are 
similar rt quests of many others. Oh how 
many said, "Remember my husbaud in your 
prayers," and some said, "Remember my wife," 
and others, "My children." Some of these re- 
quests and prayers we saw answered and rqpl- 
ized with great rejoicing, aud giving thauks 
and praises to Qud. 

We now turn over to the Brotherhood of 
Nortiv Missouri District, the work entrusted 
into our hand as having, by the grace of God, 
occupied, we behove, according to Uie talents 
given us, and hope it will be accepted by the 
church as such, and receive the blessing of the 
Lord as such. C. C. R< ot. 

George A, SHAMriruoHU. 

From Salem, Oregon. 

Drar Brdhrm:— 

ON Saturday, the 13thof December I return- 
ed home, having been to Washington 
and Idaho Territories and Eastern Oregon on a 
mission of love. Attended some twenty-sis or 
twenty-eight meetings, nine of which were, 
however, in Multomah and Clackamus Couutiea, 
iu the lower end of tho valley, one in Clark 
County, near Vancouver, W. T., near the resi-' 
dence of Brother Jacob and Sister Mary Hort', 
formerly from Missouri. We were tho first 
members they saw since they left Missouri, 
conse(|Uently they were made to rejoice. 
Held five meeting,s in Whitman County, 
Wa.shington Territory, iu the bounds of tho 
country of Brother Isaac Huffman aud broth- 
ers; and iu Ne/. Perces County, Idaho Ter- 
ritory, attended some eight nine meetings. 
Near Moscow, on Saturday evening, Nov. 2!lth, 
we held a communion meeting, at the residence 
of Brother Abraham Stewart, Here I met 
Elder Isaac Hershey. who had arrived 
thereabout the 20th of October from Kunsaa. 
He expects lo make that country his earthly 
home; therefore he has taken the oversight of 
that church which we orgauized about one year 

We lelt there December 1st; {:hence to Wal- 
la Walla City; thence nine miles south into 
Umatilla County, Oregon, to the residence of 
our much respected friend, 0. W. Hartuess, 
who treated us very kindly, aud seemed to 
take quite an interest iu the welfare of the 
church. Here we held four meetings. Thence 
to The Dalles; here visited Brethren .John 
Leedy, Alfred Baltimore, and their families; 
thence home; found all well, for which we 
thank the Lord. 

While ou eaid trip had very good health; 
was well treated: generally quite au interest 
manifested at our meetings; had one acceg.<iion 
by baptism in Idaho, four by letter; two is 
Idaho, and two in Western Washington Ter- 

Our way of traveling was hy st'^^m-boit 
railroad, stage wagon, buggy, horde-back, 
sometimes on foot, sometimes had only an In- 
dian trail to travel on, wita many hills and 
va'Uyst) tfiVrfl over. F»uui tne pelope all 
generally wellsitiified. Paul aays, "Content- 
ruent ivith godliness n great gain," The 
brethren up there are very anxious for breth- 
ren to move in among them and help them to 
build up the church; to are we in this valley. 

Brother Isaac Hershey of Moscow, Nez- 
Perces County, is willing to give any informa- 

.Ta,n- 20 


tioQ lie caQ to bis correspond en ta. (I would 
Hay enclose a thrKe-cent Htump or two wheu 
uiiy one writ«a to liiuifor inrormiitioii.) 

Brotlicr M. M. Uaslior, of Colorado arrived 
Iit-re with hia family the llth of Ddiiemhor, 
nil addreHs at preeeut is Salem, Marion 
Ooimtyi Oregon. 

We expect lo Iiold a fr^w day's meeting hi^re 
Qtourscliool-hoiiRe.coiiiiuencii(g on Cliri*tnias, 
andcontinueoverSuuduy, Brother S. .1. PiHey 
started homo from here December lillb. 
f [ intended to write a ntiort commiiuicntioQ 

this time, but I have failed. Please excuse and 
bear with me. 

Youra in the bonds of the Gospel, 

David Brower. 

DfCfmha- 22ml. 

From Bro. J. C. Moomaw. 

Ihur Bi-ethmi.— 

PURSUANT to appoiiitnieut, the brethren 
convened to consider the subject of a more 
extensive elTort in ministerial work wiiliin the 
Krst District of Virginia and its surroundings. 
The several churches were represented as fol- 
lows; Roanoke, Moutgomery. Rockbridge ami 
Botetourt in person; three of the churches in 
I'Vauklin, two of Floyd by letter. One of the 
churches ot Franklin, one of Flojd, the church 
of Bedford. Allegheny, North Carolina and the 
several churches of W. A'n. bad no represen- 
tation. The inclemency of the weather, the 
distauce of travel and other causes, prevented a 
full meetiiic; however, after aseasou of devotion 
and an explanation of the (ibipct of the meet 
iiig, on molion, brother J. \V. Pnrsley wns 
called to the chair, and J. C. Moomaw appoint- 
ed clerk. It was then decided that tlie District 
not being more fully represented, it would not 
be expeuient to L'Uter into regular business, but 
that there might be a free interchange of opin- 
ion, and expression of sentiment given. The 
nieoting was then addressed by all the repre- 
sentatives present. The sentiment expressed 
was in perfect harmony, and set forth the need 
of more industrious mi^nisterial work, and co- 
operation of both the ministry and laity. It 
was the prevailing sentiment that material aid 
was necessary to promote successful and more 
e.viteiiiive labor. 
♦ The necessity of caution was strongly ad- 

vised, uud the idea of establishing a salaried 
ministry has never been entertaintil by the 
Brethren, but strongly opposed by all present. 
The sentiment expressed by the laity was much 
in favor of assisting the ministry by contrib- 
uting such aid with which they have been 
blessed, in defraying the expense of traveling, 
and providing for the families of poor ministers 
vJhen a plan is agreed upon that secures their 
confidence and respect. All the letters were 
read relative to the necessity of more work, and 
need ot organization was set fortli by the most 
of them. Plans were suggested by some; by 
othere tears were expressed; others set forth the 
probability of uusunderstandiiig the motives of 
the brethren and object of thd meeting. Inas- 
much as it w.'is very desirable that the whole 
District should harmonize and fully understand 
each other, and as an association of churches, 
niutualtv enter into this great and gooil work, 
on motion, it was agreed to adjourn until 
Thursday before the coming Dislrict Meeting, 
believing that from the spirit which governed 
this meeting that when there is a full represen- 
tation in our future meeliug, there will be no 
difhcnlty in harmonizing upon a plan that will 
be agreeable to all, promotive of the object in 
view" and dissipate the fears of our good breth- 
ren who have addressed us by letter. Bigaed 
bv the committee upon report. 

Moses Bhuisakeu. 
B. F. MooitAW. 

HenKY G-UiST. 

Henry Elleu. 
J. C. MooiiAw. 
In all matters of great interest and bearing 
upon church polity, it sliould be approached 
with great care, and entered into in the ixer- 
cise of becoming prudence. Prudence, however, 
doesnotju'tify a tottl neglect of du'y nor un- 
ivillingneis to consider questions upon church 
government, with others Irom whom we 
differ, and especially should we not object 
to the con side ion of que^lious until tbe oL- 
jecfes in view Hre fully known, Pure and gen- 
uine motives upon the weliare of the Church 
will compel us to exert our iuQueiice jigainst 
encroaching eviU in a becoming manner, but 
not forbid us meeting with those who oppose 
^ us and discuss those differences in the presence 

of our brethren. In fact it has never been con- 
sidered siife by oin- wiiestesamplers to act upon 
a rpipstiou of general interest, either for or 
agaiust, except in an aiiembly of the brethren, 
uud after a full statement of the case. The 
likelihood of misunderstanding the true nature 
of a case from mere hearsay is too great to jus- 

tify a pruiJent and safe man in acting npon a 
matter where importance is involved, either 
with respect to persons orqne6tioD6. Hence the 
adrice we havd is, come, let us reason together, 
not apirt. 

Imumuch aaoprdear brethren in Franklin 
county have, without the consent or co-operaliou 
of the District, organized for more extensive 
ministerial work, the brethren elsewiiere felt 
justified in following their example, but^ prefer 
that I he whole District enter into it, perhaps 
upon the plan they have in operation if it meets 
the reauirements of the case. 

Pcliss Creel; Va. 

From J. H. Miller. 

Jkai- Dn-lhen:— 

I 'Hi Gospel Preacher. Yo\.\, No. iS, Brothct 
■John B. VVrightsmun proposes a plan for 
a better understanding among the minibters ot 
Northern Di.strict of Indiana, to spread the 
go?pel more fully, and have the ministers to 
meet and hold a ■■ilinistei-s' Association,'' for 
a more successful working order. 1 will 
promptly admit that too many of our preach- 
ers are too much inclined to sit at home and 
"■ilboweach other," saying, "I wish the liber- 
ty," and meau "the liberty is now extended," 
and too much time wasted in preferriug each 
other. Enough is suliicient. But a Ministe- 
rial Association will not get those who are in- 
clined to stay at home any sooner, to work. 
Some brethren are qualihud for che uiissioi 
lield, while others are best suited for home 
work. Brethren, we should be careful and not 
allow too uiiny '"innovations." That is the 
main course of some proposing to withdraw. 
Let us labor continually for more zeal and love 
in the church and the "unity of the spirit." 
Brother Landon West in the same niiml: 
of the Preacher has given my views about 
missionary work and ministers — how they 
should go. Do not wait for a convention and 
cull the ministers together to see how they 
must do, so they can be useful in the great 
work of converting souls to God, but let every 
district do that work, and sand its own men in- 
to the Eeld. Brother West says, "In Old Vir- 
ginia the brethren do not w,iit for a convention, 
but go, and travel on horse-back for hundreds 
of miles, and stay out for weeks spreading the 
Gospel." That is it, heed the command, "go," 
and let every district attend to this promptly, 
and we will have more preachers in the field 
than any other way. Brother Wright?man 
desired a hearing from the brethren in North- 
Indiana; in love I have responded. May 
the blessings of heaven be with all of God's 
dear children. 

(Gospel Preacher, pkfise coptj.) 

From Dunkirk, Ohio. 

fkar Brethren: — 

OUR meeting at Pleasant Ridge, the nortb- 
eastdrii limit of E^gle Creek Congrega- 
tion, is now among tJie things of the past, hav- 
ing closed the meeting last evening. Nine 
precious souls were added to the church by 
baptism; all heads of families, save one. 

The weather seemed much ngainstus, being 
quite rainy and roads bad; yet the people gave 
a pretty full house and good attention. 
Many came out on the several occasions to 
witness the baptism, and seemed to be solemnly 

pressed, and many tears of symp.ithy and 
penitence were sited. The meeting closed with 
the best of feeling, and the cause is flourishing 
in that part of Ejgte Creek Ci>ngregation, 
This is our second effort in our district. Have 
had few calls from the Home Mission, but feel- 
ing impressed with the duty and need of great- 

and successive labor within the limits of our 
own territory, 1 was made to decline. Have 
two more places at which we expect to labor 
ere we go abroad. We have not far to go 
where the people know but little of our doc- 
trine, here- it is not BO piipnlarly accepted and 
rrqnire* greater effort to preach and explain 
the truths of the Bible. Here and there one 
will accept and ob'^y it as based upon the 
platform of the Bible, and upon that he stands 
bopet'a'ly awaiting his translation from labor 
to reward. May God bless the labors of his 
children eviry where, is my prayer. 

S. T. D.1S3EKMAN. 

A Visit to The South, 

ON the ISth of November I took the train 
for Richland Co., Illinois, to attend a 
Love-feast with the brethren of Big Creek 
cVurch, arriving there on the evening of tbe 
14th, and services at night. Nest day services 
also at 10 and at 3. lu the evening congre- 
ation still larger, the brethren coming from a 
distance, among whom were brethren Jacob 

Gearhart, Calvert, Obenchain and otlier3 from 
Allisbm Prairie, and others from other parts 
until there wasqutt« a respectable representa- 
tion of members. The exercises of the evening 
were very pleasant, the spectators observing 
good order. Tbe next morning quite * number 
assembled and an election was heldfora deacou. 
Ti e n B lit was, two had kept side by side in th^ 
Cioice. When it was submitttd lo the church 
whether the two be installed it was unmiimous- 
ly voted that they both be installed, which was 
done wiih the hope that they work astliey were 
chosen, side by side, in the vmeyard of the 
Lord, May the church have cause to look 
biick to tbe tim^ when they united to put these 
brethren to work, recognizing the hand 
oltheLordin it. At the same time brother 
Barney was advanced to the second degree of 
the ministry. The meeting was continued sev- 
eral days; three were baptized and two re- 
cla med. The meetings were all held in the 
new meeting-house. We predict a bright fu- 
ture for this church with their commodious 
house ot worship, their self-denying servants, 
and their warm-hearted members both young 
and old. Tbe Lord blesa them, aud keep them 
in the truth, shall be my prayer. I remember 
the kindness of the dear members while among 
them. T. D. Lyon. 

Hiuhon, III. 

From the AntiochChurcli, Ind, 

ON the Sth of Nov., four were received into 
the church by baptism. Thus I ho cause 
moves on. On the 24th of Novemlier nccurred 
the death of sister Indus, wife of brother Daniel 
Leedy. She suffered much and long, but bore 
it all with Christian patience. She requested 
her friends to live for Jesus, saying that it will 
pay in this life, and is the only hope in that 
which is to come. 

J. C. Murray, of Clear Creek Church, came to 
us on the fith of December and remained over 
Sunday, and preached two sermons. On the 
20th there was a communion held near Di 
for the special benefit of some who had lately 
come to the church. The meeting was a ph 
ant one, and, we hope, one of good and lasting 

On the night of the 7th of December I was 
summoned some seven miles to the bedside of 
Rachel Eads. She bad. for some time, been 
persuaded of her duty, but had put it off for a 
more convenient season. When 1 went to her 
r om 1 asked her what she wanted. She said she 
wanted me to pray with her. L then asked her if 
that was all. She said no, I want to be bap- 
tized if you think I am able, saying that if she 
was not baptized then, she never would be. I 
told her I thought she could be, and she was 
and stood it better than some well persons. On 
the following night she called her frieuds to 
her bed and told them she was willing to die, 
and on the following day she breathed her last. 

On the 12th of D-^ceni Iter mother passed from 

rth at the age of nearly sixty years. In just 
one week father died, li,e being over seventy 
years old. Both died of lung fever, and both 
were members of the Church, 


it known to some one of the members of the 
Board. The following constitute tbe Board: 
David Shidler, Leipsic, Pntnian Co., Abraham 
Beeehly, Attica, Seneca Co., Samuel Thomas, 
Carey, Wyandott Co.. Peter DriTcr, Limo, Al- 
len Co.. J. R. Spacht, Dunkirk, Hardin Co. 

Belore you send in a call, be sure that you 
can get a place to hold the meeting, and if your 
cull is in an or^runized cuurch, consult your 
Elder and get his consent for the meetings. 
J, It. Si'Ac-HT. 

From Scandia, Kansas. 

D<ar Brethren.-— 

IV we have not the large church-houses and 
tlie largp congregations hero as in the 
East, we have dear brethren who are willing to 
sacrifice homo comforts and friends for the 
cause— brethren that oan speak for Jesus. 
Lust Fall we had five sermons by Brother Jo- 
seph Bjshor. Be was on his way to Colorado. 
May the goitd Lord bless his labors 

Brotlier James Swit/.er is now on a mission 
jf love. I hope the good Father will bless the 
effort that in being put forth. Brethren, give 
him a warm reception. Brother William Lu- 
genbeelcamctous on the HUh of December, 
and preached three sermons. Though the 
weather WHS colder than uoinmop, the people 
turned out well, and were attentive. He prom- 
ised to be with us again about the'ilst of Feb- 
runry, and he requests that some brother meet 
him here and help to hold a week's meeting. 
Now, dear brethren, who will come and help 
us? Come in the name of the Lord and he 
will bless your labors of love. We live five 
miles south-east of Scandiu. 

Sarah A, Daooett. 

Home Mission of North-western Ohio, 

THE brethren in District Council last Spring 
established nHome Mission, by appoiut- 
a Board consisting of five deacon brethren, 
who were instructed to meet and appoint a 
Moderator, Secretary, and Treasurer. This-be- 
inj; done, the Board proceeded further to ap- 
point solicitors to solicit funds to carry on the 
work. I rfjoice to say that many noble hearts 
have responded, and I venture to say their free- 
will offerings have gone up to God like the in- 
cense of a sweet smell. Dhl how God must look 
down with approbation upon his children 

heu they are trying to carry out the great 
immissiou, and preach the Gospel to every 

I appeal to you, my dear brethren, in Chris- 
tian love, you who are opposed to Mission 
work, suppose your son or daughter were out of 
Christ and away from the Church, and some of 
our goiid evangelists would go there aud hold a 
series of meetingt and thereby be the means of 
his conversion, would it not bring joy to your 
hearts? It certainly tvonld, aud if so, are not 
others just as precious in the sight of God? — 
There are means in tbe Treiisury to fill calls, 
and if it is i'lle longer than during the winter, 
the Board will not be to blame. 

Believing it to be in harmony with the 
Church, and the wishes of the remaining part 
f the Board I will say that if there is a broth- 
er, sister or friend in the North Western Dis- 
trict of Ohio, or a little band of brethren who ' 
are isolated and would desire the brethren to , 
come and hold a series of meetings, please malte | 

From Lcwlston, Minnesota. 

Dear Brother Bshelman:— 

AFTEU taking leave of you and Brother 
Miller on the morning of the Dth of De- 
cember at LeSuour, wo, in company with the 
brethren, mado our way west seven miles to 
the residence of our old friend, Peter Traver 
and family. Here I occupied ten days in preach- 
ing the word of the Lord according as the 
Lord aave ability, hoping that sumo seed may 
germinate and produce fruit. 

Prom here we went to the neighborhood of 
Sibley P. 0., seven or eight miles north-east. 
Here we labored about a week, trying to warn 
sinners to flee the wrath to come, and encour- 
age those sheep that are scattered over those 
wide extended plains. May the Lord be with ' 
them, and keep them in the narrow way. 

I returned home on the 30th of Dscemberj 
found all well; thanks be to the Lord for his 
mercy. C. F. WntT. 

From Warsavt', Ind. 

THE brethren of the Washington Churoh 
dedicated (h'jir new meeting-bouse on the 
Istinst. The building ia the largest in the 
State, and cost the brethren considerable mon- 
ey, Elda. Jesse Calvert and John Knialey 
officiated on the occasion. Tho brethren took 
up a collectiou which resulted in the donation 

We were vory sorry that there were not more 
brethren present from a distance as we woald 
have been very glad to have had them with us. 
The church is under the control of Eld. Jesse 
Calvert, and numbers one hundri^d members. — 
All are live, ytivc workers in (he Master's 
cause; expect to sttirt a Sunday-school as soon 
as possible. Fraterndly yours. 

EmviN Keeleb. 

A Misunderstanding. 

I UNDERSTAND that some of the breth- 
ren are using my name on the petition 
that w;ia formed by some one claiming to rep- 
resent the Miami A' alley or Smthern District 
of Ohio, asking A, M. to fall back behind San- 
day-schools, series of meetings, missionary 
work, single mode of feet-washing, supper on 
the table, salaried ministry, etc. I never aign- 
e:l that petition, and ailvise all to stand still, 
aad £ee the salvation of the hnxA. 

J. H. Miller. 

The meanest paymaster in the Universe is 
Satan. He never yet employed a hand that he 
■lid not cheat. Young man, engage your ser- 
V CSS to a better master. 

When alone guard your thoughts; when in 
il> ■ family guard your temper; when in cora- 
t any guard your words. 

THE 13KETHK3i>r ^T "WOKK.. 

0OSil([l ^tHiq^SS. 

And they that be wiae ahall aliine aa the 
brightness of the QnoamentiaDd they that turn 
tDBDy to righteousDeea, as tho stars forever and 
BTer.— Dan. J2:3. 

Moscow. Va.— Od Saturday, Dec. I3tb, 1879, 
Ibere were fifteen persons baptb.ed in North 
River, iieur Bridgewnter, Va. 

Maple Grove, Kansas. — Two more precious 
souls made application last night at meeting to 
become members of the church. The old ship 
movert alowly but steadily on, and still finds a 
few passengers out here on the frontier ready 
to take passage. Don't forget to pray for us, 
brethreD. N. C. 'WoiikMAN. 

Cedar Grove, Tenn.— Received seven by bap- 
tism to-day, Jan. 4th. One reclaimed and ooe 
more applicant. Several others said they would 
come HOOD, This is a happy new year with us. 
Wives aud children were made to rejoice, and 
all the church praised God for his goodness — in 
seeing uinuers turn to the Lord. 


Milford, Ind.— Brother D. Wysouy and the 
writer met with the brethren in North Man- 
chester church, lud, on New Year's day to hold 
a series of meetings. Two confessed Jesus aud 
many more were near Ihe kingdom. Since the 
Annual Meeting that church has increased 
more than any other district in Indiana. On 
Sunday following brother W. was taken into 
Eel River District and the writ«i" to Beaver 
Dam, where a new meeting-house wosdedicated 

J. 11. MlLLEH. 

An Unconscious Speaker. 

BELIEVING it to be of interest to many 
brethren aud others to learu more of the 
man referred to above than was given in tho 
Primitive Christian by brother Beephly, I will 
give what I have learned from reliable infor- 
mation and from being an eye witness, having 
heard bim preach on six difi'erent occasions, I 
also had a private interview with the man 
while in hia conscious state. The man was 
brouglit up in Ohio, after that ho lived in Micli- 
igftu, aud next moved to Indiana, about five 
miles from where I live. He next went to 
Iowa, where he resides at present. He 
man of medium size, forty-five year^ of age, has 
diu-kredor brown hair, and a family of four 
children. Pie has a limited education, and is 
possessed with an extraordinary amount of 
"tnagnetism " He has not been a sound man, 
physically, from a child, frequently bavins se- 
rious paina in bis head, sometimes resulting in 
a siiglit convulsion; but since he speaks in an 
unconscious state he is relieved from his pains 
in his head. During the month of November 
'79, he returned to Indiana to visit his friends 
near wliere I live, at which place I saw him.— 
In April, '77 he first began to apeak uncon- 
sciously. If the source of my information be 
correct, at first lie did not speak regularly, but 
since April '78 has been speaking nearly every 
night. Tiiare have some changes occurred 
since his first attacks of convulsions. At first 
he was taken ill with severe bloating; at pres- 
ent he does not. Wlion Ik' is in his conscious 
state he appears natural, e.'ccept that he looks 
somewhat wild. The convulsions hsgia about 
5 o'clock in the evening. I examined the mu-s 
cles of his limljs when he was in the highesf 
stage of couvuUiou. His liuiba seemed more 
like a galvanic battery than human fiesh. He is 
silent at first, but after laj-ing for some time h ■-. 
begins to pray. After prayer he makes efforts 
to arise, aud, by the assistance of those around 
him, he kneels in prayer, after which he is assist- 
ed to bis feet. lu this posture he speaks; gen- 
erally talks about three hours after which he 
tells the people to sing, and then kneels again 
to pray, at tbe close of which he instantly drops 
into the armsofthoj^e who are readj' to catch 
him to prevent his falling to the floor. He is 
then put into his bed where he remains till four 
o'clock in the morning, when he awakes and is 
conscious until about that time in the evening. 
His name is Noah Troyer; is a lay member of 
tbe Aniish Church and preaches that doctrine. 
Sometimes he speaks in great earnest; at oth- 
er times in a moderate way and rather low. 
Sometimes he speaks plain and very impressive, 
at other times rather mised. Sometimes he 
u;es words in an unkuown hinguage; they are 
as follows: Velasjah, Matrolamab, M'ase-ah. 
Amish people here in part, along with some 
others, aay that he U a special means in the 
hands of Goii lo shuw the people "the right way 
of salvation." Some spiritualists say that "it 
is a message sent to convince the people that 
Spiritualism is right." Some say that he is a 
hypocrite, that "he is not unconscious," which 

expression, in my judgment, is quite too rash 
1 believe the man to be honest, and that he has 
no control of himself in reference to hii speak- 
ing in his nnconsciona state. Hia preaching 
consista principally in relating the e7ents ol 
the Bible, the fall of man. the flood, Abraham, 
Moaes, the journey of the children of Israel; and 
of Christ, hia birth, baptism, ministry, and 
frequently intersperses it with warm admoni- 
tion to sinners. He especially admonishes his 
Amiah brethren in reference to their divided 
state, saying that '"they cannot be saved nnless 
they become reconciled and live in peace, 

Although he says many good things, and, as 
a rule, gives an account of the historical events 
of the Bible, yet he makes somes mistakes. He 
spoke in reference to the great sin of redemp- 
tion, some time since, referring to the conduct 
of two of hia brothers who became dissatisfied 
with Amish doctrine, and were buried with 
Christ by baptism. His expression indicated 
that he considered it a great sin. He no doubt 
gave his convictions in reference to it, which 
convictions he undoubtedly had received from 
his instructors. On one occasion when he was 
preaching on baptism, he said that "there were 
some people in the worid that baptized in the 
houses, aud would not go into the water, and 
that they had no light from heaven" saying 
tliat we must be baptized in living water, the 
flowing stream, because Jesus was. He further 
said that "we must obey Jesus as he gave us 
the pattern, in tbe river of Jordan." He fur- 
ther said it makes no difference how we were 
baptized, whether by sprinkling or pouring, or 
under the water, that if we were not prepared 
to receive it, neither way would do any good, 
aud in conclusion he said, "If we were pre- 
pared for it that it would do in a dry country 
where there was no water." 

What a pity that the doctrines of men are 
so implauled into the minds of men that flat 
contradictions are so apparent in their endeav- 
ors to teach tbe ways of the Lord. I was an 
ear witness to the above statement. In a pri- 
vate interview with him when in bis conscious 
state, he said that he believed we should be bap- 
tized in water because Jesm was; but he 
ieemed to he in a difficulty relative to the Apos- 
tles baptizing in houses, and on my inquiry as 
to the source of his information he replied, that 
the ScriptLires taught so. I did not insist to 
the contrary, as I did not have my book with 
me, but I replied that we would look it up 
when we would get into the house. So after 
we were quietly seated in the house, in the 
presence of his wife aud others, he got the Bi- 
ble and requested me to read in reference to it. 
This I did gladly. First, by his request, I read 
the circumstance of Cornelius aud family. I 
read in English and he followed in the German, 
hut we did not find any house there. — 
We next looked at the baptism of Paul ('be 
having before told me that "the old order" of 
the Amish taught that the Lord bad sent Paul 
into tbe house to be baptized}, I read with care 
al't-er which be said, "It looks more as though 
the Lord had sent him out of tbe house to be 
baptized than the other way." At this point 
of our investigation, his wife beholding his 
frankness aud his anxiety to leahi the truth of 
the matter, interfered, strictly forbidding i 
proceed any further, saying that she kne' 
object. I, however, felt innocent and consoled 
myself with the thought that God remembers 
the innocent. He, then, regardless ofhis wife's 
restrictions, urged me to read more, saying 
tliat I had helped him to more light on tbe 
subject than be had received in all his life. I 
then told bim that I felt timid about reading 
further unless hia wife would withdraw her 
objections, but be urged it strongly, saying that 
if I had any light to give bim. and would wilh- 
hold it on account of man, I would not be the 
servant of God. Feeling much pressed in mv 
mind to do as he wished, I again requested her 
to witiidraw her objections, telling her that it 
was a serious matter, and that it was dangerous 
to binder the truth uftlie Gospel. She then 
withdrew her reatnctious and 1 read again.— 
We then examined tlie caie of the jailor and 
family, and wh^n he saw that the jailor waa out 
of hia house when he was baptized, be seemed 
somewhat amazrtd, saying ttiat he never knew 
that the Scriptures n^ad so before. He then 
said he would think more about it, and then he 
b?gan to get sleepy and soon was in his con- 
vulsive state. 

We tbtn went to supper and while we supped 
bis wife again forbid me to say anything more 
to him about it. She declared that my purpose 
was to get him on my side in order to have him 
to speak in my favor when he would become 
unconscious. what a pity that some people 
are so afraid of the truth! I went home thut Sii 
night with a sore heart, fearing that I bad not ) 
been as faithful in tbe discharge of my duty as 
the Gospel demands in reference to the case. — 

Act^ l:^: 10. Heiic* I desire to discharge my 
duty in leference to it as far as I can. and I 
pray God that it may find its way into the 
crevices where the "doctrine of men" haa found 
kdgment in honest hearts. Will the lovers of 
truth carry it over into Macedonia? The edi- 
tors are at liberty and are requested to do so, 
Lord, let thy truth live. 

Isaiah Horker. 

James Chrystal to C Hope. 

IN regard to the Tunkera I would say that I 
have among them friends whom I much 
esteem aa men, but their system is without any 
baptized or ordained man in it, aud they are 
guilty of manifest sacrilege in attempting to 
give what they have not received themselves 
that is baptism and ordination; and they cause, 
the loss of tens of thousands of poor infant 
souls, for they cause them to die without bap- 
tism, even when it may be had, and so are re- 
sponsible for their ruin. Indeed the great mass 
of their children, like that of other auti-pedo- 
baptists, grow up without regular habits of 
prayer aud devotion, for they are regarded as 
outsiders and perish uubaptized. Not all the 
whiwkey shops in the country do half the work 
as i? caused by such teachings, which nearly all 
the churches of the first 400 years would deem, 
if they would hear of them, as eatauic and hell- 
begotten as I also deem them. They fail to 
cultivate oven as much revereace as the very 
lieatheu do. Indeed it would be an_ insult to 
the heathen, whom I have seen, to say that 
they are ,so prayerless and insincere as such 
ihildren. Tens of thousands of them do not 
even know the Lord's prayer. for Christ's 
sake, my dear friend, cease your work of ruin in 
Denmark. Preach trine immersion if you i 
and against fprinkling and pouring, but not 
against putting children into God's covenant of 
mercy, which they cannot enter without bap- 
tism. But first become baptized and ordaintd 
yourself; pull the beam out of your own eye 
before you attempt to remove tho mote ont of 
your Lutheran brethren's eyes. I desire you 
for a co-laborer if you will obey the troth and 
will help yon iu every way in my power, only 
do get out of the system whfch is not a regular 
church because it has neither haptitm nor ordi- 
Shaky s Mills, Ohio, Any. 28, 187H. 

Danish Mission Report * 

Wooster Church, Ohio, ^qq 

John Wey bright 5 qq 

South Waterloo Church, Iowa 450 

R. S. & C. Wttlwick, Mich 6 00 

Codorus Church, Pa., vj50 

Big Grove Church, Iowa, •140 

Milt Greet, Va '/.'.'.^Z 

South Waterloo Church, Iowa, 4 50 

Isaac Henricka, Virden, II!., 1 yy 

Simon Harshman, Ohio, 2 oo 

0. P. Rowland, Trensutor. 
Lanark, III., J,„i. -JOth, IStiO. 
(P. C, please i^opij.) 

From Berlin, Pa, 

Dfttr Brethren: — 

THE Berlin congregation has beeu rather 
prosperous during trlie last year. Above 
fifty members have been added to the church 
during the last niae months. Brother Beer 

d I held a series of meetings in the Kimmel 
meeting-house over the holidays, and seven 
were added, among them an old lady, a daugh- 
ter and two grand daughtert— three generations. 
We had a large congregation and excellent 
attention. We will commence another meet- 
ing on the 27tli at the Grove meeting bouse. 
near Berlin, to continue several weeks. Min- 
istering brethren from abroad are invited to 
come and help us. 

Diptheria still prevails in this country to an 
alarming exient. Other diseases are also 
among us and fiud occasional victims. It is 
well lo be prepared for deatb. It enables us to 
enjoy life while we have health. 



lirother Eshelinan: 

YOUR article on the anointing of the aick 
wherein you speA of the quality of the 
oil, IS very good, but yon say nothing about tbo 

quantity to be used, I have been present sev- 
eral times when tbe sick were anointed, and 
some would linger perhaps a few weeks and 
then die, and others linger for years and not 
get well, aud yet the promise is the Lord will 
raise them up. Now after I have thought over 
this matter, surely tbe fault is with ns if the 
sick are not healed; it might be the lack of 
faith, for the word says, "the prayer of taith 
shall save them." I have sometimes tbongbt 
that there was not enough oil used in anoin- 
ting the sick. It is true wo have not the 
word bow much oil to use, but we have the 
example how much they did use, Mary took a 
pound when she anointed Jesus; Samuel took 
a horn full when he anointed David; Elisha 
took a box full whui he anointed Jahu. The 
anointing of Aaron, which was poured upon 
his bead and ran down over his beard, which 
went down to the skirta ofhis garment:., and 
last, but not least, is the confession of those 
fanltb one to tho other, which I think belongs 
to tho anointing; for we read it just in tha fol- 
lowing ver^^e, to confess our faults one to the 
other that 'ye maybe healed." I once spoke 
to a brother about it; he said he would be 
afraid to nsk them to confess their faults; it 
might ollcnd them. They need not fear if done 
the right way. Tbe right way lo do is to 
read it, aud then pave tbe way for your sick 
brother by confefsing your own fault first. 

^, ,. ,,, Leah Ckumoe. 

SlcrlDii/. III. 

From California. 

LEFT my home in Oakland, Dec. 11th, and 
in company with my son went to Lathrop, 
and from there brother J. P. Wolfe conveyed 
us thirty-six miles to the place of (meeting in 
Calavaras county, where we wern received with 
much kindness by the brethren and friends. 

Our mfeting began on the 13th and contin- 
ued unlil Monday evening the '29th. Bro. J. 
P. Wolfe labored with us one week, and 
son remained aud labored with me until the 
close of the meeting. Five were added to the 
church by hapti^ni. Two of the young breth- 
ren were called to the ministry, also two to tbe 
oflice of deacon. Tbey are well qualified to fill 
the places in tbe church. We held a very or- 
derly communion and it was a time of rejoicing 
indeed. Oo our return we visited our beloved 
Elder G. Wolfe- Reached borne on tbe even 
of Dec. 3Ut, and found all well. The Lord 
he praised for his goodness. J. Myers. 

Danish Poor Fund. 


hman, Ohio ftl.OO 

C. P. Rowland, Treasurer. 
Lanark, III., Jan. 20th. ISSO 
P. C. Please Copy. 


Please announce that the brethren and sisters 
of the Lost Creek Church, Juniata Co , Pa,, 
purpose holding a saries of meetings at the 
Free Spring meeting-house, commencing 
January 24th. Any coming will be met at the 
station by dropping us a card a few days pre- 
vious. Joex ZooK, 

Mijflinloum, Pa -Blj- Hi. 

Please announce that the District Meeting 
for the Middle District of Indiana, will be held, 
if the Lord will, with Ihe brethren of tbe " 
Ogans Creek Church on Wednesday the 11th 
of February, to commence at 9 o'clock A. M. 
Especially are the churches all requested to be 
represented by delegates. Also the Suuday- 
achool Convention at same place, on the 10th 
of February, at 10 A. M. Also the Mis,sionarv 
meeting to be held with the brethren of the 
Squirrel Creek District, the 9th of Feb. at 10 
A. M. Roann is the railroad station. By order 
of the Church. J. AiircK. 

tMMifta %% Wmku 

Intsd onkir ror 

I. ZiiUiuii 

-■-- •■»'• 

*%'•><■) UO. 

«vor; ioeallly. Simpla tofj tent Ue^ on ip 

. Moore, Lanark, Carroll Co., 111. 



□TIlLlfl «XUp1?d, Ai 

WIST Bomnt. 
Sf^^P"" aJWP.B. 

Nlghl ti^trm 1-MA.ll. 

4«..mino.i.UBB lftOSA.ll, 

EAffT BOimn. 

DiT Eipr(« 12UF.U. 

NlgblEipn. a«A.M. 

AccumoiocUUoo HISP.U. 

Tirkrli«f ■aldroraboTitnliuaiilj Puuier Inlru nuke dtiM 
ocnOMllDo Bt WsIsiD Hntoo JoneUnn. 0. * (UTITir. dcnni 

PaasenEers for Chicago ahould leave Lanark at 
12:13 I'.il.;run to the Weatem Union .TuDction; 
liere they need wait but live minutes for the Clii- 
cago, Milwaukee and St. I'aul passenger train, and 
thus reach Chicago at 7 ^15 tbe same evening. To 
reacli Lanark from Chicago; go to Ft. Wayne de- 
pot, tjikB the Chicago, Jlilwaukee and St. Pau) 
train at live in the evening; run Xorth to tlieW. 
U. Junction, change cars for Lanark, and arriv 
here at 1 :57 in the morning. 

The Brethren At Work. 

^^Veclare Ye Anunuj the Nations, and JPublish, and set up a Standard; Publish, and Concea! Nut " 

jki:>;miah 50 2. 

Vol. V. 

Lanark, 111., January 27, 1880. 

No. 4 




B,T. Bccraiui. Dunkirk, Oblii. D. U. MeDlwr.WnjnMhoro, P» 

B.OnjKD, NurUrmr, Bo, J. a. Flotj, Lour 

O.T«.let.UuMorrij,lll, John M'U«nr, Cr>n 

1. MoblM, Cornrlln, Mo. Jm, B«n.|rtek«. " 

n.WU^ SlolLirrj-Oraid, III, D. Biowtr. 8»1ti 


Fir-ST I'AGE—i. Doctor of Divinity oil the Inter- 

nntlonal Lesson. 
Second Page— Will inRly Work for Ihe Maat«r.— 

Win. Lyon; Stein nml Hay Debate. 

TuiBD Paoe— A Polylieaded Monster.— C. H. Bals- 

bnugli; Tlie FnuUleas Oncs.-Maltie A. Lear; Mis- 
aiiinavy Work,— John. Forney; Scraps.— D. C. 

KODBTH Paob— Editoiu A Ls— Purgatory or Rora- 
iahCorruiition; A Petition; Notico to Breth- 
ren who Expect to Attend the Next Annual 
Conference; IJistory of the Cliurcli; The Li- 
brnryof Unlversftl Knowledge.— Daniel Vani- 

Fifth Page— Editorials— An Open Letter to 
Elder John Hurs-ey; TheStein and Hay Diacua- 

Sixth Page— The Evening Story ; The Good Home ; 
Humility.— Florence Kelao; Clean Hnuda; Chii- 
dron's EtitiueUe. From Palestine.— J. W. ilc- 

Sbventu Page— From Chaleaton, W. \'ii-— A. 
H;iW9, From Washington Tenitory.— O. W. 
Hartness; From Loche, liid.— ,1. K.W. From 
Nortl I Solomon's Clmrch, Kan.— Daiiiol Shook; 
To the Brethren of the Tliornaiiple Congregation 
Micliig HI.— Simon A.Heckman; Xot Liviug up 
To Gospel; from Snmmer.Kau,- Wm. R. Rowell 

Ekihtii P.Mii;.— From West Pine, Wis.- .1- E.D. 
Short; From Winlield, Kun.— John Eastoii; A 
Solem 1 Caution.— B. F. Moomaw; From Elk- 
hart, Ind.— D. M. I'litorbaugh; A i.a*e Disfov- 
ery.— Thui'aton Miller. 


[Wc cM\> tlie following by .loliii E. Todd, D. 
D. published in the Ertit/ioua Iferahl, one ot 
the leading: Congregational ohurcli papers in 
this country.) 

THE ueiessity of going over certain portions 
of the Scriptures, within a certain time, in 
ord-r to carry out the scheme, leads to the mat 
ing of sftiectiouB which are vary widely separat- 
ed frum one another, in the periods to which 
they relate, or in the train of thought of which 
they are piirt''. Thosa who have had any 
perience in making commentaries upon these 
lessons know how difficult it often is to connect 
one lesson with another by auy brief explana- 
tion. If the selection is made from history, it 
is perhaps separated from the selection imme- 
diately precediug or following by an interval of 
a hundred years; if it is a selection from a proph- 
ecy, a discourae. or an epistle, the gulf between 
it and the preceding or following lesson is still 
more impassable. Willi the best possible se- 
lections under the present system, and with the 
most faithful study, and with the best helps, and 
under the best teachers, the scholar can obtain 
only a fragmentary and disjointed knowledge 
of the Scriptures; and with anything less than 
this, no connected idea of the Scriptures what 
ever is possible. Where a single lesson covers 
a century of history, or an important argument, 
the loss of ft )*ingle lesson breaks the continuity 

The necessity of taking up every Sunday the 
lessou appointed for the day makes it impossi- 
ble for any class to linger upon any portion of 
Scripture. If the le<&ou is one of specuil inter- 
est, or the teacher is one of special ability, a class 
will often become deeply absorbed, and will 
make but Uttle progress. But it cannot resume 
the SAUie lesson at the ssme point the next Sun- 
daj . U must begin another lesson. Under the 
preseut system many classes under the best 

teachers rarely make much progress in any les- 
son; they stop on tbe threshold of each one. 
They have not time to go further. The same 
difficulty is experienced in a less degree by moat 
classes. It is common for a class to get inter- 
ested in the lesson just at the time '.he clos- 
ing of the school arrives; but no advantage of 
this interest can be taken on the following Sun- 
day; for a new lesson, in which it will take an- 
other half hour to get interested, is to be taken 
up. This objection to the presentsystem is felt 
.seriously that many Bible cla.sses and adult 
classes, exercising a tittle independence of tbe 
schools with which they are connected, decline 
to use the International system. 

The atti'mpt to make ad schools and all class- 
es study the same lesson creates still more seri 
ou9 difficulties. 

It leads naturally to the selection or such pas- 
wagea of Scripture as do not involve, to any 
great extent, questions of Christian doctrine or 
practice on which Christian sects are divided. 
The system, being intersectariau as well as in- 
ternational,niU3tseek to promote harmony rath- 
er than dissension. On some accounts this is 
desirable; on others it is unfortunate. 

A more serious difficulty is experienced in 
making such seleclions as are suitable for schol- 
ars of all ages and degrees of intelligence. The 
more difficult portions of Scriptures, such as 
may be profitable to the mure advanced schol- 
ars, are uninteltigibleio the beginners; the nar- 
ratives which are within the compreli-nisiou of 
thi' younger scholars, do not furnish all that 
adult students and experienced Christians netd. 
To confine adult classes to the stories of Genesis 
or Samuel, or even the three synoptic Gospels, 
is to keep them in ignorance of the teachings 
of Christian experience in the Psalms, and ot 
Christian doctrine in the Epistles, which they 
ought to know. To make selections from these 
is to give the younger scholars lessons which are 
altogether beyond their depth The Interna- 
tional Series has endeavored to escape this diffi- 
culty by appointing selections of great variety 
so that there should be something among them 
suitable for all. It is the only coui^se to pursue; 
but even with the greatest care and best judg- 
ment, it is imposaible to avoid trouble. The 
most diflicult posssges of Scripture are regular- 
ly avoided; and on the other hand, many a Sun- 
day has brought a lesson which to most children 
has been utterly unintelligible and unprofitable. 
What children of twelve or thriteen years ot 
age, which is perhaps the average age of Sun- 
day School scholars, have been able to do with 
some of the lessons trom Ezekiel, Hosea, Zech- 
ariah, the Epistles, aud the Gospel according to 
John, which have come to them in the Inter- 
national series is past all nuderstaudiug. For 
one, I regard the whole theory that an entire 
school can study the same lessen protitab y, as 
utterly preposterous and absurd. 

Another objection to the International sys- 
tem is found in that which has already been 
reckontd as oue of its advantages, namely, the 
abuudauct of helps to the study of the lessons 
which are secured by it. These he. pa are so 
numerous, and are furnished in such forms, that 
both teachers and scholars rely too much upon 
them- In very many cases the teacher does not 
look at the lesson till he meets the class, or at 
best looks hastily over one of these helps beforf? 
going into the class; while in the vast majority 
if cases, it is feared, the scholars do not look at 
the lesson at all. The lesson-paper, or some 
juch help is relied on as sufficient. 

To these objections may be added a minor 
e, that under the present system the whole 
Sunday School world is at the mercy of the 
Committee who make the selections. It these do- 
not perforsi theirduty well, there is no help for 
it. - • * 

Passages of Scripture have been appointed for 

the study of the children of the civilized world 

ich are wholly unsuitable, which even the 

learned do not pretend to understand; selection^ 

have been made without any reference to, and 
often apparently in ignorance of. the real divis- 
ions of paragraphs and subjects; lessons have 
been appointed entirely out of their proper chro- 
nological order; lessons have been selected, not 
so much for their general teaching as for the 
sake of some catch-word, or popular phrase, 
which occurs in them; and in some instances 
this catch-word is well known to scholars who 
know anything to b^ a mistranslation, making 
tbe use of it a dishonesty, except for the excuse 
of ignorance; some of the lessons selected have 
consisted eachof a simple narrative about which 
there is little to, be said; others have been crowd- 
ed with matter enough for the study of a dozen 
Sundays, The rule seems to have been to have 
just about so many verses, whether they are in 
Genesis or in Romans. The teachers and es- 
pecially commentators can appreciate these 
criticisms. • ■ * 

The Bible cannot be well taught or studied as 
a scrap-book. It is less important that the Bi- 
ble should be nominally studied through lu a 
given uumber ot years, than that there should 
be imparted a connected and intelligent under- 
Bt,mdiug of 80 muc J of it as is studied. 

It is riuite absurd to Hxpect little children to 
study the present International series of lessons 
advantiigeously. Probably there should also be 
a separate aud special nrovision for adult classes. 
I have already expressed the opinion that it is 
absurd to make this, or any series of lessons 
Procrustean b(;d to the muasurd of which every 
child, however small, must he stretched, and ev- 
ery adult, however mature, must be shrunk. I 
am of the opinion that no less than three difh 
ent series are needed to meet the wants id our 
Sunday Schools; i.nd I do. not think that the 
want is, or can be, met by graded books or pa. 
pers on the same It^ssons; it is desirable that 
there should be difi'erent lesiono, and methcds 
of study and instruction. H-jw absurd 
should consider it, if all scholars in our secular 
schools and'seminaries, from the kindergarten 
up to the university, were taught - out ot thi 
same teit-book, the only difference being in thi 
'luvstion books. Scholars of different ages am 
difiVreut abilities require different studies, and 
different books on tbe same study, as well a 
dilierent questions about the same books. Ou' 
set of scholars can study Genesis profitably, but 
not Zechariah; auother is competent to study 
Itomaus, and should not be confined to the gos- 
pel narratives. 

Criticisms in this direction, having in view 
better methods of biblical instrnction in our 
Sunday Schools, ivould lead me a good deal fur- 
ther than a good many would be willing to fol- 
low me, and farther than lam myssif willing to 
go. I can only indicnte the general direction 
in which my thoughts flow when I begin to 
thiuk about Sunday schools, at the same time 
thing to be understood as distinctly and em- 
phatically denying that ray thoughts on this 
subject have settled and aolidlied into any fixed 

I have an idea, then, that what are called 
black-board exercises are-for the most part im- 
pertinent humbuggery — the inane results of an 
attempt to apply to biblical instruction tbe pe- 
culiar jugglery of a conundruni and enigma- 
maker, combined with the art of sign-painting. 
I have an idea that Sunday School instruction 
will not he worth much till we have a higher 
order of teachers, men and women of age and 
experience, and perhaps training in normal 
clttS3es,insteadof young men and women whose 
own knowledge of the Bible is scanty, and whose 
still in teaching is still scantier, I have an 
idea that biblical instruction in Sunday Schools 
will not be worth much, until the schools them- 
selves are reorganized oii different principles — 
until attendance and study are made obligator}', 
and a stern discipline weeds out the unruly and 
the indolent, — until children and therr parents 
are made to feel that iih b privilege to be per- 
mitted to attend the Snnday School, a priviltge 

for which those who are able should be made to 
pay, rather than a favor to the superintendent 
and teachers, which is to be recompensfd by 
picnics and entertainments —until our schools 
are properiy supplied with map", picture.-, li- 
braries of reference, and all the needed appli- 
ances for proper instruction, —until it is regard- 
ed as less important that a school should be 
large, than that it should contain uiiildreh who 
know something about the Bible and about re- 
ligious truth— in a word until Sunday Schools 
are conducted more like secular schools; for im- 
perfect us our public school system is, and ut- 
terly and inetfably inefficient aa most of our pri- 
vate schools are, yet any school which should 
impart instruction on secular subjects in the 
way in which our Sunday Schools are eng„ged 
111 giving instruction on religious sui-j-cts. 
would become the laughing stock of the coun- 

I will offer two or three suggestions with n-t- 
L-rence to improvements which might bo made 
in our Sunday School instruction, even with our 
liresent defective system of organization. 

It is desirable that Snnday School instruction 
should be something more than explnnntory. 
A memberof a Bible-class recently complained 
to me that his class consumed most of iheir 
time in discussing such questions aa wh-ther 
Pharaoh's chariot wheels were red or black. 
There is too often occasion for the satire. There 
are in these day.i innumerable works upon the 
points ofgeograiiby, history, biography. science, 
customs, aud iucidents mentioned or alluded to 
in tre Scripture*, aud some portions of the Bi- 
ble are crowded with references which require, 
or at lea.4 furnish occasion for such explana- 
tions and illustrations; and there are a great 
many minds that are specially captivated by 
this kind of learning; but interesting and val- 
uable as all this may be, is not the most impor- 
tant kind of knowledge about the Bible. The 
man who devotes himsjf to these things to the 
neglect of the divine truths of which they are 
the mere vehicle or ornament, iu like one who 
spends his -time in apeliin:: out the marks on 
old china, or in discerning the iliusions in its 
decorations, inateiid of feeding upon the viands 
which it contains. That is no proper "oiblical 
instruction which does not take most account 
of tfip great moral and spiritual truths of the 
Bible, and leave deciphering tbe ornameutatione 
of the scabbard to wield the sword, " '''' 

Bible instruction is very much the same in 
its nature and methods, in the Sunday Sohopl 
the Bible class, and the family. I wish, how- 
ever before closing, to say a few words respect- 
ing biblical instructions and its methods intfia 

My impression is, that there i.s not nearly 
LOugh of this kind of instruction given from 
the pulpit. Tne truth is, if we preachers could 
only realize it, that our individual opinions and 
ideas are of very little value, and are received I^y 
our hearers as of very little consequence. The 
great question, after all, with reference' to any 
theme that is treated in the pulpit is. What 
does the Bible say about it? The power of the 
apostles lay very much in the use which they 
madeof theScriptnr*s. If Apolloswas mighty 
it was in tire Scri;ifi!rc3. We do not in these 
days hear, or practice, too much of this kind of 
preaching. Ministers are very apt to take a 
text to start from, because custom reijuires them 
to do so, and then to wander off" for half an honr 
or more, evolving ideas from their own con- 
sciousness, anil scintillating with rhetorical py^ 
rotechnics, but even if they ever come bdcli io- 
their te\t-making little or no reference U) tbe 
other Scriptures, and consequently never com- 
ing down to good firm standing ground. Pleach- 
ing is, I take it, after all, only the proclaiming 
iif God's Word; if it is not that, it i? not 
-vorth the name. The preacher has power on- 
(y so far as he can say. Thus saith the Lord, 
dod consequently, as he can bring the Bible to 
his support. 


Ju- 47 

Hom^ anil •^amllg. 

Huab.inds, love your wlvea. Wives, eubmit your- 
•elvea Linti> your own liusbands. Children, obey 
your pari^ntfl. Kathere, provokenot your children to 
wrath, but brinK them up in the nurture and ad- 
monithjn cf tlin Lord, ^-ersanta, be obedient to 
Uem thiit ;ire your masters.— Pa rt. 


'See, wp are not sleepy, mother ; 

Look how wl<l>* awnke wo seem ; 
Tell UM something itweet to think of, 

Tell us. something sweet to dreiim. 
"Tell the very sweetest story 

That,you ever heai'd or read, 
Ant] you'll see that we remember 

Every single word you've said." 
Then I told them of a. midnight 

In the very long ago. 
When the sky was full of angels, 

And from every shining row, 
In a voice of heavenly must''. 

Came a loving message, given 
For the sake of <Jne sweet baby 

That had come that night from heaven. 
"Now please tell us just another, 

Tell the sadde.tuiic you know;" 
And I told of One ivhQ sufFered, 

And who Wiindered to and Iro, 
Doing goad to all around Him, 

WJ hout sin. or fear, or pride; 
BleisJDg those who most ill-used Him, 

For whose sake at last He died. 
"Now, please, just one more, dear mother, 

Tell us now the strangest one;" 
So I told them of a j lurney 

On a mountain top begun; 
Through the azure in a body. 

lust as here on earth 11 ■ trod, 
Up through shining ranks of angels. 

To the very throne of Godl 
Four blue eyes and two sweet voices 

Waited till my tale was done- 
Then they cried, "Why that was Jesus I 

These three stories are hut one I" 

—Little Sower. 


[The folIowiH?extirtct from a private letter to 
one oC the editors, contains so much food for the 
soul thai we give it to oiir readers, Eds,] 

HOME, I tliiuk, is as near heaven upon 
earl li 119 we can get, aud lie who cares 
nothing for his home upon earth has but little 
heaT>-n lierp, 

"Home's not merely four siiuare walls, ' 

Though with pictures hung and gilded ; 
Home IB where aflection calls. — 
Filled with shrines the heart hath buildedl 

Homo's'not merely roof and room.— 

It needs something to endear it ; 
Home is wh-re the henrt can bloom, 

Where there's some kind lip v- theer it! 

TVliat is home with none to meet us, 
None to welcome, none to greet us? 

Home is sweet, and only swee — 
Where aro those we luve to njeet^ua." 
Love, tlieu, is the prevailing Oiristian grace 
that makes home a heaven tor ue while labor- 
ing here upon earth. 0, that mystic union 
formed in lie ntfections of a kind family! How 
it hinds their hearts in one! Hushaiid and wife, 
parents and children, father and mother, broth- 
8s and sister, — all bound tpgetlier with affec- 
tion's chain; not one niist^iug link, all true to 
their trust,~endeartd to each other with that 
afi'ectionate tenderness that even grows itron- 
ger when death parts us here, reaching Jar 
above the starry world binding together those 
above aod those helow with the fond hope of a 
reunion with God where ail is lovfe. Who 
would not labor for the promotion of the en- 
dearing worth of domestic love and kindness? 
Could we but have more of this home tender- 
ness, then would we have hoys and girls of 
better culture, young men and ladies of 
greater accompli shnionta, society of better 
refinement, churches of sublimer religious sen- 
timent and tru'^ devotion, nations more peace- 
ful and the world at large would be better and 
more free from the curse of sin. Oh could but 
every family on earth commence this much 
needed reform. While true love reigns supreme- 
ly in but few families, it should sway its scep- 
ter upon the throue of every tent and doniicil 
of earth. Sin and satan would iheu have no 
dominion there, without the "get thee hence," 
from the inmates at home. I am glad to know 
that at least among ^ouie humble families of 
earth more atteutiou is given to home culture 
'and special development of the young. Making 
a specially of neither of their natun-s but of 
all, their physical, mental and moral that per- 
fect devetoprnt-nts may be made. The press is 
making some advances in the science ofyoutii 
culture, but in -io many instances where good 
is intended by their endeavors, evil follows from 
the loo3eness of morals and light, trashy liter- 

ature ihat 1^ scattered broad ia->t over the world. 
We neci a relorm in this, and I am pleased to 
know that oor brethren are turning their at- 
tention to this matter and that both from the 
pres9 and pulpit the attention is direcled to the 
young, upoQ which the future destiny of the 
Church and the nation depends. 9. T. B. 



"For whosoever exalteth himself shall be a^iised. 
and he that humbleth himself rihall be exalted,"— 
Luke 1-1 : 11. 

EXALTATION is elevation, extension of 
pride, or possessing a dignified appear- 
ance; while humility is the opposite; — lowli- 
ness, modesty, yielding submissively to God's 
commands. There is something in humility 
that appeals to the sympathies and wins the 
gratitude of mankind. "God resisteth the proud, 
but giveth grace to the humble." Christ's 
liumble workers unconsciously bless the world. 
More than once iu the Scriptures the lives oj 
God's people in this world are Compared, in 
their iufluenence, to the dew; especially note 
worthy is thr quiet manner in which the dew 
performs its ministry. It falls silently and im- 
psrceplibiy. It covers the leaves mth clusteis 
of pearls, and iu the morning there is a fresh 
beauty everywhere. The fields look greener, 
the gardens are refreshed, the flowers are more 
fragrant, and all life glows and sparkles with a 
new splendor. And is there no lesson here 
to the manner in which we should seek to do 
good in this world? 'By the power of humility 
should we not strive to have our ioflueuceyV// 
rather than seen? The whole spirit of the Gos- 
pel teaches this. Who is it that shall in no 
wise lose his reward? "He that giveth a cup of 
cold water in my name," said Christ, thereby 
encouraging the humblest effort. The blessing 
of the widow's two mites has throbbed in the 
hearts of thousands who otherwise had not 
known the bliss of giving. To the co-workers 
of the Lord I will say, we are ouly at the outer 
gate of a great wor's. One cannot do all; ten, 
nor thousands cannot; but each may do a little, 
and the opportunities are as numerous as the 
trickling drops from heaven. Let us work for 
the right and at last we may be permitted to 
dwell where the "Esperito Saucto"* grows, and 
walk the golden streets of the New Jerusalem 
• Flower of the Holy Gliost. 


WHEN I was about six years old, a gentle- 
man, who liad called on my father Id 
transact some busiutss, perceived that my 
hands were dirty, and those of my brother li'red 
in the same condition. "My hoys." said he, "I 
hate dirty fineera. Now if yours are clean 
when I call here again next Tuesday, I will 
make you a present." 

As soon as it was light on the Tuesday morn- 
ing, my brother and I got up, and began to 
wash our bauds. We used more soap that 
morning than we had used for a month before; 
and if ever our hands were clean, they certainly 
were then. The geutieman did not come till 
dinner, ao we thought it better to have another 
scrubbing at our hands, and once more we were 
up to our elbows iu soap-auds. The gentleman 
c^me, and after exaininiug our hands, which 
had not a speck on them, he gave each of us 
five new, bright, sparkling pieces, which we 
took to be golden guineas, and we fauc ed our- 
selves to be as rich as Jews. 

"Now, my boys," .said he "yon see it 
Bible to keep your bands clean whi 
your purpose to do so. I should be a^humfd of 
a boy who would be mean enough to wash his 
handb to make money, and not keep them clean 
to maku his parents and friends comfortable. — 
The love and good opinion of your parents and 
friends are worth all the money iu the world. 

s pos- 


UciE no slang words. 
Never put your feet on cushions, chairs 

Always offer your seat to a lady or an old 

Rap before enteriug a room, and never leave 
it with your back to the company. 

Never overlook any one when reading or 
writing, nor read nor talk aloud while others 
are reading. 

Alwayssay, "Yes sir," "No sir," "Yes, papa," 
"No, papa," "Thank you," "Good-night," 

Clean faces, clean tinger-iiails indicate good 

Never leave your clothes about the room.— 
Have a place for everything, and everything in 
its place. 


Drowned and Rescued. 

(rrgm th*-CliriitluSludud''bT f[nUl AmogtmHiL) 

FROM Tyre, wliiih we had reached at the 
cloi-e of my last comyiuuication, we con- 
tinued our Journey up the Phomician coast as 
far.asSidon. The distance between these two 
famous cities is about twenty-four miles, and 
midway between them are the scattered heaps 
of building stones wbich mark the site of the 
ancient city of Zarei>eth, where lived the wid- 
ow who was entrusted with the life of Klijah. 
The city stood on the sea-shore at the edge ot 
a narrow plain, which is terminated, inland, by 
precipitous and lofty hills. 

On our way from this place to Sidon, an in- 
cident occurred, of which I was not willing 
that my family should be informed until my 
safe arrival at home, lest they should be tor- 
mented with needless anxiety. The details 
were carefully written out while they were 
fresh in memory, and I here reproduce them 
for the cDusideratiun of all who attach any 
value to my life. 

Ou Saturday afternoon, June 14th, as v,e 
drew near to Sidon, aod were about to close 
long and iiot day's ride, we stopped on the 
beach, about two miles south of the city, to 
refresh ourselves with a sea bath. The waves 
were rolling in with a innjestic swell, and as 
we met them, and bounded o'er them, we were 
filled with boyish glee. In a short time we be^ 
gan to meet them awimmiug; and finding this 
more exhilarating, we continued it until oi 
limbs began to grow weary. Touching thei 
for the bottom, we found that we had uucoi 
sciously Bwum, or had been drifted, beyond our 
depth. Almost simultaneously we turned and 
swam for the shallow water. After making a 
few strokes iu that direction, I saw that we 
drifted backward almost as fast as we swam 
forward, and that if we had far to go buck we 
were in imminent peril. I'"eariug that Frank, 
who is a daring swimmer, did not realize the 
danger, I called out to him, "We shall hardly 
got out cf this." I then exerted my utn 
strength for a few moments, when beini; much 
fatigued, and turning ou my back to rest, I ; 
that 1 was twenty or thirty yards in advance of 
Frank and Brother Earl, who were now close 
together. I also discovered that I was drifDinj 
from them to the northward, in a line parallel 
with the shore. I turned on my face again 
and renewed the struggle, feeling for the bol. 
torn frequently, and hoping to touch it every 
moment. My strength was fast failing, and I 
knew that it could not last long. Escape ap- 
peared almost impossible, and the conviction 
seized me with paralyzing efl'ect, that Frank 
and Brother Earl, who were so far behind me, 
must certainly perish. By this time. Brother 
Taylor, who had turned back sooner than we, 
was walking through the shallow water near 
the shore, entirely unconscience of our danger. 
I called tj him for help, though I knew not 
what help he could give. I also called earnest- 
ly on God to deliver me. I was continuing the 
struggle, almost in despair, when suddenly 
Brother Taylor swam close before me gave me 
his left hand, spoke some word of encourage- 
ment, and tried to help me along. But having 
between us only two bunds with which to so 
1 soon saw that we made no progress. I 
knew that if heremjined with me he would 
soon be in the same danger with myself, so I 
said to him, "Leave me, and save yourself ; you 
can not save me." With that I let gj hie 
hand, and he swam away. 

At this moment the thrilling question arose 
in my mind. Shall my life, my labors, and 
present expedition end here, and in this man- 
ner? The thought was awfully repugnant to 
me, and it gave me a fresh impuUe, But ii 
was in vain. My muscles were aching, my 
joints were growing stiff, my strength was ex- 
hausted. I again turned on my back, giving 
up all thought of getting nearer to the shore, 
but di-terniined to float as long as possible. I 
wai able for a few moments longer to keep my 
mouth above water, but soon I swam so low 
that the crest of every wave broke over iliy 
face, filling ej'es, nostrils and mouth with tlir 
-alt water, and threatening to strangle me. Ai 
la^t my handu and my feet both refu^fd t 
make another stroke. I folded my aching arm.' 
across my breast, offered th-- prayer, "0 God. 
bless my family; sustain ihem nmer this blow, 
and take me to heaven;" and then sank beneath 
the waves. 

As I went down, I was conscious of being 
turned upon my face. My mouth was invul- 
untarily opened, and I lelt the salt water fiii- 
ing it ^^n I iorcing ;ts way jdIo my stomach. My 
chest and my heai felt as if they were being 

rushtd under a great weight, tuid my limbs 
vere aciiuig a,t if they werecniniped. 1 Ihnught 
of what t had often read concerning the ease 
itf a death by drowning, and the contrast was 
awful. But I knew that my torture could not 
last long, and I watched and waited for the ex- 
perience of leaving the body. 

The nest sensation that I remember, was 
that ot the hot sua shining in my face. I 
opened my eyes, and saw that 1 was again at 
the surface, and floating on my back. I felt a 
momentary relief, and I asked myself, "Is this 
a reality, or is it only a horrible dream?" 1 
then stuik into total unconsciousness. How 
long I remained in this condition lean not tell; 
but I wan partially aroused from it by feeling 
myself astride the naked back of a horse, and 
by hearing Brother Eari's fuiiiiliar voice at my 
side. I next realized that I was being borne 
by the horse toward the shore; that I wai reel- 
ing in my seat; and that I was kept from fall- 
ing by a strong baud with a tight grasp ou my 
lelt arm. I knew when they took me down 
from the horse, aad held lue upright with my 
.head on the ground, and pressed my sidi'S to 
force out the water which I imd swallowed; and 
I felt the water flowing from luy mouth, They 
laid me down, and I soon threw up the reuiain- 
iug contents of my stomach. 1 then opened 
my eyes and saw tLo face of a strange Arab, 
who WBS holding two umbraellas to sliield me 
Irom the sun. I saw that I was lying on a 
thick rug which our servant carried as a cloth 
for our lunch, uud that my head was resting on 
somekind of pillow: then my eyes involunta- 
rily closed again. Brother Ifiari naked mo if I 
was consciouB, and 1 said, "Yes," I neard him 
say, "Be quiet, Frank, he will soon be all right 
now;" and I asked, "Where is Frank'?" Ue 
answered, "Here he is, all right. "I said, "Then 
we are out of that water." 

The manner of my marvelous rescue related 
to me afterward, was as follows: When Broth- 
er Taylor lelt mo, be swam to the shore, mounts 
ed his horse, and endeiivosed to ride to me; hut 
his horse ivas afraid of the water, and it was 
with the greatest dilliculty that he could force 
liiui slowly aloug. In the meantime. Brother 
Earl and Frank had tiftcted their escape. 
Frank calif or nelp about he suim? im 
that I did, and LJro. Earl, who was elos>; to him, 
gave him an occnsioual push to help him along. 
While helping Frank, he saw Brother Taylor go 
to ine and le^ve me; then his heart sank at the 
thought that I must be lost, and ho felt his 
otrength giving way. No longer able to help 
["■rank, he made a desperate effort to save him- 
self, and a few strokts brought him to where 
he could touch bottom. The Bhollow water ex- 
tended farther out whore ho wav, than m the 
place to which I had drifted. He now made a 
reach for Frank, who was by this time swim- 
ming very low and drew him to the same spot. 
flien they hurried usliore; hut Frank was so ex- 
hausted that be fell in tho edge of the water. 
Brother Earl dragged bini out on the sand and 
left him, ran to his horse, threw off the saddle, 
mounted him, and rode iu after me. His horse 
went in willingly, so he passed Brother Taylor, 
and reachtd me first. When he was almoit In 
reach of me a Iart(e wave broke over him aad 
w.ished him off his horde; but he swung around 
hetore the horde's head, and obtained a firm 
looting on the bottom. The same wave wish- 
ed nie within his reach. He found me floating 
on my back with my arms still folded across 
my breast, and Brother Taylor says that I ex- 
claimed, "Will nobody save me?" I suppose 
that I had sunk and risen the seeond time, 
Ijrotber Earl sieitd nie by the arm, and by 
some meani, he says he knows not how, he got 
me on the horse. I suppose tire swell of the 
uext wave o-ssisted him. He told me to hold 
fust to tlie ht>rs(.''.>- mani", wbich he says I did 
wiih both hands; but I did it uucon^ciously. 
He held me on. Brother Taylor led the horse, 
Kid thus wntj I taken ashore. It seems thai I 
had drifted first into deeper and then into shal- 
lower water; and 1 wasin the latter when they 
reached me, otherwise thpy could not have 
reached me at all. 

When we first dismounted for the purpose 
of bathing, Assad, our dragoman, rode forward 
to the camp, which wa.^ alreiidy pitched near 
the gate of Sidon, leaving the Syrian servant, 
Solomon, to hold our horses. Solomon always 
att<-nded us in our rides, luountid on a pack- 
norse and carrying our lunch and drinking- 
wattr Ho understands but a few words of 
English, and consequently lie did not at first 
uompreiieud our danger. But when he saw 
Brother E.irl come out with Frank, and saw 
mm and Brother Taylor rushing in on horse- 
iiat'k after me, be took in the entire situation, 
and at once btcame frantic, flejerkidolf his 
kufeich and tossed it into the air, and ran op 
and down the beach, screaming and tos-jing his. 
arms. His outcries brought to the spot 



Braljs— two men and a woman — who were 
wurkiDg in a garden nearby. 

One 'if the men ut lii« bidding, mounted my 
faor«e, Hud went at full Bpeed to the camp to 
t«]l A^tiad wbut hud happened. On arrivini;, 
hecri'-'d 'Jilt to Assad, "Oue of your eentlenien 
hoHHUub." AsMad immediately remounted liis 
hoFfte, commanded two of ihe mnleteent to fol- 
low him on their pack muleu, and Ciime with 
all possible speed to the spot. Meantime, the 
othur Arab had assifited Brothers Earl and Tay- 
lor in caring for lue; and when they laid me 
down the woman had run and brought me a 
pillow. They say that I repeatedly cried out, 
"0 nij' bead, my head;" and that once I ex- 
claimed. "Set the lamp a little lower." Fearing, 
from the pain of which I complained, and the 
evident wandering ot my mind, that conges- 
tion of the brain miglit ensne, Brother Earl 
called for cold water, and the woman 
ran to her tent and brought it. Thin 
was poured slowly upon my head until I ct^as- 
ed to complain. But of all this I knew noth- 
ing. They say also, that when I was lirst res- 
cued my face was livid almost to blackneKs, and 
mv eyes were glazid; and that when they first 
laid me on the beach my pulse was scarcely 

When Aasad and the muleteers arrived, it 
was thought he^it to take me to the camp. I 
was pcnrcely willing to be moved so soon; for 1 
could not yet hold up my head; but they in- 
sisted and I yielded. They put on me u part 
of my clothing, and lifted nie upon the broad 
pad which covered the back of one of the mules 
Astia* sat behind me to hold me on, and thus 
I was borne slowly to my tent. ! suffered 
still with severe pains in my limbs, my head 
was much oppressed, and my stomach was tor- 
tured with both licit and thirHt. I called for 
ice, if any could be found in Sidon, and fortu- 
nately some wa.s brought tome. It was the 
first city we had visited in Syria where ice is 
kept, and no ice ever tasted so delicious to mi- 
as that. Dr. Abela, the American Consul and 
a physician, was sent for. and between him and 
Brother Earl, who is himsglf a good privctition- 
er of the homiuopathic school, I was treated 
with such restoratives as my case ref|uired. 
The next morning I was free from pain, and in 
the course of the day I was able to take a little 
liquid food. Mr. Eddy, an American Presbj' 
t«rian missionary in Sidon, who had called to 
see me the evening before, kindly invited me to 
occupy one of the airy and comfortable 
of his dwelling; but 1 was at ease in my tent, 
and unwilling to give trouble, and so I declined 
his invitation. Before sunset I dressed myself 
and took a short walk about the camp, and on 
Monday morning, by the amazing mercy of 
God, I was able to mount my horse and resume 
my journey, This was only about forty hours 
after my disfister, yet I rode six hours that 
day ivithout unusual fatigue. Our rout#, be- 
fore turning into the hills, led ue back for a 
short distance along the same path by which 
we had come to Sidon, Saturday afternoon. We 
passed once more the garden of cucumbers 
kept by the three Arubs who had befriended 
me, and they came out to meet me. Brother 
Earl had given each of them a present, but I 
gave them more, saying to them, "I give you 
this for your kindness tome; and I hope you 
will show the same kiuduess to any other 
strauger when you can." They received the 
money with warm expressions of thankfulness, 
and one of the men kissed my hand, and with 
a loud voice praised Allah for my deliverance. . 
I have now repeated the story of what I may 
call my death and restoration; and the reader 
can see as plainly as 1, that to Brothers Earl 
and Taylor, but especially to the former. I owe 
the prolongation of my life. True, the latter 
did what he could, and he did it most bravely. 
When he swam out into the deep water and 
took me by the bund, he knowingly put his 
life in my power; for bad.I been frantic, as most 
persons are in drowning, I would havedragged 
him under me and we both would have gone 
down together. And had his horse come freely 
into the water, he would probably have rescued 
me while Brother Earl was helping Frank. 
But as it is, I owe chiefly to Brother Earl the 
preservation of my life, and probably of that of 
luy couain Frank. Butrfor him Frank's moth- 
er might have become a childless widow, and 
my wife the widowed mother of a dependent 
family. I told him, as I lay helplets in my 
tent before the gate of Sidon, that I cpuld nev- 
er recompense him for his kindness. He com- 
manded mo to keep sileut on the subject; b ut 
perish the hand that writes these lines if I ever 
forget the debt of gratitude which 1 owe him 
If! am thus indebted to my fuitliful breth- 
ren and fellow followers, what thidl I say of the 
debt I owe to him without whose help they co« d 
have done nothing? It was He who rescued 
first of all two lives of which I had despaired, 

and then made one of these the instrument of 
saving mine. I had passed throut,h all the 
conscious eiperi<Hi<;e ofdving, and God drew me 
back out ofthH ver>' j^WS ofdfath. 1 feel thai 
tlie remintof iny il.iyi, wbatar-ic it ahill b". is 
sp<cial giftofhis providence, as special m that 
granted to Kiug Ile/'kiah when his hour to die 
had come, and God hearing his prayer for long 
ertime, atided fifteen years to his life. And it 
gift is .ap'-cial, I think it must have a spe- 
purpose, I frtin would know what that p^ir- 
I is. Is it that I may bear before I go hence, 
a heavier burden of earthly woe than has hith- 
erto fallen to my easy lot? Is it that some dire 
temptalon shall , giapple with my smil. and 
htraiu my. faith to its utmost tension? Is it, 
that I shall follow to the grave with a breaking 
heart my wife and children, who came bo near 
being left behind? Or is it, that I shall con- 
tinue for soaie years, and with more abouudiug 
fruit, the labor of teaching and preaching 
God's blessed word? Oh, how often, since that 
dreadful 14th of June, have I asked myself 
these questions! On thesnt^wytopof Herman; 
amid the cedars of Lebanon; musing by moon- 
ight among the ruins of Baalbek; pacing the 
deck of many a ship; standing on Mars' Hill, 
by the imaginary side of him who spent 'a day 
and a night in tbedeep;" on the lonemountain 
and in thecrowdedcity. these questions have 
pressed themselves upon me, and have occupied 
many a tearful hour, I desire that my children 
shall watch the course of my life, and that when 
I am gone they shall write at the foot of this 
p;igethe answer which time shall then have re- 
vealed. At present, oue answer, and only one 
I have been able to find: it is. that iu the doyM 
which God bus added to me, 1 shall love Him 
with all my heart, and work for him with all 
my strength. This, with hie heavenly help, I 
am pledt;ed to do. 

"Here at ttiy feet I leave my vow. 

And thy rich grace record: 
Witness, you saints who hear me now. 
If 1 forauke tlie Lord." 

Btforel left home, many of my brethren 
and sisters, men and women who are in favor 
with God, gave me assurance that they would 
continually pray for my safd return. I know 
that they have done so; and I have the strong- 
est conviction that their prayers have been ef- 
fective. I would now address to all of them, 
the words addressed by Paul to the saints iu 
Corinth on a somewhat similar occasion; "We 
would not, brethren have you ignorant of our 
trouble which came to us in Asia, that we were 
pressed out of measure, above strength, inso- 
much that we despaired even of life. But we 
had the sentence of death in ourselves, that we 
,hould not trust in ourselves, but in God who 
raiseth the dead, Who delivered from us so 
great adeafch, and doth deliver: in whom we 
trust that he will yet deliver us: you also heli>- 
tog^jther by prayer for us, that for the gift 
bestowed upon us by the means of many per- 
sons, thanks may be given by mauy on our be- 
half." (^. Cor. 1, H-II). 


Western Home MissioDary Society. 

WE, the brethren of the White Rock con- 
grrgation. Jewel county Kansas, herebv 
certify that Eld. James L. Swiizer has been 
duly appointed by the Western Home Mission- 
V Society to act as their soliciting agent 
throughout ihe Brotherhood, and we recom- 
mend him and his mis'^ion to their prayerful 
cousideruti.m. Wave Gitritii, Treas. 

George Detrick. I 

Lawrence GarmaM", f Committee. 
Henry Wylanu. J 

Geo. Detriok, Clerk. 

We, the brethren of Pony Creek District, in 
council assembled, hereby certify that wo hear- 
tily approve of the missionary work in which 
our brethren of "The Western Home Mission- 
ary Society" are engaged, mid we do not hesi- 
tate in saying that it is a work that is necessary 
aud commendable, and we believe will be the 
leana of doing much good in building up the 
Church in the far West. We therefore hereby 
cheerluUy recommend Bro. Switzer and his 
mission to the favorable consideration of the 
brethren everywhere. 


U. W. Grabiel, 

J. J. LiCHTY, 

J. J. Myers, 
Wm. M Lichiy, 

E. D. Spangler, 

E. Berk>:ey, 
Levi Wallace, 
W. C. Mdsser, 

A. W. LlGHTY, 

A. W. Grabill. 
E. P. Lehuax. 

We, the brethren of Falls City Congregation, 
hereby certify that we heartily approve of the 
Missionary work in which our brethren of the 
Wesiern Mis.sionary Society are engaged. Well 
knowing the necessity for aw.h labor on our 
Western Frontier, we considered their action 
in this matter necessary and commendable, and 
bfe'peak for thein the favorable consideration of 
our more Eastern brethren, believing their la- 
bor in this direction may be the means of doing 
much good in spreading the unadulterated 
Word of our blessed Master on our Western 

C. Forney, Joa. Johnson. 

Jos. D. WicBB, John'J. Hohner, 

S. C. Stumi'. Francts Shaffer, 

J. A!,heNfeltk« Jacob Wicks. 

Diligence ib what? I undenitand diligence in 
good works. And after we are diligent in eT- 
ery good work we are to add to our faith, vir- 
tue, knowledge, patience, temperance, godliness, 
brotherly kindness, charity. Now it is very 
necessary that we are diligent aud that wo add 
to our faith all these graces so that we do not 
become barren aud unrruitful, for it we "lack 
these things we are blind aud cannot see afar 
ofl', and have forgotten that wo were purged 
from our old sins." 

On Christmas evening we again mot in the 
same place. Our attention was oflUed to Matt. 
25: 1-10, very clearly showing us the impor- 
tance of not only having a lam|) (a profi.,^Bion), 
but also a vessel filled with oil, if we wish to 
ent«r at the marriage (eii-^t in the evening of 
the world. The meeting was continued day 
and night until Sunday evening. Believers 
were encouraged and sinners were made to ieh 
riously reflect. J. R. M. 



From Charleston, W. Va. 

Dear Brethren: — 

G want some minister to come and I'ocate 
here in this part of the country. There 
three members here an J we very seldi 
hear the brethren preach. Bro. Starkey of 
Lincoln comity visited us last Sunday and 
preached two sermons. There were many 
present aud excellent attention. Nearly all 
seemed to be interested and anxious that he 
should come back, but he has so much to do 
where he is living, consequently cannot come 
very often. I am prompted to s.iy the chance 
to build up a little church here is good. 1 would 
like for some minister, strong in the faith, and 
able to declare the whole counsel of God, to 
visit this part and see bow he would like to lo- 
cate here. 1 think the chances for living ar. 
about as good here as in a great many other 
places. The C. & 0. R. R- runs along the 
Kauawba River on the opposite side from 
Charleston. I want any oue to come that will, 
bit there are localities where there are sis or 
eight ministers and by one or two leaving, the 
ciuse would not suffer and great good might 
result by going to some new field. Hope that 
I will soon bear from some brother that has 
siicu a longing for the saving of souls that it 
will not be long until some one will come to 
1 -cate with us. Yours in bonds of Christian 
love. -*- Haws. 

From Washington Territory. 

WINTER IS heie but the weather is vtiy 
fine and the farmers are ut work plowing 
aud seeding, although we had a little cold 
weather about the 24th of December, — the 
mercury ran down to 10 degrees iielow zero. 
But we still find spiritual matters in rather a 
bad condition and I fear it will continue ^o un- 
til we can get ministerial aid by some one who 
will battle tor the cause of Christ." This is our 
censtant prayer. 

Brother David Brower. of Salem, Oregon vis- 
ited us lately and preached four discourses. He 
has many difficulties to encounter, his sheep 
being so greatly scattered in the , mountainous 
country. The church not being fully self-sus- 
taining, he often has to defray his own trav- 
eling expenses. We noticed in the B. AT W. 
that there are steps being taken to form a col- 
ony from the East to central Oregon. Through 
the influence of Eld. David Brower, and being 
desirous of having the country settled up by 
energetic Christian people, 1 will say if the 
agents, wish any information that I am able to 
give they are at liberty to open a correspon. 
dence with me at any time, or they will find a 
welcome home with me should they immigrate 
this way for the purpose of locating lands 
the colony. There is some little Government 
laud to he obtained by homestead aitd pre-e; 
tion, and there are large farms or tracts of land 
owned by individuals that can be bought rea- 
sonable that would accommodat* from five to 
fifty farmers. Address 0. W. Hartnbss, 

Wuiid u'uih, w. r. 

From Locke, Ind. 

}kar liirfhren:— 

WE had no meeting in our district on 
Christmas fo I concluded to go to the 
Baugo District. There wa.s an appointment 
for brother John Shoemaker of Michigan. 
Brethren J. Hoover and Alex Miller were there. 
The house was filled with orderly people anx- 
ious to hear the word of the Lord. The subject 
was "Precious Faitli." If we have the faith of 
Christ and the apoftles we have .a like precious 
faith with them. Our attention was also called 
to the words "Grace and peace be multiplied." 
Oh how good it would be if we were all multi- 
plying thesH things. That is the will of the 
Lord concerning us, and whenever we do the 
reverse we are serving the enemy of souls. The 
apostle Peter believes in growth. 2 Peter. 3: 18. 
Peter also says, "Beside; giving all diligence." 

rem North SolQm.>n Church. Kansas 

Dear Jirelhrcn: — 

IN your paper. No. 50, there is an article 
headed, "Solomon Valley Ciiurch," but 
dods not give the name of the writ r. The 
North Solomon Church met iu council to-day. 
There is something wrong about this, for there 
is no church now in Kansas named Solomon 
Valley. The first church that was organized 
here was called Solomon Valley, but thia 
church was divided, aud now one is called the 
South Solomon Church, and one the North 
Solomon Church. The North Solomon Church 
met in council to-day and thnt article was read 
and the church does not feel satisfied as it waa 
not sent from tjie North Solomon Church nor 
do we sanction some of the items contained In 
it. Please say what church and who it was 
that sent it, and we. the North Solomon 
Church would say that auy brother that can 
come and preach and can show that he is iu full 
fellowship with the Church will find a be&rty 
welcome. We have now the central brancli 
K. R. running west from Atchison through 
Bethany, Osborne county. Any brother wish- 
to pay us a visit and will preach for us can 
drop a card to D. 0. Brumbaugh, Bethany, 
Osborne county, Kansas, or Isaac Lerew, same 
e. Danibi. Shook, Clerk. 

To the Brethren of the Thornapple Con- 
gregation, Michigan. 

HOME brother will oblige us by writing us, 
and giving his address, as we are here in 
Grand Haven alone, away from the Brethren, 
persoaally, and desire to correspond with some 
brother and know of the ni^arest congregation. 

My wife and I left Illinois with a church 
certificate, thinking we might stop near some 
Brethren, and present our letter, and be one 
among them. We are very anxious to hear 
the Brethren preach and to meet with them 
once more. We desire the prayers of the 
church iu general in our behalf, that we may 
be faithful to the end of our few days that we 
have to remain here in this unfriendly world. 
We close, hoping to hear from some one soon. 
Fraternally yours in love, 

StiiON H. Heckuan. 

Gr'Hi(! Haven, Michif/an. 

Not Living up to Gospel. 

IF not inconsistent, answer me one qupstion: 
Some Baptists out here say the Brethren 
or "Tunkers" do not live up to all the com- 
mandments, they do not pay their preachers, 
and the word of God says "They that preach 
the Gospel shall live by the Gospel,'' They 
say the "Tunkers" let their preachers look out 
for their own living, therefore they do not live 
up to that command. I would like to have an 
answer to it. Samuel ReaH. 

Yankion, Dakolah. 

[We assign the Jbove to brother Daniel Van- 
iman toanswer. Proof and logic, brother Dan- 
iel. Eds.J 

From Sumner, Kansas. 

Dear Brelhrtn: — 

BROTHER Caleb Sacrist, of Keno County, 
was withusfroTi November aist to the 
esth. Preachel at night mostly; had good or- 
der. We would like to have some ministering 
brother tome and locate with nsjalso brethren 
who are not rain sterB. Land is cheap, not far 
from market. May the Loid keep us a'l in the 
straight and narrow way. is my prayer. 
Hive nine milei north-west or W.| ingt-on. 



Jan- 27 

§!ie brethren at ^Wk. 



1. The Editors will be responailjle only for the 
»CiJier.ll tone of the paper, find tlie insertion of an 
irticlc dnea not imply that they endorse every aen- 
ttment of tbe writer. 

2 CoNTitiDUTOits In order to fleoure prompt In- 
sertion of tlieir articles, will please not indulge m 
uersonalltles and uncourteoua liingnaffe, but pre- 
sMitlheir views •■with grace seasoned with salt. 

a. Vor tie benent of our reiidera and tne good of 
the cauHf. we aolicit clmrch news ftom all purts of 
the Brotherhood. We want some one in each cod- 
(iroRatton tn keep us aiipplied. In the briefest way, 
givu ufl ALL the facts, and we will put them m 
pniper ahnpe. Alw.iya write with black ink. on 
narrow pajier. 

4, TiiK bitETiiREN AT WonK Will be Sent to 
anyaddresaiii the United SUtea or Canada for 
SLMper annum. For tlie leading characterlatlc) 
of tbe paper, aa well as terms to .igenU see eighth 
page, Afldress all comnninications. 


Lanark, Carroll Co.. 111. 


JASUARV 27, 18K0. 


ROMAN Catholics tearh there ia a place to 
which all CliriatiiinH go immediately after 
death (aoleps l>y fptjeial providence they have 
heeii cleansed during tile by nevere affliction) to 
lie purged from all siu or defilement This 
lilac'e of torment ia cull«(i puniafonj, 

Tlie Romanisls claim that Christ does not 
Iptius full and complete pardon, but only fur 
iiishesthe means to .escape everlasting jJimhli- 


They teach that all must suffer for sin, aud 
if ^.hey do uotaufler in this world then they 
m»it, suffer in purgatory after death. With 
this idea there is no such thiug as washing 
our robes white in the blood of the Lamb; that 
cau oijly be done by a baptism of suffering io 
Ri«. what a hopeless aud cheerless religion! 
No wonder many of the Romauists look so sad 
and woe-begone! With them there is no hope 
of forgiveness of all sins, but all must remaii 
in purgatory until they are purged from all 
iuiquity, except they should have suffered du- 
ring life sufficieut to be a just equivalent for all 
aius lemitted. 

"The souls who go to purgatory are only 
such as die iu the state of grace united to Je- 
sus Christ. It ia their imperfect works for 
whitili they are condemned to that place of 
suffering, and which will all be there consumed, 
and' tlieir staina purged away from them before 
tliey can go to heaven." 

This doctrine has led to some very degrading 
practices. By the fear and horror with which 
this doctrine inspires the people the priests 
imposft penajices for prayers for the dead, for it 
is maintained that the pains and torments may 
be greatly diminished by the prayer-, services, 
niassea, cbaritiea of the friends upon the eiirth. 

To show how blind and deluded tlif subjeel 
of I'lipiicy are, wn only need to btate a 


which for a certaia premium paid .uiuiKilly, 
insures the payor a given number of miUises 
for his soul iu the event of his death, is sus- 
tained aud its certificates may be seen hung 
upou th^ walls in hundreds of our great cities. 
Think of haviug your future life insured! Sure- 
ly God is not mocked! "He that soweth to hia 
jl..-,h shall of the flesh reap corruption." May 
all who have named the nanie of Christ put 
forth all their energy to spread the Gospel 
which lighteth every man that cometh into the 
world Our stay here is only short though we 
live to be three-score years aud ten. then be 
uot faithless nor despomlent, but buckle on the 
armor of the Lord and go forth in his strength 
that Zion's cause may be both Ij^nored and glo- 

WKfln n't wi^h to apiilog'/.^ for our "Open 
Letter," yet we fear that to some of you it may 
not be edilying. So far as we are concerued we 
have nothing to hide, but the sins which char- 
ity is designed to cover, we are uot anxious to 
uncover. We ought so to live that we need 
not fear Matt. 10: '2fi and Mark 4: 23, and be 
willing to obey Kom. 12: 14 and Matt 5: 44. 
As tor us, we know not what we shall do in 
the future, but by the grace of God we shall 
endeavor to keep personalitie-i that wound, out 
of ovr paper. We feel that we should make 
greater advaucemL'ut in love, patience, and 
brotherly kindnes?. Will you bear with us a I 
liiiie iu our folly: and indeed bear with us, — 
2('.)r.9;l. 'Have I committed an olfeuse iu { 
III' .-mg myself?" — 3 Cor. 9: ". We need oil 
b,..i ,viu-.— Luke 10: 34. I 


Brother Lt. M. Miller returned home ou the 
23rd iust., from Wisconsin. Eight baptized 
and one reclaimed. 

From the Primitive. Christian we learn, that 
.lister Major has been ill for some time. Hope 
she may (Oja recover, and be able to preach the 
Word Avith power. 

Bito. JAfOB Berkey writing from Texas says: 
"Had two cold days about Christmas; since then 
very warm. Farmers are planting and sowing 
oats. Health very good, and many people 
coming to this country." 

Brother D. H. Pahruey, editor Brethren'': 
Advocatr, under date of 17th inst., writes that 
Brother J. W. Beer was then holding meetings 
in Waynesboro, aud that ten had been received 
by baptism, and others to be received in a lew 
days. Also that Brother Huuvt-rwasto begin 
aseries ot meetings six miles wi-st of Waynes- 
boro the evening of the 17th. Glad, indeed, to 
hear that God's workmen are busy preaching 
the gospel. 


THE following petition has been circulated 
among Brethren in portions of Indian: 

"The elders of the German Baptist church of 
the Miami Valley, Ohio assembled in counci 
with others, agreed to ask Annual Meeting by 
the r€i(ueat aud aid of all the members who feet 
to hold to the old order of the Brethren, to 
come back to where they were before there were 
any Sunday-schools among the Brethren, nor 
Colleges, nor Series oi Me»ling.s, nor a Salaried 
Ministry, nor supper on the table at the time 
of Feet-washing, nor single mode of Feet- 

This kind of work seems strange to us. We 
are not sure that signing petitions of this kind, 
or circulating petitions relative to things that 
must come before the church, i-5 according to 
the old order. Brother Moomaw, in this issue, 
gives a solemn caution; aud we, too, think 
that we should consider well where we put our 
names. Many of our readers will remember 
that last year,in a certain part of the Brothe 
hood petitions were circulated, and more than 
one thousand names obtained, many of whom 
afterwards deeply regretted having given their 
names to the parties who carried the petitions 
around. We regard the circulating of peti- 
tions as dangerous to the peace and prosperity 
of Christ's church, for the simple reason, that 
individuals will be persuaded to nigu them on 
the importunities of the parties presenting said 
petitions; and il those who circulate them are 
corrupt, great mischief may be done. Wi 
must insist on the principle of right and jus- 
tice; and the method ever pursued by our breth 
ren in the pa^it, was to bring thing.s before the 
church and there discusa them. To depart 
from that course will bo to lay down all princi- 
ples of fairness, and where thi^* is wanting, 
peace and love can nut dwell. We hope that 
those who are circulating pjtitioua will pause 
and consider wliat they are doing. There is a 
legal way tu present complaints, and let the old 
order be followed in this. 





11J"E expect to make arrangements with the 
Vy following Western Kailroads: Missouri, 
Kansas and Tesas; Chicago audNorth- western; 
Chicago, Burlington and Quincy; Illinois Cen- 
tral; Chicago, Altonand St. Louis; Kansas Pa- 
cilic: Atchison, Topeka, and St. Fe. 

In order to simplify the work, you will please 
address a card to me, stating at what point you 
expect to take the train on either of the above 
roadi. By so doing, excursion tickets will be 
placed at the station named by you; otherwise 
you may be compelled to pay full fare. 

As the Committee of Arrangements has ap- 
pointed the undersigned as one of the number 
to attend to this work, all others will please 
iiyt interfere, or else there will be misunder- 
standings to such an extent that nothiug can 
be done. ArrangE;^ents have been made on 
Chicago, Milwaukee, ajid St. Paul Roads, from 
Cvdat Kapids, Rock Island, and Chicago and 
intermediate points. When all things are 
ready East and West we will give instructions 
so that none need go astray. Please write at 
once. M. M. E.-helman. 

{Brethren's papers, please <opi/.) 

i^isforu of flic ^Ijurcfi. 



E pass by the birth, work,d-ath, resurrec- 
tion, and ascension of Christ and take 



The Prosperifij of (he Church. 

As soon as Christ bad ascended to heaven 
the apostles re-ioived to fill up their number as 
it had been fixed by Jesus, hfuce they, with 
many other disciples, assembled to fill the place 
made vacant by the fall of Judas. Two men, 
noted for their kuowledge of their Master, and 
their piety and faithfulness, were proposed as 
worthy of the confidence of the church These 
men were Mathias and Barnabas, and the for 
mer, either by lot, or as some suppose by a plu- 
rality of voices ot all present, was chosen to 
dervb in the apostolic office. 

The apostles were without learning in letters 
or philosophy., hence what was aaid or done 
through them can not be attributed to the 
learning of the world. Afterwards Paul, not- 
ed for his learning and ability, was called to 
the defense of the truth, but this Paul by no 
means relitd upon his former wisdom, but 
rathtr counted it as worthless. Peters ser- 
mon, aud Stephen's defense are equally sub- 
time with Paul's defense aud evaugelistic ser- 

The first church founded by the apostles was 
that of Jerusalem, and was governed by them- 
selves. Equality distin^'uished this church. 
Charity beamed forth in it-s divine apl'-ndor. 
The rich supplied the needs of the poor, even 
to the extent that all things were in common. 
This was the residt of love, and is one of the 
strongest proofd of the divine origin and 
standing of the apostolic church. The extremt 
harmony among the disciples, and the simplie. 
ity ui their manuersstood in contra'-t with tiie 
strifes and pompouscess of other rel. 
The doctrine of Christ, spread rapidly, tor 
alter his ascension the people everywht 
began to realize that he was more than an ( 
dinary being, for they remembered his wondi 
ful miracles, his many acti of love, his pleasant 
manners aud great simplicity of speech. 

No one bad ever read their thoughts as he 
did; none had ever shown such unconcern for 
riches and honor; none nad ever endured with 
such patience, nor arose with such triumph 
over the most stupendous oppositions. The 
emperor, Tiberias, is said to have proposed to 
the Roman Senate to enroll Christ as one of 
the gods of Rome, so great did his fame spread 

It is presumed by souie that tbe estieme lit>- 
erality of the first character towards the poor, 
tempted many heathen to turn from idolatry 
and embrace Christianity. But this can not be 
regarded as a fact, for no sooner did people 
turn to serve the living God than the persecut- 
ing spir-t of the Pharisees was aroused, aud 
death or imprisonment was the result Lazy 
and semi-converted people were not tolerated 
ill the church, but he whowould not work was 
not allowed to eat with them. Is it reasonable 
to suppose that men would leave a state of civil 
protection aud put themselves into a state of 
condemnation with the world for the simple 
privilege of eating and drinking without labor? 

The apostles having completed their work in 
Jerusalem, went to teach other nations as com- 
manded by Christ.— Matt. 28: r.>. 20. Many 
churches were planted in different part- of the 
world by these self sacrificing workers, who 
left their nets, their homes, families, kindred 
aud brethren, and braved the dangers of heath- 
en darkness, even sealing their devotion with 
their blood. No wonder Christianity spread 
rapidly. Opposition to a just cause will often 
advance thatcause. So it woawith tbe apostles: 
they had the truth, and opposition to that 
trill h, was the means of its propagation. This, 
accompanied with lives of puiity on the part of 
the apostles, led many to embrace the truth, 
until several millions of souls were made hap- 
py in knowing their Lord Jesus, 

Dii'HTHERiA is carrying away many children 
II Wayuesburj, Pa It Is also visiting many 
hildren in Freeport, III., and other parts if the 
country. In Russia the disease is carrying off 
hundreds of young people. May the Lord help 
in every time of distress. 


A spiritual iliicussion beticeen the old und neir 
man about lehich ilylr of binding la huy. 

iT htj3 for some yearn been a settled mutter 
that a Cyclopii'diai-outaining a wide range 
of u^ful knowledge was needed iu our library. 
A few years ngo when the New American with 
its beautiful illustrations appeared, it became 
pretty well settled that this should ba the one. 
Its cost, SftJ.OO, being quite an item to one of 
limited meins, subscribers for it were postpon- 
ed to a more convenient season. Wlien the 
announcement in No. 43 of P. C. appeared that 
the American Book Exchange, No. 55, Beok- 
man St., N. Y., were reprinting tlie Edinburg 
and London Edition of Chamber's Cycloptcdia 
of Universal Knowledge in twenty volumes for 
810.00, it at once attracted attention. On od- 
dressing the publishers it appeared that it was 
to be a reprint entire of the Edinburg and 
London Edition of 1879, with large additions 
of special interest to .\mericau readers, mak- 
ing in all a library of a wide range of useful 
knowledge of over 15,000 pages in twenty vol- 
umes, handsomely bound in cloth for $10.00; 
half morocco with sprinkled edges for S15.00; 
half russia with gilt top, :?2O.0O. A sample 
volume of each style of binding was sent for; 
and on arrival closely examined. After which 
the old mail (who ia very apt to apeak first) 
said: "You as a matter of course will take the 
*20.00 style of binding. • 

1. Because to one of cultivated taste it will 
look so much better on the library shelf; for 
you see it is half russia, with gilt top, and be- 
sides that it has much wider margins, all of 
which makes it worth much more on account 
of its looking so much better. 

2. Because it is heavier paper, and better 
binding, and therefore will last longer. So you 
seo upon u long run it is much the cheapest, 
aud therefore you will as a matter of course 
buy the best." 

To this the new man replied as follows; 
"Don't decide hastily. Look at the other aide 
first. Let us see: the print in all is the same. 
That the 820.00 style is printed on heavier pa- 
per, has better binding, and will therefore last 
lougtr, is readily granted. That it is worth so 
much more on account of its looks, and that it 
is the cheapest ou a long run, is doubtful; and 
that to one ot cultivated taste, it looks so much 
better on the library ahelf, depends on the di- 
rection in which taste has been cultivated; for 
as the taste on the tongue may be cultivated 
to relish either sour or sweet most, so may the 
taste, reached through the eye, be taught to 
admire plainness with economy rather than 
beauty with costliness. Assuming then that 
the 820.00 style will last seventy-five years of 
ordinary usage while the 8I0.0O style will last 
only fifty jears, there will be 810.00 at the 
start. Five dollars of this sent to the Breth- 
ren's Tract Society will in fifty years procure 
§20,00 worth of tracts or about 20,000 pages, 
and at the end of fifty years will be just as 
available as at the beginning, and in order that 
the distribution of these tracts may b; judi- 
ciously done, a list of tracts will be sent to the 
donor and be allowed to select aud distribute 
theni himself or get it doue by some one else; 
thus the good results of these $5.00 eternity 
alone can reveal. Of the remaining $5.00, $2.0i) 
may be sent to S. T. Bosserman, Dunkirk, 
Ohio, for City Missions, and 50 cents to C. P. 
Rowland, Lanark, Illinois, for the Danish Mis- 
sion, and the remaining §2.60, would, at com- 
pound interest in twenty-five years purchase 
another §10 00 set and leave $6.33 remainder. 
Thus I will, by purchasing the ?10.00 set, be 
able to do the above mLssionary work; give the 
old set to some poor man who loves books at 
the expiration of each term of twenty-five years, 
and purchase a new $10.00 set, and have §3,83 
left for missionary work. So after all the $100i) 
seems to be the cheapest eren on a long run." 
Old iii'in. — "Yea, provided you care nothing 
lor looks, which to a man of your standing 
should always be considered of first importance. 
.\s to giving. a set to a poor man every twenty- 
five years, it won't be done; and besides, more 
than half of those who are too poor to buy 
•rood books are so by their own had manage- 
ment. They spend $-5.00 a year for tobacco 
and other useless things, which, if fiaverl, 
could pay the work for themselvea in two years. 
They don't seem to take the pains to look 
iihead far enough to see that one cent a day 



THi: i3IlETIiREISr _A_T "WORK!. 

naved and put at interpat at the end of each 
year would in fifty years at eight percent., 
coiupoundsd, Biuuutit to *2,134,5IJ, and ten 
ceaVi a dav (which u miny a poor fellow could 
5afe if he would) in thea.inie time umouut to 
821,345.30, This is thi-ir own fault, and you 
are not to hiame. A?> to the Danish Mit^sioa it 
is to» fur ftIT to amount to much, ajid in cities 
there is too muL-h- wickedness— you can't do 
anything there. Besides all this, tht- maDUgers 
at head fjaartcra might die, hecome b;inkrupt, 
or run away with the money belonging to 
Tract Society. Then all would be lost. It is 
entirely too risky, while if you invest the other 
$10.00 in the best atyle of binding it will be a 
continual source of yr«fjyi(.rt/iV(M to know that 
no one has ii handsomer one than youn<; and 
besides the looks for a man in your standiu 
aimply indispetnable. L-^t others who have 
done little or nothing in missionary work di 
their part once »nd yon see that things look 
about right on your own premises, and letoth' 
era do the same. You are uot responsible for 
otlieni. You 'are jiot your brother's kee] 
So it would he so foolish for you to buy the 
$10.00 style when the other would be so much 
cheaper on the long run." 

New lii'iH. — I thought you were many yeura 
ago slain by the poner of tlie gospel, and wlien 
dead, tent off. buri<d, und Ihe uew man (who 
is after the image of him who created hici) was 
put on and assumtd control here. Now here 
you are again, iis of old, mixing error and 
truth together, urging your narrow, settiMh, 
and ruinous ideas; get thee behind me, lnv 
whoever will be controlled by your will, like 
the ricli man, neglect his duty to others, and 
anally like him, find bimsalf on a long run 
the wrong place. Daxiel Vakima; 


A L&TTEii from Brother Hope Dated Dec. 16, 
ISTi'says: "We had a Love-least north of this 
Dec. 7th and it was very eojoyalle. A great 
many, spectators preaeut, but all quiet and good 

Bro. a. M. ?nvdkr, Bradford, 0., wisheaall 
our readers tc send him five one-cent stamps 
with their addresses, and he will send each one 
a seed catalogue, which contains much useful 
information for families. We think Brethren 
who are encaged in useful busiueas sliould be 

Those who don't roturn our "statemeuts" do 
not comply with our rerjuest, and it may be 
that they will get another '"statement," even 
though their account should have been "'squar- 
ed." Our statements always show in just what 
boolt and page thb account is. This we cannot 
always find without the^ statement, and hence 
cannot credit or changa account as should be 
done. ^ ' ^ ■'■ 

Amounts not esceediug 50 cents can he sent 
in silver if the silver be sewed in cloth so it 
cannot slip ont at the corner of the envelope. 
We get entiraly too many stamps for conven- 
ience, and we have not heard this Winter of 
any silver being lost that was put up in this 
way. More than .^0 cts in silver will cost an 
extra postage stamp to send it, 0/ilij sew!- 
slumps ichn you van rciiiil no oih-r way. 


IN the January number of the Vii-dkator, 
you give, what you claim, an account of 
your trial in the Mineral Creek Church, Oct. 
'.'th, 1879. It is uot my province in this to say 
whether your statement is correct in every 
particular as regards your arraignment and 
trial, for that belongs to the elders who were 
present, and the church. The only ditTerence 
between ijuu and uw is on two points, viz.: 

1. The propriety of publishing, in part, the 
proceedings of your trial. 

2. Whether what t gave wascorrect. 
Thftse, ! btUeve, are the only points of ditier- 

ence; for 1 regard the fact of the trial and the 
proceedings preparatory to it as being ques- 
tions for your own church and the elders pres- 
ent., to decide. 

Let lis then have the case distinctly before 
us. Did the church give you a fait and im- 
partial trial? This is for the elders who were 
present to say; with this 1 have nothing to do, 
exceptasa witness when called "upon by your 
church to testify. On the other hand, the;)ro- 
firidy of my publishing your trial, and its tf- 

racUy are the points between you and me; and 
these pointa of difference i wi.^h t<; say "ome- 
tbing about in such a way an will refluet honor 
upin our buly religion, aad not give our 
Brethren cause to think that we are -children 
in understaii.iiii;" when we should be men; 
for notwithstandiiii: tlipse diff^reaces, Brolher 
John. I still love you, uid do not « ish to bur- 
den you nor make your pathway unpleasant. 
In my report I eaid: "By consent of a number 
of eldera, and in justice to Brother Harshey 
and the churches in Soathern Missouri, we 
give a synopsis of Brother H's trial, and truet 
that we may in no instance misrepresent him, 
but so present the proceedings as to reflect 
credit upon all concerned." So I said, and so I 
yet feel; and had you when you first saw the 
report, writti^n to me as set forth in 1 Tim. 5: 
1, and convinced me of my error, 1 vould have 
gladly made an apology; but .you know you 
did not wrile to me, but went and did precise- 
ly what you thought I nhould ttol have done. 
After you published in Vindkaior that I had 
misrepresented you, I called upon you to get 
the testimony of the church in which you 
live, or of a majority of the elders in Southern 
Missouri to say if I had or not. I thought, and 
yet think, that the offer was a fair one, and as 
you did uot procure the testimony of your 
church or the elders, T was compelled to call at 
least on the elders. 

My reasons for publisliing a synopsis are 
tlipse: Y'ou have beeu more or less before the 
Brotherhood in its periodicals ou questions of 
iliflVreucea among ui, and was found in fault 
by A, M. for writing articles calculated to di 
turb the peace of the church. I concluded that 
bii ce our readers bad heard something tf what 
was called the "Harshey Movement," it was 
due them that they should know that there 
wafi an end to these f roubles: for I then 
that your acknowledgement was sincere, and 
that now we could with pleasure say that all is 
welt. I meant it for your good,and not your ru- 
in; bat I see that I am still poor and weak, ftud 
liable to err in judgment. I now think that it 
would have beeu better had [ said nothing 
about if, and for the publication thereof, I now 
and for all time, do abase myself, and beseech 
you to forgive me in the name of the Lord Je- 
is. Itis often difGcaltto distinguish between 
hat i'l personal and what should go before the 
public; and if we soniefimes err, please do not 
that our motives are impure, that we are 
seeking to destroy others. Our manuecript, if 
it had eyes, would see us weeping much oftener 
than it sees us laugh. The Lord only knows 
what perplexities editors do have, audi have 
confidence that you. Brother John, can have 
soitif sympathy tor us. 

'2,. I now take up your charge of misrepre- 
sentation. In this I will not say whether I 
did or did not, {for T am not infaHible), hut one 
thing I do know; 1 did not write with the in- 
tention of misrepresenting. But we will leave 
the matter to some of those who were present, 
for these witnesses were nut, (as you say of 
your witnesses) "run through the same ma- 
chine for the same otiense. and had to make 
hard acknowledgements, and promi.^e to do so 
no more," but were called, I understood, to as- 
sist the church. I addressed the following let- 
ter to each elder present, and now give their 
answers, except Brother George Barnhart, who 
did uot reply, and Brother D. L. Williams, 
who had sent bis answer, and, just before we 
went to press, requested us to withdraw it. 
I regret its withdrawal, for I think he should 
have come out with the others. 

Lanark, III., Dec. 18th, 1S70. 
Dear Brother: — 

Please say whether in vour 
judgment I misrepresented Brother John 
Harshey in my account of his trial in Vol. 4, 
No. 43 of B. AT W. M. M. 

Ne7ada, Mo., Dec. 23, 1870. 
Dear Broilier: — 

In reply to yoor request I 

must say that after reading and re-reading your 

report, and having been present at his trial, 

and also attended ail the District Meet- 

gs in Southern Missouri since the State was 

vided in 1S71, you have not misrepresented 

m. ■ S. Clkk. 

Blacksbcbo, Va-, Dec. 30, 1S79. 
Dear Brother: — 

I have written an article for 
the Vindicator in which I have quite freely ex- 
pressed my sentiments with reference to your 
article. If it is published you will then get 
my mind. A. Cbimpackxk. 

I am sorry that Brottier Crurapacker did 
not send me his opinion, in brief, so that I 
could publish it with the others. 

ToituviLLE Iowa, Dec- 22, 1879. 
Dear Brother:— 

Tours received, and I will 
say in regard to yon misrepresenting Brother 
Jno. Harshey in No. 43, of B. at W,. that y. 
did not misrepresent him. and I thought you 
might liave said a good doal more, which, i! 
said, would have made his case look far worse. 
I thought you were very mild in giving a de- 
scription of hih trial. 

Jobs C. Millek. 
Clinton, Mo., Dec. 20, 1879. 
Dear Brother: — 

In my judgment you did 
not in the least misrepresent Brother Harshey 
in B. AT W., but I thiukyour report was more 
honorable to him than the actual facts at his 
trial. J. S. MoHLiii. 

Dear Brother: — 

, Dec. S 

, 1879. 

I have just received your 
note, sent to me atCentreview, Mo., which my 
wife forwarded to me, and in reply must say 
that if vou misrepresented Brother Harshey in 
your report I am not able to see it. After read- 
ing your letter I turned to the paper and read it 
all over again, and I do not know where Broth- 
H. locates his miere presentation. 

A. Hi'icHiaoN. 
Newtonia, Mo., Dec. 28, 187ft. 
Dear Brother: — 

Yours at hand asking me to 
say whether in my judgment you nticirepresent 
Brother John Harshey in Vol. 4, No. 43 of B. 
AT W. I will answer, in my judgment and 
understanding you did not misrepresent Broth- 
er John Harshey in said report. 

C. Haradsr. 
Brother Harader was Moderator at said trial, 
and we think he endeavored to he impartial. 
Now Brother Harshey I have given you the 
judgment of those who have answered my let- 
ters. Y'oii will see just how they speak, and I 
am willing to leave the question of veracity be- 
tween us to our loving Brethren, and if what 
they say does not satisfy you, then please get 
i/our rhureh to testifif. Y'ou know there are 
three ministers and ,/irfi deacons in your church, 
as well as the lay members, who have not yet 
spoken to the public on this question, and if 
yuu see fit to invite them out, I shall not ob- 
ject. I have already apologized for publishing 
your trial, and now leave its vemcitij for otherf 
to decide. Is not this fair? 

I have tried hard, by the help of the Lord, 
to infuse a kind and brotherly spirit into all 
my words, and if I have failed, please do uol 
imagine that 1 am seeking your ruin, or en- 
deavoring to pull ijLu down. I would rather go 
down myself than to injure your reputation, or 
detract from your worth and ability. '"For a 
good man some would even dare to die," — Rom. 
Ti-.l. and if even/should fdel to go under the 
sacrificial wheels, yon will please not demur. 
Few men indeed will publicly acknowledge an 
error; but to me this is a great pleasure, for 
the strength of God comes from that direction. 
may we not "bite and devour one another," 
(Gal, 5: ir>) but may we constantly reach forth 
for that charity which "novar faileth," and 
"thinketh no evil." I have often "thought 
with myself that I ought to do many things 
contrary" (Acts 2C; 9; to the coun'sels of my 
Brethren, but "the love of Christ" (2 Cor. b: 14) 
constrained me. May your sorrows with ours 
be buried in the blood of a crucified Redeemer; 
and may joy, love, peace, and forbearance be 
our chief delight; for the Lord is nigh. 



AS we have had some experience in public 
discussions, and carefully noticed their 
results, we have no fears at all that the Stein 
and Ray discussion will injure our cause; but on 
the contrary, it svili eventually result much in 
our favor, still more so if it was in book form. 
There are two reasonf why we believe this will 
be the result. First, the most intelligent and 
candid men look to argument and fair reason- 
ing for the grounds of their decision; with them 
sophistry, misrepresentation or abuse has no 
weight, but rather weakens the cause of the 
man who uses them. An abusive cause has its 
greatest infioence over those who are led by 

prejudice; such as are unable to see the force of 
argument. At first, misrepresentation and 
ndicule may have all the force of argument 
with the most illiterate, but as time gives op- 
portunity for thought, abute turns against tlt« 
man who uses it, 

\^'hile it may be uupleas-int, oven disgusting 
to some of our brethren to read the abusive 
language, and see the misrepsentation- of Mr. 
Ray, a similar effect is produceil on some of the 
more intelligent, oven among the Baptists, so 
that we believe some good may come of the 
very things which make a discussion unpleas- 
ant. But the general result is, that the judg- 
ment of the more intelligent will prevail, for 
fhey give reason and argument for their decis- 
ion, while those who have been influenced by 
ridicule, see, by a little thought, that it la a 
poor foundation for their decision, Mr. Ray'a 
efforts to abuse is a pandering to the prejudices 
of those who are weak enough to be deceived by 
his sophistry, to such an extent that we believe 
many of the most intelligent Baptists are dis- 
satisfied with his course. 

The second reason why the discussion will 
result in favor of our cause is, that ail thia 
abuse, misrepresentation and aophiatry is often 
used us before the world. M'^e have 
often heard of it being made in sermons, in 
conversittion,and in writing. From this fact the 
world is getting nothing more of abuse and ridi- 
cule against our doctrine than it has often had 
before. But in this discussion the world hears 
the sophistry exposed, and the truth set forth 
in the strong arguments, and the plain reason- 
ing, on which brother Stein relies. It is true, 
our brethren have to read and bear with tha 
abuse when it is in the paper, bat is if not bttter 
to bear this much unpleasant matter for the 
sake of having the truth set forth and the so- 
phistry exposed before the world as brother 
Stein is doing? There has never been a more 
able defense of our doctrine than brother Stein 
is making, and we feel confident it cannot fail 
to convince many candid and intelligent per- 
of the truth and strength of our doctrine. 
While these are our views of what will he the 
result, from Ihe beginning we have (hrught 
Id be better, and do more good, to have 
the discussion published in book or pamphlet 
forui than to have it in our papers, because it 
could be preserved and re read togreater profit. 
But there is another thing to consider alter 
publishing this mu;h of the discussion. To 
stop now would give Mr. Ray an advantage of 
us, to use still more sophistry, and aay we 
stopped' because we were losing ground. We 
do not think it prudent to give him that advan- 
tage. He would aay one of our papers had 
deserted brother Stein, and would likely pub- 
lish these things to the world to our injury; 
hence we feel it is more prudent to continue as 
we have begun, and when it is over we want it 
in pamphlet form, as we still hold to that idea 
with more confidence now than when the dis- 
cussion commenced. R. H. Miller. 

On the first page of this issue we give the 
views of a noted Congregationaliat minister on 
the '"International Lesson." It will be seen 
that he coincides with our views already pub- 
lished. We publicly said about six months 
ago white endeavoring to inaugurate a reform in 
the method of teaching in Sunday schools, 
that if our secular scl.ools were to pursue the 
methods of instruction now fallowed in Son- 
day-schools, we would likely all regard them as 
unworthy of our confidence aad support, but 
we were only regarded by some as fuuatica'. 
Fifty years ago the pupils in our secular schools 
studied n/oW, and there seemed to be nothing 
but Babel under such circumstances. But we 
carry the same jrreat confusion into Sunday- 
schools, and rest easy under it. Why is this, 
thus? Can not our '"wise men" iu^agurate a re- 
form both in study and methods of teaching, 
and set before the world, not something which 
retards, but which will advance our children in 
Biblical knowledge? We presented some 
points for consideration last year, urged them, 
plead for them orally and by writing; and while 
some ^'ood thinkers privately 'told us that oar 
theory was very good, and superior to the 
present methods, they insLtted that the people 
were not ready for it yet. Just how the minds 
of the people were to be prepared for better 
thimrs by being firmly preaaed into the "old 
ruts" we never could understand. We hope 
the careful and considerate who love our youth 
will study to give us something that will prove 
a blessing. 





BT nu. LYON. 

Gi villinply work, fur the Mftsterdoth call, 
Go Willi H miiirl willing, hia will to ol)ey, 
Go earLeatly work, thpr* is work for you all, 
0, ■ielay not the time, bat work while 'ti^ diiy 
)o labor and tfil, for tliP Master's gi.od cause, 
Go pay what thou oweat, 'tisalready due, 
io tollow liH lo.'ibUps. traufgresa not his laws 

0, turn not nway, but as lollowers be true. 
Go work fur the harvest ie turning white, 

Go work lor there's something for each to do. 

Go work in bis vineyard, ere conietb the night. 

0, f^o thon and workfor the laborers are few. 

Go tliou in life's morning thy duty perform. 

Go thouere the Jays ol thy youth shall be past. 
Go fight the good fight, and to God's will coii- 
I ,rui, 
0, keep tliou the faith, and he'll save you at 
Then turn from tha paths of vice, folly and sin, 
And walk in the path the Master hath trod. 
Forsake then thy sins, and a new life bepin. 
And thus in sweet peace, be prepared to meet 


Prop. 2d. Baptist churches ijo-^ess the Bi- 
ble characteristics which entitle them to be 
regarded as churches of Jesus Christ. 

D. B. Ray, Affirms. 

J. W. Stein, Denies. 

D B. Ray's Sixth Akfihuative. 
HOUGH he makes no atteinj)t to 


prove, Mr. Stein is too stubborn 
to withdraw bis fa^e charges against 
Baptist churches. 

He wilfully nOcused Baptist churches 
with grauting "k-gal license" to do "the 
works of the flesh"; he charged that 
Baptist churches "hold Ihatwelll^y do 
evil, fight and kill"; he charged that 
Baptist churches are guilty of the "crime 
of perjury," and he charged Baptist 
churches with justifying the "rapacious, 
cruel and fiendish," "unbridled carnal 
lusts and passions"! We again repeat, 
that Mr. Stem makes no attempt to prove 
these scandalous charges!! But he talks 
about the viola^'on of our rules of de- 

Suppose two men are iu controversy, 
and one becomes so far beside himself 
that he charges his neighbor with adult 
ery, theft, murder and treason. And 
when he is called u\^onto pmve or m'fh- 
draw his foul charges, or litand as a vile 
and -wilfid slanderer, he begins ti> make 
the pitiful complaint that his neii^hbor 
is violating the rules of debate! Justice 
would say, "Let the accuser .prove or 
retract, or receive the odium of tin- wil- 
ful slanderer. '''' 

Though Mr. Stein makes no pretense 
of proof, he calls on us to "prove" that 
Baptist churche? are not f/uilfy of t4iese 
crimes! Baptist churches have no "re- 
lat" on to war." |They leave the ques- 
tion of war exactly where Christ and 
the apostles left it. This answers all his 
questions concerning Baptist churches 
and war. 

Mr. S. complains because we draw 
the line of contrast between the Bap- 
tist and Tunker church doctrines, as we 
pass. We are not surprised that he is 
ashamed of his miserable doctrine, that 
consigns all to damnation except mem 
bers of the Tunker chui-ch. While on 
the Tuukei- church question, Mr. Stein 
occupied more than a whole column in 
his I'.'lh affirmative, perverting Baptist 
his^orv. He continued to misrepresent 
Baptist authors all the way through, but 
if we mention a point of difference, he 
complaius. We are truly sorry for him. 

There is no need of translating "en 
iaptisma (Epb. 4: 5 ) one d'p;'" but it 
ironl! bear that rendering better than 

itif- false rendering "one dipping," We 
have a copy of Rotherham's Critically 
Translated and Emphasized New Testa 
raent, published in London, by Sam'l 
Bagster >k ^ons. Tbia critical Testa 
raent translates en haptisina by "one 
immersion." The Bible Union translators 
have rendered the en haptisma by "one 
immersion." When the inspired Paul 
f^ays, "One Lord, one faith, one immer- 
Hion," for as to practice three "immer- 
sions" is rebellion. 

When we showed that according to 
the argument based upon the idea that 
haptizo is a frequentative, that the Tunk 
ers must baptize frequently in the name 
of the Father, and baptize frequently iu 
the name of the Son, and baptize fre- 
quently in the name of the H<jly Spirit, 
Mr. Stein wasagain thrown in confusion, 
and taid: 

"I have not contended that 'irt^^/zwig' 
must be understood before 'Son' and 
'Holy Ghost' in the commission." 

But Mr. Stein, if you are a sound 
Tunker, you do understano baptizing 
three times in the commission. Mi'. 
Moore, the Tunker author, in his work 
called Safe Ground, p. IM; fills up the 
commission so as to read, after teach all 
nations, "baptizing them into the name 
of the Father, and baptizing them into 
the name of the Son, and baptizing them 
ntp the name of the Holy Ghost." 
Therefore, the Tunkers have three baj)- 
'izim/.t in their commissions. But Mr. 
Stein contends that one "baptizing" is 
plural, frequently — more than one dip; 
therefore, he must have nix or more dipn 
for one immersion, or his argument goes 
dead. But Mr. Stein did contend that 
baptizing must be understood before 
Son and Holy Spirit, in the commission." 
In his fourth aflirmative, he gives as il- 
lustration: "Delivering you up to the 
synagogues and into prisons." Luke 21 : 
12. Here 'deldvering^ occurs only once, 
like '■baptisimf in the commission. Were 
they not delivered 'up to synagogues! 
anddelivered into prisons?' " He made 
his whole arguaient upon the claim that 
the Tunkers 'baptize into kach of the 
names, 'Father,' 'Son' and 'Holy Spirit."' 
Bat now, when he got caught in his 
own trap, he denies his o^vn child — his 
own argument. 

When Mr. Stein performs his three 
immersions, as he dips the candidate, he 
says, "I io/j^izcthee into the name of the 
Father." He uses the whole word baj' 
tize, and performs the action demanded, 
"into the name of the Father. Now if 
baptize is a frequentative, requiring 
more than one action, he must baptize 
by these repeated actions into t'le name 
of the Fathe'^; otherwise he has spoken 
falsi'ly. The same must be true of each 
ot the other names. If the word baptise 
alone means "to dip repeatedly, then 
trine immersion must undoubtedly 
mem "to dip repeatedly three times." 
Therefoie, "trine immei-sion," ac 
cord ng to this "repeatedly" argument, 
must require six or more dips to p*?r 
form "one immejs'ou"!!! 

Mr. Stein's mockery about the body 
of the Savior being "slid into" the "per 
pendicular" face of a rock for burial, is 
unworthy of notice. The Tunker.'- 
themselves admit that baptism represent,*. 
buria'. and resurrection of Jems 
Chr'f*t. Therefore, the "one immersion" 
Baptist churches corresponds with 
tiiis demand. 

It mu5t be remembered that the class 
Greek is the foundation of lexicon.* 
Not one instance can be found in all 
Gr^'ek literature where baptizo is used 
as a frequentative. Dr. Conant, in hi.-- 
diaptizein, has collected the examples of 

the use of the word bapli-Ao by the an- 
cient (yreeks. The first example de- 
scribes a sea battle between the Rimaos 
and the Cartha*enian3,iD which iti'^s.iid 
that the CaTthagemans subinerfftd (bap 
tized) manyof the vessels of the Romans. 
According to Mr. Stein, the same ships 
were repeatedly sunk! We repeat our 
eight facts which Mr. Stein promised to 
answer at the proper time. They re- 
main "unanswered" as follows: 

1. It is a fact, that no example in 
classic Greek can be produced where the 
Greek verb baptizo means more than 
one submersion. 

2. It is a fact, that no example in 
sacred Greek can be produced where 
the word baptiz) means more than one 

3. It is a fact, that there is no men- 
tion of ''trine immersion" in the Bible. 

4. Itisafact, that not one of the 
four apostolic fathers mentions "trine 

5. It is a fact, that there is no men- 
tion of "trine immersion" in the litera 
ture of the world, whether sacred or 
profane, till about the Commencement of 
the third century. 

t). It is a fact, that when "trine im- 
mersion" firat made its appearance in 
church history, it was associated with in- 
fant baptism, infant communion, and a 
swarm of other traditions-. 

7. It is a fact, that "trine immersion" 
was regarded by early church writers as 
only apostolic tradition. 

.s. It is afact. that "trine immersion'' 
can be traced onhj through the Romish 
and Greek Catholic churches, up to 
about the beginning of the third cetituiy 

Mr. Stein gives a third reason "why 
Baptist churches are de'ttitute of Chris- 
tian baptism," because "the early church 
writers attribute the origin of single im 
mersion to Eunomius and his co-workers 
of the fourth century." Because Bap- 
tists will not obey the false and foolish 
statements of the Greek Catholic Pedo- 
baptists, Mr. S. condemns them. We 
must follow neither men nor angels to 
set aside the one immersion of Christ and 
the apostles. These Greeks, quoted by 
htm, were as corru pt as the Romish lead- 
ers in the darkest ages. They held in- 
fant baptism, monkery, nunnery, and 
three immersions, with a swarm of other 
superstitions, Yet Mr. S. promises to 
change his faith and practice upon the 
testimony of "one early Greek." 

One that can forsake Christ and the 
apostles to follow one superstitious 
heretic must be aponiate. If an 
"angel from htaven" should testify for 
trine immersion, in the face of the '■'■one 
immersion'''' of the Bible, we would say, 
"let him be accursed," 

"Let God be true, but every man a 
liar." There is no hint in favor of "trine 
immersion" in the New Testament. Wt 
■sum up a few points from the New Tes 
tament as follows: 

1. Jesus was baptized — immersed — 
Ijutonce (Ma'.t. 3: 13-17). As we art 
to follow the example of Christ, we 
must receive but "one baptism." 

2. The baptism of John before the 
commission was but one immersion 
'John verily baptized with the baptism 
of repentance" (Acts Hi; 4). The 120 
di.sdples wentinto the original church on 
this one baptism, 

3. The commission demands but one 
baptism as already proved. j\[ark re- 
cords it thus: "He that believeth and 
18 liaptized" — not baptized three times. 

He that believeth and is baptized." If 
the act ot baptism must be repeated to 
the number three, then the act of faith 
must be repeated to three! 

4. The dt-ath of Christ is called a 
baptism. Luke 12: 50. We are bap- 
tized— "planted"— "iu the likenes.s of 
his death." Rom. (1:5. As Christ died 
for sin only once, baptism, "the likeneW 
of it, must be performed only once. 

:">. BHptism is called "a burial and 
resurrection," pointing tq the burial aud 
resurrection of Christ. Therefore as Je- 
sus was buried and rose but once bap- 
tism must be performed but once. 

(>. Baptism is a pledge and monu- 
ment of the resurrection of the dead. 1 
Cor. ir>: 2:1. Therefore, as the dead are 
to rise but once, we must have but "one 
baptism" to represent it. 

7. Baptism declares our death to sin, 
Rom. 0: 2, 3. Therefore, as we die to 
sin but once, we are to be "buried with 
him in baptism" but once. 

"The Tunkers make "born of water" 
mean baptism. John 3: 5. lAIr. Miller, 
the Tunker author, in his work called 
Doctrine of ihe Brethren Defended, p. 
87, says: "No two things could be more 
alike than a birth aud rising out of 
the water in which we have been buried" 
So the Tunkers must be born of God 
three times! 

9. The passage of the Israelites under 
the cloud and through the sea, was a 
baptism unto MoseR.and a type of Chris- 
tian baptism. 1 Cor. 10: 1, 2. Did they 
come out of Egypt three times? Did 
they pans through the sea three times? 

10. The salvation of the ark was"the 
like figure" as baptism. Was Noah sav- 
ed in the ark three times i 

11. Paul says: "One Lord, one faith, 
one baptism." 

It has been established beyond all rea- 
sonable doubt, that Baptist churches 
possess the one burial with Christ in 

C/taracierislic III: Baptist ch-mohes 
posseas the communion — Lord's Supper 
— demanded in the Neio Testament. — 
The night of his betrayal, in the upper 
room, while at the passover, Jesus "took 
bread and gave thanks, and break it, 
and gave it unto them, saying, This is 
my body which is given for you; this do 
in remembrance of me. Likewise also 
the cup after supper saying. This cup is 
the New Testament in my blood, which 
is shed for you." Luke 22: 19, 20. At 
the same table at the close of the com- 
munion he said: 

"And I appoint unto you a kingdom, 
as my Father hath appointed unto me, 
that ye may eat and drink at my table 
in my kingdom, and sit on thrones judg- 
ing the twelve tribes of Israel," Luke 
22; 20,30. 

The Baptist churches hold and prac- 
tice the observance of the Lord's supper, 
as a church ordinance, at his table in hia 
kingdom. On Pentecost they that glad- 
ly received the word were baptized, aud 
added unto the church, 

"Aud they continued steadfastly in 
the apostle's doctnne,and fellowship, and 
in breaking of bread, and of prayers." 
Acts 2: -H, 42. 

There the "breaking of bread," in 
communion, was as they continued stead- 
fastly, in the apostles doctrine and fel- 
lowship. This IS precisely the practice 
of Baptist churches. When the Corin- 
thian church came together to eat a full 
meal to satisfy hunger, with other im 
proprieties, the apostles pronounced it 
"not to eat the Lord's supper." See I 
Ci^r. 11th chapter. It is almost univer- 
sal ly admitted that Baptist churches pos- 
f-= the ordinance of the Lord's supper. 

Mr. Stein's objection to Baptist church - 
>;, because they believe the word of God, the kingdom of Christ has continu- 
ed to the present time, is so supremely 

Jan- 27 

liriJ^: IjJrtJbJi'tlKi^^S ^VT AV4yHli.. 

riJiculoua o-t to nee 1 do reply. Ther<i 
neitiiHr in now, nor has thtjre ever heen 
another lienoniiaatiou just like the Bafj 
tistf, hut the Baptists have "existed dur 
ing tLe first fifteen centuriea of Christi 


ijy 0. a. BALSDAUon. 

better. They appropriate "the livery 
of heaven to serve the devil in." They 
ijsiir|> titles and honors that belong to 
(jud. They pretend to reach the deep- 
est wants of humanity, and to otfer the 
moat feasible means for the highest de- 
lopetnent of character "Me that sit- 
test in tlie Heaven shall laugh: the Lojd 
hall have them in deriaion." 

A BROTHER who signs himself 
"frkk fipEKoii," propounds some 
questions in relation to '^secret, oath- 
hound societies,*^ and begs an immediate 
response. I have neither time, nor 
strength, nor dispuaition to expatiate on 
the subject. I am glad to kqow that the 
Brother boldly champions the Truth, al 
though be at one time was a member of 
i.ine of these anti-christian monstrosities. 
1, "It is here clainaed thatmieh in- 
stitutions are eminently benevolent, and 
doini; a greater work than the church." 
Vi-rdy this is spitting into the face of 
the Si»n of God, and putting him to an 
open shame. Those who make such pre 
tensions must be culpably ignorant, or 
hopelessly steeped in the qniutesseuceof 
falsehood and infidelity. To ponder the 
course of history before and alter the Xn- 
cai-uatiou, is a sufficient refutation of 
such a wild, baseless assertion. Thut 
"God was manifest ip the flesh" is as 
demonstrable by historical evidence as 
that Washington was first president of 
the United States. The allowance of 
this fact must of necessity be compli 
mented by the presence of the Holy 
Spirit in the church through all the cen 
turics since the Day of Pentecost. If 
not, then God is a liar, for this was His 
emjihiitic promise as the efficient Power 
to represent His Person and extend His 
kingdom in His absence. Either histo- 
ry must be ignored, or these abominable 
Pharisees must be acknowledged doing 
a greater work than God Himself. If 
they are and do whtit they claim, they 
are idiead of Deity, or there is no more 
leliability in history than in the silly 
nanalione of Baron Munchausen. 
2. "Has Freemasonary been revealed!" 
This is too indefinite. Revealed by 
whom, and to what intent? If it means 
revealed from Heaven as a means of el 
evating humanity, I reply with all the 
fervor of my soul, «o, NO, NO, with all 
the thunderous emphasis of the Divine 
vocabulary of negatives. Secret socie- 
ties have never brought a single soul to 
Christ, never ii^ualified a soul for Heaven, 
but have Icept thousands out. 

S. Should ministers preach against 
this sin? 

That depends. In many places it is 
not necessary, and many ministers are 
not qualified. But where required, and 
the requisite knowledge for the task is 
possessed, let tbe ministry of the God- 
man hurl the very anathemas of Jehovah 
against this hell-burn, Christ- trampling, 
Gospel-n>dlifying abomination. "Cry 
aloud and spare not." It is simply 
question of the Divine authenticity of 
the Bible and the supremacy of Christ, 
or the superiority of human organizations. 
"If the Lord be God," then let the blast 
of Omnipotence turn secret orders into 
ashes. "But if Baal be god," then let 
Emmanuel "with shame take the lowest 
seat" and let antichrist be exalted to 
the throne of Divinity, 

4, "Are. you aware of the fact that 
there is now a powerful effort bein 
made to overthrow this form of sin?" 

I am, and may God speed the confla 
gration of all modem Socloms and Go 
ulmraha. The sooner these soul destroy 


"The3e were redeemed from among men; be 
ing tbe first fruita unto Goil and to Hie Lamb. 
And in their moath waa fouud no guile; for 
tliey are witlioiit fault before the throne of God." 
R^v. U:i.r,. 

TIN the preceding chapter we have giv 
-■- en us a description of that terrible 
power, whik,h for ages spread its dark 
pall of ignorance, superstition and sin 
over our earth. But now in this chapt- 
er from which our text is selected ,a 
bright and glorious scene is presented 
to our view. The contrast is very great. 
We turn with sickening horrors from the 
former picture. We had almost conclud- 
ed, as we viewed its gigantic propor- 
tion, as we contemplated its absolute 
sway, that our earth was given over to 
ita domination. But as we turn our eyes 
from this Sjid, sad bight, what a bright 
view meeta our ga/.c Not all have bow- 
ed the knee to Baal; not all have fallen 
prostrate before this Colossus, a rem- 
nant is left, according to the election of 
grace. God will always reserve to him 
self, even in the darkest and moat degen- 
erate times, a few faiihful ones, — a few 
hose threats cannot intimidate, — favors 
cannot captivate. A few who love not 
theii' lives unto the death. Such was 
the company that Jolin saw on Mount 
Zion. And we are told, these are they 
which follow the Lamb whithers0ev.;r 
he goeth. These were followers of the 
Lamb, not followers of the beast. And 
while the followers of the beast had their 
names in theii' foreheads and in their 
hands; chese had the Father's name writ- 
ten in their foreheads. 

But what is it to follow the Lamb 
whithersoever he goeth? It is to yield 
a perfect obedience to all his require- 
ments, to bow in humble submission to 
all his behests. It is a perfect abandon- 
ment of ourselves into his hands. Those 
who thus follow the Lamb, esteem his 
service their highest privilege, their 
highest honor. They think jo sacrifice 
too great, Uu labor too arduous. Like 
the great apostle, they count all thiiigs 
but loss, only so "they may know him 
and the power of his resurrection, and 
the fellowship of his sufferings, being 
made conformable unto his death." Yes, 
it is sweet to have fellowship with Christ, 
even in suffering. To this fact all the 
noble baud of martyrs have borne abun- 
dant testimony. But they are pronounc- 
ed faultless, and they are so pronounced 
by God himself. These were those whom 
the world denouced. Their names had 
been cast out as evil, they had been con 
sidered as the filth of the world, and as 
the offscouring of all things. But their 
Leader who perfectly comprehended 
them, pronounced them pure. In his 
sight they were without fault. How 
different God sees things from what man 
sees them. Frequently those whom the 
world approves, God condemns, and 
those whom God approves flie world 

If our characters are defamed, our best 
and holiest purposes questioned, painful 
though these things be, they should be 
ing institutions are whelmed in the lire to us rather a matter of rejoicing than of 
,nd brimstone of Divine judgment, the j sorrow. Peter tells us "to count it all 

joy when wefallintodivers temptations:'" 
for the trial of our faith worketh pa 
tiencp, and we are told to let patience 
have her perfect work that we may be 
perfect and entire wanting in nothing. 

Jesus knows our frame and remem- 
bers that we are but dust, and if our mu- 
tivps, our designs, our purp^-^esare pure, 
hewillnot markourshor'-comings against 
It IS human to err, and the very 
best of us sometimes err. And then it 
is exceedingly difficult, nay, impossible 
at all times to know just what is richt. 
There are so many conflicting views and 
opinions. After having put forth every 
effort to know the truth, we sometimes 
find that we have been mistaken. But 
have we not reason to believe, that .le 
sus who knows our hearts, our purposes, 
our efforts will pronounce ua faultless if 
we have done what we can. 

Yes, blessed thought, while he requires 
of us that we do what we can; he does 
not demand impossibilities. Sweet Je- 
sus, be my portion, lead me and guiae 
me. Andoh,that by thee I may lie pro- 
nounced faultless, that I umy stand in 
thee complete. 



rpHERE is much said and written on 
-^ the above subject, and too little of 
it done. Plans are gotten up to raise 
money to put the work on foot, and in 
particular is this the case with the city 
mission. It seems money is the great 
hindering cause, that locks the wheels 
of this great and noble work. I have 
had some little experience in it, though 
not so much as some other brethren; but 
I have given it much thought for some 
years, and I can only see one plan by 
which it can ever be made a success. 
And it will require but little money if 
any to put it on foot, and the work will 
support itself in a short time. 

Let every minister of the Brotherhood 
use all his spare time when he is not 
needed to fill home appointments', go to 
the next town or school- district or town- 
ship where the Bi'ethren have never 
preached, and so from one school-dis- 
trict to another until be has gone over 
the entire country w^iere he lives, and 
continue meetings long enough to hold 
forth the full form of doctrine as itisde- 
livere<l unto us by the Lord and his apos- 
tles. And I guarantee every brother 
then will be supported while he is in the 
field, should it be six months or a year. 
In this way no brother needs to force his 
preaching on any one. But while he 
holds forth the truth in one neighbor- 
hood, he will be invited to come to oth 
er districts to preach. Now, brethren 
this I know by experience. I could 
spend one year very profitably, and 
would not cost me or my church 
home one cent to travel to get to the 
work. I will not need horse and buggy, 
much less money to pay railway fare. 
But it can all be accomplished by the 
example of Christ and the apostles in 
their travels. The people are even kind 
enough to forbid the prtacher to walk 
from one place to the other. 

I am fully convinced that if the 
Brethren follow this plan that they will 
soon have organized churches in every 
county of the different States of the 
Union in which they have organized 
churches. And not only so, but if this 
plan is properly managed, in less than 
five years we can have organized church- 
es in tlie different States where the peo- 
ple never heard or saw one ^-f our min- 
isters. But Brethren, let me tell you as 

iKHtj as the present course is pursued, of 
only going vvheie we are i ailed on to 
preach, where we have churcUe-'* or iso- 
lated membei-s, ami we get aboard the 
cai-s or otherwise, and travel ov,t the 
country from forty to one hundred railea 
befure we stop to preach one sermon, or 
to make ourselves known as miniMiers, 
we can do but little And the question 
often comes up, Why do we travel over 
all this space of country, and not have 
any members? The question tome ha^ 
been a very solemn one since the Breth- 
ren expended so much to establish a 
church in Denmark. Is a soul worth, 
more in Denmark than the maijy tlious- 
ands that are overlooked and neglected 
at home? Nay verily; not a brother or 
a sister will for one moment think so. 
Why is it then that this all-important 
work receives so little attention in our 
own country? I am in favor not only 
to write, but let us get to work ; and all 
do more of it, for it will never pay a 
man to say and do not. I will, if God 
spares me, try and do more of the above 
kind of missionary work than 1 did here- 
tofore in proportion to my time; fori 
know my mission is but short here, and 
I feel the responsibility of the same. 

My co-laborers, awake and go to 
work; every one do his part to carry tiie 
gospel to all our American people; for 
I know this we can do without much 
money to begin with. Do not under- 
stand me that I am opposed for every 
member that is blessed with this world's 
goods, to bear his share of the l>ujden, 
but let not the want of money stop the 
woi'k of the Lord. 

1 never saw a servant of the Lord 
forsaken that fully dedicated himself to 
the service of the Lord. And if the 
ministers here in the West will wait 
till the churches vnW raise money enough 
to pay the minister to go by railway, 
most of us I fear would not preach 
much. And not many of the peoph 
away fifty or one hundred miles fron 
where tbe [ireacher lives would evei 
hear the gospel. 

It is net an evidence of worldly mind- 
edness to be diligent in business. An in- 
dustrious and frugal Christian is an hon- 
or to bis profession. Worldly minded- 
nets comes along when the products of 
our labors are hoarded up or are expend- 
ed for unrighteous puipotes or withheld 
from the Lord's treasury. Brethren, have 
you any deposits in that treasury? If 
not, you may become worldly-mimled, 
or carnally -minded which is death. 

Some people act as though all a Chrifl- 
tian has to do is to be baptized and to 
obey the church ordinances. They nev- 
er seem to think of the lost ones out in 
the highways and the hedges. 1'hey re- 
mind uaof the man who prayed for himself 
and his wife; his eon John and his son 
John's wife. Let us brethreu, lemera- 
ber that we are our brother's keeper and 
send our monthly contributions lu S. T. 
Bosserman who la anxious to inaugiiraU 
the "City Mission Service." 

It is a common error that we shall b» 
judged only for our misdeeds. Few 
think of the sin of neijUcAiryj duties. Dis- 
obedience of commandmentfl involves 
the "Thou shalt" and "Then shalt not," 
Many a Christian would be inconsolable 
were he to disobey the l^th chapter of 
John, yet he would never tor a moment 
suppose thatheooght to trouble himself 
about missionary work or the conversion 
of ninneip, when at the same time it is 
of inflniiely more importance to the 
world that the misaionay cause ahonld 
flourish than that he should have hm 
feet washed. The first .thou'd be done, 
and the second should not be leftxiD- 

THE BKETHlililN^ ^'X' AVOHIi. 

Jan. -27 

009ml ^uijij^sa. 

And tbey that be viae sliall ehine aa the 
brightness of the firmament; and they that turn 
inAD7 bo rlghteooBnees, aa the stars forever and 
ever.— Dan. 12:3. 

Allen Co., Ohio — Twenty were added to the 
church by baptism during a series of meptinE;s 
in the Sugar Creek Church. Brother Isaac 
RoHenberger iisHisted the home brethren. 

North Manchester, Ind. — The members of 
Ogan's Creek Church were made glad by BeeJng 
one added to tlicir number on the 11th inst. 


Argus, Ind. — The Lord, by the labors of 
brother Philip Erhaugh, has blessed the Wnl- 
nut Creek Church with ten more memhera. We 
had good meetings and look for others to make 
the good confeasion. A. Swihart. 

A Late Discovery. 

AND now. in this nineteenth century, it 
comes to pFuss that one Fogle has made 
the important discovury that all the rest of 
niankind is, and have been making the fatal 
mistake of using the commiasiou fgiven by 
Christ to the apostles in Matt. '2S: 19) for their 
authority to baptize converts; he boldly assert- 
ing from the sacred desk that auch a practice is 
incorrect, and that no formula except "in the 
name of Jusus Christ," should be used to legal- 
ize or make valid any Christian baptism. 

The facts seem to be about thus, if my infor- 
mation is correct. Some years since he received 
'single immerjiiou at the hands of an adminis- 
trator who used Matt. 28:19. after which lie 
Jiot only became a preacher, but an adminis- 
trator of baptism himself, using the same com- 
mission in administering baptism until within 
about two j'ears he made the above discovery, 
since which time he makes use of simply "In 
the name of Jesus Christ." It is thought that 
he became convinced of the three actions m 
the commission, and in order to be consistent 
with his theory of single immersion he baa 
adopted the latter as a formula, Truly consist- 
ency is a precious treasure and should be sought 
for and embraced by all, and in striving for 
that, as all other Christian attributes, we should 
"strive lawfully." But to abrogate the author- 
ity of the Lord Jesus and adopt something el?e 
as a mere subterfuge is assuming a prerogative 
that destroys the excellency and beauty ot the 
priceless jewel. Thurston Millkr. 

Oakwood. Ind. 

A Solemn Caution. 

'pO the general brotherhood. Reflect before 
.L you net and think of the probable conse- 
quences. The fact has come under our notice 
that there are certain nialcoutenls who are 
industriously at work sowing the seeds of dis- 
cord and division throughout the length and 
breadth of oar beloved Fraternity by sending 
petitions wherever they can get agents to en- 
gage in their .work; proposing to demand that 
A.M. shall enforce the following restrictions: 
prohibiting the higher gride of educational 
institutions, Sunday-schools, the single mode 
of feet-washing, the supper being on the table 
at feetrwashing, and the wearing of the full 
beard, &c. 

All will a=suredly know that audi iheans will 
not be recognized nor indulged by A. JI., and 
then what? Probably the next step ivitl be 
secession and a new organization with its fear- 
ful results, the disorganization of districts, di- 
vision of congregations, the disruption of 
families, the destruction of love, the bittec dis- 
satisfaction, and tlie paralization of every 
Christian virtue. Let me appeal to you in the 
name of our blessed Master, not to tarnish your 
Christian escutcheon by putting your hand to 
snch an inetrument, lest when too late you 
may subject yourself to painful regrets. My 
experience and observation has in part led me 
to the above reflections. 1 have known similar 
petitions to be extensively circulated; many 
sincere aod devoted brethren and sisters influ- 
enced b^ an unguatded confideuce in those 
under whose leadership they were, signed their 
names to those petitions and were afterwards 
sorry and ashamed of it. Be slow to make 
haste; make it a matter of solemn prayer and 
be sure you are doing the will of G(id and not 
the will of man. B. F. Moouaw. 

Bousacks, Va. 

Prom Elkhart, Indiana. 

ON Saturday, January 10th. we held a coun- 
cil meeting in the Elkhart Valley District 
for the purpose of electing one to the ministry 

The choice fell on brother John Fleethouse, 
who, we believe, feels the weight of his calliou. 
May the Lord help him to do his Masters will. 
In the evening after the council we com- 
menced a series of meeting*', Brother George 
Cripe, D. D. Shively and John Metzler were 
with us. Two united with the church, one 
reclaimed and many more are counting the 
cost. Meetings closed this evening, entirely too 
soon, as the attendance was growing larger and 
a great interestwas manifested. Brother Cripe 
goes from here to New Paris to hold a series of 
meetings. May the Lord bless bim in his la- 
bora. D. M. Putehhauoii. 

From Wlnficld, Kansas. 

ON New Year's day we met in council and a 
season of loie it truly was. The breth- 
ren all felt thankful for the blessings bestowed 
upon them during the past year and formed 
new resolutions to let our lights shine and be- 
come more useful servants to our Master's 
cause. We next paid our quarterly dues, and 
sent it to W. J. H. Buuman to help him to 
come to us to assist our beloved minietera to 
spread the true word of God. Also sent five 
dollars to the Southern Kansas Mission Fund. 
Truly the harvest is great and the reapers are 
few. We have two ministers and three dea- 
cons. Our ministers are young but zealous 
and faithful workers. May the Lord help all 
our ministering brethren to ieed the flocks 
with wholesome food is my prayer. 

Jlihk Kaston. 

From West Pir e, Wisconsin. 

Dear Brethren: — 

OF late we have had a refreshing season. On 
the 6th Bro. D. M. Miller came here from 
Valtou, and remained until the 17th, He 
preached in the Disciple meeting-house at 
Woodstock every evening and we were made to 
rejoice by seeing five come out and renounce 
the sinful pleasures of the world and be buried 
beneath the clear waters of West Pine. May 
the Lord bless them and help them prove 
faithful 'till death is my prayer. 

J. E. D. Short. 

City Mission Fund. 

PLEASE acknowledge the receipt of the 
following monies since last report: 

J. C. Dean. Lanark, III, Sl.OO 

Isaac Luti5, Shannon, III., 1.00 

Mary E. Leedy, " 50 

E. L. Fahenstock, LaDue, Mo., 5.00 

Sarah R, Well", White House, Pa, 1.00 

J. H. Meyer.^ Milledgeville, HI, 50 

J. R. Gish, Roanoke, 111 1.00 

Woodford Co. Church, Roanoke, HI, iOO 

Frederick Huber, Wawaka, Ind, 1.00 

A. H. aissel, Harleysville. Pa 1.00 

A Young brother, Jones Mills, Pa, 5.00 

Henry Whisler, Uuionville, Iowa 1.00 

G. W. Kephart, Altoopa, Pa, 1.00 

J. A. Riley and wife, Qoshen, Ind, 2.00 

T. A. Robinson, Chandlerville, HI, 1.00 

A Friend, Spring Run, Pa, 1.00 

David Graft, Hooversburg, Ind, 50 

James F. Dickey. " 50 

Clear Creek Church, Ind. 10.40 

Mary Helsor, Hilliaid, Ohio 1.00 

P. R. Wrightsman, South Bend, Ind, 1.00 

David Feebler, Lodyville, Oregon, l.Oli 

Sarah Pearson, Lanca%ter, Pa, 2.00 

Fiauna F. Barr, " 1.00 

Annie E. Evens, " 1.00 

AuuaM. Shirk " 100 

Eld. Lewis Kimmel, Eldertou, Pa, 1.00 

Total, S47.a5 

Amount previously reported, §201.57 

Total, S2i^20 



Id cbolAnL—IteT. 11:13. 

SMITH —In Dunkirk, Uh^. Jan. 13rb,~ATii 
miuta A., daughter of Walter and Mary 
E. Smith, aged 1 year, 10 months and 16 
days. Funeral discourse by the writer. 


BLOUGH.— In Carroll Co.. Ill, Jan. 6th, 1880, 
Jacob, son of Philip and Miry Bloagb, aged 
2^ year?, 10 months and £l days, Funeral oc- 
casion improved by Eld. Michael Kimmel, 
from Job 14. J. H. Pece. 

DERR. — Near LaGrange, Indiana, Januarj' 
15th, sister Mary Ann Derr, aged 66 years. 
Funeral services Romans 7: "24. 

MORTIMER— In ^Visrousin; Dec. 2'\ ISTH, son of friends Jolm aud Rhuda Mor- 
timer, aged 1 year, 9 months and 37 days. 
Funeral service by brotfapr D. M. Milter to a 
lar ge concourse of sympathizing friends. 
J. E. D. Short. 

A. E. Ke.^ov. 
BERT. -Near Abilene. Dickenson Co., Kansas. 

Jan. lOth, 1S80, Peter Rert, a worthy brother 

of the River Brethren Church, aged H7 years, 

10 months aud 14 days. 

During his sickness of over two weeks, he 
was deeply concerned about the unity and wel- 
fare of the Church, not only of his own, but 
also of us the old Brethren, should not speak 
publicly against them, or they against cs. He 
told me to tell our ministers, and he would 
aud did theirs, they should not do it, as the 
world did not know the difference between us 
and them as it U, and it would make wounds 
instead of union. These were about his last 
words to one of his brethren and the writeras 
he bade us a long farewell, John Forney. 

COOK.— In the Spring Run Congregation, 
Fulton Co., III., Dec. 30. '7il, sister Maria. 
wife ot brother Wm. G. Cook, aged 31 years, 
.8 months and 22 days. 

g^if iHtatiii l^ofi^^s. 



Thirty-ieven Hundred and fifty-eight. Part 
III. Puritan Boston; If I Should Lose Thee; 
The South Devil; The Parting Day; Pessimism; 
The undiscovered country; Wordsworth. Helen 
of Tyre; Benjamin Bobbins Curtis; Dicken's 
Letters; Mr. Fiske's Essays; The Strong Gov- 
ernment Idea; A Pleafor Immortality; James 
Hawthorne; Interpreted, 
The Contruiutors' Cluh. 

The Burden of Letter-Writing; Mothers in 
Fiction; Pet Words; English Manners aud 
other Manners. 


The Hoi,me.s Breakfast. (With Diagram of 

Tables and Names of Guests,) 
The Occasion. — Introductory Remarks by Mr. 
Houghton— Dr. Holme's Poem.- The Iron 
Gate. — Dr. Holme's Reminiscence. — Mr. Whit- 
tier's Poem: Our Aufecrat.— The Editor of the 
Atlantic. — Mr. Howell's Resp onse,- Mrs. 
Howe's Poem.— Mr. Warner's Speech.— Mrs. 
Jackson's Poem: to Oliver Wendoll Holmes on 
his Seventieth Birth-day.— President Elliot's 
Speech. — Mark Twain's Explanation: Mr. Har- 
per's Speech.— Mr. Stedmau's Poem; Mr. Al- 
drich's Speech: Mr. Winter's Poem— The 
Chieftan: Mr. Trowbridge's Poem: Filling an 
Order: Some of the Letters: R. B, Hayes, John 
Homes. George W, Curtis, George Bancroft, 
Mr. Granch's Sonnet: Col. Higginson's Speech: 
The End: Unread Tributes: Mr. Field's Fairy 
Tale: Letters of Regret: Rebecca Harding Da- 
vis, Carl Schurz, E. P. Whipple, Noah Porter, 
George Ripley, Henry Watterson, George H. 
Boker. Francis Hodgson Burnett, L. Maria 
Child, Mary A. Dodge, Parke Godwin, Donald 
C. Mitchell, John J. Piatt, Richard Grant 
White, D. C. Oilman, J. W. DeForeat, Fredk. 
Douglass, J. G. Holland, Geo. W. Childs, John 
Hay. W. W.Story. New York Office: 31 As- 
tor Place. — Single number, 35 cents. 400 per 


The Catholic Church and Modern Society. 

The Th-i-dTerm. 

M. de Lesseps and his Canal. 

Now and Then in America. 

The Emancipation Proclamation. 

Recent En;:lish Booli. 

Sacred Books of China and India 

Machiavelli and bis Times. 

The Homeof theEddaa. 
New York, 54!' and .^51, Broadway. — Single 
copy 50 ct-ute. §5.00 per year. 


The Origin of Criminal Law. 
Saporta's World of Plants before the appear- 
ance of Man. { Illustrated I 

How Typhoid Fever is conveyed. 

Hanoverian Village Life. 

aps and Map Making before Mercator. (R 


Ancient M-Jhodu of Filtralion. 

John Stuart Mill. VI. 

Imperfections of Modern Harmony. 

Daylight in the School-room. 

Hygiene in the Higher Education of Women. 

Artesian Wells and the Great Sahara. 

The Origin of the Gypsies. 

Prehistoric Reconls. 

Sketch of B.'njamiu Silliunm, 


Editor's Table. 

Literary Notices. 

Popular Miscellany. 


New York. 549 and 661 Broadway. 
Single uumbar, 50 cents. 

SDiki, hn;lilets, Tract), ttc, for Sale at tliii II 

Any Religious or llistoricnl work in priul sent on recolpl 
of publiBhor'sretnil price. Inaon.liQgfor books rtlTrftjt 
givelBi, Tho n^tne of tlio booli. 2od. Tlio namo of tho 
Hutbor. :i. Tbonaarcs) ortbcpubliahorfi. 

Kev Tunc aodByma Bosk.— Half Lenihor, sinBlo, posi 
pni<l, I'urdutcn, by ctpTojs, S12.00. Morooao, 
Bingle cupj.posl pniil, Si,60. I'ur Uowii, by eiprcsB. 

The Goopel Froachor 7ol. l.—A booli of iiTi<iity wall 
prtpurcJ Ptruion-,. Uy Dcujiimin Fmnklin, 52.00. 

Fhilosaphv of tha Flan or SolvailoiL— l',^ino. ByJ. D. 
Wftikor. Tbit. ». u ivork of uncommon mcril, olcitr, in- 
9lnioli»e, mid Bbiiiibi ho in Iho hands of ril BibU 
Hludcnlfl, fl1,&U. 

The Threao of D»7ld. - from llio oonscorallon of Ibo 
Sbppbenl of Dcthkb,.m to ilio Robelllon of Princo Ab- 
ealum. By iho Rev. J, U. Ingrnlmm, LLU. Willi flvo 
ipeodid illjstralion, lima. Clotli. S2.00. 
Address, BRETllltRN iT WORK, 

Lanark, C'lirroU Co., Illinois. 



pURItRETIiatlNAT WOIIK li n nocomproiDldng tAiatmU- at 

IMmiilvi, Chrlithiully \a atl lb midarii partly, 
II tfMgnim till XsM TslADKini u Uis oolf InblllMe nilg of tilth 

Aud dliIdK 

•rrolttn, n 


ThMlhoilcsrtomfulItrlnpancI Duritartdumotkiof Obri»l»rolh» 
m\Y pries <ir redDUirlloa: 

TLBlFaLlli, RviHintancDanil Bnpllim aro eaaiUllani »r lardon, mi 
lencu n>r Ihn mnliilaii of iliu: 

TlmtTrlno ImmDnlon, cr ilipplng ihocauilMsltitliii's Uhih hcn-lbr- 
rnrJ.ti ChrilHaD IkipUtm: 


.u13, It 

I illrinu 

Tli4>IiauI.^nrtHil|ilH!rlin full mmil. iiuil, In cnDnpcUoD xllb llie 
>imiaiiiiliiD.ibDulill>(TlnkL-ii la Uid cFoninK. "rut llin ctcaoor tbailij: 
Tbnl Ihu SalDlaltun ot lliu Holy Kid, or KInuI Cburily, b lilaillog 

lalmry to lbs (plrlt miJ Ml(-dDU|In| 

1 njipcnru dlrcclRl Id I Oor, II: 4, ?. 
lu lutiucnliTt llioKriplunliloljur . 

or Divdcm Cliriilondoni, iv polDt out giuuiid thai 

balnfillllilr ur<i. 

Prit p, ilnglg eopy, one year 

IM anrl' dlMord 
mutlconcnlD to 


I n'Bu'irly iiuJ pniDiitlly npiil U 
lot netlvc It, Ih^r ihuuia Ont u 

niliKrirlliin mplrn 

If you 

t, Couoly, a 

ir wlilrui, alirnya glrp Ui« Nanii 

i. Our leiDu aco cA«i[ IS *nrA»ti; onlm hy >iw(Ib1 ■mnRem 
ir only B pari of ILo juir-* ■ulacripllon I> unt, wo (ball glia cr 
only for Ihr amuiinl nmlllpd, Wa pay all pMlnKO .m Ihn paper, 

5. Wi'wani acenu BTurT-nhrn;. Ercry loipooillilo p*non, o1 
yomig, can act •■ local aKflnl. Tbono dolring tmict lu a|ii>nta 
pIcMo Knil tu lit tor tetini.Buil rampleeuplM- Wr aipullllnf; lo 

6, SloMln ■uUcripliuoi too In sdianec, Th«n wudlOK <• 
mima anil SIS-W, vlll recflir. an Film copy ttie. Vur lacL 
dllioaal namn tb? agent fill be allDitKl tgn per ccnl,, irbkb anir 
I.? Rill jilKiiu roliiln and ipod ui Ibo Lalaoc.^, Ui:>n>r lent by I 
oOlc* Ordnn, RrEMrni] Lall«n, ud Itnru, |>rep<tly addrct 


Lanark, Carroll Co., III. 

Ibxblldno. Editadaad 



iplt tan '""^ fl*t on IP 

J. H. SInorc, Lanark, Carroil Co., I1L 

oULhed Ly J. H. Mooro. 

suwEfiw'lirtoiirVntV.' ■',',*■,' 

ARtnh waDl<vt In orirj Isul.lly, 



DaT Kipron HKF.IS. 

Nlgbt Cipre* lH»A.lf. 

Aect-mmoiiaaoo IMkSA-lI, 

EAST Bomn). 

DayCiprMa liUP.M. 


Accoainiodalion U» P. M. 

Tlckcu arr aold fat atera inlni only PaiaeniK Iralna make clsa* 
D'oaMlloaalWerifrn UnlDoJancilciD. G. » KUITrf.Airni 

I'assencera for Chicago should leave Lanark at 
1^:1.'! I'. iL;riin loltie Wt-s[t-rTi I'nion .Junction; 
htrt- they need \s:i\X liut Jive Kiliiutes for the Cbi- 
cagfi, ililivaukee and .M. Pjiiil piissenger train, and 
tliii.s rea<!i Ciiieagoiit 7:4,'. [[(e.-iiime evening. To 
n-;ich Lanark from Ctiieago; go to Ft. Wayne de- 
[loi, take the Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul 
train at five in the evening: run Xorth to theW. 
L". Jtinction. change ears for Lanark, and arriv 
here at 1 :57 in the morning. 

The Brethren At Work. 

^'Declare Ye Amon-j the Nations, and Fub/ish, and stt up a Stawlmd; Publinh, and Conveal Not.'^ — Jkhk 

Vol. V. 

Lanark, 111., February 3, 1880. 

No. 6 






B.T. D«wnn.n,Duuklrt,OWo. D. B. M.i.t«r,W.Jii»l»ra, P». 

BDOcb Bb,,L.nm,Ll. D«J>I VuUmMi. Vlrf»n. ni. 

D.B.UIt«B,Ni..t«ni», Mo. J. 8. n-7, '"'"P""?'',^^ „, 

W.O.T«W.Mt.UotTi.,Ill. JohnM.tM". C«m. Go. Jo. I". 

B.B.Moblef, Cor(i«llii,Mo. Jtn, lltiiJricVl, 

JuhnWI.".MaH-!rf7Gr,.«,Ill. D, Drow.r. 8*1==.. Oreggo. 
J. W. .St,mh«i»d. Llnoilinlllr, Iml, 


Fi:-3T I'AGE- Missionary ^V,.rk-A. J. IIixoii; 
Come into the Fold.- Josq>bJ"lin; How a Sis- 
ter wiiH Uetmyed.— All or a Piirt— Mary C. 
Norman; TlieNeed of tliollour. 

Sbookd pAQE-ComeiintoMe.-.I. W.Soutliwood; 
Hot Hearts. Emily U. StilliT-. What Sliall I 
IVriloV S. T. Boasoiiniin; HiUiculeil Out of It.— 
Daniel JJright. 

Tair.D Page— A Right New Discovery —B. F. 
Moomaw; "Enter Thou Inlo the Joys of Thy 
Lord."-F. E.Teague; Going to a Better Coun- 
trv.-C. It'. Suiilee; Scnqis.- D. C. Moomaw. 

FouitTu Page- Editohials— The Design of 
Christian Baptism ; liooU, not ISooke ; 

FiFTiiPAQE-EDiTortiALS-History of the Church. 
In College. 

Sixth PAOE-HappLuess; A Trne Education.— 
Wealthy A. Clarke; Be Gentle at Hoce; Cut- 
ting Off; Avoid. the Law; From Paleatine.- 
J. W.McGarvey. 

Seventh Paoe— FromErvin, Ind.— Daniel Bock; 
What has become of the Ci y Mia.Hion.— S. T. Bos- 
sormari; Prom Elk Lick, Pa.-S. C. Keim; From 
Beech Grove Church, Ohio.— Isabel li-vin; From 
Bro. J.P. Horniug; From Lynches Station, Va. 

EiouTiiP.voE-A Few Fragments.— Daniel Bright 
FiouiMay Hill. Ohio.-A. J.Hixoii;Froui D. P. 
Saylor; Faom Mt. Morris to Dnnkifk.-D. D. 
Thomas; A Swiulde. 


BY A. J. niXON. 

THIS rainy evening seated at my table the 
thought occurred to niy mind that I 
promised many of my western bretliren to write 
something on my relurn home on 'missionary 
worit, which is altogether in accordance with 
my teelinga when once engaged. Whatshalibe 
the starting point? We cau conceive nothing 
better than the language of Jesus as it fell from 
his lips on the Mt. from which lie ascended. 
"Go ye therefore, teach all natious, baptizing 
them into the name of the Father, and of the 
Sou, and of the Holy Ghost." This grand com- 
mission is just as imperative upon us of the 
nineteenth century, as it was upon those to 
whom it was addressed in the incipiency of 
Cnristiauily. It was given to the apostles, not 
as disciples, or ministers merely, but as the in- 
spired IViunders, and iustrwctors, of all the chil- 
dren ot God in organized or unorganized rela- 
tions to the end of time. This prominently 
sublime commission is the Magna Chaita to 
the churches of Christ's kingdom ou earth, iu 
which his laws and ordinances are observed and 
e 11 forced. 

Hence in our opinion the obligations to 
preach the gospel to uU the world, rests upon 
the churches. 

The apostles made disciples and baptized them 
and organized them in the several localities, in 
which they labored, into churches, which when 
aggregated, constituttd the clmrch, guided and 
direct* d by the same unerring spirit and attend- 
ed by the promise "Go, I am with you alway, 
(jveu unto the end of the world." 

The ministry is merely an olhce in the eaurch, 
Bubjoct to the church, and under the direction 
of the church, far from bting over the church, 
OS some will have it, but the servants of the 
church for Jesus sake, and this view is fully 
sustained by Scripture and never transcended 
by anr of the early minister?. Paul commend- 

ed the church at Corinth for its having kept the 
ordinances as he had delivered them to it. 

The minifiters as the servants of the church 
are called to their office by the churcn directed 
by the Spirit, and as such are required to ad- 
minister its ordinances and ceremonies. Hence 
it is readily seen that the church does all these 
thingfl by her agents. Now if the Gospel is to 
be preached by the church through her minis 
ters it becomes an absolute necessity that the 
church provide for the support of its servants 
if they devote themselves wholy to the work as 
i i writtet; "The laborer is worthy of I. b 
hire, for even so hath the Lord ordained that 
they who preach the gospel should live by the 
gospel." With these plain Scriptures to guide, 
how long shall it be before the Brotherhood 
will organize a practical mission serviced Every 
issue almost of our periodicals, briUKs a call for 
preaching, and why can it not be filled? Sim- 
ply because the church is not suffigiently dedi- 
cated to the Lord's work. It lacks love for Je- 
sus Christ. True, we have some noble workers, 
but what is their relation to the church? As 
sucli, many of them are a sort of clerical ben- 
eficiaries. This should not be so. The faith- 
ful minister iias a divine right for a reasonable 
support, and the Master's cause will continually 
go crippling so long as such incibcient arrange- 
ments continue. We have churchts in some ol 
the States sufficiently able as to means, to put 
into the field an efficient mip^sionary worker and 
keep him constantly employed in the noble, and 
heaven-ordained work. And yet with all the 
wealth God has blessed them with, some op- 
pose even penny collections in the churches for 
home district work. It is in vain that Brolhei: 
Mooiuaw call lor contributions for City Mission 
work while such views are dogmatically sus- 
tained. Let 03 hear Brother Paul to such 
churches: "Charge them that are rich in this 
world that they be not high-minded nor trust 
in uncertain riches, hut iu the true aud living 
God,who giveth us all things to enjoy, that 
they do good, that they be rich in good works, 
ready to distribute, willing to communicate, lay- 
ing up in store for themselves a good founda- 
tion against the time to come, that they may 
lay hold ou eternal life." 

The early church dedicated all to the service, 
and had all things common to the Lord, aud 
went "everywhere preaching the word." 

Dear brethren, let us labor more for the spirit 
that was iu Christ the greatest of all missiona- 
ries. If we have not his spirit we are none of 
his — be assured if we are Christians we are mis- 
sionaries at heart. All true Christians will be 
missionaries in practice, and if the churches of 
the Brethren are not misdonaries, it is because 
they are not taught according to the Scriptures. 


FAITH is the belief of the go-pel, neither 
more or less. Do any dissent from this? 
Let each in his own mind, say yea or nay. If 
a person believes the whole gospel, without ex- 
ception and without doubt, what more is he re- 
quired to believe? Suppose we say that a per 
son may believe only a part of the gospel, and 
have the required faith; then what part may he 
reject and still have saving faith? In what 
item may he decide with impunity that God':^ 
testimony is talse? Ah the thing in absurd! 
Saving faith is the belief of the whole goaprL. 

It will^uot be necessary to settle the question, 
What is the gospel? What does it include? We 
know that the gospel is utnd tidings, but we 
must know what makes up these glad tidings. 
Then if we belieee it a!l, we can know tha*. we 
h ive the required faith. Facts are a part of the 
gospel. We mean those things which God has 
done for us through Jesus Christ. Christ died 
was buried, rose again, and ascended to heaven, 

andhus made an olfering for sin. These are 
facts, without which we could have no gospel. 
Promises are a part of tha gospel. This is ev- 
ident. Suppose it had been preached that Christ 
was the Son of God; that he died, was buried, 
and rose again; but nothing had been said about 
oitr interest in that death and resurrection; 
think you it would have been glad tidings to 
us? By no means; hence the facts and bless- 
ings for men are combined. "Christ died for 
our sins, he rose for our justification, and it be- 
hooved him to suffer that repentance and remis- 
sion of sins should be preached in his name, 
among alt nations." 

The blessed gospel has in it exceeding great 
and precious promiees — remission of sins — the 
gift of the Spirit, and eternal life. 

Commands are also a part of the.go.'ipel. You 
cannot well dissent here; for all the preachers 
in the land talk about the means of grace, re- 
ferring to the ordinances, and if they are not in 
the gospel, where are they to be found? Are 
they not gospel means? Paul uses the words, 
"Obey the gospel," which is without meaning, 
if the gospel contains no commands; for we can 
not obey facts or promises, but only commands. 
Therefore belief, or faith must emlrrace the whole 
gospel. There may be, aud doubtless are, those 
who say they believe in Jesus, the great Physi- 
cian of souls, but so soon as he prescribes some- 
thing for them to do, ihey say that they have 
no confidence in it. "Our faith is iu thee, 
Lord, and not in thy commands — they are non- 
essentials." It i« a species of unbelief — a want 
of confidence in God, which leads any one to 
reject the means of God's appointment. There 
are too many in these gospel times who profess 
faith so strong that they presume to find bless- 
ings where God never promised them. 

Dear reader, be not deceived; "God is not 
mocked; for whatsoever a man soweth, that 
shall he also reap." Gal. 6: 7. The Lord bless 
all the faithful and bring us to enjoy the glory 
"ready to be revealed iu the last time when the 
Lord comes." 


nV .lOSEl'H JOHN. 

WHY is it, dear sinner, that you do not heed 
the call when mercy's door stands ajar 
for you. Do you prefer to be strangers to the 
covenant of promise, and say to yourself "aft- 
er awhile I will turn in with the overtures of 
mercy." Remember that while you linger out- 
side of the gate, folly's tide will still carry you 
farther dowo the precipice of ruin. I would 
urgf yon to make a halt, and say with the prod- 
igal son, "I will return to my father who ha.s 
plenty of spiritual rood and to spare." 

Jesna stands with outstretched arms to re- 
ceive you into his emhrace. Then come, 
come into the fold, and partake of the waters 
of life freely, and dedicate your time and your 
all to the service of God. What consoling 
thoughts! Inspiration teaches as that the glad 
news will be carried by angels to the upper re- 
gions and cause joy iu heaven over a sinner 
that repents. Then say with the poet: 

"Just as 1 am thou wilt receive. 
Wilt welcome, pardon, clciuse, relieve. 
Because thy promise i believe, 
0, Lamb of God, I come, I come." 

Dear young yeople, could you but realize the 
happy feelings your parents have when they 
see dear sons and daughters come out from 
among the trifling pleasures of fashion and yield 
obedience to his requirements. As for mjself, 
I cannot talk from experience in this line, but 
hope ere long I may have the happy privileg- 
by the prayers of the faithful to see my own 
< fispring follow Christ in his footsteps as laid 
down by him and hisapostle.". 

I am often made to rfjoice in conversing with 
God's children in worship to see so many of the 
young folks who have come out on the Ljrd's 

side with blooming cheeks and their bodies dock- 
orated with a plain, neat attire, aniiouu to hear 
tlie wordofGod preached. It reminds mo o 
the angels in heaven in their glory. 

The children too both great and Bmali, 

Who love the name ot Jcaua, 

May now accept the gruoious cull. 

To Work and Itve for JeauB." 


ATameelingofthe brethren where quit* b 
number of accessions had beeu nnide to 
the church, aud still an interest manifested, onn 
of the ministers was at the house of a bnitlier 
where there were a number of persons convrra- 
ing together. Tlio sister advised the hired man, 
to forbear smoking in the presence of the breth- 
ren, as they were opposed to intemperance of 
all kinds, and forms. &c. Accordingly the hir- 
ed man sought a private place out doors for his 
accustomed smoke. The minister walked out 
and happened upon our smoker, and boldly aid 
fearles,ly nccosted hini for "a chew of tohacco," 
Now imagine the consternation of the sister, 
when the crowd dispersed, aud the hired mini 
twitted tlie sister about her minister's intem- 
perance. Hero I pause; who waa to blam ?— 
Who— . 

How long will tlie si-tti^ri have to pray, and 
worry over the evil of tobacco? And what i.H 
she to do, when those occupying tho tacred 
desk betrays her? Ah!. she has Hie privilege" 
of cleansing tho spittoon; and while her dear 
husband would object to her detiling her angel- 
ic person with the foul weed, he hat a perfect 
right to make a hydrapult of his mouth; aud 
he has a right, too, to kiss those angelic lijis 
that were never defiled, perhaps reluctantly 
submitted to meet with those who uttered the 
promise not long ago, to protect, to keep, hon- 
or, ko.. From one who loves his wife too well 
to use tobacco. 


THE sad lack of harmony which has so long 
been felt in Jewiwh matters has done much 
to retard Judaism, Time was when a Jew from 
any quarter of the glolie felt at home in u Jewish 
synagogue, hut with Minhag America and Min- 
hag Poland and Minhug Ri^verend This, we may 
call ourselves fortunate if we succeed in becom- 
ing familiar with the ritual and the laws prior 
to their being changed for Bomc olher. This 
is equally true of Europe aud ofthis country, 
yet we doubt whether Americau Jews recognize 
theiroivn importance as a factor in oniverflal 
Judaism. Not even the most orthodox of our 
brethren will Ji^nv that many beneficial changes 
can be instituted iu the rabbinical rules — provid- 
ed a tribunal of acknowledged competency and 
authority be organizfd to consider and adv ee 
these changes And did we not so sorely lack 
men of character, ability and dininterest con- 
servatism among our American Rabbanim. the 
L'nited States would be the plaoe of places to 
assemble sacb a conven(i:)n. New prob'^nur 
can here h^ worked ont on a new field nnhamper- 
ed by ancient interewts, and the American 
solution would by force of example soon become 
world-spread. Much nf the SUukhati Armh 
has outlived its usefulness and a return to tho 
ci-ndition prior thereto is both desirable and 
practicable. The only obstacle lies in th" pnl- 
l iL Here is an opportunity for our .American 
ministers to prove themselvta worthy of there 
positions. Will they in dealing with this great 
iriitionat qaestion show themselves stdtesmen 
<•' politicians? Will they prefer personal i.m- 
vfiiience or public good? It is for them to 
iiiKwarand on them depends the welfare of 
■ludnism the world over. The object is united 
.liid.iism. Can our ministry be induced to sink 
pei'oaal, sectional, partis^in and congregational 
jfljlousies, for the public good? — Htl. 


P^ebrnary S 



Come ■ e tb;.t labor, come unto Me; 
Cr.ire heivy iadenprf, TH make you fre«-: 
Come, take My voke and learn in My word; 
I ^ni lie Sliephei d ^ nH >e are I h- herd. 
Come unto Me and learn of My love. 
And make a start lor a home above; 
Come unto Me and never depart. 
For I am meek and lowly in heart. 
Come, for M y yoVe is fiisy to wear, 
Come for My burden is lifiht to bear: 
Comi? unfco Me and ye shall be blest. 
Come atid obey and Til give you rest. 
Rent to your souls I freely will give, 
Qraat that you may eternally live; 
Live in My kingdom and be at rest, 
Livfl with the raiisomed and all the bkst. 
There to enjoy their presence so sweet, 
And. with them, walk the pure and golden 

Therein that land forever to stay. 
And to enjoy a bright .-ndleas day. 

Then, come unto Me, come one and all, 
Hear Me and heed My kind, gentle call; 
Do not delay, but c.ime unto Me, 
Then when you die, you happy abaU be. 


»ar'J, whilst others have not the means 
-o propagate the gospel truth as tbey 
leaire. Let ua cast our raites into the 
rea-sury of the Lord and send them 
out to establish the truth as it is in Je 
,>»us, for daily some are called to eternity 
who have never heard the gospel in its 
primitive purity. We hopp there are 
none who neglect thjs all-important 
matter of breaking the bread of life ti> 
huugiy souls through sheer neglect. We 
abundantly feel the ueed ot more preach 
in^, more of the "hot heart" system in 
our minds. We speak from experience. 
Give people employment in the church 
or they will seek it elsewhere. Minis 
ters. establish employment for your 
members, and urge them by the help of 
God to carry this noble work aloo 

There are few sheep that will remain 
in a flock without a shepherd. "Feed 
my sheep," "Feed my lambs," were the 
words of our blessed Master to Peter, 
Then let us have more earnest work in 
the church. Let us not be "weighed 
the balance, and found wanting." Dan. 
5: 27. Let us not make our religion a 
secondary -matter. Seek first the king- 
dom of heaven' and its righteousness, 
and all other of our wanta shall be add- 
ed unto us. The wheels of our religion 
E need men of hot hearts to tell must not become clogged or rusted. 
Continually apply the oil of Christian 
grace to keep the fire of the great love 
of Jesus burning within our breast. 
Let us not become lukewarm, but hot, 
burning hot, for the love of our blessed 
Jesus who gave his life for ua. Dear 
Christian friends, do not procrastinate. 
but begin this glorious work now. 



the love of Jesus," was the ap- 
peal eent home by some Chinese con- 
verts the other day. This is what the 
church needs — what the world needs^ 
"Men of bot hearts." 

"I would ye were hot," is the Master's 
cry. If we are to succeed we must be 
on friendship about it. Dr. Arnot, of 
Edinburgh, tells of being at a railroad 
.station one day, and wearied of waiting 
for the train to move, he asked one of 
the men what the trouble was. "Is 
there a want of water." "Plenty of 
water, sir," was the prompt reply, "but 
it's no' bilin'. " 

That's the trouble with the church to 
day. There's abundance of machinery— 
the engine is all in order, the train i; 
made up, the laen are at their posts— 
there's plenty of water, but it's "no 
bilin'." The great motive power, is 
wanting. We need to lieap on the fuel 
of sound doctrine, not shavings of senti 
ment which make a big blaze, only to 
go out as (juick; but the solid logs of 
fundamental truth, CHUNKS if you 
will. But we ueed more, Mt? Jirc, to be 
baptized with the Holy Ghost, with fire. 
— K. F. Bmns, D. D. 

The "bove are the seutimenls of Dr. 
Burus, and we feel that nothing so good 
should ' e lost. Deai- brethren and sis- 
ters, read it carefully and prayerfully, 
and those of us who "sit at ease in /ion," 
let ua arouse from this dull lethai'gy. 

Let us be men and women, brethreu 
and sisters of "hot hearts." Let us not 
only have divine service every fortnight 
or perhaps only once a month, but let 
us be up and doing. Let us pile on the 
"logs of fundamental truth," by estab- 
lishing our weekly prayer meetings, our 
Bible classes, our regular weekly preach- 
ing, our Sunday-schools to train the dear 
youths and draw them from vice and 
crime. Give the children employment 
in the church and they vnW not seek it 
iu the workshop of Satan. Many to-day 
in our midst are hungering for the 
bread of life. let us not withhold 
it from them! Let us, by our social 
gatherings, build up the teuder lambs 
of the fold who otherwise may stray 
away. We need more preaching, more 
earnest labor in the vineyard of the 
Lord. There are some of our dear 
brethren in Christ, laboring manfully 
«iih untiring zeal in the blaster's vine 



IT is soilietimea a query in the mind of 
the writer, as to what he shall write 

that may be of interest and profit to 
the reader. New matter reijuires new 
thought and new thought hard labor. 
Hard labor draws on the muscles of the 
the body, the faculty of the mind and 
the passion of soul. Hence the powers 
of man are wrought upon in all our at- 
tempts to \viite. AVere it not for the 
never failing supplies received from a 
divinesource, and a burning impulse or 
force of the heart, impelling communi- 
cation, my hand would fall pendant and 
my pen forget to write. 

To write, in a certain sense, would 
imply to communicate, and in our com 
municatious we do not always have 
pleasaut things to tell. Some for edifi- 
cation, some for reproof and some to the 
comforting of the soul. 

An ancient divine once asked, "What 
shall I cry?" The reply was, "All flesh 
is grass, and all the goodliness thereof 
is as the flower of the field, the grass 
withereth, the flowers fadeth: because 
the spii'it of the Lord bloweth upon it: 
surely people is grass." This communi- 
cation e-xhibits our own Irailty and mor- 
tality, and may many times, when writ- 
iug, temper our words and soften our 
e.xpres3ions. It would be well for many 
of us to make this text a special notice, 
then could we write to ourselves as well 
as to others, and alike become benefit- 

That a great deal of writing in our 
day is to little purpose none will deny. 
Light trashy literature is thrown broad- 
cast in the land, accepted and read by 
the masses to little or no benefit. The 
aim in writing, therefore, shoula be to 
ji good purpose, and we have but to go 
to the divine law of God and we have 
directions plainly coui-sed for our exam- 

Letters of inquiry denoting c;reat care 
and anxiety were written: "For to this 
end also did I write, that I might know 
ihe proof of you, whether ye be obedi- 
ent in all things." How pleasaut thus 
to communicate, exchanging our views, 
orrecting, improving, and advancing 
our spiritual interests. "For we write 
none other things unto you than what 
ye read or acknowledge." Nothing 
should be ^vritten but may be read with 
profit by its people, and to do this the 
doctrine of the Bible should be held 
forth iu all its beauty and power. 

Next we have words of warning: "I 
write not these things to sbame you, but 
as my beloved sons 1 warn you." These 
things, how we shall be defamed, perse- 
cuted, reviled, etc., for living an humble 
follower of our blessed Jesua. This is 
written not to shame us and to discour 
age the Christian, but as a warning that 
we may better prepare for the conflict. 
"I write unto you that ye sin not," are 
words written to warn us that we live a 
holy life while in this wicked world. 
21iat lie ttin not. This is the most care- 
ful warning that could be written. The 
apostle knew of this sinful world, its 
soul staining influences, of its tempta- 
tions, which if engaged in degrade 
and lower the soul, endangering it 
through all eternity. I am glad for 
these words of warning which are com- 
forting to the soul. It is also written 
that we should abstain from all appear- 
ance of evil. This obeyed alone keeps 
the soul pure. This once disregarded" 
lays the ground work for another sin, 
though loathsome aud terrifying at first, 
but bv arepetiton.the heart becomes hard' 
ened and sin is engaged in with little or 
DO compunction of conscience. Habit 
either hardens or softens character, de- 
pending upon that which is engaged in. 

Dr. Graham, in his Science of Human 
Life, beautifully illustrates our idea, 
which we shall give in substance. "A 
person with a pure system and unde- 
praved olfactory nerves, coming in con- 
tact with a quantity of tobacco, instant- 
ly perceives its poisonous influences, and 
if those nerves should receive s portion 
of this powdered poison, they become 
irritated and give the alarm to the do' 
main of organic life and a violent eftort 
is made to remove the ofVending cause. 
But if not removed the system becomes 
affected by the poison and the taost dis 
tressing dizziness, muscular relaxation 
and sickness ensues in order to expel 
this poison from the vital domain, and 
to cause him ever after, more cautiously, 
to avoid so deadly, so foul an enemy. 
But if this career of depravity is com- 
menced with cautiously measured steps 
at first he may succeed in destroying 
the integrity of this important sentiuel 
and so completely deprave both the ol- 
factory nerve and the nasal organ that 
neither may detect the poisonous prop- 
erties of the tobacco, but both become 
ao adapted in its properties as to delight 
in its stimulation with a morbid enjoy- 
ment equal to the depths of depravity 
to which they were reduced. And thus 
the organ of smell instead of guarding 
against the encroachments of the enemy 
from the vital domain, it ce-'ses to give 
the alarm and really opens its gates to 
the embraces of its foulest enemy, and 
ushers it into the vital domain as its 
most valuable friend. Thus by sensual 
depravity we transform a guardian of 
light into a treacherous demon of dark- 
ness and receive into the very citadel 
of life the enemy which poisons all the 
wells of vitality and we perish in the 
fidl belief that our destroyer is our ti'U j 
eat frit nd, and with our dying breath ' 

commend him to the confidence and 
kind regard of all around us. 

In like manner the soul may become 
cuutiiminated with sin. The conscience, 
that divinity in humanity stands as an 
important sentinel guarding faithfully 
the vital domain of the soul against the 
first attempt to sin. But small .sins are 
looked upon with little consequence 
antl thus the career of moral depravity 
is commenced, cautiously at first, but 
pursued step by step until this sentiuel 
becomes so disqualified that it fails to 
detect the poisonous character of sin aud 
becomes so adapted to its properties as 
to delight in that which it once hated 
and the soul becomes defiled. Such are 
the natural consequences of disregarding 
the first attempts to sin. And if we 
continue to disregard those holy and 
delicate admonitions of the conscience 
which the Creator has, for tlie welfare 
aud happiness of man placed on the out- 
posts of the vital domain of the eoul we 
will become so hardened in crime that 
conscience dies away, sin is engaged in 
to such a degree that that former 
heart of fiesh becomes a heart of stone. 
Then my readers I write that "ye ain 
not," for it has a destroying influence 
and if not repented of will finally de- 
stroy the soul, robbing it of all its glory 
and power. Now let us write something 
that is more joyous to the soul. "That 
which was from the beginning, which 
we have heard, which we have seen with 
our own eyes, which we have looked up- 
on, and our hands have handled, of the 
Word of life. "That which we have 
seen declare we unto you, that ye also 
may have fellowship with us: and truly 
our fellowship is with the Father and 
and with the Son Jesus Chriat. These 
things write we unto you, that your joy 
may be full." O the blessings of heaven; 
our joy shall be full. Though one may 
be capacitated to hold more than anoth- 
er, yet all alike shall be filled. Hence 
all enjoy alike, enjoy to their fullest ca- 
pacity, each vessel full, can hold no more. 
Hence no room for idle jealousy. None 
need say, take, or cry give unto me, be- 
cause all are full of the joy and glory 
of heaven up to their greatest capacity 
but not beyond. "Having yet many 
thinge to write unto you, I for the pres- 
ent will forbear, trusting we all may bo 
live that this joy which is unspeakable 
and full of glory may be one in the 
world to come." 



A FEW years ago, having been at a 
place of business, a blind man, an 
old retired preacher of the Moravian 
Church, enteied. He came in for the 
purpose of congratulating and blessing 
the proprietor's son, who had been or- 
dained to the ministry of the same 
church (Moravian) the day before. 
Having been in conversation with the 
young minister, whom I well knew, this 
blind sage heard my voice, which was 
strange to him, so he inquired who 
this stranger was. He was told who he 
was, and that he belonged to the so call- 
ed Tunker Church. Upon this he di- 
rected his conversation to mi, and we 
had a somewhat lengthy talk. Talking 
on the various doctrinal points of the 
New Testiment, the commands of our 
Lord, we finally came to the washing of 
the saint's feet. (It is necessary here to 
state the fact that the Moravians practic- 
ed the washing of the saints' feet as a 
church ordinance, from the year 1740 
until '81S; for so show their own church 
record.) In a child-like simplicity we 

February ^ 

Tlii: tiKKTHlKIilN" ^T "W<.>Kls:. 

talked aboutthiacondfsceDilingpracti' 
earnest aijd heartfelt admonition, if not 
command of our Savior, We at last 
found that though Christ did not give 
the command of feet- washing in ih*^ im- 
perative mood, yet made he itobligaiory 
upon bin followers, by his practicing it, 
first himself, and then telling his disci- 
y\*-n that: "If I then, your Lord and 
Master have washed your feet, ye also 
ought to %va6h one another's feet. John 
13: 14. The verb "ought" not being 
in the imperative mood, cross-shunning 
professors will have it that feet washing 
is optional to us — we may do it or leave 
it undone. But Christ, pnicticing it 
first, being declared and confessed our 
Lord and Master, and he emphatically 
telling us: "Verily, verily, I say unto 
you, The servant is not greater than bis 
Lord" — that which the Lord has done 
— washed his disciple's feet — the servant 
shuU not esteem too low and humiliating 
for him. "I have given you an exam- 
ple that you *AottW du as I have done to 
you; this gives more power to the verb 
"ought," than the imperative mood to 
the verb shall. The language implies 
nothing less tbim: looking at my exam- 
ple you are in duty bou»d to do as I 
have done to you. 

When a father tells his children, since 
I then, yo"!' tather and parent, gave you 
hou«e and home, guarded and protected, 
fed and clothed you when you were young 
and tender, all in love and affection to 
you, "ye all ought'" to give me house 
and heme, guard and protect, feed and 
clothe vte when lam old and feeble, all 
in love and alfection to me, would it 
not be their duty to do as the father 
commanded them? Would they be 
obedient children if they did not do it? 
Would not that which the father has 
done to them, make it obligatory for 
thtui to do wliat he bid them without 
au imperative command? Does not also 
the Bible teach this law of equality, let 
children learn first to show piety or 
kindness at home, and to requite their 
parents'; Tim. o: 4. Juat so with our 
Savior iuregard to feet- washing. His 
first ff-ashing his disciples' feet, and 
then telling them to do unto one anoth 
er, as he has done to them, makes it oh 
ligatovy unto them unto this diiy. 

After havingthus talked this matter 
over, this blind old preacher said: "Per 
haps, after all, feet- washing is more ofa 
command than what we esteem U to 

"1 then asked him what reasons be 
could give for their not practicing feet- 
washing any more in the Moravian 
Church. His answer was this: "We 
were ridiculed out of it." This is the 
fact. Though they now try their non- 
essentiality of feet-washing it is never- 
theless a fact that because of the growth 
of pride and inequality in their church 
they could not bear the sneei-s, taunts, 
and ridicule of the world any longer, 
and so their synod of ISLS ignored it, 
and since then their church rose unto 
an equilibrium in pride, fashion, aad 
popularity with other churches. 

Here then an important questios pre 
sents itself. How does this 'Ridiculing 
out" work? Let us see. There always 
were, and while la this world there al- 
ways will be, three elements in the 
church. The cai'eful peruser wUl find 
them in the church in her infancy, far 
back in Jerusalem. The one element 
works entirely too progressive in its 
nature. The third being the conserva- 
tive, keeps the two former within 
bounds. When this element has the 
influence and s^ay of the church, then 
she moves on, mikes steady but' sure 

l>rngre>.Hlik<i a well riggt-d aud equalii 
balanced ship on the tempesiuou^ 
oee^n. But when the unlawfully pro 
gie.viivK clement becomes prt-doiiilnant. 
gels thf sway of the cburch.then the bur- 
ilt-n uf the whiilt^ gospel becomes ton 
heavy. Hence they throw ofi" little by 
little to increase ihfir speed. Having 
lost the pith of the reliffion of Jesuw, 
the first principle of the spirit of Christ, 
^KLi"-uf;MAi., they east away, declare 
non e^aenlial, those precepts which are 
dtsigned for their humility and equality 
and 80 fioon the church comes up to 
popular Christianity. Having yet a 
form of godlines, but the power there 
of is denied. 



ITTE are almost ready to conclude 
^ ' sometimes, in these days of prog- 
ress, that Solomon was mistaken when 
he said that "there was nothing new un 
der the sun." 

When Jesus Christ was in the world 
for the purpose of establishing hie 
church and settins; up his kingdom, he 
ordained that penitent believers should 
be baptized, having doubtless a specific 
idea in his mind as to manner and form 
he Uoed specific language to convey that 
idea. The inspired apostle, we opine, 
understood the design of the mission of 
his Master as to the character of his 
church as well as the form and design 
of the ordinances peculiar to that church, 
d thus expresses himself with refer- 
ee thereto. "There is one body aud 
f spii'it, one calling, and one hope of 
your calling," "one Lord, one faith, one 
)tism." Eph.4: 4,5. This onebaptism 
of course, was received from the Fath- 
er and commanded by Christ. Matt. 28: 
19. ''The doctrine of immersion" spok 
en of by Paul in Hebrews G: 2 — -Bible 
Union Translation. But instead of this 
one spirit, and one body, and one bap- 
tism, we have bodies multiplied by hun 
dreds, aud, as many spirits, an indefiinite 
number of baptisms in all their various 
forms too tedious to mention, but an ac- 
count of the last form brought to our 
notice, I am inclined to think will inter- 
est the readers of the BiiKTiiincN at 


It is the production of the prolific im- 
agination, and superior inventive ge- 
nius of Wm. Thurman. He has been 
connected in some way with a body of 
professors in Eastern Virginia, number- 
ing some fifty members, all seemiugly 

lous for the keeping of all the com- 
mandments, practicing trine immersion 
and other ordinances, and from what we 
can learn, was getting along pleasantly 
and peacably, but the ever restless am- 
bition of W. C. T. to be the "greatest in 
the kingdom," notsatisfied with things as 
they were, pretends that the Christian 
world has always been in error, and tliat 
he has discovered that the proper form 
ot baptism is first one dip forward. Sr^c- 
ond, one Self dip with arms lifted inform 
ofa cross; and third one backward dip, 
and strange to say, that he is having 
followers in this strange fancy. Others, 
however, being more considerate are 
seeking an alliance with our brotherhood. 
but as yet not fully resigned to all that 
would bb required of them. For instance, 
to receive baptism at the hands of the 
chui'ch; be baptized into the church. I 

The question has fretiuently been ask 
ed, and indeed AnnualMeet 
ing whether pewons who have been bap- j 
tized by trine immersion, ought not to 
be admitted with their baptism. My | 

opinitm is that the A. M. has done wise 
ly in deciding against it. Seeing thai 
the circumstances have been so varied 
under which persons have been baptized 
in that way, that it would be impossible 
to find any principle that would not sub- 
ject the church lo danger of too much 
looseness, aud multiply dificultiea. Our 
idi'R is berrev let w.^11 fuougb alone, and 
require a full surrender on the part of 
applicants, better for them to sacrifice 
their pleasure than for the church to 
sacrifice a principle. 



T)LESSED words to the saints, but to 
-^ the sinner almost a meaningless 
term. No one who has not known or 
entered into those joys can form any 
idea how much happiness is centered in 
obeying the divine Master's injunction, 
"Enter thou into the joy of thy Lord." 

It is our humble opinion that the com- 
mand is one to be obeyed now as well 
as upon that great day. when if we have 
truly love.d and obeyed him who died to 
save us, we will gladly accept of his 
iommands to enter into the unknown 
joys and blissful seasons that await us 
in the "Beautiful land of rest." 

We have truly found earthly joys to 
be infinite and various under the full 
guidance of the loving Savior's hand. 
We are enabled to see bliss and happi- 
ness on all sides; and the greater joy is 
to meet with the dear brethren and sis- 
ters to worship in God's house. It is so 
emblematic of the great meeting "over 
there;" and not only that, but we feel 
renewed and refreshed by meeting there, 
so much more able again to fight the 
battles %vith sin. 

My dear young friends, who stand 
outside of the fold, and look in, we en- 
treat you to enter, so [bat you too. may 
know the joys of which you can form 
no idea now. Come and be with us, en- 
ter in, we will not force you to remain, 
but if you enter in according to God's 
commands, you will not wish to recede. 
You will wish to go on to perfection, 
to taste more and more of the joys. Then 
come; do not miss so much happiness. 
Your happinessis of short duration. Oh, 
come, and partake of our joys, those 
sweet and lasting ones. 

We have just had the blessed privil- 
ege of attending a "feast of love" in our 
congregation, and have been filled and 
renewed with such sweet peace as is 
known to those only who have entered 
into the joy of the Lord. And our heart 
was touched to see so many dear young 
people quietly looking on, perhaps won- 
dering, as we once did, why the mem 
bers seemed to enjoy so much such sea 
sons. Oh, dear ones, enter in and see! 

A young sister who was also in attend- 
ance for the first time as a partaker of 
the gi;eat joys, told me that that meet- 
ing was the first communion meeting 
she had ever remained in the house tor 
the whole time! I asked her if she had 
not enjoyed it better than any other one 
toof She replied quickly and in a tone 
which bespoke so much inward warmth, 
"Oh, I think 1 did." Once again we' 
entreat you, young friends to "go and 
do likewise." Eepent and be baptized, 
and enter ui. and right .here we would 
say that so many find excuse=i for not being 
baptized,, when the Savior commands it, 
and when we believe it essential, why 
do weobject to a performance that costs 
us so little exertion and gives us such a 
blessed peace and calm content after- , 
ward? Do not bring this up as an ex- 

cuse for not uiiitii.g with iw. until tou 
hav.. tried it. Y..u will ..- >„ niuch bet- 
ter enabled to do "Mhaievtr thy bauds 
findeth to do." The church will love 
_\..u. bh-ssed thought! And the world 
cannot help respecting you. Think of 
these things, and then say, I, too, am 
ready to enter into the joy of the Lord. 


rriHE Christian does not turn his back 
-*- upon the fine things of this world, 
because he has no natural capacity to 
enjoy them, but because the Holy Spirit 
has shown him great and better things. 
He now wants flowers that will never 
fade; he wants something that he can 
take with him to a better world; he is 
like a man who has had notice to quit 
his house, and having received a new 
one, he is no more anxious to repair, 
much less to embellish or beautify the 
old one. His thoughts are on the re- 
moval. If you hear him converse, it is 
upon the house to which he is going, 
thither he sends his goods and thus de^ 
clares to all around plainly, he is going 
to a new house and a better and health- 
ier country. 

Two ipites gave a poor widow a first 
clasa seat in heaven. Who wants the 
next place on the same terms. Send 
thera to S.T.Bosserman, Dunkirk, Ohio. 
Still more such -seats vacant. Send 
along brethren and sisters befoi'e the 
door of the treasury is closed. Your 
salvation may depend on the disposition 
you make of the "dollar". Don't let it 
be a savor of death unto death. 

I have read the principal standard 
histories of the world for 1,(X)0 years 
and .several standard church histories. 
I have also read the periodical literature 
both secular and religious of the lalst 20 
years besides a large number of the 
productions of the best Authors on 
literary and religious subjects, yet in all 
my researchesi haveuevermetwith such 
an illustration of malignant venom and 
vituperation and low abusiveness as Ray 
affords us in his debate with Brother 
Stein, cvcepC in ihf ni/h/ cursintj of 
heretics by Catholic priests. He seems 
to have reveled and wallowed in the slums 
and slime pits of the fanaticism and 
bigotry that characterized the dark ages, 
when men's virtues were their passpoi-t 
t> the flames. He stalks boldy and 
defiantly ^vhei e Ai'cbangels modestly and 
gently tread. How will he feel when 
he IS being judged by the Hook that 
teaches the commands which he villifies 
and traduces? 

Many families with professed Chris- 
tian heads are becoming weak and sick- 
ly Christians because they are so loose 
in all their Christian duties. While they 
are particular in taking sytematic .steps 
to obtain the almighty dollar, they leave 
the whole routine of dut)' to God and 
their fellow-men at loose ends. 

The largest church congregation in 
the United States is the first American 
Baptist Church of Richmond, ^'a. It 
has thirty-three hundred members. Oa 
one Sunday its paUcr bapti;^ed five hun 
dred and ninty-eight persons, and aJded 
nearly nine hundred persons to the 

Evil communications corrupt good 



'he gicfhreu at g%r/(. 



S.-1. riAimisoN, 1-editoes. 

J. W. STEIN, ) 

1 The Kditore will ho rcspinsilile only for the 
reiieral tonpof Uio paper, and the insertion of an 
irtlcle does not imply Hint they endorse every sen- 
timent of Uie writer. 

2 CONTIUBUTORS in order to secure prompt in- 
Ber'tion of their articles, will please not indnlgo in 
nersonalitiea and uncourteoua language, but pri^^ 
Bent tliclr views -with grace aeusoued with suit. 

a For the benellt of our readers iind the gnoti of 
the cause, we solicit cinirch news from all parts oi 
the Urotherhood. We want some one in ea;li eou- 
Bregation to keep us supplied. In the briefest way, 
give us At-i, the facte, and we will put them m 
proper shai-B- Always write with black ink, on 
narrow paper. 

4. The llttETiiREK AT WouK will be aent to 
anyaddrcHsin the United States or Canada for 
81.G0pQranmim. For the leading charactenatica 
of the paper, as well as temis to agents see eighth 
uaee. .\<l.lreas all conimiinicatioiiB, 


Lanark, Carroll Co., 111. 


lEIIRlIAnV «, 1880. 






[Bv J. W. Sii:i>.l 

The Uojiisl Balances Delctkil.— "Trine Immer- 

mersion W-dyhed in Ike B,il(inivs and Fimiid 

WmUi>it{" Reversed. I'ruv. 11: 1. 

"The earth also la deliled under the inlia'itnnls 

thereof; buciuiae they have transgressed the laws. 

chaiiRed the ordinance, broken the everlastingcov- 

enant. Therefore hath the curse devoured thf 

earth, and they that dwell therein are desolate: 

thereforethe inhabitants of the earth are bnrncd 

and few men left.— Isa 24: 6, (3. 

■'Go ye into all the world, and preach the gospel 
to every creature. He thatbelieveth and is bap- 
tized, a'hall be saved; but he that believetb not 
shall be damned."— Mark 10: in. 1(1. 


The Brethren mainfain that Christian bap 
tism^ whcncierfiiiii icherevtr required bij God is 
in order (o the remission of sins. Baptism does 
not eflect its design without repentance and 
taitli. Like repentance and faith, it is only 
required where it is possible. Like repentance 
and faith, it is not a source of remission. That 
is tbe iiract of God. Like repentance and faith. 
it is not the price of remission. That is the 
blood of Christ. Hence baptism is not a prO' 
curing caiivc of pardon. A cause oiipiuates, 
while a condHioH is a term stipulated, for agree 
aient, a compliance with which sometimes re- 
r|uires only a grateful participation, in the hap- 
piest and most heueiicent ariangemeLt^s of 
friendship and love. The f-imple stretching 
forth of the haad, is sometimes the coiidi 
of accepting a munificent gift, whicli a relusal 
to do would forever forfeit. So r.r'peiitance, 
faith, and baptism, are conditions In- wlufh we 
aci-eji! remission, not because they aie meritori- 
ous, but because their opposites do lU'^rHtelLiUy 
and wickedly reject God's coveiiai.t mercies 
and institutions. Some deny there are any 
conditions of remission but "the redempti 
work of Je3us,"yet they find that faith and 
repentance are "required." How required? 
A'i fruits &ad snbsfijwnis of pardon r* If so 
they have no gospel to preach to poor sinners 
who want to know what they must do to be 
saved- If these are required in order to remis- 
sion then they are conditions of its acceptance. 
One might just as well deny that eating is 
acimdition of satisfying hunger and thirst, be- 
cause the food and drink are provided by more 
expensive arraugemenfs and conditions, a; 
deny that there are conditions L>y which i 
accepts pardon. 

The scriptures have not left na to gues3 at 
the design of bapHsni, nor to arrive at it by a 
tedious routine of philosophical deduction- 
from a'^'iomed premises. While burial is sjm 
bolized in the ivimei-sion of the body in water 
and resurrection in the immersion, see Rom. 
6:3-5; Col. 2: 12, of which we will speak at 
large in another part nF this work. Ttien- 
mere symbols do uotfspreos the grand design 
of thfi institution. What is Christian baptism 
lor? Let the scriptures answer, John preach- 
ed "the baptism ofrepeutan2e for the remission 
.f jins." Mark I: 1; Luke 3: 3. "Butthe 
Piiariaees and lawyers rejected the counsel nf 
Lt> d ugainst themselvi s, not being bapt'z^d ol| 

him." Luke 7: 30. Drs. Geo. Campbell 
.lames Macnigbt, and Philip Doddridge trans 
late this pai^sage thup, "The Pharisees and tht 
lawyers, in not beidg immersed by him, hftve 
rejecttd the counsel of God with regard t't 
themselves." Luke 7: 30 Ir men rfj-ctei 
the coiin.'^el of 6od agaioit themselves and 
hence Iniiud i^r. obtniii panion by n"t. b*-i 
baptized by . I Th'i.c^iu tho^it" be jurd.ined w 
will not receive Christ's baptism? Even Christ 
our head and example (who though sinless was 
made "to be sin for us, 2 Cor. 5: 21, and came 
to do his Father's will, John 5: 21) said of hi 
baptism, "Thus it becometh us to fulfill all 
righteoushess." M^itt. 3: U,. Could he 
ful611ed all righteousness, or his Father's will 
without that baptism? Some try to avoid the 
difficulty here by teaching that Christ "fulfilled 
all rigbteousness" literally iu his death, burial, 
and resurrection; aud figurntiv.'lv in his bap- 
tism by representing cbem. Hut their last 
dilliculty is worse than the first. That Christ'e 
baptism was a requisite part of the "all right- 
eousness" which he came to fulfill is clear, but 
that the "all righteousnosi" was included iu 
his baptism figuratively or in his death, burial 
and resurrection literally they fail to show. 
C'lu they harmonize such n position with their 
definition of "righteousness" and "all righteous- 
ness?" One says "righteousness is obedience 
to the laws of God." "All righteousness eer- 
tiiuly must mean a fullillmeut, or a doing all 
that God require?." In this we wiU not join 
issue. "All thy commandments," says the 
psalmist, "are righteousness." Pi. 119:172. 
Jesus says, "I came down from heaven not to 
do mine own will, hut the will of him that 
sent nie." John t5; 38. "I have not spoken of 
myself, but the Father that sent me, he gave 
me .1 commandment what I should say and 
what I should speak." John 12: 40. "As tbe 
Father gave me commandment even so I do." 
John 14:31, Was either the Savior's baptism, 
or his death, burial, and resurrection all that 
he was to do in perfecting the plan of salva- 
tion and fulfilling his Father's will? Did no 
righteous act precede his baptism? Would his 
baptism have effected anything without the 
righteous labors of his prophetic office upon 
which he then entered? Luke 4:18, 19, Isa. 
61: 1,2. Were his temptations, his preaching, 
his calling, and commissioning of his apostles, 
his precepts for moulding and regulating the 
characlein and lives of his followers, his laws for 
the discipline and government of the church, 
his miracles, bis profession of the divine son- 
ship and Messiahship, the institution of the 
holy supiier and communion, the washing of 
his disciples' feet, and other incidertt-s oi his 
life, no part of the righteousness which he ful- 
filled? But how could they be. if he fulfilled 
it all literally in his death, burial, and resur- 
rection, and figuratively in his baptism? Did 
he do them without his father's will and com- 
mandment? John 5: 30. Was his baptism of 
suffering in Getbsemane, which precedfd the 
bitter cup he was to drink, John 18: 10,11, 
where with holy resignation he entered upon 
high priestly duties, to deliver himself, for our 
olfenses, and to die for our siof, Heb. 2: 17; S: 
3, not a riijhteous event? And what would 
even the sacrifice of tbe cross have availed, if 
alter his resurrection, he .bad not with his own 
blood, entered the Holy of Holies, and sat 
down at the right hand of God as our Advo- 
cate and Intercessor? Was all his work com- 
plete when he was resurrected? Will it not 
continue till he "put down all role and all au- 
thority and power," "when he shall deliver up 
the kingdom to God even the Father? 1 Cor. 
15: 24. But if "righteousness is obedience to 
tiie laws of God" — if "all righteousness cer- 
taiuly must mean a ful(illnic-ut, vr a doing all 
Ihat God requires," what will become of him 
who teaches men, who can be baptized, i\iai 
they can accept all righteousness in Christ, who 
"became the author of eternal salvation to ail 
them that obey him," Heb. ."i: St, without the 
baptism which he commands, and those who 
'"■lievesucb unscriptural doctrine? Has not 
Christ commanded baptism into the name of 
each persoi- oi i\is Holy Trinity as a part of 
theev.ingelistic work of bii holy ministers lilt 
the end of the world? Matt. 28: 19. God 
said I "ivill put my words in bis moutli; an<l he 
■ihall speak unto them all that I command him. 
.Vud it shall come to pass, that whosoever will 
not hearken unto my words which he shall 
sp?ak in my name, I will rf quire it of him." 
Dent. IS: IS. 19. Will not the sonl that does : 

not hear him be destroyedi" Acts 3: 22.23. 
Willnot the hearer who doesuot obey, be like 
a foolish man who built upon the sand? Matt. 
7:26.27. Will not the k^rd .lesu^ Christ b^ 
revealed from heaven ia Himing tirs taking 
Vengeance upon them that obeij not the gospel? 
2Tbtss 1:8. With what presumption can one 
pri.miMi the righteousnt-s* oj Christ to tbe diso- 
li-dient who stand aloof from the very institu- 
tion by which he is to be professed and put on ? 
"From the prophet even uuto the priest every 
one dealeth falsely. For they have healed tbe 
hurt of the daughter of my people slightly, 
saying. Peace, peace; when there is no peace." 
Jer. S: 10, 11. "With lies ye have made the 
heart of the righteous sad whom I have not 
made sad and strengthened the hands of the 
wicked that he should not return from his 
wicked way by promising him life." E^ek. 13: 
22. The simple fact that baptism was institu- 
ted not by a Napoleon, nor a Cif iar, nor an 
Alexander the Great, but by the God of heav- 
en, by his omniscient and omnipotent authori- 
ty,— that omnipotence commands men tore- 
lient, believe and bebapli/ed, is a sulficieut re- 
buke to him who teaches that men may neg- 
lect baptism and still receive pardon. 


' Of milking many books the 


book is either written or read without a 
purpose. In the matter contained in a 
book there can be but little difference between 
the object of the writer and the student. The 
author endeavors to impart just what the stu- 
dent endeavors to learn. 

In every branch of learning there is a stand- 
ard work. A standard is that which is estab- 
lished a^ a rule or model, or it ii that which is 
taken as a correct or most complete representa- 
tive of any thing of its class. Whatever d 

its standard, is incomplete, imperfect, 
and incorrect, just as it varies. The standard 
measure of cloth is the yard. Whatever is us- 
ed for the yard is wrong just so much as it is 
different from it. If a raea.^ure does not difl'er 

ly from it, then it must he the true "yard" 


So it is with hooks; so much a; any hook dif- 
fers in the truth on any subject, from tbe stand- 
ard on that subject, so much it is wrong; hut 

hen it does not dift'er any, then it must be the 
true book itself. Webster and Worcester's dic- 
tionaiies are standard works ou orthography. 
On these subjects whatever agrees with them is 
regarded as correct, and whatever does not agree 
with tliem is considered incorrect. 

As there is a standard on the preceding sub- 
jrcts so there is ou Christianity. Christianity 
i that form of religion of which Jesus Christ is 
tbe author and founder. Religion denotes the 
diligent study of wliatever pertains to the wor- 
ship of God or tbe obligation which we feel on 
our minds Iroin the relation ia which we stand 
to some superior power. There are existing in 
the world a great many religious bodies, each 
.aving a sjatem of religion peculiar to itself. 
Murmons are governed by the "Book of Mor- 
mons." Mohammedans by the "Koran." Budd- 
Soutras, Vinayas, Abhidhrma; Bramins, 
by their/o«r Vedas; Conf'ucianists by their 37/1 
Kinij, Le-ldng, Chumtsien; Jews, by the Pen- 

People who are true to their religion are just 
what it is. They condemn in themselves what- 
ever it condemns, and approve of whatever it 
approves. Consequently the rectitude of the 
lives of all true religionists depends upon the 
accuracy of that which they accept as standard 
authority on religion. If both are equally bon- 

t and true to their religion, the life of a Chris 
tian and the life of a Mohammedan will be very 
like, because tbe authority or instruction of 
a Christian is different from that of a Moham 
medan. Tbe Christian's staudrrd book would 
t^ach him to do some things exactly r.ouEraiy 
t) what the Mohammedan's would teach. 

Snly, however, to the extent that men pos 
sess a knowledge of, and obey their religion can 
tbey be regarded as true exponents of it. It is 
possible for men to misandcrstaiid their author- 
ity so that they may accept professionally a 
doctrine and obey what tbey understand it to 
It'ach and stilt bo faUe representalives of it 
The Roman Catholic is as confident if he obej 
I be priest that he is a true representative ot 
Christianity as it is possible for a man to hr; 

while the Protestant, to be a repn-aentativH of 
the same thing, has « very dirt>rvnt faith, isa 
very ditVcreut character and lead-, a very .iiffer- 
"*nt life. Hence the necessity of each one ex- 
amining hit authority, the Bible fur b.m^elf 
rher.. H certainly a lack iu thii matter, ton; for 
If all professing Chri.,tia„s understood just wh,.t 
the Bible does would all hav. the 
same faith. Loid. and baptism: and if they had 
that they would make the same profcasion. speak 
BLd do the same things, Because all probiss- 
mg Christians do not speak and do the same 
tlungs. have not the same laith. Lord, and Imp- 
ti.m, wo conclude thai tbey must therefore not 
iiave a correct nnderstauding of their authority 
—the Bible. 

One of two things is certain. Either men do 
not understand tbe Bible, or they are di.houest. 
borne would say tbey ore dishonest, but since 
there is nothing to be gained by dishonesty, but 
everything to be lost; and since in our own ex- 
perieuce we have often believed, honestly, things 
which we afterward found to he untrue, wo pre- 
fer to attribute these difi'erences to a misunder- 
standing of the Bible rather than todishoneily. 

Professing Christians nav. have, theoretically, 
but one book from which to obtain their relig- 
ious knowledge, but practically they havo as 
many 119 there are different sects. It seems to 
us that what is necessary lo sustain a sect as a 
sert must have been necessary to produce it. 
Then since other rules than tho-e contained in 
the Bible are necessary to sustain sects, there- 
fore other rules than thoie contained in tbe Bi- 
ble produced sects. 

We now bring this matter home toourselveB 
Our ministers denounce all forms of man-made 
creeds, confe.ssions of faitb, >S:c., generally ad- 
monishing all their hearers to esmuino the word 
of God, the Bible, and see if what they said was 
according to H,~the Christians onlif rule of 
faith and practice. Believing that the Bible ia 
the Christians only rule of faith and practice 
and preaching it to the world, it would be very 
inconsistent in our church government to com- 
pel obedience to some other book. But are all 
ministers ahvays consistent? Are not Home 
rules made by man or men which thri/ endeav- 
or to force upon thtir brethren and sisters and 
those who desire to become heirs of God as req- 
uisites to Christianity? Do they not take with 
them amthrr book, not called the Bible, hut 
something else, when they go to council meet- 
ings? Would it not be more consistent for 
ministers who do this to say at the close of 
their discourses, "Take borne what I have said 
compare it with the word of God, and some oth- 
er books and rules which we sometimes use in 
council meetings, and if it is in bainiony with 
them accept and put it in practice?" 

Do we not read of a certain ioo^— not books— 
that will be opened ou a certain day, and in 
which if men's names be not written tbey ahall 
be cast into a lake of fire? What book do you 
suppose that will be? Will it be an Encyclo- 
pedia? a bookof minutes? a confession of faith? 
a discipline? a creed? Do you suppose it would 
help US any to have our names written iu them ? 
Is it not quite probable that the Book of Life 
will be tbe only one to which any attention will 
be given? And would nota clamor for salva- 
tion on account of having names written in 
"other books" be one of the many "ivondorful 
works" of which Christ will confess he knows 
nothing, but will command the clamorrra to 
depart from him as "workers of iniquity." 

Of course the various sects will bring in their 
'other books" to enforce certain interpretations 
of Bible language; but because all the good that 
can possibly be put in them is in the Bible we 
can see no earthly use for them. But one thing 
issureiifjfe have any right to make a book 
and judge men religiously by it, so have the 
Methodists,' tbe Presbyterians, the Lutherana, 
cbe Catholics and all the hosts of sects that 
have ever spread out their littl-; creeih upon 
hich tbey have built their religious temples. 
We bate creeds for they have made a mock of 
the Bible. What have they done? They have 
divided and sub-divided the religious world un- 
til there are more sects than nations and tongues. 
They have absorbed tbe holy fire of conjugal 
and parental love. They have established in- 
quisitions: flayed and burned alive the sweetest 
Hud most tender blossoms of human iunoceuce. 
Their iutluence has always been to destroy 
peace, union, harmony, love and confidence. 

Let us have the Gospel of Jesus Christ, the 
whole Gospel, and nothing but the Gospel. Amen. 

Februarv 3 

aiii; iJKKaiiiiEasr ^t -vvokk:. 

Ijistoru of the (fliutjelj. 



'pME •■aUimilUf irhi-li h'lppetifil to the chtirrli 
I innchiqit^r botli pHinlul aud iiiterestiD); 
to the Cliriatmn; paiulul because so ntdtiy uo- 
ble lives were destroyed by men iu authority, 
and iuteresling because of the end iiratire luani- 
fest«d by the children of God. 

Ikalfi 0/ aiephfii. — The word Stephen means 
(f crown, tie was a man full of faith and wis- 
dom of God. Some of the Libertines, Cyreniaiis, 
Alexandrians and Oilicians disputed with him 
«t Jerusalem iibout the year 34. and ns they 
could not resist the wisdom by wliitli he spake, 
they laid bauds on him and atoned him to death. 
Before his death he looked up into heaven and 
saw the glory of God, and Jesus at the right 
hand ul God. But the wicked people would net 
he^r him, aud forthwith stoned him to death. 
Di^vout men buried bis body, and made great 
lamentation over it. Thus did one of the noblest 
and pure!<t men yield hia life for the honor of 
Christ, dyin^ praying the Father not to lay this 
sin to the chargi) of bis murderers. 

James .iUnii with the sirm-d in Jerusalem A. D. 
45. This wii- .Limes tin-son of Zsbedee, broth 
er of John. He was present with Jetoa upon 
every niniuorable occasion, and saw his glory 
on the niuunt. After the descent of the Hcdy 
Ghost, Jamej prteacbtd considerable in Sjuiuria 
and Judea; and it is said also vi.silcd Spain. 
Claudius commauded Herod Aggrippa to sup- 
press the church of Christ, so he laid hands on 
Janiei. Cliiment says ttmt Ibo i.\ecntioner, up- 
on learning that James was innocent, turned 
and served the Lord also, and for this was exe- 
cuted with liim. As they were led to the 
place of execution, "the executioner entreated 
James to forgive him," James paused a mo- 
ment, when the executioner kindly said, "Peace 
be with yon," and then kissed him. Both were 
then beheaded. Thus passed away the first mar- 
tyr of the apostles, and the believei-s rpjoiced 
because they were counted woithy to suffer 
death for Christ. 

Philip bunnd to (I post and stoned lo dcalli at 
Jlieriipolis A. D. 54, Philip was boruin Beth- 
saida iu Galilee. He wa^ called of Christ, fol- 
lowed him, saw his miracles, aud taught the 
people as his Master directed, He spent a num- 
ber of years in Scythia, where he establiahed 
many churches. He labored much iu Syria aud 
upper Asia where he planted the truth to the 
honor and glory of God. He iiually went to 
Hitrapolis in Phrygin where he performed u 
number of miracles to convince the people. 
Here the Ebonites who worshiped idols, aud de- 
nied Christ, refused to hear Philip, caught him, 
tied him to a post, and stoned him until he 
yielded np his life to the Father, He was hu- 
rii'd in that city. Thus it was; no dirt'erence 
how lovely, how truthful, nor how pious the 
child of God, those ignorant aud debased heath- 
en gloried in his death. Here Christianity 
meant know.edge, goodness, kindness, aud ev- 
ery virtue, while on the other baud the mur- 
derers were fit represeutalious of the infidelity 
that th n prevailed. 



BY no means do I mean to pull' any one, but 
if what I shall here say puffs up any 
one who "went to college," or is in college, 
then I shall take it as evidence that the "tree" 
is esceedingly unsound at the heart; and if the 
nib of my pen penetrates the bark and fiber, 
exposing the inside, then let us feel grateful 
for the power of the nib. 

In company with Brothers D. M. Miller and 
W. H. Herrington and Sister Mary C. Row- 
land, I visited Mt, Morris, Jan. 26 and 27th, 
aud found many busy hands and heads, aud up 
iu the fourth story of the college building in a 
neat aud comfortable room we found the Com- 
mittee of Arrangements reciting //(.(> lesson. 
It was, teuts, meat, bread, butter, coffee, sugar, 
utensils, helps. S:c.,— things which will notb- 
despised about Annual Meeting tim-. They 
recited well. No doubt they had stndied hnid 
during "vacation," for their task is more than 
an ordinary one iu view of the fact that the 
"new plan'"of entertaining the multitude is to 
be observed at the uext meeting. It was pretty 

difficult to determine who. among them, was 
8choo!-T!aat«r; but before school was dismissed, 
we setiled down on .lesus as being the Teacher, 
for Iti.txpiril "pmed to cnntrol. 

1 oid nut spend all my time hearing this com- 
mittee iiaVin!; and aaswirriug(pte>tion<>, but vis- 
it-d other rooini and heard other recitations. 
Teachers aud pnpils wer^ alive to their several 
duties; and while the voices were being truinvd 
iu readine;, and the minds prepared for the du- 
ties of life, I wondered how many would be 
consecrated to the advancement of God's cause. 
May every mind ha a beautiful receptacle for 
the trutli whicli leads to eterual salvation. 
Salvation from ignorance is happiness indeed. 
Found Brother Stein well and quite cheerful; 
though his cares, anxieties, and perplexities 
have bfen numerous enougli indeed. To open 
up aud maintain an educational institution on 
the plea of reform iu life, is no small task; aud 
not a few wagged their heads and made decla- 
rations that no one could succeed who would not 
recognize fashion's follies; hut Brethren SteiDi 
New.omer and others said it could be done, 
aud if irns. All thiugshave adjusted themselves 
(o the pica, and now we can all rejoice in the 
prospect of right ptjociples gaiuiug the ascend- 

Brother D.L Miller aud wife, like Huldab, 
the propiietess, (2 Kings 22; 14) live in the r.ol- 
lerje and dispense smiles and cheerfulness to all 
who visit them Sister Mattie Lear seems to 
enjoy her work, and is as ready as ever to show 
that charity and kindness which betokeus a 
happy heart. We spent Tuesday as we did 
Monday, aud returned home Wednesday morn- 
ing. Arrangements are being made for all 
those who may wish to visit th" school on their 
way to or from next Annual Meeting. 

Brethren at VVojik aud Children at Work 
ue year to same address, §1 90. 

Choice collection of books for sale at Breth- 
ren at Work office. Send for catalogue, and 
select a good library for yourself and family. 

To be successful in preaching, "Begin low, 
proceed slow, take forethought, rit-e higher, he 
self-possessed when most impressed." 

We learn that President Hajes has appoint- 
ed Brother Howard Miller Supervisor of 
Census for one of the Congressional Districts in 


Brother John Landis, of West. Newton, 
Allen County, Ohio, wishes to know the where- 
abouts of an old brother by the name of John 
Landis. When last heard from he was in 

Adout 1000 five-cent Testaments are sold 
d.iily by the American Bible Society. Skeptics 
and over-wise scientists have nut quite turaed 
that good Booli into obscurity. Let the light 


Thb" Yottnq Disciple is oue of the things 
which gladden the hearts of children. It is 
printed on good paper, contains instructive 
matter for the little ones, aud should be wel- 
comed in every family. ^ 

A MAS in Indiana oft'ers S200 to any one who 
believes in prayer and anointing (James 5. 35) 
that will come and restore healtU to his wife. 
He must he a disciple of Simon Magus (Acts S: 
20) instead of Christ Jesus. 

The "Disciples" iu Chicago have agreed to 
permit the Brethren to use their house for 
meeling purposes. Now since the way is open 
e, we hope that the Brethren will go iu 
aud set up the standard. 

From February 2od to February ISth, the 
dress of W. J. H. Bauman will be Falls City, 

Richardson County, Nebraska, care of D. E. 

Fry; From February 18th to March 3d. at 

WinSeld, Cowley County, Kansas, care of John 

Eastou. _ 

Asv on? wishing a bound volumij of the 
Brethke.v at Work for 1S79 will please send 
§2.2.5 to this olflce, and we will send it by ex- 
press, purchaser to pay charges. Please give 
the name of your nearest express office when 

The Lord called unto him his stc:vards to 
give them talents. To oue he gave jue talent, 
aud he was too indolent to use even this one, 
aud no doubt the Lord knew this, hence gave 
hini no more. The man who is too lazy to n?e 
one, certainly would not use a hundred if he 
had them. 

Bkethrbn M. T. Baer and Joseph Michael 
have been holding meetings in Lawrence, Kan- 
sas, a city of about 10,000 inhabitants. We 
learn that the interest was good, and that the 
attendance gradually increased throujrhout. 
May the Lord give the increase. 

Wh\t say th? childreu about raisiog enough 
mouuy to build u meeting-hoiwe for the Danish 
Breihreu? It would be a v.rry charitable act, 
and we think you can gather enough //lis year 
to build a house in ISSl. What have you to 
say, youug friend.s? Shall Bro. West write 
more about it? We suggest that be receive 
the money and take care of it until enough is 
received. His address is Sinking Springs, Ohio. 

We now have on hand a uew supply of i\jiti- 

Secret Tracts. The following is a list of them: 

Free Aliisonry lUustrated, 3 degrees, papt-r. . .5 .40 

1 " cloth... 1.00 

Odd Fellowship ■' ; 25 

iMasonrya Work of Darkness 10 

Tliirteen Heiksons wliy a Chnstlan cannot be 

a Free-masou m 

Oalbs, .Vc. of 33 Degrees 10 

There has been a cigar case before an English 
court. The a'torney for defend ut, ( aid, "cigar" 
does not always imply "tobacco" since they 
might and do chiefly consist of bay and cabbage 
leaves. The couit ajreed with dtfeud- 
ent's counsel and dismissed the ciwe. Well hay 
and cabbage leaves are not quite as bad as to- 
bacco. What next? Come, young men, bo 
healthy, wealthy aud wise by abstaining froi 

Edpcation comprehends the formation of 
the mind, "the regulation of the heart, and the 
establishment of principles. The mother tells 
her infant that two and two make four, thi 
child remembers the proposition, and is able to 
count four for all purposes of life, till the course 
of his education brings him among philosophers, 
who frighten him from his former knowledge 
by telling him that foar is a certain aggregate 
of uniiB." 

Having just received a very large stock of 
envelopes we are i.gain prepared to fill all or- 
ders without delay. Although envelopes cost 
much more than formerly, by purchasing in 
large quantities we can still afford to sell them 
at former prices, viz : 

1 package contaning 2.) envelopes 12ct'. 

Per hundred 40cLs. 

Thb letter from James Chrystal, which ap- 
peared in No. 3, was written to Brother Hope, 
who sent it to us, and its spirit, we thought, 
should be mode public. To pretend publicly to 
love a people, aud then privately assail them 
and their principles smatters largely of dt-cep- 
tion; and since reading Mr. Chrystal's letter, 
we have concluded that the Brethren at 
Work shall no longer be a medium for him to 
advocate his theory among our people. May 
the Lord help him to a change of heart. 

Mast young, as well as old people, desire to 
read about the countries nieationed in the Bi 
bie. "Through Bible Lands," a work of 413 
pages, beautifully bound in cloth, is one of the 
best works on that subject. It carries the read- 
er pleasantly and profitably through Bible 
Lands, so that he can see the oid lands in the 
light and beauty of coming civilization. Every 
page of the book is useful, cheerful and enter- 
taining, and those who love the study of the 
Bible, will find it a pleasant companion. 
Price $2.25, post-paid. For sale at this office. 

Alexander Dickson says of Jesus, "He 
knew how badly some of them would behave, 
and that allot them would forsake him the 
last night of his lifi,- upon earth; and yet, going 
into an upper room, and taking a basin of 
water, and girding himself with a towel, he 
washed the feet of all twelve." 

It appears Mr. Dickson regards feefc-washiug 
to have been performed, not at the hou?e of 
Simon iu Bethany, but in the upper room in 
Jern3;d?m. But suppose Jtsns did wash his 
disciples' feet at Bethany, does that disaunni 
thecommand," Ye ought to wash one another's 
feet?" Does he not command, "Love your en- 
emies?" Is this Ommind void became it 
was not given in the upper room? Did he 
not command, "Lay up not treasures for your- 
selves upon earth?" Was this command given 
in the upper room in Jerusalem? We believe 
that Jesus washed his disciples' feet in the op 
per room in Jerusalem on the night in nhich 
he was betrayed. But suppose he did not. does 
tue phice in which a command is given or an 
institntion.set up, have anylhing to do with its 
validity? Shed some light here, ye modem 

One of our agents suys: "Some think yon 
are too old-fashioned and plain in your writing 
on church mattera: they would like uot so 
much said against pride." 

Why should we not, as Paul, 'Sise great 
plainness of speech" (2 Cor. :{; 12)? Why 
should not the servants of God be fashioned 
after the old manner? Did not the children 
of Israel "eat ot the old corn" (Jo*h. 6: IDp 
and are not God's children to build the old 
waste places (Isa. 5S: 12):' We accept the 
charge of being old-fashioned, which means 
fashioned after him who died for us. that 
we may be more ond more like him! .\s to 
pride, who has too little? The Lord help us to 
thrust it through with the sword of the spirit 
wherever wc find it. 

And now the worldly-minded have tried to 
comhiue the Sunday-school und the theatre. 
The Williaton Congregational Chnrch, N. Y., 
got up a play, entitled, "EUshn." An old man 
represented "Elisha," and forty children mock- 
ed him, and then two "bears" came ont to tear 
the children. All the children lell on their 
faces, but one stout boy who showed fight. He 
struck one of the "bears" with a club, which 
made the "bear" scream, and then thb other 
"bear" came to hia assistance. By this time 
the old prophet came back, struck both "bi^ara," 
knocked dowu the chandelier, aud the cry of 
fire was raised. And now the father of the 
two boys who played bear, lias sued "the proph- 
et" for assault and battery. Such religioua 
pretensions are no better than that of the most 
degradei) heathen. Surely the devil is a hard 

A "LoNO siTPPBRiKo Cojir." on tho Nodoicay, 
(Mo.,) Demoi-ral, makes the following practical 
suggestions to correspondents: 
■ ■• Write on only one aide of tho paper. Num- 
ber the pages in the order in which they follow 
each other — dou't paste them together in a long 
sheet; it is only labor lost, as pages of manu- 
script, to he used conveniently on tho "casa," 
should be short; consequently if your copy is 
pasted together it must be cut apart .again— 
and when this duty devolves upon the compos- 
itor he is apt to forgot tho Scriptural injunc- 
tion, "Charity thinketh no evil." Write names 
plain^ and spell them correctly; it does not 
make so much difference as to other words— al- 
though tliere would be no sorrowing were every- 
thing written « la copperplate. Gentle corre- 
spondent, heed these suggestions, offered in a 
friendly spirit, aud thine shall be tho glory." 

We endorse the following item from fOon's 

"We must say to some of our writers to be 
brief, to condense, to give the pith, the cream, 
the essence, the fire. Press your thoughts, 
pack them, bring everything to a burniag, 
scorching focus. Avoid prefices, circumlocu- 
tions; rush right into your subject at once. 
Begin before you think of it, and keep dashing 
on wish all your might uutii you are done. 
This thought is also equally applicable to 
preaching, praying, exhorting, testifying, say 
what you have to say, and stop! A tremendous 
thought may be packed ijito small c impass — 
made as .lolid as a cannon ball, and, like that 
projectile, cut down all before it. Short art:- 
clei are generally more effective, and find more 
readers, and are more widely copied than long 
ones Pack your thoughts closely together, 
and though your article may bo brirf, i( will 
have more freight, and will be more likely to 
make an impression." 

We can fancy the grim smile on the face of 
the publisher, overwhelmed in all likelihood 
With letters, mauuscript3,pr(^ofs,books, and bus- 
iness of every tort,at the impatience of the lady. 
Most publishers, and editors too, have doubtless 
had rather amusing experiences of the inno- 
cent impatience of correspondence. Letters to 
the editor often run as if the poor man had 
nothing whatever to do from morn to dewy 
!ve but attend to their papers. He may be 
troggling like adray-horae in an overloaded 
s-ftgon, to overtake the piles of crabbed hand- 
writing in prose and verse that burden his 
table, and possibly, iu r'?gard to a given p,iper 
thinking of inserting it in the course of the 
on, when down comes a thundering epistle 
demanding why it did not appear in the last 
number. Well, the impatience of correspon- 
dents is not always innocent. Some have a 
spiteful pleasure in stinging the editor for "re- 
jecting" what the unhappy man never as) ed, 
II' be had only time, he might explain things, 
and perhaps pacify them; but perhaps not Ed- 
'tors, we suppose, must submit to be counted 
tyrants, and probably fools bo boot, by a large 
proportion of the ill-fated volunteers to whose 
surpassing merits they are so often inveterately 
blind.— 5f/. 

'ri±iL. ±ix<iL.'ij:i±iii:i^ ^T AVOKic 

February 3 

^omc anil ^amilg. 

HuabaniJa, love your wives. Wives, aubmit your- 
Mlvea unto your own huabjiiids. Children, obey 
Toar parents. Fathers, provokenot your children to 

wrath, bill briiiK tli'-m up l" f"* nurture and ad- 
monltinn of th" l.nnl, tiervanta. be obedient to 
them liiitt iirti yuiir moaterH.— Paul. 


A group of iioble Ir^s stands berti 

Before my cottage door. 
And on a bough that reaches near 

Till) upper clinmber floor 
There siU und sings a merry thrush, 

No song could sweeter be ; 
And as hn sings he bring) a gush 

Of liiippiness to me. 
For in'his song he telis of One 

W)io mnde him thus to sing; 
Who knows, beneath the summer sun, 

Eachsinallest living thing; 
Whoso searching eyes run to and fro 

Upon the earth and sea 
Where best the strength and love to show 

Of hislnllnity. 
O Blessed God, tbou lovest best. 

Within this world so fiilr. 
The humble, contrite hearts that rest 

Upon thy world-wide care ; 
Who. even when they weep with grief. 

Can look up in Thy face. 
Waiting thy smile to give relief ; 

Thy time for patient grace. 
There are-- who of their fancies form 

A phantom Ilappiuoss, 
And after that, through sun or storm. 

With Idle haste they press. 
Someinake it of expected gold ; 

But e'er their fortunes come. 
Death's audtlen winter turns them cold. 

And drops them in the tomb. 
Some follow hard a beckoning Fame, 

And study day and night. 
Her shining laurel-w^eatha to claim 

With An established right; 
But, ah. she fails the strongest hope! 

The mingled breathsof men 
Just blow the bubble Honor uji. 

To diisli it down again. 
Some think thai, by a change of place, 

Thoy surely will posse (s 
This phantom of their constant chase, 

This winged Happiness. . 

And so Ihev cross tlie sets and live 

In far-olT laiuls, but llnd 
That foreign homes can never give 
' Thij boon to heart or mind. 

The simplest pleasures are most sweet. 

Like the fresh smell of grass 
Now falling at the mower's feet; 

Or, like the winds that pass 
And greet you with the fragrant grace 

Of many a honeyed [lower 
That in some grpen, fern-shided place 

Lives out its little hour, 
To win tlie prize, we never must , 

Make joy our only goal ; 
But if, with (luiet, steadfast trust, 

And self-foraettina soul 
We make God's will ouv <aily thought. 

Duty our daily cave. 
Then lliippiuess will come unsought, 

An angol unaware. 

—K,;v Ywk Vbscna: 


iij HAVE finished my education," says the 
X young la-ty as she returns from college, 
"and now I iuteiid to enjoy mjself aud rest 
awhile," and :^he commences a regula'r do-noth- 
ing, everyday Hfe, She sings and plays, eats, 
sleeps, cliauges her dress ever^' few hours, aud 
makes aud receives calls, while, perhaps, her 
poor o'd mother is in the kitchen or bending 
over the wash tub. 'Her education may he fin- 
ished in her estimation, aud 3'et she may not 
know how to cook a meal or keep her room in 
order. She may think, now as she is educated 
she will marry a rich man, aud of course will 
not need to work, but surely she is mistaken. 
Ladies, no mutter how much French aijd Latin 
you know, nor how well you can play on the 
piano, your education is uot complete uuti] y 
have ft thorough and practical kuowledge of 
housework. You should learu how to cook 
and bake, wash aud iron, and especially how to 
sweep und dust aud make a house look neat 
and attractive. No difference if you do marry 
a rich man, if he is a (»■»« gentleman hn will 
have a much highrr appreciation of yon if you 
try to keep his home tidy, and help to take 
care of bis riches or it will not last long. How- 
ever rich a mau may be if he has au extrav- 
agant wile it will soont^ke nings aud Hyaway. 
Many a man has been induced to spend his 
evenings "down lowu," perhaps iu the grog 
shop or at the billiard table, because bis home 
was uot inviting. 1 do not believe that wo- 
man's spliers is confined to the home circle; she 
oan g« out and bless mankind in a more eiten- 

rled field of labor, but the old adage that 
'Woman makes the home," should not be over- 
looked by those who assume such responsibli; 
positions. No woman should depend upon ser- 
vants to manage her house; she ought to have 
a practical knowledge ol the work herself, aud 
then she can direct those who assist with better 

Education is all right; we only regret that 
we are not all educated, but we should not neg- 
lect our domestic training. It is not what we 
know, but what we (/«, that is a real benefit to 
ourselves or others, and if we sit with folded 
hands and let others do the work, what good 
will education do ua? Music and other accom- 
plishments are also good in their place and ex- 
ert a refining inHuence, but they should not 
take the place of those things which are more 
especially intended to make home pleasant. A 
practical knowledge oE all the mysteries of the 
kitchen will render no woman less a true lady, 
nor will a finished college education detract 
from her sphere as a yood housfkreper, if it 
is properly applied. Au educated woman is 
Qertainly better i)ualified to make a home happy 
thau au ignorant one, and this is what the 
world needs and then we will have less crinie 
and misery. 

Home should not only be a place where peo- 
ple eat and sleep, wash and scour, but where 
the members of the family can gather around 
the evening lamp and converse on subjects that 
may be interesting and instructive, in an Intel- 
lieeut manner. To do this the nihid must be 
trained and disciplined and stored with healthy 
food. Good, sound reading-matter is a blessing 
to any family, and the custom of one readiug 
aloud is truly enjoyable. lu ihis way the in- 
tellectual want^ may be supplied, and nothing 
the domestic line need be neglected. We 
often hear people say, "I have no time to read," 
but this is a great mistake. None of us are so 
busy that we have no leisure, aud if we cultivate 
a taste for good reading these odd moments 
will be well improved, It may be ouly a par- 
agraph or a few lines at a time, but if only a 
thought is added to ouritock of kuowledge, we 
gain something, and ^ince life is made up 
of little things we should carefully improve the 
spiure time at our command, if the time that 
is spent in idle gossip and poring over the 
trashy, yellow-backed literature that is scattered 
profusely all over the land was devoted to such 
only as is elevating, ennobling and purifying, 
our ideas of truth aud right would be lifted to a 
higher plane and our happiness would proceed 
from a purer source. 

There arx two extremes. While some think 
their education is finished when they escape 
from college, others feel that if they only know 
how to keep a house dean all is right. This, 
too, is a wrong view of the question. We need 
both,iu order to make home pleasant and enter- 
tain company intelligently. When our friends 
vi.<it us they want more than biy dinners. They 
expect to find us able to converse with them 
and make their stay enjoyable, and we should 
try to inform ourselves so that we can feel at 
home in the social circle as well as in the kitch- 
en. There is too much one-sided education 
among us, and a reformation in this respect is 

The most practical education is what we 
g-itber from every-day life, — from connection 
with business transactions aud the common 
things we come in contact with, aud if we are 
earnest gleaners, not a day will pass wntbout 
accumulating some knowledge that will be of 
benefit to us while trying to meet the respon- 
sibilities imposed upou us. 

Lait'irk, III. 

language and disrespectful treatment too often 
ndulged in between those bound together by 
God's own ties of blood, and the still more sa- 
id bonds of conjugal love. — Set. 

Wh.vt we need is to write the word right- 
eousness on the play-grounda where the little 
children go to school; write it over every open 
door through which young men enter upou 
their life-work; write it on every carriage in 
which men ride io business, and women to 
their shopping; write it on the walls of every 
bank, counting-room, and public building ; 
write it over the entrance of every church, that 
every man may see it when making a public 
profession of his faith in Christ; write it so 
plainly that he who would make haste to he 
rich and great may learn that there is but one 
road to real success in ^he world, aud that is 
the road of strict integrity, God has not given 
a promise of his iavor in this, or any other 
world, to any but the righteous man. The man 
who lives righteously is the only man thatnesd 
apply fpjr adniiBsion to the heavenly kiugdom. 

— Golden Hide. 


THERE are few families, we imagine, any- 
where, in which love is uot abused as 
furuisliing a license for impoliteness. A hus- 
band, or father, or brother, will speak harsh 
words to those he loves the best, and to those 
who love him the be^t, simply because the 
security of love aud family prjde keeps him 
from getting his head broken. It is a shame 
that a man will speak more impolitely at times 
to his wife or sister thau he would dare to any 
other female except a low and vicious one. It 
is thus that the holiest ati'ectious of a man 
nature prove: to be a weaker protection to a 
womau in the family circle than the restraints 
of society, aud that a woman usually is indebted 
for the kindest politeness of life to those uot 
belonging to her own household. Things 
ought not to be so. The man who, because it 
will not be resented, iufiicts his spleen and bad 
temper upon those of his hearthstone, is a 
small coward and a mean man. Kind words 
are the circulating medium between true geu- 
tl'-man aud true ladies at home, and no polish 
eshibited in society can atone for the harsh 


TWO boys passing uear a large tree, found a 
fine large walnut. 
"It belongs to me," said Bernhard, "because I 
saw it first." 

"No it's mine, since 1 picked it up," replied 
James; and there soon resulted an augry 1 
tention between the two. A large boy was 
appealed to lor iiis judgment in the case. Crack 
ingopen the nut, he thus decided: 

"Bernhard, you take this shell, since you first 
saw the nut; and to you belongs the other shell, 
as you picked it up. The contents of the nut 
belong to me as payment of the court e.xpen 
-ses, as is fitting and usual in cases where the 
law is appealed to." — Sd. 

The heat parts of human qualities are the 
tenderness and delicacy of feeling in little mat' 
ters, the desire to soothe and please othe^rs, the 
minuliiP of the social virtues. Some ridi 
these as femiuiue attributes, which are left out 
of many men's natures; bat I have known the 
brave, the intellectual, the eloquent to possess gentle qualities; the braggart, the weak, 
never! Benevolence aud feeling ennoble the 
most trifikug actions. 

0n«i gihlif ^lass. 

must needs be that oftrnees come, but woe to that 
man by whom the offence cometh. Wherefore if 
thy hand or thy foot olleud thee cut them oil Kiid 
cast them from ibee; it is better for then to enter 
into life halt or maimed rather than having two 
bands or two feet to be cast into everlaitlng ntw. 
Aud if thine eyo olTeiid thee pluck it out aud cast 
it from theo;itis better for thee to enter into life 
with one eye rather than having two eyes to be 
cast into hell fire. M. Ueuhr. 

'IIHE Sivior's subject is offenses. "Woe to 
X that man by whom the offence cometh." 
"Wherefore," (for which reason,) "if thy hand, 
or thy foot offend, cast them from thee." 
"Hand" and "foot" evidently mean inclinations, 
actions, propensities; and these, though they 
may be lawful, if they offend "one of these little 
ones" CHi tlieiii njf. Since the man who offends 
must suffer woe, let none become ollenders. — 
That none may be otfeudsrs, yield your special 
privileges — your just inclinations, for each one 
must perform his part in the salvation of his 
fellow-man. "Keep thy foot when thou goest 
to the house of God. (Eccl. 6: 1), which means 
keep thy affections, thy right actions. In 
Matt. 0:3. the "right hand" denotes our near- 
est and dearest friend. Even these are uot to 
know of our charities. 

Haud denotes po^ver, strength, (Exodus 5: 0), 
possession (1 Kings 11:31), tyranny (Ex. 18:9): 
It is better to go into life with some strength, 
thau to go into hell with all strength. It may 
be lawful to eat meat, yet if this eating cause 
another to offend, better live on herbs exclu- 
sively. It may be your privilege, and do you 
no hurt to stand on the street and see the 
grand pageant pass by, yet if by so doing you 
make another to offend, to do some wicked act, 
better uot stand there. Paul donitd him- 
self of many privileges in order to save some; 
and so should we. 

' Ben Wilson renders the 7th and Sth verse 
thus; ''Alas for the world, because of snares, for 
it must be that snares come: but alas for that 
man through whom the snare comes. If then, 
thy hand or thy foot insnare thee, cut it off and 
throw it away." The question was that of 
gre^tacss among the disciples. It seems to me 
that Jesus would thus teach us, that eveu when 
the dearest o'jject of our heart would oH'end, 
cut it off. Forsake father, mother, brotherf, 
sisters for Christ's sake. If our earthly parent 
should occupy a position in the church, and be- 
come an offender, fear not to cut him off — with- 
draw fellowship from him that he may be 
saved in due time. Sometimes our right baud, 
the overseer of the church offends, aud he must 
be cut off. Thus from many points we ma): 
l'.'arii a useful lesson on this subject. M. m. e. 

Che Worth of Truth no Tongue Can Tell" 

This department is designed for asking aud ou- 
iwering questions, drawn from the Bible. In or- 
Jor to promote the Truth, all questions should be 
urief, and clothed in simple language. We shall 
isaign questions to our contributors to answer, 
oat this does uot exclude any others writing upon 
the same topic. 

Will some one pleasir-expUin how ths mammon 
of unrjghteousnesi can receive ua into everlasting 
habit.itions'^ "I say unto yuu make to yourselves 
friends of the mammon of unrighteousness that 
wlien ye fail they may receive you into everlasting 
habitations." A. A. Ob^rlin. 

Will some one explain the l.jth and 3'-'th verses 
of the ;;.Sth of Matt. The luth reads thus: " ,91ien 
ye therefore shall see the aboaiia.itiou of desola- 
tion spoken of by Daniel tlie, prophet stand ia the 
holy place." vVhat is Ihe abomination, and what 
and where is the holy place 'i* The2,sth verse reads: 
-For whithersoever the carcass is there will the 
eagles be gathered together." What is the carcass, 
and what are the eagles i*. A. F. 

please explain Matt. 15:27; "And she said truth 
Lord, yet the dogs eat of the crumbs whiih fall 
from their master's table." What is meant by the 
dogs eating the crumbs. 

Also 2 Cor. 0; 14: "Be ye not uuei|Uftlly yokei 
together with unbelievers, for fellowship 
'hath rigliteousness wiih unrighteousness, and 
what commimionhath light with darkness 'i-" Does 
this have reference to the Churchor marri.ige rela- 

tionV S.\.RAU Mi:SSEL3IAX. 

Will some one please explain Matt. i2: -10. "For 
as .lonas was three days and three nights in the 
whale's belly, so shall the Son of Man be three 
days and three nights in the heart of the earth," 

lu the whale's belly, in which he was a type 
of Christ's burial, three days and three nights, 
that is part of three days and nights. The bu- 
rial of Christ took place on Friday, that was 
reckoned, according to Jewish custom, as one 
day, Saturday, through the whole of which 
Christ was in the tomb, called the heart of the 
earth was another day, and the Christian Sab- 
bath ou the morniug of which he rose from 
the dead was Che third day.or according to their 
mode of speaking, three daya an i thr^-e nights 
S. A. Miller 


Will some one please explain Ma't. 18:7, 
■'Woe imto the world because of offenses, for it 



From Sidon to Ca;sarea Phillppi. 

{ frotu tfao "OLridUDn StAQdatil" tj spedaL AmiQKVmDDL) 

ON account of the disaster mentioned in my 
last letter, we saw but little of Sidon; and 
fortunately for us it has little to iut-rest the 
antiquary, lU tombs, being the only remains of 
antiquity. These have been robbed of their 
contents along time, and even the sarcophagi 
which once held the dust of her honored dead, 
have been carried aw.iy to the museums of 
London and Paris Mon. Kenan, so well known 
in America as an infidel writer, was chief of a 
company of French hervants, who thoroughly 
examined the antiquities of this city and Tyre, 
3 few years ago. The modern city has a popu- 
lation of about ten thousand, and it has long 
been the 1 eadquarters of an American Presby- 
terian Misiiou, which has subordinate stations 
and schools at many villages of the interior. 

From Sidon our course ran nearly due south- 
east toCiPtarea PhiUippi, which we reached by 
two short day's travel. We camped the first 
night at Nabalyeh, a mountain village in the 
sonthernextremity of Pho-uicia, lyccupied by 
Greek Christians. Our tents were pitched in 
au orchard of larjja fig trees, which was also a 
stubble field, the wheat having but recently 
b:eu harvested. Here an old man came to ns 
with iintiifte.-' fo sell, cou'^istiii^ of ancient gold 
and copper coins, ear-rings and earthen-ware 
lamps. We asked him where he found them, 
aud he said he dug them out of graves io a 
sephulcher near by. We asked him to show 
us the sephutcher, and he led us to a place in 
the corner of a field, where, by crawling on 
our fiices we entered a rock-hewn chamber 
abmt twenly feet square, from which eight 
other smaller chambers opened, two on each 
side and fjur in the rear. In the 6oor of pach 
of thtsi chamter?, but one, there were two 
graves side by side, aud in the one there 
was asiugle grave. Here a family of fifteen 
perJODs had been carefully buried, at great ex- 
piuse. Both the chambers and the individnsl 
graves being dog in the solid rock; and here 

Febrnnrv 3. 


they had rested f|uietlyfoi mor?, perhap.", than 
two thoDBaii'l yenrs, when these arabj, Imvitig 
accidf-n tally discovered the sepulcber whilf 
plowing ill their Kiiid, had opened the gTHve.* 
find scattered the ImiieB in search of tlie i->wf I- 
ry and coins which were huried with the Head. 
Pieces of hnniau bonc'^ fmni every part of the 
body lay scattered about the rificd grave?, and I 
romarlu'd to my companiiios that I felt almost 
like a ^r<ire robber myti-'lt', in that I ivaii en- 
couniging the old man by buying Honie of hi» 
trinkets. Here was a tomb but recently rob- 
bed, illustrative of a work which hns been eo- 
ioK on in the^c old countries for tliousands of 
years. It has resulted from the unwi^^e practice 
prevalent among the ancients, of burying 
dead persons' personal ornnmenf^ weapons, 
and other valuables, with the dead body. As 
it wat only the rich who were buried in rock- 
cut ^epulchers, while tliH poor were put away 
in the ground as they now are,sepulchera offer- 
ed pri/53 which have lud to the riHiiig of all 
that hiive been found. By the by, the Savior's 
body would not have been laid in a sepulchre 
had it not been a rich man who undertook his 

About four miles on our way from Nabaliyeh, 
we came to the renowned castio of Bellel'orte, 
one of the most lofiy perched and strongly 
built of all the cn-nlles which witnessed the 
conflicts between Arabs and ChriBtiims, Sara- 
cen and cnisaders. It covers the buminit of a 
conical shaped hill, Bve hundred iuet above the 
plain which surrounds it on ei-erp side exco pt 
the eiLst. On thiit side there is a perpendicular 
precipice descending about two thousand feet 
to the bed of the river Litany. From its lofly 
battlements the Litany can be traced lor many 
miles, and it looks like a small creek not over 
three feet wide, though it is a deep river from 
forty to sixty feet across. A few miles south 
of the castle this remarkable stream turns due 
west and cuts its way through the mountains, 
very much as New River in West Virginia cuts 
its wav through the Alleghanies. It forma the 
dividing line between Fhreoicta and the Land 
of Israel, and reaches the sea a few miles below 

After descending from Belleforte and cross- 
ing the Litauy, on an ancient bridge, we came 
intiia series of elevated plains which anciently 
belonged to the kingdom of Tyre; after cross- 
ing thero opened before us one of the 
most beautiful little valleys that we saw in all 
our travels. It is called lyuu, and is the Ijun 
of the scriptures, the most northern posssession 
of the tribe of Nnpbthali. It is about fi' 
miles long from north to south and about two 
miles wide. 

It was covered, when wo saw it, with alter- 
nate sections of yellow grain and green doura, 
and it is surrounded in every direction except 
the south with a rim of smooth mountain 
ridges. It seemed at 'first sight, to have 
outlet; but when we reached it^ soutjiern end, 
we found that a little stream which drains it 
cuts through the low ridge at this end, and de- 
scends through a narrow gorge which it hat 
made, into the valley of the upper Jordan for 
the first time. We could see Lake Uuleh. an- 
cieutly called The Waters of Merom; occupy- 
ing the center of tho plain, and far beyond it 
the chasm in the hills through which the Jor- 
dan descends into the lake of Galilee. At our 
right, on a hill overlooking the lake, is the site 
of Ilagar, the city of Jabiu, king of Canaan, 
who was conquered by Jostua, Nearer to us, 
and beautifully situated on a rounded bill-top, 
we saw the village of Abil, the ancient Abel- 
beth Miiachah, where Sheba took reiuge when 
pursued by David's army under Joab, and over 
whose walls his head was thrown to Joali by 
the advice of a wise woman in the city. See 
2 Sam. 20: 1-22. While we were looking at it 
A8s;id told us that Brother M. D. Todd and he 
stayed all night there while the former was 
making his tour of Palestine. 

The valley before us is about twenty miles 
long, ruuing rearly due north and south, and 
about five miles wide- It is completety sur- 
rounded by hills, most of which are 1000 feet 
high. Through a gap in those of its southern 
end, the Jordan makes its rapid descent of 6^0 
feet to the lake of Galilee. Only a small por- 
tion of the plain is in cultivation, the remain- 
der being wet and unhealthy but furnishing 
tine grazing through the dry season. 

Our route led us eastward along the north- 
ern eud of this valley across the river Hasbaug, 
which enters it through a narrow and deep 
cbasiu, thence to the ancient city of Dan, and 
thence to Cicsarea PhiUppi. The slight eleva- 
tion on which Dan stood is now called T^ll tl 
K'lili, Hill of the Judge, which is the same es 
the Hill of Dan; for dan in Hebrew and Kadi 
in Arabic are the same as judge in English. 
The rim left by its crumbled walls mark the | 
limits of the ancient town, inclosing a space I 

about 330 yards long and 270 wide. Xear the 
aouth-west corner of this space bursts forth 
out of the ground one of the largest and fin»'st 
springs in tli-^ world. Its water is icy cold, 
makingyour teethe aehe as you drink it, and i( 
liowB away a full grown river, furnishing near- 
ly half the Wat. r nf the Jordan. The surround- 
tingsoil isexceeding'y rich, and being well wa 
ertd, it puts fortba vegetation an rank that it h 
impossible to break through the briars, bu.shes 
and low growing fig trees which surround the 
fountain head. This rank growth is not con- 
fined to the fount.iin head, but extends along 
the course of the stream until it is lost in Lake 
Huleh, There are no ruins left in Dan except 
the rim made by the crumbled walN, and a 
building slone lying about in confusion. It 
was the most northern city of ancient Israel, 
and when we reached it, though we had not 
gone "from Dan to Beersheba," we had explor- 
ed the country all the way from Beersheba to 

About three miles due east of Dan, and situ- 
ated ou a little higher elevation, we found the 
ruins of Cicsarea Pbilippi, It was originally 
a heathen town called Paneas. It has gone to 
ruin in the days of the Herods, probably ou 
account of its unhealthy locality, and Herod 
Philip rebuilt it, giving it the name Ctcsarea 
Philippi, in joint honor of himself and Tiberi- 
us C;e^ar. After the Roman dominion passed 
away, it resumed, in tho language of the peo- 
ple, its original name, and it has come down to 
the present day under the name Banias, an 
Arabic corruption of Paneas. 

Our camp was pitched under some magnifi- 
cent shade tree north of the town, and there 
flowed bfetween us and it a rushing roaring 
stream of water, spanned by a rudely built 
stone bridge. As soon as we were settled in 
our tents, I walked out and followed this 
stream to its fountain head, not more than two 
hundred yards eastward af ourcamp, and there 
1 found another magnificent spring, second on- 
ly among all that I had yet seen, to the one at 
Dun. It rises from uudera ledge of solid rock, 
but makes its way to the suri'ace through a 
mass of loose stones, large and small, which 
have fallen into it. A narrow .shelf of rock 
about 50 feet high lies back of the spring, and 
from this there springs a perpendicular preci- 
pice not less than 100 feet high. In the face 
of this precipice is a yawning cavern whose 
dark recesses are suggestive of fear and super- 
stition, while to tlie right of the cavern sever- 
al niches for statues, and one little chapel with 
an altar in it are cut in the face of the cliff. 
These have 'every appearance of being relics 
of the heathen worship once conducted 
here in honor of the imaginary gods who sent 
forth this copious stream to bless the land. 

The water of this spring, like lliat of the 
spring of Dan is remarkably cold. They are 
both supplied by the melliug snows of Mt, 
Hermon, at whose base they lie. The fountain 
of banias constitutes tiie mo-it e.istern source 
of Jordan; that at Dan the central and princi- 
pal source: ani th^ river Hasbany, which also 
rises in a large spring about twenty miles 
north-east of the other two, the western source. 
Nearly all of the water which the Jordan car- 
ries into the lake of Galilee, and much the 
greater part of all that it carries into the Dead 
Sea, is drawn from these three sources. It ii 
astonishing to behold such volumes of water 
coming forth from tbeearth, when tho surface 
is everywhere asdry as a powder house, and 
when you know that not a drop of rain has 
fallen for three months. 

The stream which issues from the great 
spring of CfiPiarea Philippi, sweeps along the 
entire base of its northern wall, mid then, mak- 
ing abrupt turn, washes in the same manner 
the base of the western wall. At the south- 
west corner of the city it is met at right angles 
by a deep, narrow fissure iu the natural rock, 
along whose precipitous side the southern wall 
was built so t.iat on every side except the east 
the city is surrounded by a natural moat. On 
the east side the ground rises gradually toward 
a spur of Mt. Hermon, on the foot of which 
pur the city was built. Some parts of the an- 
ient wall stilt eiist on every side, but chiefly 
on the -south, where we rode out through a well 
preserved gateway, upon a stooe bridtiu span- 
ning the rocky chasm on that side. 

Withiu the circuit of the walls is a small vil- 
lage, the one-story houses of which are con- 
structed of the ancient material, and some of 
them are perched on the massive foundations of 
ancient buildings. Scattered about in every di 
rection, are seen, broken columns, capitals, ped- 
estils, and large blocks of hewn stone, which 
would declaK to the most careless observer that 
liere once stood a city of no mean pretension.-. 
About one mile east of the town, the moun- 
tain spur culminates in a precipice rock at leai>t 
one thousand feet above the town. Its top ia com 

pletely covered by an old castle about one- 
tourth of a mile long, 2jO yards wide at ifa 
west end, and IJO at its east end. its outer 
walls are still preserved almost entire, and afler 
a laboriooaclimb of three-fourths of an hour 
up the most accessibia side of the hill, we rode 
in througn its southern and only gate. It is 
an asl.onT-.hing strong, massive and elaborate 
fortification, and previous to the invention of 
gunpowder it must have been impregnable. 
Lieut. Conder is doubtless right in pronouncing 
it "one of the most msguificeot ruins iu Syria." 
I think that if the Savior's figure of a, rock, 
in the statement to Peter, "On this rock I will 
build my church," was suggested by anything 
about Ciesarea Philippi, near which the remarlc 
wss made, it was suggested by the situation of 
this castle rather than by that of the city. 
True, the city was situated on a rock, but the 
rock is not so conspicuous as to arrest especial 
attention. The castle, however, is loftily and 
strongly built on a naked and imperishable 
mass of rock, and frowns so defiantly upon all 
who attempt to assail it, that it might well 
suggest the majestic imagery of the ever m 
orable and precious words, "Ou this rock I 
will build my church, and the gaU-'s of hades 
shall not prevail against it." 

J. W. M( Gahve' 


Df msf ba fun, — Job 

From Ervin, Ind. 

Dear JJre^/ln^n.— 

BliO^EF.Kli. L. Gorden, of Bachelor Run 
Chureh, Carroll County, Indiana, and I 
went to the Manchester Church, Wabash 
County, on Ch ristmas Day. Met a very inter- 
esting and attentive congregation; had in all 
five meetings. Saints were made to rejoice 
and felt that it was good to be there. Durin, 
our short stay we visited as many families as 
we could. Brother D, S. T. Butterbaugh and 
family have our thanks for their kindness. 

We also spent fome time very pleasantly 
with Brother and Sister Bowman in Manches- 
ter. Would say if any Brethren stop ofl' at 
Manchester they will be kindly received and 
cared for. May God abuudanlly bless tli 
for their kinddess. 

Went to Warsaw on New Year's Day, to 
Washington Church, where the brethren had 
just finished a large house tor worship. Met 
miny brethren from other arms of thr church. 
There seemed to be a general awakening in re- 
gard to holding series of meetin^rs; and by the 
strong solicitations of Brethren Daniel Kotlien- 
berger and E. Brumbaugh, Brother William 
Cook, from Plymouth, Marshal County, and 1 
went with them to the Tippecanoe Cliurch, 
Kosciusko County; nieta very interesting con- 
gregitions ; bad nine meeting; had to close on 
account of bad roads, as they became almost 
mpassable. Some were willing to unite with 
the people of God. but could not on account 
of their parents opposing. May God help 
and open a way that all such that have been 
made willing to obey the heavenly calling may 
have their wants attended to. 

We closed on the evening of the 6th, and 
felt as though we could not leave. Sinners 
wept over their condition. 

We formed many ac(]uaintances and became 
very much attached to them. Brother George 
and Sister Mock have our warmest thanks for 
kindly caring for us. May God abundantly 
bless the Tippecanoe Churcr, that they may 
have agreatingathering of souls, and finally 
all be gathered home in heaven, where the joy 
will be unspeakable and full of glory, is my 
prayer. Daniel Bock, 

'What Has Bacome of the City 

AS a member of the Board of Managers, I 
would say the Mission still lives, though 
at present in the form of Protoplasm only, but 
if carefully fostered will yet reach a vigorous, 
youthful growth, and be able to go on upon 
its mission performing the labors intended by 
its founder. Its working i3 slow from several 
reasons. Ist. The Board or Committee are at 
too great distance from one another, hence it 
requires time to conclude upon any point, in 
securing the services of the evangelists, ic. 2 
Next was to secure a place to preach. Chicago 
was the first in view, but to preach there at 
present offers, would exhaust the Mission 
treasury in a few days, hence that idea had to 
he abandoned lor the present. 

Smaller cities have been looked after, and an 

opening found wherein we could work. One of 
the city evangelists was inslnKted to go at 
once and aomrae-ice the work, but he failed to 
so. brcause otherwise engaged I suppose, and 
so that work was po.Hponed. Inasmuch as the 
present evangelists cannot go at ail times, wo 
are debating the propriety of as-siguiog a State 
or States to other evangelists who may he au- 
thorized to work within that territory, still 
holding the former two, that as soon as an op- 
portunity presents itselt they will go to work. 
We hope ere long to be able to chronicle some 
work performed by the City Mission. In the 
meanwhile let any brother or sister, who can, 
give us any information in regard to place of 
operation in the cities of the States which 
which would aid ns greatly to facilitate the 

"«'"'^- S. T. BOSSKRMAN 

From Elk Lick, Pa. 

BRETHREN met in council ou the 17th. 
Considerable business transacted, mostly 
financial. Disposed of the Danish Mission, 
our Home Mission, aud other money raised, 
also other matters of importance discussed and 
disposed of, and adjourned with a resolution to 
meet on the 7th of Feb. Business having accu- 
mulated in the absence and sickness of our El- 
der, some of importance was left over. Sum- 
mit Districc is to have a new church, 85x46, 
located near Eld. Jonas Licbty's. which ia in 
the point of three congregations. The contract 
is let at §725, and the money nearly raised. 

BrotL-er Howard Miller ha.s been preaching 
every Sunday evening for some time in a 
school-bouse in that vicinity, and the interest 
manifested in the meetings caused the demand 
for a church. Our brethren are looking up the 
outskirts of our congregation, and it is a good 
idea, and one well worth our consideration. 
S. C. Keim, 

From Beech Grove Church. Ohio. 

})•■„,■ Jiirlhrcn:— 

BROTHER P. J. Brown, on his return from 
home mission labor stopped with us and 
preached three sermons. Brother D. N. Work- 
man commenced meeting December 2Sth and 
closedJanuary 12th; had a glorious meeting. 
We were mode to rejoice in the God and Rock 
of our salvation to see parents and children, 
husbands and wives coming home to Christ'. 
Brother Workman preached the word with 
power. He based his remarks on the Word of 
God, which will stand when heavnu and earth 
shall pass away. He fearlessly told the people 
the doctrine of Christ, and that made quite a 
stir iu the camp; some became impatient, and 
werd not going to go back any more; but they 
could not stay awity. They came through mud 
and rain to hear what he had to say the next 
night. The brethren and sisters did not sit 
and fold their hands. We had to go to work. 
It Wii5 a to our souls to hear the brethren 
and sisters sing the songs of Zion and lisp the 
name of Jesus in humble prayer. The result 
of our meeting was, twenty-nine precious souls 
united with the church. 

ISAflEL Ihvin, 

From Bro. J. P. Horning. 

WE held a series of meetings here in La- 
motte Prairie Church during the holi- 
days conducted by brother Samuel Forney of 
Parkersburg. He preached eleven nights in 
succession, also several days, which resulted in 
three precious souls coming out on the Lord's 
aide. Others are not far from the kingdom and 
we fondly trust they will soon make the good 
confession. Within the last year seven have 
joined our number here and may the Lord bless 
our weak efiorts for good that many Btarving 
soals may partake of the good things of the 
Father's house. Yours in the bonds of love. 
Hulxonviile. III. 


From Lynches Station, Va. 

AVE preaching once a month at LyncVs 
Station. Had council meeting in De- 
cember and found all in love. We believe the 
Lord is working with this people and he will 
carry on his work. We want more preaching. 
Will not some of the brethren come and help 
us? We want to build a church-house this 
year. Brethren, pray for us. May the Lord 
bless you in your good work. 

Thowas C. Wood. 

The stern command, 'Go," offers assistance 
and imparts couraiie to the obedient, while the 
tender and winning word "Come," briogsi with 
it a feeling of friend.ship, of assumed and prac- 
tical sympathy. The commands of God carry 
ivith them motives. But all his invitations 
indicate afF*^ctions and inspire the heart wilb 
hoPe and love. 

THE BHETHKli>f ^T \V0KK:. 



^05|t(;I ^tiim^ss. 

AND they tliat be wise shall shine as the 
bllKhtnesaor the flrmament; and lliey that turn 
iD«tnyl<ni(;(hl«ouflnesfl. as the stars forever and 
aver.— Dan. 12:3. 

Two baptised at Almena, Michigan. 

Mohican Church, Ohio increased by nine at its 
recent nieetingB. 

To the church at Tear Coat, W. Va„ six per- 
lODB w>:read<lf(i about the middle of January. 

White Rook, Kansas.— One has been baptized 
and one restored "in the spirit oF meekneas." 
W. R. Gill. 

Turkey Creek, Ind.— We are atill moYing 
onward slowly. Four added to the church by 
baptism. Daniel Wvsokg. 

Vistula, Ind,— Our meetings are still in prog- 
ress that commenced on the ITtli. Interest 
good. Two added to the church by baptism. 
Ministerial force good. A. A. Wise. 

Stone Lick Church, Clermont Co., 0, about 
thu iirHt of January, witnessed three souls re- 
turning to the house of God. Another bad 
resohvd to go, thus giving occasion for much 
rejoicing among the people of God. 

Greasy Creek, Va.— One more received into 
the "one bod^," making peven since our Fall 
communion. We have been eipectiug brother 
D. C, Moomaw to come to our aid for some few 
weeks. Hope the Lord will soon open a door 
for him to come. What we need is brethren to 
live out what they preach. C. D. Hylton. 

White Rook, Kansas.— Bro. J. -L Lichty 
pvenched fifteen sermons, and we were made 
glnd by the Gospel. One reclaimed aud one 
bnptiMd. Brothfr Lichty will visit Limestone 
and North Solomon churches. He may not 
reach other points east aa soon as expected for 
there is much to do here. Geo. Detrick. 

A Few Fragmerts. 

Ihiir Brethren. •— 

ON the 11th of October the brethren and 
sisters assembled together at the Hatfield 
meeting-house, Montgomery Co., Pa., to com- 
memorate the sutf^ringi and death of our blesS' 
ed M (Ster. The audience was addressed, in the 
afternoon, from St. John 2:— "'The marriage 
Cana of Oailee," by brother G. Bucher. It was 
dticlared upon Bible authority, that the devil 
gives the best wine first, worldly pleasures, self- 
gratification, fie., but the worst is given unto 
those wholollow him, last, — even "the wine of 
the wrath of God, which is poured out without 
mixture into the cup of his iodignation," Rev. 
14: 10, for they shall share in the fierce judg 
meuts ot Almighty God, upon Babylon the 
great harlot. But Jesus gives first, in this 
world, the "worse wiue,". trials, tribuIations,etc., 
and reserves the good until the lost— even the 
Tviue of endless happiness. Our minds were 
then called to the important duty of self-exam- 
ination. The result of this work i) to learn, by 
the light of divine wisdom, the true condition 
ot our hearts; to know according to the knowl- 
edge uf the assurance of faith, whether we are a 
living member of the mystical body of Christ 
or not. We may belong to the church and yet 
be no member of the body of Christ. We may 
hnv( been baptized, and still be no fruit-bear- 
ing branch in the true vine. We may have 
■withered and _been cut oil", spewed out of his 
mouth, because of our lukewarmnesf, and still 
claim membership in the church. But if we 
are not living members of Christ's mystical 
body, possess not his spirit nor partake of the 
sacred emblems of his body and blood, 
unworthy, and eat aud drink condemnation 
unto ourselves. To such they have a savor of 
death unto dealli. but to those who are grafted 
into the holy Olive-tne, aud partake of the 
root and latnesa thereof— his spirit — these em- 
blems have a sweet savor, a virtue of life unto 

Ill the evening the' house was filled to its 
utmost capacity, but good order prevailed. One 
questiou 1 will here ask: Why do the brethren, 
alter the supper is eafen, and before the em- 
blems are partaken, begin to clear up the ta- 
ble? We read in the book, "and as they were 
eating," — "and as they did eat, Jesus took 
bread aud blessed and brake it, and gave to 
them, saying, take eat, this is my body." — Mark 
14-. 22; Matt. 26; 26. We ought to remember 
that we are not at home about our domestic 
affairs, but m the holy sanctuary at the table 
of the Lord. The sisters should not have their 
minds on clemiing the table.J, washing dishee, 
and scouring knives and forks, but by the eye 
of faith should look to Calvary and behold their 
bleeding, dying Savior sulTer for their sins. We 

all should endeavor to fix our thoughts on Je- 
sus, on the cross so firmly that nothing may 
draw our minds from bim. The rattling of 
knives and forks, and clattering of butter 
plates and mugs before partaking of the sacred 
emblems, always annoys me. Could this not 
be prevented? Last Sprine at a Love-feast, the 
Elder kindly told them to leave the tables just 
as they were. If this were done more the prac- 
tice would Boon cease. 

Aft«r the meeting was over the audience was 
dismissed, but the brethren and sisters were 
requested to remain at their seats and engage 
in singing while some cleared up the tables. 
This was something new, or rather something 
old in a neic place, for singing is of very ancient 
practice. Yea, when God laid the foundation 
of the earth, "The morning stars sang together, 
and all the sons of God shouted for joy .—Job 

On Sunday the liJth, met again. Bro. Geo. 
Zollers from Illinois, addressed the assembly 
from the "Harableof the Sower.'' This was his 
last sermon and many tears were shed. He 
said that on the way coming to the meeting, it 
seemed to him ilke gfiing to a funeral. Having 
been in this part of the country on a lengthy 
visit, every one seemed to feel a strong attach- 
ment for him, and to sever this made our hearts 
to feel sad, but the thought of only parting ti 
meet again, if not here, then on the shinin; 
shores of eudless happiness, is encouraging. It 
wipes the bitter parting tear, and imparts en 
ergy to press onward and upward with renewed 
vigor aud untiring diligence. Bro. Zollers is a 
zealous worker for the cause of his Master. He 
has the welfare of the Church at heart, 
feels & deep iuterest in its growth; not so much 
in number as in principle. He said some nov- 
ices, by presenting only the bright side of the 
religion of Jesns, may vastly increase the 
church in number, but cause her to decline in 
principle. By getting a tittle worldly wisdom, 
by governing and preaching as in the popular 
churches, they think to be more successful in 
converting the world, but all, the world will 
convert the Church. 

In the evening met again, when Bro. Bucher 
delivered a discourse on Matt. 11: 28-30, '"Come 
to Jesus." Dear reader, if you come to Jesus, 
come with the full purpose of heart to abide 
with him. Though tbe billows may rage, the 
tempests blow in this world, but if you abide 
with Jeans, the Captain of your salvation, he 
will bring you safely into the haven of endless 
rest. Daniel Briqht. 

Bethlehem. Pa. 

Cbri'stal's superstition no one i^ill heed bis 
croaking. What confidence, religiously, can 
l>e put in tbe words and actions of a man who 
flVrs himself as a hireling to prMch in,aud for, 
a church to which he does not belong, and that 

moderate salary, and solemnly promising 
not to refer to, or mention anything in which 
he might differ in his faith, as James Cbrystal 
has offered himself lo do for the German Bap- 
tist Church, which be now holds as sfitunie 
and hell bsgotlen. I presume if the Brethren 
had hired him inlSTTashe then offered him* 
self to me, or perhaps any time since at a 82.000 
salary, and perhaps for much less, as he told 
me he would preach for us, under the conditions 
above named at a very moderate salary, I pre- 
sume we would not now appear in print over 
his signature as "hell- begotten." That is, if 
we had paid up punctually, aud kept bim at 
the crib. Brother C. Hope will pay no regard 
to the ravings of tins disappointed would-be 
Brethren's hireling. A few hundred dolb 
would seal bis lips as with wax. 

Double Pipe Creek, Md. 

From May Hill, Ohio. 

LEFT my home Jan-. 2od., and commenced 

a series of meetings at this place on the 

evening of the 5tb, in a school-house. The 

school being in session, we could occupy it only 

the evening; during the day we followed the 
old apostolic plau, "from house to house, eating 
our meat with gladness and singleness of heart." 
Thus far the meeting has been an interesting 
one. Yesterday we repaired to the water side 
where sixteen, ranging in age from fourteen 
years to fifty, were buried with Christ In bap- 
tism. There are sis applicants, and many 
more are near the kingdom. There has been 
some opposition, but the truth has proven an 
efi'ectuQl weapon, and a general awakening has 
been the result. Many, who seemingly were 
totally indifferent to the cause of religion, hi 
been regular attendants upou tbe services, aud 
manifest much concern for their soul's salva- 
tion. Our esteemed brother, L;mdou West, is 
absent from home doing missionary work in 
Miami valley. We purpose remaining in the 
field until Spring if health permit, and will trj' 
to write you occasionally. A: J. Hixox. 

From Mt. Morris to Dunkirk. 

LONG ere the sun had risen was I aboard the 
train for Chicago, where I changed ci 
for Duukirk, Ohio, and as I moved swiftly from 
the place where 1 left many dear friends — where 
the kindness of the ones with whom you are 
surrounded makes you i'lel as if you were 
around your own father's fireside, but for fath- 
er and mother's presence, enjoying, the iiappy 
privileges wliich a happy home affords. As I 
moved from the place I gave one last long look 
at the structure towering above the rest, seem- 
\g\y wrapt in its usual silence at tbat hour, 
id I wondered if ever I should be allowed to 
see the faces of those again whose smiles were 
as a baliii to the wounds, but as the train aped 
other thoughts filled my mind, and they, 
for a time, were forgotten. 

My stay at the Mount Morris College seemed 
hort, but during the time (two terms), all 
seemed to move on with that harmony and 
thoroughness that characterizes all succes-sfu! 
ititutions. Teachers that work for the inter- 
ests of their pup Is, students that respect one 
another, and a P/incipal that is loved by alt, 
and one who cares for you aud if possible, will 
make you comfortable. 

Arrived at home the on the eve of' the Hame 
day and found my brother waiting for me at 
the train. Now tbe sorrows of the eve before 
had passed away at the meeting of my old 
friends- The sad farewells that were given had 
no ffl'ect upon my li^art when I greeted the 
friends of my childhood, but they will he remem- 
bered, and ray prayer is that if we are not per- 
mitted to meet again on earth that we may all 
meet in heaven. These meetings and partings 
remind me of the parting when we shall leave 
the world. It will perhaps be hard to part from 
the friends surrounding us with tears gushing 
(rom their eyes aud streaming over their cheeks, 
but if we have done God's will, when we pass 
over the river, we will be glad to meet our 
friends and Father at home. Let us he pray- 
erful and watchful and meet in our home in 
heaven. D D. Thomas. 

Williamstoii')!, Ohio. 

SWINGES.— Also August 20, 'T!l. Charlie aud 
Cnssip, infaut childrt^n of brother Jacob aud 
sister Margaiet Sninges. 

POWEL.— In Lamotte Prairie Church, Craw- 
ford Co.. III., August 111. '79, sister Phebe. 
wife of Mahlou Powel, ag(d 40 yeais, and 
3 months. 

CLAYTON.- January 9th, 1S80, Bro. Clayton, 

aged years. He united with the people of 

God about six months ago, in old age, and 
now is gone, we trust, to that land where the 
wicked cease from troubling, aud the weary 
are at rest. J. P. Hounisu. 

DUPLER.— In tbe Jonathan's Cretk Church, 
Perry Co., Ohio, sister t'atharine Dnpler, 
aged 73 years, 5 modths and 2.'> days. 
She left five sous, (our daughters, forty-eight 
grandchildren and six great-grandchildren to 
mourn their loss. Her husband preceded her 
to the tomb some years ago. She called forthe 
eldirs and was anointed, funeral services by 
the writer. W. Ahnold. 

KITTINGER.— In the Marsh Creek Cburoh, 
Adams Co., Pu., Jau. .Itli, 18S0, Bro. Joseph 
Kittiuger, aged 80 years, 4 months aud nine 
days. Funeral services improved by Elder 
David Bosserman aud Joseph Sherfy from 2 
Cor. 5: 1. 

He was truly a father iu Israsl, having been a 
zealous and consistent member more than fifty- 
three years, serving in the capacity of deacon 
about thirty-three years, and twenty-five years 
secretary and treasurer. His companion baa 
lost a devoted husband, the family an exempla- 
ry .father, the community a reliable and honored 
citizen aud tbe church a firm aud worthy pillar. 
The infirmities of four-score years necessarily 
confined him to the house, but he bore bis 
afflictions with marked patience aud Christian 
resignation, looking forward with bright antici- 
pations of future happinesn. May we that 
are living pattern by his precepts and finally 
reap tbe reward of the just. 

J. H. Blbskrua_n. 

A Swindler. 

Sooks, Famphleia, Tracts, stc, for Sals at this Offlse. 

Any Religious or llialorieil work id print aenl on roecipl 
of publiabor'R rclail prico. Id sending for baoks alwa;a 
give 1 Tho nomo of tbe buoli. 'i. Tho Qama oflUo 
Butbor. 3. Tbo aJilrvss oflbopuhliabcii!. 



From Bro. D. P. Saylor. 
the B. AT W., No, 3, page 8, 1 see a letter, 

tal to C, Hope, which is vulfjar aud blasphe- 
mous, and is character! itic of the author. Who 
has made him a judge to sit in judgment with 
theGermau Baptist Brethren Church aud eon- 
demn them to be guilty of manifest .sum/fi/t-, 
Satanic and htU-hegolten, as he says, he deems 
the Brethren;-' All know that no Christian 
man will utter such foul language. This low, 
vulgar, and foul language he uses because the 
Brethren do not baptixe unconscious babes, of 
whom the Sarior said "is the kingdom of heav- 
en," without Cbrystal immersing or sprinkling 
them. It baptizing unbelieving and unrepenfc- 
ed infants, because of theirinab-ility to do either, 
is a coiimand of the Savior, let Mr. Cbrystal 
name the chapter and verse where it is writteu 
in the New Testament Scriptures, and it will 
be the pleasure of the Brethren both to do and 
teach it. But being only the utterance of 

about 30 years of age, 
V fi™ i"eet ten inches in height, black hair, 
made his appearance here, and by pretensions, 
swindled some. He pretended to be an agent 
from Europe for a number of families who 
wished to purchase homes. Said they had much 
money, and wished to have brethren to aid him 
in selecting lauds. Finally he said he had been 
West, was robbed of all his money, and wanted 
some assistance, ottering watches as security. 
These watches he represents as being very val- 
uable, but are not worth more than eight or 
ten dollars; gets eight times this for them as a 
loan, promising to return and redeem them. — 
Wants people to keep his work secret lest the 
rich families whom he represents find it out 
aud disgrace him. He took in different parties 
in tbis way. Brethren, be cautious. Says his 
name ;<* Augustus Miller. A. L. Bowuas. 
Anlmni, III. 

Hew Tune andHvmn Book.— Hnir Lcaihor, single, post 

pnid, ^l.-J.-). Pofdown, by ciprcsB, SIS.OO. Slorocoo. 

single copy, poal paid, £1. GO. Per ^loiou, by uxpres.s, 

The Gospal PfBaeher Vol. 1.— A book of twenty well 

prepared Eorinona. By DcDJnmiD FrnnkliD. $2,00, 

PhiloBophy of tho Plan of Salvation. -i^mo. By i. D. 

Wnlker. This ia a wurk of iiDcorauioii luprit, clear, In- 
elrucliTe, ami tilioutd be in tbe biiuilB of <M Biblt 
students. $I.GO. 

Tho Tbrono of D'Vlcl. — from tho coDSCCratioa of tbe 
Shepherd of [iciblobum lo.ihe Uobellion of Prince Ab- 
Sfilom By Lhc Hev. J. H, Ingrnhnm, LLD. With Gt* 
spendid ijliisl ration. 12iiio. Ctolh, i2.00. 

L Treatise on Trine Immeralon.— ProTJng from the Now 
TesUmunt, nnd tbe Eslnbli^iied Rulvs and Vrinciplca ot 
Language, iIifii llaptimn by Trine Immersion is the on- 
ly »Blid liiipiism, ByLowis W. Teeler. 15 eU., two 
copies '25 ctH. 

Sindont'fl New Tastoment Hlntcry. — v>"nh an luiro- 

duciion, connecting "ho Hisiory of tbe Old nnd New 

TesUment. Edited by Wm. Smith, I.L. D. With mapi 

onJ \voodcuis. 12mo. Clolb. (2.01) 
Onion Bible Dlotionary.— A Bihlo Uiotionnry giving an 

occurutf account and description of every plivco, aa 

well OS a hlatory of all peraona and places menlioaed 

in IhoBililc. S1.60. 
ThoPerfeetPlanofSalvatlon. — By J. H. -Mooro. I copy 

lOceuH; laenpies tl.OU, 
Trnlll Trlnmphant.— In six Bumhero of four pngta end., 

'■ ioe, 1 cml encb or HO cenl5 per hundreJ 
WhylleRthoBaptlstChnreli.— By-1, w. suin. A ira«i 

of IB psgea. 2 copies, 10 els; 40 copies, 81.00, 
SabbatlBm. — By M. M. Eshelman. Treats the Sobbolli 

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iO copie-i, 51.00. 

Address. BRKTHRKN .IT WfHtH, 

Lapiurk, Ctirrull Co., Illlaiils. 

^alT^n l^sl^cp. 

MOHLER.— August 19th, 'W, sister Mary A., 
wife of brother Nelson Itfoler, aged 35 years. 

DECKER— Noy. ith. 7H, Maud.infantdaugh- 
ter of IsQiic and Ida Decker, aged 2 months. 

GOnDWIN. — Inthesame church. June L'nd 
'79, daughter of Mrs. Moses Goodwin. 

tMlii^ %i Wmku 

bUltinl b; J. I 

17 looJIljr. SoBiplc oipj "Ot frw OD ■! 

J. H. aioore, Lanark, Carroll Co., UL 


Shi ElDTMi..., 


Tick^U mtr wM tut it,^'' tnliu vnll PiUHD»r mini Bllkfl ctoH 

PafisenEers for Ohitiwo should leave Lanark at 

l'i-i;i P.M.;run to the Western Union Junction; 
lure tliev need w.iit hut five minutes for tlie Chi- 
caRo 3Ii''w;iiikPP and .St. Paul passenger train, and 

tlius irif !■ I'll"-!"" t' T-4'i tlie same evening. To 

reauh I ■!'■ ■'■' '-■ i. .isro; go to Ft. Wajnie de- 

liot ta^- 'ii- • ■-'■ >■■ Milwaukee and tit, Paul 

;rjiu .i- ;<i;; mn North U) the W. 

I.:. Jiiii..ii,.(i. I Ji.iii--- ' Its for Lanark, and arriv 
liere at 1 S-l in tlie muniing. 

The Brethren At Work. 

"Declare Ye Amomj Ui£ Naliom, and Publkk, and set up a Standard; I'ubiitih, and Conceal iVy(."— Jeremiau 50. 

Vul. V. 

L.anark, 111., February 10, 1880. 

No. 6 



B.T, Oow-min, n.iiiliiiV, Ohio, D. H, M-'nlHr, W«jii~U.m. Pn. 

Bnoeh ELir, I.«[ui.III- Dinlil Vtnlmu. VlnlcD, ni. 

». B. OH«n, Koiliume, Mo, J. 8. Florr, LonginoBl, Culo. 
W O.Twter. Mt.^Io^Tl^lll. Jobci Mcuger, CimGu-Is, 111. 

e.S.Mnhlor. Con"'l».M'>- JM. TIiii1(ij:ti. " " " 


y. W. ; 


■■, Ind. 


FiUPT I'AOE— TliimnlilM VIpon DilTen-nt Sulijeels; 
Fnithfiil MiiiiaLers; Tlie Modorn Dogtrioe of 

Sruond Paob— Music Over Yomler: A Mighty 
Iliilitorlierore tlieLOid; Dtrfovv; A Worl to 
Oliriati-in Friends. 

TuiBD Pagk— Tlie Miiniiorof Some; Giving :is 
God Gives; Hope. 

FounTii Paoe— Editohials— The Debiite; A 

Serinoii on Feet-wasliing. 
FiKTU Pa(ii!~I';ditokials— no R Cliriatiiin; Tlio 

Stnmliiig Committee; ItiilrL-ad Biisinoas; The 

Oesign oF Chrlsliaii B:\]'(ism. 
Sixth PAOE—Whiit Matter; TliePower of Woids; 
■Whiitlms:i l.^i-ly lotto with Tomiievaiice'f Wliat 

Is Uome Witliont a PatherV Each liia own way 

From Palestine.— J. WMcGarvey. 
Skventu Paoe— From North Miiiicheater; Inrt. 

Noii^i iuul Observlitions; From Morrisouville, 

From Fnmlilin, W. Viu From CurteraviUe, Va. 

From Ploasant Valley Chmrli. 'ml. From I'lo. 

Samuel Murniy; A MisuiiderstiindinG; From 

Ilro. John Wise. 
EliiliTH.PAni;— From Greoiie, Io»a; From Den- 
murk; A Niitice. 

thoughts upon different 

liY MARY C. MILI.Ell. 

"He that rebiiketli aman, afterwurds shall liiid 
more favor than he that flattereth with t)io 
tongue." Rev. :2S:2.3, 

THE Christmn lia? a sweet peace, a coustauf. 
joy. a trustiug coufideuce, — it b bis taith. 
This lifts him fur above the troubles and auxie- 
tieaofthis world. The more charity we be- 
stow upon othErs, the more we have ourselves. 

'Tbey speak a vision of their own hearts and 
not out of the mouth of the Lord." Jer. 23: 16. 
So it is with every ooe wlio gives his own opin- 
ions about what is contained in the Scripture, 
and do not give the Scriptures themselves. You 
can kiiep on the right side of some people by 
tiattery. biit't is just as houorahle a place to 
their left When we flatter a person, >re lower 
ourselves in the estimation of honest people. 

"If the blind lead the blind, hotb will fall in- 
to the ditch." How slow we are to learn the 
thinRs which would be of greiit benefit to uh! 
We do a wrong, repent and are forgiven. But 
instead of remembering the lesson and profiting 
by it we soon get into worse trouble timn he- 
fore. Like the Israelites we soon torget.and Sa- 
tan returns, tempts us, and is again auccesslul. 
Now why is it so? Why was it that Israel 
sinned so often!' In the tenth chapter of 1st 
Cor. we read ahont them. They lusted after 
evil things, worshiped idols, committed fomica- 
tiou, tempted Christ, murmured ami always bad 
to antler for tUeir doings. Then the apostle 
says, "wherefore let him that thinketb hestaud- 
eth, take heed lest he fall." We are to take 
heed to our doings, for if we do not we will sure- 
ly be overcome in some way or other. We 
mnst diligently watoh the small beginnings in 
the wrong direction. 

It never pays any one to be deceitful. They 
may think no one know? it, but tbey are often- 
er deceived than they deceive others, "Ni^ver- 
theloss, being crafty I caught you with guile." 
2 Cor. 13: 16. Was it Paul who was crafty, or 

was itthose that he was writing to? "But Iiav 
renounced the hidden things of dishonest}, nut 
walkiujiin craftiui'isS, nor handling the word 
Qod d. ceitfully, but by uianifestiition of the 
truth, cunimending to every man's con^cicnct 
in the rtight of God." 2 Cor. 4. 2. This is con- 
clusive evidence that Paul was not crafty as 
some understand bim lo say in the first quota- 
tion. "Yonr load is too much for you" said 
one little child to auofcher." Oh, no," was the 
reply,"my father told rae to carry it and he knows 
liow much I can do." This little child had con- 
fijence in it^ father. So we should have in orr 
lieavcnly Father, (iod will not require of us 
muri! than we are able to perform, "but will 
make away for our escape." What wonderful 
promises are ours if we ivill only acquaint our 
selves with them and make thim ours by com- 
plying with the requirements. Some one hat* 
beautifully said, '"Stillest streams of water, fair- 
est meadows, and the bird that- flutter.^ least is 
longest on the wine." 

Our dear little children need a great deal of 
teaching and training in order to get tbem to 
know and do right, but there is something bet- 
ter than these for to impresa upon their tender 
minds that which we so much desire to print 
there. I mean example. We must be what we 
wisii them to become. Our actions must be 
right. We must live holy lives. They rzust 
see in us truth and honesty. We must be pure 
and holy. We must nobly battle with evil, us- 
ing for our sword, the word of God, which 
should dwell in us richly. 

■ Suidy to show thyself approved unto God, 
a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, 
rightly dividing the word of truth." 2 Tim. 2: 
15. Paul wished to teach Timothy the great 
importance of rightly dividing the word of 
truth. Then we need not be ashamed. How 
pleasant it is to stand approved even before an 
earthly master, hut much more before our heav- 
enly Father. 

No doubt all have heard the fable about the 
bare and tortoise running a race; it contains a 
useful lesson. Some people ma; be compared 
to the hare. When they begin a piece of work 
they proceed with careless swiftness and soon 
find themselves so far ahead of tlieir com|)an- 
ions that they become negligent and content 
themselves by sleeping. Tbey have worn them- 
selves out by a speed that was uncalled for. 
Others mey be compared to the tortoise, trav- 
eling along soberly. They not only catch up 
to the other class, but gf t far ahead of them. 
^^''e should remember that work done in a hur- 
ry, ir^ seldom doue well, and especially should 
we take time when going to a city, to get upon 
the right road from the heginning; for it will 
save us much time as well as many perplexities, 
besides being left behind in the race. Let us 
take our great Creator for an example. He did 
not make everything in a day, neither d d he 
ri>deem mau in a year. 

I remember a man building a house which 
answered the purpose nicely; but some of his 
friends thought ho might have made it with a 
better appearance on the outside. The reply 
was that tliey had built the house more partic- 
ularly for the inside of it. This put me in mind 
of a man building for heaven. U ht bo i;on- 
structs the house that it may be all right on the 
nside, or in the words of Jesus, "if he cleanseth 
the inside, the outside will be clean." What a 
l>eautiful thought! that "if the heart is right. 
alt is right." Then you will not see the msr 
irjiiug to build the outride, but he will build the 
inside, and he will be very careful about it. too. 
So thoughtful will he be that he will not get 
uto trouble about the outside. Thi-i brings us 
'o the dress question for a moment. Those who 
re cleansing the inside are very glad that they 
4o not have to .'■pend unnfC-ssary time upon 
hat pirt which is only secondary. They are 
ilad when they come to the church, to find it 
lu easy matter to kf«p in uniform with their 
btethYen as far ;is the outside is concerned, aad 

this gi»e.s them plenty of time to =ee after tlie 
things which are more needful. There is one 
thing in this connection 1 have often wondered 
about; it is that some people belong to the 
church, hut do not look like it. 

Brethren and sister.4, when we get to that 
better land, will we wish to look like those of 
the other kingdom? "Be not overcome of evil, 
but overcome evil with good." Rum. 12:21. 
No doubt the Jews thought they had caused 
Chritft to be crucifiud, and they would not be 
troubled with him any moie But Christ over- 
came all their uvil deeds with good ones. 



F.-^ITllFUL; full of faith; implying loyalty 
and peri^everance. The embassador of 
Chrisff, should above all men, be full of faith in 
th« all-conquerin? power of the message of love 
to a fallen race. If he has not coufideuce in, 
and love for the Master, he will neither be loy- 
al to him, nor have perseverance enough to 
make tho ministry a succe-is in his hands. Ev- 
ery faithful minister will sliidij, aol only study, 
imt study to show himself approved unto God. 
Yrs, more, he will study how to be "a workman 
that needt^th not to be attbamed, rightly divid- 
ing the word of truth." 2 Tim. 2: 15, He 
should above all men possess patience "to en- 
dure hardnessasagood soldier of Jesus Christ," 
having his heart so full of love lo God, and his 
fallen race that persecution, disappointment, 
and opposition, cannot drive him from his well 
settled [lurpose of "doing good unto all men. 
and especially to the household of faith." Dy 
preachiag the word bolb in and out of season, 
aud thus "reprove, rebuke, and exhort with all 
long liuiiHringaud ductriue." Men may 
the truth, thu faithful minister, and themselves; 
and even brethren may do this; hut all this 
should only awaken feelings of sympathy and 
pity, aud cau^e him to study more earnestly 
how to help them; for the more of this they do, 
the more they need help. 

the blessedness of that state of heart so fill- 
ed with the love of God and our fallen race that 
all the sutferings, oppositions and persecutions 
to be met by tho faithful minister will only 
drive him closer to his noble calling, and 
prompt him to study more earnestly how to 
wield the sword of the spirit to the best advan- 

In every age of the world the faithlul minis- 
ter of the word had much to endure. James 
{5: 10). Take, my brethrer, the prophets who 
hive spoken in the nam*? of the Lord for an f s- 
ampte of sull'ering, afllictiou and of patience. Is 
there any where a poor, weak, and complaining 
mioister, lamenting his hard lot, let him look 
up and a^k. Is the servant better than his Mas- 
ter? Is the disciple better tban his Lord? If the 
Ma-iter had not where Lo lay Ins head, aud did 
neither murmur nor coujplaiu, why should his 
followers who generally have an ordinary sliare 
of the comforts of life? It is true, some faithful 
ministers are poor, and have a hard way of get- 
ting a support for themselves and fiimilies, and 
are lacking that hearty encouragement that 
should be cheerfully given them; and many 
brethren will find themselves unable in the diy 
of judgment to render a just account for with- 
holding from them their Ju>«fc dues. It is nev- 
ertheless true, that the poorer class in the king- 
dom, have doue, aud are still doing, as private 
members, and as mioistt-rs, the main bulk of 
the hard work in advancing the kingdom of 
Christ: and iu doing this without murmuring 
or complaining they are but following the ex- 
ample of tlieir Master. 

The faithful minister will nof'shan to de 
dare the whole counsel ol God," He will ever 
labor to be cautious, kind and obliging to nil. 
e-pecially to the poor who are too apt to lie n*-i;- 
Icctcd aud overlooked. 


T NEQUALITT appears to be the divine order: 
1 it always has existed; undoubtedly it will 
continue; all our theories and a priori specula- 
tions will not change the nature of things, Ev- 
en iuiquality of condition is the basis of pro- 
gr.8n, the incentive to ixertiun. li'ortiinately, 
if to-day we could make every mail white, ev- 
ery woman as like mau us nature permits, give 
to evi-ry human being the same opportunity of 
education, and divide equally among all, the ac- 
cumuluttd weaKh of the world, to-morrow dif- 
ferences, unequal possession, and differentiation 
would begin again. We are attempting the re- 
generalion of society with a misleading phase; 
we are wasting our time with a theory that 
does not fit tli« facts. 

There h an equality, but it is not of outward 
show; it is independent of condition; it does not 
destroy property, nor ignore the ditferonce of 
SIX, nor obliterate race traits. It is the equal- 
ity of men before God, of men before the law; 
it is the tqiml honor of all honorable labor. No 
more pernieiouM notion ever obtained lodgment 
in society than the common one (hat to "rise 
in thu world" i,« necessarily to change the "con- 
dition." Let tliere he content with condition; 
discontent with individual igaorante and im- 
perfectiuu. "We want," says, Emerson, '"not 
a farmer, hut a man on a furin." What a mis- 
chievous idra i« that which has grown, evi-n in 
the United States, that manual labor is discred- 
itable! There is surely some defect in the the- 
ory of tquality in our society, which makes do- 
mestic service to be Hhunued as if it were a dis- 

It would be considered a humorous sugges- 
tion lo advocate inequality as a theory or aa a 
working dogma. Let us recognize it, however, 
as a fact, and shape the efl'orts for the improve- 
ruent of the race in accordance with it, enconr- 
aging it in some directions, restraining it from 
injustice iu others. Working by this recogni- 
tion, we shall save the race from many failures 
aud bitter disappointments, and spare the world 
the spectacle of a republic ending in despotism 
and experiments in government ending in an- 
archy. — January At'aiitic. 

Do not get angry and talk about yonr neigh- 
bors; aud do not show a dispositioa to take ev- 
ery advantsjie lo build up yOurselt at the ex- 
pense of others. If you do, what bett«r are you 
than others? Be not deceived; God cannot be 
mucked. Do your duty though the heavens 
fall, aud leave the consequences with him mho 
rules iu heaven aud in earth. 

.\n exchayge says that Sir Moses Hontefiore, 
a rich Jew, is making large investments in Pal- 
estine. He expects that country to be restored 
to the Jews so that they may possess it an of 


A NKw denomination has sprung up in Phil 
adelpbia, called "Methodists" Its doclriuefi 
are the same as the M. E. church, but dilfers in 
ils system. There is but one order of minis- 
try, called elders, and totbis order women are eli- 
gible ai Well as men. 

The female sta<Ient3 of La.>HS«! Si'nuniiry, 
;iss. are given object lessons in cookery at 
stated periods. The work is arranged so as 
nut to interfere with the regular work of the 
>ebool. Arrangements are also being made to 
;;ive young ladies iustructions in dre^itmaking. 

Ont children need to be thoroughly iostracted 

in right principles, Yout'a ii. the be-t time lo 

form their characters, and the Bible is the hcsst 

te»t l)Ook for this purpose. An hour each day 

a f-iw hours during the week spent in conver- 

i-m with them on BibI'' topics, will go far in 

I eloping their uiii.d.'« for the active duties of 

Prepare lht;ir miiid.4 lor ihe triair oi Jift- 

nel! a^ for its pleasures. 

ri-ii-: nKETHHT':>r -\'r %votik:. 

F'ebruar\ 1 


THEREis mni-icover yonder. 
On the l)ri«ht, eternal shore, 
Where llie aumlMithall be with Jeaus, 

All the '-bright forever more." 

All thfir j-fHrs of sorrow ended— 

' Wliere no night can overeom-', 

Thpy art- HiiiHinf!, swe«tly singing. 

In their glorious, lieaveuly home. 

There is muaiu over yonder, 

Where the cryalal waters glide. 
Where the tree ol life \s evt-r 

Blooming by the silent tide, 
0, what joy the heart is thrilling, 

Over on that shining shore, 
Where they sing the soDg of Moaea 

And the Lamb torever more. 

There is music over yonder. 

Where the goldeu lyrea are swept, 
A- the songs unite in praising 

Him who o'er a lost world wept. 
And we almost think we hear them, 

Over on tlii golden strand, 
As they sing with heavenly rapture, 

Crowned and robed— a glorious band. 

There is music over yonder, 

And the songs shall never cease, 
For the saints shall dwell forever 

With their Lord in perfect peace. 
Soon W6 hope to jom their chorus 

On the bright, eterjml shore. 
Where the saints shall lie with Jesus, 

All the bright "forever more." 

Selected by E. G. Buterbauqh. 



Dedicaifd to Elder D. P. Saijlor, with deep grat- 
ittidefor hrotlmhj kindness, and with sinren 
Christian regard. 

SUCH WI13 Nimrod. Genesis, 10: 8, 
'.). AVhat be hunted and why ia 
not sptjcifically stated. Doubtleaa infe- 
rior game — personal gvatifi cation and 
the love of fame and excitement. He ia 
the prototype of milliona of hunters pur- 
suingtheivpiey through allthe ages. Self- 
seeking, self-indulgenc3, self-aggrandize- 
ment, this is game for Nimrods great 
and small, uiighCy and ignoble, and these 
constitute the prodigious toils and stru: 
gles and ambitions ot the world. Man 
13 naturally a hunter. All moral na- 
tures are inquisitive. Soul instinctive- 
ly seeks something beyond and above, 
No sooner was man fashioned in the im- 
age of tlie Infinite, than he was on the 
hunt for wisdom and pleasure and e.v- 
altation. This irrepressible curiosity 
for the unpossessed ie the root «if sin: a 
Divine root, and primarily as jiure as 
Deity, but now corrupted in t-very 
branch and twig of the tree of huiuani 
ty. Man ueeds more than corpnreity 
for generation. This is but ihe lesser 
agent. The constitutional impulsion 
was divine in the pleasure-hunt of our 
primeval ancestors; but the voluntsry 
bias was criminal. God made them 
capable of willing wrong, but did not 
will for them. Man not only now hunts 
imagiiuiry good as did Adam, but his 
first impulse to partJike of the forbid 
den tree originates in a deteriorated na 
tare. The fir^st human being was the 
fiesh, unmarred product of Almighty 
power, Infinite wisdoui and love. Hi 
was Divinely moulded in every element 
and fibre, and imbreathed with the very 
essence of the I Am. Where this is 
not, there is no image of the Fontal 
8ire. But all of woman born save the 
Second Adam, sprung from a tainted 
3tuck,and could not escape the inevitabh 
consequences of the higher law of gen 
eiation. Man can no more withhold 
the bias of his moral nature from his 
progeny, than he can exclude it from 
his own. "7 was -ihapen in iniquity 
and in sin didmy mother conceive 7/ifl." 
P.-;. 51: 5. The Calvinistic doctrine of 
-bfant depravity is a ''damnable here 

sy;" and the opposite extreme that re- 
moves ihe embryonic germ wholly be- 
yond the reach of the moral force ot 
parental agency in the origin of lite, 
is such a gross travesty of common 
nense, common observation, and the in 
exorablelawa of mattei-aid miud, that 
the simplest unperverted intellect repu- 
diates it Every established physiolog- 
ical and iif-ychological law must be ig- 
nored to make room for such a useless 
irrational theory. "The flesh piiifiicli 
nothing, it is the upirit that quickenetii,' 
is as true of human as Divine genera- 
tion. Divorce these essential joint fac- 
tors in all vital operations, and tht 
whole creation falls back into absolute 
nonentity. There is a force, an impetus, 
ainward in fallen humanity, in its genet- 
ic activities, due to moral derangement 
and dejection, the transmission of which 
can no more be arrested than the fact of 
humanity itself, This inborn, intwisted 
inworking, disintegral ing qtiality of our 
moral furniture, is the gi'oundswell of 
all the mighty unrest and upheaval of 
human individuality and society. The 
nomination o^ this "mystery of iniqui 
ty" is insignificant. Give it the hardest 
or the mildest term, the stubborn, sol 
emn fact remains. The duplication of 
human nature must ever be bone of my 
bone, flesh of my flesh, soul of my soul, 
spirit of my spirit. All reproduction 
involves the elemental entireness of the 
Generative agent. This is a truism 
which no kind or amount of theoretic 
speculation can invalidate. 

"An enemy hath done this." The 
Great I leaven -banished, soul- hating 
hunter of evil has cast his damnable 
plausibilities in the balance of prurient 
inquisitiveness, and gave volition its fix 
ed determination hellward. Motives 
oncourage sin but do not compel. We 
will give the devil his due, and not ex- 
alt him above Omnipotence in the com- 
pulsion of the moral sense. God never 
does, and cannot, any more than he 
can "deny himself" And the devil 
much less. The human will can defy 
the Almighty, and why not an apos- 
tate, blasted, wrath smitten, Heaven de^ 
barred principality. The Incarnation 
for the race, and tlie regeneration of the 
individu,^l, is the antithesis of all this, 
Where human liability to evil begins, 
there begins redemption. God comes 
into contact with huroaoity at the essen 
tial point of its requirements as a fallen 
moral power. Further down the stream 
of existence would not have answered 
the purpose. He knew the mystery of 
life, of generation and of sin. His sub 
lime scul-hunt was not inaugurated in 
the vestal germ independent of the ne 
cessity of the case. Man cannot be a 
sinner and generate like a God. The 
idea is preposterous! As he is so he 
begets. "Every thing after its kind.' 
This is the irrevocable Divine institu 
tion. Here the Incarnation as a Balx 
gets all its apology and meaning. Gain 
say this, and the whole redemptive 
economy tumbles into chaos. A mor 
latitudinarian theology puts a premiur 
on sin. Soul-hunting implies all that 
is signified by a Divine Babyhood for 
sin. No one can reject this cardinal 
truth and be "a mighty hunter before 
the Lord." To make radically less of sin 
than God does is to disqualify for the 
ambassadorship of the Manger and the 
Cross- We must begin and conduct 
and end the hunt in Emmanuel. Let 
ns not miss what is signified by this. 
Where He began His Work for sin, 
we must begin our account of sin. It 
is only a ishalluw philosophy that would 
nullify the redemptive import of the 

antenatal Godman. If the generative 
ordinance is not involved in the lapse of 
humanity, the great Kectifier of sin 
W.IS out of place during Hi'* nine 
month's vestal inclosure. The Mighty 
Hunter of a world full of sin-infected, 
sin thralled souls, came to seek and 
Have tie lost. The time and manner of 
his advent were adjusted to the wants 
of our ruin. Humanity was lost, root 
and branch, irrespective of age or 
■ • i.iii At Infinite cost He paid th^ 
I :iusomj beginning at the seminal fount 
of being. His business is soul-hunting, 
and the nature and extent of the search 
may be gathered from His Incarnate 
ministry, in which every second of His 
earth life was included. He ministered 
in sleep no less than in toil, in the womb 
as really as on the cross. His Incarna- 
^(o;f, from Luke 1: 31, to ii-1: 51, was a 
ministry of grace. And He ministered 
not where and when no grace was need- 
ed. If generation, the central fact of 
humanity, is humanity, is under the 
control of an unfallen impulse, the in 
fleshing of Deity though that function 
was supererogation. When sin is dealt 
with in a way that underrates the Incar- 
nation, and calls for a double miracle 
in every natural birth so as to preserve 
the impeccability of human nature, 
there is nothinggrand enough left to com 
pensate for the ink it takes to record 
the here93\ God in Christ is the Pat- 
tern of Boul-hunting and soul-saving, 
Emmanuel gives the height and depth, 
length and breadth of sin no less than 
of Redeeming Love. The counterparts 
answer to each other. All human life 
prior to the conacious rupture of moral 
integrity,issafe ; but itissafeonlyby virtue 
of the Divine Incamition. Sin, as an im 
planted potentiality, begins with the 
first pulsation ; but not its imputation. 
We must give due emphasis to.the Ba- 
byhood of the Divine-human Redeem- 
er. Had not Christ been a ('hild, con 
ceived and born "of a w.uuan under 
the law," and ke2}t his child-nature for 
the Cross, there would be no salvation 
tor infants. " Who ca/n bring a. clean 
thimj out of an unclean'i NOT ONE.' 
Job 14:4. Inherent absolute purity is 
not in human nature, in no stage of it. 
It needs a Redeemer from A to Z, and 
it has found one in the Alpha and Ome- 

If we "have the mind of Christ," we 
too will be mightv hunters before the 
Lord," "forsaking houses and lands and 
friends," and "all we have," to "pluck 
one brand from the burning," to tear 
one immortal from the clutch of the 
Wolt of Hell. Heaven and the Pit 
are ever on the hunt for souls. Michael 
and His angels, and the Dragon and his 
legions, are waging a deadly Waterloo, 
and every pure, earnest, Christ-wedded 
soul is found in the ranks of the Prince 
of Life, participating in the awful con 

flict. And every sinner as well 

"fighting against God," Holiness and 
Heaven gain a few, while sin and perdi- 
tion engulf the many. And all because 
sin, as an imputed fact, is the deliber- 
ate, uncoerced choice of conscious wrong. 
When the soul is so baptized in the mire 
of devilism as to "glory in its shame" 
while sustained by the exalted convic- 
tion that it "doing God service," the 
hunt is over. When "God sends the 
strong delusion," and falsehood and 
damnation become the esience of being, 
there is a terribly fatal co-operalion 
which invites and seals the everlasting 

A memory well stored with Scripture 
and sanctified by gi-ace is a good library 


OINCE reading Brother Eshelman's 
^ articles on the decoy sheep our 
mind naturally reverted to the decoy 
duck that is stimetimes employed by 
the sportsman to further his interej.ts 
when in search of ihat fowl. It is made 
in shape and looks to all intent like the 
genuine; it is securely anchored in the 
stream to float about with the current 
and attract the flocks that frequent the 
vicinity. How similar to the part 
played to the expert pick-pocket— an 
excitement is gotten up, crowds rush to 
see what is the matter, only to find that 
they are minus some of their valuables 
when the excitement is over. Again a 
man gets into a difiiculty, feels insulted, 
consults a lawyer, who gives his version 
of the afl'air with the probable amount 
of damages sustained, gets the case into 
court, and finally it goes to the jury, 

who return a verdict of damages 

costs dollars. The man of law 

feels bad for his client, and in his work- 
ed up state of mind declares that the 
judge and ju.y ought to be sent to the 

The world is full of decoys; they 
come in the garb of friendship. While 
they pat you on the shoulder and in- 
voke the blessings of God upon you 
they have one hand in your pocket feel- 
ing after your dollars and cents. 

Sometimes parties innocently play 
the part of decoys. For instance; a 
firm conclude to do business upon a 
borrowed capital; they must have pat- 
ronage, gain the confidence of a few 
iufluential men, deal liberally with 
them, ask them to talk the matter up 
among their friends. You meet one of 
them, he asks, "Plave you deposited 
your monfy yet?" "No," say you; 
"times are so precarious, it is not safe 
to put money out." He tells you the 
firm A. B. ttCo. is reliable; he deposit- 
ed interest payable every six months. 
Well, you deposit. After a while you 
conclude to draw your money; you ^o 
down to the place of business, the door 
is closed for ninety days." You read it 
over about four times and then you go 
home wondering why you did not 
draw that money a week ago. 

After awhile the announcement is 
made that the firm of A. B. Sz. Co. will 
be able to jjay about ten cents on the 
dollar. So much for your confidence. 
Such men generally have a bright out- 
side. They go to church, sing and [)ray 
and weep with you at the grave side of 
your departed friends. In short, they 
are "wolves in sheeps clothing." They 
are are heaping up wrath against the 
day of judgment, when every secret and 
idle thought shall be made known, and 
every one shall receive according to hia 
work. Let us heed the injunction to be 
"wise as serpents and harmless as doves." 


TT most certainly is too true that some 
-*- have lost energy, health, and even 
life itself, by Indulging in the habit of 
smoking. As one who works among 
juveniles both in day, an 1 temperance 
classes, I feel it a duty ( and would that 
every professing Christian would feel 
the same), to cry down this evil of smok- 
iog, regardingitin almost the same light 
a? I do intemperance. 

In the first place, it ia wasteful and ex- 
travagant, without any good resulting 
beyond self- gratification. Nowself-grht- 

F^-hrnary 10 

.L'Jriii: BKKirtLKii.^' ^VT W* ^HK.. 

ification, we all know, is an inatioct be- 
lonc;ing to the brute creation, and not wor 
thy our ao-called "lords of creation." A 
man'a first effort should be to con(|uer 
himself and hia appetites. AlexaU'ler 
coDi|UPred cities,but succumbed at last to 
bis own appetite, which eventually con- 
qiiPied him. 

It ia an expensive habit; many boast- 
ing of the brand of their cigars and the 
beautj' of their mnerachaumg, while so 
many of our brethren are failing for 
want of even sufficient bread. They 
muat forget the divine command, "Inae- 
much as ye have done it unto one of the 
least of these my brethren, ye have done 
it unto me." 

Thirdly, itinvolvea three lossea to the 
smoker — time, money and appetite. A 
man who makes it a habit toemoke in 
the early morning, cares nothing for his 
breakfast.aud invariably begins the bus- 
inesa of the day without auflieient sup- 
port, which frequently causes him to 
take a stimulant. 

Again, it is both a dirty habit and an 
offensive one. A smoker's clothes are 
frequently soiled with the ash from the 
cigar or pipe, and in rooms wliere much 
smoking ia done, the furniture fades and 
rots. It is offensive to non-smokers and 
delicate people, nothing but dnuk be- 
ing more intolerable to a sensitive nose 
than to enter a bus, railway carriage or 
horse car occupied by men who have 
been smoking— their clothes and breath 
reekiug with the foul odor. 

It destroys the nervous system. Ha- 
bitual smoKere are as a rule nervous and 
ii-ritable; and yet they tell us it is sooth- 
ing to smoke. Possibly it ia, but it is 
the same aootbiug that is denved from 
gin drinking. It supplies the brain for 
a time, only to arouse it to a greater 
state of excitement than befoi-e. It cer- 
tainly is injurious to the lungs, for it in- 
duces the habit of expectorating, and 
many medical men will tell yuu that the 
seeds of consumption are sown by the 
poisonous nicotine. I remember a learn- 
ed doctor in the profession assuring me 
for a truth that iu a large gentlemen's 
boarding school which he attended pro- 
fesfeionally, he found the secret habit of 
smoking indulged in by the elder lads, 
in some instances resulted iu incurable 
consumption. He especially quoted oue 
instance of a bright, clear and handsome 
lad who went to his grave at the early 
age of nineteen, killed by couaumption, 
brought on by the secret habit of smok- 
ing at the tender age of twelve. This 
was the dying lad's own confession; his 
reason being he thought it was manly. 
So much for example. Christian fath- 
ers, is this manly example of yours to 
lead your sons to an early grave? 

Again, another instance of the force 
of example: Two boys who left my 
school a few weeks back, and had heard 
my lectures against smoking, have now 
gt>ne to a school where the master smok 
es in the dinner hour, and to my horror 
I met them in the village a few evenings 
back, with a pennyworth of tobacco done 
up in brown paper, puffing it, in their 
idea, in quite a manly fashion. Now if 
that school-master was told that as a 
professing Christian he was mining those 
boys, he would not thank one for the 
insult, as he would term it. 

How often it products an appetite for 
strong drink; and fast companions found 
in the cigar saloon often lead the down- 
ward road. Is there a sight much worse 
than to see, on a Sabbath evening, our 
rising generation lounging in a cigar sa- 
loon, passing their ribald jfst and wit 
on God's most holy day? Who has not 
witnessed this in a large town or city. 

One can almost commend for wisdoui 
the supposed fuoliahuess of Sir Walter 
Raleigh's slave, who threw a pail of wa- 
ter over Ilia master the first time he saw 
him sraokiug, thinking hu was on fire. 

Lastly, let me qU'ite for protesiing 
Christians who practice this pernicious 
habit, the words of our Master, "It i-i 
impossible that offences will come; but 
woe unto him through whom they come. 
It Were better for him that a millstone 
were hanged about his neck, and be cast 
into the eea than that he should offend 
one of these little ones." 



"VrOT forsaking the assembling of our- 
-*■' selves together, as the manner of 
some fs ; but exhorting one another. Ileb. 
IU; 26. Now it appears from the lan- 
guage of the apostle that it was neces- 
sary for the people of God to assemble 
together that they might exhort one an- 
other. The language of the apostle 
reaches us with all the necessity that 
seemed to hover around the cause of our 
Master in that day. It ia a fact that 
when the children of God begin to for 
sake thn assembling of themselves to- 
gether, the cause suffers. What is 
the cause of this ? The great and pri- 
mary cause, is the want of true love for 
our Master and the church. 

Paul said, "Let us hold fast the pro- 
fession of our faith without wavering; 
for he is faithful that promised; and let 
us consider one another to provoke un 
t-o love and good works." Heb. 10; 23, 
24. In these texts we are taught stead- 
faslw'f/s auQ to consider one another to 
provoke to love. It appears to me that 
there is no way that we can do this bet- 
ter than to meet together and to associate 
together in the worship of our Creator. 
Have we not all realized the fact, to a 
greater or less extent, that the more we 
neglect meeting with the children of 
God, the less we feel inclined to ^o1 
Our love begins to grow cold. "See 
thatyou love one another with a pure 
heart fervently." 1 Peter 1: 22. Here 
we are taught that our love must be 
pure, and fervent. If so, we must have 
our hearts filled with good morals, so 
that we may provoke to love and good 
works when we assembletogether, "hav- 
ing oiir hearts sprinkled from an evil 
conscience, and our bodies washed with 
pure water.'J 

Our text says, "as the manner of .some 
is."AVe infer from this the manner or cus 
torn of some to forsake the assembling 
of themselves together. No wonder he 
thus spake when he saw thecok'ness iu 
that early day, ou the part of some, and 
it is a stubborn fact that this custom of 
church members absenting themselves 
from the house of God, follows the 
church from the days of the apostles to 
the present, and is as prevalent in our 
time as it was in the days of the apostles, 
if not more so. We are often made to 
feel sad when we go to the place of wor 
ship, and find comparatively few assem- 
bled. How discouraging it is, and no 
good reason why it is so. 

Dear brethren and sisters, what are 
your excuses? Have you worked too 
hard, or are the roads too bad, or have 
you grown cold? If so, it is all wrong. 
AVe have heard some say, "If I would 
know that brother so and so would be 
at meeting to day I would go." Again, 
■'if I had known that brother so and so 
would have been there I would have 
gone, too." Now we ought to remem- 
ber that when the able brother will be 

absent, then it Is mor« necessary that we 
go, for our presence will have a tendeu 
cy to encourage the young inexperienc- 
"d brother. It is very discouraging to 
thp iiiiuister to sf e so many vacant seats. 
The apostle further says, "exhorting 
one another." Here the apostle tells us 
what to do whttU we come together; to 
exh(»rt nue anothei'. In what are we to 
exhort^ I undei-stand that we are to 
encourage oue another to stead fastne-s^s, 
and to a discharge of our duties as breth 
ren and aiatei's in Chr'st. When we g<i 
to the house of God, do we do this? or 
do we spend a part of the time after we 
get there in talking about worldly af- 
fairs? Christ says "out of thp abun 
dance of the heart the mouth apeaketh." 
"Examine yourselves whether ye be iu 
the faith; prove your owuselves." 2 Cor. 
13: 5. 
Water 'oo, Jo'^a. 


[Uel')w I'give iin ■■xtnict of n very touching pri- 
viite iHttwr just received from our d-jar nltlictHl 
brotlier, written while "ao full of nervous tunnent." 
lie, with 111! otherof our ^licU'd lin^tlireii itnd sis- 
ters ill Clirist, triilv deserve our iiloat profound 
Hjmpiithy.— E. R. Stifleh.] 

-£". i?. Stiver, dear Servant of tTesus:-- 

YOU must not pass yourself to anxie- 
ty, or inconvenience, or diminish- 
ed comfort, in order to supply me with 
stamps. The rich can give of their 
abundance, and no strong mitive is nec- 
essary to part with a trifle; but the poor 
who have nothing to spare, must have 
a motive which this world cannot fur- 
nish in order to make their little less 
for the promotion uf a great cause. To 
this clabS the poor widow with her two 
mites is the Divinely- accredited model. 
I have no doubt that daughter of pen- 
ury cast her farthing into the treasury 
with a profounder satisfaction than any 
of the wealthy contributors departed 
their largesses. It was the Lord's Treas- 
ury, and the beatitudes of His inner 
Presence inspired a diaposition that 
could be satisfied with nothing less than 
the sacrifice of "all her living." There 
ia a great principle in this which Me are 
slow in recognizing. I do not ([uestion 
the fact that tliose two mites went into 
the sacred i-best under the uplifting con- 
aciousness that she was acting under the 
immediate personal cognizance of the 
God-man. She was under the same roof, 
in the same room, within speaking dis- 
tance of the Eternal God in human 
form. She was one of those that "wait 
ed for the consolation of Israel." Her 
love was no dreamy, speculative, cold 
hearted imagination. 

All the fervor of her soul was aflauit; 
with a personal attachment and to keep 
her two mitps to herself would have 
been a painful self denial. This strong, 
all-dominaut personal elementoffealty to 
Jesus is the supreme matter in religion, 
without which it blesses neither our- 
selves nor others. 

Christians are God marked, Spiril- 
sealed persons; living epistles, "knowu 
and read of all men." The constraint 
of love, the desires to give, to spend and 
be spent" fills their being to the biiiu, 
even if no tangible object is ready for 
its exhibition. Such persons need no 
coaxing to support missions, need noi 
be pushed or dragged to the Lord's 
Treasury, do not ransack their pockels 
and purses for a dime or a nickel, when 
a piece of larger deno.mination lie^j on 
top. A true bride always oti't-rn her 
best and sweetest and fullest to the 
bridegroom. Not because it is looked 
for, but because love pron^pts to noth- 
ing les5. "All her living" does not nee- 
essarilv require stripping the clothes 

fnuu our tiodies, »ir the last morsel from 
the pauiry, ..i iJif sc.inty fund endeared 
by the s%veat and blood of heloved an- 
cestors and our own. It mat/ mean 
even ihi- in certain exigencies. Hut 
the saintly wid.nv gave all that was im- 
raediaiel) available of her effects. She 
had still the means of procuring her 
daily bread even if her only i.apital 
was in manual toil. Love forgeta self 
in its object^-In spending itself for the 
higher it feeds and blesses the lower. A 
self-seeking, self-pleasing Christian is a 
contradiction in terms. If each gives 
itself tor all, all will be served, and the 
most God-like character developed im- 
mediately. The desire of salvation is 
not the noblest inspiration. "Lo, I 
come to do thy will, O Lord," ia a high- 
er impulse. The first makes easy, nar- 
row, pioscriptive professors. The lat- 
ter launches into all the possibilities 
and felicities and exaltations and glories 
of the incarnation. He that gives hia 
two mites as the \vidow gave, consecrates 
that of which they .are the outcome. 
One person can give a thousand dollars, 
and yet give nothing. Another can 
give a farthing, and give his all, even 
if he has a Cow and sheep at home. God 
aent his best, His all, because Ho sent 
Himself in His Son; and yet He remain- 
ed in Heaven. Deity entire was in 
Chi-ist, and yet God unmutilated kept 
the Throne of Glory. "Without con- 
troversy, great is the mystery of godli- 
ness, God manifest in the flesh." God 
gave himself becaiiae we were in need, 
but more because He is Love, and sacri- 
fices His glory and blessedness. To be 
Christ- like is to be like God. 


Dec. 17 III, 187 !l. 

BY E KEELrri. 

TTOPE is to the Christian what the 
^^ anchor is to the ship, and without 
it he would eventually be lost. We as 
a Christian body, as the church of the 
living God here upon the earth, do not 
know, only having the Word, not deliv- 
ered verbally, having it ag it was deliv- 
ered to the saints; but thank God we 
have the blessed hope, the anchor of 
the Christian, and we look joyfully for- 
ward to the second coming of our Lord 
Jesus Christ. Heuiay come to-morrow; 
he may uome next week, and he may 
UQt come for years But we all look 
joyfully toward the fulfillment of the 
prophecies, and as we are ignorant of 
the time he will come, we should all be 
prepared to so forth joyfully to gre'-t 
him and sing the songs of the redeemed. 

The business man has his hope which 
is that his investment may prove profit- 
able. The mechanic has his that better 
times and better wages may come. The 
larmer has his that hia crops may be 
large, and the money derived therefrom 
may yield large interest; but what are 
thesecom pared with the Christian's hojici 
He looks forward to the coming of our 
Savior when he expects to be received 
home to rest and to enjoy unspeakable 
happiness throughout the countless ages 
of a never ending eternity. 

Dear brethren and sisters, let us all 
pray to our dear Savior to grant us 
more grace and divine aid from abovK 
ihat our daily walk .uay'be a continual 
sermon, and, we may, if only through 
I'ur daily life gain some poor perishing 
Miul to our Master's kingdom; and great 
will be our reward. 

It is a row of empty houses that gets 
Jill its windowsbroken, and emptv heads, 
and empty hands, and empty hearts, are 
sure to coma to grief. 

TtiK iiKKTJtiRK^sT ^T WOitKl, 

^Ite brethren at ^orh. 


M. M. KSnKJ.MAN.) 
S. .1.11 MtlllriUN. 1- 
J. W.8TEIN. J 

inXy for the 
lion of aD 

srllcle 'liips nol Imply that lliey eoOonm every sei 
Ciiiit;nl of the writer. 

2. CoNTHiwuTOiLS III ordrr tu secure prompt li- 
flcrtion of tlieir iirticl<-s, will please not indulge In 
penioniiUlies jind iincourteous l.'in^iig^, but pre- 
ai.'iil tlKli vl'-ws 'Mvilli gRicoseasonfU withsiilt." 

.. I"' ( .'■ I i!i> m "I ourrcjujeraanil the good of 
111' ■ > . it i-liiircti iiPWfl from all |i;irt(i of 

llii ! ^^ want some one In eiv;h con- 

Kt^L' I"! !■ ' ■ I • • I' 11'' fli'PPlit;cl. In ihebrkfi^st wav, 
jtive u,i \i.], ilii- liir'„4, ami we will imt tlifin fn 
proper Hhapu. Always wrltu ivith black ink, on 
narrow paiier. 

il. Tint llRBTiinKN AT Work will be sent to 
tvnyadclro.sH In the United f>CHte3 or Caoada for 
9l.Mf per annum, Fortbe iHadlnR charactermtics 
of the piijwr, UK well its terms to HgeuU Bee eighth 
[JiiRe, Vil'Ireas all communlcallona. 


Lanark, Carroll Co., lU. 


Fi;i(llUAISY in, I8S0. 

Dick'h Siderial Hi 
nice we can fill no m 

avpiii is out of print; 
ire itrdern for it. 

Dro. Dakibl Va.viman held a serieH of meel- 
ingHiii Miirrdyville. Ill; baptized two, one of 
1 a iiotefl j)liysiiiiiirj. 


D. Ei.MKn VVor.i'. lornicrly of tliis 
unw publislii'iR » iicat and luteresling luontlily 
nt HagarNtowu, Md , called, "T/iePeoplv's Joui- 

In u letter received from Brother Hutchison, 
at Longmont, Colorado, we leam that he 
some better. He expects to return home about 
March first. 

February 1 


Mr Weher: Mr Ray's 6th affirmative be- 
ing delayed a wet-li, renrhes nie just in thi 
inidflt of our school examinatioii of Becond 
term aud opening of third term, which crowd- 
Qi with buiinesd this wck. Hence I will nut 
be able to prep^ire an articia for noxt i-'suf. 

.1. W. Stei.s". 
Mt. Morris, Illinois. Jitmaiy 20, 18S0 

But "Mr. Hay's 6th affirmative" was not "de- 
laved a week." It was ;'0ur fifth n-gative that 
was delayed, so that it did not reach ns iu time 
to be inserted the week It was due Dr. Ray 'a 
itixth affirmative was sent yuu promptly. I 
hope yoa will soon be able to send your articles 
on time, wifhout being compelled to hold op 
aneztra week each tinae, as jou have been do- 
ing lately. W. 

Be patient, friend "W." Did not Brotbei 
Stein invariably notify you when he found that 
\w could not Bend iu '.iin..-? Di-I Dr. R;ty do 
that when he failed to conii; to time? It seem- 
ed to be all right wheji Dr. Ray could hold up 
a week or two, and that without notifyiD-r 
Brother Stein in advance, but it ia all ivronj; 
when, tbrougli pressing school duties, Brother 
S. gives you timely notice that he can not he 
on time. By the way, where is Brother Stein's 
6th negative which was sent to you Jan. 2Stb. 
aud at this writing (Feb. 6th} baa not yet reach- 
ed us? Brother Stein's fault, is it? E. 

BoKTHRR A. S. Lkkk. of Morrisouvilk', III., in 

forma us that iiis eyew are slowly improving, 
and that be cau now see to read coarse print 
Tins will be joyful nnw.s to his many friends, 

The Sunday-school workers In Iowa have 
appointed the 20th inst. to meet in South 
Waterloo church to consider work. Those in 
Middle Indiana meet on the 10th inst. in 0- 
gau's Creek Cbuiuh fjr the same purpose. 

Wii.L each of om- readers make an plV.,rt to 
extend the circulation of the B. at W.? We 
ean write just as easily for ten thousand as 
for one tbousand. Do all you cau, ask iU 
hm-a to bless you, and all will go well. 

Buo. S. Click says we made a mistake in an 
Item of news a few weeks ago and wishes it cor- 
rected. He says, "At Hie love feast ia Cedar 
Co.. Mo., six were ba[.tized, three from (he Ne- 
vada District, and three from tlmt church." 
We 1,'ladly make the correction. 

Br'n, Jacoii Sneli. and John Metzler recent 
ly held some meetings iu Napauee, h,d. Uoad,^ 
were very muddy yet the attendance w«s good 
It IS tiie old, old story repeated a-, in. People 
are willing to listen to the truth if pr.s.nird in 
the spirit of the Master. 


Delivered in Lanark. Illinois, Sunday Evening, 
Feb, 1, 1880. 

THE first three verses of hymn 459 were sung, 
after which the following from Acta 3: 22, 
was read; 

"Fo. .Vo..^ Inil)- Mli unlo Iho tMli/in. A Praphfl .Imll Ih, 

pltl,o!d bv?. 7 ' t . f«t-,v«h„,g ,d on then,," .ud „„,„„„fcd il,™ ,„ ,,„,> 

pmcliced by Chral, ra, b* put „„t ,., Jeru... u. Holy Gh>»l, a„d thi, b,l„r. lVut«o,l 

™,»l„ charge the Holy Ghos. with i,.„„ra«<». F./„, I, re,t-.a,hing J?, , „ r „. . 

a.d then prove, I. Th, oppo™-. of Chri,f, joW ,™rt? Let „, ,.e If God clll . hi' 

no't Sort"'"" '"'T h°,"7t:'\"° ",:" - '"■'''"''■'°' "^"-^ ""'^•" ti..n.» t^ » ^ 

not. borne have even dared to do this by tak- We call up James 2- 17- 

ing about fourteen ver.^e. in John 13 and put- | ■^■"''"'WiiiiMth.ih J,.„,'„^„j«j,t^„^j„, 

tiHg themat the beginning of chapter twelve, ^^"ot Iheeffect of faith a good work?' 

raul; did not understand t 

! Do 

we not agree that when we break bread 

18 presuming that Inspiration was igno- 
' to regard events; 
knew nothing about order aud arrangement. 
We speak thus because there is a disposition 
manifested to mislead by claiming that part of 
John 13 belong! to John 12— that a little of 
John 13 had slipped out of place. 

Second. I call your attention to two more 
facts,— that of the betrayal aud the denial. I n 
Matt. 26:21; Mark 14: 10, aaaociated with the 
communion, we have the language of Christ to ! 

Jiidna; aud in John IS: 21 the same language , ,, . , ., 

in connection With the account of loe t-wushing Kpi, a m, '.uuia>r,ikid it,..n,. 

The Srwior used this language but once, thert- ^^'« "re his icwhmmUp created in Christ 
fore not at two places. In Matt. Stl: 34, Mark- [ J^^^^s hh/o good works, which Gol before or- 
14: 20; Luke 21: 34 occura the languige of , 4*'ned that we should imlkin than. my 

and divi<le the cup we do a good work? 
er every ordinaLce of God \9 a. ,joo<l wvrk or an 
evil work. It must be one or the other. Pray- 
ing IS a good work; preaching is a good work, 
breaking bread is a good work, and washing 
feet as directed by Jesua ia a good work. If 
you are called upon to forgive your enemies, is 
not that a good work? Every act of God, 
every iustitutiou of God is a good work. Pant 
says to the brethren at Ephesus, 

■„,rrbL.w<,rVa....M^, ct „,r.l l„ ,-v.h., ., . 

Wg call the attention of our re;..lers to tbi 
article on an other page entitled "Tobacco 
bmoking. It is a plain statement of facts 
"Inch should find lodgement in the minds of 
all who desire to do good to their fellow-mau 
aud to tnemjelvcs. 

Phofkssou Mc Qarvey's letters from Palestine 
are affording many of our readei-s considerable 
enjoyment. They bring to the mind many 
ValuAble pearls from the Bible Land, and give 
one increased desires to ttudy the Book of hooks 
which firstrevealed unto us the places aud the 
incideuts connected with them. 

The hurry and crowd of business is now sul- 
sidmg, and we bo|)e to give the contenta of our 
paper more attention in the future than we 
Iiave during the past few weeks. We here 
press our gratitude to ail our agents aud pa- 
trons for their supiioit, -cdulgonce and svmpa- 
thv, and our heart felt thanks to Almighty God 
for bis protecting love and mercy. 

In our notice of Rail-road arrangements in 
No.4 weforgottg mention the Chicago, Rock 
Islano aud Pacific. We eipcct to arrange w iU. 
this road also, therefore those living alon- th^ 
hue will please name stations where they ex 
pect to get on the cara; otherwise full rates will 
be charged. Excursion tickets will he placed 
at such stations only where Brethren inteud to 
set on the train, and if no tickets are there, full 
t«t«s will be charged. 

The subject this evening, is Feet-washing 
Church Ordinance. I assume the affirmative of 
the question, and shall endeavor to present 
Scriptures in proof of the idea that the doctni 
of Feet- washing is an obligation which devolv 
upon every believer in Christ; and while we 
examine this .subject let us remember that we 
have both public aud private duties; but private 
duties are distiuct from public duties in more 
ways than one. 

The first point I call your attention to is, 
that the Savior did not wash his disciples' feet 
in Bethany. I present this not specially to favor 
feet- washing a? a church ordinance, but to cor- 
rect an error of recent origin. I repeat, that 
the idea that Christ washed his disciples' feet in 
Bethany is of rocent origin. In disproving this 
idea, I shall not claim it as au essential element 
in an ordiaauce; for Christ had power to set up 
au ordiuiuice on the plain, on the mount, in the 
private house, or in the temple. His power is 
not limited to places made by human hand) 

Buck, iu his theological dictionary, says that 
singing is an ordinance; tbaf. praying is an or- 
dinance; that preuebing ia an ordinance. This 
raises the inquiry, What is an ordinance? An 
ordiaauce is a rite or ceremony based upon 
certain principles. Will any one deny that 
preaching is not a ceremony? Adtoti is re- 
quired in preaching; and this action is based 
upon certain principles, which together consti- 
tute au ordinance. Prayer is an act— something 
done in compliance with divine principles, hence 
properly au ordinance. But more of these^r/H- 
ci^leg further on. I now call attention to the 
Bethany matter. Matt. 21 : 17 says that Jesus 
is in Bethany. The same chapter and 18th 
verse puts him on the way to Jerusalem. We 
uow call up verse twenty-three, and that puts 
him i« thi temple in Jerusalem. First, we bad 
Christ in Br?thany; second on the way to Jeru- 
leni; and third in Jerusalem. We now call 
up chapter 24, aud verse 24, which tells us that 
he is out of Jerusalem on Mt. Olives We fol- 
low him closely aud in chapter 26, verse 
IS we leani of his sending two disciples to pre- 
pare the passover; and in v,3rse'20, testifies that 
"when the even was come he sat down mth the 
twelve,"— not in Bethany, Imt in the "guest- 
chamber" in Jerusalem We now have him in 
Jerusalem, where he instifuted the communion. 
Lord's Supper, and {e(t washing. If we should 
call up Mark and Luke on this point, they 
would testify just as Matthew does; hence pas.-- 
them by and call attention to John 12; 12, 
which telis of his going to Jerusalem ; and after 
tbi?, uot a word is said about his going out a'. 
Jerusileni until he had washed the di^c^ples' 

Christ to Peter concerning his denial, hud in 
these placts that bit of information to Peter, 
was at the place where the communion was 
instituted. Ia John 14: 38, occurs the same 
language osiiociated with the account of feet- 
washing. Now if Matthew, Mark and Luke 
place this ia connection with the institution 
of the bread and wine, and John places it with 
feet-wiishing, docs it not follow that the ordi- 
nance of teet'washing was instituted at the 
same time and place with the communion? 

Third. What are the principles or ehments 
of an ordinance? 1. Divine authority. 2, Com- 
mand. 3. Example. 4. Promise. The Master 
declares, "All power is given unto me in heaven 
andiueartb."— Matt. 28: 18. This settles the 
question of authority, not only authority, but 
rffcjHe authority. 2. "'Ye also ou^rlit to wash 
one another's fVet." (John 13; 14) and "ye 
should do as I have done to you." (verse 15.) 
Uere is counmud. 3d. Christ washed the 
disciple's feet, then told them, "I have given 
you an example." He even did not say this of 
baptism; yet he j/acs the example. He did noi 
sfiij he had given them an example iu the break 
ing of bread, yet he did. In teet-washing h( 
f/ari? the example, and (ciW them of it. 4. -'If 
ye know these things happy are je it ye do 
them," (v. 17). This settles the question of 
pfontisc] Thus you see we have di'ine author- 
ity, command, example and promise— all ele- 
enls in an ordinance. 

Fourth. The word ekkhsia occurs one hun- 
dred aud fourteen times in fhe New Testa- 
ment, aud is translated church, assembly aud 
congregation. "Tell it unto thw church," (Matt. 
17) is the same as tell it unto the congre- 
gation. If ten or more persons who obey the 
Lord, assemble iu Lanark, is not that the 
church at Lanark? If even five or two, meet 
in the "name" of the Lord, is not that the 
congregation at that place? Who will deny 
that the twelve with Jesus present, was not 
the congregation of the Lord? When the 
twelve were present at one pBtce, and Jesus 
washed their feet, was not that the ekkksia 
of the Lord at that place? 

"But the church was not then organized," 
says the objector. 

That is au asmmption. Christ gave his disci- 
ples power to baptize, to heal the sick, to 
cleanse lepers, raise the dead, and cast out dev- 
ils; yet, by the arguments of aome they were 
unqualified to assemble in a church capacity. 

Christ knew what was in man ; and while on 
earth needed no niau to testify to the Iruth. 
Was not an apostle an officer? Were they not 
chosen apostles be/ore the day of Pentecost? 
Certainly they were; therefore, there was an 
eWemi,~A congregation with officers three 
aud a half years before Pentecost. We repeat, 
therefore, were not the twelve at the house of 
Simon the leper, the chuirh at that place? 
Was not the twelve in .lerusaiem in the guest 
chaui'ber, the church at that place? Was not 
the one hundred and twenty in the uppar room 
(Acts 1: 13,15) at Jerusalem, the congregation 
of the Lord at that place? Hear John 20; 19, 
22,23: . 

-Th-o (til. «m> d-j .1 rwnlog, l^log IK^ f r.l d.7 ot lh> »„l. 

tiildit,indnllii c 

>i] s!d tLU, bn brb^lbrd al 

Here it is expressiy stated that Jesus "br^atl ■ 

friends, here 18 Inspiration decLinng that God 
ordained that we should i erlorm the works 
given tons! 

'■ If a mau practices feet-washing in the pub- 
lica^sembly, and thus his "part" with Jesus, 
IS he not doing a good work? Whatever God 
requires us to do, publicly or privatelv, is a 
good work. Why do our Irieuds regard feet- 
washing in private as a good work, but when 
done publicly, an evil work? How Ao they 
account for this difference? 

Si.rth. Suppose that verse fourteen of the 
13th chapter should read thus: 'Ve ought not 
wash one another's feet." After reading it 
that way, you go into a congregation 
where they wash one another's feet. Yon see 
them engaged, then turn to your Bible, and 
read, "Ye ought not wash one another's feet," 
and instantly you cry out, "Men, and brethren, 
you are violating the command .of Rod !" We 
tell you that "ought" ia not binding; but you 
insist that .t in. Iu that case, my friends, 
would you uot sec all the force aud power in 
that little word oughtY With ought not m 
Johu 13: 14, would you not, with great bold- 
ness, tell us we are adding to the word? Cer- 
tainly you would, and justly, too; but how is 
it when the word "mo/" is not there? We trust 
you can see the force of this, and at once 
change your opinion to faith. Opinion says 
"Ye ought not," hai faith says, "le ought." 

Serenth. Adam Clark, Blackwood, Dr. J. 
W. Herring iu his life of Christ, Bishop Pierce, 
and the great majority of commentators snd 
historians say that Christ washed the disciples" 
feet at the same time that he instituted the 
Eucharist. Herring says, -'Hy w.ishei their 
feet * * ia order to show them an example of 
the utmost humility and condescension." 
Scores of men on the other aide of this ques- 
tion can be brought up in support of the idea 
that Je3us washed his disciples' f^^et in Jerusa- 
lem in the night in which he was betrayed. 
However the people of God trill obey Jesus, no 
difference where the command is given. 

The commission (Matt. 2S: l!i) the new birth, 
(John 3: 5), the Holy Spirit, (John 20: 12), were 
all given prior to Pentecost; so that the plea 
that ail was chaotic until the miraculous out- 
pouring of the Spirit falls of its own accord. 
Jesua immtdiately after washing his disciples 
feet, said: "If ye know these things, hafpy are 
ye if ye do them." Thcae things means more 
than thing. Tliem does not mean, it. 

You, my friend, who have never washed feet 
as Jesus did, how can you tell what blessing 
there is in it? Has the man who never broke 
bread any experience iu bread-breaking? How 
does the man whonever prayed, know anything 
about the blessings that come that way? The 
man who never has been baptized, can he tell 
anything abont the blespings of baptism? So 
in fert-wa^hing. Doe.^ the man who never 
washed feet in the congregbtion of the Lord, 
know anything about the blessings that follow 
that act? Do we, therefore, hehr that i'rophet 
u all things, when we refuse lo hear him in 
feet- wash ing? 

For want of space, the balance of the sermon 

lirp'iriiii by Geo. HoLitfs. 

The old people at nieeting are a pleasant sight. 
The gray hairs indicate experience aud judg- 
ment, and we should love aud respect sucha.s 
can help us in our Christian pilgrimage. 

Febrnarv lO 

I'iliJ JrJJrtJiXiiiiiiiSr .i^T AV'OKK.. 


[n> s, J m»i»x ) 

WHY not? Why can we nol liave >our 
connenl? Why do you ttlight tlie iovi- 
tatioQ? If thi^rw wt-r*- no Chri>tiiiDS iu iUw 
wori'l dou't yoii Lhiiik it wuuM be less enj ya- 
ble? Have jou ever seen a man you loved leas 
because no would do right, or wa« a Christian? 
Do yoo think nny among yoor worldly friends 
wonld est<;(<in yon leis ifyou had the love of 
God alied abroad in your heart? Would life 
lose its aiveetnesg if yon should become an heir 
of f'cj-»i«/ glory? Ah, don't you tliink if you 
hud an npprovirtg conscience for your conduct 
that you ivould be happier? Is there anything 
denied a Christian uhich will diminish his hap- 
piness he Q? Is i-ny thing ihit it is good for man 
to have, which ih denied bim? U is only that 
which does man harm that he is forbidden to 
do, or have. D-J you think Goil could love his 
children and create things which they would 
he benefitted by using and then forbid their 
use? No, never. God wants man to ha happy. 
If he does not, why does be do so much for 
man? Why dots lie e<iusQ the earth to produce 
that which pleas»6 Ihu palate, and at the samu 
tinieHulibtiss the wauts of the body? Why does 
he Siitisfy man with the things necesmirylo pro- 
tect liifi person au-i luiko hiui comfortable ? 
No, luy ^ear IfieudT', in becoming ft Cnristian 
you have notliiiig to liise. but everything to 
gain. I'jiiii wiutld hiive your mind at peace 
and L'L'joy real comfort and not a mere Jancy of 
Ihe hraiii or imaginaliou of the heart, set your 
iillections on thing-4 aliuve, It wilt make you 
happier than all e&rlhly pomp uud j^randcur 
combined. ' 

Though the hand of aHliction be hud heavily 
upon you, darkness surround you, storms of 
temptation and opposition sweep over you, 
friends betray and forsake yon, if the spirit of 
Christ possesses your soul, you can count it all 
joy. You will then soar above the low planeof 
carnal nature, which only enjoys "the lust of 
the eye and the pride of life." You will then 
see all things pure and holy and lovely. Sen- 
suality will then in yon no longer he a consum- 
ing fire. In the midst of adversity and diatreas 
you may have the consolation of a home be- 
yond the floods of strife and contention where 
you can forever bask in the sunshine of perfect 
pence You can then hold intercourse with the 
good angels — yon can almost, with the eye of 
faith, behold the gates of heaven open and the 
spirits of "just men made perfect" standing 
there beckoning you thitherward. Oh, reader, 
be a Christian that when you die the angels 
may carry you to Abraham's bosom where the 
wicked cease from troubling, where God shall 
wipe away all tears, and where there shall be 
no more parting — no more family ties broken, 
no more sorrows, nor trials, nor temptations. 
Father and mother, son and daugliter, brother 
and sister, be happy Christians here that you 
may finally meet each other, as a Jiappy family 
and forever dwell together, in the mansions on 
the eternal shore. 


M.\NV of those who have attended .\nnual 
Meeting?' are aware of the great labors 
usually resting on the Standing Committee. 
The Cammittee commences its work on Monday 
morning; works all day, and sometimes till mid- 
night. Early on Tuesday morning the work is 
renewed and continued till time to open the 
services in the Council building. At noon an 
extra session is held. When the Council is ad- 
journed at i o'clock, the Committee men, instead 
of resting as others do, must ent^r their room 
for business and perhaps stay there, bard at 
work, tilt after midnight. Thus they work and 
lose sleep till the meeting closes. In some in- 
stances brethren fall asleep during the session, 
and must be aroused so that the work can go 
on. I have seau prominent members of the Com- 
mittee full asleep while sitting at the table in the 
Council room — they could not help it, they 
were completely worn out. Then, to make it 
still worse, the l^ommittee is sometimes severely 
censured because it does not do its work right. 
Considering the disadvantages under which 
they labor, it is a wonder to uie that they per- 
form their work as well as they do. 

But such sufferings as the Standing Commit- 
tee must endure is uncalled for. There is no 
use of men working half of the night, losing 
sleep and wearing themselves out when there is 
plenty of time during the day iu wbicb to do 
all the work necessary. There is a remedy 

for all this, and the Hooner it is adopted the bet- 
ter it will be fur both the Standing Committee 
and the .\nDaal Meet'ng. 

Let the Standing Committee reach the place 
of meeting on Thnrfdiy evening before the 
Council, and cnmmfnoe tl.eir work early Friday 
morning, and by Saturday evening t' ey would 
have most of Iheir work completed. A short 
session on Monday would enable ihem to finish 
their work and have a little time left to enjoy 
themselves among acquaiutances as other mem- 
bers do. This arrangement would permit th"- 
Brethren to open the Annual Meeting early 
on Tuesday morning and commence business 
at once. Thus the business could go on, from 
day to day, early and late, without wasting hours 
waiting on the Standing Committee, 

Our Committee of Arrangements discu'sed 
this mutter pretty fully during its last session. 
We would like the Standing Committee to meet 
at Lanark on Thursdiiy evening before the A. 
M. so as to he ready for work early Friday 
morning. We were confident that sntb an ar- 
rangement would meet the approbation of ev- 
ery member of Ihe Standing Committee, but 
finally conclude)) ihat it was not our privilege 
to mi«k<; that change; it would he assuming 
rather much authority on our part. However, 
we Irii.-t that propriety of a change in this 
respect will be bmupht before the next A. M, 

Hut before closing we have this much to say: 
If arrangements can yet be made to have the 
Standing Committee meet et Lanark on Thurs- 
day evening so as to commence their work early 
Friday morning it will lie just what the Com- 
mittee of Arrangements would like to see; we 
will welcome the Committee and make all nec- 
essary arrangements to entertain them. The 
committee can have the u?e of the Brethren's 
meeting nouse in town, near the place ot meet- 
ing. We will see that they are boarded and 
have comfortable places to sleep. Now breth- 
ren, what say you? Are you iu favor of having 
the Standing Committee meet in Lanark on 
Thursday evening before the next A. M? If 
it can be done, the A. M, can get tbrouoh|'ivith 
its business in less time, and we believe all 
will be much better satisfied. 

J. H. MooKE. 

Lanark, III 


IN order to facilitate business, and render the 
woak less perplexing, all the business per- 
taining to railroad arrangements is now placed 
in the hands of Brother M. M. K-hplman. Per 
sons wishing arrangements made on roads lead- 
ing to the A. M. should write him at Lanark, 
111. ,T. H. MoOHE. 



IT iff objected that inasmuch, as remission, 
everlasting life, etc., are conditions on 
faith iu Christ, John 3: 36; Acts 10:43, that 
they cannot therefore be received by baptism. 
Wa answer. Faith really may be considered the 
first and last exercise which accepts pardon. 
No one can repent, let alone, he fit for baptism 
who does not believe the gospel. "Without 
faith it is impossible to please him; for be that 
Cometh to God must believe that he is, and 
that he is a rewarder of them that diligently 
seek him." Heb. 11: l!. Here faith is a con- 
dition of coiniti-j aad scekhif/, and men must 
mile to Christ, Matt. II: 2S; John 5: 10, and 
seek the Lord, Isa, 55: 0, in order to be saved. 
Hence the faith which precedes comiiifj, seck- 
i)ip, repenting, being baplhed. etc., howerer 
necessary, does not secure it if left alone. The 
promise of salvation to the believer is not to 
the exclusion hut the inclusion of the other 
things required by the gospel as wellies faith and 
without, which faith itself is dead. Hence the 
contrast between saving faith and its opposites 
by Christ. "He (pistcuoon) believing on the 
Son hath everlasting life;^ but he (apeithoon) 
ilisoheijiiii^ the Son shall not sec life." John 
3: 36. Mr, Willmarth, a Baptist writer in the 
Baptist unarterly of July 1S7T, says, "Faith iu 
Christ is acted upon, acted out, and so con- 
summated in baptism," also that baptism "em- 
bodies the purposes and pladges of repentance 
(i, c, a change of mind), and so consummates 
them." See Baptism and Remission, pp. 20, 2J. 
This is what we teach. lam aware that we 

are met here by ih< ace JSition of juslijiiation 
hij irork.''. Our Pppfments tell us that Paul says 
"not of works le^t any man should boast," etc., 
but their indiscriminate application of the ex 
pressions "not of works," not by works of 
righteousness which we have done," "not by 
the works of the Ui-,"etc., invilidates itself by 
going too far. We ht^lieve these declarations 
as strongly as any one and teach them. They 
occur either when the upixttle contrasts the' 
law and gospel, or congratulates, warns, orl 
admonishes those who bad been under the law.i 
or were troubled by Judaizing teachers; or 
when he addresses Jews who rested in the 
law, or gentiles with u view of reaching the 
,Iew8 through them. Their obvious meaning 
is, that Justification or pardon is not by the 
works and righteousness of the Mosaic law. 
Nor is it by any work of human invention. 
But do the Scriptures ever tell us that Justifi-! 
cation is not by the work a of tUe gosnel? — not 
by the works of "the perfect law of liberty ?" — 
not by obeying the commands of Jesus? Is 
he "the author of eternal salvation" to any 
but "them that obey him?" Heb. 5: tt. God 
"will rfnder to every man according to his 
deeds." Rom. 2: 6. Men will be judged by 
the things "written in the books, according to 
their works." Rev, 20: 12. "Whoso looketh; 
into the perfect law of liberty and continueth 
therein, he being not n forgetful hearer, but a 
r/oe»- of ?/ie M'oe/.-, this man shall be blessed in 
his deed. Jas. 1: 25. "IJy faith Noah being 
warned by God concerning things not yet seen, 
* * prepared an ark for the snuing of Am 
liottse; bif which (preparation of an ark) he 
condemned the world and became an heir of the 
righteousness lehich is by faith." Heb. 11:7. 
Did he not become heir of the righteousness of 
faith by preparing an ark? "What doth it 
profit my brethren though a man say he hath 
faith, and have not works, can faith save him?" 
Jas. 2: 14. "Wilt thou ;kiiow, vain man 
that faith without works is dead? Was 
not Abraham our father juatijied by works, 
when he had ottered up Isaati bis sou upon the 
alter? Seestthon \iow/aith wrought with his 
irorkst and bif works was faith made perfect? 
.\nd the scripture was fulfilled which saith 
.\brabam believed God, and it was imputed un- 
to him for righteousness; and he was called the 
friend of God." Jas. 2: 21-^i;3. This was be- 
fore the law, nor does it refer to circumcision 
U wsi ths Jlrst time Goi confirmed his cove- 
nant promise, witti which it was directly con- 
nected, to Abraham by oath. By myself have 
I sworn saith the Lord, for because thou hast 
done this thing and hast not withheld thy 
son, thine only son, that in blessing I will 
bless thee, and in multiplying I will mul 
tipiv tby seed as the stars of h'.aven and as the 
sand upon the sea-shore; and thy seed shall 
possess the gate of his enemies; and in thy 
seed shall all the nations of the earth be bless- 
ed, because thou hast obeyed my voice.^' Qen. 22: 
16-18. See Luke 1:73; Heb. 5: 13-17. "Ye 
see then how that by works a maj' is justified, 
and not by faith only." Jas. 3: 24. Thus we 
see that James had to correct the same error 
into which many are running now, who won't 
believe his teaching on this point, though an 
apostle, and leork hard to make others disbe- 
lieve it. But they complain that we "attach 
too ranch importance to the exercise of the 
creature." Ans: No people attach less merit 
to human actions than we. Are not repentance 
and faith creature exercises? DoesQod repent 
and believe for sinners? Do any people preach 
pardon without faiths Mark Iti: 16; Luke 13: 
3. Repentance, faith, and baptism, are all 
creature exercises, required by God only where 
they are possible and so far from meriting sal- 
vation, that after we have done all, we are still 
unprofitable servants and have only done our 
duty. Nevertheless a neglect of duty ia a 
neglect of life. But why disparage the im- 
portance of work? Is not faith itself work? — 
the work of the understanding iu apprehend- 
ing the truth? — the work of the will in con- 
senting to the truth? — the work ot the affec- 
tions in confiding in the truth? Does not the 
work ot grace confer remission? — the work of 
Christ merit it? — the ircrA- of the Holy Spirit 
apply it?— the TorA'of preaching proclaim it? 
Rem. 10: 14-17; 1 Cor. 1: 18-21— the work of 
repentance, faitU and bapli=m accept it? — tl.e 
work of holiness continue iu it? "Blessed arn 
they that do his commandments, that they nuiy 
hare right to ihe treeof life, and tnay enter in 
through the gales into the city." R^v. 22: 14 

Can such right and entrano- In- .>i>joyed by those 
who will rto/./o his commnndments? Dr. S. 
Graves in the Standard, a Bitptirt paper of Chi- 
cago of June 27th, 187S. saya "Whatever obe- 
dience to Christ bas to do with salvation, bap- 
tism hay." Amerienn Christifsn Hrrinc, VoL 
21, page 234. But some seem to think be- 
cause we urge the importance of baptism that 
we therefore undervalue Ibo Atonement and 
the Holy ?iirit work. Iwill let Mr. Willmarth, 
a Baptist, answer this objection for us. He 
s«y.s, "It cannot undervalue the Atonement, 
for the Baptism is ou^ resting upon, and da- 
riving all its value from, the name of the Lamb 
of God; and this is distinctly understood by 
the person baptized, who submits to the rite as 
aheliever in thatmw. It cannot disparage 
the work of the spirit, since he alone effectu- 
ally calls men to Repentance and Faith; and 
it is 6;/ (Qre-k en. in, within the inllueuce of) 
one spirit that ire irnr all haplhrd into OM 
boily, i. <■-, the spirit leads the penitent believer 
to Baptism and bless the rite." Baptism And 
Hemissiou, pp. 9, 10. Men may simply 6;- 
lieie, and hy no means be saved. "Then saici 
Jesus to those Jews which hrlicrcd on him. If 
ye continue in my word, then are ye my disci- 
ples indeed; and ye shall know the truth and 
the truth shall make you free. John 8: 31. 
If faith alone will save, these Jews were saved, 
yet Christ plainly tells them "ye are of your 
father the devil, and the lusts ofyour father ye 
will do " S 44. This is one example in 
which even believers were children of the devil. 
"Among the chief ruteri, also, many believed 
on him, but because of the Pnarisees they did 
not confess him, lest they should be turned out 
of thesyuagoge, for they loved the praise of 
men more than the praise of God." John 19: 
42,43. If faith alone saves, then these men 
were saved. "They "bcliteed on him" but had 
not confessed him, i, e., had not put him on by 
baptism. They loved the synagogues better 
than the companionship of the despised and 
humble Nazarenes. They loved the praise of 
men more than the praise of God. Were they 
in a pardoned, saved state? Let Jesus answer. 
"Whosoever therefore shall be ashamed of me 
and of my words, iu this adulterous and sinful 
generation, of him also iihall the Son of Man 
be ashamed, when he cometh in the glory of 
his Father, with the holy ang^^Is. Mark 8: 38. 
Faith saves, with repentance and baptism, 
Paul says, "Whosoever shall cail on the name 
of the Lord ehal! be saved." Rom, 10:13. 
Here salvation is conditioned on calling on the 
name of the Lord. It says nothing about re- 
pentance, faith, conversion, etc. Must we 
therefore conclude that it promises salvatioh 
to the exclusion of faith and as a condition? 
Certainly not, and yet such a conclusion 
would be as rational as the deductions wiiich 
exclude baptism from passages which nieutioQ 
laitb only. Because one lives by breathing 
does he therefore not also live by eating, sleep - 
ing, etc.? If he would quit eating and sleep- 
ing, how long would his breath continue? Be- 
cause one's sins are remitted through faith can 
they therefore not he remitted through repent- 
ance and baptism? Is not submission to 
Christ's authority a condition of the very ex- 
istence ot confidence and (rust in him? How can 
one confide or trust in a government for protec- 
tion, from which he witholds ohedienco? How 
can the farmer appropriate to himself by faith, 
God's promise of "seed time and harvest," who 
refuses to put bis hands to the plow? How 
could Peter's hearers on Pentecost have even 
6e/i'f(V(/ all he preached without believing that 
they had to repent and be baptiz:d for the re- 
mission of sins? Acts 2:38. Would not a 

fusal of baptism on their part have left them 
destitute of the faith ivhich ia unto salvation? 
it not obedience to God in going forward 
into the waters of that typical bapliam that 
Israel realized God's temporal salvation? Ex. 
14:13,15; 22-30. Was it not the ev.-ntin 
which their despondency and fears were ex- 
changed for the faith which received the blees- 
ing? Vs. 10-12, 31. Would their faith have 
saved them without it? But oneqqoling (Col. 
2: 6) that if we received Christ in hapti^m, we 
ought to continue to walkin him in b,iptism, 
I answer, since we received him in baptism by 
faith, we have never been unbaptiz^l but hope 
by grace to continue in that state unto the 
end. ^^^___— ^ 

It is reported that Bigelow and Main have 
published 7,609,000 copies of Gospel Hymns. 

rtiK nKici jdLiriii;^ ^T woitK:. 

Februa r 


^ome ami f aiiiilo- 

HuabnnciB, love your wlv(^3. Wivt;s, siihmtt your- 
■elVf-9 unUi your own huabanda. Children, Obey 
Toar piirenta. Fiithera, provokenotyourchiJdreo t" 
wraih, butbripgUiemupinthe nurture and ad 
monllfon of the Lord, -^orviinta, l>e obedient Ui 
thnm that an- your niiwters.— Paiii,, 


Vfluit matter, friend, tliougli you iind I 

Miiy BOW, and others gather? 
We bull 1, and others occupy, 

EHch liiboring for the other. 
IVhnt though we toil f r.mi eiin to Bun, 

And racL forget to Hatter 
The noblest work our bands have done— 

If ij al jipiHO*'--. "■'■'"' lUiiu.". • 
What matter though we sow in tears. 

And crops fall at the reaping: 
What though the fruit of patient years 
Fuel perisli in our keeping; 
Upotniiii- (.,,..i.| (r^.Hiir- Hoods 

Arise iuid tempests gather— 
If faith beholds beyond the clouds 

A cloarersky, what matterV 
What matter thongli oiir castles fall, 

And disappear while buililiup: ' 

Though strange hand-writing on the wall 

Flame out amid the gilding; 
Tli"Ugh every iilnl of ilin h.Mrt 

The hand of death may ahntf-r; 
Though hopes decay and frii>nd3 depart— 

If heaven be outs, what matler? 

With no wave of h')p6and lear; 
Uut a storm hail swept across it 

And its deepest dept-ns were stirred 
Never, never more to slumber- 
Only by a word. 
I have known a word more gentle 

Than the breath of summer air. 
In a list'nlng heart it nestled 

As it lived forever there. 
Not the beating of its prison 

Ijtlrred IE ever night or day, 
Unly with the heart's last throbbing 

Could it fade away. 
Words are mighty, words are living 

Serpents with their venomed stings. 
Or brlglit angets crowding round us 

With heaven's light upon their Bings. 
Every word has its own spirit, 

True or false, that ne^erdies. 
Every word man's lips have uttered 

Echoes in God's sldea." 
Lanark, III. 



WE often meet, with persons who seem tn 
liave a very poor estimate of words and 
their true meaning. Tlaey are powerful wenp- 
OBM, und produce joy or misery. Who has not 
telt the force of cutting, sarciuslic words, sting- 
ing Uio ht'art and often causing hours of 
wretcheduuss? Again, how ssveetly ialla the 
kind woi-d, how touching the look of sympathy 
and the warm preasnre of the hand that tell 
us unmistukablv, that othei-s feel for us 
oud would disdain the t h o u ^ h t of giving us 
pain. There are many to-day whose hearts are 
aching aud lives made hitter by the cruel words 
which liav-i' been thoughtlessly spokea. No 
heart is so callous that ifc cauuot be penetrated 
by kiudneiH. The most degraded tramp that 
comes to our doors, although lie may have led a 
life of wickedness, and bis appearance may indi- 
cate a rough nature, but we know not what 
may have been his trials and temptations, and 
if we manifest a feeling of tenderness for him;— 
Bpeak kindly and relieve bis wants, we will 
awaken t^'uder thoughts, aud perhaps, as he 
remeuibers hia early life and the sweet infiu- 
6uce of home aud mother, the silent tear may 
be seeu tricklhig down over the care-worn 
cheek. lie will leel that he is not alone in the 
world, aud although be may be hoinekss, a sad 
thought indeed, yet he will receive kindness 
from our bauds with grateful uesa, aud will go 
forth with a d.isire to live a better life. 

There is nothing gaiued bv uttering words 
which wound sensitive hearts, but often we 
drive from us who would he our true and 
constant friends. Then let us learn to think 
before we apeak and consider bow wf wo 
feel were some friend to speak harshly to 
There is so much in the maimer we speak. An 
old adage teaches us that "It is not so much 
what you say, as how you say it, and thi 
have all experienced to be true. The ) 
harsh language if spoken in a mild tone, and 
with a view to do us good would have quite a 
different eftVct and leave eood impres-^iions. A 
certain writer says, "Harsh words are like hail- 
stones, which, if melted, would fertilize the 
tender plants they batter down " 

"Words are Ii,{htcr thau the clouds from 

Olf the res'less ocean spray. 
Vainer thau the trembling shadows 

That the next hour steals nwny. 
By the fall of summer raiu-drops 

In the air as deeply stirred. 
And the rose leaf that we tread on 

Will outlive a word. 
Yet in the dull siUuce breaking, 
Wi h a ligbtuiug flash, a word, 
Wftariug endless desolation 

On its blighting wings, I heard. 
Earth can forge no keener weapons 

Dealing surer death and pa n. 
And the cruel echo answered 
Through long years again. 
1 have known a word hang starlike 

o'er a dreary waste of years. 
And it only shone the brighter 

Looked at through a mist of t«ars, 
Wliile a weary wanderer gathered 

Hope und heart on life's dark way, 
By its faithful shining 

Clearer day by day, 
I have kuown a spirit calmer 

Than the clearest lake, aud clear 
As the heaven that gazed upon it 


MUCH. The gentle elements of her nature 
have fitted her for command; and God 
has made the empire of her heart boundless- 
Love is the bond of sympathy with all intelli 
gent creatures. It is the maater-priuciple of 
society; a spontaneous emotion of the soul, obe- 
dient to no motives save those which claim 
kiudship with its own character. Fear cannot 
inspire it; power cannot suppress it; wealth 
cannot purchase it; authority cannot command 
it. A slave in all its malignant passions, the 
soul is free in every exercise of affection, in 
every part of benevolence. However other 
objects may inspire the emotion, woman wa.s 
made to be mistress of this jiassion in the soul. 
If she does not rule in the heart of mqn, it \» 
usually because goodness does not rule her 
own. She may light the torch of benevolence, 
and direct its fire wherever she will; her empire 
is boundless aud free. This influence was given 
to make her both the guardian aud ministering 
angel. Devoted to frivolity, her inHuence reach- 
es only to the fancy, and neither makes or 
returns a permanent couquest; but consecrated 
to charity, it will die only with the memory oi 
her who was "last at the cross, aud first at the 

Intemperance afflicts man; but it blasts wo- 
man. It lays the withering stroke on her 
heart, and her beauty consumes like a moth. 
while her joy goes down to the tomb. Man 
survives the loss of happiness; woman — never. 
Man has a thousand chances to secure it — wo- 
man has but one. The evils which intemper- 
ance lays upon man, come often one at a time; 
on woman they light all together. We ask 
her to throw her benevolence into the scale, to 
secure protection for her own fireside, and her 
Own heart. P'or aught you can lell, the fate 
of yonder widow, friendless and forlorn, may 
soon be vours; for aught you can tell, the de- 
stroyer who wrote the mother childless, to- 
morrow may lay destruction at your dcor and 
break your heart. Whatever may be your pow- 
er to attract, to persuade, to command, hesitaio 
not to throw that power into this cause, aud 
then, no matt-er what may he the result, you 
shall know that you are guiltless. 

In the domestic circle is cast the character 
of mau; it gives expression to nations. If pu- 
rity aud peace are not found tl;ere, society will 
be filled with discontent and contention. As 
sure as intemperance crosses the threshold of 
domestic life, every pure and high iufiuencc 
will depart. Low indulgence, crawling down 
through every degree of meanness — even though 
covered with refinement — drags the soul along 
robbing it of noble sensibilities, and introduc- 
ing it to every form of "swilled insolence," till 
she entirely "loses the divine property of her 
first being." Let those who preside over t.e 
sanctities of domestic life, and administer its 
sacred rights, guard the entrance against the 
first apppoacb of this monster. If the house- 
hold gods are not kept in purity, there is not 
a deity that is safe from pollution. — Golden 



WE often see the motto, "What is home 
without a mother?' and I have realized 
the truthfulness of it long ago. To-day as we 
witnessed the family and friends of an aged 
father take the last lingering look at the pale 
face, aud part to meet never more on earth, we 
thought what is home without a father? I 
could enter into their feelings, as I too have 
recently had to part with a dear father, to 
whom we had l>een accustomed to look for 
counsel and advice. 0, what a change when 
father is taken away! Home with its sacred 

associatinns no more exists. Sad thought, and 
no doubt our friends realize the same, but this 
is not the last of them. We can loi'k beyond 
this vole of t^ars with the eye of faith imd be- 
hold another scene. There are the spirits ol 
the just made perfect in that blest abode, wait- 
ing to greet us home again if we also prove 
faithful until the end. Then will our sorrows 
be turned to joy when we meet to part no 
more in that city of gold. Our homes in this 
world are dear, but that home will so farticeed 
the best and loveliest here that we cannot con- 
ceive the glory of it, even the streeU of the 
city are of pure gold. While contemplating 
this we must cease to sorropr and rejoice that 
WH have those there who were so dear to us 
here, While thinking of them our minds are 
drawn from earth, aud our afi'ections centered 
more firmly on things above. May we strive 
to become worthy to enter the golden city and 
meet our loved ones there to be reunited for- 

Miffiinlmrg, Pa. 


ALL great works are done by serving God 
with what we have on hand, Moses was 
keeping sheep in Midian. Qod scut him to Is- 
rael, but he shrank from the undertaking. We 
sympatbi/e with Jetbro's herdsman, alone and 
a stranger, owning not a lamb that he watched. 
He had nothing but his shepherd's rod cut out 
of a thicket, the mere crabstick with which he 
euided his sheep. Any day he might throw it 
away and cut a better one. And God said: 

"What is that in thine hand? With this rod, 
with this stick, tbon shalt save Israel." And 
so it proved. 

"What tis that thou hast in thine baud, 
stranger?" An ox-goad with which I urge my 
lazy beast." Used for God, and Sharagar's 
goad defeats the Philistines. 

"What is that in thine hand, David?" 'My 
sling with which I keep the wolves from the 
sheep." Yet with that sling he slew Goliah, 
whom an army dare not meet. 

"What is tliat in thine hand, disciple?" 
"Nothing but five barley loaves and two fish- 
es." "Bring tbem to me: give them to God, 
And the multitude was fed. 

"What bast thou, Dorcas?" "My needle. 
Use it for God, and those coats and garments 
keep multiplyinii, and are clothing the naked 
still.— S(i/c Slmlenl. 


IT seems to me nature designs very few peo- 
ple to be scholars, but when so many niiike 
a failure of life we are greatly surprised and 
say they bad a good education, wheu in reali):}' 
it was, for them, the worst education in the 
world, because they were not fitted to do their 
work. The result of education should be to 
elevate one's uses, but sometimes a student 
himself reminds one of the cheap wooden box 
iu which his booke are packed. We certainly 
have different capacities for assimilation of 
mental food, and I think that to be gifted with 
a tenacious memory and a brain that is not 
constructive, and a little heart that will nlwajs 
be poor aud have nothing to give is a most 
melancholy state of aS'dirs. There is a certain 
kind of character, which if it tries to be a 
scholar, is a miser with bis wealth, because it 
does not know how to spend and make use of it. 
— Gijoil (Jomp(in>j . 


NU«BEH X551.\, 

Mouiit Hermon. 

f rroiD tho "(JhrlaHAA SuDdar,!" by ipedAl ArTuigcmeDL.| 

My last letter closed with an account of 
Citsarea I'hilippi, and of the castlc' 
crowned rock which rises one thousand ieet 
above it. The locality was full of interest on 
account of its association with the sixteenth 
chapter of Matthew; but when our eyes were 
lifted up to the still lottier spurs of majestic 
Hermon, which rose before us to the north 
we were reminded of that grandest of all the 
scenes in the life of Jesus, his transfiguration, 
which occurred on some of those bights. If 
the apostle Pet«r, looking hack after many 
years to that glorious vision, could style its 
loiiality "the holy mount" (2 Peter 1: IS), the 
modern pilgrim to the Holy Land may be ex- 
cused for regarding it with veneration. Filhd 
witb this emotion, I was determined to accom- 
plish what few excursions attempt, the ascent 
of Mt, Heimon to its topmost summit. For 
this purpose, instead of taking the most direct 
route from Ctesarea Pbilippi to Damasacus. 
which would have led us along the southern 

side of Mt. Hermon, we took the most circuit 
(HM route around its northern slopes. Iu regard 
to the most available point Irom which to make 
the ascent, there was a palpable couHict be- 
tween the wish of our dragoman, backed by 
that of the muleteers, aud the advice contained 
in our most reliable guide book. We found, 
that by following the guide book (Baedeker's) 
we would accomplish our purpose, aud reach 
Damascus oue day sooner than by follin%iug 
our living guide; so at the risk of a threatened 
rebellion among the muleteers, who were in- 
capable of tbiuking that anythiug should be 
done dilferentty from what it hud been done, 
we gave positive ordeis tbat the ascent should 
begin from the village of Hasbeya. We also 
ordered that while we, with the dragoman and 
our atl«ndant servant, were nmkiiig the excur- 
sion, the camp should move forward to the vil- 
lage of Rasheya, about fitleeu miles turther on, 
at which point we were to complete the descent 
of the mountain. 

With this plan in view, we rode, on the 18th 
of June, from Cic^iaarea Philippi to tluabeya, a 
distance of about eighteeu miles. At Hiubeyu 
we were introduced to a new phase of social 
life. The population is chiefly Cbristiau, of 
the Greek Church, and the village was the 
scene of one of the most fiendish outrages 
which occured during the attempt at a univers- 
al massacre of the Syrian Cbristiaos in the 
year 1860. About 1.000 ol these unfortunate 
people took refuge from their persecutors in a 
castle occupied by the Turki'ih governor, where 
they had promise of protection. But the gar- 
rison of Turkish soldiers, under whose protec- 
tion they had placed themselves, fell upon 
them and murdered tbem iu cold blood. Men, 
women and children wore indiscriminately 
butcberL-d, aud their bleeding ^ bodies were 
heaped together in great masses where they 
fell. When we rode into the open court of 
about an acre in extent, wbtcli lies iu front of 
this eaatle, our dragoman, who remembered 
well the the time of the slimgbter, and was 
hiniielf under armsiu Beruit, witb hi'^ fellow 
Christians, calltd a halt, and eolemuly point- 
ing to tae huildiug, said: "In there thu blood 
was not less than three feet deep, and all over 
this court it wus not k^s than lour iuches." Uf 
course this was an exaggeration, Itut be told 
the story as it had been told to him; and the 
fact tbat it is believed, shows how deep an im- 
pression on the public mind was made by the 
fearful tragedy. 1 was the more impressed 
with the scenes of tliis awful massacre, from 
having met at Tyre, a lady whose parents aud 
immediate relatives were all among the vic- 
tims. She was left a helpless orphan, only ton 
years of age; but Mrs. Mutt, an Knglmh lady 
iu Beruit, who had aud still has, a schuoi for 
girls, received her into it, supported her, edu- 
cated her, taught her the Protestant faith, aud 
sent her forth to be a missionary teacher. Siie 
was teaching a school in Tyre, and such w,i3 
her interest in Christian people, that wheu we 
were there she made a visit to our camp aud 
related to us the story of her life and labors. 
Long may she continue to show her gratitude 
lor the blessings bestowed on her, by spreading 
the light among the children of her benighted 
people. I thought, while conversing with her, 
of our own orphan school at Midway, K;^'., 
and I would commend her example to the dear 
girls of that institution, 

I iiaid that we were introduced at Hasbeya, 
to a new phase of social life. It was new in 
contrast with that of the Arab population 
amid which we had hitherto traveled. Here, 
the, though cheap aud plain, had about 
tbem an air of cleanliness and home comfort. 
Women, in clean garments, were seen sitting 
on the door steps, or on the cheap verandahs, 
engaged iu sewing or knitting; and a number 
of plainly but decently dressed women, with 
white veils thrown gracefully over their heads, 
but not drf*wn down over their faces, freely 
came about our camp ti sell little articles of 
their handiwork. The ease, comfort and free- 
dom everywhere apparent, presented a pleasing 
contrast with the bondage, filth and shrinking 
reserve, which we bad everywhere seen in Mo- 
hammedan communities. 

Having a long and laborious ride before us 
for the 19th, we were up before daylight; we 
ate breakfast by the light of candles, and ere 
the sun bad gnilded the hill-tops, we were in 
the saddle. From about six o'clock till noon 
we were continually ascending the steep slopes 
which led toward the summit of Mt. Ucrmon. 
Our starting point, the village of Hasbeya, is 
2 :ilJU feet above the level of the sea, and our 
ascent included nearly 7,000 f-et more. We 
encountered nitthing of special interest on the 
way, eicept one most remarkable sarcopbagos. 
It was situated some five or six thousand feet 
above the sea, remote from any town or perma- 
nent habitation, and consisted of a mass of 

Ff binary 1^^ 


oaturEil rock about eiifht leet wide by te» in 
length, and riwing about seven feet above the 
i^niuuA. Iq the tlat tup ut' this rock ffern two 
graWs, side by sHe, with a tliin ruck partiliou 
Mt bijtweeu, aod in the bottom of eauh a uar 
row vault like tbo^e iu modern graves lor tbe 
immediate resting place ol' the body. They 
were the graves, in all probability, of a man 
nud bin wife dug here under the ini|>uise ot 
som« Mtran^e caiirice. and supposed to he a se- 
cure resting place for their dust until the res- 
urrection morning. But the atone ulaha which 
covered thetn are gone, the graves have been 
rifled of all their contenU, and there is noth- 
ing to telltlie atory of tbad*^iid uian':* hopes ex- 
cept the empty 8Dd silent rock. 

Mt. Ilermon ia not a rocky monntaiii, al- 
tiiougb aome very bold aud majestic masses of 
naked rock aie seen at intervals; but its snriace 
is composed chiefly of amooth slopes covered 
with aoil, and iu the spring it is clothed with 
verdure. Even as !at« as June lifth, the date 
of our ascent, the melting masses of snow sup- 
ply sullicieut moisture to keep alive a consider- 
able amouut uf vegetation, and the shepherds, 
in search of green pasture, lend their tto^ks of 
soats to its very i^nmmit. Here they watch 
over the tiocks by night as well as by day, and 
their food is brought to them from the far dis- 
tant vilhiiie below. Nor is their business un- 
attended with danger; for in these liuiuhabited 
mountain regions ravenous beasts that would 
devour the ilocka are still fonnd. Of this we 
had ocular demonstration; for while we were 
standing on the summit of the mountain a 
large brown bear started up not far from us, 
galloped leisurely ofl', and just before he disap- 
peared, turned around, sat down, and ga/.-d at 
us for a few moments as if iu doubt as to our 
identity, or of our right to invade his domin- 
ions. I knowaiot liow he gets his food unless 
he lives upon kids which he steals from the 

The top of the mountain contains evidence 
that it wa^ not always the uninhabited region 
that it now is; for it contains the ruins of 
an ancient heathen temple, and a dwelling 
place chiseled in the solid rock. The latter is 
a circular room about twenty-four feet in diam- 
eter, and its ceiling, which is about eight feet 
high, is supported by a pilK-.r of the natural 
rock left standing not far from the ceuter. 
Before itsdoorway, which is now nearly block 
ed up with earth, are two pieces of granite 
cohimns about fifteen inches in diameter, one 
prostrate, hut the other still erect. Who in- 
habited this singular dwelling, whether the 
heathen priests ot the temple near by, some 
hermit of the dark ages, or the shepherds of 
some for.ner period, can not now be determin- 
ed. But it was certainly a very suitable dwell- 
ing for a mountain-top which is covered with 
snow during the principal part of the year. 

The fall of snow and rain in this entire 
country was much lighter than usual last 
Winter, and consequently, we found on the 
mountain only a few small patches of snow, 
and these will disappear before the Summer is 
over; but usually the snow remains in largp 
fields throughout the entire Summer. 

Notwithstanding the masses of unmelted 
snow that were about us, and our elevation of 
more than 9,000 feet above the sea level, the 
thermometer stood at 71°, and we were cou 
strained to shelter ourselves from the sun with 
our umbrellas. 

The view from the top of Hermon was of 
course the most extensive that we enjoyed in 
all our tour. Our eyes were very naturally 
turned first towards Damascus. It was too far 
away to bo distinguished, even with a glass. 
It appeared like a smiH yellow field of irregu- 
lar outline, in the midst of a va'it field of 
green. The oasis in which it lies, and which is 
made such by the waters of the famous rivers 
Abauaand i'harper, was allin view, and the 
surrounding desert was seen to stretch away 
ia every direction until it was lost in the dim 

Our eyes were ueit turned southward, over 
the region which we had recently traversed. 
Far down in a deep depression lay the lake of 
Galilee, almost hid by the mist which the heat- 
ed atmosphere is constantly lifting from \U 
surface. Beyond the lake of Galilee, the farth- 
est point that we could distinguish was Mt. 
Tabor; and farther to the west the horizon 
was bounded by the long ridge of Mt. Carniel. 
Westward and to the northwest, the moun- 
tains of Lebanon hid all more distant objects 
from the view, and between them and the 
Hermon range lay spread the long, nar 
valley called by the Romans, Co-le-syria. The 
atmospLere was exceptionally clear, and 
throughout the wide circuit of our horizon the 
various objects were anusually distinct. 

In regard to the atmosphere of Palestine I 
was seriously disappointed!. All the tourists 

whose writings I had reai united iu one un- 
broken chorus to extol the marvelous clearness 
of the Syrian atmosphere, and the brilliancy 
of a Syrian -ky by night. My expectation 
was therefore keyei up vtn-y high, aod I antici- 
pated rare >'njnyment from thin source. Iu one 
respect I was unt di^appuinted. 

During the eighrv-aix'days of our sojourn in 
Palestine and Southern Syria, fhere were not 
more than eight or t«n, I think, iu which the 
sun did not shine all the day, and the stars all 
the night. And when looking at distant ob- 
jects, we almost invaribly underestimated their 
distance from us. But I accounted for this 
latter circumstance by our want of experience 
in long distances, rathiyr than by an 
unusual transparency of the atmosphere, bijcau^e 
Imost every instance we found distant ob- 
jects covered with a haze which prevented us 
)rom seeing them distinctly, and every 
time that we climbed a hight for the purpose ol 
obtaining a far-reacliiug view, the haziness ot 
the atmosphere was a tantali/.ing hindrance. 1 
was led to make frequent comparisons with 
t he atmosphere of our own country; and al 
though in America we have many rainy, cloudy 
and misty days, 1 am sure that I have seen 
ibjects there with more distinctnes than I have 
in Palestine; and although our nighta are often 
dark, I have looked up iVuni my own door steps 
11 the summer time with my wite and children 
ibout me, to a clearer tky and to brighter stara 
than I have seen in Palestine, Egypt, Greece or 
Italy. And ih^n, on a frosty night in winter, 
if the stars Jind moon ever shone more brightly 
in the wide world than they shine on the free- 
born people of America, I have ytt to see it, or 
to read of it in authentic records, I think it 
must be Euglish writers, iu whose sea-girt home 
clear day and a bright night are seldom seen, 
who have given to Palestine its fictitious repu- 
tation for transparency of atmosphere. 

Our descent ofMt. Herman was tar more 
rapid, and along far steeper slopes, than our as- 
c-'nt. It had hardly begun when we passed a 
Hock of goats grazing beside a bank of snow 
A saepherd-boy filled a bowl wi h fresh goatV 
milk, thickened it with snow, and oflered it to 
<i3 to drink. We stirred in some sugar, and 
made a very refeshing kind of ice cream, the 
nearest to the genuine article, which we had 
tasted for many a day. We then moved on 
toward the plains below, walking down the 
steepest slopes, and riding down others where 
the danger of slipping, saddle and all, over our 
horses' heads, seemed imminent., and completed 
an excursion of twelve hours by reaching our 
tents at lia^heya about sunset. Men and horses 
were all prepared for a good night's rest, and 
this they all enjoyed. J. W. MoGarvey. 


Notes and Observations. 

Dear Brethren: — 

ACCORDING to appointment of our Mia- 
sion Board, we left home December the 
6th. to visit a colony of member.? iu Vanwest 
County, Ohio, with Brother Daniel Brower; 
met an interesting little congregation on 
Lord's Day morning in this new house of wor- 

The continued jain rendered the roads, in 
that flat country, well nigh impassable. We, 
however, continued morning and evening ser- 
vice, to a growing congregation until the 18th, 
resulting in one addition by baptism, and four 
applicants, and their little faithful member- 
ship much encouraged. 

On the evening before Christmas, we com- 
menced labor with the brethren at Sugar 
Creek, Allen County, Ohio. The congregations 
here were large, and a serious interest soon de- 
veloped itself. 

On the first Lord's Day of the meeting, the 
church was led to engage in her first season of 
rejoicing at the happy return of eight precious 
wanderers. We contmued at their old church 
with interest and success until January 11th, 
when, by mutual consent, the meeting was 
moved to a point of their field of labor, five 
miles east, where our ears were again saluted 
with tbe trembling tones of the humble peni- 
tent. There seemed to pervade the meeting, a 
calm, serious and anxious concern, upon the 
part of all, both old and young. Many were 
led to feel and confess the wrestling influence 
of God's spirit upon their hearts. The result 
of the meeting was, twenty-two additions. 

The Sugar Creek Congregation is one of the 
oldest pioneer organizations of North-western 
Ohio. Her trials have been many; her contests 
have been great; and her struggles long an : 

m. Annual meetiug has at difl'erunt timt- 
sent coniniittee.4 in suit of peace; adjoining el- 
ders have at different times with them, »iH ii. 
council, and with S'gha of sadness listened tu 
their tales of (rouble. But they, veteran like, 
"have fought bravely long and well; and w> 
feel happy in the thought that "victory i- 
theirw," "Midion is being delivered in their 
handf." Brother Daniel Grower, their elder, 
has been found in the frout in all their con- 
teats. He has endured much; he has done 
much for the cause among them; he is feeling 
the etiect of age. He happily was one of thost- 
ihat stood by the water weeping for joy as we 
led the loved ones of his own house from the 
watery grave. 

The Sugar Crenk Brethren have done much 
in preserving the ancient order of the church 
in dress and general worship. Wo look upon 
them in this as a good precedent. Many ol 
their number haveat difiereut times migrated 
to difi'''rent parts; eight of these, we counted 
one evening by one of their firesides, were let 
tered as ministers. We hope that they, like 
Brother Paul, will forget the unhappy things oi 
the past, and r ach forth to those things which 
are before; and thus gather those precious halt- 
ing aliens into the timely gurunr of the Lord, 
I. J. Rosen BEiuiER. 

From North Manchester, Ind. 

Dear Brethren:— 

ON Nov. r2th. '79, we met for the purpose of 
calling one to the ministry. The lot fell 
on brother Isaac Mdler, who we believe will 
prove faithful to his calling. May the Lord 
help him to do his Master's will. 

On the 20th ol December we commenced 
meeting in the North Manchester district. Our 
brethren Jacob Siiell, Daniel Bock and Balzac 
Gordaii labored tor us during the remainder ol 
the year, and brethren John H. Milter and 
Daniel Wysong were with us during the first 
three days of 18S0. At this stage of the ment- 
ing two precious ones came out on the Lord' 
side. The water was chilly but not too much 
so to follow Jesus. Ou Sunday, the 4th, we 
met again and our home preachers told 
us of the goodness of God. The same evenin 
a young man was made willing to go with u 
and on Monday was buried beneath the liquid 
stream. The brethren worked up (piite an in 
terest but left too soon. On the 18:h, aiiothei 
youth camo out for bapliim. 0, what joy ou 
'■arth and in heaven too! On the 22ad. wo m\:\ 
in council: had a pleasant meeting. Seven min 
isters were present and best of all we agait 
met at the water side where we led two more 
of our young men into the water. This was 
joy beyond description. May they he bright 
and shining lights and he instrumental 
bringing others to Christ, During last year we 
baptued sixty-one. Young brethren and sisters. 
be about your Master's business. Go forth in 
the discharge of every duty and may the Lord 
lead, guide and direct you all tl'at yon may in- 
fluence your young friends to come to Jesus. 
Tell them to come while iu the prime of life, 
while they can do most for Jesus. 


From MorrlsonviUe, III. 

WE have hapti/.?d four since the 1st of Oct. 
We have regular preaching on the first 
and third Sundays of each month in our meet- 
ing-house in Palmer, and the second and fourth 
Sundays two miles south of Morrisonville. On 
the 17th of January brother Daniel Vanimau 
started for Palmer, expecting to he at our reg- 
ular appointment on the following day. He 
day he came on to PiJmer; preaehed morning 
and evening, also three evenings following. 
We then sent for brother John Metzgar to 
come. He came and continued the meeting 
over the following Sunday, and although we 
had no additions, made many warm friends. 
R ached the home of brother Henry Miller on 
Saturday at 2 o'clock, and having preached in 
that neighborhood iu former years, tbey wan- 
ted him to stay and preach iu a school-house 
near by that- evening to which he consented. 
Several of them started out on h'tr-eback and 
by night had a house full of hearers. The next 
made to the Brethren. Aiter the close of the 
last meeting an old man came up and bade 
brother John good-bye and said, "We difl'er a 
little but I hope to meet you in the other 
world." We think the seed sown will be a.- 
bread cast upon the waters and will be gathered 
in the near future. The meetings were well 
attended and the good counsel received will lorg 
be remembered by many. Come again, breth- 
leo. A. S. Lesr. 

The way to be righted yourself, is to be care- 
ful not to wrong others. 

From Franklin, W. Va. 

Itrnr Birihrtn: — 

I HAVE been taking the B. at W. for over a 
year. It aflords a great deal of pleasure, 
:»nd 1 hope that its page.s will do good in every 
lauiily. It people would only invest mor« of 
their means iu good books and paiwra how 
much better it would he. We have preaching 
only oncea month by brother Uickenaou. Bro. 
D. Yonut, of Augusta county Va., came uz 
tiuiei and baptized upwards of thirty persona. 
May God add his ble^siug that lii< ma}' go on 
m his good work. Thore is a crowu laid up foe 
all who will do liit will, l'^ i, mh, ii i„) i.xi„u, 
._, ourselves n little closer wo would not h^ive 
anything to say ub>uit those that try to do 
good. Search the Scriptures daily, 


From Cartersville. Va. 

Dmr Brdhrm:— 

WE are only fdw in number and no preacher 
nearer than sixty miles, but we try, by 
the help of the Lord, to assemble togi'therevery 
two weeks at the houses of our brethren and 
worship God. Today we met at the liouse of 
brother Sheets with a congregation of fifty 
persons. The 25th chapter of Mutt, wos read 
and spoken from by the hrethreu. We desire 
a minister to come and locate among us. There 
are good people here. Lust Fall I visited in 
Augusta county, and bad the privilege of hear- 
ing much good preaching and met with many 
dear brethren and sisters. I thought of our 
isolated condition here in Cumberland county, 
and wondered if they appreciated their grand 
Sahah J, Etter, 

From Pleasant Valley Ohurch, Ind. 

ON the 17th of January brethren D. Younce, 
J. L. Berkey and John Metzler came to 
a,ssist in holding a aeries of meetings. Com- 
menced on the evening of tha 17th, and con- 
tinued until the 29th, closing with twenty* 
three sermons and twelve additions. The con- 
gregations were the largest we ever hod. Our 
meeting-house ou several occasions was tilled to 
its utmost capacity. Truly it was a seaaon 
long to be remembered. Fathera and mothers 
were made to rejoice to see their children come 
to the fold ol Christ, and sinners were made to 
weep. Give God the prain'!. A. A. WisB. 

From Bro. Samuel Murray. 

WE commenced a meeting in the Cedar 
Lake District, Dekalb Co,, Ind., on the 
evening of the 9th of January. Continued un- 
til the evening of the 18th. Congregations not 
large and not much interest manifested. Had 
several very interesting social meetings. Closed 
with pretty fair interest but no additions, — ■ 
Brethren Phiels and Leore were with us and 
did the most of the preaching. Last week we 
had some very interesting meetings and we be- 
lieve if we could have continued, there would 
have been some additions. Brother Jamea 
Barton is the elder of this District. The mem- 
bers seem to be zealous in the good cause. May 
the good Lord help them to go ou \n the good 
work of the Master. 

A Misunderstanding. 

Dear EdUors:— 

I WRITE to say that in reference to the cir- 
culation of Petitions in the diS'erent church- 
es to be presented to the Miami Valley, Ohio 
meetiug in March, that Eld. C. Horner, one of 
the corresponding committee for said meeting, 
told me that it was not, and is not, any part of 
the arrangement of the November meeting of 
Elders, or of said committee, to have any peti- 
tions whatever circulated prior to the March 
meeting alluded to; and that in view of the 
active circulation of Petitions in some parte, 
and the confusion and irritation created by the 
circulation of these Petitions, the committee 
will likely he obliged soon to make and publish 
a correction of the Petition rumors as no part 
of them work our puroose. 

S. S. MoHLEB. 

Coviiujion, 0. 

From Bro. John Wise. Brethren :— 

HAD meeting in the Hurricane Creek 
Church, Bond County, Illinois, from thfe 
Iftth to the 24tb inst. On the 25th we om- 
meuced in the Mulberry Grove Congregation 
and continued six days and evenings. There 
were no additions to the chnrch, but we bad 
some very good meetint-'s. May God who giv- 
eth the mcrease bltss the labor that it may 
'ring forth much fruit. 



February 1^ O 

Missionary Wort. 

THE article under this title under the signa- 
ttire of John Forney in No. 4, we trust 
commends ilaelfto the favorahle notice of every 
minifiter, and will receive a hearty response 
from nil those whose c^rcumstancs are such a= 
will justify Ihein to engage in the lutor on the 
plan our veternn brother suggests; but mean- 
while, what are thos^ miniBfers. who have large 
families and no means of nupport but their own 
incessiint. labors under the blesBing of God, to 
do? Do we expect them to leave their helpless 
families to the cold cimrities of the world and 
labor in the vineyard without any provision for 
temporal support? Or do we expoct them to 
allow all the calls so earn'-stly directed to them, 
to gu unheeded, atightrd and neglected? A-e 
there not precious souls perishing in manyjo- 
calitita not far removed from the Helds of labor 
of many of ourminiaters. whose temporal ci: 
cum^lnuces are perhaps not bo favorable as 
that of some others? Would it be wrong to 
put under contribution the wealth and means 
the Brotherhood bo abundantly possesses, in 
order to enable many of the laitbfui heralds of 
the cross to respond to the calls which are now 
neglected? Joseph HoLSOPrLE. 

Indiana, Pa. 

From Greene, Iowa. 

WY. are trying to do tbc bf-st we can. but we 
liave our turmoils too. I think we have 
our share and the causes are hard to see. Somf 
will not or cannot see their duty, but want the 
rest to Walk straight, and can see every miss- 
Btep made. Now I think we should try and 
keep in reason and get ourselves right, and 
then perhaps we can see bow to correct others, 
and above all, the officials should try and be 
ensamples, for if they wil! not do their duty, 
what can we exp''ct of the laity? Like begets 
like, and if the oHlcials hesitate to do what is 
their duty, it is hard and disagreeable w-irli 
to kt^ep the members in the path, but if the 
older will come up to the mark then the youn- 
ger will fall in line. Wm. Mooiie. 

Report of Western Home Missionary 

Brethren in Gage Co., Nebraska, *20.00 

Pawnee county, " 8 25 

Pony Crdek Church, " 20.85 

Falls City. Church, " 20.00 

H.dt County, Mo, 28,00 

Nishna Valley Church 4 25 

Sl.elby County, Iowa, 15.00 

Coon River, Iowa, S-OO 

Panther Creek, Iowa IT 50 

Dallas Center Church IT 50 

Total, S19125 


Danish Poor Fund. 

A. G. Bear, Wityneshorough, Pa, $1,00 

Jacob Swinger, III T5 

C. P. ROWT.AND, Treasurer. 
Lanark, HI. Jan. 24lh, 18$0. 
(P. C, pUaae copy.) 


Take Notice. 

AVING been appointed Supervisor of cen- 
sus of the 8th Pennsylvania Di'itrict, I 
will now be able to attend to any railroad bns- 
ineas for individuals. I will manage the A. M. 
railroad traffic eait of Chicago all the same as 
if I had not received the appointment, as my 
arrangements for that gathering are completed. 
Howard Miller. 

Prom Dcr.tnark, 

THE church here is still moving onward. We 
baptized one Jauu.iry 2ith, in Scoyer, and 
the prieat there raged like a mad mau. We 
have now three members there in one family, 
and we expect the old people to come too. Our 
brethren* and sisters whom we visited on our 
trip are all active and alive in the good cause, 
and live in peace and union. We expect to go 
south soon, and toShylaud to see our members, 
and if possible, to get some into the fold that 
stand near there. 

f We are tolerable in our family at present. 
Thank- God. May God bleas you all and give 
you strength to do much good. Your brother 
ill Christ. C. Hope. 

From Turkey Creek, Nebraska. 

HERE the ■■old ship" moves on slowly, but 
steadily. We still find a few p.issengers 
on it. We baptiz-ed one who had become .so re- 
duced by sickness as to be unable to go to the 
creek, but by making a box we immersed him 
in the bouse. May God be with him in his 
last hours. Brother F. Flory from Ionia came 
to us on the ITth and preached five sermons 
with good elVect. 

This is a healtliy country and land not very 
high. We would like if some ministers would 
come among us and settle down and help 
preach the gospel to all nations. 

Wm. Pullen. 


BY request, I will state to those brethren who 
desire to know, that I have bought a farm 
thrae miles north east of Falls City, Nebraska, 
where I expect to move in the Spring. Then 
I wil! try, if the Lord will give me strength, to 
fill some of those numerous calls in Nebraska 
and Kansas. Samuel J. Peck. 

Lanark, III. 
{Primitive and Prearhei', please copy) 



&l»>gd «• III. it*i "hich 



NoHcca should be brief, and mritlcii on pnper 
from nil other busiocss. 


FORNEY.— Near Sbannon, III, Jan. 2Sth, 
Ira, son of brother Elias and sister Fanny 
Forney, aged 4 years, G months and 14 days. 
He was sick about three months. 

S. H. Sprogle. 

Sotks, Fuiplikti, Tracts, ttc, for Salt il tbis Offict, 

Ad; Roligioua or Historical work in print aent oa r«ci'ipi 
if publishvr'a retail price. Id sending for books always 
giTc I Tbt! uame of the book. 2. Tho name of the 
ar. 3. TheadiirMS of IhepaHisliors. 

lav Tq&b andHvmn Bosk, 
piid, ?1.25. Pofdoisn. b 
single copy, pofil paid, 

H&lf Leather, Binfile, post 
. eipreas. *12,00. Morocco, 
50. Per (loion, by Diprc?a, 

The Gospol Proacber Vol. 1.— A book of iweniy well 
prepared aormon^. By Denjnmin Franklin. f2,00. 

PMlSEOphv of tha Plan of Salvation.— 12nio. By J. B 
Walker, This is a work of uncommon merit, olcer, lo- 
itruciivc, niid should be in the hands of all BIbli 
iludcnla. ^l.bO. 

Tho Throno of D'Tid. 
Shepherd of Ueihlchi 
snlom. By Ihe llov. 
spondid illiitiiniiion. 

from the coosccrMion of the 
10 iho Rebellion of Prince Ab 
ll.lngrnham, LLD. With fivi 
mo. Clotli, r^,00. 

A Treatise on Trine ImmBrelon. — Proving from the New 
Tcdtdineut, nnd the Ealablished Uules and Principlca o( 
Lnnjiriingu. tlial Baptism by Trine ImmorsioD is tho on- 
ly valid Bapliam. DyUwis IV. Tcclcr. 16 ots., Iwo 
copies 2G a(9. 

WlTlloftthflBaptiBtChnreh.— ByJ, W. suin. A in»i 

of If] pages.- 'icupics. lOcla; 40copie9, £1,00. 
Sablutlem. — By M. M. Esbelman. Treats the Snbbitlb 

question briefly nnd poinlBdly. 16 page?. 10 ccnla; 

20 copies, £I.0«. 
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10 CI 

; 12 CI 

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unit wood-cula. 12nio. Cloth, {'2.00 

Union Bible Dictionary. — A Bihlo Diotionnry giving nn 
QccMmte >iocounl and desciiplion of every phee, as 
noil a.? a history of all persons and places moQlioned 
in tbeBihIo, £1,G0, 

Oanphell and Farcell, — A Debate on the Roman Calho 
lie rcligioii, Juslthe book for the times. 31.60. 

Orudon'n Concordance to the Bible.— Heat edition, Im- 
perinl 8yo, Llbniry Sbeep, $AM. 

Campbellism Weighed In the Balance, and Found Want- 
ing, — A written sermon in reply to Elder V . By 

J, H, Meore, 2 copici, 10 cents ; -10 oopiea $1.00, 

Family Eulea and Ragulatlons, — ByJ- w.Sieio. Benu 
lifully ou good cird board, U is intended for framing. 


20 c 

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paid, .90: p^rdo»en.5f,o0; per do««n, by oipteM, 
$'J 00: Arabwqiie, eiof^ln copy, po?t paid, i .tiS; per 
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S t>5: per doitn fil 30; Tuck, tingle copy, !1.10; per 
doien. 511.00: per doien. I.y «prew. tllAO, 

of Auaieol And 

Brethren's £nvelopas,— Prepared opeoially forihoui 
of "Lir people. They conlain neatly printed on lb 
back, (icompleieBunimBry of our position iw a religion 
body, 12 ccti(» per packiigo— 2(i in a package or A 

Plain Fa;tB. 

eight-page Tmcl. 60 cts. 


OertlSeatos of Slemtoriihlp inSooi-Fonn.— They areneatly 
primed, (iiid pui up in nuok-lurm. One of iheM hooks 
should be la each congregation, as tboy are so armng- 
ed as to enable tho clerk to keep & record of all letter* 
of momberehip given. Book No. 1, coniatiiiug 100 cer- 
Uflcates, 76 cents: No. 2 GO certifiontes, 60 cenle, 

Camphell and Owon Cobato.— Containing an extroinatku 
of ihoSocitil Synlem. and nil tho systcmaofSkepliolsm, 
ancient and modern. Complete in one votumo This 
will rthviiys remain a leadiog work on the evidouces of 
Chrisliaoily. (1.76 

ChrUtlan Bapttsm.- 

(lucnces, l{y A. (J impbell. 

Joaophus Completo Works,- Bound in Leather, $.'i.60. 
One Bapti9I^' — A dinloguo showing that trine immersion 
is Ihoonly ground of union, in baptism that can hn con- 
soientioualy occupied by the leading dcuominnlions of 
Christendom. ByJ.lI, Mooro. 10 eenla ; 12 copies. 111.00, 
The Pillar of FlrO ; or Israel in Bondage.- Being an no- 
count of the Wonderful Sceiiea in the Life of tho Son 
of Phnroaob's daughter (Moaea). Together with Pio- 
tureiijuo Sketches of Iho Hebrews under their Tank- 
masters, By llov. J. H. Ingrahom, LLU, 12mo. S'^.OO. 
True Evangelical Obedlenoo, ><» unture and ncceHsiiy, as 
taught and prsoticed auioog the Brethren or Uerinnn 
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son* for achnngain ohurcb rebilionB, Price, 16 oontai 
10 oopioB ?1,0I(. 
PonglUy'i Quido to ObrUtlan Baptism, — mos 60 

a the 



Da&isli Mission Report. 

Montgomery Church, Pa, $1.45 

T, Wilkius, 0, 50 

J. A. Kepner, Ohio 10 

Levi Stump. Ind, 1.00 

C. H. Rushes, lud, 1.00 

C. R. Supplee, Pa, 50 

Elizabeth Ginery, Defiance, Oliio, 50 

Sarali R. Welis, Pa, 1,00 

Green Spring Cliurcli 3.00 

Bl J ■!; Kiver Church, Ohio, 2.00 

Piea-^ant View Church, Teoo, 1 00 

El b Lick. Pa, 2 00 

A. & I, Oidler, Ohio, 1.00 

C. P. ROWLAKD. Treasurer. 
Latiark, III., Jan. 24lh, 18S0. 
P. C. Please Copy. 

Southe.D Kansas Mission Report. 

Cottonwood Church, - S: 

Neosha " 6.10 

Paint Creek,. ." 5.00 

Total amount in the treasury, §3i.46 

E. HutPEiii). 
Garndt, Kan. 

BORNTRAGER.— In LnGrnnge cnunfy, lud., 
January 9tli, 1S80, Surah, daughter of Joseph 
and Lydia BorutraKev, aged 10 years, 2 
months and 25 days. Funeral services bv 
brother Peter Long and Christian Wari,froin 
St. John. 6:47, 

BORNTRAGER.— Jan. 11, Nancy A., aged 
8 years, 5 months and 15 days. Heb, 9: 27. 

BORNTRAGER.— Jan. 15th. Isaac C, aged 
4 years und months, and David died Jan. 
14th, .iged 10 mouths and 11 days. Malt 2: 

BORNTRAGER.— Jan. aSth, Lydio, wiU of 
Joseph Borntrager, aged -^3 years, 4 months 
audlSdaya. Rev. 14:13. 

The above t»re all of the same family and all 
died of ilii'htl erii. Funeral servica of all by 
P. Long and C. Wan. 

BURDITT.— In St. Joseph Ci.. Michigan, Jan. 
25th, 1880. Lydia A., wife of David Burditt, 
aged 35 yeura, 11 inonths. and 20 days. Fu- 
neral eervices by brother Isaiah Horner and 
the writur ironi Rev, 6: IS. 

N. H. Shutt. 

CHRISTIAN.— Brother SamuJ D. Christian 
was born July 25lh. 1795, in Huntingdon 
Co.. I'd, moved to Montgomery Co., Ohio 
in May 1820, where he resided uiitll the Fall 
of 1866, wh'^n he mov^d to Huntington Co., 
Ind., where he fell a.sleep Got. 30Mi, 1879, at 
the age ot 84 years, 3 montha. B. F. Paul. 

BAKER.— In the Snake Spring Church, Bed- 
ford Co., Pa., Nov. 18th, 1879, sister Mary, 

- wife of brother Peter Bak^r, ag. d 60 years, 
11 mouths and 20 days. Funeral services by 
Eld. John W. Brumbaugh and Jacob Steel, 
from Matt. 24; 44, Michl-kl Kelleii. 

SHULER— In the Limestone Cong-regab'on, 
Jewel Co.. Kansas, sister Susan R., wife of 
brother Jacob Shuler. aged 41 years, and 4 
mouths. Funeral services by brethren Root 
aud Montgomery from Matt. 24; 44. 

Georqe Detrick. 

Gospel Fact;. — .-\ four-pago Trad. 40 ggdIs a JiundicO. 
Slstory of Palestine, or The Hoi; Laud. Dy M, Ituasell. 

LL.D. 76cco(fl. 
laSdoUty; Its Cause and Oure.—Traci. Forty ceois per 

The Gospel Hammer, nad Illghwriy OraJcr, or Rubbish 

Clenoed froiii tho Wny of Lifo. By 8. H. B^ishor, bonnd 

in Cloth. 60ceDi3; 7 copies 5.'!,00 
Hon ■Conformity to the World, na Inughl nnil procliccd by 
the llrcthr.ii by J. W. SIcin, This pumiililct 

shculii Ix' rend by every luembor in the church, 10 

cenlg; 12 copies, JI.OO. 

True Vital Pioty,— By M.M, EBLclnmu. This work 
Ircjit? liiTgely, of IhcUutics of Chriuliuus, bu<I tlioir aap- 
nrmii>ii froQi Iho world. Cloth. Prioa .60, 

The Prince of tho Housib of David, or Three Yours in the 
Holy City, beiug a series of Icticre, giving a life-like 
picture, nnd reliiicd a^ by ttn eyc-niiiioag, nil the 
scenes niid vfondernil looidents in the lifo of .lesuB 
b. from His bapIiS[D Id Jordnu to Ilia cru- 
, CilTsry ; by J. H. iMoUAnAii. $2,0P 

ThrOOgb Bible LandB.-Notes of travel in Egypt, the 
Dciiart aud I'ulodliue. By Philip SohiktF. Finely illm- 
tratcd. f2.2l>. 

The DoBtrine of tho Brethren Defended.- Thia is a work 
■JUOpiijes. liitcly published in deftnso of Ibo 
nJ prnclicc of Iho Brethren on tbe rollowing 
: The Divinity of Christ and tho Uoly Spirit 
AHiisidu, Trine Immuraion, Feet-wash, 
iug. the Holy Ki's, uoD-conrormity oc PlalnncES of 
Urc^s, and Aiiti-SecretiBui. The work la complete, nnd 
19 so nn-iinBcd ihfil the nrgumont.i on each subject moy 
be roHlly Tumid nnil uijUeratood: U should hnvc a ivido 
circiilniioii. iiolh umons oulsidors nnJ the world. The 
ivork ii pi'iutcd in Urge, pluin type. i3 noiitly bound in 
oloih. nud BDlU nt the low prico of SI. SO por copy by 
mail. When ordered by tho doieo, a reduction of 10 
percent, nnd the espresa ohnrgos will be made. The 
work mny be hod nt this olEce 

Tho Last Snptor. — A bonniiful, coloinsd picture, shoiring 
J<:sus nod tiia disciples at the table, with Ibc supper 
B]ire:id bcfiire 'bcm ; He bos just announced thnl one 
or llivni Dhould betrny him. Ench of the twelve pre- 
sent iH poinlcd out by name in Iho margin of the pio- 
ture. Price, one copy, 16 cents ; 2 copies, 25ccDle, 10 
copies?! .00. 

The Origin of Single Immeralon. — Showing that single im- 
morslon wns invenlcd by Kunoiniua, and, lU a practice, 
cnnnoi bo Imceil beyond the middle of the fourth cent' 
ury. Uj Elder James Quinter. IS pagpa. 2 copies, 10 
oeniH-, 40 copica $1.00. 

Ballroad Sonnon,^ Ju»' ihe thing for travellers from 
enrth to hciiTen. By J. S. Mohler. 12 pnges. 3 cop- 
ies, 10 cents; 12 copies, 30 cenis; 100 copies, $2.00 

The Prinoe cf the House of Tavld, or, Three Ye.irs in the 
Holy City, heiog 11 Merits of Ictlera, giviiig ii life-like 
picture, and rcUlcd as by an eye-witness, alt tho 
scenes and woadnrful incidents in the lite of Jesus 
of Nn/iirctb, from Mis bipllsm in Jordan to His cru- 
biionon Ciilvary ; by J. Ingraham. Vlmo. $2.0o. 

Boason and Bevelatlon— By B. Minignn. This work 
Bbonld Qui only he read, but carefully studied by every 
minialcr in the brglherhood, KAO. 

Eeyao'dBbUrBDehats. — -\n orul debate between Benja- 
min Franklin, of tho Disciples, nnd John A , Thompsoc 
of the Baptists. The reader will likely get mareiufar- 
mation from this work on iho design of baptism, work' 
ing of the Holy Spirit, etc-, than any other book of the 
aomo siie in our Iniigunge. $£,25. 

Ensetlns' Eteleslastical History, -This author Hred ii 
ihcfuurlh crutuiy, bsd a thorough knowledge of ihi 
Hint.'ry of the church, and his wcitin^^ are llierefuri 
3, considerable value to thi> ttudent of Ancient History 
tvo, Cloth, 2.5U 

Trine ImEerdon Traced to tho Apostles, — Being a oollec- 
tioa of historical uii^iiaiions from modern aad anci«o1 
authors, proving that a threefold Immersion nos the 
only method of bnpiiitng ever practiced by the apoatlei 
and their immediate succesjors. By J. H. Sluure. 
16 cents: 10 copies, Jl.OO. 

HiEtorical Chart of Baptism. — By J. U. Moore. 2-i ecnls 


Pdnittlvo m 

TfanI Fw|.\VMhlng 


inmoritod, oiuollttlwl gneo of 
orilortoiu worki of Cbrltt ore th» 
D aro eouillUtftu uf panlim, ud 
lioouiiililatalhrvi Ubim fKO-rot- 

cr Iji « full I 
inken ID Hi 

nd, In coDnMlloD wllli (b« 
IdK, urat IhoeluMof llmilaT: 
jr KiM Of ClMritj, Il LlndlDg 

it ths SAlulalloD or Ihn not; Kin, 
thu fullancnorChtill: 
al ^\'nr nnd nolHllnUon an conlnii? to Iht' aiilrlt am] aolf-dcnylng 
priDclplMurOio riill^<>fiof JnniCbrlil: 
Tliut n Kan-Cunrunnif^ lo Ibu wortd lu <J[«u,' curl»nii, dilly ntlk. 
irl conr.tmtlon l< .-Momlnl la loio liollni*! nnd CIirldlAn ploly. 
It mnliikilii4 thnl la puliUc wanhip, ur mllglnui riorctiM, ClirlitUnt 

It ii1~ ndvDcuiu (111- (cripluml dulj' af Anolntln){ Ibu tick wHh alt 

Lllio nomo of Oil) LvnI. 

lailioKllliaTlnillDitoTarill tbsl Cbilx *nJ tho ApoatlH ban 

' mihli-'ni Clitiilvniloni, Id polot OULgTuund thai nil uimtcDDO^Jd lo 

ilnralllUly rare. 

ricOiriOBloMpy, DBuypar | 1.40 

Ino copies (nJolU low urn I) 113.1)0 

Sainplo diplca tonl free, on oppKnitloit. Agiinlii ininteil In vivry locnU 
(Iv ScniiroraaoDiaL 


1. Tke [ai>er II ngululy ami pnaipllx hdi lo all who mliMrlba 

, Ifyi 

1 nblnli 

il from 

itubuilpUon lauDl, 

, nuil nlajilv coplca. Wd i< 

WllIlDK lo fj 

SlnKloe<lt»crl]>ltnii> (1X0 la lujvnnea. Tlioio nonillnit eight 
M and tVJUO. will roMlii! id mtra com f"'- *■"' »«'' •^■ 
iikI immi! Iliu iiRcnl will be nllowi-d tea por cunt., wlileb omauDt 
111 plTu» ivlalii and lend aa Ibc batsnu^. Vno'r unt I// Pott- 
i OnJ'ira, ItcHlitirrd Li'lip™, Bod Dnifl;i, pioijerlr adrlroned, 
bral utirri-k. Dan«l •tnit.h^cU. at Iho} cannot ho call«t«d 

i!ddres3," BEETIIREN AT WORK, 

Lnnark, Carroll Co., III. 

^iM»@a ^k Wijtk* 

llih«l by J n. 1 

,1. II. Moore, Lanark, CHi-roU Co., IIL 


ght EinrMi 


nnl, P- 



■lu naka elw 

Pnsaengers for C'liifngo should leave Lanark at 
12:13 P. M.;ruii t<. El)<; Wesitm L'liion Junction; 
hore they need n*:iil Imc live miiiiite.t for the Chi- 
Cii-'o, Jliiwaukfp iiiid .-^t. Paul jiiissenger train, and 
thus reach Chii-iii-'i. ^if 7: ir. ili-' siime evening. To 
reach Lanark friiiM i.'hiM'.;.!; I.-.' to Ft. Wayne de- 
pot, take the ('liir..t!o, Mihv.iiikpe and St. Pau) 
train at live in lilt- i-V''iiii«; run Nortlito theW. 
U. Junction, change cars lor Lanark, and arriv 
here at 1 Sil in the morning. 

The Brethren At Work. 

"Ueclare Ye Armug the Natiom, and FubLush, and set up a Standard; Publish, and Conceal iVo<."— Jebemiaii 50: 2. 

Vol. V. 

Lanark, III., February 17, 1880. 

No. 7 



B.T. Dw.'rtDJiD, DuiiVlik, Olila, D. D. Meulur.WiiirdcMboro, F> 

Ed'kIi Kl.y, L'nn.lll. Dsnlnl VntilDisn, VltOeD, III 

D. auilauD, NL>rl»nii>. Uo. J. tt. FloiT, LoDgmnDl, Cuk 

W.r.T'-'-r.ML >I»rTl<.[ll. Jobo UoUKcr, CfmQipio, tl 

B. H. Mnhlrr. ('o>D»lti>, tli J.«, IltDdrleU • 

Jclia \Vlu,)lall>e[[r (ioTo.III. D riniaT. Salris. Oirgui 
J. W. Sonlli-iHl. Llneolii*!!!-. InJ. 


FlHHT I'AOE— A Ijui 

In tlie Light; The 

Sewnd PAOE~TtieSin?lono;Klof Wlieiit; Tlif 

tiUjlii itnd Itiiy Dt'biilL-. 
TnntD I'AOK— Wliiitiflprogruflaive ClirlsliMnityy 

Religiuiis Intokninct'. 

FouRTu Paoe— Editoiiials— In tlio Crucible; 
Censoriomn 3*. 

FiPTii pAQic— Editorial-— I'll*' Design ofCliria 
tiiin Uiiptism; A Loiik ovov the Fenco; Thc 
Next Annual Meelins; Iteimit of tlie Bruth- 
ren'i* Tract :30ciily 

Sixth rAQK— Granrimiaher'B Sermon ; Thn Intlu- 
eiice of Moriit CliHractcr; Xo Secri^ts; Muke 
Fi'ienti ; Asiuhool-boy-' Trouble; Caat a Line 
for Youraol : The Model L:idy; Enstyr: 
swor to Samuel HeLiiLi. Yiinkton. Diikotah; A 
Ileci|)e for Composing Sermons. 

Shvekth Page— ralfalint'. J. "W. lIiGiirvc; 
Fi'oiu ElkLkkPa.; From Pine Creek, In Jiaa 
From Landon Weal; From Cornell, III. 

EmiiTii PA(ii:— From \lt. Morris College; From 
HuntlngdOTi, Prt.From Union Depmit. Pa.; No- 
tice; From I.iiue.stone Church, Kansna; A 
Child Burned to DentU; From ^terliIlg, 111. From 
New EnterpriGe, Pa. From Siilem, Oregon. 
White llo k, Knna)i.-j; From Turkey Creek 
Oluircli, Kansus. 




U r)UIlK and undefiled religion" 19 the light 
X of the world. This is the light wo love 
to talk <d' and recooimeud to everybody elsp.fnr 
the reason that wekuowof n truth that weenjoy 
its preciouH and hallowing influences. We hav.- 
come to the conclusion that without true religion 
the life we now live is uade.sirable. Without 
it life is a darkened pathw;iy leading but 
to "outer darkness." With religion, life 
is a daily feasting aud enjoyment. This is the 
light of the heavenly world sliiuing down here 
through the window of God's word. 

As long a^ the religion of Jesus is not believed, 
accepted and obeyed by us, we "sit in daikoeps" 
we wrtnder on in the ways of sin and death. 

Religion is light. We need to get into this 
light to enjoy the fullness of life. We have 
wandered away from God into the darkness ol 
sin and unbelief. But light comes to us by the 
Gospel, and we may get into it. First by be- 
lieving. The more we believe and seek in be- 
lieving, the clearer and more pleasant the light 
will become. Next, we must "cast oft' the works 
of darkness," and this done cheerfully, regret 
ting our unworthiness; this is repentance. 
how we then long to be brought into the full 
light and liberty of the children of God! We 
forsake all for Christ's sake. We see Ji'sos only 
for He is clothed with the shining light of the 
Upper Kingdom. We now strive to get into 
the Kingdom on earth. Weu^k admishioti, and 
are wiling to do all the blessed Master has com- 
manded His followers. Not that our work will 
save us, but we do it gladly for the Master's sake, 
and that we may gain admittance into Hm gra- 
cious presence. Here we find our greatest enjoy- 
ment in sitting at His feet and in lingering in 
His ble^eJ presence. This is 


We love Him for He is the King of the Kingdom 

oiUol. Our eye 1 are closed to earth and it^ ' 
ity. We gaze with rapture on the face of the 
Altogether Lovely One. We ete, by faith, the 
hfad that bore a crown of thorns for us; the 
cheeks that were smitten forour sakes; the love- 
ly face that was spit upon by his enemies; ihi 
liands that ministered to the wants of our fel- 
lows ivith tenderness, und then were pierced on 
Calvary for us. See the hands and feet and pierced 
side bleeding nud agonizing, for you and for me 
li>-holil the mau-^the God! Thisjis our Savior 
We love Him. We want to learu to love Him 
more and more daily. Muthiuks 1 love H im so 

'■Our liive to Thee, so coM, so fahit. 
Bub Tliine to us so grentl" 
May God givo us the victory over self and sin 
that we may" walk in the light a? U-? is m thi 
light," for only so shall we be cleaust;d from on 
■4IU*'. If we be not eleansefi.we shall not be fit 
forHeaven. What a Berious thought. Who does 
not svantto get to Heaven when life i^ spant? 
Itiav'-tyettah^iruf thi'; iiin^ri')'.e pirnuu. We 
-ill want to get there. The way is open aud 
and Jesus will iiotauffdrit to be closed Fur a mo- 
ment, but we must forsake oiir sins. Via must 
live oy faith aud live in Hiui and know noth- 
ing but Jesu5 aud Him crucifi'^d for us. So shall 
we walk in the light ol His presence by keopin: 
His commaudmeuls which ar^t by no means 
grievous but a delight for our ieuRr man. Oar 
outer mil 3«ki the enjo/iuintj of a worldly 
disposition, but if our inner man walks in the 
light of undeftlei religion, the outer m-iu 
be ill mute .■>ubj-ictioQ. Thitnks be to Goj who 
givts us the victory over self, the world aud the 
enemy ot our souM We w.ilk in the light. 

is another feature of our subject to which we will 
do Well to give attention. .Aller we get into 
the light, we hive not only to wJk in and out 
and about the King's vineyard, but there is 
work to do. We all know what titlts people 
get who do not work. Then again there are 
some people who make a great "fuss" about 
their work, runuing hither and thither in won- 
derful e.veitement, and what do they accom- 
plish? What are they calhd? What kind of 
work do they do? Let every reader think for 
himself or herself. "The wise shall understand." 
There are others again who work if they c.n 
have /A«j> way. The established rules of the 
vineyard and vine-dressers do not suit uneslab- 
lished people. "But ble-ssed is he that cometn 
ia tlie Name of the Lord," If I come to tlie 
work of the G ospel field in my own name, you 
ivill likely hear sidf preached aud Christ ra*-relv 
referred to. My "way" "seemeth right" to me, 
and forgetting my former life of unbelief, my 
worldly self-training, my old heart of stone, now 
I assert my plans or the favorable plans of some 
otherenthusiasts, andl come in direct contact 
with the eatabliihed rules of the vineyard. AVoe 
to such workers, Tiiey may run for a while 
but the end of it is painful to contemplate. 
God is not the author of confusion". If we 
would Ije approved together we must bring our 
every thought into the obedience of Christ and 
learn to work together, how strong is union ! 
How beautiful is peace among brethren! 
Let us work in the light. If we all do this we 
n see to do our work, and our work wilt he 
doue liarmoniously. Men who workin thedaik 
sure to upset things and make bad woik 
Come let us work in the light whatever our work 
may be. Are you u Uy-m-'uib^r? D) your work 
in the light and forthq upbuilding of the Cnunh 
Let the public chHracter of the Chuich be sliowi 
to all men by our example in oneness of faith and 
practice. Let us walk by the "same rule" and 
"luind ihe same thing." Tliis is workin Ihe light. 
Are you an oflicial in the Ciiurch? Tiik> your 
place all the lime. Do your duty liumhl v. will- 
ingly, sincerely. But, bretliren. WORK TO- 
GETHEli, Do the work in the light. Ifyou 
dont work together, and show to the Chuich 
iLud the World the good old doctrine of the Gos- 
pel as the Church in the pust brought it duwn to 

u", rest assuied some are workiug in the dark. 
Now if a man works in the dark and is told of 
it, aud directed to the light, he is not wise if he 
Ls not willing to learn. So it is in religion. We 
are all liable to err. But we liuve a Church doc- 
trine which is a unit in itself, and it will make 
all its followers united in One Body if they walk 
in that light— the same light. 

let us labor fur "one mind" among the breUi- 
reu, that we may walk in the li?ht aud work in 
the light, inaamuch as we started in the light, 
II any of us have wandered away into tiie shad 
ows of "new ideas" aud 'strange doctrines," may 
the Lord conquer us by His striving Spirit aud 
make us humble, united learners at IIis blessed 



WHY do you not publish your travels, so 
we know where you are, aud have been ; 
and whit you are, aud have been doing? 

My ears are often saluted with the aboveqaes- 
tion and its reasons. M/ rwplr is, I dj n )t tliink 
it is ol much inlere^tto a reading public to know 
wht-re I am, aud with whjm I anoiiit^. Tl-e 
Lord knows where I am, and what I anidoiug, 
aud I think that is enough. If my labors 
are worth publishing, thoie witn whom 1 asso- 
ciate will see it and will attend to that matter. 
If they say nothing about it with their own free 
will, I think it wisdom on my part, to hold my 
peace What would you think, ifafterlhad 
preached a sermon, I should turn to the congre- 
gation and eulogize myself by saying, "I made 
some good im;tressiou5 to day." Would you not 
feel like reproving me for unhecomtng behavior? 
Just so it looks 10 me and many others' when a 
brother advertises himself by saying, "at such 
a place I bad meeting aud so many were convert- 
ed, or, 1 had meeting aud though none were ad- 
ded to the church, many good impressions were 
made." It is, in my judgment, even more unbe- 
coming; theformeriscoufi.jed toa congregation, 
while the litter is spread over the church and 
the world, as far as the cir.;ulation of th^ paper 
goes. Such reading matter becomes "stale" to 
the thinking mind; for the old adage is "Self- 
prai-e is nor^ecommendatiou"; and the Apostol- 
ic injunction "not he who commendeth himself 
is approved; but whom the Lord commendeth 
{ 3 Cor. 10; 18 ) sounds like wisdom. Tiie S ivionr 
said when He did a good work "See thou tell no 
man." "How can ye believe if ye seek honor one 
of another," Furthermore I recommend that any 
one giving an account of meetings and their re- 
sults, to be careful and stop when you have giv- 
en the ueceisary, if it be necessary, and, ly 
many, desired information. To eulogiz;, public- 
ly, the brother, or brethren who did the preach- 
ing by setting forth their talents and abilities 
to convert the people, has an evil tendency. I 
have never seen any good results from it, bub 
much evil. Eulogy is a wo(d that Satan can, and 
often does, turn to his own advantage. It feeds 
tiie carnal mind.and instead of helping our broth- 
er to feed his carnality we should help him to 
crucify it by teaching him that the Apostle was 
tearful of being exalted above measure, by the 
abmidiint revelation which he received; hence 
' important it is for us to fear, and pray for 
>ustaining grace. Many have fallen because they 
got too high, "rie that humblelh himself shall 
be exalted." Let the columns of our jiapera be 
filled with good sound doctrine, "that may be 
,ib!e to convince the gaiasayer,(or there are maoy 
unruly and vain tnlk-rs and deceivers, whose 
mouthsmustbe stopped, who subvert whol^ hous- 
es, teaching things they ought not for filthy lu- 
cre's sake, ( Titus 1 : 10, 11 ) and less unprofitable 
news. A little le^sself aud a little more Jesus: 
a little less Missionary Convention and a good 
deal more preaching; leas Sunday-school Con 
vpntioii and more teaching the childr^^n: less 
plniiniiig, aud more dtiing; less watching each 
uthi;r, aud mori; watching our-selves; les.s^e!fisb- 
les", and more love. To watch each other for 
ood, after we have watched our-selve-', is script- 

ural; but to pull the mote nut of our brother's 
eye when there is a beam in our own, is auti- 
Bcripturai. We aim to follow thivt rule in writ- 
ing. The paiwra are losing their patronage, aud 
influence with some, biC4iuse of tome of the 
above cousiderationa; hence instead of creating 
a greater union nud OQeness nmongus, it has a 
tendency to ntieuate. I hope, however, the effect 
IB quite limited, but should be guaided. Thein- 
fliience of our piiparB is somewhat similar to oar 
personal infiuence; pretty hard to detenniae 
with any degree of acuracy. SutEcu it to say, 
they are both great, either lor good or evil aud 
should be guarded with great caution, espiciully 
the press; for its influence supercedts uU ntliera. 
may "that wi;tdom which is from above which 
i,i first pure, then peacable, gentle and easy to 
be eutreakd, full of mercy ami good fruitp, with- 
out partiality and without hypucrii-y" govern 
all our coutnbotors to the preaa and oBpecinlly 
our brethren editors. Amen. 




IT is natural for us to grumble at what we 
don't hke. 
Whether iu cliurch, slate, or family, when 
lliiiiK:id* n'tmovnto huit us, we feel like grumb- 
ling. And it is a bnhit that grows stronger the 
more it is indulged. 

tS -me people are alwuvH grumbling nbonfc 
State aS'iiirs. Everything with them gOtH wrong. 
Tlie taxes are uuresoimljli-; public affairs aro in 
general badly managed, and every public man 
ill the country is corrupt- 
Men who continually tfiumhie shout what is 
wrong, will soon get to growling about what it 
not wrong. 

A grumbler in thi> fjmily is the most disagree- 
able mortals. The other members of the family, 
are in coustantcontact with liim,arecoiitinnaUy 
made unhappy by his dailv Bnarling. Yon can't 
please him, and it is ntedless to try. Do what 
you may, it ia all wrong with him, Aud no 
matter what pnsitio'ii you take on any question 
he is on the other side. 

A grumbler in the church is a nuisance. He 
is a perpetual clog upon church work. He 
claims to be exceedingly anxious for work to- 
lie done. But he can't get anything done right. 
The preaching is poor. The prayer meeting isi 
dull Hnd formal. The Sahhath-school is all 
wrong. And the memhera of the church gen- 
erall are in disorder. Everything is going to 
the had, and going rapidly. Thus the grumbler 
makes himself universally disagreeable. 

Let us make ourselves as agreeable an possi- 
ble, and if things even go wrong, follow the 
advice of the Psalmist, 
"Fret not thyself becaase of evildoers," 

TiiK longer we neglect writing to an absent 
iend, the less mind we have to set about it. 
So, the more we neglect private prayers and 
closet communion with God, the more shy we 
grow in our approiiches to Him. Nothing 
breeds a greater strang-ness tietween the sonl 
and God than the restraining of prayer before 
Him. Aud nothing would renew the blessed 
intimacy, if God himself, the neglected part? 
did not, a-s it were, send us a letter of expostula- 
tion from heaven, and sweetly chide ub for cm 
negligence. Then we melt, then we kindle, and 
Ihe blissfuU intercourse opens as usual.— 7'<j/>/a- 

The reading room of the BritisbMosenm con- 
tains three miles of bookcas'-s eight feet high, 
the authorities have determined, by way \A ex- 
periment: to employ the electric light on dork 
ivs. The douie, whence the electric lighf ir- 
idiates the vast room, is next to that ot the 
Pdutjeon at Home, the largest extant. 

Toy may be the turtune of sorrow, bnt stir- 
ruw is the lot of all. 

XliE BIlETIiRE:iNr _A.T "WORKl, 

Febriiarv n 


ALL my daily ta-^ks were ended, 
And tli^ Imsh of nijiht had come, 
Brioffinfz reat to weary spirits. 
Calling many wand'rrers home. 

"He thatgoeth forth with weeping, 
Bearing golden grains of wlient, 

Shall return tiguin reji>iting, 
LadoD with the harvest sweet." 

This 1 read and deeply pondered — 
What <)f seed my hand had aown— 

What of burveit I waa reaping, 
To be laid before the throne. 

While my thoughts were swiftly glancing, 
O'er the path my feot hud trod: 

Sleep sealed up my weary oye lids, 
Aodu vision came from God. 

In the world's great field of labor 
AH (lie reapers' tasks were done; 

Each one hastened to the Master, 
With the sheaves that he had won. 

Some with sheaves so poor and scanty. 

Sadly told the numbor oVr. 
Others staggered 'neatli tlie burden, 

Of the golden grain they bore. 

Gladly then the pearly gateway, 

Opened wide and let them in, 
As they sought the Master's presence 

With their burdens rich and thin. 

Slowly, sadly with the reapsrs 

Who had labored long and late, 
Came I at the Msater's bidding 

And was latest at the gate. 

Then apart from all the others 

Weeping bitterly I stood; 
1 had toiled from early morning 

Working for others' good. 

When one friend had fallen fainting 
By his piles of golden grain; 
. With a glass of cooling water 
1 revived his strengtii again. 

And another, worn and weary, 

I hud aided for awhile. 
Till her fainting strength returning — 

She went onward with a smile. 

Thus the others I had aided 

While the golden moments fled; 

Till the day wsts spent, and evening 
O'er the earth her dew-drops shed. 

And I to the Master's presence 
Came with weary toil-worn feet, 

Bringing as my gathered harvest, 
But a single head of wheat. 

So with te.irfnl eyes I watched them. 

As with faces glad and bright, 
One by one they l.iid their biirdens 

Down before that Throne of Light. 

Oh! how sweetly tbeu the blessing 
■ Sounded to my listening ear; — 
"Nobly done, my faithful servants 
Rest, now, in your mansion here." 

Then I thought with keenest sorrow 
Words like these are not for me; 

Only those with heavy burdens 
Heavenly rest and blefstngs see. 

Tet I love the Master truly 

And I've Ubored hard since dawn, 

But [ have no heavy burden; 
Will he bid me to be gone? 

While I qnestioued thus in sadness, 
Christ the Master called for me. 

And I knelt before him saying, 
"I have only this for Thee," 

■'I have labored hard, oh, Master, 
I have toiled from murn till night, 

But I sought to aid my neighbors," 
And to make their labors light, 

'Let thy heart be never troubled, 

Faithfully fulfill thy task; 
Trfmble not before the Master, 
Hfavy eheaves he will not ask. 

Select«d by We.vlthy A. CLiRKK. 


Prop 2d, Baptist churches possess the Bi- 
ble characteristics which entitle them to be 
resiarded as churches of Jesus Christ. 
D. B Ray, Affirms. 
J. W. Stein. Denies. 
J. W. Steis's sixth negative. 
"l/TK. Hay, by devotiog ane-nmf-li ol 
^^ bis sixth affiimalive to me pei"a»n 
:i!ly, ftnd on^-foarth oi itto the Tunkers 
iiLd taiioe immeraion, shows (1> .i total 

disregard for his word, when he agreed 
to be Kov-erned during the debate by 
the rules laid down in Hedges Logic, 
(2) hia dissatisfaction with his negative 
work on Prop. 1 (to which I again re- 
fer the reader for a refutation of his at 
tacks), and (.'?) his consi'lous iu.-ibility 
to sustain his propusition on ibe ground 
of its own mtrits. 

I ask him again: 1. Can "Baptist 
churches" justify and tellowship their 
members in waging war without con- 
senting to and virtually licensing it? 
Suppose it was a case of unpopular and 
disgraceful vice, like theft, adultery, 
<fec.; would not all consider the church 
es in that case responsible? Read 2 
Cor. 0: U; Eph. 5: 11; 2 Thes.s. 3: 0. 
2. Can Baptists engage in war on any 
account ivithout doing those lusts of the 
flesh, viz: "hatred, variance, wrath, 
strife?" Gal. 5: 2. I put this reasona- 
ble, fairandsimple question to Mr. Ray, 
the sixth time. Will he answer? 

He accuses me of slandering the Bap- 
tists because I tell the ti'uth, that thej' 
go to war, and that war is "rapacious, 
cruel," tfec. Truth which everybody 
knows is already proven. 

I do maintain that none whose allegi- 
ance has been plighted to Christ in the 
solemn sacrament of Christian baptism, 
can swear allegiance to any^ institution 
hich in any of its essential features is 
contrar}' to Christianity without expos- 
themselves to perjury. I affirm, 
without fear of successful contradiction, 
that Baptist churches do allow their 
membei-3, without rebuke, to swear al- 
^giance to anti-christian institutions 
nder the most horrid, secret death pen- 
alties. I repeat it, that Baptists, by 
taking oaths of allegiance to any other 
institution, do put themselves under ob- 
ligations to obey it, whether it com- 
mands them to disobey Christ or not. 
But Mr. Ray thinks this is accusing the 
Baptist churches of perjury. 1 plead 
not guilty, because I don't believe in 
the iii'st place that they have ever sub- 
mitted to the saorament of Christian 
baptism. I call for the language oi- 
quotation in which I have ^'perverted 
Baptist hi. ■<tor if or ^'continued to ?nis- 
represent Baptist autJtors." Mr. Ray 
is a professional "Baptist historian" and 
it is his duty in the debate to expose any 
such efforts, and I now call upon him, 
before the readers of this debate, to 
prove his grave charge or retract it. 
Will he do it? He says, "one dipping" 
is a "false rendering" of "en Oaptis/na." 
Eph, 4:5. We call for the proof. The 
Emphatic Diaglott gives it "one dip 
ping." Luther gives it "eirie iaufe'''— 
one dipping. With this the Gothic of 
the 4th century, the Danish of 1024, 
the Swedish of 1034 and the Dutch of 
15G0 are said to agree. But Mr. Ray 
can't find one translation giving it 'V>nc- 
(^y>," which is the practice of his church. 
The ^'' one immersion-'' doesn't help him. 
Immersion is Latin, and the Latin Fath- 
ers translated the Greek frequentative, 
baptize" by "mergito," a Latin fre- 
quentative. See Andrews' Latin-Eng 
lish Lexicon. Andrews and Stoddard, 
speaking of Latin Verbs, say: "JTrc- 
quentfitives express a repetitin, or in 
crease of the action eapres-ed liy the 
primit've" and "are formed by adding 
to the third root, as domo (domit) Jo- 
mito" and by "adding iio to the 
first root of the primitive, as ^igo, (ag) 
agito" it'. Lat. Gram, g 187. ii. 1. a. b. 
To this class belongs "mergito." "^Ijap- 
tiling" once expressed in Matt. 28: 19 
like "delivering." Luke 21: 12 repeats 
its action just as many times as it has 
adjunct modifiers. Mr. Kay's criticism 

pn the freguejitative is a failure, and he 
has gron-n significantly silent about the 
"weight of lexicography," It is not 
that any of our brethren repeat "bap- 
tize" before "of the Son" and "of the 
Holy Spirit" in baptizing, but dip the 
candidate into the water at the repeti 
iii>n of each adjunctive modilier of the 
Vurliglven in the commission. Thus 
we satisfy the frequentative nature of 
baptize, without Mr. Ray's redundancy, 
use the exact language of the Savior 
and do eiractli/ what we sag. We ex- 
posed Mr. Ray's unscholarly quibbles in 
our last, to which he could not reply. 
If Mr, Ray would say, "I write my 
name in the book of Matthew, and of 
Mark, and of Luke," aud then write it 
in Lukeonlij, would he not state two 
vntrjitha.^ To make his word good, 
would he not be compelled to write it 
in the book of each of the three evan 
gelistsf Accordingly, when he says, "I 
baptize you in the name of the Father, 
and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit," 
using exactly the same construction and 
the same parts of speech, joined togeth- 
er in the same relation as the foregoing, 
he should make his word good by doing 
what he says. 

If there is any "mockery," about the 
Savior's burial, 1 think it is in that the 
Baptists pretend to baptize like he was 
buried. See if Mr. Hay will venture to 
deny what 1 said about the Eastern 
sepulchers and manner of burial. But 
he fails to show that a burial or s hirth 
is like one dij'. If Bible figures did "go 
on all fours" they would uot be like his 
practice. Neither can he show that "one 
faiili" is07i(? tf(-'^/o?i, any more than he 
can prove that the baptism of John, or 
of the Israelites, or Noah's salvation in 
the ark, consisted of one dip, let alone 
a backward one. He thinks the Car- 
thagenians baptized the Roman vessels 
by 07ie dip), ^vhich every reflecting mind 
knows is incorrect. A vessel sinks by 
dips, i. e., by alternate and repeated ef- 
forts, so that its "one suhmersion" is 
accomplished by repeated dips. 

I have already adduced one example 
in sacred and classic Greek (the case of 
Naaman in the Septua2;int), where bap- 
tizo means more than one dip, proving 
Mr. R.'s first two facts (so called) to be 
incorrect. I give another from classic 
Greek, showing the relative use oi' bapto 
and haptizo several hundred years be- 
fore Christ. It is translated from Hip- 
pocrates' works by Dr. Conant. "Then 
dipping {J'cqisas) the pessing into the 
oil of roses of Egyptian oil, apply it 
during the day; and when it begins to 
sting remove it and again immerse {haj}- 
tizein) into breast-milk, and Egyptian 
ointment." Baptizein p. 34. Notice, 
when it was to be dipped only into the 
"oil of roses," bapto, (a verb never used 
for baptism) was employed, but when 
it was to be immersed "into breast-milk 
and Egyptian ointment, haptizo is used 
(averb universally employed in the New 

ulus, A. I). L>oG, informs us that trine 
immersion had always been with the 
church and makes it just as old as the 
command to preach the gospel. See 
Work of Cyprian, p. 24(», (quoted in 
my 7th atV.) This condems his so call- 
ed "5ih fact." I proved in my Sth att". 
by incontrovertible testimony that the 
Novatiaus who existed in the third cen- 
tury, (whom Mr. R. has been compelled 
to admit were free from papal corrup- 
tions andaupei-stitions) were called trine 
immersionists. This destroys his so- 
called "(ith fact." 1 gave the exact 
language of several Greek fathers Monu- 
ulus, Chrysostoni and others, (see my 
olh aff) showing that they understood 
Christ in his original of Matt. 28: 19, 
plainly to command trine immersion. 
This proved his so. called "7th fact" to 
be false. I proved that Novations, Don- 
atists, ancient Waldenses, etc., were 
trine immersionists, (see my 7tli and 8th 
aff.'s) which proves his so called "Sth 
fact" untrue. So much for his eight 
unsupported assertions. That I "promis- 
ed to change his (my) faith and practice 
upon the testimony of one early Greek," 
is false. In the absence of proof to re- 
fute the plain testimony of primitive 
Greek historians who give us an ac- 
count cf the heretical and post apostol- 
ic origin of the single immersion, and 
who have slept for thirteen or fourteen 
centuries in their graves. Mr. R. does 
not scruple to assault their characters, 
and by a bare assertion impeach their 
personal veracity and brand them with 
falsehood. I adduced three positive 
witnesses showing that Eunomius was 
the author of single immersion, and he 
fails to adduce o;ii3 to the contrary. 

^iyfowrth reason why Baptist church- 
es are destitute of christian baptism is 
founded upon the consideration that the 
first association of single immersion, 
with the language of Christ's commis- 
ion. Matt. 28: 19, was by the authority 
of Gregory, the Pope, and the 4th Cath- 
olic council of Toledo in Spain, A. D, 

Orchard says: "In cases of danger, 
Gregory, the Pope, alio ved one immer- 
sion to be valid baptism. (Hist, of hor- 
eigu Baptists, pp. 321, 322;, and decid- 
ed that trine immersion was not essential 
to salvation." Idem. p. lijCi (note). 

Chrystal says: "Gregory is the first 
orthodox writer who deemed that trine 
immersion might be changed to single 
for convenience." Hist, of the mode of 
baptism, p. 81. 

Hinton says: "The practice of trine 
immersion prevailed in the West as well 
as the East till the fourth council of To- 
ledo, which, acting under the advice of 
Gregory the Great, in order to settle 
some disputes which had arisen, decreed 
that henceforth only one immersion 
gradually became general thi-oughout 
the Western or Latin church." History 
of baptism, p. 158, 

Dr. Wall says: "So the Spaniards 

Testament Greek for baptism). I a'^k, kept to the use of one immersion for 

uld the pessary have been dipped 
ly "into breast milk and Egyptian oint 
raent both by one dip 'i We showed in 
our affirmative proposition that trint 
immersion was commanded in the com- 
mission. Matt. 28: 19; which condemns 
Mr. R.'s so-called "3d fact." The apos^ 
tolic fathers make as much mention of 
trine immersion as the single dip. As 
single immension was not then invented, 
they had no use for such contradict- 
ive terms. But Mr. R knowi that the 
apostolic fathers do positively condemn 
his church on the design of baptitm. 
See apostolic fathers pp. ■21,420. So 
much for his so called "4th fact." Monn 

some time, for forty years after," (its 
introduction in Spain) "it is confirmed 
in one of their councils. KutWalafri-' 
dus Strabo gays that after a while the 
old mag" (trine immersion) "prevailed." 
Ilist. of Infant baptism, p. 424. 

Bingham says: "The Arians in Spain, 
tot being of the sect of Eunomians, 
continued for many years to baptize 
with three immersions; but then they 
abu.sed this ceremony to a very perverse 
■^•nd, to patronize their error about the 
Son and the Holy Spirit's being of a 
diflerent nature or (ssenee from the 
Father; for they made the three immer^ 
sions to denote a difierence, or degrees 


■ I I '7 


'rh±hl t>KK-ridL-KKW ^T "VVOKKl. 


of Divioity, in the three ilivitte persons, 
To oppose wbo3e wicked dootriae, and 
that they might not seem to symbolize 
with them in any practice that might 
give encouragement to it, some Catliol 
ic3 leave off the trine iinraer 
siou as savoring of Arianiara, and took 
up the single immeraion in opposition 
to them. * * * Some learned per- 
sons find fault with this council for 
changing this ancient custom upon su 
alight a reason as that of the Arians 
using it, which, if it were any reason 
would hold aa well against single im- 
mersion, because the Etinomians, a bas- 
er sect of the Arians, were the first in- 
ventoi-3 of that practice. And, there- 
fore, the exception made by this Spanish 
council in tlie seventh century cannot 
prejudice the more ancient and general 
practice of the church." Bingham's 
Antiq. of the Christian church, vol. 1, 
b. xi, c, si, 5, S. 

Here it will be observed that single 
immersion, as fii-st associated with Matt. 
28: 19, was made valid by a decree of 
Pope Gregory {a persecutor oi the old 
peaceable trine immersion Montenee.s or 
Donatists. Rob. Eccl. R^s.. p.ll2)and 
a decision of bis Spanish council. How 
tlven can it be christian baptism? And 
how can churches founded upon it be 
churches of Christ J 



OF all the evils that have ever infested 
the ciirlatian church I doubt if any 
can produce a darker record than that 
of "Ileligious(?) Intolerance". There 
have been many instances where men 
and women have bartered theiv souls 
for pecuniary emolument, self aggrand- 
izement, or the gratification of other in- 
ordinate desires, but all these usually 
aflect the perpetrators only, or probably 
a few others whose tendencies are per- 
haps in a similar direction, leaving the 
true and deyoted Christians uflcontamin- 
ated, and unmolested. 

But religious intolerance has in all 
ages of the Christian church waged a 
disirraceful warfare against the noblfst 
men and women that ever graced the 
earth. It has drank the crimson current 
of thousands of devoted hearts, and 
spread ruin and devastation in its track. 
This hideous monster in the church has 
terrified and persecuted the true heart- 
ed Christian more than all the combined 
force of non- professors. 

It is not a creature of recent birth 
having already had an existence in the 
days of the apostles. 

In the ninth chapter of Mark we 
have a circumstance recorded where 
one of the disciples came to Jesus and 
said. "Master, we saw one casting out 
devils in thy name, and he followed not 
us. But Jesus, not willing to encour- 
age this spirit of intolerance, said, "for- 
bid him not;" for there is no man which 
shall do a miracle in my name, that can 
lightly speak evil of me; "For he that 
is not against us is on our part." 

Again, in the third epistle of John, 
we find him complaining about one Di- 
otrephesinthe church, who, he8ays,"lov- 
eth to bave the pre-eminence among 
them, and receiveth not us. AVberefore, 
if I come, I will remember his evil deeds 
which he doetli, prating against us with 
malicious words, and not content there- 
with, neither doth he himself receive the 
brethren, and forbiddetb them that 
would, and casteth ilum out of the 
church^'' From this time on the spirit 
of intolerance rapidly increased, until 

in the dark ages of Papal siipreuiac) 
when it achieved prodigious proportiniii 
both in extent and malignity, and tht 
victims were numbered by the thousands 
that fell in the track of this relentless 
After awhile its power was curtailed 
so that people were not allowed to kill 
each other simply liecause they could 
not see all things alike, and though its 
spirit may have sulisided somewhat it 
was by no means rendered extinct, for 
in the l7th century we find it again ply 
ing its nefarious vocation to the extent 
that a band of Puritans fled to the wilds 
of America, hazarding their lives and 
suffering indescribable privations in 
order that they might enjoy religious 
liberty. But oh! it seems almost incred- 
ible that in fifteen years they became 
so intolerant, that they banished that 
noble-heated Christian, Roger Williams, 
from their colony and made him seek 
the hospitality of North American sav 
ages, simply because be differed tVoa 
them in mattersof religion. About this 
time some persecuted Catholics who had 
also had some experience with intoler- 
ance, settled in Maryland, and not being 
very intolerant just then they enacted a 
law granting religious liberty to all who 
would settle in their colony; but it must 
be said to the everlasting shame of tlie 
Protestants who settled there, assoon as 
tbey obtained a majority they disfran- 
hised the Catholics and cruelly opress- 
ed them. 

In 1G56 a law was passed banishing 
all Quakers from Massachusetts Bay 
Colony, and imposing the penalty of 
death on those who returned; four per- 
s were murdered in cold blood un- 
der this act by people who claimed to 
be the followers of the meek and lowly 
Jesus. Does any one ask yet what is 
meant by intolerance iu religion? It is 
that spirit of the devil that creeps into 
the hearts of otherwise well meaning 
men and women, and makes them think 
that every person who does not believe 
they do, is a blackened sinner, 
and that it is their dutj' to abuse, perse- 
cute, torture, and torment him, until he 
is willing to yield his npinions and sub- 
scribe to theirs. It does not recognize 
the fact that a man cannot change his be- 
lief by an act of his will ; it does not re- 
gard the injunction of the Savior to his 
disciples to go into all the world and 
TEAfji the nations; but goes on in its 
blind career, trying to cojnjycl men and 
women to change their belief, something 
that is as impossible for them to do 
without evidence, as it would be to stop 
the alternation of day and night. 

I would to God that professors of re- 
ligion would notice these facts, and when 
any one, especially those whom you call 
brethren and sisters, does not believe 
and act as you think he should, go to 
him mth the Bible in your hand, and 
the spirit of Christ in your heart, and 
try to convince him of the error of his 
way; and if you fail to convince on the 
first attempt, don't start out to see how 
many you can turn against him and col- 
league together with them to effect his 
expulsion from the church, but go home 
and pray for him, get others who are 
concerned for the welfare of souls t<i 
pray for and help to enlighten him; and 
perhaps the God of heaven will hea. 
your entreaties and bless your efforts 
by letting the rays of Gospel light shine 
into, and there dispel the dai'kness from 
his benighted heart. 

May God speed the day when such 
shall be the J/ dus operandi of all who 
profess to be Christians. 

Lanarh. ill. 



fTlHE question at the head of this ar 
-*- tide has often been forcibly im- 
pressed upon my mind, aud when i eay 
upon mine, I may also safely include 
ninnyolher>; for we have talked some- 
times upon the state of the church mil- 
itant. 1 li.i\-c compared its present 
state with its early origin, when 
the great Head was among his people, 
and directed them, — then further along 
after the day of Pentecost, when the 
apostles labored in both word and doc- 
trine; also along through the different 
ages when councils \vere called to de 
cule ([uestions that seemingly convulsed 
the whole body, — and still on and on 
until we find the persecuted ones, fleeing 
fiom their homes, aud landing upon 
American free soil — Religiously free- 
persecuted for the Master's sake. Sti 
the spark of the Christian zeal seemed 
not to diminish, rather increase, and 
those who once were together, becom 
ing scattered, there was again a necessi 
ty of coming together, laboring to sus 
tain those principles that characterized 
the true believing ones. They labored 
then much against those things that 
caused divisions, schisms, heresies, yet 
with a strong desire for the good, the 
welfare, the unity of the chosen ones, 
they rallied forth, fearing not to declare 
boldly the Word of God in its puiity 
aud simplicity, with power and earnest- 
ness. A few, from time to time, feeling 
the necessity of a change in their relig 
ious ]>ractices, have decided to follow 
their Master "through evil as well good 
report," none but him above, who at 
last shall judge all nations by his Word, 
have gone forth boldly declaring their 
understanding of the truth. Since then 
the progress of the church has been rap- 
id; thousands now swell the number, 
where a few years since, hundreds could 
only have been found; and with the rap- 
id increase, there has also come, a mul- 
tiplicity of troubles to somewhat vex the 
burch; notwithstanding it helped her 
to be ever on the alert, watching for the 
enemy of their precious blood-bought 

The various movements have, not- 
withstanding the precaution taken, re- 
sulted in the division of some until new 
sects have been formed; and new codes of 
laws; and some have departed from the 
faith, giving "heed to seducing doc- 
trines,'' yea, doctrines of devils. And 
even now among us at the present day 
e see unmistakable evidences of a move 
hich eventually may result in a divis- 
ion of the body, (although we would 
ladly herald the time, when such 
things may not be known arapng us;) 
and the truth is becoming apparent that 
a progression in the divine life, and the 
principles of progressive Christianity as 
advocated by many of its strongest cO' 
adjutors, is just losing its vitality, and is 
becoming less and less, in public senti- 
ment, as the ground work of true holi- 
ness and advancement in vital piety. 

Thequery, naturally arises, Whattben 
is progressive Christianity? Does it 
consist in denouncing in strong and bit- 
ter terms, those of our ancient fathers 
who have labored against error and su- 
perstition, and brought the truth as it is 
in Jesus, to our minds, so that we can 
comprehend the true fulness of di vin*- 
writ; Shall wt uphold the advocacy ci 
those views that tend to warp the young 
mind, and lead it astray into the path.-? 
of error? For natuia'ly, unless curbed, 
we will partakeof sinful lusts; being yet 

canml; then if we^ulK^uenot, ami bring 
into subjection our innate thoughts and 
cai-nal desires, oh how soon we will 
find that thespirit of disobedience which 
once reiiined within, will again assert 
supreme swiiy; aud the true spirit of 
progression in Christianity becomes sad- 
ly wanting. Surely it may be mistaken 
for piogression ; butalns! we see evident 
fruits of retrogression from true spirit- 
ual [uogrti^siou. 

Reader, pause one moment, before 
hastily passing judgment upon these few 
lines, lest thou miss the true intent and 
spirit. To discriminate then between 
spiritual retrogression, and advancement 
is our desire and aim. May God lend 
us to enter the study of the same, with 
a desire for true spintiial advanceraont — 
aud a greater degree of holy zeal in the 
cause of Christ. Does a zeal tor a de- 
parture — and an encouragement thereof 
constitute nn element of progression? 
Does the advocacy of these things com- 
bined enhance purity of purpose, and 
advancement in the church of the living 

Dear Bit^thren, what shall we do? 
Where shall we go to find the humble, 
confiding, trusting fbllowera; Where? 
We pause for an echo, and tlio reverber- 
ated sound is Where? 

Never find fault with persons around 
about you, but always with your own 
self, and follow on, and on; for though 
you cannot gain the end in view yoil 
will gain a hundred things that you do 
not think about. And, above all, when 
you shall come into '/Aon, aud shall utand 
before the Lord, and he shall unveil 
your life, and show you what iu the 
great silence of God's kingdom has re- 
ally been the outcojie of your example, 
your fervor and your disinterested love, 
then you will see, as did he whose eyeH 
the prophet touched— the heavens full 
of chariots. More are they that are for 
you than they that are against you. The 
spirits of the just overhang you aa you 
work. They are in sympathy with those 
who are striving to do good. Blessed 
saints in the kingdom of God kaow 
what is going on in this world, and tUey 
sympathize with you. And if you are 
faithful, when your life comes to be seen 
fi'om the other side, as God sees it, and 
as it is seen by all those that are there, 
you will find that you did not suffer aud 
labor in vain. Be patient unto the end, 
and all will be well. — Beechcr. 

A very learned man once askeu Luth- 
er bow he would be able in the day of 
judgment to bear the responsibility of 
having rejected the opinions of so many 
learned men. With a smile he replied: 
"In this manner I will do it: Dear Lord 
Christ, I will say, I well knew that they 
were all learned men, but I acted so 
foolishly and bad such confidence in 
thee, that thou, O Christ, were more 
learned and wise than tbey and the 
whole World. If thou then didst de- 
ceive me, I am then indeed deceived. 

Professor Edward L. Morse, who 
holds a professorship in the university 
!tt Yeddo, has delivered a lecture on the 
manners and customs of that people, in 
which he alludes to their careful fn^at- 
nient of children, the invariable cleanli- 
ness of their houses, renulting in the eo- 
lire absence uf diseases, such as scarlet 
I'ever, diptheria, and other atfectiona so 
..I'mmon in this country. The people 
,ire of gentle manners and particularly 
kind and careful of their animals. Dur- 
ing his residence there he never heard a 
cross word uttered by a native, yaw no 
fighting, and heiJtd no profanity. 


ghc §rcfhmi at IVork 


11. M. ESItELMAN, I 

S. I. IIAUIMSUN. ^Editors. 

J. W. STEIN, ) 

1. TiiB Killtord will bf ri-apftUniblP only for Ihe 
leneriil (oiieuf tlie piipT, and Hit' iri-'fiTticm of an 
irticle dries not imiily that lliey «.nl..rBe every sen- 
limtiilof the writer. 

2. CONTltlDi'Torta in oriipr to secure prompt liv 
aertiODof tlieir iivticles, will pleiise not 1ii.1uIk» 'n 
pereoiialitlea :md iirnjoiirtciiim hiiiKiM^e, luit pre- 
sent tlielrvluwa '-ivilli's^iisoiLei! rtitbaiilt.' 

(■ Vi.- 

..f - 



3. Ko 
tbti c Hi 
the \\\- 

gret'i'ti-'. ■ ■M-.- M ,.;,.,!. h, ■!,.■ I.n,f.-HL « 
giVi? US M I ii !■ i I' -. .Mil "t- "111 I ml ll.ein 
pro|)pr »liii|ii-. AlHiivattiUe with U.iik ink, 
riiirrow jiii^ifi". 

4. Tin; BuETiiREN AT IVoHK v,-\\\ be sent to 
any nddi't^HH in tlie United .Stut,e3 or Ciiuadu fur 
8U50 per annum. Torllie IcarlinK diuriictdristica 
of tlie piiper, «a well :i3 terms to amenta see eighth 
piige. Aiiilreas ull coiniMiinii^iitions, 


LaDnrk.CiirrollCo., III. 


FERllUAItV 17, 1880. 

Thk 1 hurcli ut Wayne* 1.0 rti. Pa., seems to be 
rapitUy inert asing in nunihtr since llie debate, 
Tweuty-tliHie have been hiptized since Januiiry 

T'"*-WrMniv IT 

A CARD from Brother Stein dated 9lh inst. 
siys", Dr R^y's apetch baa aguia fuil-d toreaeh 
liini, nor bus au apology bi'en receired for its 
non Appearance. Eitber the U. S. mail service 
is in fault or Ihe Fla<j. We regret this npna- 
ruodic effort nt written discussion, for we wish 
f.he work Ut be Briished this year Can not tho 
Flag iimw\w\\ blame Uro. Slein f.-r Dr. Kay's 
deluy? 'TwouM be "sbifliu); tlie burden,'' jou 

ip loTe expands and seltiabnets contracts, it 
is easy to dtt^rmine whether a <hnreli is in au 
expansive or contractile atit'. Most things are 
traceable to some canse, hence it' u church is 
foundiucontract/est.t-, ft little . xploring Up 
tlie t-ti-eum will soon disclose tue thiig^ which 
ni.ike the water muddy. 

The latter part of la^t November as we were 
traveling from Ripon, Wis., to Sharon, Minn., 
we pl^a-eully pp-rut moat of tlie time Mil the 
uars rtadiiig Beer's "Passover iind L'jrd's Sup- 
per." It was the second time we read it 
througli, and wefouud it just as interesting as 
ever. We do not hesitate in pronouncing it a 
good and complete work upon the subject, and 
r- gird it worlby the careful study of all who 
love the truth. Dretbreu, can you not use it 
freely as a irorkei? 

TuKFiB ar« a gretit iii^iuy cath from the poor 
for the B. at W, and Tiin-t>. free. The funds 
for thii jmrprse are exiiamied at pre.sent, 
Who will help to (ill up? 

In Bio.S. J. Peck's article last ivgek we made 
him say he would move to Kails Ciiy iu the 
Spring, omitting 1S81. He will move iu the 
Spring ol 1881 instead of 1880. 

In one of the Sunday-schools iu thia city, the 
question wasB3ked,"Who arePuaiijets?" when 
a little girl of six summers aaswerd, " People 
who go to church and aiu." 

Wu have been inform rd that Bro R- H, 
Miller's daughter, who was for some time 
ill with cousumptiou, is dead. Bro. Miller and 
family have our heartfelt sympathies. 

The Primitive Metbudisfs iu England have 
presented a petition to Parliaaient, three 
fourths of a mile long, and Higued by 1,000,000 
pei'sous, Hskiug the passage of a law that will 
prohibit the opening of liquor shops on Sunday. 

Ik the deatli notice of Ira Forue? iu last num- 
ber the age should be /eH years instead of four. 
Bro. and SistuT Forney have met with a severe 
loss in the death of their dear boy — the young- 
est child of the family. 

Thb mail brings us the cheeful information 
that Bro. J. M. Snyder, who, lor three weeks 
was iu the crucible with typhoid fevur, is able to 
he out again. How grateful to God should we 
be, when, by his blessings, we escap; long and 
severe atftictious! 

Tee important question is not, "Do you b( 
lievo in ppecial providence? or Do .v<m believe 
in a general providence? hut Do yon beliive in 
any providence at all?" Doyou iielieve that 
he who formed u?, provides for u-? that b 
hears our petitions and answers them? 

Tnf.trini o//(iilh'\s surely ut hand. No(> 
withstanding the poverty which holds rule 
over many families, there is the u,sual amount of 
leaating, reveling and carousing. The hearts of 
th" people are becoi'.ing harder and har'er in- 
stead of srtftened by the blessings of civiliz'ition. 
Poor houses are opentd wHli a beill and the 
Christiiin Govfntor given a start off in his man- 
sion with a public dance, God is noticing these 
tbing"!, and will bring them into judgment at 
the lust day. 

Asa specimen how the lJ.iptisis aud "CamiJ- 
beMites" loveC?) each other, we clip the foll.iw- 
ingr from the ^ C Rtvifw of June 25th 1878: 

' Did not Campbelihm hatch out in the back- 
woods of West Virginia?— ii.i(?/(; F/«y. And 
did it U' t begin to crow as soon a.^ it was ba'cli- 
ed ?—D'ij>list liijhcter. Aud has it not bhcome 
veryaick of the crowing business? — Wtatern 

Are all these Hard-shell Baptists, that their 
language i^ so fowl?— C/iria/(ii»i tjUiixfaiil. 

Yes, and btcause Ahxamler Cauipbe lcli]>ped 
their eectesiiaaticiil wings wnd bobbt-d their the 
ologici.1 tails,all they can do is to i-triit about a 
mobg empty eggshells and ciiokel over the non- 
production of chicks. — A. C Heiiiiw. 

Btshop Bnkeronce said: "!t is the glory of 
Methodism to contorm to the age," It is one 
thing to assume that the Ghrititiaa system is 
adapted to man under all circumstances, aud 
quite another to assume that the religion of 
Christ adapis ilself to the various tastes of 
mankind. Chriat gave the world a system 
adapted to mau under every circumstance, but 
reader, do not console yourself with the idea 
that ('/ cliaiiijes. It is doigned to change you 
and not you i7. 

Hk wns in a dilemma; yea he was. The les- 
son for Jan. 18th was "Jesus baptized of John." 
Art he was first, last aud all the time in favor of 
sprinkling for baptism, he did not know what 
to do. "See liere," said the minister, "there are 
a numb ^r of Tunker boys in my cl jss, and how 
to meet them next Suodoy I do not know, for 
the lesson is on baptism,and every one of them 
is for immersion. I don't know bow to m^et 
them. What shall I do." Do? Do the truth 
and then you need not study how to acnid it. 
The Lord open blind eyes, unstop deaf ears, and 
arouse the sleeping, drowsy professors. 

On the 3rd lust, Bro John Fitzgerald and 
Jesse Stutsman were at Hickory Grove church 
in the Miami Valley Ohio, holding some meet- 
ings. No doubt the children of God were com- 
I'of ted by the word of God and Holy Spirit, bo 
that grace and glory might abound. 

Tqe Frelich Freemasons lately passed an au- 
thoritative order striking the name of God from 
llieir ritual. This looks more like the precise 
thii>g. Lst that which is idolatrous aud athe- 
istic appear in its true color, and not deceive 
the people by a vain u*e of God's holy name. 

We are not for schemes aud plaus which do 
uot spread thft gospel at all. Apostolic exam- 
ple, divine authority, tiiore tcork, more si/nipi 
thij, greater self-denial, more unity, less haw, 
Miore (?o— a grand advance by every member 
in piety, purity, sacrflce, — evei^thiiig that is *>/' 
God to man, and then there will be true work 
clean work, acceptable svork. 

The Hebrews amiually celebrate what 
amoug them is known as the Day of At jne- 
mi'iit "One of the siiecial charactersitic-s of 
t.iie celebration." says anfxchatige, "is tie 
public burying of all family feuds aud pet^on- 
hI dissensions, hi thi; respect our Hebrew 
f '1 )W- citizens set an ex:imple which the 
w .ule world would do well to follow," 

We are thankful to the many B. at W. 
I'fieuds for their valuable contributions which 
they have recently sent us. It seems not a few 
of you have endeavored to send the very cream 
for our readers. This is as it should be. Press 
much into a tew words; for we wish to give 
room to all who speak the truth in love, and 
take time and care to say much m a little space. 
We have gained much spiritual strength and 
comfort from your valuable essays, Looktoour 
Father for your regard, who is mindful of every 
kind act and sacrifice for the conversion of hiu 
ners and the comforting of the saints. 

Dr, J. Parker, of the City Temple, London, 
was severely rebuked iu one of the daily papers 
not long since for using this expression in a 
public priyer: * Do not disgrace the throne 
of thy glory. R?memher. break not thy cov- 
enant with us." Other critics took it up, aud 
the doctoi'was scored and laslied soundly for 
his uueqnaied impudence in thus addressing 
the Almighty. They went ou in this way for 
some time, and vied with e.iGh other iu the 
severity of their caustic critici'*m. Finally the 
Doctor replied, showing that his language wa« 
precisely that of the prophet Jeremiah, (14: 2) 
and a^ded, "This comes of being too Biblical 
iu prayer." 

Acheap Concordance. We always recommend 

in the purchase of book*, that the best be i-\\m- 

en when circumstances will pprmit. 

dictionary is better than )i smaller oue, but a 

mall one is better than none ut all. This is 

ue of Concordances. We would recommend 
the largest aud best edition, which costs §3 .50. 
to all who can afford to get it. But as tber^ 
are many who would like to have a Concord- 
; who do not feel able to pay ^3 iJO, we 
Id recommend to them one not quite as large 
which we can furnish at the very low price of 
75 cents. There is not as much difference in 
the books as there is in the price. At this prico 
no one who wishes to study the Bible needs or 

Last week Bro. Moure g^vu some gocd rea- 
sons why the Standing Committee should meet 
and begin business on Friday previous to open- 
ing General Council; and now iu this he pre 
seuls the reasons of the Committee of Arrange- 
ments for the change of time in holding An- 
nual Meeting. We believe this change a wi^e 
one and those who li-e iu this latitude will ap- 
preciate the good sense i.f the committee. We 
know the Oummittec was siow to take Ihe re- 
sponsibility but after hearing from a majority 
of (he Standing Committee, and viewing tho 
field thoroiiglily, it decided to make the 
change. It wtTe better to bend an old custom 
a little, than to iiave mi-n and womeu exposed 
to the cold which we hive more or less about 
the 20th (f May every year. We hope, therefore, 
that all of our dear brethren will aquiesce in 
this work of the Committee, and prepare, by 
prayer and fasting, for careful and wise delib- 
eration at the next Conference. It is not the 
day we worship, nor yet the day which we es- 
teem, but the Lord If our hearts be set on him 
"new moons" aud "huly days" which were a 
figure of that ishich is come, will uot turn any 
of us away from Ihe holy eiijoymeut of kiudred 
spirits and the fellowshi|» of love. 

friends who have s^ l.vuigly e..UeatMl ,u« to 

come aud soj mru wiU, j.,u a lu,|. ,-,„, ....^ 

labor with you for that meat wh.c:. p-r^h-th 
uot, will please excuse me for a while You 
see [ am hindered: uud prubi.bly all i;,r a g„,d 
purpose; lor how of.endu ^v« lean, that "our 
lujis, which hie but lor. a mtmmt 
T us a tar i.ioro aud excud^Ujj wr-.^ta tti 
, , " '"'<» v*-0 thankful, thoiiKll, 
that my body, uiy arms imd my h-ad enabi., ,ue 
'" 'vntc; lor the Lord thus permits me to Utkto 
al^rgecouj-regauonemh we.-k. And nowwiU 
jou nil piiiy (onm-? and will y u h-1,. .il....g 
th.-cai|.eoftiutu by Mduui.g many ol, . r« to 
read the B. at W.? Come ht us n^H^-ia to- 
gether, then loVc together, Ilea bo together iu 
the unity of the cpirit aud : 

light 1 
work for 
eterual dory.' 

tho h'linl of 
U- SI. p. 


Attention is called to Bro. Eby's article. We 
recognize the fact that too much is said about 
persons, and uot enough about the one person 
— Christ Jesus. It is painful to go through a 
long article, and in every line find stl/ upper- 
most, and Jesus low down. The preacher will 
tell wheu and where he got on the cars, who 
met him at the depot, how far he rode luto the 
country, how often he preached, how the peo- 
[ile were moved to tears, 'the mighty impres- 
ious made Sc, and then when the editor dare 
uu his pencil throitgn such stuff, ho will most 
surely receive a scathing letter. When an ed- 
itor gets such letters then hf is sure he did right 
in kuockiug down the caterpillars from the 
fair tree, for those who complain because the 
chaff has been ti.ken out oftheir articles, plain- 
ly say that it was self they sought to blaz3 a- 
broad rather than the cross of Christ. When we 
make bold to keep out such uuinstructive 
matter, we will be told by such preachers, "We 
will not work for B. at "VV. any longer." This 
threat moves us not. If a man is working for a 
paper for a selfish purpose, aud gets angry be- 
cause the editors will not run his pufl'j through- 
the paper, the sooner be ceases to work for the 
paper the betttr. We are trying to labor ac- 
cording to principles; and to principhs we will 
cling though every man desert ns, and 
down to zero in the estimation of all who seek 
their own, and not others. We hope we may 
not have occasion to allude to these things any 
more; for it is uupleasent to speak thus, but we 
must for truth's sake. Give us good news; put 
Jesus at the top, center, and bottom, and you 
svill be happy. 

ought to be without a Concordance. 


{AMnow(Feb. llth)able to do some writing; 
just emerging from the heated watersjhave 
spent several days in the grasp of that consum- 
ing disease — lung fever. I hltss God that I am 
able to resume my pen iu defense of his heaven 
a cause. By bis mighty powers, his greai 
goooness and condescending mercies I am yet 
spared to walk and talk and sing aud pray with 
the dear saints tin earth. But my preachinj? 
powers are stayed lor a tejaon. My physician 
has, affer a thorough examination of my lung-, 
advised me to refrain from 'public speaking ui - 
till next May at least; hence, you my dear 

[The following nrliclowsimlten In»l r,ill \n i.t. or- 
cLara not fiir from Uonrk. At il.rtt timo .v« f.i.rwl (hid 
■-■itciiuisiaiiccs might poiut out 8,,n.o aw as iho vkUm for 
"homlhontliclc wns .p«i..|l/ drBiRiicJ. A« .iial. wm 
not Ibo case it hns btcn iviildicM iiotil now.] 

~VrO sooner was ourh.iiding written (ban it 
\A was seen that we must be cut by our own 
lash. For in tho act of disapproving of censch 
rioiianess we become a censurer omself. We 
do Ihn very thing ourself thut we condemn 
in others. Our Saviors instruction seems just 
to fit our ca-e. That is. "Physician heal thy- 
self, what thou coudtmiiest iu others, tliou 
doest thyself." Hero tbeu we have tho v.rlfi- 
catioii of the truth, "It were easier to teach 
twenty what were Ihe right thing to do than 
to be one of the twenly to follow mine own 
leaching." To trespass iu this way w very 
wrong. Its dire efl'ects ar& much easier seen 
and felt than expiefsed. What impression 
does a minister make whcse lipg have hardly 
closed from an intercessiou with God that meu 
and women may btcome less worldly-minded, 
placing their affections more on things above,— 
who converses only upon the "markets" 
or "neighborhood gossip"? Give the Devil 
enough ministers of such a character and he 
will give the work of grace .such a shock as 
would horrify us too much to tell. Ministers 
who preach oue thing and do another are such 
a monstrosity that nothing outside of Satan's 
kingdom can be found that can at all be com- 
pared with them. Now will this same incon- 
sistency be apparent in what we say about cen- 
aoriousness? Shall we be placed on tro same 
list as those of whose course we disapprove? 
Then we shall not censure, but simply inquire 
whether we are doing the best we can. 

When an individual does us a wrong do we 
realize that lis sin cannot harm us before God? 
Do we always think wheu a person says eril 
thiugs to us that it is not what he says that 
hurts us, but what we say? Then wheu we rer 
prove a ptrson do we do it to make him bet- 
ter, or do we do it to have revenge — to expose 
his sinfulness, his wickedness, his designs, or 
pernapa his ignorance? or do it to make him 
feel sad, gloomy, and sick and tired of life? Do 
we show the same love and affection when we 
show people their errors that we do when we 
praise them for their good traits and qualities? 
Do we assure them that though we can not ap- 
prove (if many things they do, that btill we es- 
teem them and have tender regards for them? 
If we do not, we are certainly not po-saessed with 
Christ's spirit, for he "came to seek and to save 
that which was lost;''' and if we do not have 
Christ's spirit we are none of his. This is pos- 
itive — it cuts close — it means something. Eith- 
er we are Christ's or we are not; either we are 
saved or we are lost. Do we not sometimes tell 
our friends that if they do not change their 
course that we shall them off forever, with- 
draw from their society and try to influence 
others to do so? And perchance our unfortu- 
nate friend should be in busines,i do we threat- 
en to take from him onr trade and try to get 
others to do so? If we do thi^are we Qob eo 
greatly in fault ourselves as to lieed to "pull 
the beam"? When we cannot correct the er- 
of our friend in a proper manner, would 
it not be better to encourage him in his good 
that OS h-i increased in that he would 
become weaker in the other? Then by not 
knowing all the circumstances by which some 
are led astray might not much of the evil we 
see in them be imaginary? Would not the 
judgment wherewith we jndge condemn na? 
Then have yon not obstrvid that ofientime^ 

F fbinarv 3 T 

TtLK liKKaJrlKK^s' ^T AN'OKK:. 

tbore who H«P 80 much wrong iu othf ra only 
see what iftia thcnuelvea? I'lease pmise ami 
conwider if some ol those who continually com- 
plain and grumble are not guilty of Ihe 3aiiie 
thingi a-f those iu wlium tljny fiuJ fault, 

I hope I may not heimd'Tstood ua trying to 
induce you to shut your eyes thiit you might 
notnee "the fruit by which >h ahull know theiu." 
Oil thi; other htiud we would eay awake, open 
four eyes wider, nnd have all the ''buunid' cast 
out of them tnat you may sec clearer. 

May we all seek to be more consistent, to il- 
iuttrald nioro our prece|)t3 i)y eiKuiple that 
othuH seeing our good worlia may glorify our 
Father which ia in heaven. 






The Unjust Balances Ddected.— "Trine Timner- 

niersiott Weighed in the Balances and Found 

Wftntinif" Jitversed. Proc. 11: 1. 

"The eartli also is defiled under tbe inlia itanis 

thereof; liecaiisetliey liave transgri'sseii the liiw!", 

chariKed the ordiniince, "broken tbe evcrlji3tIn(rcov- 

enuiit. Ilierefi'ie liHth tlie curse devoured the 

earth, and tliey that dwell therein are desolate: 

therefore the inliahitauta of the earth are burned 

and few men left.— ls:i 21: 5, 0. 

"Go ye into all tlio world, iirnl preach the gospel 
to every crraliire. lie thiit.'belk'vetli and b hap- 
tilled, shall he paved; but. he that belicvtth not 
shall be daujned."— Mark 10: lii, lO. 


SOME poiut us to the dying thief as ati in- 
stance of salvation without baptism. The 
exiiuiple, however, is irrelevant, because inabil- 
ilff to do a thing represents & case entirely uu- 
parallel to refused or neglected ability to do it- 
Docs the salvation of an iufaut that is incapa- 
ble of repentance and faith prove that an im- 
penitent unbeliever can he saved without re- 
pentance and t'aith? God does not require im- 
possibilities and not to do what, he does not re- 
quire. 13 not todiaobey him. None but trans- 
gressors will bo lost, and "where there is no 
law, tliere is no trQn.-gression." But tne gos- 
pel requires baptism, not of persons dying on 
the cross, but of living, active men, women and 
children, (not uuconseious babts), who neglect 
it not for want of ability, but because of a per- 
verted, ob-^tiuate and rebellious will. But some 
tell us to "teach baptism in order to re- 
mission and yet admit circamstauces under 
which men may be saved without it, is iucou- 
sisteut." We answer this logic by analogy. 
Were it true, then to teach that faith and re 
peiitance are requirtd in order to remission, and 
yet admit circumstances (as in the death of in- 
fanls) under which persons may be saved with- 
out them would also be inconsistent. "Physi- 
cian heal thyself." A testator can do as he 
pleases with his own, but after his death, his ex- 
ecutor dares not depart from the strict spcciji- 
eations of his will, without exposing himself to 
the penalty of unfaithfulness. Salvation is of 
God, to bestow when, how and on trliom he 
pleases. Christ could not only say to the thief, 
"thou shalt be with me iu Paradise," but to 
the "sick of the palsy," "thy sins be forgiven 
thee." But when he delivered his hist will and 
testament, sealed with his blood, in which he 
stipulates faith and baptism (Mark 16: 16) as 
joint conditions of salvation, he who presumes 
to depart from that plan, does eo at his own 
risk. Mr. Wilimarth (Baptist) says, "No one 
who accepted the gospel iu reality was ever 
known to refuse baptism; and as to e:iceptional 
cases, such as the impossibility of receiviug the 
ordinance, be it remembered that God was then, 
is now, free to go before the letter of his gospel 
promise:, or to go beyond it, whenever, in his 
owu sovereignty, he may see sufficient cause for 
so doing." biiptism and It-missiou, pp, 19, 20. 
The apostles iu executing the Savior'si will were 
first to disciple and S!Coud lo baptize the na- 
tions. Matt. 2S: 19. Some a.^1: us whether we 
baptize people to make them disciples, or bt- 
cause tJiey are diciptej"? Wo answer. Because 
they are disciplts, A diaciple is a sdwhir^ 
ahiDtier, but it does not follow that he mubt 
hn pardomd. Judas, though a "disciple" of Je- 
sus "was a thief" and "i/fiiV" John 13: 4~6;6: 
70, 71. One must li aru, hence become a disci- 
ple before he can repent or believe. Hence 
though the pardoned are disciples, all disciples 

are not pardoned. Soiueii^k whetht-ra '"pruper 
candidate for baptism is a child of God, bet.ite 
bapti.<ini, or achihi of the devil?" Accoidiii^ 
to iheMiisler'^fxami'K Mark 11: 28i 30, we 
answer by <]iie&ttous (f nimilar import. Wai 
an Englinh H-qerler, duiitig the lust war be- 
tween the Unurd Slates and Great liritain. » 
citiztin of the United States before het<<okilre 
oath of allegiance, or a tiliz^n of Great Britain? 
Wiia he a United States soldier prior to his le- 
gal, formal induction iuto their army, orasol 
dier of Great Britain ? Is he either, in the true 
tense of the wcrd? Are the bodies of the dead 
idtutitiid vilh lheyii(M»'e state before the res- 
urrtctionl' or ihe present stute? Can asm-sick 
soul before it trusts or coutliit^ in Christ, be 
properly regarded either as a child of Gi:d, or a 
cliild of the devil? li they will answer these 
discreetly they will find a solution to their owu. 
[iiit some denounue our views on this suhject ns 
■"a species of Oaiupbellisiu " "Uiimpbellisraruu 
ti seed," etc. We reply, long before thedaya of 
Mr, Campbell and the people called by his 
name our brethren preached and contended eir- 
ncstly for this d<ictrine. Some call it "an ele- 
ment of popery." We answer long before tbe 
rise of popery and its abuses of baptism, thi^j 
was a peculiar doctrine of the early witnesses ol 
Jesus and bis truth. Dr. C<ive says of th*- 
primitive Christians, "They reckoned no one 
could be saved witiiout being baptr/ed," Cave's 
Primitive Cbriatianity, p 145. Mosheim speak- 
ing of baptism in the third century, says, "ihe 
remission of ^ins was thought to be its imme- 
diate and happy fruit." Mosbeim' Hi^t. 
(McLunes) p. 70, TertuUian who wrote about 
the beginning of the third centmy, sayn, "Hap- 
py is the sacrament of our water, in that by 
washing away the sins ol our early blindnefs, 
we are set free and admitted into eternal life." 
TeitulliHu'.s Writings, vol. 1, p. 231. Mr. Or- 
chard, the Baptist liistorian in a ureface of his 
"History of Foreign Baptists" as quoted by Dr. 
J. R. Graves says, "Ic is stated iu the most sat- 
isfactory manner, that all Christian communi- 
ties during the Jirsl three ceiUurieSf were of the 
Baptistdenomination, in coustiLutiou and piac- 
tice." See Prelace p. 14, Orchard calls Tertui- 
liuu "a B.ipt!3t." Ibid p. 33, J. Newton Brown 
says, "to them (the Baptist?) belong all the 
Chr.atian writers of the second century, includ- 
ing Justin Martyr, Irenaus, Clement of Al-'X- 
andi-ia, TertuUian, and in the next age, Hippo- 
lytus, and even Origin." Baptist Martyrs, p. 
21. But TertuUian, Justin, and all the rest of 
ihem were these old fashioned "Dippers," i.e. 
"Tuuken*" who believed and tanght that h ip- 
lism was ia order tot' e r miisiou ofsin^. Ju^^tiu 
Martyr, a Christian apologist of the second cen- 
tury who was beheaded for tbe witjiess of Je- 
sus, says, "We obtain in tbe water the remiss- 
ion of lins formerly committed," Justin Martyi 
and Athenegora, p. 60. Barnabas of the Jirst 
century, (See acts 13: 2, 3. 46, 4"; 14: 14; 1 Cor 
9: 6), says, "We indeed descend iuto the water 
full of sins and defilement, but come np having 
the fear of God and tru-st in Jl'Sus iu our spirit." 
Apostolic Fathers, p. 121, Hermas, of the same 
age (See Rom. 16: 14). says, "Before a man 
beat's the name of the Son of God be is dead; 
but when he receives the seal he lays aside his 
deaduess and obtains lit'-'. The seal then is the 
water; they descend iuto the water dead and 
they arise alive. And to them accordingly was 
this seal preached, and tfaey made use of it that 
they might enter into the kingdom of heaven," 
Ibid. p. 420. We might multiply quotations of 
this class to a great extent from tbe primitive 
times, but we forbear. 

Some ridicule baptism iu order to remission, 
!is "water salvation." Salvation is of God to 
bestow how he pleases, even though it be iu 
the water. Why not call it "faith salvation," 
because received in faiths or "repentance salva- 
tion," hecaused received in repentance? Would 
the latter not be as appropriate as the former? 
To be consistent with such objecliors they 
must maintain that when God cured Naaman 
of leprosy in Jordan, that it was a "water cure." 
That the salvation of the bitten Israelites who 
had to look at tbe brazen serpent in order to be 
healed, was "looking salvation" or "serpent sal- 
vation," or "brass salvation" instead of God's 
salvation. And when Christ put spittle of clay 
ou the eyes of the blind maa and bade him 
wash, that it was "clay talvation" or "spittle 
salvation," instead of Christ's salvation. Such 
is the sophistry that denounces conformity to 
God's institution as "water salvation." But says 

one. "your comparison is out of place; bee 
baptism is a physic^il action while faith is a 
mural act. I answer, Is baptism au imiuoi 
act? An* not all just, virtuous, honeit Chri 
tian physical action* mor-il? And do they not 
procfed from moral oldigatiou whether that ob- 
li^aiion ari-es from Ihti nature cf Some exigen- 
cy, or Irtim positive piece pt? 


(Dt U. ». ElflltHl!!. 

"And lini prophet, or tLnL Jrcftaioruftlrcnms, bIimH bi 
put tu dcDlli; becailSB bo tulh Hpokca taLiro you ikwnj 
ffum Uio Urdyouf Gwl, whLcL brdiiglil juu out of ili< 
InDilof Eg;pt, ■DdndeciDtdjuuoulorihB bouae of bnti' 
lingo, lo iliruit jououLoflho iviiy wbioh tbcLunl IhrGod 
cunimnndoJ Iboo lo wulk in. Su aliiJt thou pul lUo eiil 
iiwiij f.oin ILe midnul Ibee," UodI. Ifl: &. 

WE walked uplo tho leuce, looked over into 
the "field," and what do you think 
8-tvv? A prophet!' No, A Samaritan}* Not 
aSamaritun. Areedshaken with the wind? 
Yps, a reed — "a j oung evangelist" amusing tbe 
people. He had been converted under Moody — 
ihe higliest authority sure, fjr nn "evangelist" 
who can draw large crowds. He had been a 
liar, a cheat, aeouiidrel, drunK-urd — a worker ol 
evil in dens of Jnfaiuy, and at Moody's meetin)t 
was prayed tor, ''got religion" iu a second, and 
now he H over iii yonder field telling his exiie- 
rience, not iu practical religion, butin tho "gut 
ter," in the saloon, in the dark holes of slum 
.ind dobuuchery; aud the people are delighted: 
The "regular pastor" — a man of profound learn- 
ing, noted for bis integrity, excellence of char- 
acter, and stainless reputation, is Ihrnst aside, 
and the "young evangelist" who knew nothing 
of the Bible before his conversion (?) aud stud- 
ies it but littlo now, hoids sway over the peo 
pie, and amuses them n la Dan. Rice and Rob- 
isou. Instead olpoiutiog the people to the Bi- 
ble telling what it demands, he cjcfW them 
ivith his "narrow escapes," his "bravery," h: 
'•^kill," and the scores of thrilling adventure 
which follow in his footstep*. And tho people 
are pleased! There was a demand for a "tick- 
ler,'' and he came. They wanted to be amused, 
aud the amuser came. They longed to be ex- 
cited, and the exciter was at hand. They "hank- 
ered.' after dreams, and the dreamer was there. 
"Away with the old slory of the cross," said 
they, "and give ns something new and// 
Gutter stories, adventures in places of vice, are 
aweeterthau the blood of the Crucified." Thus 
the upstart, the novice carries everything by 
storm, and the sober, the steadfast, the cal 
and the dignified are sent back to lament that, 
ttiey ever entered that field. Suppose they ob- 
ject to the "loose" work, what then? Then tiiey 
will be dubbed "jealous," "fogies," "bigoted," 
"iincharatible."' If the "regular pastor" ven- 
tures to oppose the fast movement of the"fyaH- 
(felisi" he will be told that he "better keep 
quiet;" his "bread aud butter depends upon the 
"good will" of that congregation, hence between 
'^principle'' and "butter" he chooses butter and 
remains passive. 

Brethren, we must indeed be a dull people if 
we fail to profit by tliose "dreamers" and 
thusiasts over iu that field. 


WHEN the Annual Meeting was held in 
North-^ru Illinois, in 1S56, it was so 
early in the season that^many suffered from the 
cold aud damp weather. So great was the suffer- 
ing that many members then and there said 
that if the Aaaual M'leting ever came to 
Northern Illinois again it should be held later 
in the season. 

There being no call for the meeting at the 
close of last A. M., Northern Illinois, after 
consultation concluded to take it for 1860, but 
did not, at that time, know that Pentecost 
cornea so eaily in tbe season as it does, or else 
we would have made a proviso. The matter 
n-as mentioned at our District Meeting and it 
ivas generally concluded by those present that; 
f Pentecost would come early, the Annual 
Meeting should be put ofi' a few weeks. 

As Pentecost comes very early this year tho 
Committee of Arrangements have decided to 
hold the nest Annual Meeting the 1st of June, 
which will be two weeks later than the usual 
time. They do so for the following reasons: 

1. This season, Pentecost comes the 16th of 
May, aud in this Northern climate the weather 
at that time is usually quite cold, damp, and 
often very disagreeable. 

2. H is the gtneral behel of all those who 
uoderstaudlha nature of this climate, that the 
meeting should be put oil' at itust two weeks. 

3- It was thought, by those who attended our 
last District Meeting, th«t if Pentecost came 
early the A. M. should bo put off till the l>t of 

4. Thosu who fltt.-nded Hie A. M, in 1S56 
werd fully cmviuced timt if (he A, M. ever 
came to Noithern Illinois ugain it should not 
be held so early iu tbe season. 

5. In all probability the crowd nt our next 
A. M. will be very large, aud ahouhl tho wiHith- 
er bo cold aud damp it will be extremely niffi- 
cult t) care for the people so as to keep them 
from suffering. 

6. Pentecost cornea right iu the midst of our 
corn planting, and dining the A. M. wo waut 
ail the farmers to be through with their work 
so they can help take cavo ol the people and also 
g-t fho good of the meeting. Hence our next 
A. M. will be held at Lanark. III., commenciug 
June 1st, 18S0. By order of tho Committee. 

J. H. MOOUE, ©KCllETAay. 

Report of B cthrec's Tract Society. 


Samuel Ross $ 5,00 

.S. T. Bossennan g 00 

D. B. Gibson g-OO 

Previously reported 420,00 

Total 434,00 

Amount refunded 20.00 

Total to date 414.00 


Jno. Brubaker $ .50 

0. C. Gibson 25 

J. Oibsou 25 

D. Washburn 1.00 

J. Metzger 1.00 

1-. Hough 1,00 

J. B. Thompson 16 

W. B. Young 30 

D. Kiugery 40 

J. 0. Culler 1.00 

J. Hendricks IQO 

Previously rejiurted 11.40 

Total to date $18.25 

Total to date of all money received. ... $4iJ2,26 
8 per cent, of $^32 25 tquals5<34.58, amount 
to be sent iu Tracts, Paperu, etc. 

D. F, Eby $ 9.00 

E. X. Myers 40 

L. M. Ebersole 40 

a. Misbler '. 30 

S. Y. Suavely 85 

D. Vauimau 1.50 

D. B. Gibson 1.80 

J.R.Gish 75 

G. Baruhart 2,05 

E. C. Goldman 1.80 

J. Uurubart % 

M. M. Esbelman 11.60 

D. M. Miller 3.00 

Total §25.10 

Bhethbes at Work bent. 

L. Hoover 8 300 

T. Harrison 2.00 

J. Wimer 1.50 

C. S. Holsinger 1 50 

1. R>wtand 1,50 

S. Witter 1.50 

S D. Googhnour 1 50 

M, Ddeter 1.50 

Total $1800 

Tolal of Tracts and papers sent $3810 

Amount in excess of funds 83.62 

Cas not some of our writ*;rs give attentioQ 
to the "Bible Cla''.i" department? We desire 
some questions, and hope those who fe*-i inter- 
ested will answer according as tbe Lord giveth 
ability. That field we prefer to lea«e wholly 
in the hands of our re^id'-rs and cintrihufois. 
Much may be drawn' out by means of qneations, 
ind great good done by answering wisely Let 
IS hear from yon. 

EVEaT society it seems, has those in i*: who 
get the paper mania at times. The Christian 
speaks thus of its people — the Discipiffl. 

"Our people seem to have the paper mania, 
if there be such a dii^^asc. There if nnmf new 
pap-T coming out almost every qiiurttr during 
ea"h year. Durini; i h*^ last three months there 
have been more than one for each month. All 
must try a band at tlie hiismess. I'.i-y will 
not believe without aeeine. Te.sliaiony of oth- 
ers is not sufficient. Th^re are many things 
■ve never learn shartof experience. Experience 
ia this matter is the outy remedy, it Be_-ma." 

TEiE liKB'l ilJrtEliSr ^^T "wokk;. 

Februarv 17 

^ome and 'Jamilg. 

HuHband3. love your wives. Wivea, submit yoiir- 
BelvM unW your own hiiabands. ChUdren. obey 
TOUT parents. Fathers, provoke notypurcbildreii Co 
wrath, bat bring them up in the nurture ana ^ad- 
monition of tbe Loril. Servfinta, be obedient to 
them that are your maalera.— Pa rL. 


The supper Is over, the hearth iaswept, 

And ill the wond ilrc'H glow 
The children cluster to lieiir a. tale 

Of that time, so long ago. 
"When grandmntiima's hair was golden brown, 

JS nd the warm blood came and went 
O'er tbe fHce that could scarce hdve been sweet- 
er then 

Than now in its rich content 
The face is wrinkled and care-worn now, 

And the golden bnir is gray; 
But the light that shone in the young girl's eyes 

Never has gone away. 
And her needles catch tbe Ore's light 

AS in and out they go. 
With the clicking music that grandma lovea, 

Shaping th^ stocking toe. 
And the waiting children love it, too. 

For they know the stocking song 
Brings many a tale to grandma's mind, 

Which they shall hear ere long. 

But it brings no story of olden time 

To grandma's hear ^ to-night ; 
Only a refrain, quaint and short 

la sung by the needles bright. 
"Life la a stocking." grandma says, 

"And yours is just begun; 
But I aui knitting the toe of mine. 

And oil' work is almost done. 
With merry hearts we begia to knit. 

And tlie ribbing is almost play i 
Some are gay-colored anO some are white, 

And some are ashen griiy. 
But most are made of many a hue. 

With many a stttcli let wrong. 
And many a row to he sadly ripped 

Ere the whole is fair and strong. 
There are long, phiin spaces, without a break, 

That in youth is hard to bear. 
And many a weary tear is dropped 

As we fashion the heel with cate. 
But the saddetit, happiest timo is that 

We court, and ytt would shun. 
When our heavenly Father breaks the thread 

And says that our work is done." 

The children come to say "gnod-night," 
With teara iu their bright young eyes. 

While in grandma's lap, with broken thread, 
Tbe llnished stocking lies. 

— The Christian. 

should strive to assimilate with His character as 
Dearly as possible. The truly moral man or 
woman wields an influence in society that will 
be felt long aft«r he or she h^ left tbe shores of 
time. They do not live 'n vain, for their life- 
work will direct the footsteps of those who fol- 
low them. Their greatness and moral courage 
will be iufu-ied into the hearts of their fellow- 
workers and produce good results. Their ambi- 
tion is a noble one and well worthy of the 
admiration of others. 


THE moment a i;irl has a secret from her 
mother, or has received a letter 3_e dare 
not let her mother read, or has a friend of 
whom her mother does not know, she is in 
danger. A secret is not a good thing for a 
girl to have. The fewer secrets that lie in the 
heart.i of women at any age, the better. It is 
almost a test of her purity. She who has none 
of her own is best and happiest. 

In girlhood, hide nothing from your mother; 
do nothing that, if discovered by your father, 
would make you blush. When you are mar- 
ried, never, never, never conceal anything from 
yoar husband. Never allow yourself to write 
a letter that he may not know all about, or re- 
ceive one that you are not quite willing he 
should read. Have no mysteries whatever. 
Tell those about you where you go and what 
you do. Those who have the right to know, I 
mean, of course. 

A little secretiveness has set many a scandal 
afloat: and much as is said about women who 
tell too much, they are much 'oetter off ttian wo- 
men who tell too little. A man may he reticent 
and lie under no suspicion; not so a woman. 

The girl who frankly says to her mother: " I 
have been here. I met so and so. Such anil 
such remarks were made, or this or that was 
done," will be certain ofreceiving good advice 
and sympathy. If all was right, no fault will be 
found, if the mother kuows out of her greater 
experience that .something was improper or un- 
suitable, she will, if she is a good mother, kind- 
ly adv'se against its repetition. 

Some mothers when they discover that their 
girls are hiding things from them rebuke or 
scold. Inaoceiit faults are always pardoned by 
a kind parent. 

You mav not know, girls, just what is right 
— just what is wrong yet. You can't be blam- 
ed for making little mistakes, but you will nev- 
er do aiiytliing very wrong if from the first 
you have no secrets from your mother. — SeJ. 



THE good that h.ive lived and passed away 
have exerted an influence that will be felt 
by future generations. There is nobility and 
true greatness in the good, and the good n 
and women in the world are great in the 9i{_ 
of God. They may not be great iu the eyes of 
the world;they may occupy the aecludfid places 
of earth, and their quiet, unassuming labors 
may not attract attention, but tbe holy iuflu- 
ence which emanates from their pure and noble 
examples, — their lofty aspirations and louging 
desires to live iu the higher and better sphere, 
will fall like a sweet benediction upon those 
with whom they associate, iiwd will create with- 
in them pure thoughts and a desiie to live 
unsullied lives. True, moral greatness is aul)- 
lime in every aspect in which it m.iy be viewed. 
There is so much of the earnest of Heaven 
connected with it that it becomes a double 
obj; et of admiration. What a huthsomc sight 
is character destitute of morals! Take away 
moral principle and what have we that is pleas- 
ant to admire i* Man is a wonderful being; God 
created him in Hia own likeness and image, but 
left him to cultivate his intellect, which, if 
properly done, w 11 guide him in ways of purity 
and true holiueas, or, if neglected, will drag 
him down to degredatiou and misery. 

The mind that is moved by a Sense of moral 
conviction seeks after pleasures of the highi 
kind,— those which are true and real, and afford 
continual enjoyment, but the mind undi 
pUned by moral promptings seeks those gratifi- 
cations which are sensual, and degrading in 
their nature. There are thoughts presented to 
a pure and cultivated mind that are heavenly, 
notwithstanding the heart may not be renewed 
and regenerated. The tendency of morality 
IB upward, but add to this the benign and 
refining influences of the Christian religion, 
and we have a grand and sublime character! 
Such a spectacle God and the angels admire. 
There is something of God in every man, and 
as He is such a pure and holy Being, man 

njury to the scholars punished and to tho Jis- 
:ipline of the school, and the abolition of tliM 
rod will have the fff-ct not only to improv.- 
the character of the instructors, but to est^i'u- 
liih friendly relations between teacher and pu- 
pil, for children, as well us ilmub animals ar^ 
mo-it easily governed by kind words and kind 
treatment. — Stl. ■ 


A YOUNG man stood listlessly watching 
some anglers on a bridge. He was poor 
and dejected. At last, approaching a basket 
filled with wholesome locking fish, he sighed; 

"If now I had these, I would be happy. I 
would sell them at a fair price, and buy me 
food and lodgings." 

"I will give you just as many, and just as 
good fish," said the owner, who had chanced to 
overhear his words, "if you will do me a trifling 

"And what is that?" asked the other. 

"Only to tend this line till I come back; I 
msh to go on a short errand." 

The proposal was .iccepted. The old man 
was gone so long that the young man began to 
get impatient. Meanwhilu the fi^h snapped 
greedily at the baited hook, and the young man 
lost all hia depre<<sion in the excitemeut of pull- 
ing them in; and when the owner returned he 
had caught a large number. Counting om 
from them as many as were in the basket, and 
prc-ieutiug them to the young man, the old 
fisherman said: 

"I fulfill my promise from the fish you have 
caught to teach yon whenever you see others 
enruing what you need, to waste no time in 
foolish wishing, but cast a line for yourself." — 


LIFE is very critical. Any word may be ou' 
last. Any farewell, e?eu among glee and 
merriment, may be forever. If this truth were 
but burned into our consciousness, and if it 
ruled as a deep conviction and real power in our 
lives, would it not give a new meaning to all 
our human relationships? Would it not make 
us tar more tt'nder than we sometimes are? 
Would it not oftentimes put a rein upon our 
rash and impetuous speech? Would we carry 
in our hearts the miserable suspicions and jeal- 
ousies that now so often embitter the fountain 
of our loves? Would we be so impatient of the 
faults of others? Would we allow trivial misun- 
derstandings to build up strong walls between 
us and those who ought to stand very close to 
us? Would we keep alive petty quarrels, year 
after year, which a manly word any day would 
compose? Would we pass neighbors or old 
friends on the street without recognition, be- 
cauaeofsome real orfancied slight, some wound- 
ing of pride, or some ancient grudge" Or would 
we be so chary of our kind words, our commen- 
dations, our sympathy, our comfort, when 
weary hearts all about us are breaking for just 
such expressions of interest or appreciation as 
we have in our power to give? — S. S. Times. 


SHE is truthful and honorable. She rever- 
ences her Maker and is a Christian. She 
has been improved by culture, has a good lit- 
erary education, and her household education is 
thorough. She kuows how to wallc, and holds 
herself erect. Ifshe is tall or short she is not 
ashamed of it. Her dress is always neat, sim- 
ple — never superfluous. She has good society 
manners, and behaves herself well in every 
place. She knows how to talk; alt her words 
are well chosen, and she never usea slang phra- 
ses iu her conversation. Our model lady may 
be rich or poor; she Ls prepared to fill any sta- 
tion in life; does not care for being called an 
old maid, and would not marry merely for a 
home or a name. The model lady makes the 
best of liei-aelf and her situation. She is a bless- 
ing wherever she goes, and God will bless hi 
iu this world and prepare her for a better 
world. — Sel. 

0nit giM^ |faas. 

The Worth of Truth no Tm()ue Can Tell' 


SCHOOL children have their troubles as well 
as older people. Within recent times, 
however, the rigid rules of ,'chool government 
that once prevailed have been somewhat mcdi- 
fied, with advantage to both teacher and pupil, 
Chicago, we believe, waa the first considerable 
city to abolish corporal punishment in the pub- 
lic schools, and her example has been followed 
to a great extent all over the country. In plac* 
of flogging, certain moral restraints and pun- 
ishments are imposed, expulsion from school; 
being the extreme limit of the teacher'a power 
This change of discipline in the public school 
is another indication of the growing sentiment 
of humanity. The power of physical punish 
ment has been frequently abused by hasty and 
passionate teachers, in many cases with po.- itive 

Xliis department is designed for asking and an- 
iwering questions, drawn from the Bible. In or- 
der to promote the Truth, all (jueations should be 
brief, and clothed in simple language. We shall 
dsaign ipiestions to our coutributors to answer, 
but this does not exclude any others writing upou 
the same topic. 

Will some one please explain Matt. 11 : 23 and 24 V 
'And thou Capernaumwhich art exalted unto 
heaven Shalt be brought down to hell, fur if the 
mighty works which have been done in thee b.^d 
been done in Sodom, it would have remained until 
this day. But I say unto you that it shall he more 
tolerable for the laud of Sodom in the day of judg- 
ment than for thee." Lvdia Febxeb. 


Will you please explain, through the columns of 
your paper, why Easter Sunday does not come on 
the same day of the mouth each yeari' 

RiTii A. Willis. 

THE word Easter is derived from 0=tera, the 
goddess of Spring, whose festival occurred 
about the same time as Easter. The early 
Christians maintained that this day should be 
celebrated in commemoration of Christ's resur- 
rection. After much coutroveary, the matter 
was decided at thejcouncii of Nice, A. D. 325, 
that Easter should occur ou the fir^t Snnday 
after the first full moon after March 21sf. 
This accounts for the change. This year the 
first full moon is five days after March iilst, or 
on the -iSth d«y, and an the 2Sth is the first 
Suiidaij after this full moon, it is Easter Sun- 
day. Eas'er may come as early as March Hind. 
or as lats as April i»5th. If the first full moon 
after March 21at, were April 20, then April 
25th would be Easter Sunday. 

Some curious customs are in vogue in ditfer- 
ent parts of Christendom in respect to Easter. 
In Russia, among tbe Sreeke, Christians ealnte 

each other with a kiss aud the words, "Christ 
is risen." aud the response is, "Ho is ri.«i>« in- 
deed." In other countries, presouta of colored 
eggs are made to children, and with regret we 
aay parents who pHd-'ss to be very truthful 
will do this aud tell their children that they 
arw rabbit egga. Such deceptina should bw de- 
nounced in strong terms from every pulpit iu 
tbe laud. Qifta are all right, but theni is no 
d 'ifflntwining falsehoods around them. We 
have more than answered your queation, but 
we iliKiight it an excell-iit opportunity to lot 
a liitle light shin.' on tl^> 1, ,!.a -d" dn^t^iving 
children. u. m. E. 


IN No. 4, of B. AT W. you deaire nu answer 
to the charge against the Brethren for 
neglecting to obey the Bible in not assist- 
ing their ministers as the Bible requires. We 
are not ignorant of the teaching of the Bible 
concerning the matter. Both Jesus and Paul 
taught that the laborer is worthy of hia hire or 
reward. See Luke 10: 7, 1 Tim. 5: 18. That 
the Lord ordained that those who preach the 
Gospel should live of the Gospel, the sinne as 
those who served the temple lived of the tem- 
ple, as taught in 1 Cor. il: li, it would be folly 
to deny. That I'uul and Barnabas had the 
powt-r or right to forbear working ot Corinth 
is ef|ually clear from the same chapter; mver- 
tlieless Paul did, while at Corinth, choose to 
labor some with his own hands and' thus partly 
earned his own living, aud what ho lackfd the 
brethren from Macedonia supplied. He even 
robbed other churches, taking wages of them to 
do the Corinthians service. (2 Cor. 8. 9) This 
he did because they w> re out of order and there- 
fore needed help and correct teaching, which 
he, as a faithful overseer of the HocK, sought to 
supply though it required his own labor, the 
helpof the brethren from Macedonia, and Ijhe 
taking of wages from other working church- 
es, bi'jond their ability to do it. They must 
not be allowed to go to destruction, but must 
be (aught and helped. Paul, ai a faithful teach- 
er, points out to them their lack in neglecting 
to support the ministry. In his first letter to 
them, chapter 9 and 17 and in the 11th chap- 
ter he seta h«fore them other points in which 
they lacked. Are there brethren anywhere 
who think they have done their whole duty to- 
wards preaching the Gospel iu all the world by 
casting a vote for a brother or brethren to the 
ministry and wilufsi them installed into ofBce 
and after that can sit with hands quietly folded 
and say they are now to go to lliu warfare at 
their own charges? Are now to feed the Hock 
hut must not eat of the milk of the Mock? Then 
thi'y need an Aquilla and Priscilla to expound 
unto them the way of tbe Lord more perfectly, 
or a Paul to point out to them their lack, and 
thus raise them to a higher standard of life in 
Christ, even if it must he donn at their own 
expense, by the lielp of the brethren of Mace- 
donia, or by robbing other churches by taking 
wages of them to do it. It must be done. They 
must he taught the way of God more perfectly. 
It may be that miniatera in our Fraternity 
have shunned to declare the whole counsel of 
God on this point, and are therefore to blame. — 
It may be just to charge some of our brethren 
with neglecting to obey the Bibletn this, hut is 
by no means just to charge all our brethren 
and sisters thus, for we have many noble-heart>' 
ed brethren and sisters who r<-ad the Bible for 
themselves, and who are not satisfied with 
merely seeing brethren elpcted to the mini-ilry 
aud ordered by the church to preach the Gos- 
pel, but stand nobly by them and assist them 
in supporting their families, and in every way 
possible, givtngthem that hearty sympathy and 
encouragement needed in preaching the Gospel 
successfully, and in so doing find themaelves 
richly rewarded by finding corresponding 
growth in grace and knowledge of the truth 
Both in themselves and others. 

Daniel Vanihak. 


T.4KE some acrajia from tii" one Best Book; 
weigh them thoroughly; then divide them 
into three parts, fr»r more dividing is generally 
thought to crumble too much. Work these 
well, aud handle them neatly, but neith 
mince nor chop them. Season the whole with 
a doe proportion of salt (Col. 4: 6.) put in noth- 
ing that is too hard or difiicult to digest, but let 
it all be clear und candid. It should have some 
fire, as that will raise it and prevent it trom get- 
ting heavy. Vou may garnish it with a few 
jewels, but not too thick so a3 to hide the sub- 
stance. Take care that it be not an overdose, 
for as it is the last thing serred up it should be 
inviting or the company will not partake of it. 
In extreme cold weather it should be done in 
twenty minulj>s; in more temperate weather, it 
may take half an hour. If it is done in fifteen 
minutes it will be fit for a king. I have used 
this recipe more or less for forty year*, aud I 
can safely recommend it. and I now send it 

along with 5 for the B. AT W. 


February 1 7 

'±'ME "BltKTKCl-iJ^iN' ^VT "W^OKIC 




I^rom Ui» "OhrijrUiui SunrUrt" tj (pocUl AmoB'HnoLl 

ON leaving Ml H«rmon, our next objective 
jioiiit was DamaseuR. Stiirliiig ("nun 
Ri^heja on the nioniiuy ol' June 20, we mdv 
in ouf (lay t'l M-jiilen, a l^tiltioa ou the turn- 
pike from Beirut to Dumuscua, distant from 
the latter city about twelve miles. Here we 
struck tlie first good urtificial road which we 
had seen in Syria; and, indeed,it is the only oof 
ill«rn Asia. I will t^ive aomo account nf 
it hereafter. Our camp was pitched by thn 
Bide of a fine sprinfe which bursts forth from 
under the embaukment ol the turnpike, and 
near by, along the bauk of the stream which 
ran from the epring, there waa a little grove oC 
poplar treea, uud-r whose shade we enjoyed a 
ret'fshing neat. It was refreshing, too, to see 
wagons and carriages passing along the turn- 
pike, and especially so to hear the horn of the 
stage-driver as he approached the station, and 
to ^ee the large diligence drawn by six horses, 
dash up to the stable, change horses, and dash 
away again. It reminded me of scenes often 
witnes.-*ed in the West, and it made u^ feel as if 
we were once niore within the region of civilis- 
ation. Our route the next day lay along this 
turnpike, and we were annoyed no little by 
the foolishness of our horses. 1 suppose they 
bad seldom or never seen a wagou or a carriage 
before, ami they were poiitiv.^iy afraid of them. 
My horse, in spite of my utmost effort'* to con- 
trol him, wi^uld shy oil' to the edge oi' the 
road, every time we met a vehicle. Tiie sight 
of these of civilized life was as 
strange to him as it was familiar to me. 

We were traversing the elevated valley which 
lies between the L>5bauon and the Anti-Leba- 
non mountains. The former range lies along 
the entire sen-co.\st from Sidon northward, 
while the latter, with a valley from eight to 
ten miles wide between the twj, lies along the 
border of the great Arabian desert. The south- 
ern extremity of the letter range, and its high- 
est elevation, is Mt. llermon. This mountain 
extends about twenty .niles northward, and be- 
yond it the range gradually descends until it 
approaches the Euphrates, gwtiere it reaches 
the level of the desert. Across this mountain 
range we had to make our way in approaching 
Damascus, and as we rode for miles with its 
unbroken wall before ua, fle felt interest-ed to 
see how a passage would be eflected. At last 
we entered upon a straight stretch of the turn- 
pike which seemed to terminate against the 
base of the mountain; but on nearing the 
mountain a narrow, winding gap opened be- 
fore us, whose bed was filled with the verdure 
of silver poplars, and sparkling with the brigiit 
waters of a little stream. No one who has not 
ridden for many days under a scorching sun, 
with the glare of bare rocks or of a desert 
plain in his face, can realize how refreshing it 
was to ride under the shade of those overhang- 
ing trees and listen to the constant murmur- 
ing of that little stream. 

We had not ridden far before the rippling 
rivulet crossed our road and emptied its waters 
into a swift rolling river, and we found our- 
selves ou the right bank of the famous Ahana 
of scripture, called the Barada by the Arabs. 
The valley through which it flows is as narrow 
as the one by which we had approached it, be- 
ing oft«n uot more than one hundred yards 
wide, while a naked mountain wall several 
hundred feet high rises above it on either hand. 
By this pass the Abana makes its way through 
the mountains. Its descent is very rapid, and 
its current remarkably swift, but so few are 
the obstructions in its bed that it rolls on in 
silence, and one might ride along its bank in 
the night and hear scarcely a sound to indi- 
cate its presence. It passes trom side to side 
of its narrow valley and we crossed it frequent- 
ly on well constructed stone bridges. We no- 
ticed, too, that iu many places the side of the 
road was guarded against it by walls of wood 
or stone, lest, in high wat«r, it should wash 
the road away, Tl(e growth along its banks is 
almost exclusively the silver pop'ar, wliicb is 
planted in clumps and made to grow tall and 
slim iu order to furnish long poles rather than 
heavy timber. Occasionally, however, we saw 
grovfs of apricots nnd a few other fruit trees. 

Before we passed through the mountains we 
noticed that the river was much reduced in 
size, and that fully half of its water was drawn 
into an artificial channel which is carried 
alon;4 the side of the mountain on our lef>. 
Having a more gradual descent than the bed 
of the river, this artificial channel hnally gain- 
ed an ascent of thirty or forty feet abore our 
road, and occasionally a little stream was allow- 

e I to escape from its side to water a narrow 
girden along the hillside, or to ripple through 
the beautilul grounds ot dwellings which be- 
gnn to appear a-i we advanced. 

Finally, the mountain gap through which 
we had ridd-a for ab>ut six miies, open- 
e<i upon a biuudless pUtu, and a half di'zen 
lall minarets stood b-fore u?, rising high above 
Ihe iinerveuing fruit gardens, and dccldriug 
tliut Damascus was at hand. As we approach- 
ed the city we passed, on our leH, well con- 
i*truct';d buildings surrounded by ample 
grounds and shade trees, the barracks and hos- 
pitals of the Turkish garrison, llichly dressed 
ofliLcrs on handsome horses were going and 
coming. On our right and across the river 
from us, lay a smooth lawn on which the dy- 
ers of the city spread carpets and other goods, 
and were sprinkling them with water from the 
river. This lawn extends to the wall of the 
city, and the 6rst building within the wall at 
that point is a vast moaque covering eight or 
ten acres of ground. It belongs to the howl- 
ing Dervishes, a fanatical order of Mohammed- 
ans, correspandiug to the monks of the Ro- 
man Catholic Church. It was once a magnifi- 
cent suite of buildings, as its many domes and 
mioarees still declare; but like the order to 
which it belongs, it is now in a state of ruin. 

Passing into £he city along the bank of the 
river, and then turning a tittle to the left, we 
baited before a door in a high wall which rose 
abruptly from the side of the street, and were 
told that this was our hotel. We bad decided 
to occupy the hotel instead of our tent-s, dur- 
ing our stay iu Damascus, The door was a 
large and heavy one, about eight feet wide, 
twelve feet high, and three inches tliiek. We 
expected to see it thrown open to admit us, 
and thought it likely that we could ride 
through it into an inner court. But we were 
requested to dismount; a little door about four 
feet high and two fett wide cut thmugh the 
large door was thrown open, and we entered 
one at a time. We bad to stoop to get iu. 
The little door reminded nie of cat holes that 
I have seen through the bottom of cabin doors, 
by which the eat could go iu and out when the 
door was shut. I afterward saw many of them 
in Damascus, and some in other cities of the 
ea^t. After passing through the cat hole, we 
found ourselves in a small court, about twenty 
feet square, its floor paved with marble, a cir- 
cular fountain in the center, a tall lemon tree, 
covered with yellow fruit, growing near the 
fountain, two or three doors of apartments oc- 
cupied by servants opening through a wall 
leading into an inner and larger court, aod he- 
fore us an arched opening through a wpU lead- 
ing into an inner and larger court. We passed 
into the latter and found it about sixty feet 
square. A marble tauk thirty feet long, ten 
feet wide, three feet deep, and rising about 
twenty inches above the pavement, occupied a 
position in the center of the court. It was kept 
full of water hy a stream constantly pouring 
into it from a metallic pipe, while the water 
rau ofl' through another pipe underground. 
Lemon and orauge trees were scattered about 
the court, and the doors of the surrounding 
apartments of the hotel opened into it. Ou 
entering the apartments, we found the floors 
all laid with stones, tiles, or cement, and cov-. 
ered with pieces of thick Turkish carpet, laid 
loose upjn them. The furniture wasEuropeau. 
Such is the style of all the large houses in 
Damascus, varying only iu the costliness of the 
material, and the gorgeousness of the orna- 
mentation. A few houses belonging to Jews 
of enormous wealth, are so splendidly furnish- 
ed and so gorgeously ornamented as to remind 
one of the splendor characteristic of Arabian 
and Moorish palaces when Mohammedanism 
was in the hight of its glory. We found the 
hotel a comfortable and pleasant abode during 
■ the four days of our stay in the city. It is call 
I'd the Dimirri Hotel, from the name of the 
first proprietor, and it is now kept by his \viA- 
ow. It is the only hotel in a city of 110,000 
inhabitants, and it owes its existence to the 
visits of Europeans. 

The objects in Damascus which most inter- 
est the tourist are the bazaars, the ancient 
mosque, and the street called Straight. The 
b;i7.;iar< are on'y a ri'petition, on a larger scaK 
of tho.-e which we had seen in every city of 
Palestine. They are little stores, eight or ten 
feet square, with the front entirely open to tht 
street. A large wooden door, made of severrtl 
separate shutters, closes it at night, and is put 
out out of sight during the day. The goods 
are packed on shelves around the ether thiee 
sides of the little room, and the dealer sits ou a 
rug in thb middle of the fioor. If business is 
dull he goes to sleep, or visits some of the ad- 
joining shops to chat with his neighbors. He 
always asks you about three prices for his goods, 
and expects you to quarrel wilh him loud and 

long in making a bargiin. After oflVring him 

the most that you are willing to give, which 
he most positively refusrs to take, you walk 
away; but before you get out of sight, he calls 
to you, or runs aftor you, to say that he will 
take it. If he takes your offer without this 
ado, you may be sure you have puid too much. 

The shops of the blacksmiths, coppersmiths, 
carpent-rs, etc., are constructed after the same 
model as those of th" merchants; and the 
workmen always remain seated, except when 
the kind of work they are doing compels them 
to stand. I have seen blacksmiths seated ou 
the ground and hammering away at their an- 

The old mosque, once a heathen temple, then 
reconstructed into an immense Christian 
church, and afterward remodbled into a Mo- 
hammedan mosque, is in a good state of preser- 
vaton; but there is less sanctity attached to it 
than in former years. We had to leave our 
boots at the door, but were allowed to walk 
through it in slippers. We saw men asleep on 
the floor, and others ivere laughing and talking, 
while some were peddling little things to eat. 
Few if any, were going through the loug osteu- 
tatious formula of Mohammedau prayers. We 
ascended one of the three minarets which rise 
from three corners ol the mosque, and oht;iined 
from its lofty balcony a complet« view of the 
City. The walla of dingy limestone, unrelieved 
by woodwork of auy kind,and the flat, cemeut- 
eii roofs of the housep, presented that same dull 
appearance with which we had been familiar 
in looking at Jerusalem from the Mount of 
Olives. The only relief to the eye was the 
minarette and domes rising from many mosques 
in the green trees filling the ini-erior courts of 
the larger houses, and the rich verdure of the' 
poplar trees and fruit orchards which surround 
the city ou every side. Beyond these, the brown 
mountains on the north and west, and the yel- 
low desert on the south, added a somber variety 
to the landscape. 

We found, in the structure ol the houses of 
the city, an explanation of the careful rearing 
of tall poplars which we had observed, and of 
the abseuce from the poplar groves of any trees 
large enough for the saw mill. The roofs and 
floors of the houses, are supported, not by joists 
of sawed timber, but by naked poplar poles laid 
close together. This leads to the cutting of the 
young trees as soon as they are large enough 
and tall enough for this purpose. There are 
no saw mills iu this country, and the only 
plank used is brought, at great exp^^nse from 
■ lie ports of Russia on the Black, Sea, 

The street called Straight, in which Saul of 
Tarsus spent three days in fasting and prayer, 
and where he was found hy Ananii^, runs en- 
tirely through the city from east to west, and 
is about a mile long. It has five slight crooks 
in it and would not be called a straight street 
in Philadelphia; but in Damascus it is remark- 
ably straight, for it is the only one in which 
you eau see a hundred jards before you. A fire 
had recently swept al'?ng one side of it for a 
considerable distance, destroying the silk ba- 
zaar, and compelling the dealers in silk to find 
temporary quarters elsewhere. The hand- 
made silk of Damascus, much of it interwoven 
with threads of gold and silver, is very rich, 
serviceable and cheap. 

The eastern end of Straight Street passes 
through the Christian quarter, and there you 
are shown the house of Ananias (?) the man 
who haptixed Saul of Tarsus. This quarter of 
the city was burned to the ground in 1860, 
during the massacre of Christians in Syria, 
and 6,000 of the inhabitants butchered in cold 
blood. Our local guide, who showed us about 
tbecity, was then a hoy, and he barely escaped 
with his life, nearly all of bis relatives bein" 
involved iu the slaughter. The French army 
of 10,000 men, which marched to Damascus, 
and hung and beheaded many of the leaders of 
the persecution, taught the fanatical Moham- 
medan population. As we were stepping over 
the countless dogs that lay asleep in the streets, 
and occasionally kicking one to make him get 
out of the way, with no other result than to 
have him look up at us, merely to see who was 
disturbing him, I asked Michael, our guide, 
why the authorities did not have these dogs 
Ui'nned out by killing some of them. He an- 
swered: "That would be a great sin. It is all 
right to kill a Christian, but a great sin to kill 
a dog." I asked him what should be done if I 
killed one of them; and he said I would he ar 
rested and brought before the city courts. The 
lives of both dogs and cats are held sacred hy 
the Moslem. 

Another proof of the b'gotry prevalent here 
was given me by Mr. Philips, an Irish Pres- 
byterian missionary in the city. He said that 
if a Mohammedan deserts hLi religion and be- 
comes a Christian, it is held to be the duty of 
other Mobammedaos to kill him, A few years 

ago. one of them became a cmvert to the 
Protestant faith, and afu-r lleeiug frum the 
city twice to escape plote that wore laid to a*, 
sasinate him, and making preparations to flee 
a third lime, he wasibund, one morning, hung 
in the mosque, near the tmih in which Joha 
the Baptist's head is said to he buried. I'hB 
tomb is the handsomest thing iu the mosque, 
and the tradition that Jolui'^ head is buried 
there, has c.mio down, ( suppose from the 
time that the UKuque was a Curistian church. 
When the guardians of the mosque were onllej 
upon to give an account of the hanging, they 
answered, that the man was htn^ bij John the 
Baptist, and this answer was so aatwiactory to 
the city authorities, thivt no further etf.rtwM 
made to detect the murderera. From this the 
reader can form some idea of the obstiicle in 
the way ol missionary work iu Mohaiumedun 
couutnes. J. ^V. UcO.VKVEy, 


From Elk Lick, Pennsylvania. 

Dmr Brdhreu: — 

11HE long looked for snow came at biat. We 
have fine sleighing, and roads excel- 
lent; weather cold. Diphtheria has abatedl 
have but one case in our village. 

At a council held in our congregation Jan. 
3l3t nt D»le View, it was decided to build a 
meeting-house iu that part of the district, of ft 
suitable size to hold communion meeting in, 
for the convenieuce of the ugf-d and infirm' 
and all who will serve the Lord. By the 
amount subscribed that day, we think it will 
he a success. *A house is much needed there, 
as the school-house in which we have wor- 
shipped is unfit and rather small. We hope to 
bave Brother Jesse Calvert here shortly to 
hold a protracted meeting for us, (a good time 
now) and hope his health and strength will 
hold out to enable him to come, as his eervicee 
are much appreciated here. The Lord has 
been good to us iu this part of his vineyard. 
While many have been called to eternity with 
the plague so prevalent everywhere, we have ■ 
lost none out of the church or of our families, ■ 
The Lord has been truly g.ioj. Blessed he the ■ 
name of the Lord. Amen. 

S C. Keim. 

From Pine Creek, Indiana. 

Dear BMhren :— 

HOME niinist^rB commenced a meeting at 
the East Meeting-house, January 17th, 
and continued until the 28th. Sixteen receiv- 
ed by baptism. Closed our meetings with in- 
dications of a glorious ingathering in the '■ 
future— lorty-seven received by baptism dur- 
ing the month of January, and it seems a3 
though our labors were just begun. May the 
Lord be with ns and all of his children, that 
we may neither get proud nor feel richer and 
become selfish; for where these rule, churches 
go ^'^'■"a. Jacob Hi r,nF!i brand. 

Prom Landon Wcat. 

De'ir Brethren :~ 

I HAVE been here for some days, and having 
good meetings. The weather has been 
quite favorable, and the attendance very good, 
with very good feeling. All are very kind, 
and seem to put more value on the Word of 
Truth, the more they hear of it. 

We here await the coming of Brother Hixon, 
who was to attend as throngh the valley, but 
who. by labors in other parts, has been delay- 

There have been some things to excite the 
feelings of our brethren through.iut this valley, 
hut we believe quite all take a projier view of 
the situation, and so let none of these thinga 
move them. When our faith is once fixed In 
the Son of God, mere rumors do not shake it. 
The Lord bless our Brotherhood. 

Zimmenitiin, Ohio. 

From Cornell, Illinois. 

Dear Brethren: — 

BROTHER James R. Giah came to oa Jan. 
SDth, to hold a series of meetinga; preach- 
ed two sermons, and took sick. He starts home 
today, being very unwell. Hope the Lord 
will blese his efi'ort ia trying to build us up. 
May more of our dear brethren do as much. 

Reading and writing are a great hleasing. 

TTtn: jaKj±;a.ti-Kii:Jsr j^t \vokic. 

Februarv- 17 

(0os|t^T ^occcss. 

Awn tlipv that be wise ahall shine as the 
brfg^neM or the flrmament; and they that turn 
ffhfy "frigbt^ouaneaa. aa the atara forever and 
•wr.— Dan. 12:3. 

Somerset, Pa.-Doring my last tnp seveu- 
teeo were addwl to the church by baptiain.— 
Hope they mny prove faithful and at last ob- 
taiu the crown. Silas Hoover. 

ASllene, Kansas— Had two additions by bap- 
tism on Sunday, Feb. Ist. Both 6iBt«r» and 
heads of faniilies. More say they will soon be 
ready. May God grant them his grace is my 
pruyer. John Forney. S>3i. 

East Conemaagh. Pa— Bro. D F. Ramsey of 
our own congrfgatiou ha^ been laboring for us 
about two weeks on G.ffiin Hill, one of our 
home dppoiutraents. Nineteen were added by 
baptism and one reclaimed. Meeting still in 
progress with good prospects. Our home min- 
isters hav^ our sincere thanks for assistance 
rendered. S.J. Giffin. 

Waynesboro, Pa.— Twenty- one souls have 
bet^n added to the cliuroh here since New Year's 
day. Thoutih mostly young in veara, may they 
early learn to grow in grace and always be wil- 
ling to perform the various ChristisD duties 
they may be called unto. Their work is juat 
begun. May they become shining lights in 
the Church showing forth a life like that of 
Jesus— "holy,harmless, undefiled, separate from 

Later — At our council meeting, (Jan. 29th,) 
one wivs reclaimtf-d who was out of the churcli 
filt-en years; awnkened to duty by the death ot 
fl daughter some time ago. On Sabbath last 
anolh'r (young bdy was bnptized. May thi 
Lord grant sinter Miiggie precious grace. 

D. B. Mgntzeb, 

ih-e read and explained. Ev^ry Thursday 
ling we have a anciiil and pravr nieetinsi: 
here paaaages of Scripture are read and com 
minted on. These meetings are indeed rich 
means of grac«. To us the time seems long 
from one to the other, and we hail their return 
with joy. And last, but not least, are our chap- 
el services every morning. These eierci5es are 
conduct'-d by brother St«in, and are indepd n 
j^ource of mental and moral improvement. We 
are taught that the leaves of the Tree of Life 
are for the healing of the nations. Our broth- 
►t's aptness in selecting each morning a leal 
just suilt d to the time and the occasion, show^ 
how weli he understHnds the sanative power of 
these leaves. Ejch morning a freshly-cuUed 
hoquet, all cpirkling with the dews of heaven, 
is presented to us, and its rich fragrance fills 
our souls and strengthens us for the labors of 
the day. These exercises consist of singing, 
readiug of the Scriptures, accompanied with 
appropriate remarks by brother Stein. These 
remarks are designed to enforce some precious 
truth, as an admonition, or encnuragement to 
virtue. Sometimes a truth is illu:itrated by 
some beaotiful anecdote. These services are 
rich and varied, and we do not see how stii. 
deiiU who are ble-sed with such wholesome 
instructions every morning can lit-lp becomirg 
wiser and better. After the reading n fervent 
prayer is olfered by our dear brother. That 
these prayers will be answered, and that God's 
blessing will crown our institution we feel con- 
fident, for the fervent, eifr-ctual prayers of si 
righteous man availeth much. 

Mattie a, Lear. 

From Salem, Oregon. 

WE had quite a storm here on the 9th of 
Jantmry, The velocity of the wind wan 
?Qid to be 50 railed an hour, and in places it 
wa<i more than that. In certain localities il 
unrooted some buildings, others were blown 
diiwn and a great amount of timber and fencing. 
In our neighborhood not so much damage was 
dune: blew down about all the fences running 
east and west. We have more wind, rain and 
snow than usual, and more diseases than I ever 
knew of hero, but mostly of a mild form. 

SpiriiuftUy, we are getting along peaceably, 
The members are generally in love aud union, 
but still the enemy is trying to mar our peace. 
There seems to be a growing interest in our 
doctrine. Our ministerial force is still entirely 
too small for the demand for preaching. Souls 
are starving here for the Bread of Life. Who 
will come and help ua carry out the commission? 
Our country is good enough, who will comeV 
David Bkoweil 

f an.jn |^ali;i>p. 

* dif In U* Lord.— B*>. It ; IX 

IbilQuici should bo brief, wriUen od bul odd «ldo of 
ptpcr, ud eapuite from tl\ oiber bnitneu. 

From the Limestone Church, Kansas, 

BRO. Jonathan Lichty came to fhis arm ol 
the church on the Slst of January and j 
preached the word with great power which h^d 
effect on saint and sinner, but on account of 
the school-house beiug occupied, oor meetings 
had to be moved from place to pliice, couse- 
queutly not the good done that would have 
been had we concentrated our ttforts. 

On the 28th, the church met in council. Kl- 
derrt Lichty and Ives were present. We held a 
choice for two ministers aud two deacons. Bro. 
Muutgomery was advanced in the ministry- 
After our labors were over and we were at the 
house of brother Gish, at 9 o'clock at night one 
of the neighbors came aud desirtd baptism. 
The brethren called a meeting at 11 a. u. at the 
houMC of brother Gish, where brother Lichty 
preached a good sermon, aud one more was 
made willing to come out on the Lord's side. 
Others were powerfully convinced. Brethren 
aud sisters, pray that these who are almost 
perdUrided may not grieve the holy spirit away, 
but come now and serve the Lord. Aud pray 
for those who have been chosen to the ministry 
to labor in the Lord's vin-yard. The harvest is 
great and the laborers few here, and we send a 
M.icedouian cry, Come over from the East and 
help us. May God bless brother Lichty and 
his labors, and may be come again, ia the uni- 
ted prayer of all. 

Our beloved minister, A. F. Deeter, la on the 
bed of ailliction and could not attend our meet- 
ings. Brother Jacob Shuler buried his wife 
and a sister during the time, so they were min- 
gled with a great deal of grief as well as joy. 
Yours in Christ, A. W. Austin. 

From Mount Morris College. 

AS we sometimes get letters inquiring about 
our school we will give a description 
through the B, at W. The question is some- 
times asked whether we think the influence 
exerted here is conducive to the spiritual inter- 
ests of our young members, and what our edu- 
citional facilities are. As to the latter, I think 
our college will rank as high as any other of iis 
kind in th- land, and as to the former, I doubt 
it our young members could be situated more 
favorably as regards their spiritual wants. The 
m'tral aud religious influences that are exerted 
here must commend thescboolto every enlight- 
ened Christian. 

The three brethren who constitute the Board 
of Managers, Sti*in, Miller and Newcomer, are 
high-toned, pure-minded Christians, aud men 
who are an honor to the Church. We have 
public preaching in the chapel every Lord's 
day, alternating one Sabbath in the morning, 
the next in the evening. Every Sabbath after- 
noon we have a Bible-class where the Scriptr 

From Huntingdon, Pa. 

ON last Saturday evening we met in the 
Normal chapel for Bible-class. The t-tu- 
iJeuts, were all present except those who had 
gone to their homes. Nearly all tnke au active 
interest in the Bible exercises, which we are 
glad to notice. The serviu-es are opened with 
singing aud prayer, alter which is roll-call As 
the names are called, our teacher n qutsts us to 
repeats verse of Scripture, whatever niity sug- 
gest i(si.-lf, which I thiuK' is very good aii.l 
appropriate. It is quite interesting to listen ti- 
diUVrdnt Scriptures giveu. They reveal Ic 
iome extent, the thought-s of the persons who 
repeat them. They are their favorite passages 
of Scriqture, for while a/i Scripture is dear to 
us, there are certain parts that impress us mor.; 
deeply than others. The mt-st of those who 
repeat Scripture exhibit a degree of intelligence 
in their selections, as they are very appropriate 
and suggestive. I feel like encouraging Ihi^ 
feature in Bible classes. During the evening 
two essays were read, one from the subject, 
Fear the Lord and keep His commandments," 
and another, "The Journey of Life." They 
contained good thoughts and were listened to 
with interest. 

On Sabbath morning we met for Sabbath- 
school. The usual number was present and we 
had au instructive lesson from the subject, 
"The Truly Righteous." After school, brother 
Quiuter addressed us from 1 Tim. 5:24.25, and 
in the evening brother U. B. Brumbaugh 
preached from Matt. 10: 211. May these season- 
of worship improve us spiritually; may they 
bring about in us a higher degree of holiness, 
increase our piety, aud strengthen our zeal for 
the Master's cause. We notice that in many 
places the people of God are laboring to beccme 
better, aud to benetit those around them. They 
say, "Remember us in your prayers,'" Breth- 
und sisters, much is accomplished through 
the prayers of the righteous, and when such 
renuests are made, they should not be forgotten . 
We try to remember the ministers, and the 
labors of the brethren and si&ters, when we 
pray, aud we hope you remember us. 

Ella J. BKUMUAueB. 

From Sterling, 111. 

ENCLOSED please find ?2to pay my account 
wilhyou. I should have sent it long ago, 
hut [ have no excuse but poverty. I am not a 
member of any church. They s^y I was bap- 
tized when an iufiut, but common sense ha^ 
taught me that that makes no one a member of 
the Church of Christ. I have read every num- 
ber of your valuable paper with interest, and 
placed them on file for reference. I believe the 
Breihren are nearer Hie true Church than any 
ither. I am sorry there is no preaching in 
Sterling any more, but hope the time will come 
when the ministers of the Brethren will come 
and preach for ui, not in a little isolated hall iu 
the outskirts ol the city, but in the midst of the 
thoroughfare in a hall large enough to hold 
thousands, that the aristocraMc professors (if 
;ioo of this city might learn to respect their 
Maker and fellow-men out ot love and fear, 
uot only to profess because it has become fash- 
ionable. Heniiy S. Ho.kk. 

From White Rock, Kansas. 

ITYSELP and wife, accompanied by J. J 
i\X 1- i^hty, made n visit to the Limestone 
Church, wheru brother Lichty preached with 
er, and as usual, the nink'i of Satan were 
broken. Two souls couiessed Christ and were 
baptized. Brethren, think ho>v much good you 
may bo the means of doing by lending your aid. 
The same church met in council to elect some 
10 office. May God bless them that they may 
prove faithful in the discharge of their duties 
and at last obtain a crown of life. 

Geo. Detrick. 

From Turkey Creek Church Ind. 

BKO. Jacob Snell CiiUie to us January 24th, 
and brother John Metzler the 26th. Held 
our meeting in Nappanee in th« United Breth- 
ren home, — joatiiiued one week, then moved 
to Gravelton and had seven meetings. Brother 
Snell planted, brother Metzler watered, and the 
Lord gave the incr*'ase. Nine came out on the 
L'jrd's side, and we think many more were 
made to feel Ihe n-'.-d of a Savior. We think 
tlie word has been planted and will bring forth 
fruit. Danibl WysoNo. 

From Union Deposit, Pa. 

BROTHEll J. M, Mohler. of Lewiatowu, Pa., 
has just closed a series of discourses in 
this church. He was here two weeks and gave 
the Philistines a taste of Samson's jaw-bone 
massacre at Ramath-lehi. He is not afraid to 
rush with the vehemence of Divine authority 
on the beat panopled brigades of the devil. He 
was placed right in the heart of Pergamos, 
''where Satan's seat is," and the gales of hell 
trembled. Gideon's bariey cake tumbled into 
the camp of Midian. and there is an awful pan- 
ic. Man made, creed-supporting pastors are 
bnsy sewing fig-leaves for their naked, shiver- 
ing, deluded fellow-men whom brother Mohlev 
stripired of their priest-stitched vestments — 
Four were taken into the ark, and many more 
are interesting the cables of sectarianism. 

C. B. Balsbacqh. 

From New Enterprise, Pa. 

ON the evening of the 2l3t ot January, Bro. 
Jesse Calvert, of Warsaw, Indiana, com- 
ced a series of meetings, which closed on 
the Sth of February.— We had aglorious meet- 
ing and were made to rejoice in the God of our 
salvation. Brutlier Calvert preached the word 
with great zeal and earnestue^s, and shunned 
not to declare the whole counsel of God. Thir- 
ty-nine precious souls were added to the church. 
Let us give God the prai-e. 

Mii^BABL Kellsb. 

LEVEL.— In Johnson Co , Mo., Dec. 21t, 1879, 
si-ter M^ry J. Level, aged 3-t years, 9 mt-ntha. 
Funeral services by brethren S. S- Mohler 
and F. Gulp. 

OVEIiHOLTZEU,-In Whiteside Co., 111., 
Feb. 2iid, l^Su, Annie C, daughter of Jacob 
and Harriet OverlioUzer, aged 23 years, 10 
months and (i days. Funeral services by 
Tobias nnd Jacob L. Mvers. from Matt. 24: 
44. She was formerly from Pa. 
(F. C, please cof)^.) 

NICODEMAS.— In Somerset, Pn., Dec. 22nd 
Ty, Bister Polly Nicodemas, aged 74 years, 2 
months and 2S days, V. Blouqu. 

BAUMAN."In the Fairview Congregation, 
Appanoose Co., Iowa, Jan. 3Ist, 1S80, sister 
Fannie, wife of friend Wm. Bowman, nged 
24 years, 5 months and 15 days. Fniiernl 
services by the writer and brother Martin 
Iteplcgle to a large and Bympatbizing coii-" 

She came to the church last April, during 
brother D. B Gibson's labors; was sinking with 
Consumption at the lime of her haptism. She 
bore her afflictions with patience iind GhristioD 
resignation, giving evidence of being at peace 
with God. She looked forward with hope to 
the lime of her departure. 

CAYLOR. — Also in the same congregation, 
I'Vb, 4, 1880, Pearly U., infantson of brother 
Wm. and sister Mary A. Caylor, aged 1 
month and 9 days. Funeral occasion im- 
proved by the writer and brother Martin 
Jleplogle. Eld. Daniel Zook, 

TIIOMiS — Id the Black River Congregalion, 
VanBuren Co., Mich.. Jan. 25th, 1880, Elder 
Jacob Thomas, aged 70 yeara. Bro, Thomas 
suffered much during the last year, having 
cancer on the left hip, Fuueral preached by 
the writer from Job 14. Geo. Lono. 

SPREG.— Iu the Mineral Creek Cliurch, Mo., 
Dee. 13. '711, our beloved brother t. Spreg, 
aged 65 years. 
LIGHTNER.— Also Feb. 2. '80, our aiuch re- 
spected sister Sophia Llghtner, aged 611 years, 
11 mouths and 19 days. Funeral servicen by 
the brethren. 
NE3BITT, — In the bounds of the aftnift con- 
gregation, Feb. 5, 1880, J, A , son of brother 
Wm. Nesbitt, aged 19 years, S-raontha. 

BONEBRAKE.- In the bounds of the Antie- 
tam Congregation, Franklin Co., Pa., Dec. 1 
1S79, brother Henry Bonebrake, aged 81 
year^„4 months and 12 days. 
Brother B. was born July 9th, 1798, and was 
a member of alarge family. He was a member 
of the church for many years. All hischildreu 
are grown to maturity. He leaves an only 
daughter aud his third wife, a beloved sister, 
/.ealous aud true iu our faith. May the Lord 
bless her and be to her indeed the widow's God. 
The funeral service was held at the house, the 
text being these words: "Let me die the death 
of the righteous," &c. The remains were fol- 
lowed by a large procession of friends and neigh- 
bors to the family burying- ground on the 
f^ni. May he rest in hope of a blissful immor- 
tality. D. B. Mentzeb. 
[ I 'iiiilicalor pi- S'e copy ] 



We, the brethren and sisters of Swan Creek 
Church purpose holding a series of meetings, 
commencing February 2t3t, 1880. Brethren 
and sisters, come and bo with ua, especially 
ministers. We expect brother Jesse Calvert to 
be with us. D- Beuketbile. 

Delta, FuUo7i Co., Ohio. 

A Child Burned to Death. 

OM the 5th of February a little girl waspley- 
ing with tire and hi-r clothea caught and 
bnr led her so badly that she died in a few 
hours. This ought to be a warning to parents 
not to aufier Iheir (.hildren to play with fire. 

.1 printM. Uliulnui 

injiiialuj. Hiapls cspj HBt Ir» «a H 

Moore, Lanark, Carroll Co., IU- 

W. U. a. R. TIME TABLE. 

lAOAfh. SandAjiei»pt^, h 

TickiUusHiId rcir atdTainlD* oai* ^*i»aur Ulai aijilit tin* 
moHtlonilWaUniUnlDa JDHnltn. 3. K SUITtl. Acnl 

Pa-aieneTa for ('hicaffo should leave Lanark at 

^,i , [■ ^^ , nu: I'l til.' W.'slem Union .lunt-tion; 
. ,. •' ■ ' :■ 'ive minutes for the Clii- 

;uil passenger li 

, thes. 


1 ; go to Ft. Wayne de- 

riiiraf;", Milwaukee and St. PauJ 

u llie evening; run N'orth to the W. 

elMnpe cars for Lanark, and arriv 

□ the' morning. 

The Brethren At Work. 

*^]Jeclare Ye Ataoiuj the Nat'iojis, and Publish, and i 

a Standard; Publish, and Conceal iVo/." — Jeremiah 50: 

Vol. V. 

Lanark, 111., February 24, 880. 

No 8. 




8.T Dcstnntn. Dunliirk, Olilo. D. H. MooUor.WAjDmboro. Tn. 

B<ioebEb/.Una.III. Ouiltl VuIbub, VIkIdi. III. 

D. I!,011.0Ti, Kerlumo, Mp. .1 8. FJorjr, LonKmonl, Co:o, 

W.O.TiMUt,U(.MDiTi>.lll. Jobn M«U«>r. Ccrro Gotio, III. 

B.a.Muhlor, Cornelli, Mo 3m. Iknilrlolt - " " 

JohnWItc, MollwrrjOroio, III. D. Bnnmt, 8»tcni, Ori'n^n. 
J. W. SiKilbufd LlDulriTlLIc, IiiJ. 


FiTWT PAGE— To The Kditora of Llie B. at W. ; A 
I'luu lor tliolliglituoua Priutor; Stnndiug Coin- 
mltteo Work. 

SEOom> Page— Stein andHiiy Debate. 

Tmnu Page— A Few TInMigiita on Iiifldelily; 

llimlnincua to the Siircii-J of tliu Gospel; Success 

is all of Gotl: "lis J, be not iifraid"; A Prayer 

for ttie Times. 
FouKTu Page- EuiTOiiiALS— Tile The Design of 

Clu'ialiiiii Uublism; Tlie Splieie of the CIituTh 

FiKTii Page- Editouials- U'lnion on Feet- 
uashiug; Church History, 

Sixth Page— Sunbeams ; Hoe-h-iiille Medicine; 
Our FiUhor; Wealtli does nob lu'iug Happiness; 
Don't DnwillG. 

Seventh PAOE-From Paleslinu. J. W. ilcGnny ; 

liiblo Class. 
Eighth Paoi;— From the Churches. 



rpHEllE is no situation in lii'e exempt from 
X responsibility, toil and care. TLere is uo 
position free from the annoyances and pettj' 
vexations that checker the pathway of human 

We can not, if we would, escape these trials 
that meet lis nil, day by day, as we float down 
the stream of time. But human nature is rot 
always sntibfied with its lot, and heuce repining 
and diBcoutent, .and, as an inevitable result, 
unhappiness — where this state of mind obtaiii.=!. 

One of the peculiar phases ot the human 
mind is this; that men are prone to think their 
own particular lot the hardest, and to look upon 
the condition of others as far superior to their 
own. They exaggerate their own troubles, and 
under estimate the trials, cares and troubles of 
otlicrs. They think every situation in life 
smoother and easier than their own. One of 
the most common fallacies of thij sort, iii mod- 
ern times, is the idea, entertained by not a few 
that the editor of a religious paperhas about the 
easiest aud smoothest time of any that falls to 
the lot of man. The editor they regard as the 
lucky man who shall . 

•'Gi> carried to ihe ekicB 

Od floweiy oeds of puso, 
While Dlhers tighl It> rein tlie priie, 
Aud sail llirough bloady aeis." 

This is one of the grandest mistakes that 
could originate in the mind of man. People 
are, sometimes, unreasonable in their dem^ajds. 
And this often arises from ignorance of the 
facts in the case. As the writer hud cnnsidf-r- 
able experience in his "bright aud sunny youth" 
in the oflice of an editor, permit him to detail 
A few of the annoyances to which an editor is 

It was a part of the duties of the writer to 
keep the books of the office, take charge of the 
subscriptiou list, aud the Pack Books — the lat- 
ter containing the Post Office address of the 
subscribers, aud used in mailing the papers. 
Bushels of letters pa.ssed through my hands in 
the course of my official connection with the 
office (the paper being published in a city of 
lOO.OlX) inhabitants.) 

Annoyance Nu. 1 — [about every 3d mail.] 
V letter from after an hours puzzle we 

are utterly unable to say where — perhaps some 
little X road's Post Office — minus Uncle Sam'a 
official stamp — and iia locality indicated in a 
Birography that it would take the goggles of 
Joe Smith, or of a Philadelphia Lawyer to de- 
cipher — and the letter, after much labor thereon, 
rendoth "thusly." — Change my paper to Mace- 
donia, John Smith. State aud Couuty omitted. 

Now see the labor entailed on the unlucky 
editor by the stupidity of the aforesaid John 
Smith of Blank County and State. 

He must run over the whole subscription 
list, from A to Izzard in search of the abode of 
tlic terrible Smith. Think of that, in a laud 
aud people, beyond all others, of the Smiths 

Perhaps two or three houre are spent in this 
wretched business, and then with uncertain re- 

The wicked editor ivould cuss Smith all to 
pieces but the righteous onedaro not. Failing, 
aftJ?r fruitless hours, to respoml to the Macce- 
donian cry, the editor gives it up as a bad, jub 
aud then Smith gets mad and stops his paper. 

Annoyance No. 2 consists iu asking useless 
questions, and burdening the patient editor 
with numerous small individual commissions 
in the city: thus imposing upon him great loss 
of time, and an abundant amount of vexation, 
labor, and care! 

" — Please iucjuiie the price of so and so, and 
oblige, truly yours, etc.'' — 

'" — Please step into so and so's Commission 

Hon-if St. No. aud ask him to ship 

me a new sausage grinder." — 

" — Please send me, by returu mail. Elder 
Blank's late views on Public Debates, etc. 
etc. — " 

Many a weary tramp has the writer been 
compelled to take through sun-scorched alley 
and street, to answer these sel6sh demands and 
thus keep peace in the family. 

On one memorable occasion a letter with an 
enclosure was received to this eft'ect: — "Mister 

eddittur. I send $3. too for the herald, 

aud pleese send for 1 dolor 2 sam bux- Yoies, 
John Smith." 

The 'too dolors" were duly credited on the 
subscription account, hut what to do with the 
remainder was for along time the profoundest 
of human mysteries. My fir^t impulse was to 
go out and purchase a couple of saw bucks and 
send them by mail to the moral Smith, but after 
much decipheratiou, two Psalm Books were 

Annoyance No. 3 frequently comes in the 
shape of gratuitous advice as to the hest meth- 
ods of editing a paper, what ought to be put in 
the paper and what left out. One thinks your 
leadeiS are too grave, another too much given 
to levity, another kindly informs you the price 
of your paper is too high, and adyices a reduc- 
tion iu the tariff, darkly intimating that uul<;ss 
you comply, many ivill stop taking it. Then 
again, he will say that you are making too 
much moify out of your paptir, and are seeking 
popularity because perhaps you do not comf 
out loud in favor of some particular individual 
view. One will complain because you publish 
too much poetry in your columns, another that 
there is too little. 

One rrquires more secular news, another 
blows you up because you take any notice of 
worldly wants. 

Aud so the changes are luug by these Job's 
Comforters 'till che heart of the poor editor 
grows sick, and his brain weary in the vain 
effort to please the Protean Mind of hw pat- 
Strange notions people have of editorial lifr ! 
Nothing seems easier, in the minds of many. 
than editing a newspaper — especially a religions 
print!! And then it is such a lucrative business, 

Editors, we are told, live just like lighting 
cocka. Their very eyes stand out with fatness! 

They are clothed in fine linen aud faro sumptu- 
ously every day, and Sunday more so. 

Showers of good things arc daily rained upon 
their heads. An editor, according to the public 
view, is the Prince of Dead Beats. Nothing 
coats him anything! Whole bacon, hams and 
sacks of flour, mackerel kita and bags of dried 
apples appear responsive at his beck. 

Besides all this, look at the perquisites of an 
editor's position. 

Dead head tickets to all the shows, concerts, 
lectures, free rides on rail roads and sample 
copies of all the late books suthcient to make a 
snug, private library, all free of cost, or paid 
for in the easy way of a little puff in his paper 
Why its enough to make everyhody start a 

But I find that I am extending my remarks 
to ;i degree beyond tiie limits of prudence, and 
so, for the present, wilt bid your reiiders adieu, 
aud will reserve what I have yet to say on this 
subject, for some future time. 



LTh.>f,.llo«lDgnrtic1«BiwMnll»«rXr,. .13 «f Insl jcir 
wiuluucJ. WolUauKbllt kH^tuol [apubtiih lljutllhcn, bMauio ii 
mlglilnprcari™ pnraonnl— cia ii[ipl)lug OBlr lo Bto, li., aiiil lu, Wo 
iiaiVKKoltiinblkilr, licthiriag ihnt Id It an tiprrsi^d fcnilmMiU 
srhlcli mn)- prudt nil.— £d>.] 

ON page 5 of No. 43, is an editorial that con- 
cerns mepei-sonally, and incites to afrienld- 
ly response. I am not certain that 1 apprehend 
the true intent of the Caption — ''Treatiiienl ot 
Colli fihulvrs." It may mean your treatment of 
them, or their treatment of you. 

Motive is something tliat it is hardly safe to 
touch, save our own, which we cannot probe 
too deeply. The manner, the spirit, iu which a 
contributor receives the rejection ot an essay, 
reveals much. But the simple fact that he is 
sorry, or even hurt, is no evidence that he is 
either unchristian or uneducated. An article 
that may seem superficial and vapid to an edi- 
tor, may be the efflorescence of a long-opening 
liud of love to .Jesus and thp promotion of His 
Cause. The words may have trickled on paper 
slowly, as though coined out of drops of blood 
and tears. It may be the very, essence of the 
writer's life, and may be so deeply bis very self, 
that it would be strange if he could see it light' 
ly esteemed without a pang. No Christian con- 
tributor will be grieved on the ground of per- 
sonal nothingness, neither will he be "(//sconccr/- 
ed if his firficli's arc not published. " because he 
is "full of self CONFrOENCE AND SELF-DIPOHT- 
ENCE." But it is quite possible to be discon- 
certed for other reasons, if he has written in 
the simple love of truth and the consciousness 
ofDiviiie prompting. I do not refer to the 
wild speculations of theorists, who are so im- 
pelled by devotion to a hobby that they lose 
sight of the plainest facts and principles, but to 
such as confine themselves to the rigid philoso- 
phy of truth although it may lie far beneath 
the surface of the letter. The bisection of 
articles not over "a column and a half," or their 
committal to the flames, mav be wholly a mat- 
ter of indifierence, which would be very unpleas- 
ant to an antipodal nature not less intrinsically 
noble. It would be impossible for me to write 
for Jesus aud the nurture of souls for his eter- 
nal kiugdom with such an unglowing spirit as 
to enable me to say in truth, ^U/tfoitdo not Ulce 
it, please put it gently in the fire." What is 
wriiten withahigh aim, and a burning heart 
for the sovereignty of Kmmanue!, I would not 
like to have go to the flame, however geiilly. 
Tlie act it-elf would leave no room for the po 
rtry of its description. 

Vou say you h.ive only one specimen of the 
bad type of correspondents on hand at present. 
[ Cdn, no doubt, make a very fair gucsa aa to 
1 lie naughty com ri'uitor. He has the welfare 
of your periodical at heart, and warmly loves 
the editors, but has a peculiar horror of haviog 
ais articles bisected, or gently handed to the 

devouring element. Please refer his peculiari- 
ties to motives far out of the element of "self- 
confidence aud self-importance." 



BY experience, I, too, know something of tbo 
labors of the Standing Gommitlee, and 
have been laboring to lessen it, but hitherto 
have failed. Since Brother Moore has brought 
the subject before the readers of the B. AT W,, 
it affords me an opportunity to be heard,and will 
say, the plan suggested will not, and can not, 
remedy the case, for the simple reason, there is 
not, aud can not be much business before the 
Stauding Committee uutil the Annual Meeting 
is iu session. The Committee now meets on 
Monday to organize themselves into a working 
body, and to transact such buaini-ss us may 
have been committed to them. This consists 
of letters and petitions directed to the Standing 
Committee. Sometimes it i» voluminous, and 
at other times it amounts to but little. At the 
Annual Mi/uting of 1373. the Standing Com- 
mittee bad nothing to do hut to organise on 
Monday; but when tho meeting opened, then 
came the business, So it would be if the Com- 
mittee would meet on Thursday, Friday, and 
Saturday. It necessarily muct bo idle-till the 
busiups^ comes before the public meeting. Then 
it will be seen what an amount ot labor (he 
District Meetings have laid on the Standing 
Committee, and hnw many questions will be 
discussed until the brethren be perfectly at sea, 
and all are sick and tired of it, and to get rid of 
it, it is Dioved^ Meconded, aud passed, to refer it 
to the Standing Committee to frame an answer, 
S;c., &c. Then conies the labor, night sessions, 
and at last an hour or two stretched out on the 
floor with a little straw under yon to do the 
best you can. 

Brother Moore, I see but one remedy, aud 
that I have beeir laboring for in the Committee 
room for years; that is, give the Standing Com- 
mittee the priviligc, or authority, (I don't cure 
what it is called) to appoint sub-Qoiiinii.tee3'of 
three, five, or seven brethren to whom surplus 
business can beRuhmitted; and there are always 
enough of the intelligent and experienced who 
are comparatively idle,aud would be very willint; 
to act. These sub-committees could frame an- 
swers to the papers submitted to them and re- 
port the same to the Standing Committee, and 
it woiiid report it to the public meeting; and 
in this way the Standing Committee could 
submit business to sulx'Ommitlees of as good 
and intelligent brethren as they themselves aie 
to such an extent as to relieve them of at least 
all night sessions. This plan would be just, and 
strictly parliamentary, and I think it would 
go a great ways in removing the unjust preju- 
dice against the Standing Committee. 
An Annual Meeting like our Annnal Meeting, 
nor one could not be held without a Standing 
Committee; it would be like a ship without a 
rudder to steer her. Some brethren say be- 
■.^ause our ancient brethren held Annual Meet- 
ing without a Standing Committee, why 
should not we, etc. These brethren either 
don't look at the ca^e from the right stand- 
point, or they don't know anything aboat an- 
cieat Annual Meetings. The first one I attend- 
ed was in 1831. There the council was held 
privately on Friday aud Saturday, and the 
house (iO.xSo) was not filled, aud the public 
meeting on Sunday and Love-feimt at nigh£ 
was less than half of what many of our com- 
munion meetings now are; yet there is preju- 
dice against the Standing Committee. To the 
experienced, the reasuns are manifest. 

.iuoNG the Feejes, brothers and sisters, hr^t 
cousins, fathers-in-law and sons-in-law, motb- 
ers-in-law and daughters-in-law are forbidden 
to speak to each other. 

The Cottonwood Church, Kan., we are in- 
formed, is in need of ministerial belp, and Bro. 
S. A. Smith, offers loseli his farm to someone 
who may wish to locate there. Address him at 
Dunlap, Morris County Kansas, 

THK KRETtlKIi^T^ JS.T A\'^01tlN:. 




"All things come to those who wait, 
Ii it seema the liO'ir >b latp, 
Yet be patient; unto thee 
Fuller, deeper joy shall be 
For Ihe wuitiug. Still go on. 
Crowns not easily are won; 
Be thou hoj-efui: thy reward 
Ltea within the aiterward. 

Wait awhile. 

Oh, bo. he^rylStill endure 
Prpsent want f'<r bealtli most aure, 
Nnver was ao atioiiR a i>ain 
Hut gave place to quiet gain; 
Never was ao long a uight 
But wan Tanqui-he.l bv th'- light; 
Never was ao deep n sorrow 
But bright thauklulues.-' fo-raorrow. 
Wait awhile. 

Tuk" the sunshine that may be 
In the skiea spread over tht-e: 
Take the littl; bursts of bliss 
PiOniljle in words like this; 
Take with snnga of grateful praise, 
L'jve that iilesses any day^. 
Theae are parts of one great whole; 
But for that which aiU the soul. 

Wait awhile. 

If this earthly life were all. 
Then our spirits were in thrall; 
Butihere is anotlier hnine. 
And we nearer to it come. 
Where ia so much sacred leianre, 
, We shall know not passing pleasure; 
Everything will grow and last, 

Wait awhile. 

They shall never hunger more 
Who have gaine 1 that ahining shore. 
Every feiir shall there he stilled. 
Every longing wish fulfilled; 
All comamuioii clo^e and long, 
Sighs exchanged tor peaceful song, 
Friends at home whom naught shall sever. 
Perfect joy that lasts for ever! 

Wait awhile. 
^Clirhlian World. 

stand prayint; on Suudaye, and from 
Easter to Wbitsctitide, tbe trine immer- 
sion, and a few other * tisf^mts." 

St. Biisil, as he 19 called, regardeil 
"trine immersiou as df-rived throutjh 
traiiition." Chrystal, p. 71. 
The great Jei'oine-say>': 
'"Many other things, which Jire ol)- 
Bervfd liy tradition in the chvnched,bavc 
aiqiiired the authoriiy ofwvitlen law, ur 
fur instance, to immerse the head tliricf 
in IV^ lavH-, *t-." Hist. MmVs p. T:t. 

J«-roiije regarded "Iriiie imiiier«ion" 
as a "tradition," like ''tastinj; milk and 
honey, afier coming out of the waters of 
the liapiiem-" This silly tradition was 
eetalilibhed by the Gvet-k ami K.)man 
Catholics, in his Slodep, Mr. Cbrystal 

' And that for at least twelve hundred 
years after Christ all the rubrics of the 
Grt-ek and Latin churches which en- 
joined any mode at all, enjoined trine 
immersion, and nothing else, as the rule 
of administration, ttc." 

The miserable twaddle about Euno 
mius beiiif; the author of "single im- 
mersion" is too absurd. Why not con- 
tend that Eiinomius was the author of 
the Nfw Testament? If Mr. Stein's 
authorities can be bflieveion this point, 
Euhomius was the first to originate sin 

i to so render It into P^iL'li-b is un 

,e to the original. "One ij/tmeisio/i," 
is the true rendering. E^-ery lran(*lation 
into English, wi.rthy of the name, which 
traUHlatee en baplismn &t &\l, renders it 
"anc iinm^-sion'" This in what Bap- 
tists practice; but Mr. Stein \yould hjive 
us perform (Arff imrner>i!onfil We iiiURl 
obey God, rather ihau men. It is true, 
jh>it the Tunkers understand haptizhuj 
before Sod and Iluly Spirit, in the com 
mission. If haptizimj \a a fivquentative 
in the commission, then accoriling to Mr. 
S. we must have fsix- or nine immi nioaa 
\.Q ms.Vt' one bai tinvA Heaaye: 

If Mr. lUy would say "1 write my 
name in the book of Matthew, and of 
Mark, and of Luke." an<l then write it 
in Luhe onh/, would he not state two 
untrutUl * * * Accordingly, when lie 
says, "I baptize you in the name of the 
Father, and of the Son. and of the H<ily 
Gbost," using exactly the same construc- 
tion and the same partsof speech, joined 
together in the same relation as ihe 
foregoing, he should make his word 
goo(l by doing what he says. 

This illustration is full of sophistry. 
If these three books made one, in the 
sense that what was written by one was 
qiialty written by the thrc-e men, so 
that the three parts formed ttut one book, 
then one writing would place the name j gle immersion in ilie Catholic Churcli. 
in the book of Matthew, and of Mark, ] Those supevstilious writers were not so 
and of Luke." There isabookcalltd stupid as to think that Eunomius ori- 


Prop. 2.1. Haptist clmrelies possess the Bi 
ble characteristics which entitle them to be 
regarded an churches of Jesus Christ. 
°D. B.Ray, Affirms. 

J. W. Stein, Denies. 
D. B. Ray's Seventh APFiaitATiTE. 

WilEN we made an objection to the 
Tunker church claims, we prompt 
ly introduced the proofs from the Tun- 
kers themselves. But Mr. Siein wilfully 
accused Baptist churches with erantiug 
"legal license" to do the "the works of 
the tlesh;" he charged that Baptist 
churches "held that we may do evil, 
fight and kill;" he charged tliat Baptist 
churches are guilty of the crime of per- 
jury," and he charged Baptist churches 
with justifying the "rapaciou'^, cruel and 
fiendish," "unbridled, carnal lusts and 
passions!" We again repeat, that Mr. 
Stein makes no attempt to prove these 
scandalous charges!! Buthj talks about 
the violation of our rules of debatell! 

We uiust say that the man that makes 
these charges without an attempt to 
prove theui, places himself beyond tbe 
pales of himorable controversy, Whih 
Baptist churches do not violate th. 
word of God by making laws, forbid 
diuf their ministers to act as soldiers to 
fulfill God's jiolitical ordinance iu tlu- 
punishment of evil doers, they have no 
fellowship for men that commit the 
crimes laid to the charge of Baptist 
churched, iu the above. Will he answer^ 
Did Mr. Stein commit all these crimes 
as a Baptist? If he did not, then Baptii^t 
•hurches are not guilty. Even if he did, 
they are not guilty, tV.r they did not 
know that he was guilty- 

ilr. Stein :-eem8 to depend upon the 
Emphatic Diaglott^ by a modern materi 
alislic soul sleeper, for his New Testa- 
ment criticisms. He knows, if he knows 
anything of Greek, that en baptlsma i^ 
not in the particlpal form in the Greek, 

tke Bible written and owned by the 
I-^ather and the Son and the Holy Spirit. 
I say: "I Wiite my name in the book of 
the Father, and of the Son, and of the 
Holy Spirit." This requires but one 
writin"; and so the commission requires 
but "one baptism." 

In his blindness, concerning our e,\ 
ample from the classic use of haptho, 
wlieie it is said that the Oarthageniaus 
^'submerged [eb(q}tizo7i\ many of the ves- 
sels," of the Ill-mans, Mr. Stein says: 
One submersion is accomplished by 
repeated dipsV* According to this, the 
t-hips were submerged and rose again 
repeatedly V.\ No one in \\\i senses 
believes ir. Also, in the cases in Hippo 
crates, it is evident that the "breast-milk 
and Egyi^tian ointment," was a mixture 
in the same vessel. But if they were in 
separate ves-iels, it would not interfere 
with our po8ition,forthe repetition would 
not be in the word haptizo but in the 
adjunct. Our firstfact remains unmoved 
''That no example in classic Greek can 
be produced where the Greek verb hap 
t -20 means more than one submersion." 

Mr. Stein says: 

'I have already adJuced one example 
in sacred and classic Greek (the case of 
Naaman in Septuagint,) where hapiizo 
means more than one dip." 

Let us see, Naaman dipped [ebapti^a 
to] himself seven Iheptukis] times in 
Jordan. "2 Kings 5:14. ^ov}\iehaptisa 
lo means more than one dip, two or 
more; then seven times this two or man 
will be fourteen or moi-e times thai Naa- 
mau dipped bimselt! Mr. Stem must 
surrender his frequentative argument 
or immerse six or nine times for "one 
hnmersion." What will he do? Our 
second fact remains unmoved "That nu 
example in sacred Greek can be pi 
duced where the word uaptizn means 
more than one submersion 

And the same is true of all our e'ujht 
facts. Trine immersion was regarded 
by the church fathers and other critics 
.as a tradition. 

In his "History of the Modes" p. Iii2 
Mr. Chiystal say.s: 

''So far as primitive tradition affects 
rites, it should be remembered that 
consists of a few articles, such as 

ginated the"£/»e immersion" — tbesingl 
immersion of the New Testament. The 
contention of Catholics on these (pies^ 
tions has no bearing upon the suV'jfct. 

The fact remains almost unquestioned 
that Baptist churches possets the one 
immersion of the Bible. 

We showed, in our last, that Baptist 
churches po.saees the "Lord'a Supper." 
We here introduce: 
CiiAriACTEiiiSTic iv:^' Bapt st church 
es possess the Neio 7'estament church 

The kingdom of Christ must be gov- 
erned by His laws. The traditions of 
men are worse than vain in the service 
of God. Baptists have ever been great 
sticklers tor the Word of God, a "thus 
said the Lord," for their faith and prac- 
tice. In his Principles and Practice of 
Baptists, p. 13. 

Dr. Wayland remarks: 
"The question is frequently asked. 
What is the creed, and what are the ac- 
knowledged standards of the Baptist 
churches of this country? To this the 
standard answer has always been, 'Our 
rule of faith and practice is in the New 
Testament.' We have no other author- 
ity to which we all profess submission." 
Also, Joseph Belcher, speaking of 
the Baptists, eays: 

"It is important, however, that it 
should be well understood that nowhere 
do the churches of this denomination re 
quire subscription to this or any other 
human creed as a term of fellowship 
They adhere rigidly to the New Testa 
ment as the sole standard of christian 
ity." Religious denominations, p. W). 

In the first article ot the abstract of 
principles contained in the Encyclope 
dia of Religious Knowledge, it is a£Bim 
ed that the Bible is "The supreme stand- 
ard by which all human conduct, creeris, 
and opinions should be tried " Relig- 
ious Encyc, p. 191. In fact, it is but 
the united voice of all Baptists through 
out the world, that, "^'e profess to tak 
tbroor guide, in all matters of religious 
belief and practice, the Neio Testament, 
the wh/de Xeio Testament, and noth n^j 
but the Xe n Testament" Prin. and 
Prac. of Bapts., p. ^^. 

Jesus is our Prophet, Priest and 

King. When Jloses ami Elijah, repre- 
senting "the law and the prophet," ap- 
(leared wiib Christ on the Mount of 
Ghiry, Peter iu his bewilderment wished 
to have "three tabernacles" and three 
great teai'heiN; but."\Vlule he yet spake, 
hehtdd. a bright cloud overshadowed 
them; and beh'dd a voice ont of the 
cloud, which said, this is my beloved 
Sun, in whom I am well pleased; hear 
ye him." Matt. 17: 5. 

The thrte ajiostles arose from the 
earth, and saw no mau save ^"Jesuft on- 
y," ffestis only ia our great teacher and 
lawgiver, in the present dispensation. 
Some seem to think that because we are 
"not under the law, but under grace," 
that %ve may di.Tegard the commands of 
Christ with impunily. It is written: 

He that despised Moses' law died 
without mercy under two or thiee wit- 
nesses. Of how much sorer punishment, 
su])pose ye, shall be thought worthy, 
bo hath trodden under foot the Son of 
God, and hath counted the blood of the 
covenant, wherewith he was sanctified, 
an unholy thing, and hath done despite 
unto the Spirit of grace! For we know 
him that hath said, vengeance belongeth 
unto me, I will rceomjiense eaitli the 
Lord. And again, the Liu-d shall judge 
his people. It is a fearful thing to fall 
into the bauds ot the living God." Heb. 
10: 2(S~2;i. 

The punishment for the violation of 
the law nf Christ will be "much Borer" 
— much more terrible — tban for the vio- 
lation of the law of Moses. 
Paul says: 

"All scripture is given by inspirat'on 
of God, and is profitable for doctrine, 
for reproof, for correction, for instruc- 
tion in righteousness: 

That the man of God may be perfect, 
thoroughly furnished unto all t;ood 
works." 2 Tim. 3: 16, 17. 

"He that rejecteth me, and receiveth 
not my words, hath one that judgeth 
him: and the word that I have spoken, 
the same shall judge him in tbe last 

Fori have not spoken of myself; but 
the Father which sent me, he gave me a 
commandment, which I should say, and 
what I Hhould speak." John 12: 4S, 40. 
The Holy Spirit said: 
'•For I testify unto every man that 
heareth the words of the prophecy of 
this book, If any man shall add unto 
these things, God shall add unto him 
the plagues that are written in this 

And if any man shall take away 
from the words of the book of thia 
prophecy, God shall take away his part 
of the book of life, and out of the holy 
city, &nd /;w/i the. things which are 
written in this book." Rev. 22: 18, 19. 
Jesus Christ delivered the rule for 
per.>^onal offenses as follows: 
"Moreover.if thy brother shall tre^pisa 
against thee, go and tell him hia fault 
between thee and him alone; if he shall 
hear thee, thou hast gaijed thy broth- 

But if he will not hear thee, then 
take with thee one or two more, that in 
th- mouth of two or three witnesses 
every word miy be established. 

Aud if he shall neglect to hear ih-ra, 
tell it unto the church; but if he neg- 
lects to hear the church, let him be unto 
thpe as a heathen man and a publican. 

Verily I pay unto yon, what-oever ye 
shall bind on earth shall be bound in 
heaven; and whatsoever ye shall loose 
on earth shall be loosed in heaven." 
Matt. 18: 15-18. 

In the execution of the laws of Christ, 

F^bruiit'y 'Z4: 

'X'JbtiiJ h>i.-iKaU-±Jrt,b.>J ^V'JL' Wi-yKiv. 

Tttiptint churchfs jmt threat stress ">u tliif 
ru)'-. Tliis tihuvvM ibjit a lucal chun-l. 
iflthe only tribunal in tlic kiugilrmi fui 
the Hetilfmeut of (liffii'uUii-s. To Imw 
acctilraliz<;d govern iiifOt so tliflt "\u 
matters of government and dincliiliin- 
eai'li local congregation is subject to llie 
wboiR li<jdy, ' is treason a;^ainst the 
kingdom of Ohrint. Acrordiog to tliia 
Po[iiMb priDt-'iple the Tunkere have et- 
taltliHhed a "National Couft-rfnce "to 
decide matters for which no 'Lhus aaiili 
the Lord' can be found. " No such 
ahoininat)Ie institution was known to 
a))OMtolic churches. It was tlie local 
church that expelled the unworthy. 
Paul sail: 

In the name of our Lord Jeeua Christ, 
whiMi ye are gathered together, and my 
G])irir, with the power of our Lord Je- 
8un Christ. 

To deliver such a one unto Satan for 
the deslrnctioD of the fl-sh, that the 
spii'it may be saved in tlie day of the 
Loitl Jesus. 1 Cor. 5; -i, n. 

This is the pi'actice of liaptist church- 
es. It Wrt3 the local churches that re- 
stored the penitent. Paul said: 

.^^ufficient to such a man is this pun- 
ishment, which was inflicted of maiiy. 

So that contrariwist- ye ought rather 
to forgive him, and couilort him, lest 
peiliMps BiiL'h a one should beswollow- 
ed up with overmuch eoiiow. 2 Cor. 
2: G, 7. 

This is the practice of B.iptist cliurch- 
cliurchca. It was the luca! church that 
elected its own offii'er.-f. Acts G: i, 5. 
The "whole multitude" "ch()se"the den- 
cons to serve the Jeiuealem chuicb. It 
was the 120 oiiginal church membei's 
at Jerusalem that "gave I'urih their lots" 
which elected Matthias to the npostle 
ship. Baptist churches elect their own 
officers accordiug to the inspired exum- 
pie. Baptists possess this peculiarity, 
the Bible church governnieut. Will 
Mr. S. deny it? 


BY n. C. LUCAS. 

How can the great tide of skepticiam 
and infidelity, now so prevalent, 
in some form or another, throughout 
our country be checked or averted? is a 
qviestion of growing importance, and 
should have the serious consideration 
and thoughtful attention of all who 
place a proper estimation upon good 
society, and what would the benefits 
and advantages arising or resulting from 
a proper administration of laws founded 
m correspondence with the moral senti- 
ments, the highest and noblest elements 
in man's nature? 

It is readily observable from the 
teacbib"^ and demands of freethinkers , 
that the aim is to secure the adoption of 
their theories by our legislatures^ by 
having them blended with oui' Common 
laws — and as these claims and theories 
are not based UpoQ the principles of 
morality — but on man's lower and more 
depraved nature, society must, of neces' 
Bity, suffer much in case such enactments 
Were pa'^sed. But let us hope that all 
Buch efforts may ever prove futile and 

It can never be detrioiental to the 
prosperity of society, or to any peopl-e, 
to be governed by just laws that are 
founded on the principles of benevo- 
lence and tnilh. The rights of rU must 
be kept in view so long as their business 
pursuits of whatever description do nut 
interfere with the rights and priviliges 
of others. But the advocates of &^'twu) 

watf Come with a petition to Congre,-*s 
sking lenif*n<:y to, and the pjirdon "f, 
those whohave been engaged in thepub 
liiiiiiiin find dissemination of immoral 
iiteraturi' and obscene pamphlets. Tbi-ii- 
cry is, "This is a free c<uiulry and every 
im' should have his rights, and be per 
tiiitted to conduct his owh biwine.,-^, and 
be protected iv bile engaged therein.' 
Our government and laws are liberal 
enough to grant all this, if the busiuets'- 
is legitimate and h<morable, and pursu- 
ed from right motives, and the hapfii 
ness of society or individual-* is not en 
dangered, or their rights ami priviliges 
are nut imposed upon. But when a 
publisher asks to be protected in thi- 
publication of base and immoral litera 
lure — a literature calculated to depravi- 
and animali'/e the youth of our land, 
necessarily the decision of justice and 
right must be, "you are violating the 
ei>nstitution, by endangering the moral 
health of the young, and aus^werable 
I'ui' the violation as a criminal." 

There are insane asylums provided 
for those who may become dangerous to 
iheir frieuda and community hy cause 
of losing their reason, and f6r the pro- 
tection of society insane persons must 
lie eared for at these institutions. If an 
individual engages in stealing or practi 
cr-s fiaud in any way, he thereby lose^ 
his claims for the protection of govern- 
ment, and for the safety of society mu>t 
be taken into custody, and placed in 
prison, in order to prevent further vio 

So in the cases afort mentioned. 
The safety of society au'l of individuals 
demands tliat he be detained or givese- 
ciiilty for his disobedience to the btvvs 
of our land. In case he does not give 
f-uitable assuiance of ct-asing this evil 
business, he is in no wi-e worthy of 

It cannot be reasonably supposed that 
impi'lsoniug the criminal changes bin 
moral character. It is (brthe satVty of the 
cnmniuniiy, in general, he is imprison 
ed, by preventing his unlawful ac- 
tions. Other influences must be brought 
to bear on the man — on his moral char- 
acter, in order that his moral nature be 

If the moral nature of the aforesaid 
publisher could be awakened, and, with 
intellect, could gain the predominance 
over his lower nature, there would be 
no necessity of detaining him in prison. 
Society would be in no danger from 
him, for he could no more engage in 
such immordl pursuit — his influence 
would be thrown on tbe other side of 
the stale, and he would then love and 
praise virtue, honor and truth. 

Let all that revere the Bible, and have 
hope in its glorious promises, all that 
would have the standard of morality 
raised instead of lowered, and that 
would shudder tit the thought of sink- 
ing the state of soviety bdow the un- 
thinking brute, be unyielding in their 
defer^e of truth, and ever hold aloft ihe 
standard of morality— not setting aside 
the lower order of faculties, however, 
but havt them in subordination to our 
superior being^oiir intellect and moral 
nature. Thesfe are tbe claims and teach^ 
ings of the Gospel, and if we as a race> 
vjr ^ individuals, lower the standard or 
appointments of wisdom, the consequen- 
ces must be feflrfiil to society, or tw the 
individual A'ho thus perverts God'^ ar- 
rangement. We cannot with impunity 
reject fbe Creator's arrangement, nor 
with successfllter his divinelaws, wheth- 
er r(^-ealed in hiainsjiired^ord or writ 
ten in our constitution or nature. 


nY A. n. W0"DAKD. 

A IIOXG the many things that are 
-^ detiimental to the cauwe of Chris 
'iaidty and the free spread of the G"S 
|tel of Christ which might be remedied, 
IS light or trifling talkuig about those 
who have been chosen, by the majority 
of tlie church, as being the worthiest to 
till the responsible, office of the ministry. 
How often, perhaps on our way from 
church, do we hear sDme of the laity 
making light or trifling remarks about 
the sermon they have been listening to, 
and that too in the presence of those who 
iu.ike no [d-ofession of rel gion, and who 
[nobably were favorably impressed vvith 
the discourse. 

Pei'ha))S brother A. 'vill makeexpres 
sioiis like these: 

Well, eldtr B. got off some of his old 
fogy notions to day. Who cares for 
such pleaching? Bro. C. cut pretty close. 
Who was he driving at this lime? I 
wonder if he meant that forme. He is 
tdways throwing his darts at some one. 
I wonder if they e.xpect us to swallow 
all they say, &-. 

From these uncalled for expressions. 
<ither3, (not the faithful ones) will take 
up thesi-ruion and criticise and find all 
the fault they can imagine. Thu-J, in 
stead of being edified and huilt up in tbe 
faith of the Gospel by thefaitbful labi^r- 
of the servants of Clirist, they make 
tlieni'^elves s'umbling stones in the way 
of others, thus retarding the spread of 
the Gospel. 

Let every In'other and sister learn to 
speak well of their ministers and their 
preaching, especially to those outride of 
the church, and we will see a mighty 
revolution in the church. Confidence 
will be established, love gained, minis- 
ters encouraged, sinners converted and 
tbe Gospel 8[iread 

Panfyra, Iowa. 


ONE of Christ's brief, but significant 
commands to his disciples, Peter 
and Andrew, was, "Follow me, and 1 
will make you fishera of men." It is a 
truth, which, whileit humbles the faith- 
ful minister, at the same time encour- 
ages and animates him in h'w labor, that 
his success is all of God. Yet he must 
labor as if all depended upon his own 
exertion. The inspired Paul may plant, 
and the eloquent Apollos may water,but 
the Lord alone will give the increawe. — 
The most wtupendouM mii-acles the disci- 
ples of Christ ever wrought never con- 
verted a single soul. The same divine 
influence which was efl'ectual when the 
weakest of their contemporaries were 
preachers, was just m neces-jary for their 
success as for that of any other. And 
at this time, when the mnst able and 
faithful minister on earth is made an in- 
strnment of saving grace to mankind, we 
know that "the excellency of the power 
is of God, and not of man." Yet in the 
Gospel, as well as in the natural world, 
there is an adaptation, aw well as a con- 
nection, between means and ends; a con- 
nection which is neither capricious nor 
blindly accidental. The minister of the 
Gospel is God's me^'^Eenger appointed for 
bringing men to the knowledge and love 
of himself, and which he h is promif^ed 
to bli^s. And the more Christ like he 
is. humble, simple, pure, and earnedtly 
persevering, the larger, in general, the 
amount of bleissing which, upon every 
principle of Scripture and leason, may 
be aniic'pated,. 


bt JOSEfH UOL>yiTl,K. 

TT^IIEN gliding along on the smooth 
" ' stream of time with apparent 
unconcern as to what is g-dng on around 
him and what others do, the prufesa. 
ing Christian seems secure, so long as 
he meets with a smile of apparent ap- 
probation from evei7 species of corrup. 
tion and allows to go unrebuked every 
form of sin and vice. He seems to en- 
joy the popular good will. As he doea 
not croas tbe path of tbe froward he is 
not met with his frowns, nor tho stoi'ina 
of his ire; but let him awake from bis 
lethargy and notice tbe destroyer of 
peace the enemy of souLs, and p.dnt out 
his perfidious work,— let him b.-gin to 
remonstrate against sensualism, ftisbion 
vice, or sin in any for-m, and soon be will 
hear the barking of Milton'.-, H-ll- bounds, 
the waves of a.lvnsiiy will Wgiu to 
swell and the billows of per.secuiioii will 
roll around bun mountiunhigb, and like 
the disciples in the ship in Ihe midst of 
a rough sen, his heart will l,ei;in to 
fail. He looks and beholds on his walk- 
ing over the waves, one who has sur- 
mounted victoriously all appo^iii-m. 

here is hope; Jesus isapproching; Im well 
luuleislaiiding the situation, (-peaks 
the blessed words of assurance; "U is I: 
be not afraid". 

Euibiddened by the familiar voice,the 
Christian, Peter lik-^, is ready to brave 
the dangers ot the deep and rei-ljea; 
"Lord, if it be thee, bid me come unto 
thee on the water". But when h-i sees 
the fiercene-is of the slorm and the .v well- 
ing of the wave3, courage fails and he 
begins to douljt and almost wishes he 
had not put his moral courge to a test 
so severe and just as he is about to sink 
beneath the waves of persecution. JcsUS 
stretches forth his hand, rescues him and 
shows him the great iniptopriety of en- 
tertaminga doubt. Ke.scueii from what 
seemed imminent destruction, he can, 
with Moses [he fiiitlifui .strvaut of the 
Lord, exclaim: "The Eternal God is 
our refuge and underneath are tbe ever- 
lasting arms". 


Lord save me from the sinfuluene of 
ray own heart and life! 

Save me from the false doctrines, false 
authorities and bigotries of sectarian- 

Save me from the ignorance, folly and 
iniquity of fashionable religion! 

Save me from the over-valuation of 
any thing because it is popnlar! 

Save me from the awfulness of infidel- 
ity — from all forma of godlessness and 
hopelessness 1 

Save me to live and die a penitent, 
faithful, holy and b.ippy Bible Chris- 

WicKKD men stumble over strawfl in 
the way to heaven, but climb over 
mountains in the way to destruction. 

Tde Scriptures give four q^^j^^ j^ 
Christians from the fourcp^iQal graces; 
saints for their holine'js^ believers for 
their faith; brethr-^n for their love; dis- 
ciples for their knowVedge. 

' Don't munutir at your lot, thooj;h it 
may be a hard one. Rather buckle to. 
ibt^ work.and meet life's battles manful- 
ly, and you will soon be in a better con- 
\UtioQ. At any rate, it don't help bo b« 
constantly complaining. 


'he gnthrm nt ^vrk. 



S. .1. HAURISON, \ Editors. 

J. W. STEIN. ) 

1. Tin: Editors will Im responsible only for the 
goneral tone of the piiper. and tlie insertion of an 
article does not imply tliiit they eodorao every sen- 
timent of the writer, 

2. CoNTRfBUTORa in order to aecuro prompt In- 
aertloD of their articles, will ploiiae not InJulge Ln 
personalities and uncoiirteoua langunBe, but pre- 
sent their views '■ with ftraco senaonetl with salt" 

;], Kor t ■■■ l"-'>-("pt Mf rPKilors and tfte good of 
tlip I'auHi'. v.. ■ . ■' . I ;:. ii TiPws from all parW oi" 
the llrotii' '.^ ■ .:l1 ^ume oneiiieuch con- 

Krf'Kiitiiiii (■■ I ■■■ ■ 'i-'l. In the briefest way, 

give us Ai r ^t.'i.ii!. .11, 'I we will put them in 
' - ,\h\iiyM write n'ith black ink, on 

proper a!i:iiie 
narrow pii|ie 
■I. The 1(1 
aoynddresa I 
Sl.noper ann 
of the paper. 

TiiitEN AT "Work will be sent to 

the United States or Ciinada for 

n. For the leading characteristics 

.3 well as terms to uf-ents see eighth 

pa(,'L'. Anrtress al! communications, 


Lauark, Carroll Co., 1)1. 


Brother D. B. Sibsoii has changed his address 
from Norhorne Mo., to Cerru Gordo lU. 

Thb address of Brother J. S, Snowljerger is 
changed from Mouliccllo, Iiid., to York, Neb, 

EvEiiY inordinate cu|j is a curse, and he who 
drinks it pays tbo peaalty, principal and intar- 

The cliildreii are remembered in the "Home 

and Family" department. Look out for some 
good things, little friouds. 

In Bro. S, S. Mohler's communication as giveu 
on page seven of No C, the nacne C. Horner 
should have been E, Hoover. 

Brotheh Bashor, like myeelf, is at home on 
the sick list. When will some of us learn that 
God took sii days to do what he might have 
done in that many minutes? 

Bro, J. C. Miller speutsome time in the Lord's 
work in Warren, Mahaska, Powesheik and 
Iowa counties, lowB. We rejoice to learn of 
God's ministers being at work. 

BuoTifER John Forut*y is out in the mission 
field, and expects to remain from home about a 
month. When last heard from he was preach- 
ing in the town of Remington, Kan. 

MovEiTENTS in certain quarters indicate that 
the Pope of Rome will esrablish his residence 
at Jerusalem. His advisers have declared that 
this is the only step that will bring Romanism 
up to its former prestige. 

When you are lost in darkness, aud some 
one oti'era you a lantern, do you stop and ask 
what kind it is? Does it make any difference 
to yon whether it be round, octangular or 
square? Is it not the light you nt-'-d, nodiffer- 
ence about the shape of the lantern? 

Brother M, A. Eisenhour, Plymouth, Ind. 
desires to change his location. He is a wagon 
manufacturer. Any one knowing of a good lo- 
cution should correspond with him. He is a 
minister, and might be of good service to thoso 
who are willing to help him bear the burdens. 

A MAN passing along the public road found 
a piece of paper which contained a part of the 
Stein aud Ray Debate, and be seut it to us de- 
siring to know whether we are publishing a 
paper in defence of our principles. We send 
him specimen copies of the B AT W with the 
hnpe that he may learn more of God's eternal 

Says the predestinarian, "If I am to be sav- 
ed, I will be saved; if I am to be damned I will 
he damned." Mr. Predestinarian, why do you 
not go to your store and say, "Well, if these 
goods are to le^sold, they will be sold; if thev 
are not to be sold they won't he sold." You csn 
reason better thin that on things temporal, but 
on divine things, you g^et about that far. 


The followins is haw Dr. 
through The ChristiaiCs spectach 

"In this issue of the B'ipthI Fh(/,Fe'b. 11, 
eon=.iderable space is devoted to The Christian. 
"Campbellites," and "Campbellism." It is too 
low and dirty tor on-? chiimiug to be decent to 
touch. Please eicuse us, Dr. Ray, We shall 
not go down after you. Too much mud and 
filth there. It is not the road to heavm, and 
.-e tlall travel another way. 


IT is onr purpose in this article to show trom 
the Bible what the church of Christ as 
such may do i.nd what it may not do. Barm 
is always a result of not doing that which we 
should do, or doing that which we should not. 
It would bedillicnltto aav which dn the greattr 
harm, but each do au untold amount. 

We learn from Col. 1: IS that "Christ is the 
head of the body, the church." This sentence 
comprehended, enforced and obeyed, and we 
have truly the "church of God," becaose over it 
roigns the government of God, 

The head, (mind) and body are Tery closely 
connected. The one cannot exist without the 
other. No head, no body; no groom, no bride; 
no vine, no branches; no Savior, no saved. 

The head never does the work of the body; 
the groom, jf the bride; the vii," of the branch- 
e-i, the Savior of the church. To illustrate: at 
the command of our mind our hand holds and 
moves a pen which writes the words you now 
read. This order never can be reveroed, that 
is the mind write and the hand command. So 
with Christ and the church: Christ commauda 
and the church obpya. and this can never be 
reversed, that is the church command and 
Christ obey. 

Here we see two powers, viz: a mental and a 
physical, a commanding aud an obeying or a 
legislative aud an executive. While these pow- 
ers are distinct and unlike, neither one is supe- 
rior to, or independent of, the other. They are 
dissimilar in kind and cannot therefore differ in 
(/pf/rre, because only things that are alike can 
be compared, and since superior implies an in- 
ferior with which it is compared, and since 
there is no similarity between a legislative and 
an executive power, between Christ and th( 
church, it cannot be said thai one is superior 
to the other. However, it is generally said that 
that which commands is superior to that which 
is commanded. For example; an engineer on a 
railroad is said to .be superior to the engine 
which he coutrola; but they are dissimilar in 
kind and cannot therefore be compared to ob- 
tain degyees of difference. Then it would be no 
more impossible for the engine to do the work 
of the engineer than it would for the engineer 
to do the work of the engine. In 1 Cor. 11: 11 
Paul teaches this idea in what be says about 
man and woman. Man as man is different 
from woman as woman, not in degree, but in 
kind. It would be no mora impossible for wo- 
man to be man than it would for man to be 
woman, aud man is no more independent of 
woman tbaH woman is of man. Therefore it 
cannot be true that one is superior to the other. 
However, it may be there is a greater demand 
for the power of the one than the other, and 
taking (/(HidJK^ for a bajis of estimation, the 
one would be said to be superior to the other. 
In this way the conclusion is reached that 
CliriBt is superior to the churcli, beci 
man Christ is needed more than the church, but 
to God, the universal Father, both are equally 

Between the mind on the body and its mei 
hers, on account of nearness of relation exists 
the greatest sympathy. This sympathy is so 
good that it is often difficult for each to act as 
it is designed. It is hard for the left hand to 
sever the right, because Ihe welfare of the, one 
is equally important to the other. Especially 
is this true of the mind and body. Weaken one 
and you weaken the other. Either without the 
other is alike both powerless and useless. This 
nearness of relation exists between 
Christ and the church. They are bound togeth- 
er by the strongest ties of sympathy, and are 
very solicitous for the welfare uf each other. 
They long to be together. Witness the sor- 
rows, trials, mockiugs, abuses and persecutions 
Christ endured that man might be redeemed 
from the curse of a broken law and restored to 
favor and friendship with God. Hear the Wiiil 
of his despairing soul as he contemplatej the 
condition of Jerusalem: 

"0 Jerusalem, Jerusalem, thoii that killest 
the prophets and stonest them which are sent 
unto thee, how often would I have gathered thy 
children together even as a hen gathereth her 
chickens under her wings but ye would not." 
Matt. 23:3. On the other hand was the un- 
wavering, unflinching devotion ofthechuich. 
Nothing could separate it or turn it aside Iroin 
the great object for which it was created. Oh, 

hearthat devoted apostle.Paul. when reviewing, 
no doubt, what foUowerB of the Lamb of God 
were enduring, exclaim in that heavenly elo- 
quence which has been the admiration of rhe- 
toricians alike of believers and unlwlievers. 

"Who shall separate us from the love of 
Christ? Shall tribulation, or distress, or per- 
•"-'■ution or famine, nakedness, or peril, or 
"p/ord? As it is written for thy sake are we 
killed all the day long: we are accounted as 
sheep for the stanghter. Nay. in all these 
things we are more than conquerors through 
him that loved us: for I am persuadfd that 
neither angels, nor death, nor life, nor priuci 
palities, nor powers, nor things presput. nor 
things to come, nor heights nor depths, nor any 
other creature shall he able to separate ua from 
the love of God which is in Christ Jesus our 
Lord." Rom. S: 35-39. But while Christ hi 
^'reat sympathy, teaches us to '"weep with those 
who weep," he also on the other hand tenches 
if thy right eye offend thee, pluck it ont, and 
cast it from thee. * ' * and if thy right 
hand offend thee, cut it off aud cast it from 
thee : for it is profitable (or thee that one of thy 
members should perish aad not that thy whole 
body should be cast into hell." Matt, 5: 20-31. 

The body is only perfect when it has all its 
parts and is then capable of doiog a greater 
work than when some are lacking. Neverth^ 
less, au incomplete body, without an eye or 
arm, can do something while a perished body 
can do nothing. It is also true that in the pro- 
cess of severing a limb from the body that 
blood from the sound part is lost. So it is in 
the church of God. It needs all it^ members; 
but if they beconieott'eueivo it is better to cut 
them off * • for it is more profitable that "one" 
should perish than that all "should be cast in- 
to hell." But when a member is severed from 
the churcb, there is more of a loss than just 
smiply that member, he takes with aim the in- 
fluence of a part of the church. 

As the mind directs and controls the physi- 
cal body in man. so Christ directs and controls 
his body, the church. When it is necessary to 
change the mind, it is mind that does the work. 
So when it is necessary to change the body, it 
is the body which does that. How absurd to 
think of the hand changing the mind, but still 
that not more so than to think of the mind 
doing the actual work of changing the body. 
Could you imagine a man who had ascertained 
that gangrene had taken place in his right 
hand, 50 uttely destitute of common sense as 
"to cut it oft" with an instrument he was at- 
tempting to wield with his mind ? 

The man is not an executive of the body, bnt 
its legislator. On the other hand the body pos- 
sesses no legislative powers, but all its powers 
are executive- So in the body, the church, — it 
does not possess any legislative powers whatev- 
er, but it possesses executive power pertaining 
to itself religiously. The church has no choice 
about wliat it should do. Could more insulting 
impudence be manifested to God than to act 
aside his laws to substitute in lieu thereof our 
own? It is practically saying to God, You 
are not our head, yon do not know as well as 
we, what our wants are, and do not know there- 
fore, so well as we, how to supply them. What 
the church is told to do. it should exert all its 
power to do, and what it is not told to do, it 
should forever leave undone. 

But sometimes the church and individuals 
cannot agree as to what it is really commanded 
to do. Now which is to decide? which is to 
submit? It sometimes happens that the church 
has to submit, the whole, to a part; hut that is 
neither right nor natural. It is mathematically 
absurd, for the whole is always greater than 
any of its parts. Then for the church— the 
greater — to submit to its part — the less— is un- 
natural and therefore unhiwru), It is imposai- 

Febriinrv *-i4 

Thr Unjust Bitlnners Dfttct^d.—'-Trinr. Immer- 
mrsiim Wdghetl in Ihe Bahnces and Found 
W'nntmg." Rcvfi-fed. Prov. II: 1. 
"The earth also is delllwl under the iuhitbllanti 
thereof; becnus.- they have tmnsgreisedthe laws, 
changed tho ordinnuco, hmk.'U Uu' everlim ting cov- 
enant. Therefore hath the curse devoured the 
earth, and they that dwell therein are desolate- 
therefore the inhnhitant^ of the earth are burned 
and few men left.— Isn 24: fi. 0. 

'■Go yo into all the world, and proiich tho gosiiet 
to every creiiture. Ho that boUevetb and Is bap- 
tised, shall he saved; but In- tlmt belleveth not 
shall he damned."— Mark Id: 16, m. 


JESUS says "except a man he born of the 
water and of the spirit he cannot enter in 
to the kingdom of heaven,"— John 111; 5. Here 
we differ from those who hold baptism alone to 
be the new birth and those who hold it to be 
the mere sign of the new birth, As in this life 
the body eanuot be born ol the .spirit, so the 
spirit cannot be born of the water, and as man 
is composed of body and spirit, both of which 
have been engaged in sin, the body (which 
Christ redeemed to glorify God, as well as the 
spirit ( 20,) must he given to him in bap- 
tism, .while the intelligent part must bo renewed 
by the Holy Spirit. Thisdone "a man" is "born 
again," "born of water and of tho spirit,' 
Without which Christ says "Ho cannot enter 
into the kingdom of Heaven," Shall we say he 
can? Can one be born of water without bap- 
tism? or be pardoned without being born again? 
But some tell us that "spiritual regeneration is 
independent of, and obviates the necessity of 
baptism." I could believe this if it was in 
God's word. There is such a thing as a counter- 
feit regeneration— a begetting by tho word and 
traditions of men, which pervert the truth and 
lead men to death. If "born of God" we have 
been lif.ijotten by the incorruptible" Beed~"the 
wordofGod."— (Pet. i;22, Jas. i; 18.) which 
requires baptism as apart of the evangelizing 
word of God's holyembassadors,- (Matt, xxviii: 
10. Mark, xvi: 16. Acts, ii: 38). If that seed 
abides in us we do not transgress (John, iii: 9, 
v: is). Thespnit that teaches men not to he 
baptized, is not of aod.—(John. xiv: 2«; Heb. 
v: 9; John, ii: 3, i. Some ask us whether we 
baptize one before he loves God or after he loves 
him? We answer after he loves him. Just aa 
;n(f citizenship is consummated a/'lrr a foreigner 
becomes attached to a government, and as true 
marriage is effected after the parties love each 
other, in which cases however neither the at- 
tachment nor love are perfected and unreserv- 
edly lavi-'^hed, until the rites of allegiance and 
marriage are celebrated. They then remind us 
that John says "every one that loveth is born 
(ijegeneelai, has been begotten) ofGod."— (John 
7.) I answer John also aays "who so 
keepeth his word, in him verily is the love of 
God perfected: hereby know we that we are 
in him." -(Jolin. ii, 5 ) ''This is tho love of God 
that we keep his commandments; and his com- 
mandments are not grievous." v. 3. The Sa- 
viour says "He that hath my commandments 
and keepeth them, he it is that loveth me.' 
John, .xiv: 21. But John also says "whosoever 
believeth tlpat Jesus is the Christ is born Cy«- 
qcnhcetai, has been begotten) of God." (John. 
). But remember, John is writing to those 
who hove overcome the wicked one", John ii: 
12-14 — wlio "keeps his commandments" ii: 3, 
who do righteousness iii: 7-10. Now, if the 
p^sage they quote must mean that all who 
merely lorm an attachment to, and reverence 
for God before that love is perfected by obedi- 

ble for any organization, religious or political, enee, (which is supposition liere) are horn so a 
[bunded upon the principle of equality, to exist to be children and hein of God, must not the 

when the few shall arbitrarily rule the mauy. 
Can we possibly have "Individual rights" aud 

Church rights"? Are not the rights of one the 
rights of the other? Can a chnrch prosper if 
its members do not? Is it not the mei^bers 
that make the church? Then must not tiie 
church be what its members make it? or is not 
the church just what its members are? If all 
are mutual, how then can we conclude they 
have separate interests and rights? 

The sphere of the church then is to seethit 
all its members present their "bodies a living' 
sacrifice, holy and acceptable unto God, an.l 
withdraw from all' ihem thai walk disorderly. 

I quotation which I adduced mean that aU who 
j give tlie mere asient of their underslanding to 
the propcsition that .Je)?iia is the Christ, before 
they rely on him in holy submission, be born So 
aa to he chi/dien and heirs of God also? But 
what would such a conclusion do for us? Were 
Peter's hearers at Pentecost who eridently cred- 
ited his testimony of Christ, when they cried 
"Men and Brethren what must we do?" Vf/r/lo! 
God lielbre thev had even repented? or had thev 
only been partly {cyo^frt by the word? Wete 
(heir s|jiritual characters developed as yet into 
the Hiiine chitdhond and heirship^ Are your 
unconverted children, friends and neighbors, 

Februarv '-^4 


who credit the fact that Jean,- ia the Christ, tor» 
of God, BO as to be hi^ children and lieirs^ Are 
they pardoned? — saved? Whs the nncieau 
spirit that said to Jesus "I know thee who thou 
art the Holy Oae of God."— (Murk i: i'* ) l">rn 
01 God? Are the Devils who "l)elieve and trem- 
ble" (Jas. ii; 9). born of QoJ? Wiw either Baa- 
lam, cjaul or his messengprs, who, on certain 
occations reeeited the "Spirit of God." inso- 
much that they not only credited the truth, 
but prophesied (Num. xxiv: 2, 5-9, 17-19; 2. 
Pet. ii;ir.: Judell; Rev. ii:H; I Sam. xixiSO- 
24; xxviii: 6,15,16,18.) horn of God? Doe9 
all this not show that if the argument based on 
the quotation, John, iv: 7, proves any thing for 
our opponents, that it proves too much? But 
the word"(/eMH«oo"itaelfi3 ambiguous. It some- 
times only means "to beget," sometimea "to 
bring forth." Hence one cannot determine 
without the connection which it is, aiuce it is 
used for both. "Abrahamicjfn/{f_r7^HHf('sc) Isaac, 
and Isaac betfat {rr/ninfcse) Jacob," Matt. 1: '2i. 
"Every one that loveth him that beijat {gcgen- 
ntesanUi, having begot) loveth him also that is 
begotten {jef/eHMeeHicHO)!, having been hpj;otten} 
of him" John, v: i. Here '^gcnnaoo" is applied 
only to begetting, not to birth. Jesus was 
bom (gCHHt'e/Ac'j/os, beiug born) in Bethlehem" 
Matt, ii: 1. "In which time Moaea was born" 
{e^enmdhc) Acta, vii: 20. "I am * * * a Jew. 
born {s,egeHitnmnws) in Tarsus." "A woman 
* * ■ assoon Hsshf i3delivered(gc«)iC('S(,v) of tlie 
cliild, ' remembereth no more theangui-Ii, for 
joy that a man is horn (egciiiieellife, was born) 
into the world" John xvi: 21. In these lustt-x- 
aniplesgcjrw'ioo is applied only to iiW/i, not to 
begetting. From tb is it is clear that bi'getthig 
and birlli are two events as distinct as the two 
words m our language which describes them, 
though usually described by the same word in 
the Greek New Testament in which the con- 
test determines the meaning, or other portions 
of the scriptures which treat the same subject. 
Many begettiuRs and conceptions are followed 
by mere abortions which never attain to child- 
/(('0</ and /(f^/ri7uj), just as courtship may beget 
iiid conceive marriage between loving couples 
which is never matured, or as the kind over- 
tures and messages of a government [which for 
illustration we will call the gospel of the gov- 
ernment,'! may beget credit, attachment, the 
abandonment of opposition, etc., on the part ot 
one who has been engaged in rebellion, but who 
may, nevertheless, never be born into the govern- 
ment, neither fully love or trust it, on account 
ot neglecting the refjaired rite of allegiance, and 
hence los-^s citizenship, with all its immunities. 
But some tell us tiiat because Cornelius and his 
friends received the Holy Spirit before ijaptism, 
that thereupon they were born again, pardoned 
and saved witl-out it. We answer, this gift of 
the Holy Spirit was not what is commonly call- 
ed "conversion," "regeneration," "experimen- 
tal religion," etc., but a special, miraculous im- 
partation of the gift of prophecy and tongues, 
like that at Fe»t«cost, Act^. ii: 2, 17, IS; x: 46; 
xi: 15, which things are for a sign, 1 Cor. xiv: 
22, and were doubtless bestowed to convinct 
not only Peter, but the brethren of the circum- 
cision generally, that the Christian dispensation 
was for Gentiles as well as Jews, Acts, x: 34; 
si: IS. are such. 



■ . 


[Thn tulloirtns 
iu iwiorhlpi form Iu T'u^ 
prlriLsn *» no 

will .<tnl 10 thl« offlee BiBtly on nol IwlBE nt"'" l« «<• «> " 
UhllinlhnB. «IW.. onil L 
glvoltlOBurn»J^r.»m. Ill 

UR purpose iu writing this is two-fold. First, 
to defend our Aimual Meeting in the 
urse ^has pursued, and the decisions it haa 
made ou\ho subject of feet-washii 

this should be done because some have thouglit 
it too libera"! on this subject, while others havo 
thouffht it not liberal enough; and we believe 
a fair' investigation of the matter will show that 
. Annual Meeting has done the best that could 
have been done under the circumstances, and 
the truth of tlie gospel has not been violated 
by any of its decisions. 

Second, we feel that there has been too much 
excitement ou the subject —in some parts of 
oui- brotherhood,— that extreme views or pn-j 
udice has grown up to mar the feelings of breth- 
ren, peace and union destroyed, that should 
abound everywhere in the church. 

To allay this feeling that has grown so strong, 
is one object of our writing. Believing that a 
full understanding of the subject will have a 
tendency to produce forbearance in ail matters 
of difference and tend to union and harmony, 
we write for that purpose. It is sometimes the 
that only a partial investigation or knowl- 
edge of a subject (.^odu to prejudice, while a full 
Icoowledge of it tends to union and harmony. 

With this view we propose to examine care- 
fully every part of it; and search for the true 
meaning and import of every important word, 
and circumstances connected with it. This we 
think has not yet been done as it should have 
been done. And we want to notice the design 
and object of this ordinance; how that is the 
:round on which the decisions of Annual Meet- 
ing may be defended. Our object is not to 
prove feet-washing to be an ordinance of the 
church; that we ha-e tried to do in another 
work, but to make an investigation for the pur- 
pose of producing more union and forbearance 
than is found in some places among our breth- 

After having studied this subject for years 
and discussed it frequently with those who are 
opposed to the ordinance, and at our Annual 
Meetiijg we feel like doinij something yet, if 
possible, give more light, and get a more Defect 
understanding of the subject among our bretli- 
We write this entirely on our own re- 
sponsibility, not willing that the church or any 
ope else shall be held responsible for the views 
iind sentiments here given. 

Our Arguments. 
The first point on this subject deresving no- 
tice is the common error in speaking of it, 
hich tends to a misunderstanding of the truth 
concerning it. — that is, it has been frecjuently 
said and published in our papers, that we have 
two or even three modes of feet-wash'ng in our 
church, and all sanctioned by Annual Meeting. 
Now if that is not true it is a pity to have it 
published before the world, for it misrepresents 
the brotherhood and the Annual Meeting. We 
believe it is not true as a fair investigation will 

What does it require to make two or three 
modes of feet-washing? What does it require 
to make two or three modes of baptism? one by 
mersion, another by pouring, another by 
sprinkling. That would be three modes of baj;- 
tism. Then how would we get three modes of 
feet-waahiuK ? One by putting the feet into 
the water, another by pouring the water on 
them, another by sprinkling the water upon 
them. This would be three modes. But how 
to get three modes of washing without apply- 
ing the water in three ways, I cannot see. Sure- 
ly we never had anything like these three modes 
of feet-washing in our Brotherhood; we never 
had but one mode in any case, that is to put 
the leet into the water and we presume that 
no one has ever seen any other mode in our 
church. Then if the only way ever practiced 
in the church is to wash feet by putting them 
into the water, it cannot be justice in the case 
to say we have three or even two modes of feet- 
washing. To intimate that Annua! Meeting 
has sanctioned three modes is not to be .sustained 
by the facts; for if it should come up at Annu- 
al Meeting to pour the water on the feet, or any 
other mode than putting them into the water, 
we doubt not the Annual Meeting would table 
such questions without any hesitation. 
But to make this matter plainer if 
suppose a minister would take one person down 
into the water and baptize him by trine immer- 
sion; another minister takes three or fonr per- 
sons and baptize them by trine immersion. 
Certainly no one would say that makes two 
modes of baptism, because one baptized 
ly, while ttie other baptized three or four in the 
same way. Then if one brother washes the 
feet of one other by putting them into the 
water, auotlier washes the feet of three or four 
by putting them into the water in precisely the 
same way, certainly there is no more reason for 
calling that two modes of feet-washing than the 
other two modes of baptism. 

We presume there is really no ditierence at 
all in our Brotherhood about the mode ot feet- 
washing, for we have never heard of any one 
contending for pouring or sprinkling water up- 
on the feet; though there is some ditierence 
about who shall do the washing, but none about 
how it shall be done, for all wash in the same 
way by putting the feet in the water. The 
matter of who shall wash the feet does not ef- 

fect the mode any more than the matter of who 
shall baptize eflFecte the mode of baptism. 

As tDere is some difference about who shall 
wash the feet of a brother — not about the mode 
of doing the washing — we feel that when breth- 
write or speak on the subject, they should 
be careful to say nothing inconsistent with the 
plain facts. The Annual Meeting does allow 
some liberty as to who shall do the washing; it 
allows a brother to wash the feet of one or of 
two or more, but all the time the same mode 
as in baptism. It allows the minister to bap- 
one or two or more, but the same mode in 
every case; but it no more allows two modes in 
feet-washing than it does baptism. Then in 
speaking of this matter do not say the Annual 
Meeting and the Brethren have two modes of 
feet-washing, hut say they have given liberty 
to brethren who do the work to wash the feet 
of one only, or of more; that will give the truth 
in the case. 

But there is a little matter about the mode of 
feet-washing that needs to be noticed here; not 
about putting the feet into the water to wash 
them, for all are agreed in that, but some would 
rub the feet as though the object was to cleanse 
them from filth or dirt. As the Savior com- 
pares the washing of feet to baptism, which we 
will note hereafter, this comparison shows that 
there is not any more need of rubbing in feet^ 
washing than in baptism. The design of the 
washing in boih cases being spiritual, feet- 
washing aa well as baptism is to represent a 
spiritual cleansing. Simply putting the feet 
into the water and taking them out again is 
the mode of feet-washing, as it is the mode of 
baptism. There is this difference; in the com- 
iion a triune action is required, while in 
feet-washing there is no formula requiring re- 
peated action. We would have feet-washing 
like all other washings for religious purposes, 
simply by putting them into the water and tak- 
ing them out again, like the Jewish washing for 

ligious cleansing. They were commanded to 
bathe their bodies in water. Naaman dipped 
himself in Jordan. In the New Testament the 
apostle says they were "buried in baptism and 
raised up again." He says their bodies were 
shed with pure water." No rubbing in any 
of these cases to put away the filth of the flesh; 
but simply a going into the water and coming 
out again to represent a spiritual cleansing; 
hence our reason for the same mode in feet- 
washing, because it too represents a spiritual 

We wish to remark before advancing any 
further with our subject, that we niao have but 
one mode of washing, though we may have 
some difference as to who shall do the wiping. 
The thing being done the same way in all cases 
makes it the same mode, and the difference as 
to who shall do the wiping does not effect the 
mode, and could not, unless the work was done 
in a dilfereut way, yet in this matter the An- 
nual Meeting has allowed some liberty as it has 
done in many other things. And we fe-. 1 that 
it is right in allowing liberty when the liberty 
does not involve any violation of the gospel or 
make trouble in the church. The work of the 
Annual Meeting is to keep the great essential 
truths of the gospel established in the Brother 
hood, and yet allow liberty when these truths 
are not to be infringed upon. This will be 
shown further before we are done. 
(To be continued.) 

The Pragressits Chrisliitn has changed hands 
— Brother J. W. Beer stepping down, and 
Brother Howard Miller going into the sanc- 
tum. We wish Brother Miller abundant suc- 
cess in his new field. 

Eld Abraham Stamy, of Dry Creek Church 
Linn Co., Iowa, has been stricken down with a 
kind of neuralgiac rheumatism about all Win- 
ter. He is fast ripening for the harvest of 
death. May God sustain and cheer him during 
his declining years. 

Bkother Landon West and D. H. Him-! 
have their say in this issue concerning a meet- 
ing-house for our Danish Brethren. We do 
not believe Brother Rowland should be further 
burdened, as his cares and responsibilities are 
already sulficient.' We think we are safe it 
saying he will not accept of further duties ii 
Danish matters, and it might be well to con 
suit him before going further. We suggest 
that the question be helil at rest until we can 
have some counsel upon it. VVe are favorabi 
impressed with the ilea, and believe the chil- 
dren can raise enough to build the house, but 
who shall accept and forward the money mu.-i 
first be settled. 

^^«>!pI| ®»sifo»l- 

First Century. 

Death of James the Son of Alpheus. A. D. 03, 

J.\MES the .son of Alpheus, or brother of the 
Lord was ordained an apostle by Christ 
and sent to the Jews. After the ascension o( 
Christ, he was regarded as one of the pillara of 
the church, (Mark IU: lo). The church at Je- 
rusalem appointed him as its first deocon. and 
he faithfully performed his duties for almoat 
thirty years. He was a true Nazarite in eating 
and drinking, as well ns in his dresH. It is saij 
he prayed daily for the success of the church 
and the people in his community. He is the 
athor of an epistle in the New Testament, 
hich was ordained to the twelve tribes that 
ere "scattered abroad." He began his letter, 
thus: "My brethren, count it all joy when ya 
fall into divers temptations." Pious and gentlo 
as he was the unbelieving Jews could not en- 
dure his teaching, so Ananias, the high priest, 
had him brought before the council, hoping 
thereby to frighten him so that he would cease 
teacliing the people the way of life. But he 
iteadfastly refused to renounce Christ, hence 
the Scribes. Pharisees and high priest took him 
up on the pinnacle of the temple during the 
jjassover, and there again besought him to de- 
ny Christ before all the people. He would not 
deny Christ, but with great frankness preached 
that Clirist jvns the promised Messiah, the Son 
of God, and that lie was now sitting at God'a 
right hand and would again come in the clouds 
of heaven, to judge the quick aud the dead. 
When he had thns spoken, the indignant rulers 
cried out, "Oh this righteous one has also de- 
ceived you! Let us put him away; for he is a 
worthless fellow." Upon this they pushed him 
from the pinnacle, and he fell ,to the ground, 
but not being killed they went about to stone 
him, and after having stoned him awhile, and 
perceiving that there was still life in him, they 
struck him with a fuller's club aud broke hia 
skull. After he had fallen from the pinnacle 
and broken some of his bones, he rested on his 
knees and prayed for hia enemies. When they 
heard this they cried out, "This righteous man 
is praying for us; cease stoning him," and tbea 
one who had a club struck and killed him. Thua 
died one of the purest of men iu defense of the 
truth which we now enjoy. He was sixty-nine 
years old at his death, It is said the skin on 
his knees was quite thick and hard on account 
of kneeling so much in prayer. what devce 
tion to God this holy man exhibited. 

Barnabas dragged out of the city of Salamis 
and burnt. A. D, G4. 

This devout man was for some time the com- 
panion of Paul. He is also called Barsabaa 
surnamed Joseph or Joses or Justus. He was 
born on the Island of Cyprus where he was 
killed. He was called the son of consolation, 
and to the poor saints was a devoted friend. — 
Acts xi: 24, vjt 36. He brought Saul, after his 
to the apostles, (Acts 9: 27) and 

declared to them how the Lord had turned 
S;lul fo serve him. During the famiue, which 
was predicted by Agabus, he collected money 
for the poor saints at Jerusalem. On hia return 
to Autioch, he and Paul were eent out by the 
Holy Ghost to preach the Gospel in many 
countries. He was a man of eloquence, aud 
convincing in his manner, so that the Lyca- 
onians said he was a god and called him Jupiter. 
Aud when the priest* brought oxen and ear- 
lands aud were going to offer sacrifice to him 
and Paul, they said, "Sirs, why do ye these 
things; we are also men of like patsions with 
you; and preach unto you. that ye should turn 
from these vanities unto tne living God." (Acta 
16: 10, 15). He also accompanied Paul to Jeru- 
salem with some questions concerning doo 
trines, which some had taught at Antioch. Af- 
ter returning to Antioch, he and Paul conclu- 
ded to go again to preach the Gospel, but not 
being aole to agree whom to take with them, 
they separated, and Barnabas and John went 
to the Island of Cyprus. Here Barnabas 
strengthened the church which had been plant- 
ed by him and Paul; and in the course ot lime 
an old sorcerer accused him and stirred up the 
people against him. Barnabas was sei/.^d by 
the Jews, and they were about to bring him 
before the judge, but fearing the joclge would 
not condemn him in his innocency, hot release 
him, they shamefully treated him. put a cord 
around his neck, dragged him out of the ci^, 
and then burnt nim. Thus fell asleep in Jesoa, 
this piona servant of God, and now awaits the 
eternal crown that will be given him at th9 
last day. 

Tfcib; ±iHJi;iJbij<ii;^ .ci-r vvokk.. 

Kohrxiai'v *i^i- 

'flame anil ^amilu. 

iliwliHjKls. lovB your wWea. Wlvw, snl'Uilt yoiir- 
lelvM uiilo y.iur own I lu.i liquids. ClitlrlrMi, ob^y 
rour piin-nla. Fathera, provokenotyi'urcliililreD to 
wriitli. l.iu liriiiK irit-rii iii> in ttie nurture iim) ad- 
nuiiUloi) of llm I>on1. S^rvaiilB, be obedient U) 
Un^ui ihiit iirp your inii»tnn).— I'aui,. 


Be not idle, noble bnd lier, 

Tliere la work ennuKli to do- 
Work for heart and ojlnd and muscle, 

01 ><o brave and strong and triiel 
Wcnlt'i and pride still walk toftetber. 

Vice and Cilmn are bliRhtlng ailll; 
Wutpreaw onward, llfin and f-a leaa, 

YoH can c nquer U yi'U will- 
All around yon, fainting, dying. 

See the sons of anrrow lie. 
With their p ilo, cold, ploac'l-if faces 

Turned In mulries to tlio sky. 
Von ca'i aid thpm, yon can cilu'er them 

You can calmly bid tliem isp. 
And with hearts reii-w Ih-- strnggle 

Till they gain Uie envied prize. 

Tender litllo babes are weeplnE— 
I'mliprs, mntliera in the gravo— 

Ilfimflesa, friendlcas little neatlings— 
Yuu can sMeld tbeni, you can save. 

All HhmB lifii's rngiiPil pathway, 
Seekiiig not t'le worM'a apphinne; 

riead on; plead for irnlh andvirtuf. 
Plead on liHaven"a diwn-tramiiled law.'? 

Sow pure speda of lovo and kindness 

in lliPli'^arla of Sinful men: 
"Cdsr yoi.r briM'i upon tlie " alers 

And it will return again," 
Bnitber, tlius I bid yo i labor, 

|ty the love you bear our I 
lie will aid yim. Im will bless you, 

And in heaven your tiiila reward. 

[For the Little Ones] 

DO you know that tlie i-hort worda are thf 
iirij;litgeni-i in "pf-ch? Not a IVw men 
WiiuM have more tbrce if they would use shori 
words in jiUce "ftlie long, hard otiea, Bui 
■wit i\ the Iiard ones, they are so much like valvf s 
■ ofa"nin" tlirough which all the stenrn gue- 
out; Miere ir* much noise, but no place lelt to 
mo^e I he train. 
"Tiiink aol thiit ittroLigth lios in the big raaoil word, 
Or iliiii I'D brief .n.l p nin ncvli bo im.ik. 
To whom can ihia bo true who once bus heard 
Tho cry for help, tlio touj'ie IhM nil men spoak, 
WhOQ \ or tvoc or tent \i in tbc Ihronl, 
80 lliii'. oiwh word giflpedout is liko a shriek 
Pre^aad from llio aoro he in. or a 9l ango wild note 
Suog hy aomo fge or fiend." 
,..,D > not Miiy "He ?fl(rf down on tlie grass," 
but 'Ut laij oil the grats," "Tho book does nol 
lay on the table; -t lies there." Do uot say, 'i 
btt?e no doubt hut lie will come," but say, "I 
have uo dou'tt Ihat he will come." Say *'! 
have." not '"I have yit." 

A iron! is one thing; ita meaning auother 

We cAn sen the word, but not what it means. 
A go!d dollar is not its value; fhe dollar we -can 
see, but unt its value. We see a man; what we 
Bee ofiiim dies. That jmrt oFa man which we 
canuot see. never dies. The flower lives only a 
litlle wliil--, but the law that governs it, never 
dies. We see the arm that moveH, but not the 
will that moves it. Tlie hnv who cuts his toe 
cannot see Ihe pain; he/ee/s it. You cannot 
iasle or smell sound, but you can heur -i. You 
cannot see wind, but feel it. You cannot ito 
anything without iiiii'i»ier. Haw to do, and do 
ing are two thiufis. You plant corn, but hotr 
do you plant? Why do you plant? "Prove all 

. . . ."Strength and force are modes of power." 
A wapon cannot create power; nor has it power 
of itself to move something else. It is simply 
B muchiue in the bauds of men to carry other 
thing!>. You have powpr to walk, but cannot 
Walk unless you will. We cannot get power 
over thine^, but we may get things into our 
power. You cannot get power ocer the rabbit, 
but you may get the rabbit into jour power — if 
you set the trap risht. 

. . . -Now dear children, on this cold Christmas 
day, 18T9, I feel happy in writing to you. Ma- 
ny of you, no doubt, had a "good time'' to-day 
and may you more and more study to do good 
to your loving parent-i who have done so much 
for you. If I live I shall talk to vou asain. 
Uncle Mays, 



ON A bright, plei-iaut pummer morning a 
young man, with a silk mufli-r around 
hia throat, and a woe-begone look in his pale 
Cacf , plied the big knocker upon the doctor's 
dwelliug. A lady answered the aummous, and 

informed the upplicant that the doctor wa.* m 
the garden at work. To the gard-^n the young 
mau Wfut, where he found the man of medicine 
eog ig< d in hoeine his sweet corn. 

"Well, sir, and what is the matter?" thedoc- 
ked, when the applicant had stattd that 
he h .d come for m<-dic il advice and assistance. 

'■Well, doctor,' with a lugubrious face, and 
whining, moaning tone, "i feel poorly all 
through. My head nas (spells of aching; my 
appetite is poor; my food does not act well; and 
lam very weak. R'-ally I uped help." 

'"Yea, I Fee. Let me loi>k at your tongue, 
Ahl yes. Now your pulse." 

The pulse waa felt, andafterduedeliberatiou, 
said thf doctor: 

"Look you, young man, you do certainly 
need help. Now, see; I must attend an im- 
portant caae at 10 o'clock, and I mu-^t have thin 
corn hoed before I go. So while I am gone, 
you take my hoe and go on with my worlt hire. 
Yon know how to u^e a hoe." 

"Ves hir. My father was a firmer; but 1 
haven't worked on a farm since be died." 

"And you haven't worked niufh anywhere 
else, I take in," the doctor threw in pleavantly. 

"No sir, I am not obliged to." 

"Very well. I'll warrant you the work here 
.*'on't hurt you; 8ogo on with it until I come 

^Vith that the doctor trudged off, and the 
young man went at the work of hoeing. He 
hot'd ti' the end ol the mw, and thuv removed 
the lixht mufti -r from hia neck. Then he went 
at it again. Half way do>^n the t^ecoud row he 
topped and looked up, but no doctor was in 
-iiglit. At the end of ihat row, as the abnent 
line had not yet appeared, he pulled'H' hi.s coat. 

The tJiird row he hoed more alowly, stopping 

veral limes before the end was reached; but 

lished, and, after a good rest, attacked the 
fourth row. There was hut one more row af- 
ter this, and the fancy aeized liim to have it 
•hmii before the old man got back. It Mould 
be a surprise to hira. It quickened hia pulsus 
and ga e him renewed" vim. He had jnstcom- 
leted the last hilt of the last tow when the 
doctor c^me back. 

■'Well, well, my young friend, how are you 
feeling now?" 

The patient realty bad to consider. He had 
been looking to nee what the physician had 
brought witli him of raedicioe: but he had 
brought nothing. His lianda were empty. "The 
work hasn't hurt you, h:i3 it!"" 

"0 uo, sir," his face glowing with the exer- 

"I thought not. Let me feel your pulse 
again." He held the young man's wrist for a 
brief space, and then — 

"It has worked to a charm. Now, sir, do 
you go home, and rf pi^at the dose twice a day, 
every morning and afternoon; do it faithfully, 
and be with your diet; don't use tobac- 
co, and if that doesn't work a cure come and 
let me know. My fee sir, is one dollar." 

"One — dollar?" gasped the astonished youth. 

"That is all I charge when patients call at 
my door." 

"But, sir, in mercy's name what is it for? 
Where is your prescription? What have I ta- 
ken of your=? 

'My prescription, my dear young friend, I 
gave you before I left you here with my hoe; 
the medicine you have b^en takiug in my place 
— a health-portion which 1 should have enji>yed 
had I not given it up to you. And now, dear 
sir, I will tell you frankly, you are rustiog out, 
literally tumbliug to pieces for want of exer- 
cise of botii body and mind. That is all, sir. — 
You can follow my prescription and be cured, 
or you can take your own way." 

The young man paid the dollar and went his 
way. Not tbm could he be cheerful; but af- 
terward, when he had allowed reason fair play, 
aud had come to prove the life-saving and the 
new life-giving virtues of the doctor's prescript- 
ion he came and thanked him. 

aay, 'Now I lay me;' iheU ne get warm," taid 

'"And what have you to eat, pray?" 

''When Grrfniiy coine.s himie. sie fetches us 

elhiug Granny says G.'d hiis got enough. 

Granny calls us G'>d's fipjrrows; aud we fay 

'Our F.ither' and 'daily bread' every day. G^d 

is our R.ther. 

Tears CHiue into Ihe g.iod woinan'.i eyea. Slie 
had a niihtrustuig spirit- herself; but these two 
liitle "sparrowri," parched in that cold upper 
chamber, taught her a sweet lesson of faith aud 
trust which she will nev'r forget 


THE troubles between the Czir of Russia and 
his wile, have long beeu a matter of pub- 
lic notoriety, and SI me lime ago the Czarina 
went to Cinne^', France, ostensibly fur the 
benefit of her health, but really t-he 
could no longer live with her An 
effort is now being made to put ch np the dilli- 
cnlty between the royal pair, and if it is suc- 
c'Silul, the Czarina will appear at the celebra- 
tion of the 25th anniversary of the Czai'a 
iicoe-ssion to the throne, which is noon to occur. 
We are apt to think that in tlie liomea of the 
rich and great, peace and harmony prevail^ but 
if we could only enter these gilded palaces, 
we woul 1 find ihat the same evil piissiunaaie 
lit >vork tliat are sometimes found iu the hovels 
of Ihe poor. Wealth and honor are good things 
to have, but if they are nut sauctfied by tin 
gmc^ol'God, thi-y can go but a little way lo- 
ivard true happiness. No homes are so full of 
real peace as tlios" where the religion of our 
L'ld .I"siisChri-t h»s ailed the hearts of t. ose 
who make up tlie family cin le. 

0m imlocf. 



A GOOD woman, searcbing out the children 
ol want, one cold day last Winter tried 
to open a door in the third story rf a wretched 
bouse, when she heard a little vjice say, "Pull 
theitring up L'igh! Pull the string up highi" 
She looked up and <iaw a string, which, on be. 
iug pubed, lifted a latch; and she opened th^- 
door upon two halt naked childieu, alt alone. 
Very cold and pitiful they looked. 

"Do you take care of yourselves, little onee ?" 
asked the good woman. 

'■God takes care of uri," said the oldest. 

"Aud are you not very cold? No Bra on a 
day like thi.s!" 

"Oh, wheo we are very cold, we creep under 
the quilt, and I put my arm^ around Tommy, 
and Tommy puts his arms around me, and we 

(3. s Aa.i> 


The word "dawdle" i.^eaiis to wast« time, to 
trifle. When ft boy does a thing iu a poky, 
J.Ky way, he "dawdles" over it. 

It is a bud thiitg to fall into a dawdling hab- 
it, It helps to make a boy unmanly and a girl 
unwomanly. The dawdler's lif^ is apt to be a 
l.iilure. He does little (or himself or others. In 
books, or heulthlul play, he doesn't amount to 

Don't dawdle. Do things with n will, and do 
■thera well. You must nut splutter or be ''fussy' 
over your work.' The fusay lellow can wast-' 
■time in hs baste us well us the dawlder in his 
slow trilling. Il.ive a quick eye and a ready 
hand aud patient heart, alwuya. 

Ifyoubavean hour in which to do n half 
hour'f task, do it in that half hour. Get Ibr 
on time, then play with brisku^sa and oparl 
ling eiijoyment. Do jour errani's promptly. 
Brn-h your hair with a lively hand. Sweej! 
your room with decision in every motion ol 
the broom. Don't dawdle." 


The meeting ol the Northern District of Iij- 
diana will be held in the Uni'ia Church, Mar- 
fihall Co., Ind., April 15th, 1880. 

A. H. PuTBHBAUoil, Clerk. 

The general District Meeting of Dii-triit 
No. 2. "Virginia, will beheld on the 8th andiHh 
of April, 1880, with the brethren at the brick 
meeting-house, Middle Kiver District, Augusta 
Co., Va, A full representation is greatly desir- 
ed. Levi Garuek. 

The District Meeting of Soolh-rn Ind, will 
be held m Clinton Co., in the old Middle Fork 
Church, March 2ith, Brethren coming by 
Railroad will come on the L. M. and B. R. R. to 
Mulberry Uie day before and they will be met 
and conveyed to place of meeting. 

Isaac Biuiimeil 

The District Meeting of Northern Iowa and 
Minnesota will be held on the 19th day ol 
March in the Brethren's meeting-house in 
Greene, Butler Co., Iowa, on the Burlington. 
Cedar Ripids and Northern R li to which wi 
extend an invitation to all to he present, and 
especially do we desire delegates Jrom all the 
churches within the district. 


Please announce that the District Meeting 
tor Bouthern Nebraska, Colorado and Northerly 
Kansas will be held at the re-idence of brotliei 
John Humbarger, f mr miles soulh-east of Ab- 
ilene, Dickinson Co , K^n.. on the 10th of Ma_\ . 
18S0. Lovefeast to be held ou the 8 h and 9th 
For furilier information correspond with th' 
writer. S. A. Sditeh 

— Tug leM meu iluuk, the more tliej lutk. 

— DHrsK,vRDainust be laiightto look to J.'S- 
us for help.and to w.'rk out their own salvauon. 
— TwRLVKhundreddJfl'ereut kinds of thread are 
niadn tjy the Willimautic, Conn., Thread Cmi- 

— Many a sweetly fashioned mouth hai been 
dixljgured aud made hideous by the very tongue 

— A WEAK mind is like a microscope, which 
magiiifit-a ttillmg things, but cannot receive 
groat ones. 

— Mk.vhi,y forty bodies have been recovered 
from the w,iter at the fatal bridge of the Frilh 
of Tuy, Scotland. 

— TtiUE religion ahowa itselt in ovory pirt of 
our conduct; it i- like the sap of the living tree 
which penetrates the disfniit bouglif. 

— A Chriatian praya not Ih t lie may bend the 
willoi U 111 according to biaowu will, but in or- 
d.!r that tie may shape liis will accotdiug to 

— TiiEKE is but one printed Turcoraaii book 
u Bib!.! Lr.iiisliit'.'d Irom the Russian. So that 
it :^eenie that the Ilu^siatiH have done more lor 
Central A<ia than the English liuve. 

— Entire religions liUerty has lately been bo- 
ured in Greece through the elforts of the Kii- 

tish Unvi-riimeul, at the solicitation ol the 
iiiasionaries of the Eugliah Preabjtenan 

—The trauslntirn of the Nuw Testament into 
the Cunan laiigUHg<.> is hall done. The Coreaus 
are supposed to number lilteeii iniltiuiid, and 
ihey have never had a [lortiou ot the Bible in 
their own tongue. 

— TuEiiK is great I'ifcontent in the chief cit- 
ie.'4 ut Russia, aud tlie Government seems uuabte 
to put. down liie agitators. May bo they are 
becoming Americaui/.i^d in Itus^iu, und that, a 
republic is in the near future. 

— He that hath many things to trust to, i-i in 
r.u>pehbe wliicli be fliould taku hold of; but 
where there ii but one left, with what n reed- 
mess will he clasp hold ol that. God cuts down 
worldly props that we may make him our stay. 

— Let thy co^ver^ation with men be sober 
ami sincere; let thy devotion to Gud be dutiful 
and deceni ; let the uiie be heurl.y,uod not limigL- 
H ; let the 01.0 bri humble aud not honnlj ; ao 
live with men as if Gud saw thee; bo pray to 
God as )f men heard thee. 

— '"Foil my own part," ssys John Newton 
"if my pcicket was full of stones, I huve uo 
right to ihrow one at the greatest backr^Iider 
upon earth, I have either done aa bad or worse 
than he, or I certainly should if the Lird had 
left me a liLtie to myself, fur I am made of just 
the same materials; if there be any ditl'ereiieo it 
IB wholly of grace." 

— PiuVATE prayer is the golden pipe through 
which llie Lord is gracioualy pleaded to convoy 
Bpirtiual blessings to the soul. He kuowetb all 
>iur wants, aud without our asking htm, could 
pupply all our wants in the best possible time. 
But he will be inquired ot by the houae of Is- 
rael, to do for tlieiu according to the exceeding 
great aud precious promises he La'h giv'.u. 

— Thb American Bible Society, by its pres- 
ent constitution, can only publi.-ih King James' 
version ot the Bible. The recently revised New 
Te>tnment is t-) be published by tbenniverstiiea 
of Oxford aud Cambridge, England, this year, 
and i-fforts are being made at the East, lo hare 
the British Society ao change ita constitution 
la to be able to publish the revised ua well as 
the King .lames verstoD. 

— Olu MASTfiK Bhooks 3aja;"If you only 
have candlelight, blesa God for it, and he will 
give you starlight; when you have got star- 
li: lit, praise God for it, and he will give you 
moonlight; when you have got tnoonligbt, re- 
joice in it, and he will give you sunlight; pri'ise 
niiu still more, and he will make the light of 
voiir sun as the light of s^-ven dayn, for the 
Lord himself shall be the light of your spirit." 

— Charles J. Frhekait. the man who killed 
bis own little girl in his relj^'ious /.^al, was 
•arefiilly examined by many experta in such 
ii<eaBes. and their unanimous conviction is that 
iie is insane in a 'ery marked degre«. Hs 
toubt» the idea himself ol bin insanity. He looka 
upon himself aa the embodied Christ to his sec- 
nd coming and the olF-ring of his child aa a 
i"ce?siiry additional act of atonement to secure 
ti- pialvation of childhood. While his conver- 
sHliou was logical and Scriptural, hi.'s impress. 
una are as wild aa tho^e of a raving maniac. 

February '24 

'I'ilE littiCTtlKKjV ^T "WOKlv, 

(0.1,, f iBT.! ($fas 

h, H'orth of Truth 

. r-'-'V"' 

. Tfli: 

1 tiia (]><iijirtiii*iDt IH (IfHiiEiii-il ritr xekiiig uuU in 
aweriii|{ i|i"'»l'i<"'Xi <lra>4ii n< in tliH liillf. In "' 
dtir to iiruoiot^ Uie Truiti, all iiui-Hlii'iia nliould U 
brlet, AQil clatlicd lo Bliujile IntigiiiiKt^. ^V'e aliiii 
Aoal^ (juestluiiA to our cuiitrlbiitvni to annwxi 
but lliis iIoeH tiuL «xcluile an; otliera writing ii|xi' 
Ibe 4rtine t4>iilc. 

Will Home uuu p Ituse give euu.e liRht on llie itcli 
chiiiiltTof ItevilutlonB? Daniki. W. CinrE- 

Iletvncilo Malt. &: 1 with Lukt 0: 12-2(icornct- 
ly. j\LLeN UoTEn. 


rieiap explain Ma't. !r,;27; '■Ami she siiid tnit'- 
Lonl.yot tlm<log9 eat of tliu cmni h wliiuli f.ill 
from their master's table." Wliut is meant by tlii? 
dogH eiiliiig the i;runib9. 

TIIR Jews were u choaea jieople — chiMren of 
God.— iind they looked niiun all G.'iilile 
nutioiis 119 do.;a. (laa. 57: 10; Pnil. 3: 2; MhU 
15: '26.) Christ himself alluiled to the Ciuaiin- 
ileaas dogs, and in 24th 'er-e he saya he whh 
not Kent to Hucb, but to the Jews only; there- 
fore it wss Dot meant tliiit thi^ hreiid of lile 
should he givtJD to the Geiililes. Thii woniiii 
seeing the cause for which Hhn wa.s abo'it to b-- 
rcj ct-d, wor8hi[i|)ed him, ph.'uding in the nio-i 
pHthetic njanntr lor the cniiitb^ '-Inch miffhi 
fall irom Mid children's table, thereby exeicis- 
ioR great tsith. and it was tlirou^jh fiitli her 
child i\-ftH healed. C. H. A. 



From Damascus to Beirut. 



Will ponieonepleaswoiiliiin M;itt, nr-J.tnnd2li 
"Anil tliou Capernaum which iirt o.\a1teil unlo 
heaven alialr. bo liroughlduwn lo hell, for if tli<' 
mi^blywoih!) whidi have bi-en done in thee liad 
been done in :joduni, it would Lave remained unlil 
ihia day. Hut 1 say U'jto you that it sliall be niori' 
tolerable for the huid of Sodom in the day of jirif,'- 
nieni, Uiaii for Llifu," I.ydia Fernek. 

CVl'EUNAUil was in Ui-p^-r Galilee, by the 
(iea ot UeuneHaret. It hiy on thi greal 
highway between Damascus and the Mediter- 
ranean Sea, and was therefore of considerable 
importance as a commercial point. It whh 
highly favored by the Lord, because he did 
muuy woudtrful works there. But it seeuied 
the more he showed liia power, the less wt re 
the p-fopio iuclin>^d to receive thelrolh; hence 
the Savior bi-holds the favored cily and sa)8, 
"Tliou Cap niaulu, which art exalted unto 
heaven, which hast been lavored above many 
other citien, eveu above So'lom and Gomorrah, 
tthall bb brought down to hell." We thiuk the 
Word "hell" here luean^', "a hiding place," to 
put autof Bight, This piediction basbeen lit- 
erally fulfilled. lu the wara between the Jews 
and UomaDH, Capernaum was utterly dastroyed, 
and to this day it ia not certain where thia an- 
cient cily was located. Thus it has been hid 
— has been brought down to hell, and uonecan 
Hud it. 

Sodom was destroyed 1897 yeara before 
Ubrwt's incarnation. "It shall be more tolera 
ble" for those who died lia sin before Christ's 
mi-siou, than for those who peisislently refuse 
to receive him. The people of Caperimum 
liad every opportunity to he saved, but refused. 
If the people of Sodom bad been given the 
aame chances, they would have accepted and 
lived. This shows tliat a sinner who wilfully re- 
jects the truth, is in greater danger thau those 
who know but little or nothing of Jesus, Let 
US recapitulate. 1. Sodom did wickedly, bnt 
wiis not in possession of saving grace. 2, Stie 
was destroyed for her wickedness. 3, Caperiiii 
un\ WHS highly favored — the Troth being in 
her midst, i. But the people persisteutly re- 
fined it. 5. And for this they were brought 
low— destroyed. 6. Of the two citie^i, Sodom 
has the most to justify Uer before the Lord. 


Smyrna is one of the lutst ancient atid im- 
portant of the cities of Asia Minor. It con- 
tended for the bonorof giving birth to Homer; 
and its title t^. by many thon^ht to h- the bft 
founded. The Christian church in Smyrna 
was one of the seven churches in Asia, to which 
the Apostle John was commanded to address an 
epistle. Hcv. 2: S-IO. Polycarp is supposed at 
this time t^ have bnea ics pastor. The site id 
St«dium. in which Polycarp is supposed to have 
soll'ered martyrdom, is still pointed out. Tie 
)iro>ent population of Smyrna is estimated at 
lt)0 000 It cont.iins several Greek, Armeniju 
K Muan Cutholic. and Prut^tstant Cliurcne*. atid 
about twenty mosques. It is less remarkably. 
however, for the elegance of its buildings, than 
for its situation, the extent of its commerce, lind 
the riches of its iubabitauts. 

•^rlftUa MUa<Urd~ bT>p«dAl jLrTuctDiMil.1 

WHEN we ni'Uutedour hoi9>?-s in Dai 
cu**, and slarted nestwaid, I realized 
for the first time that we were on our way 
hnmewanl. We were then further away from 
hom'i than at any time before; hut from that 
day we could sin^, literally 

''We nightly pitch our moving tent 
A diiys "iiaich nearer home" — 
and we did sing it very often. 

Instead of following the turnpike to Bpirut, 
we turn-^d from it to the right in order to visit 
the ruins of Baill>ek and the cedars of Lebanon, 
and on our way to the former place we called 
at the wonderful fountain wliich forms the 
principal source of the river Aba-nu. It is 
found on the northern edge of the same nar- 
row gorge in the mountain through which we 
followed the bank of the river in approaching 
D tinascus; but it ia some miles higher up than 
the point at which we struck the river bank. 
, We reached it about noon, and spent nn hour 
or two in the d'>nae and delightful ahiide whi> h 
surrounds it. It is really a river bursting up 
in a pt-rp.-n licular line from the deep bowels of 
tile earth, and flowing oil' with a volume of wa- 
ter which would entitle it to the name of a riv- 
er, even in America. The current rushes up 
with such force, and from such a depth that the 
fountain cannot bx fnthoined. I tried to sink 
heavy stones in it; but when I would ca-t in 
one as large ai my l\fA<\, dashing down with all 
my slrengtli, it would sink only a few feet ere 
it WU3 drifted aside and lodged on the vrrge of 
the well-like opi-ning. Wbetlier ttn volume of 
water is greater or less than that of the spring 
at T)in, we could not determine with accumc^ ; 
but the latti>r is the only other fountain seen 
in our trave's at all comparable to it. The wa- 
ter is very cold, and is as clear as crystal. The 
fountain was formerly covered by a suiall build- 
ing constructed of massive stones; but I he arch- 
ed roof, and many stones from the walls, have 
now fallen into the river. 

Near by it stands a small heathen temple in 
which worship was once paid to the gods who 
were supposed to preside over the fountain; and 
certainly the people of Damascus, and ut the 
entire oasis in which it stands, owe a vast debt 
of gratitude on thia account; for were it not for 
this fountain, that garden of delights would 
Kin be liS bare and yellow as the desert sands 
hich now spread around it. Tlie fountain is 
about ten miles from D^imasus, and is called liy 
the natives el Fijebandis the cliiet source of tin- 
Ab-a-na, supplying two-thirds of iis water. It 
not tLe head of the stream. On our way to 
Baalbek we followed the bed of its upper waters 
for a few miles, and camped that night ut a 
plac* called Suk Wady barada,,where our tents 
pitched on a narrow ledjje with a precipi- 
tous mountain wall behind them, and in front 
a deep narrow gorge with i*lmost perpendicular 
ides, through which the stream flows. Among 
the high rocky hills beyond this gorge, whose 
perpendicular walls are almost honey*combed 
with aepulcli-rs, is shown an old tomb called 
the tomb of Abel. As he was the second son 
of Adam and the victim of the first murder, we 
would have paid him onr respects by visiting 
his tomb; but I was quite unwell that evening, 
and my companions were a little iucredulous us 
to the fact tliat Abel's bones were really inter- 
a there. 

Go the nest day as we descended the west- 
ern slope of the Auti-Lebunon mountains, \7e 
passed the village of Neb? Shet, or the prophet 
Scth, the third '•on of Adam mentioned ia the 
jL-riptures. Though we had slighted Abel, we 
looK time to call on Seth. We found him in a 
stone house, one story high, long, low and nar- 
row with a rude plastered dome at one end. 
I'hrough a door near thia dome we were admit- 
ted by the keeper, after we had pulled olf our 
boots. We fouud the tomb more than a hun- 
dred feet long, aboutsix feet wide, and buiil up 
about four feet above the stone floor of the 
tliu like room. Its top was sloped like tlie 
root of a house, and it was covered by hanging 
of dirty and fiided calico with broad stripes ot 
How, red aud green. I suppose tho^e who 
built the tomb aud named it after Seth, imag- 
ined that he was one of the giants that weie 
the earth in those days (Gen, vi, 3), and gave 
his tomb a co-responding length. 

After reaching the loot hills we tiirned more 
to the right, and our journey was without in 
cidents worthy of meutiim until we reached 
the vicinity ot 6<talbek. In approaching tins 
town we passed the quarry whence the great 
rocks found in its temples were taken, and we 
stopped to examine the rock yet lying in the 

quarry, which so astoniah-^s all travelers. I was 
curious to see this famous rock, not only l>e- 
cause it is the largest one ever quarrie ', 
but because the nieaBurenifnta (f its dim>-n- 
8 ons madi by different travelers were 
quite con trad ictnrj'- There was no dith- 
culiy in recognizing it as soon as we saw it 
We ridi up to it, dismounted, walked about it, 
clinib-d over it and measured it Its length is 
68 feet five inches, and its thickness li feet 3 
inches at one end, and 17 feet 8 inches ut the 
other. It is this varying width which has led 
to the contradictory ti^jures above referred t". 
Trivelers have mea-ur. d, some towuid one end, 
nd some totvard the other, and each ban taken 
but one meusuremeut, nut observing or suspect- 
ing, that the rock is wider at one end thiiu tlie 
other. This immeiise mass has been detached 
by cutting away the roik from all around it, 
and then cutting under it. The undercut is 
not completed; it txtends only one-third of the 
way from end to end. The workmen sat under 
the rock while making this cut, aud ihey would 
doubtless have placed props behind tbem if lliej 
had advanced far enough to net-d them. 

Many have been puzzled to know how the 
ancients succeeded in moving such rockf. It 
IS explained by the carved slabs fouud in tli 
temples of Ninevab, on winch are sculptured 
representations of the entire process. The great 
rock was placed on tracks by means of levers, a 
large number of airong ropes were tied to the 
truck, B smooth track of heavy timbers was laid, 
and men in sufiicieut number to move the mass 
were hitched to the rop'is. Ever> man would 
represent ahout 200 pounds ot pulling strength, 
aud the weight which could thus be moved was 
limited only by the number ot men and rop-F 
that could bo eaiployed. Three rocka, quarried 
in the a ime place with this large one, and but 
little inferior to it in si/.h", were ac